Philipp Zeitler

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Philipp Zeitler (born April 14, 1901 in Kulmbach ; † August 22, 1984 in Würzburg ) was a German lawyer. As a member of the NSDAP, he was Lord Mayor of Weißenfels as well as an officer, lawyer and city councilor in Würzburg.


As the third child of a postal inspector, Zeitler attended schools in Würzburg and in April 1921 graduated from the Riemenschneider grammar school. He initially studied medicine at the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg , but soon switched to law . As in 1919 his older brother Dr. jur. Max Zeitler Zeitler II became active on May 2, 1921 at Corps Franconia Würzburg . In February 1922 reciprocated , he also fought a saber game on the weapons of the Makaria Munich . In March 1925 he passed the trainee exam. In the same year his doctorate he became Dr. iur. After completing his legal traineeship in Würzburg and passing the state examination in law in November 1928, he worked for a year in municipal service. From 1929 to 1933 he was a lawyer and honorary city councilor in Würzburg.

Zeitler joined the NSDAP in 1930 and 1931, where he worked as a local group leader and as a regional advisor for legal issues and local politics. In 1933 Zeitler was elected Lord Mayor of Weißenfels for 12 years. He was committed to the structural and financial renovation of the city and the new construction of the hospital. In 1935 Zeitler organized the city's 750th anniversary. In Weißenfels he was a member of the SA with the rank of Obersturmführer. In an internal party letter from December 1935, Zeitler was accused of being “too much a lawyer and too few politicians”. Probably after disputes with the district administrator, Zeitler was retired in 1937 by the Prussian Minister of the Interior; health reasons were officially given. From April 1, 1938 Zeitler worked in the general administration of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society , where he was supposed to support Ernst Telschow with administrative work. In August 1939 Zeitler was drafted and was last deployed as a captain on the Eastern Front. Multiple war injuries, most recently in the Battle of Stalingrad , meant that he was still flown out. After being captured by the Americans - including in the Moosburg internment camp in 1947 - he was denazified and released to Würzburg at the end of 1948. In 1950 his wife Ilse Falcke († 1981), whom he had married in 1930, and three children from Berlin came to Würzburg. A son had died in 1939. Zeitler worked as a lawyer in Würzburg until the end of his life.

In addition to Max Meyer , Zeitler was the one to whom the Kösener SC Association owed its acceptance in Würzburg after the Second World War . A son and a grandson are corps brothers.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Max Zeitler was from 1932 bailiff / district administrator of the office / district Parchim, 1935–1936 mayor of Erfurt. In 1949 he came in Special Camp No.. 7 Sachsenhausen to
  2. Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 139/763.
  3. Dissertation: The occupation of the Ruhr in an assessment under international law , 1924
  4. a b c Ulrike Kohl: The Presidents of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in National Socialism. Max Planck, Carl Bosch and Albert Vögler between science and power. Steiner, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-515-08049-X , p. 52.
  5. ^ A b Horst Matzerath: Lord Mayor in the Third Reich. In: Gerhard Hirschfeld (ed.): The “Führerstaat”. Myth and Reality. Studies on the structure and politics of the Third Reich. ( Publications of the German Historical Institute in London. Volume 8) Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-12-915350-0 , pp. 228-254, here p. 251.
  6. ^ Obituary in the Frankenzeitung 96 (1985), pp. 93–95