|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Franconia|
|Height :||304 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||92.79 km 2|
|Residents:||25,866 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||279 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||95326|
|Area code :||09221|
|License plate :||KU, EBS , SAN|
|Community key :||09 4 77 128|
|City structure:||76 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Ingo Lehmann ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Kulmbach in the district of Kulmbach|
The city is known for the local brewery , the Plassenburg , which houses the German Museum of Pewter Figures, the largest collection of pewter figures in the world, and for the bratwurst produced in Kulmbach .
Kulmbach is located in the middle of the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Franconia, about 25 km northwest of Bayreuth . The distance to Hof , Bamberg and Coburg is about the same. On the western edge of the city, the two source rivers, the Red and the White Main , create the Main .
The city of Kulmbach is divided into 76 districts:
First settlement and Count of Schweinfurt
A small settlement in today's Spiegel district is known from around 900 AD, which consisted of a forester's yard and a reinforced courtyard to protect the Main crossing at the Grünwehr. The area later passed to the Counts of Schweinfurt , who were mostly represented by the whale pots in the exercise of power.
The name Kulmbach was first mentioned as kulma in a deed of donation in the Alcuin Bible between 1028 and 1040. The name comes from a stream that comes down from the mountain (Culmin-aha, Culmna). This brook was later renamed coal brook due to a misunderstanding.
Counts of Dießen-Andechs
When the male line of the Schweinfurt counts died out, Kulmbach came to the Dießen-Andechser family through the marriage of the heiress Gisela with Count Arnold von Dießen .
The counts acquired further areas around Kulmbach, built the first fortress Plassenburg in the first third of the twelfth century and founded a market settlement and a church in what is now the Upper Town. The Andechser received in 1180 by Emperor Barbarossa the Imperial Prince, and the title of duke of Meranien after Marano between Venice and Trieste (now Marano ). Around 1231 Kulmbach received city rights. Instead of the old Plassenburg, the location of which is not certain, the dukes built a new castle on a mountain spur above Kulmbach. With the last Duke of Merania, Otto II, who died childless in 1248, the rule of the Meranians ended .
Orlamünder and Hohenzollern (until 1553)
After years of inheritance disputes, the rule of Plassenburg and thus Kulmbach fell to the Thuringian counts of Orlamünde in 1260 . The Orlamünder completed the new Plassenburg and founded the Himmelkron monastery . Finally they pawned the castle and town. In 1340, after the death of the last Orlamünde, the burgraves of Nuremberg from the Hohenzollern family took over Kulmbach and Plassenburg on the basis of a contract .
Until the 17th century, the Plassenburg was the residence of the burgrave office, later of the Hohenzollern principality of Kulmbach (also: Brandenburg-Kulmbach , or after 1604 Brandenburg-Bayreuth ). Due to the favorable location on the old and escort roads to Bamberg , Nuremberg , Eger , Hof and Leipzig, trade flourished in the city - guilds of cloth makers, barch weavers , dyers and silk embroiderers were formed. In the year 1398 there were 1,500 to 2,000 inhabitants in Kulmbach, this can be taken from a castle count's inventory of land, houses and taxes. The city was ruled by a stately bailiff, the mayor and a council of respected citizens.
After the transfer of the prince's privilege in 1363, the electoral dignity and the possession of the Mark Brandenburg in 1415, all Franconian Hohenzollern called themselves Margraves of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. From 1411 to 1529 Kulmbacher was Chancellor at the head of the administration of the Mark Brandenburg (Friedrich Stuhlmann, Sigismund Zehrer and Sebastian Stublinger).
On January 31, 1430, the Hussites set fire to the city.
In the course of the rebuilding of the largely destroyed city, the Petrikirche was also rebuilt in late Gothic style, in which the first Protestant service was celebrated under Margrave Georg the Pious in 1528.
Before 1573 there was a medieval leprosy in Kulmbach ; Later the Nikolaus Chapel still existed, which was enlarged in 1666.
Margrave Albrecht Alcibiades wanted to bring all of Franconia under his rule and to found a Frankish duchy. With this he drew opposition from the dioceses of Bamberg and Würzburg, which allied with the Free Imperial City of Nuremberg. In the Federal State War , also called (2nd) Markgräflerkrieg, this alliance took Kulmbach on November 26th, 1553 (named after St. Konrad von Konstanz ) and plundered the city (→ Siege of Kulmbach and the Plassenburg ). On October 21, 1554, the Plassenburg, whose occupation had withstood the enemy until then, was set on fire and destroyed. The battle is re-enacted in the German Tin Figure Museum in Kulmbach.
Hohenzollern (after 1553) and Prussia
From 1557 the city was rebuilt under the new Margrave Georg Friedrich, and in 1559 the reconstruction of the Plassenburg into one of the most important Renaissance buildings in Germany began. However, Georg Friedrich's successor, Margrave Christian, moved the seat of the residence to neighboring Bayreuth in 1604 , as the Plassenburg no longer met the ideas of courtly absolutism, but also completed the construction of the fortress. The residence was later moved back to Kulmbach several times, once in 1605 because of a fire in Bayreuth and then during the Thirty Years' War for security reasons. As a Protestant city, Kulmbach was also sacked by the imperial troops, but the Plassenburg turned out to be impregnable.
After the residence was finally relocated to Bayreuth in 1642, Kulmbach lost its political importance. Thus, no significant facts can be found over the following years. When Margrave Carl Friedrich Alexander sold the Margraviate Brandenburg-Bayreuth to his cousin, the King of Prussia , because of his lover Lady Elizabeth Craven , Kulmbach also became Prussian on January 16, 1791. The Plassenburg was used as a camp for French prisoners of war in the following years.
French and Bavarians (1806–1933)
Since the Plassenburg represented a strategic obstacle for the French and Bavarian troops who went to war against Prussia in 1806, the city of Kulmbach was occupied in October and November 1806. After the capitulation of their Prussian occupation, the defensive walls of the Plassenburg were razed to make it militarily worthless as a fortress. Finally, in 1810, Kulmbach was awarded Bavaria. In 1846 the city got a connection to the König- Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn . This resulted in enormous economic growth because it made the export of goods much easier. The number of breweries grew to 26 by 1882.
In 1890 Kulmbach became an independent city.
time of the nationalsocialism
The NSDAP also took power in Kulmbach in 1933, and the Reich School of German Technology was established on the Plassenburg . For this, Kulmbach got a motorway connection, the beginning of today's federal motorway 70 . At the beginning of 1945, Kulmbach was taken by American troops without a fight .
In 2010 the 5th Franconian Day took place in Kulmbach , with the motto Enjoy Franconia .
On January 1, 1902, the previously independent municipality of Blaich was incorporated. On April 1, 1946, Kauernburg, Mangersreuth and Metzdorf were added. Burghaig followed on July 1, 1972. Höferänger, who was called Unterdornlach until 1955, was added on January 1, 1974. Kirchleus, Lehenthal, Lösau and Oberdornlach followed on January 1, 1976. Katschenreuth, Leuchau (excluding Langenstadt, which was incorporated on January 1, 1972) and Melkendorf completed the series of incorporations on July 1, 1976.
Population numbers / population development
At the census on May 9, 2011, the population of the large district town of Kulmbach was 26,678.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population fell from 27,116 to 25,915 or by 4.4%. On December 31, 1996, the city had 28,488 inhabitants.
- 1946–1958: Georg Hagen ( SPD )
- 1958–1970: Wilhelm Murrmann ( Free Voters Community )
- 1970–1995: Erich Stammberger ( community of voters Kulmbach (WGK))
- 1995-2007: Inge Aures (SPD)
- 2007–2020: Henry Schramm ( CSU )
- since 2020: Ingo Lehmann ( SPD )
The local elections since 2002 led to the following allocation of seats in parliament:
|Party / list||2002||2008||2014||2020|
|GREEN / Open List||1||3||2||4th|
|Kulmbach voter community||6th||7th||7th||6th|
|Distribution of seats||
- Kilmarnock (Scotland) since 1974
- Lugo (Italy, Province of Ravenna ) since 1974
- Rust (Austria) since 1981
- Saalfeld (Thuringia) since 1988
- Bursa (Turkey) since 1998
With Lüneburg (Lower Saxony) is a town friendship since 1967th
Leisure, culture and sights
- The ATS Kulmbach 1861 club is one of the oldest and largest sports clubs in Bavaria.
- Kulmbach airfield EDQK
- German Tin Figure Museum Plassenburg
- State Museums Plassenburg with
- Army Museum of Frederick the Great
- Landscape Museum Obermain in Plassenburg with a replica of the Ebstorf world map and the departments Reformation , destruction of Kulmbach in 1553 and reconstruction of the old royal seat . The Pörbitsch treasure , which was found again during construction work in 1912, is gold and silver crockery belonging to the wealthy Gutteter family, who had it buried in their garden during the Thirty Years' War.
- The bath house is one of eight scientifically researched bath rooms in Germany. The areas of the bathroom, changing room and relaxation room, bathroom and boiler room have been restored and give an impression of the bathing habits of the Middle Ages. Works by young artists from the region are exhibited in an open gallery on the upper floor.
- Bavarian Brewery and Bakery Museum : Beer has been brewed in the Kulmbacher Mönchshof for over 600 years. The former Mönchshof brewery, the Mönchshof restaurant with a large beer garden and the museum are housed on the site. Various diagrams and historical machines, bottles and other equipment give an insight into the Bavarian brewing industry. In the museum itself there is a small glass brewery, every guest receives a glass of museum beer (0.2 liters) after the visit. Since 2008, the bakery museum has also been attached, where you can find an original bakery among other things.
- The third museum in the Kulmbacher Mönchshof is the German Spice Museum. The museum presents mysticism and magic, enjoyment and the history of spices on over 1,000 square meters of exhibition space. Spices with their aromas and scents have always been the epitome of refinement in food. Exotic spices such as pepper, cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon and vanilla have long been sought-after luxury goods. In the past, pepper was so valuable that it was outweighed by gold and gave rise to wars. In the new museum, however, visitors can walk peacefully in the footsteps of Marco Polo and the Nuremberg merchants. You will explore the route of the spices from the country of origin to the shop on the corner and experience the magic of the spices with all your senses.
- Open-air museum "Alter Friedhof"
Since industrialization, urban redevelopments have resulted in more or less major losses of historical building fabric. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, these construction measures still applied to the establishment of industrial plants and boulevards, but in the 1960s in particular, the goal was to equip Kulmbach's city center with modern business areas and contemporary transport connections. Today it is mostly the dilapidated condition of the houses in question, which makes a renovation in line with historical monuments technically and financially difficult and thus leads to the demolition of the objects (e.g. Unteres Stadtgässchen 4). Nevertheless, the historical city center of Kulmbach has largely been preserved. The ensemble of the old town is shaped by the reconstruction from the second half of the 16th century (i.e. after the destruction in 1553) and therefore shows a remarkable stylistic unity in places. According to the fashion prevailing in the 16th century, the houses were built in the Renaissance style during the immediate reconstruction period, and if the construction time falls into the 17th century, early Baroque forms can also be found. Since the buildings were built on existing foundations and parcels, the city plan is much older than the development itself.
Buildings have been included in the following list either because of their importance for the manorial and urban life of Kulmbach or because of their architectural quality:
Romanesque / Gothic
- The Petrikirche is a former fortified church whose construction time is unsecured. A pastor's office in Kulmbach was first mentioned in 1174; it can be assumed that the pastor worked in the Petrikirche. The church tower served at times as a cannon platform , it was only later that it was given a pointed roof. After the destruction in the Hussite War in 1439, it was rebuilt as a late Gothic hall church . In 1878/80 it was given a neo-Gothic interior . The altar of Brenk and Schlehdorn as well as numerous valuable paintings are remarkable . It is the grave church of the Hohenzollern rule.
- The city fortifications along the shooting trench and the fortress hill date from the early 14th century. Five city towers are still preserved:
- The White Tower was built in the 14th century and remodeled in the 17th century. It was used as a guilt prison until the 19th century.
- The Bürgerloch is only preserved as a ruin. Together with the neighboring White Tower, the Bürgerloch was a double tower gate system.
- As an architectural feature, the Red Tower has a roof structure designed as a curved pointed helmet.
- The Heiling sword tower from the 14th century is a round shell tower and is part of the city fortifications on the shooting trench.
- The Fronvestenturm
- The humpback square tower
- The most important building is the Kulmbach Plassenburg , one of the largest fortresses of the Renaissance in Germany. It is also the origin of the legend of the White Woman .
- Most of the castle estates of the city of Kulmbach date from the late 16th century. The Künßbergsche Schlösslein and the Burggut Waaggasse 5 are particularly noteworthy.
- The bath house was first mentioned in a document in 1398. It has been scientifically researched and restored, today it partly serves as a gallery (see also under museums).
- The margravial chancellery was built in 1562/1563 according to plans by Caspar Vischer . The imposing building is at the top of the Upper City.
- Most of the town houses were built in the decades around 1600, especially if the houses are half-timbered, there are examples of remarkable designs and designs on many facades.
- Rehturm (also called Rehbergturm), a waiting and signal tower built on the Rehberg in 1498, which was raised to 30 m in 1891 and has since been used as a lookout tower .
Baroque / Rococo / Margrave style
- The Langheimer Amtshof was built by Leonhard Dientzenhofer at the end of the 17th century . Today it serves as a training center for the Academy for New Media and the vocational school for pharmaceutical-technical assistants .
- The Zinsfelderbrunnen was built in 1660. The figure of the interest field standing on the fountain column symbolizes market freedom . This fountain originally stood on the market square, but is now on the wood market.
- The hospital church was built in 1738/1739 in place of the Elisabethenkapelle.
- The Kulmbach town hall was built in 1752. The plans for the rococo facade come from the Bayreuth court architect Joseph Saint-Pierre , who designed a facade for the building under the influence of the Bayreuth margrave. The previous town hall, which was later demolished, dates from between 1500 and 1530 and was destroyed in the Federal War .
- To the left of the entrance portal, the iron Kulmbach foot (29 cm) is embedded in the wall and to the right of it the Kulmbach cubit (83 cm). They were common measures of length in earlier times.
- Opposite the margravial chancellery is the princess house, which was built in 1722 for the margravine Christiane Sophie. She was exiled to Kulmbach because she had two illegitimate children.
Historicism / Art Nouveau
- The Luitpold Fountain on the market square was built in Art Nouveau style in 1896–1899 based on a joint competition design by the architect Martin Dülfer and the sculptor Eduard Beyrer in honor of the Prince Regent Luitpold and inaugurated on March 12, 1899. During the time of National Socialism , the Luitpoldbrunnen was dismantled and stored and rebuilt in 1994. Surrounded by the town hall, market square, numerous cafes and shops, it forms one of the sociable focal points of Kulmbach.
- The Catholic parish church of Our Lady was built in 1894 according to plans by Bruno Specht in neo-Gothic style. Before that, the hospital church was also open as a simultaneous church for Catholic masses.
- In Kronacher Strasse, in Kressenstein and at Schießgraben there are richly decorated town houses and villas from the Wilhelminian era, for example the Sandlervilla.
- The old cemetery with its gravestones from different eras reflects the history of the city. In front of it stands the memorial for those who died in the wars on a main street.
- As almost completely preserved historical ensembles, the market square, the Obere Stadt, the Röhrenplatz, the Spitalgasse and the Oberhacken are worth seeing.
Luitpold fountain decorated at Easter
- The Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior and the Upper Franconia Police Headquarters , in cooperation with Antenne Bayern and the Kulmbacher Brewery, organize a motorcycle rally to Kulmbach every spring . It is the largest motorcycle meeting in southern Germany and took place for the 18th time in 2018.
- Kulmbacher Volksfest in May
- Three-day old town festival, in large areas of the city center, in July
- Blaicher Kerwa, in June
- Kulmbacher Oldtimer-Treffen, in June, excursion with a limited number of participants, unlimited vehicle exhibition on Sunday.
- On Gregori day in July, the students from all Kulmbach elementary schools move to the town hall square and celebrate the Gregori festival.
- The Kulmbacher Beer Week of the Kulmbacher Brewery has been taking place at the end of July / beginning of August since 1939 .
- Christmas market (1st Advent weekend, Friday to Sunday)
- On Christmas Eve, Kulmbachers and former Kulmbachers meet in the morning for a morning pint in the Upper City. The road is closed and several thousand visitors come to meet friends and acquaintances who have not been seen for a long time.
- Mönchshof Triathlon
In addition to the usual Upper Franconian specialties, the Kulmbacher Bratwurst should be emphasized; it consists of a very fine meatloaf and is served in an aniseed roll, the so-called bratwurst stollen. The bratwursts are preferably eaten at one of the numerous bratwurst stands in town. The strong beer EKU 28, brewed by Kulmbacher Brauerei AG , is also known far beyond the city limits. For years it was considered the strongest beer in the world. The city of Kulmbach also owes its reputation as a food location to the Max Rubner Institute (Federal Institute for Food Safety, formerly Federal Institute for Meat Research), which has been greatly enhanced since the BSE scandal.
Kulmbach is traditionally a production location for the food and beverage industry. One of the oldest Kulmbach companies is IREKS GmbH , which was founded in 1856 and is now internationally active, with the business areas of baking ingredients for bakers and confectioners, brewing malts, flavors, ice cream products and agricultural trade. The RAPS GmbH & Co. KG in several distributed over Kulmbach works produced spices for commercial applications. Relatively new on site are the biotechnical pharmacy in the form of Axolabs GmbH (part of the British LGC Group since March 2017 ), as well as the construction and sale of hot water and air conditioning devices, heat pumps, storage and direct heating devices, such as those of Glen Dimplex Deutschland GmbH manufactures. The AGO AG is on biomass and cogeneration plants specialized and heat and refrigeration plants with power-heat-cold coupling. Until 1996 the textile industry with the Kulmbacher spinning mill was a relevant branch of industry in Kulmbach.
The Max Hundt elementary school in Kulmbach is one of the first ten all-day schools in Bavaria. There is the Markgraf-Georg-Friedrich -Gymnasium and the Caspar-Vischer-Gymnasium as well as the Carl-von-Linde- Realschule and the schools Hans-Wilsdorf -Schule (vocational school and business school) and Adalbert-Raps belonging to the vocational school center (BSZ) -School (vocational and technical college). Further educational institutions are the technical college for structural engineering, specializing in building construction, heating, ventilation and air conditioning technology (also at the BSZ), the academy for new media, the school for pharmaceutical technical assistants, the college for food technology (lemitec) and the Kulmbach municipal music school .
On June 20, 2017, the Bavarian Cabinet in the Kulmbach town hall decided to establish a seventh faculty at the University of Bayreuth. The “Life Sciences - Food & Health” faculty aims to research the sustainability and health of nutrition and food. The faculty campus in Kulmbach is to offer 1000 study places with 20 professorships on the former freight yard area. In addition to an enormous upgrading of the educational location, the city hopes for a recovery from the population decline of recent years. Completion is planned for 2019, the first matriculations should take place in 2020.
- The Kulmbach station located on the double-track, non-electrified railway Bamberg-yard run by the railway companies DB Regio and Agilis served. Every two hours DB Regio runs trains of the 612 series as regional express to Lichtenfels and in the opposite direction to Hof or via Bayreuth to Nuremberg . In the other hour, a class 641 train runs as a regional express to Bamberg via Lichtenfels and in the opposite direction to Hof or Bayreuth. Both trains run with two different train parts, which are separated or combined in the Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg station . A direct connection to Würzburg has not existed since the timetable change in December 2013. The Agilis trains are run with the 650 series . There are hourly connections to Bad Rodach via Lichtenfels and Coburg and in the opposite direction to Bayreuth.
- Connection to the federal highways 85 ( Berga - Passau ), 289 (Coburg - Rehau ) and six kilometers away at Untersteinach B 303 ( Schweinfurt - Fichtelgebirge - Schirnding ) as well as the federal motorway 9 ( Munich - Berlin ) and 70 (Bayreuth - Schweinfurt)
- The Kulmbach airfield (506 m above sea level) with an asphalt runway (719 x 30 meters) is around three kilometers north of the city of Kulmbach.
- The Franconian Marienweg runs through Kulmbach .
sons and daughters of the town
In alphabetic order
- Ludwig Agricola (around 1508 - after 1540), theologian, reformer
- Heidi Bayer (* 1987), jazz musician
- Johann Fladenstein (1558–1618), court judge, privy councilor and founder of several scholarships
- Ludwig Bachmann (1856–1937), chess historian
- Armin Eck (* 1964), soccer coach and former soccer player
- Johann Eck (* around 1494 - 1554), theologian, reformer
- Jakob Ellrod (1601–1671), pastor, astronomer and mathematician, progenitor of the barons of Ellrod
- Erik Engelhardt (* 1998), soccer player
- Walter Erhardt (* 1952), botanist and garden writer, was a teacher, head of the media center and specialist employee of the education authority until his retirement
- Andreas Ernst Etlinger (1756–1785), doctor and botanist, plant genus Etlingera was named after him
- Rüdiger Feulner (* 1969), theologian, professor and Vatican diplomat
- Johann Leonhard Fischer (1760–1833), anatomist and surgeon
- Bernd Förtsch (* 1962), founder and owner of the stock exchange magazine Der Aktionär , operator of the German investor television company DAF
- Elise Gleichmann (1854–1944), dialect poet, folklorist and collector of sagas
- Philipp Simon Goletz alias Frankensima (* 1954), entertainer, author and musician
- Pankraz Gutteter (1472–1532), long-distance trader
- Georg Hagen (1887–1958), politician (SPD)
- Hermann Hecker (1880 – after 1959), architect and civil engineer
- Karl Herold (1921–1977), politician (SPD)
- Alexander Herrmann (* 1971), star and television chef
- Johann Karl Hetz (1828–1899), painter, professor and art teacher in Munich
- Heinrich Hoffmann (1878–1969), officer, major general
- Johann Georg Hoffmann (1705–1778), councilor and palace builder
- Fritz Huther (1827–1899), painter and art teacher
- Johann Konrad Irmischer (1797–1857), Protestant theologian and librarian in Erlangen
- Johannes Kaulfuß (1859–1947), natural scientist, specialist in mosses and lichens
- Heiner Keupp (* 1943), social psychologist and professor
- Rudolf Konrad (1891–1964), general of the mountain troops of the Wehrmacht
- Ludwig Körbitz (1809–1882), pharmacist, mayor of Berneck, member of the Bavarian state parliament
- Johann Christoph Lauterbach (1832–1918), violin virtuoso, concertmaster, conservatory teacher, councilor in Dresden
- Fritz Limmer (1881–1947), photographer, local researcher, university professor in Darmstadt
- Horst Lohse (* 1943), composer, founder and artistic director of the “Days of New Music” in Bamberg
- Franz Meußdoerffer (1949–2019), biochemist and university professor
- Wilhelm Meußdoerffer (1887–1966), brewery director
- Wilhelm Murrmann (1907–1975), Lord Mayor of Kulmbach
- Franz Pensel (1912–1985), politician (FDP)
- Kaspar Preyel (unknown - 1517), 1504–1517 auxiliary bishop in Bamberg and titular bishop of Athyra (appointed by Pope Julius II )
- Bernd Protzner (1952–2018), politician (CSU)
- Wolfgang Renner (* 1959), Brigadier General of the Air Force
- Johann Adam Ries (1813–1889), medalist (coin engraver, stamp cutter and graphic artist) at the Münzhof in Munich
- Christian Schneider (1887–1972), chemist, industrial manager and military economic leader during the Nazi era
- Fritz Schuberth (1897–1977), politician (NSDAP) and SS-Oberführer
- Friedrich Stuhlmann (around 1410–1483), 1445–1483 Chancellor of the Electorate of Brandenburg, 1455–1483 Bishop of Lebus
- Sigmund Theophil Staden (1607–1655), organist, composer, town piper, painter and poet. Composer of the oldest completely preserved German opera Das Geistlich Waldgedicht or Freudenspiel, called Seelewig (premiered Nuremberg 1644; librettist : Georg Philipp Harsdörffer )
- Hans Suess, also Hans von Kulmbach (around 1480 - around 1522), painter and graphic artist from Albrecht Dürer's school
- Jürgen Teipel (* 1961), journalist and writer
- Caspar Vischer (around 1510–1579), chief builder and engineer for Margrave Georg Friedrich in the construction of the new Plassenburg ; significantly involved in the reconstruction of Kulmbach after the devastation of the Federal State War
- Nikolaus Wehner (1901–1942), politician (NSDAP)
- Michel Weiß (1867–1951), painter, numerous paintings of Kulmbach and its landscape
- Johann Peter Apollonius Weltrich (1781–1850), rent clerk, carried out historical and natural history research
- Hans Wilsdorf (1881–1960), businessman, founder of Rolex-Uhren AG
- Philipp Zeitler (1901–1984), lawyer and officer, City Councilor of Würzburg
Persons connected with Kulmbach
- Christian Ludwig Bachmann (1763–1813), physician and musicologist
- Hans Edelmann (1888–1973), local history researcher, was a teacher in Kulmbach and died there
- Thomas Fuchsberger (1957–2010), pop singer, composer, director, photographer and author, drowned in Kulmbacher Mühlbach
- Thomas Gottschalk (* 1950), moderator, grew up in Kulmbach
- Konrad Haderlein (1932–2012), literary historian, poet and beekeeper in Canada, grew up in Kulmbach
- Hugo Hesse (1855–1923), natural scientist, lived in Kulmbach from 1894 and died there
- Christian Wilhelm von Krohnemann (1636–1686), fortress commander of the Plassenburg, died in Kulmbach
- Caspar Walter Rauh (1912–1983), painter and draftsman, lived in Kulmbach from 1955 and died there
- Matthäus Schneider (1877–1944), SPD politician, member of the state parliament, city council and trade union functionary, died in Dachau concentration camp
- Johann Christoph Stierlein (1759–1827), cartographer, spent the time of his military career on the Plassenburg
- Matthias Tretzscher (1626–1686), organ builder, founded an organ workshop in Kulmbach in 1654 and died there
Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
- Franz X. Bogner: The Upper Main. An aerial portrait from Bayreuth to Bamberg. Ellwanger-Verlag, Bayreuth 2006, ISBN 3-925361-57-X .
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Culmbach . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 1 : A-egg . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1799, DNB 790364298 , OCLC 833753073 , Sp. 566-568 ( digitized version ).
- German city atlas ; Volume: IV; 9 part band. Acta Collegii Historiae Urbanae Societatis Historicorum Internationalis - Series C. On behalf of the Board of Trustees for Comparative Urban History e. V. and with the support of the German Research Foundation, ed. by Heinz Stoob †, Wilfried Ehbrecht, Jürgen Lafrenz and Peter Johannek. City folder Kulmbach, author: Friedrich Bernward Fahlbusch . ISBN 3-89115-039-3 , Dortmund-Altenbeken 1989.
- August Gebeßler : City and district of Kulmbach (= Bavarian art monuments . Volume 3 ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1958, DNB 451450973 , p. 1-44 .
- Georg Paul Hönn : Culmbach . In: Lexicon Topographicum of the Franconian Craises . Johann Georg Lochner, Frankfurt and Leipzig 1747, p. 236-237 ( digitized version ).
- Circle of Bavarian Scholars (Ed.): Upper Franconia and Middle Franconia (= Bavaria. Regional and Folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . Volume 3 ). Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1865, DNB 56034290X , p. 553-558 ( digitized version ).
- Ditmar Kühne: Local family and house book Kulmbach 1533–1629. Nuremberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-929865-36-3 .
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Culmbach . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 575-576 ( digitized version ).
- Homepage of the city of Kulmbach
- From the history of Kulmbach (Obermain Landscape Museum)
- Entry on the coat of arms of Kulmbach in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html 1271
- Table of medieval leprosories in today's Bavaria, in: "Die Klapper", magazine of the Society for Leprosy, Münster 1995, accessed on August 25, 2017. In the original chapel "extended". ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- History of the city of Kulmbach on the city homepage
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 601 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 692 f .
- City of Kulmbach - final result of the city council election
- City of Kulmbach - overall result of the 2020 city council election
- City of Kulmbach - twin cities ...
- Birgit Tuchen, Public Bath Houses in Germany and Switzerland in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era, Michael-Imhof-Verlag, Petersberg 2003, ISBN 3-935590-72-5
- The demolition changes the cityscape . In: inFranken.de . ( infranken.de [accessed on January 6, 2018]).
- Petrikirche near Kulmbach Tourism and Event Service
- Kulmbacher sights in Bavaria Online
- Red Tower near Kulmbach Tourism and Event Service
- Heilingschwertturm near Kulmbach in-house culture
- The Kulmbacher Badhaus on the municipal website
- Half-timbered houses in the city of Kulmbach. Retrieved January 6, 2018 (German).
- From Luginsland to Rehberg on the private website starks-historische-spurensuche.de
- Spitalkirche near Kulmbach Tourism and Event Service
- The Kulmbach town hall on the city homepage
- Town Hall Kulmbach ( Memento of the original from October 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the city homepage
- Deutsche Bauzeitung , Volume 33, 1899, No. 70 (from September 2, 1899), p. 437 f.
- current website
- Homepage of the vocational school center Kulmbach
- University of Bayreuth: Resolved and announced: University of Bayreuth soon with a university campus in Kulmbach. Retrieved January 6, 2018 .
- Kulmbach on the way to the university town: New faculty for 1000 students is to be built . In: inFranken.de . ( infranken.de [accessed on January 6, 2018]).
- Important Kulmbacher on the city homepage