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Manor house with one central and two side projections; the third and fourth window axes form a reserve.

The risalit (from Italian risalto 'projection', Italian saltare 'jump'), also Avantcorps or Avant-corps (from French avant corps , 'in front of the building') is a part of the building that protrudes horizontally from the alignment of a building, mostly at full height . As a means of panel layout it is a typical design elements of the architecture of the Renaissance and the Baroque (and the related historicism ) occurs, however, in other eras on.


The Osteiner Hof with a vaulted entrance central risalit and two corner projections.
Central Risalit
If the risalit is in the middle of the facade, it is referred to as a central risalit .
Side elevation
If it is off-center to one side, it is a side projection .
Corner projection
If two wings running at right angles to each other lead into a risalit, one speaks of a corner risalit .

The term risalit can also be combined with functions:

Entrance Risalit
So there is the entrance plan (in which the entrance is located)
or a torrisalit (in which there is a gate or through which a gate passage leads through).

The opposite the façade of the front facade risalit withdrawing the actual alignment of the structure is called reserve or Arrierecorps (also Arrière-corps , French arrière corps , behind the buildings').


A protruding part of the building above the floor is a bay window . A protruding part of the building, which begins on the ground, but is not as high as the entire structure, is referred to as the Auslucht or Utlucht or Standerker, more openly as Söller .


  • Wilfried Koch : Architectural style. The standard work on European architecture from antiquity to the present. 32nd edition. Prestel, Munich et al. 2014, ISBN 978-3-7913-4997-8 , p. 479.

Web links

Wiktionary: Risalit  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Herder's Conversations Lexicon. Freiburg im Breisgau 1854, Volume 1, p. 354. (on zeno.org).
  2. ^ Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon. 5th edition, Volume 1. Leipzig 1911, p. 131. (on zeno.org).