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Czech name: Lesní Nába
upper course to Fichtelnaab: Tirschenreuther Waldnaab
Waldnaab near Falkenberg Castle

Waldnaab near Falkenberg Castle

Water code DE : 14, CZ : 4-01-01-001
location Bavaria , Germany ; Czech Republic
River system Danube
Drain over Naab  → Danube  → Black Sea
confluence from Fichtelnaab and Tirschenreuther Waldnaab to Waldnaab
49 ° 48 ′ 28 ″  N , 12 ° 9 ′ 47 ″  E
Source height 424  m above sea level NN
confluence with the Haidenaab to Naab near Unterwildenau (Gem. Luhe-Wildenau ) Coordinates: 49 ° 36 '10 "  N , 12 ° 7' 57"  E 49 ° 36 '10 "  N , 12 ° 7' 57"  E
Mouth height approx.  379  m above sea level NN 
Height difference approx. 45 m
Bottom slope approx. 1.2 ‰
length 36.6 km 
from Zsfl. Fichtelnaab / Tirschenreuther Waldnaab
99.1 km
with Tirschenreuther Waldnaab
Catchment area 972.42 km²
Discharge at the Windischeschenbach
A Eo gauge : 587 km².
Location: 133.7 km above the mouth
NNQ (07/19/1964)
MNQ 1957–2006
MQ 1957–2006
Mq 1957–2006
MHQ 1957–2006
HHQ (12/30/1986)
310 l / s
1.43 m³ / s
6.78 m³ / s
11.6 l / (s km²)
72.1 m³ / s
153 m³ / s
Discharge  at the mouth
A Eo : 972.42 km²
10 m³ / s
10.3 l / (s km²)

The Waldnaab is the left or eastern source river of the Naab in the Upper Palatinate ( Bavaria , Germany ). It is in turn formed by the union of two source rivers, the longer Tirschenreuther Waldnaab from the Upper Palatinate Forest and the more water-rich Fichtelnaab from the Fichtelgebirge . With the Tirschenreuther Waldnaab, it is 99 km long and thus the longer of the Naab source rivers. The Naab reaches a total length of 197 km via this flow path.


The Waldnaab got its name to distinguish it from the other Naab spring rivers . It is derived from the former large forest areas of the Upper Palatinate Forest.

Course and valley landscape

The hydrological data of the two source rivers of the Waldnaab differ only slightly. With an average discharge of 3.7 m³ / s at the mouth, the Fichtelnaab is a little larger than the longer Tirschenreuther Waldnaab.

length (Source
Fichtelnaab 3.7 m³ / s 278.47 km² 47.4 km 865 m (at the Ochsenkopf )
Tirschenreuther Waldnaab 3.0 m³ / s 298.06 km² 62.5 km 775 m (on Entenbühl )

Tirschenreuther Waldnaab

Meadow on the Waldnaab

The left, eastern source river rises at 816  m above sea level. NN on the German- Czech border in the Upper Palatinate Forest near the 901  m high Entenbühl or its smaller brother, the Naabberg ( 853  m above sea  level ). The source , also known as the “Kreuzbrunnen”, is in the Tirschenreuth district , near Silberhütte . The water flows from the spring catchment only three meters on German soil before it touches western Bohemia for two kilometers as Lesní Nába and, flowing to the northwest, crosses the German border again and reaches Bärnau .

Due to the weather, the water often only emerges a few meters below the disintegrating source, on the Czech side. During the Cold War , the spring at the then strictly guarded border was heavily frequented by walkers or to pick blueberries between the border posts , often under the eyes of border guards on both sides.

Boulders in the Waldnaab Valley

After it has left the forest, it is the first village on its course to flow through the Naab of the same name . In Bärnau the Waldnaab bends to the west and flows through the approximately 88 hectare large flood reservoir Liebenstein a little below Bärnau-Thanhausen or north of Plößberg . Then it turns north and reaches Tirschenreuth , where it bends back to the west and flows in numerous meanders through the lake-rich Waldnaabaue.

Past the castle Falkenberg in Falkenberg it reaches now to the southwest flowing, the approximately 12-kilometer-long wooded Waldnaabtal with many granite rock formations on or in the river, such as the Chamber of cars , the table stone or churn , and the former castle places Altneuhaus , Herrnstein and Black surge . To the south of Falkenberg, a section about 6 kilometers long is designated as the Waldnaabtal nature reserve.


The source of Fichtelnaab is located on the southeast slope of the Ochsenkopf ( 1024  m above sea level.  NN ) about 800 meters southeast of the source of the White Main and about two kilometers northwest of Fichtelberg or the 10.5  hectares large Ficht Kochel (752 m above sea level. NN). From then on it flows in a broad Muldental generally south-eastwards via the villages of Fichtelberg and Mehlmeisel into the Tirschenreuth district . There the Fichtelnaab arrives via Brand , Ebnath , Neusorg and Erbendorf to Windischeschenbach , where it merges with the Tirschenreuther Waldnaab.

Waldnaab below the confluence

water paddle
Icy Waldnaab near Neustadt
Waldnaab and Haidenaab merge to form Naab (2016)

Below the confluence of the Fichtelnaab and Tirschenreuther Waldnaab near Neuhaus near Windischeschenbach , the Waldnaab flows southwards through a wide meadow valley, not far from the A 93 and the B 15 , via Neustadt and Altenstadt to Weiden , where it takes in the Schweinnaab from the west . At Unterwildenau it joins the Haidenaab to form the Naab , which flows into the Danube at Regensburg - Mariaort .

The largest tributaries

Left tributaries Right tributaries
Tirschenreuther Waldnaab ( 62.3 km )
Fichtelnaab ( 47.4 km )
  • Kratzebach
  • Fuhrbach
  • Gregnitz
  • Höllbach
  • Trout stream
  • Moosbach
  • Fallbach
  • Geisbach
  • Saugrabenbach
  • Goldbach
  • Witzelbach
  • Felberger Bach
  • Tiefenbach
  • Galgenbach
  • Steinbach
Waldnaab from Windischeschenbach ( 36.6 km )
The place of the confluence with the Waldnaab in brackets.


  • The Naab - with Waldnaab, Fichtelnaab, Haidenaab. 144 pages, Pustet, Regensburg. ISBN 3-7917-1915-7

Web links

Commons : Waldnaab  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Height according to the contour diagram on the BayernAtlas. See the →  web links .
  2. a b c d Directory of creek and river areas in Bavaria - Naab river area, page 1 of the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, as of 2016 (PDF; 4.0 MB)
  3. ^ Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Danube region 2006 Bavarian State Office for the Environment, p. 153, accessed on October 4, 2017, at: bestellen.bayern.de (PDF, German, 24.2 MB).
  4. Windischeschenbach gauge value increased by the drainage of the remaining catchment area (8l / s.km² to 385.12 km²), determined for the intermediate catchment area of ​​the Windischeschenbach (Waldnaab), Wildenau (Haidenaab), Kettnitzmühle (Ehenbach) and Unterköblitz (Naab) gauges
  5. www.waldnaab.com