Czech name: Lesní Nába
upper course to Fichtelnaab: Tirschenreuther Waldnaab
Waldnaab near Falkenberg Castle
|Water code||DE : 14, CZ : 4-01-01-001|
|location||Bavaria , Germany ; Czech Republic|
|Drain over||Naab → Danube → Black Sea|
|confluence||from Fichtelnaab and Tirschenreuther Waldnaab to Waldnaab
|confluence||with the Haidenaab to Naab near Unterwildenau (Gem. Luhe-Wildenau )
|Height difference||approx. 45 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 1.2 ‰|
from Zsfl. Fichtelnaab / Tirschenreuther Waldnaab
|Catchment area||972.42 km²|
| Discharge at the Windischeschenbach
A Eo gauge : 587 km².
Location: 133.7 km above the mouth
|310 l / s
1.43 m³ / s
6.78 m³ / s
11.6 l / (s km²)
72.1 m³ / s
153 m³ / s
| Discharge at the mouth
A Eo : 972.42 km²
|10 m³ / s
10.3 l / (s km²)
The Waldnaab is the left or eastern source river of the Naab in the Upper Palatinate ( Bavaria , Germany ). It is in turn formed by the union of two source rivers, the longer Tirschenreuther Waldnaab from the Upper Palatinate Forest and the more water-rich Fichtelnaab from the Fichtelgebirge . With the Tirschenreuther Waldnaab, it is 99 km long and thus the longer of the Naab source rivers. The Naab reaches a total length of 197 km via this flow path.
The Waldnaab got its name to distinguish it from the other Naab spring rivers . It is derived from the former large forest areas of the Upper Palatinate Forest.
Course and valley landscape
The hydrological data of the two source rivers of the Waldnaab differ only slightly. With an average discharge of 3.7 m³ / s at the mouth, the Fichtelnaab is a little larger than the longer Tirschenreuther Waldnaab.
|Fichtelnaab||3.7 m³ / s||278.47 km²||47.4 km||865 m (at the Ochsenkopf )|
|Tirschenreuther Waldnaab||3.0 m³ / s||298.06 km²||62.5 km||775 m (on Entenbühl )|
The left, eastern source river rises at Czech border in the Upper Palatinate Forest near the high Entenbühl or its smaller brother, the Naabberg ( ). The source , also known as the “Kreuzbrunnen”, is in the Tirschenreuth district , near Silberhütte . The water flows from the spring catchment only three meters on German soil before it touches western Bohemia for two kilometers as Lesní Nába and, flowing to the northwest, crosses the German border again and reaches Bärnau .on the German-
Due to the weather, the water often only emerges a few meters below the disintegrating source, on the Czech side. During the Cold War , the spring at the then strictly guarded border was heavily frequented by walkers or to pick blueberries between the border posts , often under the eyes of border guards on both sides.
After it has left the forest, it is the first village on its course to flow through the Naab of the same name . In Bärnau the Waldnaab bends to the west and flows through the approximately 88 hectare large flood reservoir Liebenstein a little below Bärnau-Thanhausen or north of Plößberg . Then it turns north and reaches Tirschenreuth , where it bends back to the west and flows in numerous meanders through the lake-rich Waldnaabaue.
Past the castle Falkenberg in Falkenberg it reaches now to the southwest flowing, the approximately 12-kilometer-long wooded Waldnaabtal with many granite rock formations on or in the river, such as the Chamber of cars , the table stone or churn , and the former castle places Altneuhaus , Herrnstein and Black surge . To the south of Falkenberg, a section about 6 kilometers long is designated as the Waldnaabtal nature reserve.
The source of Fichtelnaab is located on the southeast slope of the Ochsenkopf ( ) about 800 meters southeast of the source of the White Main and about two kilometers northwest of Fichtelberg or the 10.5 hectares large Ficht Kochel (752 m above sea level. NN). From then on it flows in a broad Muldental generally south-eastwards via the villages of Fichtelberg and Mehlmeisel into the Tirschenreuth district . There the Fichtelnaab arrives via Brand , Ebnath , Neusorg and Erbendorf to Windischeschenbach , where it merges with the Tirschenreuther Waldnaab.
Waldnaab below the confluence
Below the confluence of the Fichtelnaab and Tirschenreuther Waldnaab near Neuhaus near Windischeschenbach , the Waldnaab flows southwards through a wide meadow valley, not far from the A 93 and the B 15 , via Neustadt and Altenstadt to Weiden , where it takes in the Schweinnaab from the west . At Unterwildenau it joins the Haidenaab to form the Naab , which flows into the Danube at Regensburg - Mariaort .
The largest tributaries
|Left tributaries||Right tributaries|
|Tirschenreuther Waldnaab ( 62.3 km )|
|Fichtelnaab ( 47.4 km )|
|Waldnaab from Windischeschenbach ( 36.6 km )|
|The place of the confluence with the Waldnaab in brackets.|
- The Naab - with Waldnaab, Fichtelnaab, Haidenaab. 144 pages, Pustet, Regensburg. ISBN 3-7917-1915-7
- The source of the Waldnaab
- Aerial photos of this landscape; Search word: Waldnaab
- The Waldnaab valley between Falkenberg and Windischeschenbach
- BayernAtlas of the Bavarian State Government ( information )
- The level of the Waldnaab near Windischeschenbach
- Height according to the contour diagram on the BayernAtlas. See the → web links .
- Directory of creek and river areas in Bavaria - Naab river area, page 1 of the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, as of 2016 (PDF; 4.0 MB)
- Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Danube region 2006 Bavarian State Office for the Environment, p. 153, accessed on October 4, 2017, at: bestellen.bayern.de (PDF, German, 24.2 MB).
- Windischeschenbach gauge value increased by the drainage of the remaining catchment area (8l / s.km² to 385.12 km²), determined for the intermediate catchment area of the Windischeschenbach (Waldnaab), Wildenau (Haidenaab), Kettnitzmühle (Ehenbach) and Unterköblitz (Naab) gauges