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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Mittelpöllnitz
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Mittelpöllnitz highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 45 '  N , 11 ° 55'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Saale-Orla district
Management Community : Triptis
Height : 335 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.01 km 2
Residents: 285 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 57 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 07819
Area code : 036482
License plate : SOK, LBS, PN, SCZ
Community key : 16 0 75 066
Community structure: 2 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Strasse des Friedens 27
07819 Mittelpöllnitz
Website :
Mayor : Thomas Franz
Location of the community of Mittelpöllnitz in the Saale-Orla district
Bad Lobenstein Bodelwitz Dittersdorf Dittersdorf Dittersdorf Döbritz Dreitzsch Eßbach Gefell Geroda Keila Görkwitz Göschitz Gössitz Grobengereuth Hirschberg (Saale) Gertewitz Kirschkau Kospoda Krölpa Langenorla Lausnitz Lemnitz Löhma Miesitz Mittelpöllnitz Moßbach Moxa Neundorf (bei Schleiz) Neustadt an der Orla Neustadt an der Orla Nimritz Oberoppurg Oettersdorf Oppurg Paska Peuschen Plothen Pörmitz Pößneck Quaschwitz Ranis Remptendorf Rosendorf Rosenthal am Rennsteig Saalburg-Ebersdorf Schleiz Schmieritz Schmorda Schöndorf Seisla Solkwitz Tanna Tegau Tömmelsdorf Triptis Volkmannsdorf Weira Wernburg Wilhelmsdorf (Saale) Wurzbach Ziegenrück Thüringenmap
About this picture

Mittelpöllnitz is a municipality in the northeast of the Saale-Orla district in Thuringia . It has about 320 inhabitants on an area of ​​5.01 km².


The municipality of Mittelpöllnitz lies on the northern edge of the Thuringian Slate Mountains .

Neighboring communities

Neighboring communities are Geroda and the town of Triptis in the Saale-Orla district as well as Harth-Pöllnitz and Auma-Weidatal .

Community structure

The community consists of the districts Porstendorf and Mittelpöllnitz.

Main street of Mittelpöllnitz


Like the surrounding villages of Nieder- and Oberpöllnitz, Mittelpöllnitz emerged as a Slavic settlement between the 9th and 12th centuries. Mittelpöllnitz is first mentioned in 1238 under the name Polnic . The name Pöllnitz comes from the Slavic word Polnica, which means "river in open terrain" in German and was originally the field name for the area between Triptis and Weida . Via Polniz (1238), Mittelpolnicz (1378) and Mittel-Bellnitz (1568), the current place name Mittelpöllnitz was found in 1611. During this period, the pond mill was probably built as a grinding and cutting mill, because from 1570–1600 this mill belonged to the manor . In 1682 a mill inspection was carried out by an Arnshaugk bailiff. In 1947 the noise of the mill machines in the village ceased.

An important south-north connection ran through the town - the trade and military route from Regensburg to Naumburg - as well as the west-east connection from Saalfeld to Gera. These old trade and military routes increased the importance of the place, but in times of war they also brought a lot of suffering and great losses up to destruction.

From 1683, the military and trade routes from Gera to Schleiz-Hof and Gera to Saalfeld were used as post roads by the riding and traveling mail. This means that Mittelpöllnitz also gained importance as a "post office". But the favorable location on the military and trade routes was again fatal in 1806: On October 10, 1806, Napoleon's troops marched into Mittelpöllnitz and looted the farms of the village. Napoleon is said to have stayed in Mittelpöllnitz on his way to Auerstedt.

On February 6, 1945, a shot down American B-17 bomb plane ("Flying Fortress") crashed near Mittelpöllnitz.

Porstendorf was incorporated on July 1, 1950.

Population development

Development of the population (December 31st each) :

  • 1994: 327
  • 1995: 322
  • 1996: 311
  • 1997: 317
  • 1998: 323
  • 1999: 327
  • 2000: 336
  • 2001: 330
  • 2002: 333
  • 2003: 322
  • 2004: 326
  • 2005: 326
  • 2006: 326
  • 2007: 319
  • 2008: 309
  • 2009: 301
  • 2010: 290
  • 2011: 278
  • 2012: 275
  • 2013: 267
  • 2014: 272
  • 2015: 279
  • 2016: 276
  • 2017: 282
  • 2018: 285
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics

coat of arms

Coat of arms of Mittelpoellnitz
Blazon : “Half split and divided; at the top right a silver millstone in blue, at the top left in red a silver post horn, at the bottom in silver a blue rafter. "

The coat of arms was designed by Manfred Fischer from Goßwitz . It was approved on November 6, 1996 by the Thuringian State Administration Office.

Foundation of the coat of arms: The two districts Mittelpöllnitz and Porstendorf belonged to the dominion of the noble family von Pöllnitz . In Mittelpöllnitz there was a post office at the fork of the two postal routes Leipzig-Nuremberg and Leipzig-Coburg until the 19th century. This is what the post horn stands for in the coat of arms. In the Porstendorf district, a watermill still stands as a landmark today; the millstone is therefore symbolic of the Porstendorf district. The blue rafter on a silver background is borrowed from the family coat of arms of the von Pöllnitz family as former landlords.

A corresponding flag is split in red and white and bears the coat of arms.

Culture and sights


View of the church

The church in Mittelpöllnitz is known in the area because of the 27 meter high church tower and the octagonal floor plan of the nave .

Culture house in Mittelpöllnitz

During the GDR era, the residents of the village jointly built the culture center in the center of the village, a school, a kindergarten and a building for the youth club. These facilities are still in use today, with the exception of the school, which had to be closed due to falling student numbers. The "Konsum" building, which was also built during the GDR era, was converted into a fire station in the 1990s.


In the middle of the village there is a large sports field with a soccer field, 60 m lane, beach volleyball field and the like. Facilities that were mainly used by the local elementary school until it was closed. The 60 m lane was converted into a bowling alley in 2008 for the annual bowling tournament.

Regular events

Annual village festival


To the south of the Mittelpöllnitz district, the 281 federal road formerly merged into the 2 federal road . In 2007 a bypass road towards Triptis was completed. The federal highway 2 from the direction of Gera now meets the B 281 (bypass road) in the direction of Saalfeld northwest of Mittelpöllnitz. The through traffic is diverted past the town center and Mittelpöllnitz is better connected to the federal motorway 9 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. Günter Steiniger: Mills on the Auma, the Triebes, the Leuba and in the Güldetal. With the mills on Kesselbach, Finkenbach, Pöllnitzbach, Struthbach, Floßbach and the Seebach. Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2011, ISBN 978-3-86777-296-9 , pp. 63-66.
  3. Hartmut Ulle: New Thuringian Wappenbuch. Volume 2: Ilmkreis, Jena, Kyffhäuserkreis, Saale-Orla-Kreis, Saalfeld-Rudolstadt (district), Schmalkalden-Meiningen (district), Suhl. 2nd, changed, revised edition. Working group Genealogy Thuringia, Erfurt 1997, ISBN 3-9804487-2-X , p. 40.

Web links

Commons : Mittelpöllnitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files