|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Height :||340 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||14.65 km 2|
|Residents:||3783 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||258 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95500|
|Primaries :||0921, 09203|
|License plate :||BT, EBS , ESB , KEM , MÜB , PEG|
|Community key :||09 4 72 150|
|LOCODE :||DE RRQ|
|Community structure:||18 parts of the community|
|Address of the
|Kulmbacher Str. 14
|Mayoress :||Simone Kirschner ( CSU )|
|Location of the community of Heinersreuth in the Bayreuth district|
Heinersreuth is a municipality and a town in the district of Bayreuth ( Upper Franconia administrative district ) and is located about four kilometers northwest of the district town on the B 85 . Since the municipal reform in 1973, the former municipalities of Altenplos, Cottenbach and Unterwaiz belong to the political municipality .
The municipality is largely shaped by the valley of the Red Main . In total, the river flows through the municipal area of for around five kilometers (Heinersreuth) at (Altenplos). One of the highest and best-known elevations in the municipality is the widely visible Bleyer ( ), on the slopes of which large parts of Heinersreuth are located.
Local history and coat of arms
Heinersreuth was first mentioned in writing as a small settlement in 1396. The coat of arms of the municipality reminds of the lords of Weiher, who can be proven to be the landlords in Heinersreuth from 1464 until their extinction in 1604 and in Altenplos from 1464 to 1549, as well as the lords of Wallenrode , who lived in Altenplos from 1549 to 1728. The former office of the Prussian Principality of Bayreuth , which had been Prussian since 1792 , fell to France in the Peace of Tilsit in 1807 and became part of Bavaria in 1810.
Altenplos Castle, built around 1740 and once the residence of the Barons von Stein, is located in the Altenplos district to the northwest of the city center . The baroque building was designed by the architect Johann Friedrich Grael and built on the remains of a late medieval castle. Extensive renovation work was carried out on the castle, so that the building is in good condition today.
The majority of the population is traditionally Protestant. The Evangelical Reconciliation Church was consecrated in 1937.
On January 1, 1978, the previously independent community of Altenplos was incorporated. On May 1, 1978, Cottenbach and Unterwaiz and part of the dissolved Altdrossenfeld community were added. On January 1, 2011, part of the Bayreuth district was incorporated.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the community grew from 3362 to 3742 by 380 inhabitants or 11.3%. A peak was reached on December 31, 1996 with 3914 inhabitants.
On December 31, 2009, 3746 inhabitants lived on the territory of the municipality, after 3756 inhabitants had been counted in 2000.
The following table shows the population development of the districts between 1840 and 1990, whereby the column Other relates to the remaining districts of Dürrwiesen, Lichtentanne and Sorg. Agricultural districts, such as B. Cottenbach, have a rather stagnant population, while the population of the entire municipality has more than doubled.
The building of the Heinersreuth town hall was built as a school building at the beginning of the 20th century. After the current schoolhouse opened in 1963, rental apartments were temporarily housed in the building. The conversion to a modern town hall began in autumn 1988 and took two years. On September 15, 1990, the town hall was inaugurated and presented to the residents with an open day .
Mayor from 1996 to 2014 was Hans Dötsch (SPD). His predecessor was Arnold Gebelein (SPD).
In May 2014, Simone Kirschner (CSU) took over the office of mayor for the first time in the history of the local community.
|Party / list||2002||2008||2014|
|Young list Rotmaintal||n / A||2||n / A|
In 2010 the municipal tax revenue was € 2,216,000, of which € 377,000 was business tax revenue (net).
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In blue a left-turning, soaring silver heron, with a silver tag with a diamond-shaped red belt buckle on its left muzzle."|
The municipality maintains partnerships with the following municipalities:
freetime and sports
In Heinersreuth there is an eco-trail with six signposted stations (edge of the village, meadow meadows, forest, Main, street, field / rain / hedge). In the community there are three general maps showing five hiking trails with lengths between 9 and 16 kilometers.
Since 1921, two sports clubs, SV Heinersreuth and SC Altenplos, have been represented in Heinersreuth, offering tennis, table tennis, bowling and gymnastics as well as football.
The first men's soccer team of SC Altenplos played in the 2013/2014 season in the district league II Bayreuth / Kulmbach and finished the season as third in the table. The SV Heinersreuth team played in the district class Bayreuth-Kulmbach 4 in the 2013/2014 season and was able to narrowly prevent relegation with rank 12.
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2010, according to official statistics, there were 155 employees in the manufacturing sector and 107 in the trade and transport sector at the place of work. There were a total of 1308 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There was one company in the manufacturing sector and three companies in the construction sector. In addition, there were 18 farms with an agricultural area of at least two hectares, which farmed a total of 912 hectares; of which 504 hectares were arable land and 286 hectares were permanent green space. In 2012 VEMA , Germany's largest cooperative association of independent insurance brokers, moved its headquarters to Unterkonnersreuth.
In 2011 there were the following educational institutions:
- three kindergartens; 145 of a total of 146 kindergarten places were occupied
- an elementary school with seven teachers for 114 pupils (school year 2010/2011)
The federal road 85 , which is part of the beer and castle road in this section , runs through Heinersreuth . The municipality of Heinersreuth applied for the B 85 to be downgraded to a state road . This should not only be implemented through different signage, but also through dismantling, i.e. narrowing the street, in order to reduce traffic by 70%. This was a controversial issue because, conversely, lanes on the B 85 are being widened elsewhere in order to remove hazardous areas. For this purpose, the municipality of Heinersreuth applied for the B 85 to be relocated to the A 70, which was rejected by the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior because the road was properly classified. The Ministry wrote in its reason for the rejection that relief is only possible by bypassing the location. A feasibility study has already been carried out for this. The result was that a bypass can be implemented on both sides. Because of the 15,000 vehicles that drive through Heinersreuth every day, it can be assumed that the town center is relieved by a bypass.
Heinersreuth was on the Bayreuth Altstadt – Kulmbach railway line . The last train passed through the town in 1973. After that, the line was shut down and the tracks were removed.
Heinersreuth is on the popular Main Cycle Route . The Heinersreuthers are enthusiastic cyclists and work together to improve bike paths. There is a danger point when crossing the cycle path at Hahnenhof, so another cycle path should be built so that the B 85 no longer has to be crossed there.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Hans Friedel (1871–1937), commercial director and board member of Lonza AG (today Lonza Group ) in Basel, president of the German Chamber of Commerce in Switzerland, patron and honorary citizen of his home community
- Friedrich Schönauer (1904–1950), trade unionist and politician, was born in the Altenplos district
- Rolf Schmidt-Holtz (* 1948), journalist, former editor-in-chief at WDR and the magazine stern , since 2001 CEO of the Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG)
- Gert Hübner (1962–2016), Germanist at the University of Basel
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Heinersreuth . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 2 : El-H . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1800, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753081 , Sp. 558 ( digitized version ).
- Heinz Friedel: Did you know? Do you remember? History and stories from the community of Heinersreuth. Rabenstein, Bayreuth 2006
- Hermann Beck, Arnold Gebelein, Norbert Hübsch, Eugen Maisel and Thomas Pöhlmann: Home on the Red Main. Heinersreuth municipality 1993
- Georg Paul Hönn : Heinersreuth . In: Lexicon Topographicum of the Franconian Craises . Johann Georg Lochner, Frankfurt and Leipzig 1747, p. 257 ( digitized version ).
- Anneliese Uckele: Ortsfamilienbuch Heinersreuth 1559-1900 with Denzenlohe, Flur, Vollhof and Tannenbach. A family history investigation. Nuremberg 2008. ISBN 978-3-929865-56-1
- Anneliese Uckele: Local family book Cottenbach near Heinersreuth (1596-1900) with Hahnenhof, Hermannshof, Martinsreuth and Unterkonnersreuth. With a historical introduction by Marina Heller. Nuremberg 2016 (writings on the history of persons, special volumes of the GFF, 8). ISBN 978-3-929865-67-7
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mayor and municipal council. Heinersreuth community, accessed on August 15, 2020 .
- Community Heinersreuth in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on January 5, 2020.
- Community of Heinersreuth: Altenplos Castle ( Memento from February 9, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 676 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Heinersreuth in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- partner communities. fehring.at - Fehring Municipality and Tourism Association, accessed on March 1, 2015 .
- City portrait - partner communities - districts. (No longer available online.) City of Hoyerswerda, archived from the original on May 3, 2015 ; accessed on March 1, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.