Federal highway 93
|Bundesautobahn 93 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Overall length:||268 km|
The federal motorway 93 (abbreviation: BAB 93 ) - short form: Autobahn 93 (abbreviation: A 93 ) - is 268 km long and leads from Hof to Holledau and further south from Rosenheim to Kiefersfelden on the German - Austrian border.
It consists of two sections that are not connected: the northern section of the Hochfranken triangle - Holledau triangle and the southern section of the Inntal triangle - Kiefersfelden border crossing ( Austria ). The connection of the two sections was planned, but has not yet been implemented. It is currently under construction as federal highway 15n . At the northern end, the A 93 joins the A 72 in the Hochfranken triangle northeast of Hof near the town of Trogen .
Special situation in Regensburg
In the greater Regensburg area , the four-lane route of the B 16, the so-called "western bypass", was upgraded to a motorway. The motorway cuts through residential areas here. The high density of exits is due to historical reasons: As a rule, the motorway does not have a hard shoulder, but a continuous acceleration or deceleration lane from one entrance to the next exit. At the Regensburg motorway junction, there are no distribution strips on the A 93 side.
The Pfaffensteiner Autobahn bridge is one of only three Danube bridges in the city that can be used without restrictions. This is why this section of the A 93 is also often used for inner-city traffic.
Inntal motorway Rosenheim – Kiefersfelden
The section between Rosenheim and Kiefersfelden is also of great importance, as it represents the beginning of the most important north-south route over the Alps and this route continues through the Inntal and Tyrol to Innsbruck ( Inntal motorway A 12) and beyond the Brenner Pass in the direction of Verona in Italy (Austrian A 13 / Italian A22 Brenner motorway ). That is why there is usually a lot of traffic on this section of the A 93 between the A 8 and the German-Austrian border. Traffic jams often occur, especially at peak times (especially the beginning and end of holidays).
Especially since the EU's eastward expansion , heavy goods traffic on this route has increased significantly, which has placed a heavy burden on the flow of traffic and the road surface. The introduction of the truck toll has not resulted in any significant reduction in traffic. For these reasons, the surface was replaced a few years ago in order to be able to withstand the increased demands. Furthermore, different but still bans affect (weekends, holidays, vacation) in Tyrol and Italy the transport of goods , which then comes almost entirely on this line to a halt. One effect of this is the large number of truck stops and parking spaces in the south of Munich when such a driving ban occurs.
North of Regensburg
The construction history of this motorway stretched over two generations. Work on this motorway began as early as 1936. In 1940, before the war-related closure, the 23-kilometer section between the Holledau and Elsendorf motorway triangle was largely completed. From 1958 this section was at least one-lane, from the beginning of the eighties two-lane. In 1986 the Holledau- Regensburg section was completely finished.
The completion of the northern section up to the Hochfranken triangle took much longer. The first section between Nabburg and Pfreimd was opened in the late 1960s. From there, the autobahn was lengthened piece by piece towards the south to Regensburg. Completion was delayed due to numerous objections and only received political priority with a fatal accident with a tanker on the parallel B15. It was not until the opening of the section at Regenstauf in 1982 that it ran continuously from Regensburg to Pfreimd, and in 1987 to Weiden . The gap at Hof was only closed after reunification and the resulting increased traffic around the city on December 20, 2000. The Hof-Ost junction, which is less than 100 m from the Saxon state border, had to go against the original plan it should run on the former border strip, should be turned to the west for ecological reasons.
South of Regensburg
The A 93 was opened to traffic from the Inntaldreieck to Kiefersfelden in 1965 and to the Austrian border in 1968.
According to the original planning, the motorway, coming from the south, should not swivel west to the B 16 at the Pentling service station (see below), but rather lead into the city from the south in the area of today's university. On this route, which was later abandoned, you can still see the remains of prepared structures.
In the sixties the planning of a continuous motorway connection via Landshut (project name: “Federal motorway A 93 Regensburg-Traunstein”) began. In 1972 the government of Lower Bavaria initiated the regional planning procedure. With the abandonment of the original target direction south of Landshut to Traunstein, the procedure was suspended. With a changed route in the direction of Rosenheim ( Inntal motorway triangle ), the regional planning procedure was re-applied for in 1975 (project name: “Federal motorway A 93 Landshut-Rosenheim”). In the course of the 1970s, these plans were abandoned and the A 93 swiveled west to the A 9. To relieve the motorway ring around Munich , the route was transferred to a four-lane, motorway-like federal road 15n , which is open to traffic between Saalhaupt / Schierling and Essenbach and is under construction from Essenbach to BAB 92. A later upgrade of this road to the federal motorway is possible due to the state of development.
In 2015 there were a total of twelve automatic counting points along the A 93. In the north-south direction, the average daily traffic volume during this period was:
|Counting point||Motor vehicle traffic / day||Heavy traffic / day|
|AD Hochfranken (S) (9096)||20,165||3,986|
|Selb – West (S) (9099)||22,964||4.184|
|Wernberg – Köblitz (S) (9901)||34,375||5,252|
|AK Oberpfälzer Wald (S) (9087)||34,401||5,296|
|Schwandorf – Center (N) (9902)||43,765||6,358|
|Regensburg – Pfaffenstein (N) (9049)||68,298||6,393|
|Regensburg – Königswiesen (S) (9044)||65,433||6,722|
|AK Regensburg (N) (9045)||70,230||6,608|
|Siegenburg (S) (9030)||26,418||2,704|
|AD Inntal (S) (9190)||51,531||8,056|
|Fischbach am Inn (9629)||47,792||7,434|
|Kiefersfelden (S) (9191)||42,492||7,718|
The northern part of the A 93 is used by many travelers as a parallel to the A 9 between the motorway triangles Holledau and Hochfranken together with the A 72 to bypass the greater Nuremberg area. Traffic on this route has increased significantly since German reunification. Nevertheless, the traffic density is significantly lower than on the A 9, which is due to the lack of a larger conurbation along the A 93 (such as the Nuremberg area on the A 9) and to appropriately designed signposts at the two triangles.
Construction progress / planning status
Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030
With regard to the A 93, the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, Building and Transport has registered a project for the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 ( as of March 2016) currently being drawn up (until March 2016 referred to as the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2015 ):
- A 93, A 3 (AK Regensburg) - B 16 (AS Regensburg-Süd).
In the first ministerial draft, this project variant was classified as “no requirement” (KB).
As of January 1, 2016, the responsibilities for the A 93 were as follows:
- in the area of the Hochfranken motorway triangle with the A 72 (4/1) and the Luhe-Wildenau junction (26) at the Windischeschenbach / Rehau motorway maintenance facility,
- in the area of junction Luhe-Wildenau (26) and junction Ponholz (36) at the Oauterhofen / Schwandorf motorway maintenance facility,
- in the area of the junction Ponholz (36) and junction Siegenburg (50) at the Pentling / Pollenried motorway maintenance facility,
- in the area of the junction Siegenburg (50) and the Holledau motorway triangle (55/65) at the Ingolstadt motorway maintenance facility,
- in the area of the Inntal motorway triangle with the A 8 (101/56) and the Kiefersfelden junction (60) at the Rosenheim / Holzkirchen motorway maintenance facility.
- The remains of bridge structures near Leoprechting were demolished in 1970–1980
- New building in 1965
- New building in 1968
- "Route 89" on www.openstreetmap.org
- bast - Federal Highway Research Institute: Automatic counting stations 2015 - A 93 . Online at www.bast.de, accessed on October 21, 2016.
- Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure: Announcement on the participation of the public in the context of the preparation of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 of March 8, 2016 . In: Federal Ministry of Justice and for Consumer Protection (Ed.): Bundesanzeiger . Bundesanzeiger Verlag, Cologne March 14, 2016 ( BAnz AT March 14, 2016 B4 [accessed March 15, 2016]).
- Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior: Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2015 (BVWP 2015) - Project registration for the area of federal highways in Bavaria - Status: March 12, 2013. ( Memento of February 18, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) PDF. Online at www.stmi.bayern.de. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- PRINS: Other projects (road) that are not part of the BVWP 2030 . Online at www.bvwp-projekte.de, accessed on March 22, 2016.
- Supreme building authority in the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, for construction and traffic: Free State of Bavaria - Road overview map - Responsibilities of the motorway maintenance authorities . PDF. January 1, 2016, online at www.baysis.bayern.de, accessed on September 17, 2016.