Bundesstrasse 75

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Template: Infobox high-ranking street / Maintenance / DE-B
Bundesstrasse 75 in Germany
Bundesstrasse 75
Course of the B 75
Basic data
Operator: GermanyGermany Federal Republic of Germany
further operator: Herrentunnel Lübeck GmbH & Co. KG
Start of the street: Delmenhorst
( 53 ° 2 ′  N , 8 ° 40 ′  E )
End of street: Lübeck
( 53 ° 57 ′  N , 10 ° 52 ′  E )
Overall length: 207 km

State :

Requirement for use: Men's tunnel : toll
Development condition: two-lane
New Elbe Bridge seen from the Veddeler Marktplatz.jpg
Bundesstrasse 75 in Hamburg (New Elbe Bridge)
Course of the road
State of Lower Saxony
District-free city of Delmenhorst
node (23)  Triangle Delmenhorst A28
Autobahn end Start of expressway Beginning of the motor road
Junction Delmenhorst stick grass
flow Varreler Bäke
Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
Locality beginning Beginning of  Bremen
Junction Huchting
bridge Bremen-Thedinghauser Railway
Junction Kirchhuchting
flow Ochtum
Junction Grolland
node Bremen- Neustadt A281 B6
Expressway end End of the highway
Template: AB / Maintenance / Empty replaced by B6
Template: AB / Maintenance / Empty downgraded to a municipal road
Autobahn beginning replaced by A27 A1 E22
State of Lower Saxony
Rotenburg (Wümme) district
Junction (50)  Stuckenborstel A1 E22
flow Wieste
Locality Sottrum
Locality Rotenburg OT weapons
Railroad Crossing Bremervörde – Rotenburg railway line
Bypass Rotenburg bypass  B71 B215 B440
flow Wümme
Locality Scheeßel
flow Veerse
Locality Lauenbrück
flow Wümme
Locality Lift OT Stemmer field
flow Wümme
Harburg district
Locality Wistedt
flow Wümme
flow Oste
Locality Tostedt
Railroad Crossing Zeven – Tostedt railway line
Locality Kakenstorf
flow Estonian
Locality Buchholz in the north heath
crossing Hannoversche Strasse B3
Junction (42)  Dibbersen A1 E22
Autobahn beginning replaced by A1 A261 E22
Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Junction (2)  Hamburg-Marmstorf / Lürade A261
Junction (34)  Hamburg-Marmstorf A7
Locality Hamburg-Marmstorf
Junction Hamburg- Wilstorf B4
Template: AB / Maintenance / Empty together with direction Hamburg-RothenburgsortB4
Junction Hamburg- Harburg-MitteB73
Junction Hamburg - new territory
Junction Hamburg -korn willow
Street as New Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße
bridge Hamburg port railway
Junction Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg
flow Ernst August Canal
Junction Hamburg- Georgswerder Symbol: truck stop
Autobahn beginning replaced byA255
Autobahn end Start of expressway Transition off A255
Locality beginning Beginning of  Hamburg
Junction Hamburg-Veddel
flow Norderelbe ( New Elbe Bridge 304.70 m)
Locality HafenCity
flow Oberhafenkanal (Billhorner Bridge)
Locality Rothenburgsort
Junction Hamburg-Rothenburgsort
Template: AB / Maintenance / Empty together with direction Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg SüdB4
bridge Railway bridge ( freight bypass )
Locality Hammerbrook
flow Bille
flow South channel
bridge Railway bridge ( Berlin-Hamburg Railway )
Locality Borgfelde
Locality Hohenfelde
bridge Lübeck – Hamburg railway line ; Hamburg-Altona connecting railway ; Metro ring line
Street as Lübecker Straße B5
Template: AB / Maintenance / Empty downgraded to main street
State of Schleswig-Holstein
Stormarn district
Locality Kayhude B432
Locality Bargfeld footbridges
Locality Elmenhorst
Bypass Neritz bypass 
flow Norderbeste
Locality Bad Oldesloe
Junction (17)  Bad Oldesloe-Süd A21
Railroad Crossing Bad Oldesloe industrial main track
flow Trave
Street as the Berliner Ring B208
Railroad Crossing Neumünster – Bad Oldesloe railway line
bridge Railway bridge ( Lübeck – Hamburg line )
Locality Reinfeld (Holstein)
flow Heilsau
Locality Wesenberg (Holstein)
bridge Railway bridge ( Lübeck – Hamburg line )
Locality Hamberge
bridge over A1 E22
bridge over A20 E22
District-free city of Lübeck
Locality beginning Start of town  Lübeck
Locality Lübeck-Buntekuh
Locality Lübeck-St. Lorenz South
bridge Lübeck – Hamburg railway line
Locality Lübeck city center
flow Lübeck city moat
flow Elbe-Lübeck Canal
Locality Lübeck-Hüxtertor-Mühlentor-Gärtnergasse B207
Street as Possehlstrasse
Roundabout Berlin Square B207
Locality Lübeck-Marli / Brandenbaum
flow Wakenitz
Locality Lübeck-Burgtor / City Park
Village end End of Lübeck
Street as Travemünder Allee
bridge Lübeck harbor railway
Junction Lübeck- Israelsdorf B104
Toll booth Herrentunnel toll booth
tunnel (866 m)  Men's tunnel
bridge Railway bridge ( Lübeck harbor railway )
node (3)  Lübeck-Siems A226
Junction Lübeck-Kücknitz
bridge Railway bridge ( Lübeck – Lübeck-Travemünde Strand line )
Junction Lübeck-Ivendorf (Skandinavienkai)
Junction Lübeck-Travemünde B76
Locality Lübeck OT Travemünde
Railroad Crossing Railway line Lübeck – Lübeck-Travemünde Strand

The federal highway 75 (abbreviation: B 75 ) is a German federal highway and used to lead from Travemünde on the Lübeck Bay of the Baltic Sea across northwest Germany to the Dutch border in East Frisia . On its way it leads through the four federal states of Schleswig-Holstein , Hamburg , Lower Saxony and Bremen .

Today, federal highway 75 has long been replaced by motorways or has been downgraded to a state road , sometimes also to a district road , and ends in Delmenhorst . The traffic from Delmenhorst to the north of the Netherlands roughly follows the earlier route of the former B 75 from Delmenhorst via Oldenburg and Leer to Bunde and Winschoten .



The federal highway 75 begins on the outskirts of Lübeck-Travemünde not far from the Baltic Sea. A little later, the B 76 (Bäderstraße) branches off from the four-lane road to the Baltic Sea baths in the Lübeck Bay . The Travemünder ferry port Skandinavienkai for international traffic with Scandinavia , Finland and the Baltic States is opened up via its own junction. In Lübeck-Siems, the B 75 branches off as the Travemünder Landstrasse from the actual route (transition to the A 226 ) and, together with the B 104 that begins here, crosses under the Trave in the Herrentunnel .

Shortly after crossing the Trave, the B 104 branches off towards Schwerin . The federal road 75 (Travemünder Landstrasse) continues in the direction of Lübeck -Zentrum and after a total of 17 km reaches the Lauerholz . From there it leads as Travemünder Allee through the eastern Lübeck suburb of St. Gertrud and, turning to the south, bypasses the historic old town in an arc over the Wakenitzbrücke and the southern district of St. Jürgen at some distance. From Travemünde to St. Gertrud, the B 75 was planned as a federal motorway 227 , the plan was never implemented.

The B 207 crosses at Berliner Platz , a two-lane roundabout . After the western districts of St. Lorenz Süd and Lübeck-Buntekuh , the B 75 leaves the urban area and leads along the Trave via Reinfeld to Bad Oldesloe , where it crosses the A 20 and under the A 1 , touches the B 208 and finally joins the A 21 undercrossed. A few kilometers further you will reach Elmenhorst , where the B 75 has now bended west since 2015 and leads to the B 432 to Kayhude . The old route through Bargteheide and Ahrensburg was downgraded to Landesstraße 82.


B 75 in Hamburg

Since 2015, the B 75 in the north of Hamburg has been downgraded and continues from the B 5 in the Hohenfelde district . Shortly before the Hamburg Elbe bridges , the B 75 meets the B 4 , with which it merges south of it onto the short Autobahn 255 , which has replaced the federal highway here since the 1990s as a bypass of the Veddel district . Both now cross the Wilhelmsburg district as a four-lane motor vehicle road ( Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße ), which has been followed by the Harburg bypass since the 1990s . From its end in Hamburg-Wilstorf , the B 75 leads again as a regular federal road through Harburg to the southwest, where it touches the A 7 at junction no.34 Hamburg-Marmstorf and shortly afterwards at the junction Hamburg-Marmstorf-Lürade directly on the A 261 leads.

In the 1990s, sections in Veddel and Harburg were replaced by the highways 252 (Vessel, together with A 255) and 253 (Harburg). As part of the opening of the new Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße, which bypasses the district of the same name to the east, these motorways were downgraded to the B 75.

Lower Saxony and Bremen

Passage of the B 75 in Scheeßel

After the eight-kilometer section from Lürade along the Harburg Mountains through the Lower Saxon community of Rosengarten (Harburg district) to Dibbersen was downgraded to county road 85 (today's name: "secondary route"), federal road 75 does not begin again until its 111th kilometer, at the Buchholz-Dibbersen exit of the A 1. Now it leads north past the town of Buchholz in the Nordheide , shortly after which it crosses the B 3 . Via Tostedt and Scheeßel we continue to the district town of Rotenburg (Wümme) (kilometer 157). At kilometer 165, at the Stuckenborstel exit of the A1, it is downgraded again to a state road; the L 168 reaches the city limits of Bremen at km 182 .

Delmenhorst motorway triangle; top right the B 75 to Bremen

The B 75 was also downgraded in the city of Bremen. It only starts again as a four-lane expressway at the intersection of Neuenlander Straße / Oldenburger Straße, only to return to Lower Saxony at kilometer 199, where it reaches Delmenhorst after eight kilometers and merges into the A28 . Since the expansion of the Delmenhorst motorway triangle, it has been possible to drive directly to the Stuhr motorway triangle from Bremen and then via the A 1 to Osnabrück or from Osnabrück in four lanes via the A 28 and the B 75 to the center of Bremen. On the Bremen - Delmenhorst section, the B 75 was originally supposed to be expanded into the 282 federal motorway .

The B 75 ends at the Delmenhorst triangle after a total distance of 207 km. It used to lead 120 km further west through the district of Oldenburg , the city ​​of Oldenburg , the Ammerland , through East Friesland via Leer to the Dutch border behind Bunde . West of the Delmenhorst triangle, the B 75 has now largely been replaced by the A 28, the A 31 and the A 280 . The old route of the B 75 between Delmenhorst and Hesel has mainly been downgraded to state roads (with the exception of the former two-lane bypass road Oldenburg, which was expanded to the A 28). The section of the former B 75 from Hesel to the Dutch border is now part of the B 436 .


The men's tunnel (length 866 m) is subject to tolls for all vehicles (except moped). Mopeds, bicycles and pedestrians can only use it in the bus shuttle with waiting times, but free of charge.

The approximately 5 kilometer long area between A 253 (AS HH-Wilstorf) and A 261 or A 7 (AS HH-Marmstorf) had been subject to tolls for trucks over a length of 3.4 kilometers since January 1, 2007 due to the MautStrAusdehnV and became extensively controlled.

As of August 1, 2012, two further sections with 8.4 kilometers (Lübeck - Travemünde) and 8.3 kilometers (Bremen - transition to the A 28 ) were subject to tolls according to the Federal Trunk Road Toll Act for trucks.

The total toll length was therefore a good 20 kilometers up to December 31, 2017, which corresponded to around 10% of the total length. Today all sections of the former Reichsstrasse 75 that have not been downgraded are subject to tolls.



In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the road played a subordinate role as a traffic route. At that time the rivers Alster and Trave served as the cheapest transport route between Hamburg and Lübeck , goods were only transported by land between Kayhude and Sülfeld . There was a road customs station in Oldesloe as early as 1175. Coming from Lübeck, the so-called Königsweg already took a route further west to Hamburg in Bargteheide, which later became Bundesstraße 434 .

The section between Bremen and Hamburg was built from 1811 to 1813 as part of a dead straight Napoleonic military road from Münster (see Bundesstraße 51 ) to Hamburg. This route Impériale No. 3 was the first developed road through the north-west German lowlands, it crossed the once impassable moors and replaced historical trade routes over the Geest (e.g. federal highway 74 ).

The section from Bremen to Oldenburg was expanded in 1825 as the first road in the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg to become a paved country road ( Chaussee ). The continuing section from Oldenburg via Bad Zwischenahn to Westerstede was completed in 1843.

The first road between Altona and Lübeck was not built until 1840. This Lübeck-Altonaer Chaussee led from Schnelsen via Ochsenzoll to the northeast (today's Bundesstrasse 432 ) and on via Bargfeld to Elmenhorst. Since July 1, 1841, the spring-loaded “Diligence” ( stagecoach ) pulled by four powerful horses , which was divided into three coupés and held 15 travelers, drove on this route once a day . But as early as November 1, 1842, the Diligencen took the shorter route via Ahrensburg and Wandsbek , which corresponded to federal highway 75 until 2014.

Previous routes and names

The trunk road 75 (FVS 75) established in 1932, renamed Reichsstrasse 75 (R 75) from 1934 , originally only comprised the short section from Rotenburg (“in Hanover”) to shortly before Buchholz. From there, the R 3 (which now crosses the B 75 at this point as the B 3) led on the route of today's B 75 via Hamburg to Travemünde. The section from Leer via Bremen to Rotenburg was initially called Reichsstraße 71 . After 1936 the R 75 began at the Dutch border and led via Leer to its previous end at Buchholz. Only in the editions of the Conti Atlas after 1938 did the designation “75” appear for the entire route from Bunde to Travemünde.


The expressway in the Bremen city area was expanded between 1960 and 1962.

The western section between Delmenhorst and Leer was replaced by the Federal Motorway 28 after 1974 . In the Bremen city area, the B 75 has now largely been downgraded and the license plates have been removed. In general usage, however, reference is still made there to the B 75.

In Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, the B 75 between the intersection with the B 5 (intersection Wandsbeker Chaussee / Wartenau / Lübecker Strasse) and Elmenhorst has been downgraded to the main road or country road.

The L 82 between Elmenhorst and Kayhude has been upgraded to the federal highway and has been given the designation B 75. This creates a connection to the B 432 south of Kayhude. The reclassification took place on January 1, 2015.


Tourist routes

The Green Coastal Road leads on various routes from Hamburg to the Dutch border near Nieuweschans. To the west of Oldenburg, this holiday route follows the old federal highway 75.


The Hanseatic cities of Bremen , Hamburg and Lübeck in particular are well-known travel destinations on this federal highway. The Ahrensburg Castle and the North German Industrial Museum in Delmenhorst are more likely to be visited from their denser surroundings .

Scenic routes

The federal highway 75 leads mainly through flat moorland and slightly hilly geest landscape . The section through Stormarn between Lübeck and Bad Oldesloe is particularly scenic .

See also

Web links

Commons : Bundesstrasse 75  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Partly replaced by motorways and state roads
  2. Delmenhorst - Bremen and in the urban area of ​​Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck with four lanes similar to autobahns
  3. Annalena Barnickel: The new Wilhelmsburger Reichsstraße: "As soft as on a pillow" . October 7, 2019 ( welt.de [accessed January 5, 2020]).
  4. Source of the official toll table 5 sections with a total of 3.4 km and 1 section with 0.0 km, i.e. H. toll-free
  5. tso / AFP: Transport Policy: Motorway toll in the future on three federal highways. Zeit online, October 13, 2006, accessed November 5, 2011 .
  6. Source: Conti-Atlas for drivers 1934.
  7. How Rahlstedt lost the B 75 ( Memento from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  8. http://www.abendblatt.de/region/article120359101/B75-im-Kreis-Stormarn-wird-herabgestuft.html
  9. ^ Decree of the State Office for Road Construction and Transport of March 25, 2013