|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 19 ' N , 11 ° 55' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Height :||500 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||58.03 km 2|
|Residents:||45,825 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||790 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||95028, 95030, 95032|
|Area code :||09281|
|License plate :||HO|
|Community key :||09 4 64 000|
|LOCODE :||DE HOQ|
|City structure:||5 districts with 27 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Eva Döhla ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Hof in Bavaria|
Hof is a Franconian city in north-east Bavaria , located on the Saale . With 47,296 inhabitants, it is the third largest city in the administrative district of Upper Franconia after Bamberg and Bayreuth . Together with the surrounding area, the city forms an urban area with around 70,000 inhabitants.
The city is a regional center , a university town with almost 6,000 students, the center of the Hofer Land and the seat of the district administration of the Hof district , which completely surrounds the city. With 115 nationalities, Hof is an international city; the university maintains close cooperation with India . Hof has been a member of the Euregio Egrensis European region since 1993 and of the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region since 2005 . Hof is also the center of the Upper Franconia region . Hof is located in the Upper Franconian East planning region , the administrative seat of which is the city. The city lies on the Bavarian Porcelain Route .
The city has a wide range of culture and leisure opportunities. The Theresienstein and Untreusee are the two recreational areas courtyard. The Freiheitshalle is the largest event hall in Northeast Bavaria. The Hof Theater is a four-part theater and the main venue for the Hof Symphony Orchestra . Concerts are held regularly in the town churches of St. Marien and St. Michaelis . There is also the Hof Zoo , the Botanical Garden and an observatory . Hof is also known to a wide audience through the Hofer Filmtage , a film festival. Hof is of great importance for tourism in the east of Upper Franconia and has over 160,000 overnight stays annually. Due to exhibitions such as the “Hofexplosion”, the city is also considered the center of art in Northern Bavaria .
In 1989 the refugee trains from Prague reached Hof Central Station and thus the first city in the Federal Republic.
The urban area lies on both sides of the border between the Mittelvogtland hill country (part of the Vogtland , in the northeast) and the Münchberger plateau (part of the Thuringian-Franconian low mountain range , in the southwest). The city of Hof is located in the Saale river valley , which flows through the urban area between the Fichtelgebirge and the Franconian Forest on the southern edge of the Mittelvogtland hill country from south to north. There are 17 bridges across the Saale in Hof . Due to the low mountain range , the slopes of the river valley are relatively steep. The lowest point of Hof is on the Saale at around 450 m above sea level. NHN , the highest point in the urban area on the Kulm at 614 m above sea level. NHN . As a result, the city has streets with considerable gradients, especially in the east-west direction.
The city is surrounded by the following elevations in a clockwise direction, starting in the north:
- Labyrinth mountain with the labyrinth tower
- Wartberg (570 m above sea level )
- Otterberg and Alsenberg
- Rosenbühl with the Bismarck Tower , named after the first Chancellor of the German Empire Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898).
- Kulm (614 m above sea level )
The city of Hof has designated 87 green spaces. These include the Theresienstein, the Saaleauen and the Untreusee. There are 4500 street trees in Hof. Some tree species are protected by a regulation above a certain size. The city gave away 1,319 tree seedlings for further greening.
- The Saale is the largest river in Hof. It flows through the city from south to north with two bends in the lower suburb at the level of Theresienstein. The Saale is dammed between the Friedrich-Ebert-Brücke and the Lower Stone Bridge.
- In the north of the urban area the Nördliche Regnitz flows into the Saale.
- The Untreusee is a reservoir in the south of the city. It is mainly used for tourism and local recreation.
- See also: List of Saale bridges
|use||Area in ha|
|Settlement and traffic areas||2,122 ha|
|Agricultural area||2,527 ha|
|Forestry area||731 ha|
|Green space||290 ha|
|Water surface||132 ha|
In Hof, the Bavarian State Office for the Environment has designated five landscape protection areas and six geotopes . (As of 2016)
Hof is a member of the Saxon-Bavarian city network ( Bayreuth , Chemnitz , Hof, Marktredwitz , Plauen , Zwickau ).
Erfurt (140 km)
Jena (100 km)
Leipzig (150 km)
Gera (95 km)
Chemnitz (100 km)
Zwickau (70 km)
Coburg (90 km)
Kronach (50 km)
( German Karlovy Vary ) (100 km)
Bayreuth (60 km)
Nuremberg (140 km)
|Marktredwitz (50 km)||Cheb ( German Eger ) (55 km)|
The Saxon twin town of Plauen is 30 km northeast of Hof.
The independent city of Hof is surrounded by the district of Hof . Clockwise - starting in the north - the following municipalities border the city (the abbreviation in brackets according to the district map):
- Feilitzsch (G3)
- Trogen (G12)
- Gattendorf (G4)
- Döhlau (G2)
- Oberkotzau (M2)
- Konradsreuth (G8)
- Leupold Green (G9)
- Köditz (G7)
The city forms a contiguous agglomeration with around 57,000 inhabitants with the directly adjacent municipalities of Oberkotzau and Döhlau . The municipality of Köditz borders with the Neuköditz district directly on the Vogelherd district of Hof, and the main town is also not far from the city. Together with Köditz, the area has about 59,000 inhabitants. However, these are only those municipalities that have no gaps in their development, but are directly adjacent. In addition, the other surrounding municipalities and suburbs are only a few kilometers away; together with the surrounding area, around 70,000 people live in Hof.
The independent city of Hof is statistically divided into 5 districts divided into 27 districts.
|No.||district||coat of arms||Districts|
|1||center||8,466||Downtown , Westend , Bahnhofsviertel|
|2||east||10,458||Enoch-Widman-Viertel , factory suburb , Wartturmviertel , southern Saale, Leimitz-Jägersruh|
|3||south||12,474||Anspann , Moschendorf , Krötenbruck , Eppenreuth , Pirk|
|4th||west||10,400||Münsterviertel , Geigengrund , Neuhof , Vogelherd , Osseck , Hohensaas , Wölbattendorf , Epplas|
|5||North||5,745||Theresienstein , Northern Saale, Ziegelacker-Hofeck , Unterkotzau , Studentenberg , Haidt|
|Hof an der Saale 1990–2013|
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Hof an der Saale 1990–2013
Dialect and linguistic features
The Hoferisch ( Huuferisch (emphasis on the long u )), the Hofer dialect, belongs to the Upper Franconian dialects in the dialect group of the East Franconian dialects . These dialects are called Franconian . A special feature in Hof and the immediate vicinity is the word hoa ( o and a are spoken together as a medium-length vowel between o and a , a phon not used in High German ), which dialect speakers use as a synonym for Ja or as an affirmative Modal particle is used and the dialect speaker can also be recognized outside of the Hof area to other Hofers. Texts in the Hofer dialect are published in the Hofer Walker , a column in the local daily newspaper Frankenpost , and show the phonetic relationship with the dialects of the Egerland and the neighboring former Ascher Ländchen as a common legacy from the time of the Northern Gau .
Due to the proximity to the Vogtland , variations of East Franconian ( Upper German ), such as Vogtland , can also be heard.
Hof was first mentioned as "Curia Variscorum" in the 4th century. Bavarian Slavs settled in the region . The history of the Eastern Franconia , which is documented by documentary sources, begins after the Migration Period . From these sources, the events of that time in the area to which today's Upper Palatinate, Lower, Middle and Upper Franconia belong, can be roughly traced. The Nordgau developed in the area called "Francōnia orientālis" north of the Danube and the Castra Regina up to the Main and extended to the east in the Bohemian Forest . One of the old tribes known by name that settled there were the Varisker , who, according to the Tabula Peutingeriana , were resident in what is now northeastern Bavaria and Thuringia.
In the early Middle Ages, the dioceses of Naumburg , Regensburg and Würzburg met in the area of the city of Hof . Charlemagne had told the Würzburg bishops, "to build on the territory of the Slavs who settled between the rivers Main and Rednitz churches." With territorial reorganization was at the request of King Henry II. In November 1007, the Diocese of Bamberg , which directly Rome was assumed. In the north-east of the new diocese, the grand parish of Hof was founded, which encompassed the entire area of today's district of Hof . The first church was built on the site of today's Lorenz Church.
Andechs and Weida
Around the year 1080 there was a settlement of farmers with the place name "Rekkenze" in what is today the city area, probably a result of the location on the Regnitz river . The first settlement houses stood near the confluence with the Saale . They were mentioned in a document in 1214, extended to the adjacent hill and formed the so-called old town in the later city of Hof. This document also names the Lorenz Church, the oldest church in Hof.
Around 1230, under the government of Otto I von Andechs, a new city was built north of the farming settlement, fortified with walls and gates - the so-called Neustadt. The main road through the Neustadt - today's Ludwigstraße - was an important road connection to the Vogtland . Towards the end of the 13th century, two monasteries can be found in the new town , the Franciscan monastery was built in 1292. Until 1373, Hof was in the possession of the Bailiffs von Weida and passed from them to the property of the Burgraves of Nuremberg from the Hohenzollern family . According to data from the Society for Leprosy in Hof, a medieval leprosy can be identified from 1302 , which was 700 meters "in front of the lower stone bridge".
The city became part of the Hohenzollern Margraviate of Brandenburg-Kulmbach as the Landeshauptmannschaft Hof . After the residence city was moved, the principality was called the Markgraftum Brandenburg-Bayreuth . During this time the city was referred to as the "Prince of Brandenburg Capital Hoff in Voigtlande". A Hussite army group captured the city in 1430 and destroyed it badly. In order to be better protected against attacks, a rifle guild was founded in 1432. A folk festival, the so-called Schlappentag, developed from the guild's annual target practice .
In 1529 at the beginning of the Reformation , Hof became Evangelical Lutheran. Margrave Albrecht Alcibiades von Brandenburg-Kulmbach founded the Hofer Gymnasium in 1546 , today's Jean-Paul-Gymnasium , one of the oldest high schools in Upper Franconia.
In 1553, Hof was besieged and taken during the Second Margrave War by Nuremberg and royal Bohemian troops under Heinrich IV von Plauen (see Siege of Hof ). Georg Wolf von Kotzau was briefly governor of Hof. In 1553, Hans Glaser made a woodcut of the siege of the city.
In 1557 the first printing press was founded in Hof.
Location on Via Imperii
Hof also gained economic importance in the Middle Ages due to its location on the Via Imperii . This enabled the trading city to prosper even then.
17th and 18th centuries
In 1625 the city burned for the fourth time. In 1632 Wallenstein's General Holck came to Hof, and in the same year Wallenstein moved through the city with his main army.
When eleven years after the end of the war they had recovered from the horrors and destruction of the Thirty Years' War , the damage caused by the fire of 1625 was repaired. The town hall was rebuilt.
After the Thirty Years' War Hof became a place of refuge for evicted Protestants, especially from Austria and Bohemia . The first postal connection had been there since 1683 twice a week from Leipzig via Hof to Nuremberg . Further postal connections to Regensburg (1692) and Dresden (1693) followed. In 1690 there was another big fire in the city.
In the 18th century, two city fires raged again. In 1743 the Hof castle burned down. At this time it was the seat of the administrator of the provincial governorate Hof appointed by the Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and was not rebuilt.
In 1783 the city's first newspaper appeared; the Höfer intelligence paper is considered the forerunner of today's newspaper.
In 1792 Hof came to the Kingdom of Prussia with the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth .
The affiliation to Prussia did not last long. In 1806 French troops occupied the city. In 1810 France sold the Principality of Bayreuth with the city of Hof to the Kingdom of Bavaria .
Bavaria after Napoleon
On September 4, 1823, a devastating fire destroyed most of the Neustadt with today's Ludwigstrasse and the surrounding streets. Until New Year's Eve 1869, Hof had a night watchman, who ensured the protection and safety of the citizens at night through tours and signals.
In 1848 at the time of the peasant liberation , Hof was connected to the Bavarian Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn and the Saxon-Bavarian Railway . The first Hof train station , a terminal station , was near the Upper Gate at the site of today's city post office. The passenger trains stopped in a four-track, brick-built platform hall, which has largely been preserved.
In 1880, one kilometer from the city gates, the new Hofer Hauptbahnhof was built as a through station on the border between Bavaria and Saxony with considerable technical facilities. It was built due to the growing volume of traffic. The city grew so rapidly that the population quintupled between 1850 and 1900. The main reason for this lies in the growing textile industry . New living space, which was needed for the workers, was quickly built, and many Wilhelminian-style districts emerged , such as the Bahnhofsviertel , Westend , the factory suburbs and large parts of the Münsterviertel , the Studentenberg , Hofeck and Moschendorf .
At the end of the 19th century, the old town was largely rebuilt and now looks newer than the new town.
City Church of St. Mary
The Marienkirche was built from 1864 to 1891. It was created at the Sonnenplatz, on the ground of the pilgrims' hostel Zur Goldenen Sonne from the Middle Ages . The Catholic Church was urgently needed, as many royal Bavarian officials and workers who came to the city from Bohemia and the western Franconian Forest were Catholics and the small Catholic Church on Karolinenstrasse was no longer sufficient. The St. Nicholas Church, which was abandoned as a church in 1542 , already stood near the Marienkirche in the Middle Ages .
The Jewish community
The first mention of Jews in Hof dates back to 1319 and as early as 1373 a synagogue called " Judenschul " was built. 100 years later there were at least five Jewish families in the city who lived mainly from the money trade. This ended abruptly after a pogrom in 1515 after the Jewish families refused to pay the Good Friday levy imposed on them as " atonement for the killing of Christ ". The surviving Jews left the city. After various settlement bans that were still in place until the 18th century, at the end of the 19th century, during the time of Jewish emancipation , Jewish families again settled in the city. They formed a new Jewish community that grew to almost 100 people in the following decades. In 1911 the Jewish cemetery was built in Wölbattendorf and in 1927 another synagogue was built on Hallplatz near the old train station, although it was the target of attacks in the following years. This church was completely destroyed in the November pogrom in 1938 ; the inventory was burned.
The pogroms in Hof, which began in the early morning hours of November 10th, mainly involved officers from the Hof Police Directorate , the General SS and SA men . In addition to the synagogue, retailers and private homes were the main targets of the attacks; 12 of the 80 Jews in Hof at that time were arrested. Most of the Jews left the city again, so that in 1939 only seven Jewish residents were counted. After the Second World War , no former Hofer Jew returned, but about 1400 Jews were stranded in Hof due to expulsion ( reception camp in Moschendorf ). After Israel was founded, only a small community of 40 to 50 people remained, which grew to around 400 in the 1990s due to the influx of Jewish quota refugees from the former USSR . After several interim solutions in the old Federal Republic, a former school building in Moschendorf was acquired as a community center in 1997 and inaugurated as a new synagogue in 1998. Since 1999 the congregation has had its own rabbi, David Goldberg.
Since 1983 a memorial plaque on the site of the old synagogue has been commemorating the Jewish community at the time and the persecution of the Jewish inhabitants in the Shoah .
From 1901 to the beginning of the 1920s, the Hof tram ran between the city and the main train station and was later replaced by city buses .
After the First World War , development weakened, but the employment figures were still very high. The upward trend was finally weakened further by the global economic crisis . In addition, the textile industry generally stopped growing.
In the years 1914-1915 the Bismarck Tower was built on the Rosenbühl (597 m above sea level ).
Second World War
From September 3, 1944 to April 14, 1945, before the end of the Second World War, there was a satellite camp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp , the Moschendorf camp , in Hof- Moschendorf , whose 100 prisoners had to do forced labor for the SS main witness office .
On February 14, 1945, 12 American "flying fortresses" attacked B-17 factory suburbs with 27.5 tons of bombs. On April 8, a heavy US attack with 101 B-17s and 281 tons of bombs followed on the station district. 280 civilians were killed in the bombing, 100 houses were destroyed and 150 were severely to moderately damaged.
Post-war period (1945–1989)
US Army troops occupied the city on April 15, 1945 on their advance to Eger and western Bohemia . Farm belonged to the entry into force of the Germany treaty in 1955 to the American occupation zone . Due to the territorial division of the former German Reich after the Second World War and the Iron Curtain , Hof was geographically in an extreme peripheral location ( zone border area ). The connections to the north and east, to Thuringia , Saxony and Bohemia were interrupted. In the district of Moschendorf , after the end of the war from 1945 to 1962, the Moschendorf reception camp was set up as the first refuge for displaced persons , especially for people from neighboring Egerland . The population of Hof and the surrounding area grew significantly as a result. New housing estates were built in the courtyard and the surrounding area and new companies were founded.
Several large buildings were built in Hof in the second half of the 20th century, such as the Kaufhof building, the Gotha high-rise and the justice building.
From 1948 to 1993 the RIAS transmitter Hof was operated on the raised barracks area on the western edge of the city. The barracks was also the location of the German Armed Forces with accommodations for the US Army to observe border activities around the border triangle .
A special feature was the border post office Hof of the Deutsche Bundespost during the German division. It was open around the clock. In 1810 the forerunner was created by merging the Royal Bavarian Post Office with the Saxon Border Post Office, was dissolved after 1871 to 1945 and was reactivated and relocated after the war in a new building next to the main train station, at Bahnhofsplatz 2. It existed until around 1990.
The Hof vocational school was opened in 1960, followed ten years later by the technical college . The court-Pirk Airport was inaugurated in the year 1969th Before that, there had been an airfield on the Hohe Saas since the 1920s . There were three major events in 1971. So the barracks were put into operation and Hof became the armed forces base , the observatory opened in Krötenbruck and a new educational institution was created with the specialist academy for social education.
In 1945 Hof received a symphony orchestra, the Hof Symphony Orchestra . In 1974 the culture was further strengthened by the opening of the new Freiheitshalle in place of the old festival hall from 1935. The name is intended to remind of the liberation from the National Socialist dictatorship . Renovated between 2009 and 2012, it now offers space for 6,000 people. The next major project came only two years later: the city council decided to build the Untreusee . This was inaugurated in 1981 as a recreational area close to the city.
In 1973 the town twinning with the French Villeneuve la Garenne near Paris was decided.
In 1974 the Bavarian Vogtland Museum was reopened in its new building. The museum has existed since 1908.
The old town and Lorenzstrasse have been pedestrian zones since 1986 .
In 1987 the cities of Hof and Plauen entered into a partnership. What was special about it was that Hof was in the Federal Republic of Germany and Plauen in the GDR , with the cities only 30 kilometers apart and having a close common history.
Border opening in 1989
The events of 1989 in the GDR particularly affected Hof due to its location near the border with Thuringia and Saxony. In the autumn of 1989, 13,600 GDR refugees came first. a. from the Prague embassy, in 14 special trains via Prague and Dresden to Hof. Citizens, volunteers and civil servants all provided enormous help. On October 1, 1989, at 6:14 a.m., the first train from Prague via Dresden, Freiberg , Karl-Marx-Stadt and Plauen arrived in Hof, after having passed the nearby Gutenfürst border station. The actual opening of the border on November 9, 1989 posed enormous challenges for the city and its citizens and caused great traffic chaos. After the opening of the border, 330,000 visitors came to the city in over 90,000 cars within three days to look and to receive the welcome money . In November and December 1989 up to 40,000 travelers arrived at Hof Central Station every day. By December 31, 1989, 20 paying offices (including the post offices) in Hof-Stadt had paid over DM 91 million in welcome money.
State Parliament President Ilse Aigner stated in 2019: "It is unique how the feeling of togetherness between West and East was expressed in Hof in autumn 1989."
Reunification in 1990 and subsequent years
After the opening of the border to Bohemia in 1989 and German reunification in 1990, old traffic connections were restored in a modified form.
In 1991 the foundation stone of the new theater was laid . It opened in 1994 with a performance by Don Giovanni . In 1995 the Bavarian Theater Days took place in Hof.
In 1994 Hof hosted the Bavarian State Garden Show . Among other things, the Theresienstein and the Saaleauen were included . In the same year the University of Applied Sciences started teaching. It was already the second university in the city.
In May 1998 the new synagogue of the Israelite religious community in Hof was inaugurated.
Hof's location in the northeast of Upper Franconia near Thuringia and Saxony required urgent motorway construction: planned from 1992 and expanded between 1996 and 2000, the A 9, the A 72 were extended and the A 93 was rebuilt. On December 15, 2000, the motorway bypass on the A 93 with the Hochfranken motorway triangle was put into operation. This made Hof the junction of a north-south and an east-west axis.
In 2003 the groundbreaking ceremony for the Hof-Gattendorf automotive supplier park took place.
Starting in 2007, the planning for the construction of the old town roof caused headlines and great public interest. The "Hofer Himmel" was supposed to bring all the shops in the old town together under one roof. The plans were rejected, however, and the project was not implemented.
Representatives from the Hofer Land also traveled to the 2011 Citizens' Forum, which was initiated by the then Federal President Christian Wulff . In 2014, Chancellor Angela Merkel and the former Bavarian Prime Minister Horst Seehofer visited Hof. In the same year, the ceremony for the 750th anniversary of the hospital foundation took place.
In 2016, the 11th Franconian Day took place in Hof under the motto Patents Franconia - Franconian Patents .
An additional train station will be built at the Jahnbrücke by 2022 , which is intended to improve local rail transport in Hof and is closer to the city center . A stop is planned for five regional lines . In addition to Kronach and Rehau, Hof will be using autonomous buses in a two-year test run from 2020. The city has been planning to use this type of transport for a long time.
The demolition of the former central purchase and the planning process for the Hof-Galerie shopping center have been in progress since 2017 . In 2019 a new investor took over the project. He also wants to build apartments in the shopping center . Therefore the development plan has to be changed. Completion is scheduled for 2022.
In spring 2019, the Dormero hotel chain started to convert the Kaufhof building in order to open a four-star hotel there after a year of construction . The upper part of the listed building will be used for hotel operations , while the lower two floors will be used as retail space .
In 2019, the city council decided to designate a new residential area on Rosenbühl. It is planned to build 55 living spaces. The residential area in the east of the city is also being expanded. The city would need more new residential areas in order to be able to respond to the increased demand.
September 2019 marked the 50th anniversary of the Hof- Joensuu town twinning . As part of this there was a German-Finnish folk festival, to which, among other things, a ten-person delegation from the Finnish city was present.
Schoolchildren and young people also got involved in climate protection in Hof in 2019, with several Fridays for Future demonstrations taking place. Over 400 people took part in the largest demonstration. The city has had a climate protection manager since 2019.
In June there was also a Black Lives Matter demonstration in Hof .
With various construction projects, cultural highlights and tourist attractions, the city plans to become a modern and livable regional metropolis in the triangle of Bavaria, Saxony and Thuringia.
History of the campus
The Faculty of General Internal Administration was founded in 1975 and began teaching in the same year. In 1982 she moved into her current building. In 1994 the University of Applied Sciences was opened in Hof. In 2000, the University of Applied Sciences became a member of the Virtual University of Bavaria and the Institute for Information Systems was opened in 2013. The campus grew by the water institute and the digital start-up center Einstein 1 until 2019 . From the 2019/2020 winter semester, the range of courses at Hof University will be expanded to include the electrical engineering course . The number of enrollments at the university for the public service rose by 70 percent in 2017 to almost 700. In 2020, the Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder promised that the university will receive 208 new study places. The previous technical school in Selb is to become a university and thus a department of the Hof University of Applied Sciences.
About 4600 people lived in Hof around 1800. During the industrialization the population rose to over 30,000. Until the 1930s there was almost full employment, especially in the cotton mills. At the end of the Second World War , 55,000 people lived in Hof. The population of Hof had its highest level so far around 1950 with almost 64,000 inhabitants. Since then the number of inhabitants has decreased continuously. The fall of the Iron Curtain brought a renewed rise, which then weakened again around the year 2000. The low point was reached in 2014 at around 44,000 people, and the city has been growing again since then. The number of births experienced an increase of 23% in 2017 compared to the previous year, it was the largest increase in births in Upper Franconia. In 2018, the Citizens' Registration Office put the population at 47,296 main residences.
Currently about 45% are Protestant Christians , 20% Catholics and 35% others (of another or no denomination or religion ).
On April 1, 1906, the previously independent municipalities Hofeck and Moschendorf were incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Unterkotzau and part of the communities Martinsreuth and Wölbattendorf were added. Parts of the dissolved municipality of Leimitz followed on January 1, 1977, parts of the dissolved municipality of Haidt and the remainder of the municipality of Wölbattendorf on May 1, 1978. The former municipalities can still be read from the landmarks.
Over time, three suburbs have developed around the city center:
- Lower suburb, called suburb, in the north
- Factory suburb east of the Saale
- Suburb of Rauschenbach or Bahnhofsviertel in the south
The town, which was laid out north of an existing farming settlement around 1230, was initially given names by the population such as “Regnitzhof” or “Hof Regnitz”, which were later shortened to “am Hof” or “zum Hof” and finally to “Hof”. In Hof, the medieval town with its walls and gates is called the new town , the older rural settlement outside the gates is called the old town . Other common names were Hof im Vogtlande (in the 18th century) and Hof in Bavaria (in the 19th century).
To distinguish it from other places with the name “Hof” , formulations with geographical additions such as “Hof an der Saale” (or “Hof / Saale”) or Hof in Bavaria are used. The city on the Saale is often mentioned in media reports.
Perception of the city
- Margravine Wilhelmine von Bayreuth spoke in the middle of the 18th century about the Hofer nobility at the time, from whom she could not win anything at all: “Her coarse manners were in perfect harmony with her appearance; you could have taken them for peasants. "
- Jean Paul attended high school in Hof and spent a few years in the city. In The Invisible Lodge he had taken the supposed disregard of the Hofer for his work as an issue. At first he had said about the city it was “without taste and without patriotism and without reading”, later he was forgiving and wrote that in Hof he had suffered the worst, but wrote the best.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe stopped in Hof several times on his travels to the Bohemian spa triangle . In 1812 he wrote to his wife about Hof: “Nice location of the Gasthof zum Hirsch in front of the Oberthor, great liveliness, pretty girls, lively children, a lot of mobility. Not to forget the many trucks that, heavily loaded, partly came towards us, partly drove past us in Hof. Countless children's carriages. Quite benevolence. "
- The film critic Hanns-Georg Rodek commented on the Hofer Filmtage : "Hof is still the showcase of German cinema after the Berlinale, but before Munich."
First Mayor and Lord Mayor
List of the first mayors or mayors since the introduction of the Bavarian municipal code in 1818 :
|Term of office||Surname||comment|
|1818-1846||Georg Friedrich Samuel von Oerthel|
|1847||Johann Adam Laubmann|
|1848-1849||Christoph Theodor Schroen|
|1849-1857||Moritz Ernst Freiherr von Waldenfels|
|1857-1882||Hermann von Münch||From 1856 to 1869 and from 1875 to 1881 von Münch was a member of the Bavarian State Parliament for the Progress Party .|
|1883-1903||Carl von Mann|
|1919-1933||Karl Buhl||On Buhl's initiative, the new hospital, new bridges and roads, the urban bus network and the technical works were built in Hof.|
|1933-1941||Richard Wendler ( NSDAP )|
|1941-1945||Friedrich Rammenee (NSDAP)|
|1950-1970||Hans Högn ( SPD )||From 1950 to 1966 Högn represented the Hof constituency in the Bavarian state parliament.|
|1970-1988||Hans Heun ( CSU )||Heun studied economics and social sciences in Nuremberg, receiving his doctorate in 1955. From 1978 to 1994 he was a member of the District Assembly of Upper Franconia and Deputy District Assembly President.|
|1988-2006||Dieter Döhla (SPD)||Döhla's tenure was shaped by important issues. Reunification fell into his term of office, as did the establishment of the university , the state horticultural show and the new building of the theater . Döhla studied law and is now a lawyer.|
|2006-2020||Harald Fichtner (CSU)||Fichtner had set himself the goal of stopping the demographic change and maintaining the city's attractiveness for the future. He studied law and political science and worked as a lawyer until his tenure .|
|since 2020||Eva Döhla (SPD)||Döhla is the first female mayor since 1818. Her main focus is on promoting the inner city and strengthening people affected by poverty. After completing her studies, Döhla worked as a journalist and completed part-time studies at the University of Basel.|
The local elections on March 15, 2020 led to the result shown on the right and the resulting distribution of seats in the city council (with comparative figures from previous elections; n.k. = not running):
|Party / list||2002||2008||2014||2020|
|Free Active Citizens (FAB)||6th||10||7th||5|
|Party for francs||nk||nk||2||1|
coat of arms
|Blazon : “In red, two black jointed silver tin towers with pointed roofsgrowing from a common base. At the bottom a black sign with a silver border with a red-tongued, red-armored and red-crowned golden lion. "|
Justification for the coat of arms: The towers connected below are based on the formerly fortified Neustadt in Hof an der Saale, which has had the characteristics of a town since the middle of the 13th century. The lion is borrowed from the coat of arms of the Vögte von Weida and the coat of arms of the later House of Wittelsbach . After changes to the coat of arms over the centuries, King Ludwig I confirmed the coloring and today's coat of arms with a depiction of the towers from 1571 on request.
For a city flag with a coat of arms, the administration of the city of Hof was approved by the responsible ministry in Munich to display the coat of arms from 1840.
Older versions of the coat of arms show an angel between the towers and a wild man next to the towers . The two towers are partly labeled A and N. The letters stand for A ntiqua civitas and N ova civitas, so for Hofer A ltstadt and the N eustadt.
City coats of arms can be found today in the cityscape in the following places:
- at the town hall, side to Ludwigstrasse,
- at the organ loft in the Protestant town church St. Michaelis,
- at the gym of the old town school at the corner of Marienstraße / Luitpoldstraße,
- at the Hotel Strauss at the corner of Pfarr / Bismarckstrasse,
- at the town house on the corner of Ernst-Reuter-Straße / Ossecker Straße, diagonally opposite the tax office.
Awards and honors
- The Golden Citizen Medal is awarded to people who have made a special contribution to the reputation of the city of Hof or its citizens. The award winners must live in Hof.
- The Golden Ring of Honor is awarded for the same reasons, but the bearers do not have to be residents of the city of Hof.
- The Medal of Honor is awarded to people who have made long years of service to the city of Hof or its citizens. The porters do not have to be citizens of Hof.
- The Johann-Christian-Reinhart-Plakette is awarded to people through whose artistic, literary, local history and monument preservation, but also organizational activities, the cultural life in the city of Hof is promoted.
- The certificate of thanks and honor for social merits is awarded to people who volunteer for society or charities. A badge of honor is also awarded.
- The City of Hof Film Prize is awarded at the Hof International Film Festival to filmmakers who are closely associated with Hof and the festival. The award winners are usually not represented with work in the official program in the award year.
The city of Hof maintains city partnerships with the following locations:
- Cheb (German Eger ) in the Czech Republic
- Joensuu in the south east of Finland
- Ogden in Utah , United States
- Plauen in Saxony
- Villeneuve-la-Garenne near Paris
There is also a friendship between the cities of Karlovy Vary (German Karlsbad ) in the Czech Republic .
The city also maintains an environmental partnership ( know-how transfer and student exchange ) with Caruaru in Brazil .
Study by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation
The study Unequals Germany - Socio-Economic Disparities Report 2019 by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung examined the quality of life and the conditions in German cities and districts in 2019. The city of Hof was classified in the highest category of dynamic large and medium-sized cities with a risk of exclusion .
Study by ZDF
In a study by ZDF in 2019 on the subject of Where do families live best? The city came in 54th. The categories of education and social affairs, leisure and culture, health and safety, and money and housing were examined. In the last category, the city of Hof made it to second place in Germany. The city ranked first in the family hikers sub-category. Other subcategories such as broadband internet access (7th place), general practitioner density (15th place), leisure activities (16th place) and gastronomy (32nd place) also performed extremely well.
Rent and living
Rents have been rising slightly for years. There are currently 9,530 buildings and 27,069 apartments in the city.
According to a statement by the city's press spokesman, there is currently great demand for building land. The designation of two new building areas also suggests growth in residential real estate.
The city of Hof has very good prerequisites for broadband expansion. In 2016, the share of supply with 50 Mbit per second was between 95% and 99%.
Culture and sights
The oldest musical manuscript in Hof dates from the 12th century. The office of town piper and tower keeper in Hof has been occupied since 1360 . The first Hof organ described was the swallow's nest organ of the monastery church in 1376. In 1586 the Convivium Musicum was founded , an association of 12 musicians, in which the mayor also played. In the 17th century the town pipers were renamed town musicians. They made music on festive urban occasions and had to be available to the city cantor for Sunday and festival music (city cantors have been named since 1520). In 1822 the first Hofer theater with drama and opera was built. The municipal orchestra was founded in 1871. It was under the direction of the first city music director Carl Gottlieb Scharschmidt. After the Second World War, music director Karl F. Keller re-founded the orchestra in 1945, initially as the Hof concert orchestra; later it was renamed the Hofer Symphoniker .
In Hof there are two historically valuable organs that are under monument protection, in the Protestant town church St. Michaelis the Heidenreich organ from 1828 with 63 stops and 3 manuals , restored in 2006/2007 by Karl Schuke Berlin organ building workshop and in the catholic town church St. Marien the Steinmeyer organ from 1885 with 24 stops and 2 manuals, restored in 1994/1995 by Johannes Klais Orgelbau .
Music care institutions and groups
- Music at the Protestant town church : Alumni foundation ( Kurrende ) since 1515, Kantorei St.-Michaelis-Kantorei (founded 1938) and CVJM trombone choir (founded 1954), direction: City and Dean Chantor Georg Stanek
- Music at the Catholic city church : children's choir , youth band , church choir (founded in 1837), Capella Mariana chamber choir (founded in 2013) and choral schola , conducted by Ludger Stühlmeyer, the city and dean's chant
- Hof men's choir (founded 1883)
- Mixed choir Hof-Moschendorf (founded 1906), conductor: Fritz Walther
- Hofer Symphoniker (founded 1945), artistic director: Ingrid Schrader
- Theater Hof (founded 1946), artistic director: Reinhardt Friese
- Music school of the district of Hof (founded 1953), headed by Eva Gräbner
- Capella Curia (founded 1972), head: Wolfgang Maier
- Music school of the Hof Symphony Orchestra: instrumental and vocal lessons, ensembles and choirs (founded in 1978), director: Gabriele Jahn
- Rekkenze Brass, brass quintet (founded 1978)
- Youth Symphony Orchestra Hof (founded in 1994), conductor: Benjamin Sebald
- Kammerchor Hof (founded 1997), conductor: Wolfgang Weser
- International Violin Competition Henri Marteau , Lichtenberg und Hof (founded in 1999), jury chairman: Gilbert Varga
- Gospel choir Joy in belief (founded in 2000), conductor: Marina Seidel
- Grandparents' Choir Hof (founded in 2002), conductor: Robert Eller
The tradition of drama has been documented in Hof since the Middle Ages. Initially there were liturgical games, school theater and performances by traveling actors. In 1822 a permanent theater was housed in the secularized monastery. At the end of the 18th century, the “Pfaffs Colosseum” was built, a house that meets larger requirements. It was replaced in 1994 by a new building on Kulmbacher Strasse. The Theater Hof is a multi-branch theater for the areas of music theater , drama , ballet as well as children's and youth theater . A “creative scene” has developed in recent years.
The Hof observatory is located in the district of Krötenbruck and is part of the Hof Adult Education Center. Among other things, it owns one of the largest telescopes in Bavaria . Visitors can take part in various guided tours on different topics. The Astroteam meets publicly every Friday in the observatory to deal with astronomical topics.
Botanical garden courtyard
At Theresienstein , one of the oldest public parks in Bavaria, the botanical garden with a pond, alpine garden, school garden, medicinal herb garden and rosarium was created in 1929 . The garden is divided into two large areas, the geometrically laid out rosarium with differently planted rose quarters and the adjoining, more landscaped garden with alpine plants, water lily pond, shady quarters and extensive shrubbery areas. In 1994 the botanical garden was part of the Bavarian State Garden Show .
The Hof Zoological Garden was founded in 1954. 605 animals live on around two hectares . Different species of birds, parakeets , birds of prey , different types of monkeys, as well as fish, amphibians , reptiles and mammals from South America live in the zoo . The zoo has several enclosures, aviaries, open terrariums, the savannah house and an Amazon basin . In 2018, the zoo reported a visitor record of around 65,000 visitors. That was a high since visitor statistics were introduced in 2001.
The Freiheitshalle is the largest event hall in northeast Bavaria. Since the general renovation in 2012, it offers space for 6100 people in the unseated version. Mainly large TV productions, musicals as well as trade fairs and exhibitions take place in the Freiheitshalle.
There is also a civil society in the old town . The house was built in 1846 and renovated by Hans Vießmann in 1996 . It consists of a large foyer, a seminar room, the large hall with surrounding gallery and stage as well as a kitchen with bar, everything is in Art Nouveau style. It offers space for celebrations and balls, concerts and seminars. The annual foolish sweep of the civil society is broadcast on Bavarian radio .
- The Johann-Christian-Reinhart-Cabinet right next to the Museum Bayerisches Vogtland shows works by the painter Johann Christian Reinhart, who was born in Hof . In a virtual gallery, which is divided between the Museum Bayerisches Vogtland and the Johann-Christian-Reinhart-Cabinett, the city of Hof makes an art collection of around 2,400 works accessible to the public in digitized form.
- The Kunstverein Hof regularly organizes art exhibitions in the Art Nouveau building on Theresienstein .
- Art exhibitions are also held regularly in the KUNSTpassageHOF at the Freiheitshalle.
- Sometimes there are also art exhibitions in the foyer of the Freiheitshalle .
- The Hoftex Event Hall, a former factory hall, belongs to the Hoftex Group and has been converted into a modern event hall. It is the venue for the Hoftexplosion art festival with the theme of modern urban art.
- The Bavarian Vogtland Museum in the historic hospital building houses a collection on Hof's urban and art history. In 2012 a new section on the history of refugees and displaced persons in Hof was created.
- In the Buchta Bakery Museum in Sophienstrasse you can get to know all the facets and the history of the craft.
- The Wirth Match Museum contains the world's largest collection of match vehicles and a replica of Dresden's old town .
In the surrounding area are the Fernwehpark Oberkotzau , the Erika-Fuchs-Haus in Schwarzenbach an der Saale , the Jean-Paul-Museum in Joditz and the open-air museum on the former inner-German border in Mödlareuth .
Hof is an organically grown city. Despite the destruction in the Bahnhofsviertel and the factory suburbs during the Second World War, the inner city remained relatively undamaged. The Hofer center is in the list of 300 most significant historic town centers in Germany of the time included magazine,. A medieval street market (old town) was joined by a late medieval founding town (Neustadt with Ludwigstrasse). This had a planned floor plan and was rebuilt in Biedermeier style after a serious fire in 1823 . The result is an important, closed Biedermeier town of art-historical importance, which has been almost completely preserved.
At the end of the 19th century, in the course of industrialization, a large Wilhelminian-style district was created around Marienstrasse and Bahnhofstrasse as well as the Theresienstein public park with the Art Nouveau farm building in a country house ambience and the artificial ruin with the 16 m high observation tower on the Labyrinthberg.
Other structural dominants in the cityscape are the town hall with its octagonal tower that can be climbed, the watch tower as part of an alarm system in the late Middle Ages , the boarding hall of the old train station (the second oldest preserved train hall in Germany), the main train station and the Bismarck tower at Rosenbühl. In the last few centuries, many formerly independent communities have been incorporated. Most of these have preserved town centers. These have grown into a coherent area through development since the early 20th century. That is why there are many other old town buildings in the urban area in addition to the inner city. Most of the incorporated places had grown organically before their incorporation, some also have Wilhelminian-style areas that were created during industrialization.
The theater, which was newly built at the end of the 20th century, and the Freiheitshalle opposite , which were completely renovated and rebuilt at the beginning of the 21st century, form a contrast .
- The Marienkirche was built in 1864. It is the main Catholic church in the old town and the seat of the north-easternmost Catholic deanery of the Archdiocese of Bamberg . It is a neo-Gothic hall church with a ribbed vault and completely preserved neo-Gothic furnishings: high altar, four side altars, baptistery, pulpit and a program of figures that ties in with the Franciscan tradition of the city (13th to 16th centuries). The apostles Peter and Paul and the diocese patrons, the imperial couple Heinrich and Kunigunde , are depicted in the choir windows . The completely preserved romantic Steinmeyer organ from 1885 with mechanical cone chests was restored in 1994/95 by the organ building company Klais (Bonn). The celebration altar, ambo and lecture cross are by the Munich artist Klaus Backmund (1987). St. Mary's is a memorial site with a bust of the martyr of the Berlin cathedral provost Bernhard Lichtenberg, who died in Hof in 1943 and was beatified by Pope John Paul II on June 23, 1996 . In 2000 the town church of St. Marien was completely restored.
- The Michaelis Church emerged as Kapellenbau around the year 1230 and was from 1380 to 1386, a three-nave church. From 1480 to 1582 further extensions took place. The former altar of Michaeliskirche, the so-called Hofer Altar from the workshop of Hans Pleydenwurff (1465), has been kept in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich since 1811 . Michaelis Church was destroyed in the great Hofer city fire of 1823. The reconstruction in its present form took place from 1826 to 1829. The valuable Heidenreich organ was built in 1834 and restored in 2007 by the Berlin organ building company Schuke. The St. Michaelis Church is the main Protestant church and the seat of the Protestant dean.
- The St. Lorenz Church is the oldest church in Hof. The "Großpfarrei Hof" was first mentioned in writing in a document from the pleban Albertus on the feast of St. Catherine of Alexandria in 1214. The Lorenz Church is known as the "mother church of northeast Upper Franconia". It is furnished in the classical style (1822/23). Three panels of the Hertnid Altar (15th century, named after the founder, Pleban Hertnid von Stein ), have been put together like a wing .
- The hospital church in front of the walls of the medieval city at the lower gate was built together with the hospital (arm hospital) in 1268 on the Saale. It still has the late Gothic St. Mary's altar from 1511 and is equipped with a coffered ceiling (1688).
- The monastery church was the church of both Hofer monasteries. A church was mentioned at this point as early as 1292, between 1351 and 1376 it was fundamentally rebuilt in Gothic style. In 1802, after Hof had become Prussian, it was profaned. In the meantime it served as a theater, among other things. In 1902 it was torn down and the Neustadt school built on the same site.
- The Hof monastery in the Neustadt was the seat of a Franciscan and a Poor Clare order until the Reformation .
- The Church of the Resurrection (Protestant) in the southern district of Moschendorf was built in 1929. It is the only one of the Hof churches that still has its own cemetery.
- The St. John's Church was (Protestant) in 1937 built Gartla in the eastern part of town. It has an exposed tower with a clock tower.
- The Christ Church (Protestant) was built in 1939 in the western part of Münster .
- The Luther Church (Protestant) was built in 1956 and is located in the northern district of Hofeck .
- The Dreieinigkeitskirche (Protestant) from 1961 is located in the south-western district of Krötenbruck
- The Kreuzkirche (Protestant) from 1963 is in the Hohensaas district .
- The St. Otto Church (Roman Catholic), built in 1963 in the southern district of Moschendorf, was initially built in 1945 as an emergency church after the Second World War in the former transit and refugee camp Hof-Moschendorf. It is a branch church of St. Mary's Church. However, it will be demolished in the future.
- The St. Pius Church (Roman Catholic) was built in 1977 as a modern tent-roof-shaped church in the western part of Münster. It is a branch church of the St. Konrad Church in Hof.
- The cemetery chapel is also part of the municipal cemetery
- The Seventh-day Adventist Church have a community in Hof
- There is a New Apostolic Church in the west of the city
- The Paulus Chapel is a Methodist Church in the city center .
- The Hof synagogue was consecrated in 1998 and has had a rabbi since 1999. It belongs to the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Hof.
The Hofer Rathaus was inaugurated on December 23, 1566. It is one of the oldest buildings in the city. In its history it was often destroyed by wars and fires, so that it was rebuilt in 1823 in the neo-Gothic style on the old foundation walls. When it was built, it served as a model for the Weimar town hall . In 2016 the 450th anniversary of the town hall was celebrated.
City Hall, the Ludwig street seen from
The hospital was founded in 1268 as an old people's and poor house at the lower gate outside the city walls. There was a ditch behind the building until the early 20th century, which turned the rear part of the Lower Suburb into an island. Later it was filled in. Today the hospital houses an old people's home and the Bavarian Vogtland Museum. Of the buildings, the cellar house, the beneficiary's house, the convent room and the officials' house still stand on the north side of the courtyard. The hospital church belongs to the hospital.
The Lower Stone Bridge is the oldest bridge in Hof. It was built in 1706 and has always led across the Saale in the lower suburbs. The bridge crosses the river with three arches and has ice breakers on the supports. The renovation of the bridge began in mid-2017. However, this was delayed considerably, as remains of the wall from the 13th century were found during the work. The renovation was completed in 2018.
In the city center only a few houses from the time before the city fire of 1823 have survived. The Inkurabel is a listed building on the corner of Pfarr / Lorenzstraße , which was built around 1716 for the terminally ill. In the recent past a bar was housed in it, and it was also used as an event room. The Lorenzkirche , a half-timbered house built in 1700, was also spared the town fire.
In the Biedermeier period, large town houses and city palaces were built in Ludwigstrasse , mostly with colorful facades. They usually have a central projection and were built in the early 19th century after the city fire of 1823. The master builder Püttner designed several palaces in Ludwigstrasse.
Around 1900, large representative buildings for public institutions such as schools and authorities were built again in the Neustadt .
In 1889, the Hof textile manufacturer and member of the Reichstag, Walther Münch-Ferber, had the Münch-Ferber Villa built in Italian classicism west of Neustadt. The villa fell into disrepair after 1945 and was renovated in 2012. The Hofeck Castle in the same district has a long history with many owners. Hans Vießmann had it converted into a training center. The Waldenfels estate is located in the Westend , the Stelzenhof in Moschendorf and the Sachs manor in Krötenbruck .
Bismarck Tower on Rosenbühl
Hofer watch tower on the Wartberg
Walkable Johann-Georg-August-Wirth monument in front of the Freiheitshalle
Memorial to Heinrich Gottfried Gerber and the Gerber carrier on Ernst-Reuter-Strasse between Äußerer Bayreuther Strasse and Ossecker Strasse
Memorial for General Post Director Heinrich von Stephan in the form of a late Gothic grave slab on the corner of Ernst-Reuter-Strasse 23 and Stephanstrasse on a garden wall; Stephan founded the Universal Postal Union in 1874
Rudolf-Lion monument on Jahnsportplatz in Westend
Warm-up Lamo monument at Sonnenplatz
Memorial in the Moschendorf camp on the corner of Wunsiedler Strasse and Ostpreußenstrasse
Displaced persons monument on the corner of Blücherstrasse and Ossecker Strasse
Way of St. James - Monument at the Marienkirche; on the site of the Catholic church there used to be the Gasthaus zum Pilgrim, an inn on the Way of St. James
Green spaces and recreation
- At the municipal cemetery in Plauener Straße, which is the general burial place of all citizens, there are also the graves of two unknown concentration camp victims , who are commemorated with a memorial stone, as well as war graves .
- On the cemetery Moschendorf only citizens are buried who live in streets that were on at the incorporation of former town Moschendorf. The cemetery is located on the grounds of the Church of the Resurrection .
- 142 Jewish concentration camp prisoners who were victims of Nazi forced labor are buried in the cemetery of the Israelite community on the Hohe Saas .
Parks, baths and protected landscape areas
- The largest park in Hof is the Theresienstein public park with a botanical and zoological garden . Its history goes back to the beginning of the 19th century. The park was part of the State Garden Show in 1994 and was voted the most beautiful park in Germany in 2003.
- The Saaleauen also belonged to the state horticultural show. The park stretches along the left side of the hall and has several lawns, benches and a pavilion.
- The Wittelsbacherpark with the memorial for the annexation of Hof to Bavaria is located in the Bahnhofsviertel , between Sophienstrasse, Theresienstraße and Sophienschule.
- Pools in Hof are the HofBad , an indoor pool with wellness facilities and the HofSauna, the outdoor pool on Ascher Strasse with a 100-meter double slide and the Rosenbühl indoor swimming pool at the school center, which is used by students and clubs.
- The Untreusee in the district of Moschendorf is embedded in a local recreation area.
- There are five designated landscape protection areas in Hof .
Particularly noteworthy are the sausage specialties from Hof: Hofer Brodwärschd (Hofer Bratwurst ), they are finer and leaner than their direct neighbors, the Thuringian, Coburg and Franconian bratwursts, real Hofer Leberkäse and Hofer beef sausage . Far away Hofer mourn especially the sausage and beer specialties.
Hof is known in the wider area for its beer . Beer has been brewed in Hof since the 14th century. There used to be ten breweries in Hof, today there are only two breweries, some of which are still based on communal brewing rights. Hofer beer is available as draft beer, ice beer, light / lager, Pils, export, dark, cellar beer, Märzen, Bock light, Bock dark, Doppelbock light, Doppelbock dark, wheat draft beer, crystal wheat, light wheat beer, dark wheat beer and wheat bock. The alcohol content varies between 2.7 and 8 percent. Today beer of the brands Meinel-Bräu and Scherdel is produced in Hof. The closed breweries include well-known names such as Zeltbräu (closed in 2011), Falter Brewery (closed in 2008) or Bürgerbräu Hof (closed in 2007).
A typical dish in Hof is the Hofer Schnitz , a stew that can be compared to the Pichelsteiner . The name Schnitz comes from the fact that all ingredients are cut. As a mushroom dish, it bears the name Schwammaschnitz, which is a stew with traditionally self-picked sponge ( mushrooms ).
City original Wärschtlamo
One of the trademarks of the city is the Hofer Wärschtlamo (high German: sausage man), which traditionally stands in the old town of Hof and serves his "Wienerla, Bauern und Weißen mit Sempft" ( Viennese sausages , Debreziner and white sausages with mustard ) straight from the kettle. sold.
Hof International Film Festival
The Hof International Film Festival takes place every year in October on six days in two cinemas. "HOF" is the abbreviation for "Home Of Films", said Wim Wenders about the Hof Festival. In 1967, the student Heinz Badewitz organized a two-and-a-half-hour cinema evening with his own films in Hof with his bandmates (New Jazz Group) Werner Weinelt and Uwe Brandner . They called this the 1st Hof Short Film Festival . The idea came about after disappointing experiences at the “Oberhausen Short Film Festival” and because the conditions in their study city of Munich were difficult and the rents were too high. This was the hour of birth of the Hof International Film Festival . The festival continued to develop under the direction of Heinz Badewitz. In four decades it has developed into one of the most prestigious German film festivals, where the young directors show their debut films to the public for the first time. The major trends such as the New German Cinema directors such as Werner Herzog , Wim Wenders and Volker Schlöndorff or the comedy boom of the eighties (z. B. Men by Doris Dorrie ) were placed in the courtyard. The Hof Film Festival does not award any prizes. Various carriers, u. a. the city of Hof, but over the years have docked with the Film Festival to award prizes on the fringes of the festival, including the City of Hof Film Prize, the Eastman Sponsorship Prize, a prize for the best production design and a prize for visual film criticism. The German Film Prize was awarded for the first time in 2005 for outstanding achievements in film technology (e.g. sound, editing). A similar event is SEHquenz , a film week with a presentation of current German films.
The Hofer Volksfest is the largest festival in the region. It takes place every year at the end of July / beginning of August at the Volksfestplatz in Hof and lasts ten days. The Freedom Hall on the fairground serves as a festival hall during the festival. The folk festival begins on the Friday before the Hof summer fair. The summer fair itself begins on the Monday after Jakobi (July 25th). The festival ends on Sunday after a week. The Hof breweries alternately serve their beer in the festival hall and in the beer garden. There is an extensive amusement park on the Volksfestplatz with many rides, lottery booths and snack stands. On the opening day, the great parade of the Hof clubs and organizations takes place. After a week, on the second Friday of the Volksfest, after dark, a large brilliant fireworks display will be burned down for the festival visitors near the fairground.
The Schlappentag takes place one week after Whit Monday and is one of the traditional Hof festivals. After the city was destroyed by the Hussites, the Hofers turned to the Margrave of Brandenburg . He granted them ten years tax exemption on the condition that the people of Hof purchase weapons to defend themselves. A rifle guild was founded, the shooters also had to compete in competitions. Most of them only rushed to the shooting house on the last day, during which the target practice had to be completed, so that because of the rush they mostly wore wooden shoes (= slippers). In the run-up to Schlappentag, celebrations such as the Hussite tour and the Schlappenschießen are held. The Schlappenkönig is determined, who then represents all Hofer shooting clubs and the guilds. On Schlappentag there is a big parade followed by a party.
Upper Franconia exhibition
The Upper Franconian Exhibition (Ofra) Messe Hof every two years in spring in the Freiheitshalle and on the Volksfestplatz is a trade fair and performance show for the regional economy.
Calendar of events
February: Grand meeting of the Narhalla, Hof Wine Fair
March: Narhalla carnival, Narhalla carnival sweep, Absolvinator tapping, Girls Day
April: Night of Fashion, Lifestyle Garden Fair
May: Inner courtyard concerts, promenade concerts, German-Czech friendship day, Hof pub night, Hof city and citizens' festival
June: Culture Night, Schlappentag, IN.DIE.musik Festival, Hof Environment Day, Rock im Hof, International Pole Vault Meeting, Rose Festival
July: Dragon boat regatta, Rock am Stein, Frankenpost company run, Night of the Senses, Hof Sports Fair, Ifl - Gealan - Triathlon, Hofer Volksfest
August: City run Plauen-Hof, Saaleauenfest, Foodtruck Festival
September: Hof Chilli Festival, World Children's Day, Contacta study and career fair, Hof autumn market
October: Hofexplosion, Radio Euroherz Park & See Lauf, Hof International Film Festival
November and December: German-German Film Days, Hof Economic Forum, Hof Christmas Market
- Weekly market every Wednesday and Saturday on Maxplatz and Ludwigstrasse
- Theme market once a month
- Street flea market every first Sunday of the month on Karolinenstrasse
- Sunday shopping on the German-Czech Friendship Day (May 5th in the city center)
- Hof Autumn Market Sunday (September 29 in the city center)
- Film days open on Sunday (October 27 in the city area)
Economy and Infrastructure
Hof is the seat of authorities, institutions and companies. Around 250,000 people live in the city's catchment area.
Hof was a classic industrial and trading town. Similar to other cities in the region, such as Plauen , the largest industry in Hof was the textile industry . Mainly because of the textile industry and the cotton processed there, Hof got the nickname "Bavarian Manchester ". Hof was a rather wealthy city due to the large businesses. In addition, the porcelain industry was represented in the city with Moschendorf porcelain as the most famous manufacturer. With 10 breweries in the past , Hof has been the most important brewery location in Upper Franconia after Kulmbach since the 15th century .
Key data of the economy
In 2016, Hof generated a gross domestic product (GDP) of 1.847 billion euros within the city limits . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 41,114 (Bavaria: € 44,215, Germany € 38,180) and thus above the national average. In 2016, there were around 34,000 gainfully employed people in the city. The city is one of the most important business locations in Northern Bavaria . The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 5.3% and thus well above the Bavarian average of 2.7% (in the Hof district it is 2.7%).
In the future atlas 2019 , the independent city of Hof (Saale) took 268th place out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future.
According to a study by GfK (Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung) GeoMarketing on GfK retail centrality from 2015, the city of Hof ranks eighth among the ten top cities and districts that are attractive to the catchment area of a shopping city. The attraction lies in the fact that a shopping city can tie up more purchasing power than its residents have available on their own. The value 100 means that just as much purchasing power is implemented in a location as is available there. In the city of Hof, the value is 182.8. The city of Straubing had the highest value with 224.2 .
Industry and manufacturing
The most important employer, measured in terms of the number of employees subject to social security contributions, is the retail sector, followed by the healthcare sector, the textile industry, the logistics division and the banking sector. There are also companies that manufacture cold stores, underwater pumps, sewage treatment equipment, electric drives, and steel and light metal components.
The most important branch of industry in Hof outside the service sector is the textile and clothing industry. With the neighboring districts of Hof, Kulmbach and Bayreuth, the economic area is one of the three most important textile locations in Germany. Important representatives are the Hoftex Group and the Neuhof spinning mill .
- Hof was a center of beer brewing. At the beginning of the 20th century there were twelve breweries in Hof:
Meinel-Bräu (Georg Meinel, Meinel-Bräu)
Scherdel beer (Bernhard Scherdel)
(Heinrich) Schmidt's heirs (Schmidts Heiner)
Karl Schuster ( wheat beer )
Gg. Weidner (Georg Weidner)
Karl Zelt ( Schlappenbier )
Meinel-Bräu still exists independently today and the Scherdel brewery continues to work in Hof under the umbrella of the Kulmbacher brewery . All other breweries have stopped production. The Falter brewery came with the incorporation of Unterkotzau into the city of Hof. It stopped production in mid-2008. Despite being taken over by the Scherdel Brewery in 2010, the Zelt brewery ceased brewing. The brewery's main business was mainly the Schlappenbier, which was only produced by it. Since the closure, Schlappenbier has been brewed by the Scherdel brewery. The Bürgerbräu Hof brewery has also ceased to exist for a few years.
- Hof has always been the location of larger freight forwarding companies such as M&M Militzer & Münch . Since the turn of 1990, other logistics companies have settled here. In 2002 a Döhlau-based forwarding company set up a loading terminal for container trains at Hof Central Station and expanded it several times.
- In the automotive industry, the Pole Position automotive supplier park was created in Hof and Gattendorf .
- The headquarters of the private regional bank Schmidtbank was located in Hof . In 2001 it ran into great economic difficulties and the headquarters were closed. Some special credit institutions and service providers continue to use the existing know-how. A relevant focus has been set up at the Hof University of Applied Sciences . A building of the former SchmidtBank headquarters houses the Hof office of the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (LFU) , which was set up in 2006 .
- The DAX-listed company Fresenius Medical Care also has its legal seat in Hof. There is no branch.
- In 2018, the then Bavarian Minister of Economic Affairs, Franz Josef Pschierer, considered a possible German location for the US car manufacturer Tesla Inc. in Hofer Land .
- The Munich car manufacturer BMW has been testing cars at Hof Airport since the decline of scheduled air traffic. Different situations are simulated for future models. Autonomous driving is also being tested.
- In the business park Hochfranken and automotive supplier park pole position is settled automotive suppliers and logistics companies to. The industrial park belongs to the city of Hof and the municipality of Gattendorf . In 2020, the US company Amazon wants to create a logistics center with 1,000 jobs on the site.
Currently important companies
- Nexans Power Accessories Germany GmbH
- DEG Deutsche Elektro-Gruppe Elektrogroßhandel GmbH
- BWF Tec GmbH & Co. KG BWF Protec
- Automobiltechnikum Bayern GmbH
- Druckguss Hof GmbH
- Stadtwerke Hof
- Sana Clinic Hof
- DB Regio Nordostbayern
- German Post AG
- Building cooperative yard
- University of Applied Sciences Hof
- University of Applied Sciences AIV Hof
- Sparkasse Hochfranken
- Fondsdepot Bank GmbH
- Hoftex Group
- Wilo SE factory in Hof
- Concentric Hof GmbH
- Scherdel Bier GmbH & Co. KG
- Honeywell Fall Protection Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG
- Viessmann Hof branch
- Viessmann cooling systems GmbH
- Printing center
Services and retail
- Since 2000, the establishment of call centers has created jobs in the low-wage service sector. Hof is also the center of many other services, the most notable representatives of which are Weiherer Reisen GmbH & Co., Vodafone , Müller , NKD and Wöhrl . In 2020 the Hof Galerie, a shopping center owned by the Luxembourg investor Mesa Development and the Activ Group from Upper Swabia will complement the shopping opportunities. The Hofer retail trade is one of the most popular in Germany . In a study, Hof ranks eighth among 132 German municipalities in terms of customer satisfaction.
- The Marktkauf and Kaufland branches are smaller shopping centers, including hairdressers, flower shops, smaller restaurants and snack bars, and the Expert electronics store in Marktkauf.
- The city of Hof has developed a website together with retailers, in which almost all Hofer shops are presented and can therefore be found on a joint website. Another advantage is that smaller shops also have a website.
- The city also wants to establish retail in the digital media of the 21st century. By means of an influencer project, the city is trying to set modern impulses for the urban economy. A blogger introduces the city and its stories, sights, shops and other topics on her blog.
- A consultation process took place between the Kaufhof department store chain and the Dormero hotel chain in 2017 to decide whether a department store and hotel business would be possible under one roof. Kaufhof announced in 2018 that this was not possible and broke off negotiations, but wanted to stick to the location in Hof's old town. Because the hotel management was pursuing its hotel plans, the Kaufhof management announced that it would close the location at the end of 2018. In 2019, a Dormero Hotel will be built in the four- story building . Three retail areas are to be created on the ground floor.
- There are branches of McDonald’s , Burger King , Subway , KFC and Nordsee .
- There are numerous car dealerships in the city, including branches of the Volkswagen , Audi , Seat , Škoda (Volkswagenzentrum Hof), BMW , Ford , Mercedes-Benz and Opel brands .
- Hof is well known for numerous butchers and restaurants. One of the traditional restaurants is the Meinel's Bas brewery restaurant with beer garden, which is also the connection location of the school association RAAV Absolvia Hof. The beer garden with restaurant on Theresienstein with regular music performances is also well known .
The tourism is a growing industry in the yard. The city ranks third among the independent cities in Upper Franconia . In 2019, 93,867 tourists visited the city on the Saale with a total of 160,675 overnight stays. The number has thus reached an all-time high. Day tourists are not included in the statistics.
|year||Guests||Overnight stays||Length of stay (in days)|
Many visitors are z. B. Culture travelers to the film days , to the theater , to music events or hikers and vacationers who visit the Fichtelgebirge and the Franconian Forest as well as business travelers to meetings and congresses.
Information boards with the inscription "Hof - park & see" on the motorways indicate the city. The motto is deliberately ambiguous: important sights are mentioned in German, Theresienstein City Park and Untreusee - in English, drivers are asked to park their car and visit the city (to see) .
Hotel and hospitality industry
The city has 21 overnight accommodations with at least nine beds. A total of 1144 beds are available and there are 210 catering establishments.
Hof has a youth hostel on Beethovenstrasse in the district of Krötenbruck.
The town and the Hof region are marketed by the Franconian Tourist Association , among others . The Bavarian Vogtland is also partially advertised by the Saxony Tourism Association .
Various thematic tours are offered, for example historical or culinary city walks.
The city of Hof is located on the three federal motorways 9 in the west, 93 in the east and 72 in the north. They form a horseshoe shape around the city, but do not touch the city area.
The federal highways 2 , 15 and 173 run through Hof . All three federal highways have been expanded to four lanes in the urban area along Ernst-Reuter-Straße. The section is quickly navigable with a green wave and a speed limit of 60 km / h. Other major streets are Kulmbacher Straße, Marienstraße and Oelsnitzer Straße. The B 173 serves as a feeder to all three motorways: in the northwest to the A 72 and A 9 and in the east to the A 93. The B 15 is connected to the A 9 in four lanes in the west and to the A 93 in the southeast. The B 2 has in the northeast a slip road to the A 72 and in the south near Münchberg a slip road to the A 9.
The independent city of Hof has 522 streets and 19 squares.
32,512 vehicles are registered in the city of Hof.
Particulate matter pollution
Despite the very high volume of traffic on the main roads and the slowdown in traffic, especially at peak times, diesel driving bans in the city are not an issue. The air quality is good, with an average value of 17 micrograms / m³ in 2018.
There are 2200 parking spaces in the city center. Drivers are guided to the various parking options via the parking ring. There are long-term parking spaces, short-term parking zones with bread roll buttons and parking zones for electric cars.
- P6 Altstadtparkhaus in Marienstraße above the Altstadtpassage (550 parking spaces)
- P8 Wöhrl car park at Longoliusplatz (290 parking spaces)
underground car park
- P2 underground car park at the town hall (140 spaces)
- P1 shooting ditch (110 spaces)
- P3 Mühlendamm (60 parking spaces)
- P4 Oberer Anger (110 parking spaces)
- P5 Alsenberger Straße (75 parking spaces)
- P7 Poststrasse (125 parking spaces)
- P9 Plauener Straße (215 parking spaces)
- P10 Kreuzsteinstraße (80 parking spaces)
- P11 Sigmundsgraben (70 parking spaces)
- P12 Upper Gate (65 spaces)
- P13 Lionhalle (55 spaces)
- P14 Mittlerer Anger (40 parking spaces)
- P15 Wilhelmstrasse (35 parking spaces)
- P16 Sachsentorstraße (30 parking spaces)
More parking spaces
- Theater Hof (60 spaces)
- Freiheitshalle (350 spaces)
- Zoo Hof (98 spaces)
- Lettenbachweg (40 parking spaces)
- Schillerstraße (15 parking spaces)
- Untreusee Schaumberggrund (250 parking spaces)
- Untreusee Stelzenhofstraße (360 parking spaces)
- Untreusee Wilhelm-Löhe-Straße (120 parking spaces)
Parking zones for electric cars
The city of Hof currently has two train stations, the main train station and the Hof-Neuhof train station . Deutsche Bahn intends to build another stop at Hof Mitte near the city center. The main lines Leipzig - Hof , Bamberg - Hof , Regensburg - Hof and Dresden - Chemnitz - Zwickau - Plauen - Hof - Bayreuth - Nuremberg ( Saxony-Franconia Magistrale ) and the secondary lines (Cheb - Aš -) Selb - Oberkotzau meet at the main station (- Hof) , Hof - Bad Steben and (Hof -) Münchberg - Helmbrechts .
In long-distance traffic, Deutsche Bahn and the alex der Länderbahn offer regular connections to Leipzig , Dresden , Bamberg , Nuremberg , Regensburg and Munich . In local traffic, the routes to Selb and Bad Steben are particularly important for school traffic , the route to Bad Steben is also important for spa guests. Agilis offers hourly service on these routes . The smaller train stations and stops on the main lines starting from Hof as well as the Münchberg – Helmbrechts line are served by local trains at least every hour. The route from Reichenbach to Hof central station was electrified by the end of 2013. This measure is related to the opening of the city tunnel in Leipzig , which can only be used by electric trains and should be accessible to regional trains from Hof.
In the city and district of Hof, the uniform tariff of the high-franc tariff applies to the buses of the transport companies involved (HofBus GmbH, RBO and others). Verkehrsgemeinschaft Hof is a member of EgroNet , a transnational transport association in which north-eastern Bavarian, Saxon and Thuringian districts as well as the Czech region of Karlovy Vary with the city of Cheb participate, so that EgroNet tickets are also recognized by all transport companies involved. The independent cities of Hof and Coburg as well as the districts of Wunsiedel , Kulmbach , Kronach , Coburg and Hof have been planning to join the VGN since 2018 .
City bus and tram
In the city, which owned a tram from 1901 to 1922 , there are twelve city bus routes operated by HofBus GmbH. HofVerkehr is owned 74.9% by Stadtwerke Hof (HofBus) and thus the city of Hof and 25.1% by Verkehrsbetriebe Bachstein , a regional bus company. All twelve lines operate all day Monday to Friday and Saturday until 2 p.m., while on Saturdays from 2 p.m. and on Sundays and public holidays, an adapted network of nine lines is served: Lines 10, 11 and 12 do not operate and the buses some other lines sometimes run on different routes. The Hof city buses usually run on weekdays between 6:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. and on weekends between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. In addition, buses run Monday to Friday morning in the morning and in the evening in late traffic every half hour to hourly between 7.30 p.m. and 10.00 p.m. On Friday even until midnight. The central transfer point for all lines is the bus station stop at the Bismarckstraße / Friedrichstraße intersection, another important transfer point is at the Anspann / Klinikum and Hauptbahnhof stop . At the Anspann / Klinikum stop, you can switch between the lines to the south-east and south-west parts of the city. Line 21 runs to the neighboring Saxon town of Plauen in Vogtland. This line was set up shortly after the opening of the border between the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR in order to offer a quick alternative to the long train journey between the two cities and to express the bond between the twin cities Hof and Plauen. The line was discontinued when the Vogtland Transport Association changed the timetable.
30 regional bus routes run from Hof and are operated by Regionalbus Ostbayern (RBO), the Bachstein and KomBus transport companies and smaller bus companies in the region. The starting point is the Hauptbahnhof stop . The regional bus lines stop at the most important city bus stops within Hof, but serve the entire district of Hof and also go to neighboring districts.
The long-distance bus stop is at the main train station. It is served by Flixbus on the Berlin - Passau , Berlin- Munich and Berlin- Zurich lines .
About five kilometers southwest of farm is located in the district Pirk the airfield Hof-Plauen . There is also a flight school and a hangar for private planes. Hof-Plauen Airport can be reached from Hof Hauptbahnhof with the R1 regional bus in 30 minutes and by car / taxi in 15 minutes. Another airfield is the Ottengrüner Heide airfield in Helmbrechts , 15 kilometers away.
The nearest airport with scheduled connections is Karlovy Vary Airport in the Czech Republic, around 100 kilometers away .
The nearest international airports Leipzig / Halle and Nuremberg are approx. 150 kilometers from Hof.
In cooperation with Movelo, the city offers electric bicycles for hire at key locations in the city. The city scored poorly in the ADFC's rating for bike-friendliness. The reason for this is the topography of the urban area and the fact that some cycle paths are led onto pedestrian paths or sometimes end suddenly. The city would like to significantly expand the cycle path network in the next few years.
The Saale Cycle Path is used for tourism throughout the Saale . It runs from Zell in the Fichtelgebirge through the Hof city area to Barby .
Bicycles can be taken on the regional trains for an additional charge.
Carsharing as a point of mobility in the Agenda 21 project will be taken over by private providers after rejection by the municipal utilities .
Many car rental companies are based in Hof. International providers are Avis , Sixt , Europcar and the Europcar subsidiary Buchbinder. In addition to international companies, smaller, local companies are also represented. Some providers also have a location at Hof Airport .
science and education
There are two universities on the university campus in the east of the city:
- The Hof University of Applied Sciences (FH Hof) is one of the state universities of applied sciences in Bavaria, which were founded in 1994 to promote a comprehensive range of universities. It has the faculties of economics, computer science and engineering.
- The department of general internal administration belongs to the university for the public service in Bavaria . It has existed since 1974/75, in Hof since 1983, and is used for the internal administration training of aspirants of the higher service and the advanced training of civil servants of the higher and higher service .
- The Einstein 1 digital start-up center is also located on campus .
- In the future, the Center for Energy and Water Management (ZEW) will be built on the campus.
The specialist academy for social pedagogy belongs to the Diakonie Neuendettelsau . It is located in the west of the city of Hof on Mozartstrasse and offers courses in social and curative education . The college has around 500 students.
Research facility Sana Klinikum
The Sana Klinikum Hof is an important research facility in the city. Various studies are carried out at the Colon Cancer Center. In addition, as a teaching hospital , the clinic offers the practical part of medical studies for students at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg . The hospital has the Da Vinci operating system , an operating robot, which is a unique selling point of the clinic in all of Upper Franconia . A replica of the robot was exhibited in the Rotmain Center in Bayreuth .
- Institute for Information Systems at Hof University
- Institute for Materials Science at Hof University
- Institute for Talent Development
- Institute for advanced training at the Sana Klinikum Hof
Technical college and vocational school
- Fach- und Berufsoberschule Hof (FOS / BOS)
- Johann Viessmann vocational school in the school building on Pestalozziplatz
- State technical school (technical school) for electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and environmental protection technology
- State vocational school for technical assistants in computer science
- Vocational school for nursing and children's nursing of the Sana Klinikum Hof Schulen gGmbH
- Vocational school for geriatric care / geriatric care assistance of Diakonie Hochfranken Altenhilfe gGmbH
- Technical school for family care courtyard of the vocational training centers of the bayer. Wirtschaft (bfz) non-profit GmbH
- The oldest grammar school in the city is the Jean-Paul-Gymnasium . It is linguistically with a humanistic profile and musically oriented.
- The largest grammar school is the Schiller grammar school founded in 1833 as a trade school for boys . The two fields of study are natural science-technological and economic and social science with an economic profile.
- The youngest grammar school is the Johann-Christian-Reinhart-Gymnasium . It is geared towards the formation of a scientific, technological and linguistic focus.
- Johann-Georg-August-Wirth-Realschule in the school center in the Münsterviertel .
Elementary and middle schools
Elementary and middle schools in Hof are the Angerschule (elementary school), the Christian-Wolfrum-Schule (elementary and middle school), the Eichendorffschule (elementary school), the Hofecker Schule (elementary and middle school), the Krötenbruck school (elementary school), the School Moschendorf (elementary and partial middle school, only up to 6th grade), the Münsterschule (middle school, voluntary 10th grade), the Neustädter Schule (elementary school), the school at Theresienstein, the Sophienschule (elementary school) and the private Evangelical elementary school in Hof.
- School at Lindenbühl
- Private vocational school for special needs education
- Free Waldorf School Hof
- Business school
- Music school of the district of Hof
- Music school of the Hof Symphony Orchestra
- Volkshochschule Hofer Land
- DEB gGmbH Hof (German Adult Education Center)
- WBS Training AG
- Bfz Hof
- Evangelical adult education Hof-Naila
- IHK training center in Hof
- Chamber of Crafts for Upper Franconia, training center
- Administration and Economic Academy Nuremberg - Branch Academy Hof
In 2019, many schools in the city committed themselves to environmental protection and were awarded the title “Environmental School in Europe” by the Bavarian Environment Minister.
- Christian Wolfrum Middle School Hof
- Jean-Paul-Gymnasium Hof
- Johann-Christian-Reinhart-Gymnasium Hof
- Munster Middle School Hof
- Schiller-Gymnasium Hof
- Sophien Elementary School Hof
List of current and former school buildings
(This list does not claim to be complete. Help us to change that!)
- City library with the branches Moschendorfer Schule, Christian-Wolfrum-Schule and Hofecker Schule with a total of 109,210 works
- University library
- City Archives
Hof has a long tradition as a sports city. In Hof there are around 12,000 people, i.e. around a quarter of the population, in over 50 sports clubs. 70% of them are adults, 30% are young people and children.
Otto Strunz founded the first Hof soccer club in 1893 with the game association as a division of the Hof gymnastics club. The first team game against ATV Plauen was won 7-0 on October 23, 1898. It was separated from the gymnastics club in 1924. Another football club, the Britannia Hof football club, was founded in 1911 and renamed itself FC Bayern Hof in 1914.
The most famous sports club is the SpVgg Bayern Hof . It was created on July 1, 2005 through the merger of SpVgg Hof and FC Bayern Hof . The main sport is football, there is also a boxing and singing department, as well as departments for athletics and women's gymnastics. The club plays its home games in the Bayernliga Nord in the municipal stadium Grüne Au , which offers space for over 8,000 spectators.
The second largest, the stadium on Ossecker Strasse, has 5000 seats and is the venue of the 1. FFC Hof. The women's soccer club was founded in 2008.
The roots of the athletic sports club ( ASV Hof ) go back to 1896 . The first team has been wrestling in the first Bundesliga since 2007 and has qualified for the final of the German championship several times.
1817 Hofer Progymnasiallehrer Flamin Clöter led the volunteers at Hofer school physical education one. A first gymnastics field was created in 1818 when the grass field below the upper stone bridge between Saale and Mühlgraben was equipped with the necessary equipment. The disciplines were jumping, Barlauf , betting and endurance, stretching and rocking horse, later bars - and climbing exercises.
In autumn 1818, swimming and ice skating came to Hof with Florian Clöter . He arranged for a swimming school to be set up at the upper stone bridge and brought ice skating to the Saale . In 2018 the renovation of the ice pond was completed and a modern ice rink opened there.
Flamin Clöter left Hof in 1821. With that, the gymnastics exercises stopped, even before the state ban on gymnastics for Bavaria was issued in 1824. For a few years the gymnastics business in Hof as in the whole kingdom was idle, until by decree of August 21, 1826 gymnastics was allowed again by the new King Ludwig I. at least the high school students. Physical education at Bavarian grammar schools was made a compulsory subject by a ministerial decision of November 2, 1868.
Girls' gymnastics started at the Höhere Töchterschule in Hof in 1860. The preparation of elementary school teachers for gymnastics lessons was tackled by the city's main gymnastics teacher Rudolf Lion from 1868 onwards. On February 11, 1870, the city school commission declared physical education to be a compulsory subject at the Hof elementary schools.
On April 8, 1861, permission was sought from the Hof city council to establish a gymnastics club. The letter was read "with pleasure" and support was promised to the association. While the city administration was happy to support the sporting activities, they reached the limit of accommodation when the association asked "to be allowed to march into the city every Monday, Wednesday and Saturday after gymnastics with a drum beat". The promised gymnasium was completed in 1868.
1869: After his election as the city's main gymnastics teacher, Rudolf Lion was responsible for the overall direction and coordination of all gymnastics lessons in Hof. A highlight in the club life was the organization of the 9th Bavarian Gymnastics Day on September 10th and 11th, 1871 in Hof. When there were disputes in the club in 1874, several members left and founded a second gymnastics club in Hof.
Further gymnastics clubs emerged in Hof towards the end of the 19th century, for example with the gymnastics club Hof, the Freie Turnerschaft or the failed gymnastics club Vater Jahn, founded in 1907, whose members no longer wanted to know about the existence of their club a year later.
The SV Hof / ice hockey took part in the games of the Bavarian Ice Sports Association (BEV) from 1959 to 1999 . The greatest successes back then were the promotion to the Bavarian State League in 1970 , the championship in 1982 in the Bavarian State League / North and the associated promotion to the Bavarian League .
Cycling, fencing, shooting, swimming
The specialist sports clubs that sprang up from the ground up from the end of the century to 1918 dealt mainly with cycling or fencing . The shooters had with the Shooting Society an organization whose founding stretched back to the 1432nd Today there are seven shooting clubs in Hof. One of the most important sports clubs in Hof to this day is the Hof swimming club, founded in 1911.
1969, before the construction of dams in the city ( Untreusee ) and in the district of Hof ( Förmitztalsperre ), the established sailing club Förmitzspeicher yard , the largest today sailing club in Hochfranken with clubhouses in the Mill Road in Hof and in Schwarzenbach an der Saale. Hof is the seat and training location of the association with strong youth work and an active regatta sailor and cruising sailor scene.
The Marine-Jugend Hof has existed as a sailing sports club since 1977 . Mainly in the area of youth work, the Untreusee is used in summer for training and for holding regattas . In 2008 the Federal Youth Sailing Championship of the DMB was organized. In the winter months, the young people deal with model building and sailing theory.
In November 1992, the Hof Jokers, the first American football team in town, was founded. The Jokers are a division of the Post and Telecom Sports Club (PTSV). In the 2008 season the Hof Jokers were able to take first place in the Bavarian League for the first time and played in the 2009 season in the Regionalliga Süd. There the league could be secured with place 5 in the first season. In 2010, the team had to withdraw prematurely from league operations. The home games of the Jokers are played in the PTSV stadium in Hof.
Media and public institutions
In the city are newspapers , radio stations and television resident, the town is a media center in Upper Franconia .
The Frankenpost is the leading regional daily newspaper in Hof and the surrounding area. The sold edition is 44,337 copies. Hof is the seat of the newspaper, which in addition to the edition for Hof also includes those for the regions Fichtelgebirge, Münchberg and Naila as well as Kulmbach. The editorial office is located on Poststrasse in Hofer Westend .
The North Bavarian Courier , based in Bayreuth, also has a part for the Hof region in its regional edition. It deals with the most important Hofer news. In addition, the Bayreuther Zeitung has been printed in the Hof printing center since May 2019 .
In Upper Franconia , Blickpunkt also appears on Wednesdays and Saturdays . The circulation of this advertising paper is around 260,000 copies, including 112,000 on Wednesdays in Upper Franconia and 148,000 on Saturdays in the Hof, Wunsiedel and Kulmbach regions.
The magazine Pro Hof provides an overview of upcoming events and contains a quiz about Hof. The magazine appears monthly.
In addition, the magazine Hof-Programm gives an overview of events in the Hofer Land.
The online magazine in Franken.de from Bamberg deals with news, topics and backgrounds from all over Franconia . The issue for the Hof region reports on different events from the city and district of Hof.
Radio and television
The radio station Extra-Radio has its studio in Hof's old town, on Kreuzsteinstrasse. The transmitter has a webcam with a view of Bernhard-Lichtenberg-Platz in front of the Marienkirche. Currently, the radio station Radio Euroherz and the administration and the central studio of the regional television station TV Oberfranken are located under the roof of the Hof Funkhaus . The station is fed into the cable in the entire administrative region of Upper Franconia and also on working days in a regional window between 6:00 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. on the RTL channel and can be received via satellite and as a live stream on the Internet. According to its own information, the station reaches 700,000 households in the administrative district via cable and 450,000 households via satellite.
The Bayerische Rundfunk maintains a regional studio in court. The area of responsibility extends over the city and district of Hof , over the Hofer Land . The local correspondent is Annerose Zuber.
From 1948 to 1994 Hof was the location of a medium wave transmitter of the RIAS in order to better supply the southern parts of the GDR with the RIAS program. Two 100-meter-high, guyed steel truss masts, insulated from the ground, served as the transmitting antenna . These masts were demolished in October 1995 by blowing them up simultaneously. The RIAS broadcast its VHF program from the station in Großer Waldstein (internationally coordinated as Sender Hof) with 20 kW ERP each :
- 89.3 MHz: RIAS 1 from 1980 to 1994, since then Deutschlandradio Kultur .
- 91.2 MHz: RIAS 2 from 1964 to 1992. After that, the Deutschlandfunk program was broadcast. Since 1995, Bayerischer Rundfunk has been using the Ochsenkopf frequency for the Bayern 1 program for the Upper Palatinate .
In the courtyard of the operating Bayerische Rundfunk the station yard at the Hohensaas. Until 1999, the transmission frequency 520 kHz was used. This frequency is not in the official medium wave band and so this only 200 watt EMRP transmitter, which was operated in single-frequency mode together with the transmitter in Würzburg , could be used well for propagation tests in the medium wave range. However, since many modern radios could no longer receive the frequency of the Hof transmitter, the frequency was changed to 729 kHz in 1999. In the course of this frequency changeover, a new transmission mast was also erected. For this purpose, the reflector mast of the Ismaning transmitter , which was no longer required, was dismantled and rebuilt in Hof. It is a 74-meter-high, grounded steel framework construction that is fed from above, like the transmission masts of the long-wave transmitters Aholming and Donebach . The Bayern 1 program was broadcast for many years, and B5 for some time in the 1990s . From October 8, 2007 the program Bavarian Open Radio was broadcast, which was renamed on May 5, 2008 in on3-radio . The Bayern plus program has been broadcast since January 10, 2011 . Since the beginning of 2015, the location has also been used to broadcast DAB . On September 30, 2015 at 12:45 p.m., the medium-wave transmitter was finally switched off; only DAB is broadcast.
VHF transmitter locations with the international station name Hof (frequencies according to transmitter data from the Federal Network Agency ):
|Transmitter location||Geographical coordinates|
|88.0||Radio Euro Heart||EUROHERZ||5||Great Waldstein transmitter||50 ° 7 ′ 37 " N , 11 ° 50 ′ 43" E|
|89.3||Deutschlandradio Kultur||DKULTURE||20th||Great Waldstein transmitter||50 ° 7 ′ 37 " N , 11 ° 50 ′ 43" E|
|94.0||Extra radio||extra radio||0.2||Court maze mountain||50 ° 20 '1.1 " N , 11 ° 56' 2.3" E|
|98.1||Extra radio||extra radio||0.1||Ahornberg||50 ° 14 '36.3 " N , 11 ° 47' 50.4" E|
State government institutions
Hof was able to benefit greatly from the relocation of many authorities from the state capital of Munich to northern Bavaria.
State Office for the Environment
The second largest location of the State Office for the Environment is Hof with the seat of the Vice President and the specialist topics of groundwater protection, water supply, water quality, area hydrology, contaminated sites, geology, economic geology, hydrogeology, near-surface geothermal energy, soil protection, climate, wildlife management, natural area management and landscape conservation after the headquarters in Augsburg . There is also a branch in Hof with the specialist topics of economic geology, raw material analysis, drill core archive and rock collection.
LfA Förderbank Bayern
In addition to the main office in Munich , the LfA Förderbank Bayern maintains the Hof Förderstützpunkt with the main task of corporate financing in the areas of start-ups, growth, innovation, energy, the environment and stabilization as well as the financing of municipal investments in the infrastructure business area.
Police Procurement Office
At the beginning of 2020, the Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder announced the construction of a procurement office for the Bavarian police , which should be completed by 2030. The office will be responsible for the equipment of the police, such as uniforms , weapons , service vehicles and helicopters . Hof is then the central location for the entire Free State instead of the police headquarters in the administrative districts.
Other authorities and agencies
All insurances with a branch or office in Hof:
- AOK management
- HUK Coburg
- ERGO insurance
- Gothaer Insurance
- SIGNAL IDUNA
- Allianz Versicherung Hick OHG general agency
- HDI insurance
- ARAG insurance
- Nuremberg Insurance
- IKK classic
- DEVK insurance
- AXA insurance
- Debeka Insurance Service Office
- Insurance Chamber of Bavaria
- Württemberg insurance
- Barmenia insurance
- German pension insurance
- DAK service center
- Barmer GEK
- VR Bank Bayreuth-Hof eG
- HypoVereinsbank Hof
- Sparkasse Hochfranken
- Fondsdepot Bank GmbH (seat: Hof)
- Santander branch yard
- Sparda Bank
- Quirin Privatbank AG Hof
- LfA Förderbank Bayern
- Bausparkasse Schwäbisch Hall AG
- Wüstenrot Bausparkasse AG
- Verbacon Asset & Financial Management GmbH
- LBS office in Hof
- TÜV-Süd Service Center, Erlhofer Strasse
- TÜV-Süd Service Center, Fuhrmannstrasse
- Patent center Hof of TÜV Rheinland Consulting GmbH
- DEKRA Automobil GmbH Hof station
- Station Mission
- Bavarian Red Cross - District Association Hof
- Diakonisches Werk Hof e. V.
- Hofer Tafel e. V.
- Caritas Association for the City and District of Hof eV
- Arbeiterwohlfahrt Kreisverband Hof-Stadt eV
- Diakonie Hochfranken Zentrale Dienst GmbH
- Help in life for people with disabilities Stadt und Landkreis Hof eV
- AWO day care center
- Evangelical Kindergarten Church of the Resurrection
- Evangelical Kindergarten Christ Church
- Day care center "Kinderoase" Dreieinigkeitskirche
- Adventure day care center St. Johannes
- Movement kindergarten St. Johannes
- Evangelical Children's House Kreuzkirche
- St. Lorenz children's world
- Luther Church Children's Home
- Kindergarten in the new town
- Catholic day care center St. Konrad
- Catholic kindergarten St. Pius
- Catholic day care center St. Marien in the youth welfare center St. Elisabeth
- Integrative kindergarten on Schellenberg in the family meeting point
- Waldorf kindergarten
- Montessori children's home in the TPZ
- BRK day care center
- BRKcasa Montessori
- Clever Kids Planet - bilingual day care center
- Daycare center Emilia
- Day care center "The Good Shepherd"
- BRK day care center Lindenstrasse
Living in old age
- Christiansreuth retirement home of the Hof Hospital Foundation
- Senior Citizens' Home Am Unteren Tor of the Hof Hospital Foundation
- Old people's and nursing home Diakonissenhaus Hof Diakonie Hochfranken gGmbH
- Retirement and nursing home Haus am Klosterhof Diakonie Hochfranken gGmbH
- AWO Haus Kamilla residential and nursing home
- Caritasheim Kolpinghöhe
- BRK senior living
- AWO senior citizens' residence Hof
- Senior living community Jägerhof
- Supervised senior living in Haus Rosengarten
- Assisted living
of the Hof Hospital Foundation
- AWO assisted living
Senior housing complexes
- Citizens' Home
- Senior citizens' residential complex at Christiansreuther Strasse
- Seniors' residence Gabelsbergerstrasse
- Senior citizens' residence Klösterleinsweg
- Senior housing complex Lilienthalstrasse
- Parsevalstrasse retirement home
- Senior citizens' residential complex Viktor-von-Scheffel-Strasse
Senior Citizens' Welfare Complex:
- Centrally at the Saal Stadternlassung Hof GmbH
Police and crime
The police station in Hof is located on the Hohensaas . The traffic police station and the criminal police station are also located in the building. Responsibility extends from the city of Hof to the surrounding communities of Feilitzsch , Gattendorf , Köditz , Konradsreuth , Leupoldsgrün , Oberkotzau , Töpen and Trogen in an area of 450 square meters with approx. 68,000 inhabitants. The Rehau police station is attached to the police station .
According to the statistics, crime in the city of Hof fell by 19 percent in 2016. In contrast, drug crime increased slightly compared to the previous year. The police had a total of 11,949 sorties and a further 3,711 cases. The clearance rate is 74.3 percent. Sexual offenses fell by four percent, street crime fell by 23 percent, including damage to property in the private sector by 23 percent, in public property by 49 percent and in vehicles by 50 percent. The security concept for the Altstadtpassage already had an effect in 2016.
Fire brigade and fire protection
The voluntary fire brigade Hof consists of the main fire station at Hallplatz (city center), the secondary station at the municipal construction depot in Leimitzer Strasse - a tank fire engine is stationed here that is manned during the operating hours of the building yard - the Hofeck fire fighting group , the Moschendorf fire fighting group, the Eppenreuth fire fighting group , the Leimitz volunteer fire brigade, the Wölbattendorf volunteer fire brigade and the Unterkotzau volunteer fire brigade. In the main station on Hallplatz, there are 26 vehicles, four roll-off containers for the swap bodies and five trailers ready for use. Nine full-time employees work for administration, vehicle and equipment maintenance and emergency services. The Hof fire brigade has a total of around 250 active members. The district operations center Hof-Stadt is located on the upper floor of the fire station. In addition, the members of the Hauptwache are trained in six groups. You perform between 500 and 600 assignments with 8,000 to 10,000 hours of use per year.
Furthermore, there is a company fire brigade at the Hof-Plauen airfield, while the HofTEX-Group maintains a works fire brigade with two vehicles.
Technical Relief Organization (THW)
A local association of the Federal Agency for Technical Relief (THW) is located in Hof . He specializes in rescue / clearing and the emergency power supply of damage situations (specialist group electrical supply). In addition, the THW office in Hof is based in the city. She is responsible for looking after nine THW local branches in Upper Franconia and parts of Upper Palatinate.
In Hof there is an ambulance station of the Bavarian Red Cross , district association Hof. Two ambulances are permanently manned here around the clock. Furthermore, an emergency vehicle is manned by a driver; the doctor is provided by either the Sana Clinic or doctors based in Hof. Furthermore, ambulances are available at the rescue station, which are mostly manned on weekdays. The BRK readiness yard is also located in the ambulance station. At many events in and around Hof, this provides the staff for medical services. Background emergency funds and SEG support are also provided. The vehicle of the medical emergency management support group (UG SanEL) is also at the rescue station.
The ASB for the city and the district of Hof has its seat in Selbitz . The rescue is only a secondary branch, the main task is patient trips.
There is also a local branch of the BRK water watch in Hof . The DLRG ( German Life Saving Society ) also has a local association in Hof (OV Hof).
The Sana Klinikum Hof is the hospital in the city of Hof and is part of the Sana Kliniken . With over 460 beds, 1,000 employees and 22,000 inpatients, it is one of the largest somatic acute hospitals in Bavaria . The clinic is the academic teaching hospital of the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg .
The Michaeliskarree Rehabilitation Center is located on Jahnstrasse in the west of Hof. The house has individual treatment rooms, a large gym, training therapy and registration, a reception area, a waiting area and a cafeteria. Rehabilitation focuses on the topics of manual therapy, treatment of neurological diseases, respiratory therapy for COPD, diseases of the lymphatic system and medical training therapy.
- Tierschutzverein Hof und Umgebung e. V.
- Animal shelter Hof-Erlalohe
The Upper Franconian barracks is currently the only barracks used by the Bundeswehr in Upper Franconia. There is u. a. the Central Investigation Center of the Bundeswehr for Technical Reconnaissance , a subordinate department of the Strategic Reconnaissance Command , housed. The distinctive and spacious reception systems of the former radar station on the Hohensaas and the systems on the Köditzer slope, which were built during the Cold War, have now been largely dismantled.
From 1945 to 1985 the US military was stationed at Kingsley Barracks, mainly air surveillance units of the United States Air Force . The Bundeswehr took over the radar display from the US Air Force as early as 1978.
Since April 30, 1985 the barracks had been named after Hans Hüttner . The naming after Major General and staunch National Socialist Hüttner came under fire from 1994, which led to the renaming of the barracks in Upper Franconia on July 8, 2013.
A number of important personalities are associated with the city of Hof:
- As a city of culture, Hof is the birthplace or place of work for numerous writers, artists, musicians, composers and instrument makers.
- With Nikolaus Decius and Nikolaus Medler , Hof is the birthplace of two well-known reformers who were associated with Martin Luther .
- The important German writer Jean Paul attended the grammar school that was later named after him in Hof and lived in the city from 1784 to 1787 in his mother's house.
- The basics for the periodic table of the chemical elements were thought out by Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner , a son of the city of Hof.
- Born in Hof, the lawyer Johann Georg August Wirth was a political writer of the Vormärz , fighter for freedom of the press and a member of the Frankfurt National Assembly .
- The Berlin cathedral provost Bernhard Lichtenberg died on the way to the Dachau concentration camp in 1943 in Hof. A memorial is located in the St. Marien town church .
- Hof is the birthplace of a number of well-known politicians. The best known living honorary citizen of Hof is Georg von Waldenfels . He was Minister of State in the Bavarian Cabinet and President of the German Tennis Association .
- List of district roads in Hof (Saale)
- List of street names from Hof
- List of bridges across the Saale
- Old town (courtyard)
- Ludwigstrasse (courtyard)
- Lorenzstrasse (courtyard)
- Marienstrasse (courtyard)
- City history
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Court . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 2 : El-H . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1800, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753081 , Sp. 709-718 ( digitized version ).
- Chronicle of the City of Hof, Volume IX, Publication of the City of Hof, Mintzel Druck Hof:
- Volume I, Hof 1937, Ernst Dietlein : General town history up to 1603 .
- Volume II, Hof 1939, Ernst Dietlein : General town history from 1603–1763 .
- Volume III, Hof 1942, Ernst Dietlein : General town history from 1763–1871 .
- Volume IV, Hof 1955, Ernst Dietlein : Church history .
- Volume V, Hof 1957, Friedrich Ebert: Building history .
- Volume VI, Hof 1966, Friedrich Ebert, Karl Waelzel: Old Hofer city descriptions .
- Volume VII / 1, Hof 1979, Dietmar Trautmann: Economic history until 1810 .
- Volume VIII, Hof 1936, Ernst Dietlein: Hof - the birthplace of great men .
- Volume IX, Hof 1997, Rudolf Müller, Carola Friedmann, Adelheid Weißer: Legal and administrative history of the city of Hof .
- Volume X, Hof 2005, Jörg Wurdack: Military history of the city of Hof .
- Friedrich Ebert , Axel Herrmann: A short history of the city court . Hoermann Verlag, Hof 1988, ISBN 3-88267-034-7 .
- August Gebeßler : City and district of Hof (= Bavarian art monuments . Volume 7 ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1960, DNB 451450965 , p. 3-30 .
- Peter Nürmberger, Reinhard Feldrapp : Hof in Bavaria at the top. Hoermann Verlag, Hof 2002, ISBN 3-88267-062-2 .
- Circle of Bavarian Scholars (Ed.): Upper Franconia and Middle Franconia (= Bavaria. Regional and Folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . Volume 3 ). Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1865, DNB 56034290X , p. 569-577 ( digitized version ).
- Arnd Kluge , Beatrix Münzer-Glas: City and District of Hof . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-192-9 .
- Christoph Rabenstein: Political and journalistic currents in a town in Upper Franconia. Hof 1918–1924. Hagens Antiquarian Bookstore, Bayreuth 1986.
- Ludger Stühlmeyer : Curia sonans. The music history of the city of Hof. A study on the culture of Upper Franconia. From the foundation of the Bamberg diocese to the present. Phil.Diss., Bayerische Verlagsanstalt, Heinrichs-Verlag, Bamberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-89889-155-4 .
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Court . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 557-558 ( digitized version ).
- Heinrich Wirth: Chronicle of the city of Hof after M. Enoch Widmann, rector of the school at Hof in 1596, and some other older historians whose names are unknown . Hof 1843 ( e-copy ).
- Wolfgang Wüst (ed.): Industrialization of a landscape - the dream of textiles and porcelain. The Hof region and the Vogtland . Series: Micro and Macro - Comparative Regional Studies 2 . (Contains numerous articles also on the city's history). Erlangen 2018. ISBN 978-3-940804-09-9 .
- Sports history
- Holdings of the City Archives Hof, v. a .: A (files) 2486.
- Johann Gottlob Thomas: The municipal gym in Hof. In addition to a historical sketch of gymnastics there. Hof 1868. This work was quoted again and again on the early history of gymnastics in Hof and reprinted in parts.
- Brief outline of the history of the gymnastics club at Hof . In celebration of its 25th anniversary from 1861 to 1886. Published by the Turnverein Hof. Hof 1886.
- Johann Gottlob Thomas u. a .: The gyms and the gymnasiums in the city of Hof. Along with an outline of the history of gymnastics there. Hof 1893.
- For Bavarian sports history see: Julius Bohus: History of Sports in Bavaria . Augsburg 1998. (= booklets on Bavarian history and culture # 20). There you will also find references to further literature.
- Website of the city of Hof
- Other people of importance to Hof's history from the biographical collection of the Hof City Archives (PDF; 153 kB)
- Literature from and about Hof in the catalog of the German National Library
- Hof (Saale): Official statistics of the LfStat
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ Statistics from the city of Hof from February 28, 2018
- ↑ https://www.wietzel-winkler.de/?Veroeffnahmungen/Schon-gewusst%3F
- ↑ https://www.hof-university.de/weiterbildung/masterstudiengaenge-vollzeit/german-indian-management-studies-mba.html
- ↑ a b Hof - right at the top in Bavaria! on www.hof.de
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/planen-bauen/gruenflaechen.html
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Stadt-Hof-verschenkt-1319-Baeume;art83415,7003927
- ^ Source: Stadt Hof, Hof in numbers
- ↑ https://saechsisch-bayerisches-staedtenetz.de/
- ↑ www.weatheronline.de
- ^ Enno Bünz : The establishment of the diocese of Bamberg and the Regnitzland. In: Josef Urban: The Bamberg diocese around 1007. Bamberg 2007, ISBN 3-9808138-4-3 , pp. 204f.
- ^ Ludger Stühlmeyer : Curia sonans. Dissertation. Heinrichsverlag, Bamberg 2015, ISBN 978-3-89889-155-4 , p. 12f.
- ↑ See documentation: Medieval Leprosories in Today's Bavaria, originally in the journal Die Klapper , accessed on March 17, 2018 ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Kurt Stierstorfer: The siege of Hof 1553. Hof 2003, ISBN 3-928626-43-4 .
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/geschichte-01.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/geschichte-01.html
- ↑ a b c d e Alemannia Judaica : The synagogue in Hof (Upper Franconia)
- ↑ a b c Arnd Kluge : The Reichskristallnacht in Hof , Hof Stadtarchiv , 2002
- ^ Arnd Kluge : The events in Hof , Hof Stadtarchiv , 2002
- ↑ Arnd Kluge : The trucks are loaded for the journey to the Saale breakthrough around 10 a.m. on November 10, 1938
- ↑ Waltraud Ertel: Expulsion under state direction , Frankenpost , October 6, 2008
- ↑ Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation. Volume 1. Federal Agency for Civic Education, Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 148.
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/geschichte-01.html
- ^ Website of the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial , accessed on July 6, 2016
- ^ Roger A. Freeman: Mighty Eighth War Diary . JANES: London, New York, Sydney 1981
- ^ Hofer Symphoniker: Das Orchester. In: http://www.hofer-symphoniker.de/ . Hofer Symphoniker, September 29, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ^ Gerhard Puchta: Refugee train at Hof main station. In: https://www.wir-waren-so-frei.de/i . Deutsche Kinemathek and Federal Agency for Civic Education, September 29, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ↑ Ilse Aigner: Ceremonial event "30 years of the opening of the border". In: https://www.bayern.landtag.de/a . Bavarian State Parliament, September 26, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/geschichte.html
- ↑ https://www.extra-radio.de/galerie/Bundeskanzlerin_Angela_Merkel_auf_Wahlkampftour_in_Hof,14.html
- ↑ https://www.hospitalkirche-hof.de/jubilaeum2014.htm
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Neuer-Bahnhalt-kosten-neun-Millionen-Euro;art83415,5788914
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Wohngebiet-soll-doppel-so-gross- Werden; art83415,6574685
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/aktuelles/50-jahre-staedtepart Chance- between-hof-und- joensuu.html
- ↑ https://www.euroherz.de/hof-ute-fischer-ist-neue-klimaschutzmanagerin-6020972/
- ↑ https://www.euroherz.de/black-lives-matter-demo-in-hof-6325083/
- ↑ https://www.euroherz.de/klausurtagung-ueber-200-neue-studienplaetze-fuer-hof-6134003/
- ↑ https://www.statistikdaten.bayern.de/genesis/online/data?operation=ergebnistabelleUmfang&levelindex=2&levelid=1561767678340&downloadname=12111-101r
- ↑ Statistics of the State of Bavaria December 2018
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 670 .
- ↑ Heinz Stoob: German city book: Bavaria , Kohlhammer , 1971, p. 270 ( books.google.de )
- ^ Friedrich Ebert , Axel Herrmann: Small history of the city court. Hoermann Verlag, Hof 1988, ISBN 3-88267-034-7 , p. 278.
- ↑ Mentioned as a member of the 18th state parliament
- ↑ Lord Mayor. City of Hof (Saale), accessed on August 19, 2020 .
- ^ Result city council election 2014. City of Hof, March 16, 2014, archived from the original on March 18, 2014 ; Retrieved April 6, 2014 .
- ↑ Election to the city council in 464 Hof. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing , March 19, 2014, accessed on April 6, 2014 .
- ↑ https://www.wahl-hof.de/sr2020/
- ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Hof (Saale) in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ↑ www.hof.de
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/goldene-buergermedaille.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/goldener-ehrenring.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/ehrenmedaille.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/johann-christian-reinhart-plakette.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/dank-und-ehrenurkunde-fuer-soziale-verdienste.html
- ↑ https://www.fes.de/ungleiches-deutschland/
- ↑ https://deutschland-studie-senioren-familie.zdf.de/familie/district/09464
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/planen-bauen/mietspiegel.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/hof-in-zahlen.html
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Eine-Kolumne-erhitzt-die-Gemueter;art83415,6825624
- ↑ http://www.creactie.nl/internet Speed-deutschland- karte.html
- ↑ http://www.bpb.de/apuz/246427/digitale-infrastructure- Zwischen-foerdermillionen-und-netzrealitaeten?p= all
- ^ Ludger Stühlmeyer: Curia sonans. The music history of the city of Hof. 2010, p. 241ff.
- ↑ Booklet of the CD Ein Hofer Königspaar (2013)
- ↑ Church music at St. Michaelis Hof
- ↑ Capella Mariana
- ↑ Hof Chamber Choir
- ^ Ludger Stühlmeyer: Curia sonans. The music history of the city of Hof. 2010, p. 286ff.
- ↑ https://stadtlandhof.de/von-hamburg-nach-hof-zwei-neubuerger-entdecke-stadt-land-hof/
- ↑ https://www.sternwarte-hof.de/
- ↑ https://www.thueringer-wald.com/urlaub-wandern-winter/sternwarte-hof-118765.html
- ↑ Friends of the Botanical Garden and Theresienstein Hof e. V .: History: The Botanical Garden in Hof. In: https://www.botanischer-garten-hof.de/ . Friends of the Botanical Garden and Theresienstein Hof e. V., 2019, accessed September 29, 2019 .
- ↑ Historic old towns. In: The time. No. 48, November 20, 2008.
- ↑ Lookout tower on the Labyrinthberg, Hof ( Memento from April 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) on the Frankenwald Tourismus website
- ↑ Typical farm! - View from the town hall tower on the website of the city of Hof
- ↑ City Church St. Marien Hof
- ^ Bamberg State Archives, Bamberg Documents No. 467
- ^ Friends of the Münch-Ferber Villa. Promotion company Münch-Ferber Villa e. V., accessed on August 26, 2012 .
- ^ Georg Hausl: Hofer beer. In: https://www.spezialitaetenland-bayern.de/ . Bavarian State Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forestry, September 29, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ^ City of Hof: Hofer beer. In: https://www.hof.de/ . Stadt Hof, September 29, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ^ Elmar Göller: Closures of Franconian breweries (from 2000). In: https://www.braufranken.de/ . Elmar Göller, September 20, 2019, accessed on September 29, 2019 .
- ↑ https://www.kinold.de/messen/messe-hof.html
- ↑ https://www.stadtmarketing-hof.de/media/files/vak19/2019-StaMa-VKA_dt.pdf
- ↑ Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- ↑ State of Bavaria. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
- ↑ Place of residence only rarely also place of purchase. GfK studies on retail sales, purchasing power and centrality. June 10, 2015 .
- ↑ The city of Hof as reflected in the numbers. Statistical yearbook 2014.
- ↑ Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Upper Franconia
- ^ Fresenius Medical Care , Frankenpost , Hof edition of February 27, 2015, summary
- ↑ https://www.br.de/nachrichten/bayern/bmw-baut-testgelaende-an-hofer-flughafen-aus,RAU2Snt
- ↑ https://www.br.de/nachrichten/bayern/amazon-im-landkreis-hof-gelaende-wird-erschlossen,S4dDT6J
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Hofer-Kunden-sind-meistens-zufrieden;art83415,6743989
- ↑ https://www.einkaufen-in-hof.de/
- ↑ Influencer to Boost Retail Local on July 23, 2019
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Bloggerin-pusht-die-Einkaufsstadt;art83415,5989437
- ↑ https://www.statistik.bayern.de/mam/presse/030_2020_57_g_tourismus_landkreise.xlsx
- ↑ 2007 yearbook of the city of Hof (PDF file; 2.15 MB)
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/media/files/leben/jahrbuch2014.pdf
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/hof-in-zahlen.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/hof-in-zahlen.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/hof-in-zahlen.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/parkmoegitäten-01.html
- ↑ Line network city buses Hof ( Memento from February 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Network maps and timetables for the regional bus routes in and around Hof
- ↑ http://www.mobilaro.de/news/6000-hofsaale-vor-dem-carsharing-boom
- ↑ https://www.snappcar.de/staedte
- ↑ https://www.drivy.de/autovermlassung/hof
- ↑ https://www.br.de/nachrichten/amp/wissen/klinikum-hof-operationen-erstmals-mit-da-vinci-roboter,R1SZjbK
- ↑ https://www.hof-university.de/forschung/forschungsinstitute/institut-fuer-materialwissenschaften.html
- ↑ https://www.vocatium.de/vocatium-vierlaendereckhof-2020/
- ↑ https://www.sana-klinikum-hof.de/karriere/berufserfahrene/fort-und-weiterbildung/
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Stadt-Hof-ist-Mitglied-in-VHS-Hofer-Land;art83415,6825759
- ↑ https://www.wbstraining.de/weiterbildung-hof/
- ↑ https://www.euroherz.de/umweltschule-in-europa-15-schulen-erhalten-auszeichnung-6034847/
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/media/files/leben/jahrbuch2014.pdf
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/sport.html
- ↑ https://ffc-hof.de/
- ^ League membership SV Hof
- ↑ American Football Association Bavaria ( Memento from September 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/
- ↑ https://www.kurier.de/region-hof
- ↑ https://pro-hof.de/magazin/?amp
- ↑ https://hof-programm.de/
- ↑ https://www.infranken.de/gemeinde.=Hof/
- ↑ Received data from TV Oberfranken ( Memento from December 1, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ https://www.br.de/unternehmen/inhalt/menschen/korrespondenten-buero-hof-100.html
- ↑ Information from Bayerischer Rundfunk at www.br-online.de
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/rathaus/rathaus.html
- ↑ https://www.landkreis-hof.de/
- ↑ https://www.arbeitsagentur.de/vor-ort/bayreuth-hof/startseite
- ↑ https://www.polizei.bayern.de/oberfranken/wir/organisation/dienststellen/index.html/110187
- ↑ https://www.justiz.bayern.de/gerichte-und-behoerden/landgericht/hof/
- ↑ https://www.justiz.bayern.de/gerichte-und-behoerden/amtsgerichte/hof/
- ↑ https://www.justiz.bayern.de/gerichte-und-behoerden/staatsanwaltschaft/hof/
- ↑ https://www.hwk-oberfranken.de/artikel/hof-hwk-berufsbildungs-und-technologiezentrum-72,0,583.html
- ↑ https://www.hwk-oberfranken.de/72,0,586.html
- ↑ https://www.bayreuth.ihk.de/Standort-Hof.htm
- ↑ https://www.zoll.de/SharedDocs/Dienststellen/DE/1_DSSD_Importer/Hauptzollamt/HZA_Regensburg/ZA/ZA_Hof_Marktredwitz_8715/ZA_Hof_Marktredwitz_8715.html?nn=243282
- ↑ https://www.lmg.bayern.de/index.php/eichamt-bayreuth-bamberg-hof
- ↑ https://www.frankenpost.de/region/hof/Stadt-Hof-ist-Mitglied-in-VHS-Hofer-Land;art83415,6825759
- ↑ https://www.gebo-med.de/standorte/psychiatrische-institutsambulanzen/hof
- ↑ Familienkasse Bayern North - 95032 Hof. Retrieved October 22, 2019 .
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/hof_deu/leben/kindergaerten.html
- ↑ https://www.hof.de/hof/media/files/leben/jahrbuch2014.pdf
- ↑ https://www.polizei.bayern.de/oberfranken/wir/organisation/dienststellen/index.html/110187
- ↑ Hof is more secure than it has been for ten years. Frankenpost, accessed on February 16, 2019 .
- ↑ https://www.sana-klinikum-hof.de/
- ↑ https://www.sana-klinikum-hof.de/ueber-uns/zahlen-ffekten/
- ↑ http://michaeliskarree.de/
- ↑ http://tierheim-hof.de/
- ↑ Joachim Dankbar: New name for Hofer Kaserne? The Hof barracks are evidently about to be renamed. Its namesake, Hans Hüttner, is considered a staunch Nazi. In: Frankenpost . December 1, 2012, accessed January 1, 2013 .
- ^ The Hof site becomes the Upper Franconian barracks. The only remaining Bundeswehr location in Upper Franconia in Hof will in future be called Upper Franconia Barracks. The city of Hof announced on Friday. In: Frankenpost . December 21, 2012, accessed January 1, 2013 .