|Bundesstrasse 85 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||493 km|
|Federal road 85 near Cham|
The Federal Highway 85 (abbreviation: B 85 ) is a German national road with a length of 493 km. It begins near Berga on the northern edge of the Kyffhäuser , runs southeast across Thuringia and Bavaria past Bayreuth , Amberg and Cham (Upper Palatinate) and finally ends in the three-river city of Passau .
Places along the B 85: Berga - Bad Frankenhausen / Kyffhäuser - Kölleda - Weimar - Rudolstadt - Saalfeld / Saale - Ludwigsstadt - Kronach - Kulmbach - Bayreuth - Pegnitz - Auerbach in the Upper Palatinate - Sulzbach-Rosenberg - Amberg - Schwandorf - Bruck idOPf. - Roding - Cham - Viechtach - Regen - Schönberg (Lower Bavaria) - Tittling - Passau
The predecessor was Reichsstraße 85 Berga - Bayreuth - Vilseck - Amberg - Passau . Between Bad Frankenhausen / Kyffhäuser and Passau, the B 85 is part of the tourist beer and castle road , between Cham and Passau part of the old Bavarian Ostmarkstraße , which was completed in 1938.
Course and expansion
After the opening of the Südharzautobahn A 38 between Nordhausen and Roßla , the B 85 in Berga in the district of Mansfeld-Südharz was extended from the intersection with the former B 80 to the motorway entrance in an easterly direction.
Starting at the intersection with the former federal highway 80 , the B 85 runs south through Berga, and leaves the place after crossing the Sangerhausen-Nordhausen railway line . To the east of the Kelbra dam , the B 85 crosses the Helme and Kelbra .
After the B 85 has left Kelbra, the main road crosses the Kyffhäuser. The northern part of the crossing is very popular with motorcyclists due to its 36 double curves. For this reason, these 4 km are very accident-prone, especially in the summer months. The federal road continues through the Kyffhäuser directly past Rathsfeld Castle and finally crosses Bad Frankenhausen , bypassing the old town.
The B 85 continues past the Kyffhäuser barracks via Seehausen (Bad Frankenhausen) to Oldisleben in a south-easterly direction. The B 85 continues in a southerly direction along the Unstrut to Sachsenburg through the Thuringian Gate , after leaving this the B 85 runs along the Sangerhausen – Erfurt railway line , which is crossed three times, through the towns of Gorsleben and Etzleben . The federal highway 71 is bridged south of Etzleben . From 2009 to August 2015 this ended at the federal highway.
The B 85 continues through Schillingstedt to Kölleda , where the federal highway 176 is crossed. After leaving Kölleda, the B 85 crosses the Straußfurt – Großheringen railway line , known as the Pfefferminzbahn, three times, as well as the towns of Großneuhausen and Olbersleben . The new Erfurt – Leipzig / Halle line is crossed south of Olbersleben .
District Weimarer Land / City of Weimar
South of Großobringen, the B 85 reaches Weimar with its Schöndorf district . In this she meets the federal road 7 with which she is led together to Nohra . The center of Weimar is bypassed by a north-western bypass. The route through southern Weimar and Legefeld was downgraded in 2015. Since then, the B 85 has been running via Troistedt to Bad Berka . Between Nohra and Troistedt the federal highway 4 is crossed at the junction Nohra. After Bad Berka, the B 85 continues via Blankenhain to Rudolstadt.
District of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
After reaching the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district , the main road crosses the town of Teichel , which was one of the smallest towns in the GDR. The road then follows the Gornitzbach and the Rinne via Teichröda , Ammelstädt and Pflanzwirbach to Rudolstadt , where they flow into the Saale , which is now followed by the B 85 together with the B 88 and the Saalbahn , both of which lead to Jena. At Schwarza the common course ends with the B 88, which continues to Ilmenau . The B 85 meets the Arnstadt – Saalfeld railway line , along which the main road now leads to Saalfeld . Due to the traffic load, the road is to be expanded to four lanes here. The old town of Saalfeld has already been relieved with a bypass road, whereby the main road now affects the city to the east. The rest of the route follows the Leipzig – Probstzella railway line to the Bavarian border.
District of Kronach
In the north of the Kronach district , the main road between Förtschendorf and Steinbach am Wald overcomes a height difference of around 100 meters over a length of three kilometers. In winter road conditions, the section of the route, which had several relatively narrow curves with radii between 80 and 130 meters in combination with steep climbs, was often obstructed by broken down trucks . For this reason, the road was expanded from 2011 to 2014 with three lanes, flatter climbs and larger curve radii of 200 to 300 meters. The first section, around 1.9 kilometers long, from Förtschendorf to the confluence with the KC 18 district road was built from April 2011 and released in autumn 2012. The approximately 1.4 km long second section from the confluence of the district road to Steinbach am Wald followed in 2013/14. On May 24, 2014, the entire 3.3-kilometer route was officially opened to traffic with a ceremony that was also attended by Bavarian Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann .
A total of around twelve million euros had to be spent on expanding the road section. The reason for this comparatively high sum is the very extensive earthmoving work with a volume of around 710,000 t and the necessary slope stabilization work. For reasons of space, the slope on the mountain side of the road has a significantly steeper angle than is usually the case; In order to minimize the risk of falling rocks, steel nets were therefore installed along the entire length to secure the slopes. In the area of the section completed in 2012 alone, 30,000 square meters of steel mesh were fastened with 7,000 rock nails.
District of Kulmbach
In a two-year construction period, an approximately 3.5 km long section in the northern city of Kulmbach was expanded. Previously, the main road was led over a narrow and winding route through the Lösau forest and was a hotspot for accidents. The main road was leveled and the roadway widened, the curve radii were enlarged.
A four-lane expansion of the federal road from the southern urban area of Kulmbach to the Kulmbach / Neudrossenfeld junction to the federal motorway 70 is planned . Violent public protests have stopped the construction project for the time being, now the plan is to be reduced to a three-lane route in the 2 + 1 system. From the public side, the reason for the expansion is that they want to connect Kulmbach better to the motorway in order to bring more industry and commerce into the city. Opponents point out that a time saving of less than two minutes over seven kilometers does not justify this major project and that there will also be increased noise pollution for the residents, which cannot be counteracted enough.
District of Amberg-Sulzbach and Amberg
Between Sulzbach-Rosenberg and Amberg, a three-lane expansion in five construction phases was completed between 2001 and 2013. A four-lane expansion to a length of 2.4 kilometers between the A6, Amberg-Ost and Pittersberg is an urgent requirement of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030.
In October 2009, the four-lane expansion of the B 85 near Wackersdorf in the Schwandorf district was completed after a two-year construction period. In December 2009, the four-lane expansion of the B85 between Altenschwand and Bodenwöhr was completed. At Mappenberg, the B 85 has been expanded to three lanes.
A four-lane expansion of B 85 from the A 93, motorway junction 33 " Schwandorf-center " to the branch to the B 16 at Altenkreith (Roding, district of Cham) provides the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 in the further need with planning law before, that is, after the 2030th
In the Cham district, the B 85 is very well developed, and further expansion plans are in place.
The planning approval procedure for the 4 km long bypass of the Roding district of Neubäu has been running since 2010 . At that time, the cost was estimated at 13.4 million euros. The planning approval decision was issued in March 2013 and became legally valid in January 2015. According to the publicly laid out documents, this section is to be built with 3 lanes for so-called 2 + 1 operation. Construction began in November 2015. The largest structure will be the 83 meter long bridge over a biotope (pond) and the Hauser Bach . The bypass was opened to traffic on November 16, 2018. The construction costs amounted to 28 million euros, after 19 million euros had originally been estimated.
Between the Rodingen districts of Neubäu and Altenkreith , the B 85 is over-wide. There are plans for the 4-lane expansion for the Altenkreith bypass from the confluence of the B 16 and the subsequent section at Roding.
The 4-lane expansion of the section near Wetterfeld (between Piendling and Wulfing ) began on August 1, 2012. The tunneling under the Wetterfeld area began in 2014. It was opened to traffic on October 27, 2016.
On December 5, 2007, the motorway-like expansion of the 8.2 km long section of the B 85 between Cham-Wulfing and the Cham-Süd junction (connection to the B 20 ) was completed after a three-year construction period. Since then, it has had two lanes in each direction, separated by a crash barrier. This section of the route in the city of Cham connects individual districts with three junctions. In addition, the B 85 north of Neubäu has four lanes.
The Chameregg bypass has been accessible since August 7, 2010. This 1.9 km long and four million euro expensive new building was constructed between April 2009 and August 2010.
In the near future, the B 85 in the Regen district will be expanded by building overtaking lanes in several places.
It is planned to combine the accident-prone junctions "Rehau" and "Antonius" in the Viechtach municipality. In 2013, the Passau road construction authority presented plans for a bridge over the B 85, two roundabouts and a total of seven adjacent lanes. The four million euro project is very controversial among the Viechtachers. A traffic light is currently regulating the traffic at the Rehau entrance.
At Ayrhof, the federal road is to be expanded to three lanes as far as the service area on the Aitnach.
To the east of Viechtach, the junction in Fernsdorf and the crossing of the B 85 were equipped with a separate lane. This crossing and the Ayrhof crossing were equipped with crossing aids.
The confluence of the B 11 into the B 85 in the area of the Patersdorf community has been expanded. A roundabout with a bypass has been set up here.
On August 19, 2013, the groundbreaking ceremony for the 1.4 km long and 3.5 million euro three-lane expansion took place at Marcher Berg west of Regen, in order to allow the traffic, which is blocked in winter by black ice and slow trucks, to flow better . In 2014 the section was opened to traffic.
In the Freyung-Grafenau district, there are still two through-roads in Eberhartsreuth and shortly thereafter in Gumpenreit. The planned bypasses have a length of 2.4 and 1.6 km and expected costs of 17.3 and 2.5 million euros.
In addition, the subsequent route to Preying has not been developed. It has tight curves, a narrow road cross-section and steep gradients. A completely new building is planned here in the medium term. This section should have a length of 4.0 km and cost 12.3 million euros. A motorway feeder from Grafenau via Thurmannsbang to Eging is to be connected to the B 85.
All three projects are classified in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan as “further needs”.
District of Passau
From August 8, 2005 to July 21, 2009, construction was carried out on the bypass of Neukirchen vorm Wald in the Passau district . The 5.2 km long route cost 19.6 million euros. The first part of this bypass at Sittenberg was provisionally put into operation in September 2007 and fully operational in early August 2008. The Neukirchen bypass went into operation a year later on July 21, 2009. This means that the B 85 is free of local traffic in the entire Passau district.
Relocation / expansion plans
Due to the parallel federal motorway 71 , the B 85 is to be graduated between Hauenthal and Sachsenburg . At the same time, it is to be relocated to the current L 1058 from Hauenthal to Frohndorf, where there is a connection to the federal highway 71. The western part of the Sömmerda bypass is also planned as federal highway 85.
- List of European roads
- List of federal highways in Germany
- List of motorway-like roads
- Beer and Castle Road
- The B 85 as a tourist "beer and castle street"
- The B 85 in the Kyffhäuser area
- Prominence releases traffic on B 85 near Cham
- The end of the work on the B85 between Bodenwöhr and Altenschwand is approaching
- Cham bypass with three lanes; Höflarn - Wackersdorf four-lane motorway-like
- B 85 OU Buttelstedt. In: Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2030. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, December 2, 2012, accessed on September 10, 2017 .
- B 85 Schwarza - Saalfeld. In: Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2030. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, December 2, 2016, accessed on September 10, 2017 .
- Peter Fiedler: From 2011 onwards there will finally be construction. Neue Presse Coburg , October 14, 2010, accessed on March 25, 2013 .
- Christian Kreuzer: Expansion completed: Free travel to Hirschfeld. Neue Presse Coburg, September 28, 2012, accessed on March 25, 2013 .
- Bianca Hennings: Expansion at supersonic speed. Neue Presse Coburg, May 30, 2013, accessed on June 1, 2013 .
- Bianca Hennings: The end of the ten-year project . In: New Press Coburg . May 26, 2014, p. 7 .
- Upper Palatinate Media - The New Day: Bundesstraße 85 now six kilometers in length with three lanes . In: onetz.de . ( onetz.de [accessed April 17, 2017]).
- B85 three-lane expansion between Amberg and Sulzbach-Rosenberg. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 18, 2017 ; Retrieved April 17, 2017 .
- BMVI - Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2030. August 3, 2016, accessed on April 16, 2017 ( direct to the PDF file ).
- Federal Law Gazette. (PDF) Retrieved April 16, 2017 .
- B 85 opened to traffic at Neubau. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, November 16, 2018, accessed on July 28, 2019 .
- B 85 - bypass Neubäu. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 18, 2017 ; Retrieved April 17, 2017 .
- Peter Nicklas: CSU would like more pressure for the B-16 connection . Ed .: Bayerwald Echo. October 14, 2010 ( Online [PDF; 180 kB ; accessed on November 11, 2011]). Online ( Memento from January 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Politicians open B85 at Wetterfeld. (No longer available online.) Bayerischer Rundfunk, archived from the original on October 28, 2016 (project page).
- Mittelbayerische.de: The tunnel in Wetterfeld is open . In: Mittelbayerische Zeitung . ( Mittelbayerische.de [accessed on April 17, 2017]).
- B 176 OU Kölleda in the project information system of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030
- B 85 OU Sömmerda-West in the project information system of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030