|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 53 ' N , 11 ° 14' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Management Community :||Hollfeld|
|Height :||414 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||29.41 km 2|
|Residents:||1291 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||44 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||91347|
|Primaries :||09198, 09274, 09204|
|License plate :||BT, EBS , ESB , KEM , MÜB , PEG|
|Community key :||09 4 72 115|
|Community structure:||10 parish parts|
|Address of the
|First Mayor :||Alexander Schrüfer (Sachsendorf-Neuhaus shared flat)|
|Location of the community Aufseß in the district of Bayreuth|
Aufseß is a municipality in the Upper Franconian district of Bayreuth and a member of the Hollfeld administrative community .
Aufseß is located in the middle of Franconian Switzerland on the Burgenstrasse and the Franconian Beer Route . The river of the same name flows through the town.
Neighboring communities are (starting from the north clockwise): Hollfeld , Plankenfels , Waischenfeld , Wiesenttal , Heiligenstadt in Upper Franconia and Königsfeld .
There are 10 officially named parts of the municipality (the type of place is given in brackets ):
Noble family von Aufseß
The noble family von Aufseß was first mentioned in 1114. The two castles Unteraufseß and Oberaufseß are still residences of the noble family of the Barons von Aufseß. The best-known member of the noble family was Hans von und zu Aufseß , the founder of the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg . The rule of the barons of Aufseß, who also belonged to the Franconian knight circle, was mediatized in 1806 and came to Bavaria with the Rhine Confederation Act . In the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria, today's municipality was created with the municipal edict of 1818 .
The poet Joseph Victor von Scheffel mentioned the village Aufseß in the song cycle Exodus cantorum , in which he greeted the "rose on blue shields":
- "Then greet us at the Aufseß tower
- The rose of blue shields,
- A scribe knight
- Hold them in grave gentleness.
- In the chapel he has
- The crypt and coffin have already been ordered,
- But he is still fresh and virtuous,
- If he pleases Hirz. "
Jewish community in Aufseß
A Jewish community existed in Aufseß , the history of which probably goes back to the 14th century. After the destruction of the entire place in the Thirty Years' War and the plague ended the history of the first Jewish settlement, Jews again settled in Aufseß under the protection of Carl Heinrich von Aufseß in the early 18th century. In 1722 a synagogue and the still existing Jewish cemetery were built there. In 1840 the Jewish share of the population reached its peak at 17.5% (105 out of a total of 600 inhabitants), only to then decline again due to emigration. At the beginning of the National Socialist era in 1933, there were eleven Jewish people living in Aufseß, three of whom were able to emigrate to the United States and one of whom died in the village. The last Jews left the place after the November pogroms in 1938 . SA men from Heiligenstadt and SS men from Bayreuth had ravaged the apartments of five Jews in November 1938, who were then arrested and mistreated. Four high officials from Aufseß were also involved in the violence. At least 16 Jews born or temporarily resident in Aufseß fell victim to the Holocaust .
Feuerbach's fall from Sachsendorf
Sachsendorf became known worldwide through the famous lawyer Paul Johann Anselm von Feuerbach (1775–1835) in his filing of strange crimes . 1808/09 was the prominent Johannes Jagenholz, called " Satrap ", the local Baron Heusslein von Eußenheim 's judicial officer . At his wedding with Elisabetha Dorothea geb. Chamber from Kissingen was the bailiff Karl-Eugen Schell from Kainach best man and later twice godfather. The Jagenholz were friends with the royal Bavarian judicial officer Wolfgang Konrad Glaser in Kasendorf and his wife. Ms. Glaser was murdered with arsenic on August 26, 1808 by her housekeeper Anna Margaretha Zwanziger . Sachsendorf and his prominent Jagendorf family of lawyers have become known through the publication of the poison murder by Feuerbach as well as numerous reprints and stories.
On April 1, 1971, the former community of Sachsendorf was incorporated into Neuhaus. On May 1, 1978 Neuhaus and the main part of the dissolved community of Hochstahl came to Aufseß.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population fell from 1313 to 1287 by 26 or 2%. A peak was reached on December 31, 2003 with 1,397 inhabitants.
The 2020 local elections resulted in the following distribution of seats in the local council :
- Electoral community Sachsendorf-Neuhaus 5 seats
- Common list has 4 seats
- Electoral community Hochstahl 3 seats
The municipality Aufseß has been a member of the association for regional development “Around the Neubürg - Fränkische Schweiz e. V. "
As a variant of the tradition, especially in Franconian Switzerland, of decorating fountains at Easter, the bridge over the Aufseß leading to Schloss Unteraufseß is decorated as an Easter bridge from Palm Sunday to the Sunday after Easter .
The community had the highest density of breweries in 2001 and received an entry in the Guinness Book of Records for it . There are four breweries in the municipality: Reichold Brewery, Hochstahl - Rothenbach Brewery, Aufseß - Stadter Brewery, Sachsendorf - Kathi-Bräu, Heckenhof. These so-called “world record breweries” are connected to an approximately 13-kilometer brewery hiking trail that leads past all four breweries.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Albrecht von und zu Aufseß (1925–2013), forest manager and chairman of the board of Evangeliums-Rundfunk (ERF)
- Sebastian Adam Karl Sommer (1796–1865), ev.-luth. Pastor and writer
- Hans von und zu Aufseß (1801–1872), archaeologist and founder of the "Germanic Museum" (today the Germanic National Museum )
- Max Kraussold (1833–1901), pastor, member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Magda Kelber (1908–1987), social worker, social pedagogue, Quaker
- Matthias Neukirch (* 1963), actor
- Günther Reichold (* 1965), soccer player
- Hans Max von Aufseß (1906–1993), writer
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Aufsees . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 1 : A-egg . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1799, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753073 , Sp. 198 ( digitized version ).
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Aufsees . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 6 : V-Z . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1804, DNB 790364328 , OCLC 833753116 , Sp. 599-600 ( digitized version ).
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Aufseß . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 597-598 ( digitized version ).
- Local government
- Entry on the coat of arms of Aufseß in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ^ Municipality of Aufseß: Municipal administration. Retrieved May 24, 2020 .
- ^ Community Aufseß in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on January 5, 2020.
- ↑ When Hitler visited the Teufelshöhle in: Nordbayerischer Kurier of December 9, 2019, p. 15.
- ^ Commemorative Book - Victims of Persecution of the Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny 1933–1945 . As of May 19, 2011.
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 452 .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 676 .
- ↑ City of Hollfeld - municipal elections 2020. Accessed on June 6, 2020 .
- ↑ About us - The Neubürg at a glance - Neubürg. Accessed June 8, 2020 (German).
- ↑ World's Best Beers: One Thousand Craft Brews from Cask to Glass by Ben McFarland (English)
- ↑ Course of the brewery hiking trail (accessed on March 3, 2013)