|Bundesstrasse 26 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||approx. 233 km|
|Bundesstrasse 26 near Babenhausen-Hergershausen|
The western end was originally in Wolfskehlen on the B 44, now it is west of the town in the middle of the field on the B 44, which was built as a bypass road. Since the opening of the road bridge over the Riedbahn , the B 26 has led south around the town.
The road crosses the southern Hessian city of Darmstadt (22 km) in a west-east direction and leads past Dieburg (40 km) in four lanes on the old route of the A 680 . Until the redesign of Luisenplatz in Darmstadt as a pedestrian zone in the 1970s, the street ran over it, where it crossed the B 3 . Today it runs over the inner city ring set up as a one-way street or through the city tunnel . The original route from Darmstadt (Erbacher Straße) to Dieburg (Rheingaustraße / Aschaffenburger Straße) ran through the towns of Roßdorf and Gundernhausen . In Dieburg, the B 26 was relocated to a bypass road running south and east around the town . This already exists in the general map from 1955. In the mid-1980s, the B 26 was placed on the A 680, which was downgraded at the same time.
From Dieburg (now with two lanes again) the road bypasses Altheim (main road = Ex B 26) via Babenhausen , for which a bypass road is planned, to Bavaria , where after a few kilometers it crosses the independent city of Aschaffenburg (65 km). Here it picks up the B 8 and leads it to the A 3 .
The B 26 now meanders through the Spessart to Lohr am Main (103 km). From here it leads north along the Main to Gemünden (116 km), the city of three rivers (here the Franconian Saale and Sinn flow into the Main), and then south again to Karlstadt (132 km). Here they turn from constantly meandering Main heading east and crosses along the river Wern the Maindreieck towards Schweinfurt (175 km). Before Schweinfurt, the B 26a branches off in Arnstein , which connects the B 26 with the A 7 and A 70 motorways at the Schweinfurt / Werneck motorway junction .
From Werneck to the Eltmann junction, the B 26 was downgraded to St 2447 in 2016. This goes back to an endeavor by the federal government to graduate federal highways parallel to the autobahn and to hand them over to the states. This applies to the B 26 in the areas in which it accompanies the A 70. The remaining section between Eltmann and Bamberg will be graded according to construction work. In the Upper Franconian part of the section, the number of the federal road has not appeared on the signposts for a good ten years.
The total length of the B 26 is 233 km.
The first section of the highway from Aschaffenburg to Darmstadt was re-routed from 1780 as part of a highway from Aschaffenburg to Frankfurt from the Main Bridge to the level of the Red Bridge in Schönbusch Park and laid out as a road (later also called Große Schönbuschallee). The entire section from the Main Bridge to the intersection with the Long Towel (including Kreisstraße AB 16) on the so-called Spring Pleasure was completed in 1820. Its final completion took place in further sections by 1840. Near Roßdorf there was a connection to the road from Darmstadt, built in 1830, via Reinheim to Erbach .
The road from Bamberg to Schweinfurt was described as impassable around 1815. This route was expanded to the Chaussee in small stages until 1842 because the Bavarian financial politicians at the time did not want to spend large sums of money on road construction.
The course of today's Bundesstraße 26, which was established as Fernverkehrsstraße 26 in 1932 and renamed Reichsstraße 26 with effect from April 1, 1934 as a result of the law on the temporary reorganization of the road system and road administration and transferred to the construction site of the German Reich, changed several times. It originally began on the R 19 near Würzburg and from there to Bamberg (source: Conti-Atlas für Kraftfahrer 1934). After all the requirements for a Reichsstraße had been met, including the relocation of the narrow Red Bridge near Aschaffenburg to Schönbusch Park, the R 26 began on the Rhine in Mainz-Kastel and led via Gustavsburg to Bischofsheim, where the B 43 initially branched off. From Bischofsheim it ran southeast to Groß-Gerau (junction with B 44 ) and Büttelborn, from there on the route of today's A 67 to Darmstadt (Rheinstrasse) and then on to Bamberg. In connection with this motorway construction, the beginning of federal road 26 was relocated to Riedstadt - Wolfskehlen (taking over part of L 3096) and parts of the road were taken over from B 42.
An extension (with expansion) to the west as the A 60 south variant or main line Brussels-Prague with the Rhine bridge near Oppenheim was rejected many years ago; instead, an extension of the B 420 to the east in the same area is currently being discussed.
New building planning
Some new construction projects are planned for the B 26.
Northeast bypass Darmstadt
The so-called northeast bypass (also known as the northeast bypass) was planned as a replacement for crossing Darmstadt city center. It should relieve the inner city area of car and truck traffic. The planned route was supposed to connect the Darmstadt Ostbahnhof and the Martin-Luther-King-Ring. The road should be about halfway in a tunnel and halfway open.
The current structure of the road network in Darmstadt does not provide any bypass roads for east-west through traffic . This means that the city center is burdened with through traffic. Therefore, a better connection of the B 26 coming from the east to the A 5 - either at the Weiterstadt junction (B 42) or at the Darmstädter Kreuz - has been discussed since the 1970s . In the course of the planning, many variants were discussed and rejected again. It was already so far that a route in the Darmstadt city forest was partially cleared.
The EU's fine dust directive 99/30 / EC, which has been in effect since 2005, has now accelerated the planning work, as the limit value in Darmstadt was exceeded in mid-2005. Along with Frankfurt, Darmstadt is considered to be the most polluted city in Hesse with fine dust. The current rule is a retired from the State of Hesse Darmstadt action plan particulate matter, which for trucks over 3.5 tons a passage prohibition in East-West and East-West direction (Except: Loader and unloader in the city of Darmstadt, the district Darmstadt-Dieburg the Odenwaldkreis) and a night driving ban.
Carl Schenck Ring
The extension of the Carl-Schenck-Ring connects the actual northeast bypass with the Graefenhäuser Straße on the northwestern outskirts of Darmstadt. This connection complements Darmstadt's main road network. It is intended to relieve traffic in the entire commercial and shopping area. It is an independent road construction project. At the same time, it creates one of the prerequisites for the northeast bypass and is therefore part of its overall planning. Construction began on June 11, 2007 and was completed in December 2008.
The street runs as a single-lane, two-lane street parallel to Otto-Röhm-Straße as an extension of the existing Carl-Schenck-Ring between Frankfurter Straße and Otto-Röhm-Straße and is embedded in a wide green corridor. The routing already takes into account a later expansion to the north to two lanes with a total of four lanes after the northeast bypass has been implemented. The dimensioning of the connection nodes already take these larger volumes of traffic into account, so that they no longer need to be converted in the medium term.
A referendum that was supposed to overturn the city council's decision to build the bypass failed on June 7, 2009 to just about the required quorum , although the majority had voted against the construction. In May 2010, the previously earmarked funds were canceled from the city budget. In May 2011 a coalition agreement was signed between the Greens and the CDU in Darmstadt, in which the renunciation of the construction of the north-east bypass was stipulated, the building law is to be repealed. This means that the project can no longer be expected to be realized for the time being.
A traffic study published in June by the city of Darmstadt assumes that the Rhönring – Spessartring road will be reduced by 35% to 50%. In the area of Landgraf-Georg-Straße and the City-Ring, the city expects a relief of up to ten percent. The bypass also means that around 75% of truck traffic is permanently kept out of the city. The construction of the bypass is particularly welcomed by residents of the rural districts . After the introduction of the night driving ban in Darmstadt, truck traffic has increased significantly in many communities, for example in Mühltal , Roßdorf , Ober-Ramstadt and others.
Critics complain about the high costs, which are not in an acceptable relationship to the hoped-for benefits. They point to the already tight budget situation and the lack of funds elsewhere. In addition, they deny that the hoped-for benefit will actually materialize. The northeast bypass would hardly relieve the city center, and Heinrichstrasse at all. On the contrary, the additional road capacity would attract additional traffic. The affected residential and recreational areas would be severely impaired, both during the complex construction work and permanently. The CDU criticized the fact that the road in the tunnel was only planned to have two and not four lanes. In 2004 and 2005, three citizens' initiatives were founded in the area of the Woog and Rosenhöhenviertel. Among other things, they are campaigning for a variant that provides for a tunneling of the route between Mathildenhöhe and Rosenhöhe (which has meanwhile been incorporated into the planning).
Rhine road bridge
The Rheinstrasse bridge in Darmstadt is to be renovated from 2019 for 15.3 million euros. In the course of this, the bridge will be widened and new lanes will be built.
Dieburg to Babenhausen
For the 6.5 kilometer section of the B 26 between Dieburg and Babenhausen, an expansion with a combined economic and cycle path is planned. The planning was in the preliminary draft phase in 2009. In July 2011, the planners did not want to comment on a schedule.
Four-lane expansion between the B 469 and Aschaffenburg
In the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 passed by the Federal Cabinet on August 3, 2016 , the four-lane expansion of the B 26 in Annex 1, project list p. 89 over a length of 3.4 km in the city of Aschaffenburg and in the municipality of Markt Stockstadt am Main with a total cost of 22, € 1 million included as an urgent requirement. On December 2, 2016, the Bundestag amended the requirements plan of the Federal Highway Expansion Act in accordance with the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan.
Following this upgraded route, the B 26 is to be upgraded to four lanes starting at the Waldfriedhof and ending at the Augasse / Auweg intersection and provided with turning lanes to improve the access roads to the Mainhafen Aschaffenburg. A plan approval procedure was applied for by the Aschaffenburg State Building Authority and initiated by the Lower Franconian government in November 2012.
As part of the planning approval procedure, the city of Aschaffenburg issued two statements approved by resolution of February 19, 2013, in which it did not raise any fundamental objections. A public hearing took place on October 21, 2013, at which not only the comments already received in writing were dealt with: At the request of those appearing and in agreement with those appearing, the public was made public and new, orally submitted comments were discussed.
On February 2, 2014, two referendums took place in the city of Aschaffenburg, the referendum “No city motorway on Schönbusch” decided on the question “Are you in favor of the city of Aschaffenburg approving the four- to six-lane resolution of February 19, 2013 Take back the expansion of the B 26 between Waldfriedhof and Thyssenbrücke and take all political and legal measures to prevent a four- to six-lane expansion of the B 26? " This question was answered with “yes” by approx. 2/3 of those involved in the vote. 5602 citizens voted for the coveted referendum by the city council "For efficient safe port development - preserve and create jobs", against 7341. The key question was answered with 8281 to 5146 votes in favor of the referendum "No city motorway on Schönbusch".
Thereupon the government of Lower Franconia suspended the planning approval procedure. The city of Aschaffenburg, the district office of Aschaffenburg, the Stockstadt market, the Bavarian administration of the state palaces, gardens and lakes, the IHK, the Bayernhafen GmbH & Co. KG, the parliamentary groups and groups of the Aschaffenburg city council, the citizens' initiative “ No city motorway B26 "and the citizens' initiative" Pro Stockstadt "invited to a round table. As one of the results of this round table, a new traffic report was commissioned. Based on the new traffic report, the city council decided on October 24, 2016 that the plan approval procedure should be resumed.
On June 30, 2017, the initiative against the four-lane expansion of the B 26 in the area of the port, with 3920 signatures, issued a renewed petition with the title "Against the disregard of the citizens' will!" addressed to the city of Aschaffenburg. As a result, two referendums on the B 26 took place on September 24, 2017. The referendum "Pro expansion B 26 - Stop the traffic jam" (city council request) was approved by 60.3% of those involved in the vote and the referendum "Against disregarding the will of the people!" (Referendum) 55.46%. The key question was answered with 14,840 votes to 12831 in favor of the referendum "Pro upgrade B 26 - stop the traffic jam".
On June 19, 2018, an application was made to carry out a plan change procedure. The amended plan approval documents were available for general inspection from July 3 to August 2, 2018. The comments received were discussed on May 28, 2019 by the planning approval authority, the government of Lower Franconia.
On November 11, 2019, the government of Lower Franconia issued the planning approval decision under file number 32-4354.2-1 / 12 for the federal highway B 26, Darmstädter Straße, expansion of the "Hafen-West" and "Hafen-Mitte" junctions in Aschaffenburg.
The performance and safety of the heavily polluted B 26 will be increased in the port area, which is important for cargo handling between road, waterway and rail. Interventions in Schönbusch Park are avoided by creating the two other lanes on the harbor side. For the same reason, the noise and exhaust emissions in the park are reduced at the same time, because the street axis is shifted by approx. 8 m towards the port. A row of pyramid poplars laid out by the city of Aschaffenburg in the post-war period with the construction of the forest cemetery is to be replanted on the new median and extended to the Schönbusch access road.
The noise and exhaust gas pollution of the port area increases because the street axis is shifted by approx. 8 m towards the port. The higher efficiency achieved means that traffic is shifting from other roads to the B 26 and the load can also increase in the undeveloped section between the Augasse and the urban ring road. A conceivable future expansion of this section as well would involve an intervention in a historic poplar avenue, of which around 40 trees are still preserved today, and help ensure that more vehicle traffic can flow to and from Aschaffenburg, which leads to a general increase in the number of trees traffic-related emissions and could contribute to congestion on urban roads.
Würzburg western bypass
Also included in the federal traffic route plan is the B 26a in the direction of Karlstadt and then bend to the A 3 around Würzburg. The project is being reworked under B 26 . The section from the Schweinfurt / Werneck motorway junction to Karlstadt is included in the priority requirement , and the further course up to the A3 is included in the additional requirement with planning rights . The planning of the B 26n, however, meets with dissenting votes from parts of the population affected by the planning corridor. The favored central corridor of the new federal highway is to lead mostly through the Main-Spessart district and the western district of Würzburg .
In the environmental impact study, which was presented in March 2009, the north / south combined solution is still available in addition to the central corridor. In March 2009 it is planned to determine the most compatible line by autumn 2009 so that the regional planning procedure can be initiated in 2010.
Regnitz Bridge Bischberg
After the bridge was completely renovated in 2004/05, it turned out in 2012 that the abutments are unstable and that the entire bridge now has to be demolished and completely rebuilt. Since the federal government wants to downgrade the route to the federal highway 70 , to the state road, the original plan was to start work in 2014. After that, a roundabout should be created in the exit to the BA 36 district road instead of an exit.
- A. Kurt: On the history of roads and traffic in the country between the Rhine and Main. Dissertation at the University of Frankfurt in 1956.
- Hans-Peter Schäfer: The development of the road network in the Schweinfurt area up to the middle of the 19th century. Würzburg 1976.
- Detailed route description of the Darmstadt - Dieburg section, which was previously planned as the 680 federal motorway
- Information from the city of Darmstadt on the northeast bypass
- Information from critics of the Northeast Bypass
- State building authority Würzburg to the B 26n, trunk road development axis western Main Franconia ( Memento from February 18, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Citizens' initiative and municipalities against the western bypass of Würzburg
- Local group Karlstadt of the association citizens' initiative and municipalities against the western bypass of Würzburg
- Griesheim – Darmstadt and in Aschaffenburg four lanes; Darmstadt – Münster four-lane motorway-like
- Harald Pleines: The coalition agreement is in place - without bypassing the northeast. (No longer available online.) In: Echo online. May 17, 2011, archived from the original on August 11, 2011 ; Retrieved December 11, 2011 .
- Traffic Development and Projects - Northeast Bypass. Magistrate of the City of Darmstadt, accessed on October 3, 2013 .
- Klaus Holde Fehr: B 26 as far as possible settlement. In: main-netz.de , July 29, 2011, accessed on December 31, 2011
- Karlheinz Haase: West bypass: New lines cut through the district. In: mainpost.de. March 18, 2009, accessed December 11, 2011 (newspaper article).