|Bundesstrasse 75 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|further operator:||Herrentunnel Lübeck GmbH & Co. KG|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||207 km|
|Requirement for use:||Men's tunnel : toll|
|Bundesstrasse 75 in Hamburg (New Elbe Bridge)|
The federal highway 75 (abbreviation: B 75 ) is a German federal highway and used to lead from Travemünde on the Lübeck Bay of the Baltic Sea across northwest Germany to the Dutch border in East Frisia . On its way it leads through the four federal states of Schleswig-Holstein , Hamburg , Lower Saxony and Bremen .
Today, federal highway 75 has long been replaced by motorways or has been downgraded to a state road , sometimes also to a district road , and ends in Delmenhorst . The traffic from Delmenhorst to the north of the Netherlands roughly follows the earlier route of the former B 75 from Delmenhorst via Oldenburg and Leer to Bunde and Winschoten .
The federal highway 75 begins on the outskirts of Lübeck-Travemünde not far from the Baltic Sea. A little later, the B 76 (Bäderstraße) branches off from the four-lane road to the Baltic Sea baths in the Lübeck Bay . The Travemünder ferry port Skandinavienkai for international traffic with Scandinavia , Finland and the Baltic States is opened up via its own junction. In Lübeck-Siems, the B 75 branches off as the Travemünder Landstrasse from the actual route (transition to the A 226 ) and, together with the B 104 that begins here, crosses under the Trave in the Herrentunnel .
Shortly after crossing the Trave, the B 104 branches off towards Schwerin . The federal road 75 (Travemünder Landstrasse) continues in the direction of Lübeck -Zentrum and after a total of 17 km reaches the Lauerholz . From there it leads as Travemünder Allee through the eastern Lübeck suburb of St. Gertrud and, turning to the south, bypasses the historic old town in an arc over the Wakenitzbrücke and the southern district of St. Jürgen at some distance. From Travemünde to St. Gertrud, the B 75 was planned as a federal motorway 227 , the plan was never implemented.
The B 207 crosses at Berliner Platz , a two-lane roundabout . After the western districts of St. Lorenz Süd and Lübeck-Buntekuh , the B 75 leaves the urban area and leads along the Trave via Reinfeld to Bad Oldesloe , where it crosses the A 20 and under the A 1 , touches the B 208 and finally joins the A 21 undercrossed. A few kilometers further you will reach Elmenhorst , where the B 75 has now bended west since 2015 and leads to the B 432 to Kayhude . The old route through Bargteheide and Ahrensburg was downgraded to Landesstraße 82.
Since 2015, the B 75 in the north of Hamburg has been downgraded and continues from the B 5 in the Hohenfelde district . Shortly before the Hamburg Elbe bridges , the B 75 meets the B 4 , with which it merges south of it onto the short Autobahn 255 , which has replaced the federal highway here since the 1990s as a bypass of the Veddel district . Both now cross the Wilhelmsburg district as a four-lane motor vehicle road ( Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße ), which has been followed by the Harburg bypass since the 1990s . From its end in Hamburg-Wilstorf , the B 75 leads again as a regular federal road through Harburg to the southwest, where it touches the A 7 at junction no.34 Hamburg-Marmstorf and shortly afterwards at the junction Hamburg-Marmstorf-Lürade directly on the A 261 leads.
In the 1990s, sections in Veddel and Harburg were replaced by the highways 252 (Vessel, together with A 255) and 253 (Harburg). As part of the opening of the new Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße, which bypasses the district of the same name to the east, these motorways were downgraded to the B 75.
Lower Saxony and Bremen
After the eight-kilometer section from Lürade along the Harburg Mountains through the Lower Saxon community of Rosengarten (Harburg district) to Dibbersen was downgraded to county road 85 (today's name: "secondary route"), federal road 75 does not begin again until its 111th kilometer, at the Buchholz-Dibbersen exit of the A 1. Now it leads north past the town of Buchholz in the Nordheide , shortly after which it crosses the B 3 . Via Tostedt and Scheeßel we continue to the district town of Rotenburg (Wümme) (kilometer 157). At kilometer 165, at the Stuckenborstel exit of the A1, it is downgraded again to a state road; the L 168 reaches the city limits of Bremen at km 182 .
The B 75 was also downgraded in the city of Bremen. It only starts again as a four-lane expressway at the intersection of Neuenlander Straße / Oldenburger Straße, only to return to Lower Saxony at kilometer 199, where it reaches Delmenhorst after eight kilometers and merges into the A28 . Since the expansion of the Delmenhorst motorway triangle, it has been possible to drive directly to the Stuhr motorway triangle from Bremen and then via the A 1 to Osnabrück or from Osnabrück in four lanes via the A 28 and the B 75 to the center of Bremen. On the Bremen - Delmenhorst section, the B 75 was originally supposed to be expanded into the 282 federal motorway .
The B 75 ends at the Delmenhorst triangle after a total distance of 207 km. It used to lead 120 km further west through the district of Oldenburg , the city of Oldenburg , the Ammerland , through East Friesland via Leer to the Dutch border behind Bunde . West of the Delmenhorst triangle, the B 75 has now largely been replaced by the A 28, the A 31 and the A 280 . The old route of the B 75 between Delmenhorst and Hesel has mainly been downgraded to state roads (with the exception of the former two-lane bypass road Oldenburg, which was expanded to the A 28). The section of the former B 75 from Hesel to the Dutch border is now part of the B 436 .
The men's tunnel (length 866 m) is subject to tolls for all vehicles (except moped). Mopeds, bicycles and pedestrians can only use it in the bus shuttle with waiting times, but free of charge.
The approximately 5 kilometer long area between A 253 (AS HH-Wilstorf) and A 261 or A 7 (AS HH-Marmstorf) had been subject to tolls for trucks over a length of 3.4 kilometers since January 1, 2007 due to the MautStrAusdehnV and became extensively controlled.
As of August 1, 2012, two further sections with 8.4 kilometers (Lübeck - Travemünde) and 8.3 kilometers (Bremen - transition to the A 28 ) were subject to tolls according to the Federal Trunk Road Toll Act for trucks.
The total toll length was therefore a good 20 kilometers up to December 31, 2017, which corresponded to around 10% of the total length. Today all sections of the former Reichsstrasse 75 that have not been downgraded are subject to tolls.
In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the road played a subordinate role as a traffic route. At that time the rivers Alster and Trave served as the cheapest transport route between Hamburg and Lübeck , goods were only transported by land between Kayhude and Sülfeld . There was a road customs station in Oldesloe as early as 1175. Coming from Lübeck, the so-called Königsweg already took a route further west to Hamburg in Bargteheide, which later became Bundesstraße 434 .
The section between Bremen and Hamburg was built from 1811 to 1813 as part of a dead straight Napoleonic military road from Münster (see Bundesstraße 51 ) to Hamburg. This route Impériale No. 3 was the first developed road through the north-west German lowlands, it crossed the once impassable moors and replaced historical trade routes over the Geest (e.g. federal highway 74 ).
The section from Bremen to Oldenburg was expanded in 1825 as the first road in the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg to become a paved country road ( Chaussee ). The continuing section from Oldenburg via Bad Zwischenahn to Westerstede was completed in 1843.
The first road between Altona and Lübeck was not built until 1840. This Lübeck-Altonaer Chaussee led from Schnelsen via Ochsenzoll to the northeast (today's Bundesstrasse 432 ) and on via Bargfeld to Elmenhorst. Since July 1, 1841, the spring-loaded “Diligence” ( stagecoach ) pulled by four powerful horses , which was divided into three coupés and held 15 travelers, drove on this route once a day . But as early as November 1, 1842, the Diligencen took the shorter route via Ahrensburg and Wandsbek , which corresponded to federal highway 75 until 2014.
Previous routes and names
The trunk road 75 (FVS 75) established in 1932, renamed Reichsstrasse 75 (R 75) from 1934 , originally only comprised the short section from Rotenburg (“in Hanover”) to shortly before Buchholz. From there, the R 3 (which now crosses the B 75 at this point as the B 3) led on the route of today's B 75 via Hamburg to Travemünde. The section from Leer via Bremen to Rotenburg was initially called Reichsstraße 71 . After 1936 the R 75 began at the Dutch border and led via Leer to its previous end at Buchholz. Only in the editions of the Conti Atlas after 1938 did the designation “75” appear for the entire route from Bunde to Travemünde.
The expressway in the Bremen city area was expanded between 1960 and 1962.
The western section between Delmenhorst and Leer was replaced by the Federal Motorway 28 after 1974 . In the Bremen city area, the B 75 has now largely been downgraded and the license plates have been removed. In general usage, however, reference is still made there to the B 75.
In Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, the B 75 between the intersection with the B 5 (intersection Wandsbeker Chaussee / Wartenau / Lübecker Strasse) and Elmenhorst has been downgraded to the main road or country road.
The L 82 between Elmenhorst and Kayhude has been upgraded to the federal highway and has been given the designation B 75. This creates a connection to the B 432 south of Kayhude. The reclassification took place on January 1, 2015.
The Hanseatic cities of Bremen , Hamburg and Lübeck in particular are well-known travel destinations on this federal highway. The Ahrensburg Castle and the North German Industrial Museum in Delmenhorst are more likely to be visited from their denser surroundings .
- Detailed route description of the motorway section planned as federal motorway 252 in Hamburg
- Detailed route description of the motorway section planned as federal motorway 253 in Hamburg
- Detailed route description of the section Travemünde - Lübeck, which was previously planned as Federal Motorway 227
- Detailed route description of the Delmenhorst - Bremen section, which was previously planned as the 282 federal motorway
- Toll information in the men's tunnel
- Partly replaced by motorways and state roads
- Delmenhorst - Bremen and in the urban area of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck with four lanes similar to autobahns
- Annalena Barnickel: The new Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße: "As soft as on a pillow" . October 7, 2019 ( welt.de [accessed January 5, 2020]).
- Source of the official toll table 5 sections with a total of 3.4 km and 1 section with 0.0 km, i.e. H. toll-free
- tso / AFP: Transport Policy: Motorway toll in the future on three federal highways. Zeit online, October 13, 2006, accessed November 5, 2011 .
- Source: Conti-Atlas for drivers 1934.
- How Rahlstedt lost the B 75 ( Memento from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Decree of the State Office for Road Construction and Transport of March 25, 2013