The castle

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Dieburg
The castle
Map of Germany, position of the city of Dieburg highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 54 '  N , 8 ° 50'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Darmstadt-Dieburg
Height : 143 m above sea level NHN
Area : 23.08 km 2
Residents: 15,566 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 674 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 64807
Area code : 06071
License plate : DA, TU
Community key : 06 4 32 004

City administration address :
Markt 4
64807 Dieburg
Website :
Mayor : Frank House (independent)
Location of the city of Dieburg in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district
Erzhausen Weiterstadt Griesheim Pfungstadt Bickenbach (Bergstraße) Alsbach-Hähnlein Seeheim-Jugenheim Modautal Mühltal Ober-Ramstadt Messel Eppertshausen Münster (Hessen) Dieburg Roßdorf (bei Darmstadt) Fischbachtal Groß-Bieberau Reinheim Groß-Zimmern Otzberg Groß-Umstadt Schaafheim Babenhausen (Hessen) Darmstadt Bayern Odenwaldkreis Kreis Bergstraße Kreis Groß-Gerau Landkreis Offenbachmap
About this picture
Dieburg - plan of the city center

Dieburg (in the local dialect: Dibborsch ) is a city and a medium-sized center in southern Hesse , about 15 km east of Darmstadt . Before 1977, Dieburg was the district town of the old district of Dieburg and is located in the eastern part of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district . The city is one of the locations of the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences .


Geographical location

Dieburg is located in southern Hesse , around 15 km east of Darmstadt in the extensive Gersprenz valley . Geologically, Dieburg is shaped by the Gersprenz valley. The soils consist mainly of tertiary deposits such as gravel , sand and clay covered by younger river deposits as well as loess and drifting sand covers . The city is located north of the low mountain range Odenwald in the Dieburger Bucht , which is a western branch of the Hanau-Seligenstädter Senke ( Hanau Basin or Eastern Lower Main Plain). To the north and west of the city lie extensive forest areas of the Dreieich . The highest point is the Mainzer Berg (also called Moret ) at 227 m above sea level. NN.

Neighboring communities

In the north, Dieburg borders on the municipality of Münster (Hesse) , in the east on the district of Münster-Altheim , in the southeast on the Groß-Umstädter district of Semd , in the south on the municipality of Groß-Zimmer and its district on Klein-Zimmer and in the west on the Grube Messel district of the municipality of Messel .

City structure

Dieburg officially only includes a district (Gmk.-Nr. 61067) and has no districts. Nevertheless, there are quarters for Dieburger that further subdivide the city. A border between Dieburg-Ost and Dieburg-West runs across the empty parking lot, the largest parking lot, west of the city center. The border line between Dieburg-Süd and Dieburg-Nord is the Aschaffenburg - Darmstadt Hbf railway line.


Prehistory and Antiquity

The settlement of the urban area extends into the Bronze Age . Whether the so-called ox figure from Dieburg from the Copper Age comes from the Dieburg area can no longer be clearly verified.

At the end of the Iron Age, the Auderiensier tribe settled in the area around the city. The fertile Dieburger Bucht was then incorporated into the province of Upper Germany of the Roman Empire in the years from 85–90 AD . Around 125 n. Chr. Of today's South Hesse has been in the field Civitas Auderiensium founded whose main place today Dieburg with the incomplete traditional name ... MED ... was. As a newly created, city-like settlement, the forum was located at the intersection of Frankfurterstrasse and Aschaffenburger Strasse. Numerous cult objects, including an important testimony of the Mithras cult , were excavated and can be seen today in the city ​​museum .

Around 200 the settlement flourished. The Roman Dieburg was a vicus , albeit with an urban character. In the area , which is well suited for agriculture, numerous Villae Rusticae were built , which supplied MED ... and the troops on the nearby Limes as economic goods .

In the course of the 3rd century, however, robberies by the Alemanni from the area outside the Limes increased. Although the place, which far surpassed the later medieval city in its area, was secured with a city wall, it could not be prevented that the Roman Empire had to withdraw to the left bank of the Rhine in Germany from 260 AD ( Limesfall ). The fate of the city until the early Middle Ages is in the dark. A continuity of the settlement is very likely, albeit in a much simpler framework than before. Coin finds and signs of building indicate this. Today's pilgrimage church is located in the western area of ​​the Roman forum; its floor plan is determined by previous Roman buildings. Presumably the remaining part of the Roman population, which was mainly of Germanic and Celtic origin, mixed with the incoming Alemanni who, as federates in the run-up to Roman Mainz ( Mogontiacum ), were still trading briskly with the empire.

middle Ages

The oldest seal of the city of Dieburg

After the Franks conquered the area, a royal court was installed in Dieburg and in nearby Groß-Umstadt . At that time the settlement was known as "Altenstadt" and was concentrated around the area of ​​the pilgrimage church, the original building of which is Carolingian at the latest, but, as has already been said, also has a Roman predecessor, the purpose of which is unknown. The main street of this settlement still bears the name "Altstadt" today, although it was outside the walls of the medieval Dieburg.

The name Dieburg appears for the first time on a document from the Eberbach Monastery from 1207. The document reports on a legal act in which a "Judta de Dieburch" appears as a witness. From the following year 1208 there is another certificate with the seal of "Heinrich von Dieburg", the brother of Jutta von Dieburg. Dieburg is a city that was planned in the area between the moated castle in the Gersprenz and the "Altenstadt". It thus filled the space between the "Altenstadt", "Monfeld" and "Holzhausen" settlements and turned them into suburbs. Its exemplary floor plan with differentiated main and side streets, city wall with moats, castle, market and new parish church can still be seen in the city map today. Based on this urban complex, recent research assumes that the ruling imperial family of the Staufer Dieburg wanted to expand into an imperial city in order to improve their power base in today's Rhine-Main area. However, the city quickly became dependent on the Archdiocese of Mainz . After the city was founded, Altenstadt was retained as a suburb with the pilgrimage church. At that time the pilgrimage church was still the city church of St. Peter and Paul, it was not until the 16th century that the patronage was transferred to the current city church in the city, after which the church in the old town was renamed the pilgrimage church.

During this time in Dieburg was one of the 30 wild Huben the Wild spell Dreieich , which also belonged to the surrounding forests.

The city wall was built around 1220. From 1239 the lords of Munzenberg owned the castle. After they died out, Dieburg came into the possession of the Counts of Isenburg. In 1277 Rudolf von Habsburg granted the "oppidium Dippurch" at the request of Archbishop Werner von Eppstein of Mainz all freedom rights and confirmed the existing city rights. Between 1284 and 1294, the Archbishop of Mainz bought the shares in the castle and town from the Counts of Isenburg .

In 1310 Dieburg became completely Electoral Mainz and the residence of numerous noble families, who administered their surrounding estates from here. The castle of the von Fechenbach family has been preserved as a city museum, as well as the remains of the famous park of the previous Stockau castle of the von Groschlag family . The old castle was almost completely demolished around 1810, transformed into a castle of the Albini family ( Albinischloss ), came into the possession of the city in 1857 and, after some renovations, (still) serves as a district office today.

Archbishop Gerlach of Nassau has documented the granting of the right to mint to Henelin of Strasbourg in 1368 .

Historical forms of names

In historical documents the place is documented under the following place names (in brackets the year it was mentioned): Dieburch (1207); Ditburg (1208); Dipburg (1254); Dippurch (1262); Dipurg (1269); Diepurg (1276); Diepburg (1284); Dippurg (1286); Dyetburch (1291); Deypurg (1293); Dyburg (1297); Dypburg (1314); Dyppurg (1327); Dyepurck (1339); Ditpurg, Dytpurg (1354).


Dieburg around 1700

In the Middle Ages, Dieburg developed into an up-and-coming administrative and economic center, primarily due to its location as a stopover between the electoral residences of Mainz and Aschaffenburg. Since 1553 the Archbishop of Mainz held the land and market tariffs at Dieburg.

The first documentary mention of hospitality on Ash Wednesday in 1508 is considered the first evidence of the Dieburger Carnival.

Within the Mainzer Oberstift, Dieburg was a member of the Neunstädtebundes , with extensive privileges. In the Peasants' War the Bund sided with the rebels. After its suppression, these privileges were completely revoked by Elector Albrecht of Brandenburg in the city regulations of 1527. In the course of the peasant uprising in 1525 , the castle and the electoral storage cellar were looted. The rebellious peasants were beaten by a mercenary army in the Odenwald and on the Main .

In the middle of the 16th century, the majority of the citizens were Catholic. In the years 1582 to 1586 there were denominational disputes between the Protestant-dominated city council and the Catholic priest.

Around 1600 the (no longer preserved) Renaissance town hall was built in the middle of the market square. Between 1606 and 1613 the population suffered from a plague epidemic, during which the witch trials (from 1596) flared up again.

During the Thirty Years' War the Spaniards, Palatinate and Bavarians passed through. The plague was brought in again with the soldiers . In 1622 the Protestant military leader Ernst von Mansfeld set fire to the unprotected suburbs. The second wave of witch trials began in 1626. At the time of the peace agreement, Dieburg presented a bleak picture: the city was half disintegrated, the suburbs destroyed, the defenses desolate, the population decimated to just 500 inhabitants. The religious reconstruction and the revival of the pilgrimage followed (1675). With the newly built Stockau palaces, along with the spacious palace gardens (1699) and Fechenbach (1717), Baroque splendor also unfolded in Dieburg.

Witch trials in Dieburg 1600–1630

From 1600 to 1630, documents relating to the death of 1879 people as victims of witch persecution have been preserved for the Mainz Archbishopric . Around 60 people were killed at the stake in Dieburg.

The "Drache zu Dieburg" was the bell ringer and coppersmith Lorenz Drach from Dieburg. He was executed on April 18, 1603 in Aschaffenburg , Electoral Mainz, along with other men by dividing them into four. Because of the persecution of their wives, the men wrote a diatribe in which the archbishop's witch trials were denounced. They were charged with allegedly plotting to assassinate the archbishop.

In 1626, on his first visit to Dieburg , Elector Georg Friedrich von Greiffenclau was asked by the Zentmannschaft to order the necessary investigations to eradicate the vice of magic.

There were many people suspected of witchcraft in Dieburg and the people were very angry. To reassure the residents, a witch trial was started against the widow of Martin Padt, whose mother had been burned as a witch twenty years earlier. She was interrogated on June 26, 1627 and executed on July 7. The Padtin said many people were allegedly complicit, so that there were a series of new trials in Dieburg, Seligenstadt , Aschaffenburg , etc.

In the confessions extorted under torture, the following were named as alleged witches' dance places : the Eichwasen near Dieburg, the Humesbühl, the large formula, etc.

A defendant, Philipp Krämer from Dieburg, testified during interrogation that all testimony against him was false and that belief in witchcraft was nothing but superstition. For this he was beheaded on September 6, 1627 and his body burned.

According to the available files, 36 people were executed in Dieburg in 1627, and according to Pastor Laubenheimer even 85 "witches".

In November 1629, a new wave of trials began against 21 suspects, and entire families were almost completely exterminated.

19th century

French troops came to Dieburg several times during the Napoleonic Wars. At the beginning of the 19th century Dieburg, which was electoral Mainz for almost 500 years, became Hessian and the district town of the Dieburg district in the Starkenburg province in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . At times it was the seat of the Dieburg administrative district .

The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Dieburg in 1829:

»Dieburg (L. Bez. Gl. N.) city; lies on both sides of the Gersprenz, in a large plain, and 3 hours northeast of Darmstadt. The city is partly still surrounded by a wall, has 3 suburbs, the old town, Mönfeld and Steinweg, 448 houses and 2,965 inhabitants, except for 62 Lutherans, 6 Reform. and 107 Jews are Catholic. There are 24 civil servants, 50 farmers, 358 tradesmen and 38 day laborers among the population. Dieburg is the seat of the district councilor and the tax inspector. The main buildings are: 1) the parish church, formerly the Minorite church and had 2 towers; the monastery buildings standing next to it gradually died down; 2) the pilgrimage church, also known as the Mother of God Chapel, is in the churchyard in the old town. In this church the Groschlage and Ullner had their hereditary funeral; 3) the rectory became; Built in 1740; 4) the hospital church; has been converted into a spacious and beautiful schoolhouse since 1816; 5) the former Kapucin monastery; was started in 1650; repealed in the most recent times; and now serves as a fruit store and hayloft; 6) the baron. from Albinian Castle; with beautiful garden facilities. The old castle, which belonged to the von Groschlag family, which died out in 1799, was presented by the Grand Duke to the now deceased Churmainzian Minister of State, Baron von Albini, as Allodium, who had it partially torn down and a new, more beautiful apartment built for it. Here stood the old royal castle and afterwards the Mainz castle. The whole is now in the possession of Baron von Uechtritz; 7) Stockau Castle; a property of those von Groschlag, who also built it. She came to the Count of Lerchenfeld through a Groschlagische heir daughter. In this castle there is a rather important library, and around it there are gardens which at the end of the last century were among the most excellent in Germany. This also includes a mill called the Stockauer Mühle. Nearby is an art ruin with several Roman stones brought there; 8) the town hall, built from scratch. There are also 5 grinding mills, 1 oil mill and 1 cardboard mill, 1 post office, an excellent steel and tin goods factory, red and white tanners, skilled hackers, hat makers, linen weavers, etc. and 1 pharmacy. Five grocer's markets are held annually. In the district is a peat digging. - Dieburg seems to be of Roman origin, and it is all the more likely that a respectable Roman stay should be sought here, as two Roman roads have crossed here. One came from Heidelberg, moved to Grersprenzthal, Umstadt and Dieburg, and the other from Mudau over the mountain heights to Obernburg, towards Mimlingen, Kleestadt, reached Dieburg, appeared at Eppertshausen and directed to Frankfurt. Many Roman coins, such as cinder urns and other Roman vessels, have been found near and in the city; a bath was also discovered in the old town. At the time when the area was still a royal domain, there was a royal castle here. A Hartmann was probably the first owner of Dieburg from 1076 to 1080, and since in the middle of the 13th century the female heirs of the old gräfl, who died out shortly before 1247 with Gerlach von Büdingen. Büdingen's male tribe in possession of the town and castle appear, the name Hartmann was almost universally introduced under this family, then that Hartmann was certainly a Büdinger. The aforementioned Gerlach had 5 daughters who were married to the houses of Isenburg, Hohenlohe, Kempnich, Breuberg and Trimperg. Ludwig von Isenburg, husband of Heilwig von Büdingen, sold part of his share of the city and castle to Archbishop Heinrich II of Mainz and in 1294 the remaining part to Archbishop Gerhard II of Mainz , at which time Dieburg appears as an oppidum . Finally, in 1310, Gottfried von Brauneck the Younger sold the Hohenlohic Share of Dieburg, inherited from his father, to Archbishop Peter von Mainz. Mainz had been in full possession of Dieburg since 1310. In 1377 Adolph I pledged the town and its affiliation to his bailiff of Dieburg, Heinrich vom Rhein, for a loan of 3,672 florins , just as Archbishop Conrad pledged the Dieburg winery to Lord von Frankenstein. The parish, which had 7 branches, is commemorated in 1284. The Minorites of Dieburg appear in 1291; their monastery was destroyed by the Reformation. The Kapucins did not get a monastery until 1692. Dieburg was already inhabited in old by many aristocrats, among whom the Groschlage and Ulner maintained first rank. In 1325 King Ludwig von Baiern granted the city the right to hold a fair; this was subsequently expanded and the city raised to a coinage city. The Dieburger Mark, which seems to have been part of the Dreieich Königsforst, included Dieburg, Holzhausen, Muenelt, Altenstadt, Münster, Werlach, Altheim small and large rooms, Spachbrücken, Georgenhausen, Zeilhardt, Dielshofen, Roßdorf and Gundernhausen. The Märker dish was cherished by the mill in Stockau and recognized Mainz as an Obermärker. The former villages of Altenstadt and Mönfeld are now suburbs of Dieburg. The nearby villages of Holzhausen, initially near the Steinweg suburb, and Werlachen, which still occur in 1429, have gone out. The city later belonged to the Mainz Oberamt Steinheim, which came to Hesse in 1802. «

Due to the early connection to the Hessian Ludwig Railway - the station was built in 1861 and completed in 1863 - Dieburg was also able to develop industrially. Around 200 craft businesses were also created. In 1895 Dieburg was connected to the Dreieichbahn .

20th century

In 1977 the district of Dieburg was combined with the district of Darmstadt to form the district of Darmstadt-Dieburg . Dieburg lost its county seat status. Since 2004, parts of the district office, which is partly still located in Dieburg, have been relocated to Darmstadt-Kranichstein (which does not belong to the district). The state department is concentrated in Dieburg (also for the western district). Due to the withdrawal of the cadastral, health and education authorities operated by the state government, the 1900-year-old central role in the administration of the region is further weakened for financial reasons. Meanwhile, two listed state properties from the early days (the old district court and the old police station, which was replaced by a new building on the outskirts) are empty.

In the course of the regional reform in Hesse , the city of Dieburg was not changed as one of only 31 municipalities in Hesse. the neighboring communities of Semd and Klein -zimmer tried to be incorporated in 1972, but the city of Dieburg refused.

see also Dieburger Siegel , Dieburg in the time of National Socialism

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Dieburg was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:


Population structure

According to the 2011 census , Dieburg had 14,528 residents on May 9, 2011. These included 1381 (9.5%) foreigners of whom 483 came from outside the EU , 661 from other European countries and 237 from other countries. Of the German residents, 12.2% had a migration background . The inhabitants lived in 6214 households. 1951 of them were single households , 1728 couples without children and 1824 couples with children, as well as 535 single parents and 176 shared apartments .

Population development

 Source: Historical local dictionary

• 1485: 0040 farmsteads in Altenstadt and Minnefeld owned by Mainz, 11 houses on Steinweg
• 1508: 0341 families
• 1545: 0333 taxable heads of household
• 1618: 1816 or 2600 inhabitants
• 1806: 2216 inhabitants, 408 houses
• 1829: 2965 inhabitants, 448 houses
• 1867: 3617 inhabitants, 530 houses
Dieburg: Population from 1648 to 2015
year     Residents
Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968.
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1976 :; 1984 :; 1992 :; 2000 :; 2005 :; 2010 :; 2011 census; 2015:

Religious affiliation

• 1829: 62 Lutheran (= 2.01%), 9 Reformed (= 0.20%), 107 Jewish (= 3.61%) and 2790 Catholic (= 94.10%) residents
• 1961: 2252 Protestant (= 23.63%), 7094 Catholic (= 74.42%) residents
• 2011: 3820 Protestant (= 26.6%), 6090 Catholic (= 42.4%), 160 Orthodox (= 1.1%), 350 non-believers (= 2.5%), 3790 other (= 26.4%) residents

Gainful employment

The municipality in comparison with the district, administrative district Darmstadt and Hesse:

year local community district Administrative district Hesse
Employees subject to social security contributions 2017 8.008 74,525 1,695,567 2,524,156
Change to 2000 + 33.5% + 21.1% + 16.1% + 16.0%
of which full-time 2017 74.8% 68.3% 72.8% 71.8%
of which part-time 2017 25.2% 31.7% 27.2% 28.2%
Only marginally paid employees 2017 1.313 15.305 224.267 372.991
Change to 2000 + 19.5% + 14.4% + 9.0% + 8.8%
Branch year local community district Administrative district Hesse
Manufacturing 2000 17.5% 41.1% 27.0% 30.6%
2017 *)% 31.3% 20.4% 24.3%
Commerce, hospitality and transport 2000 43.7% 26.1% 26.4% 25.1%
2017 36.3% 26.8% 24.7% 23.8%
Business services 2000 09.0% 11.6% 25.1% 20.2%
2017 17.9% 17.1% 31.6% 26.1%
other services 2000 24.0% 18.8% 20.1% 22.5%
2017 18.9% 23.6% 23.0% 25.4%
Other (or without assignment) 2000 05.8% 02.4% 01.4% 01.5%
2017 26.8% 01.1% 00.3% 00.4%

*) anonymized


City Council

The city council is the highest body of the city. Its political composition is determined every five years in local elections by the city's electorate. Whoever has reached the age of 18 and is a German citizen within the meaning of the Basic Law or a citizen of one of the other member states of the European Union may vote. Everyone has to have been registered in the city for at least three months.

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 37 seats
Nominations CDU SPD Green g FDP UWD u Distribution of seats
2016 Voting share a 38.8 22.3 16.9 11.6 10.4
Seats (of 37) 15th 8th 6th 4th 4th
2011 Voting share a 38.8 23.6 21.1 9.2 7.2
Seats (of 37) 14th 9 8th 3 3
2006 Voting share a 45.7 21.9 12.8 11.0 8.5
Seats (of 37) 17th 8th 5 4th 3
2001 i Voting share a 47.3 28.0 10.1 9.2 5.3
Seats (of 37) 18th 10 4th 3 2
1997 n Voting share a 49.6 23.9 10.9 6.4 5.9
Seats (of 37) 19th 9 4th 3 2
CDU SPD Green FDP UWD Distribution of seats
a percentage of the valid votes cast
i since the 2001 election there has been the possibility of accumulating and spreading ; the 5% threshold has been abolished
G 1997 as Greens / LD
u Independent voter community Dieburg
n in the table: 1997 the NPD with 3.4%

37 city councilors had to be elected for the legislative period from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2021. Of the 11,868 eligible voters, 6,107 voted. As a result, voter turnout fell from 57.4% in 2011 to 51.5% in 2016.


Frank Haus has been mayor of Dieburg (independent) since August 9, 2017, after he was elected with 50.2 percent of the votes in the first ballot on March 12, 2017.

badges and flags

Banner Dieburg.svg

coat of arms

Coat of arms Dieburg.svg

Blazon : "In blue St. Martin with a golden nimbus and golden armor on a silver horse striding to the left, dividing his red cloak with the sword held in his left hand with the beggar crouching at his feet."

The right to use a coat of arms was granted to the city of Dieburg in what was then the district of Dieburg on October 30, 1952 by the Hessian Minister of the Interior . In its present form it was designed by the heraldist Georg Massoth in 1950.

Saint Martin can be seen on the oldest known seals of the city from 1421. He is the patron saint of the diocese of Mainz and Kurmainz , to which Dieburg belonged until 1803. Only in 1712 did a seal of the city show a Latin D, surrounded by three stars, which were supposed to symbolize the suburbs.


The flag was approved for the city on July 20, 1954 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior and is described as follows:

Flag description: "The coat of arms of the district town of Dieburg on the white central panel of the blue-white-blue flag cloth."

Town twinning

Dieburg maintains partnerships with the following cities:

Blason Aubergenville01.svg Aubergenville , France , since 1975
Coat of arms Vielau.png Vielau , Saxony , since 1990
Mladá Boleslav CoA CZ.svg Mladá Boleslav , Czech Republic , since 1997

Culture and sights


Dieburg, characterized by its numerous half - timbered houses , is worth seeing as a whole. Significant structures are:


  • Park Fechenbach
  • Castle garden

Nature and protected areas

Two wetlands are protected in the Dieburger area , the nature reserves " Das Großes Hörmes " and the " Foal pasture of Dieburg ". To the west of Dieburg is the FFH area "Sandmagerrasen am Spießfeld west of Dieburg" (DE6118302). To the south-west and north of the urban area are two parts of the landscape protection area "Auenverbund Untere Gersprenz" (WDPA 378406). In the east, forest stands belong to the "Landscape Protection Area Landkreis Dieburg" (WDPA 378513).

Regular events


Sports facilities:

  • Ludwig Steinmetz Bath
  • Training pool Dieburg
  • Trabrennbahn Dieburg
  • Sports field at the castle garden
  • Hassia soccer field
  • DJK sports area
  • Tennis court at the castle garden
  • Skate park

The motorcycle and automobile races around the Dieburger Dreieck between 1948 and 1955 are of historical importance .

Economy and Infrastructure

Land use

The municipal area covers a total area of ​​2308 hectares, of which in hectares are:

Type of use 2011 2015
Building and open space 376 346
from that Living 215 215
Business 37 70
Operating area 45 33
from that Mining land 12 12
Recreation area 61 59
from that Green area 33 32
traffic area 212 212
Agricultural area 480 467
from that moor 0 0
pagan 0 0
Forest area 1080 1077
Water surface 41 41
Other use 13 13



  • KBS 647 route: Dreieichbahn Dieburg – Ober-Roden (you can change to the S 1 in the direction of Offenbach – Frankfurt city center – Wiesbaden) –Dreieich-Buchschlag (you can change to the S 3 and S 4 in the direction of Frankfurt City – Bad Soden / Kronberg): Mondays Trains run every hour from Dieburg to Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof and from Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof to Dieburg on Fridays.
  • Line KBS 651: Rhein-Main-Bahn Wiesbaden – Mainz – Darmstadt – Dieburg – Babenhausen – Aschaffenburg

The station was expanded into a modern transport hub between bus and train by 2005.

Bus routes

line route Remarks
GU2 Dieburg-Semd-Groß-Umstadt-Mömlingen Every day
671 Darmstadt – Dieburg – Groß-Umstadt – Wiebelsbach Every day
672 Darmstadt – Roßdorf – Gundernhausen – Groß-Zimmer – Klein-Zimmer – Dieburg Every day
674 Darmstadt – Dieburg – Münster – Eppertshausen – Ober Roden Monday - Friday
677 Darmstadt – Dieburg – Babenhausen – Stockstadt – Aschaffenburg Only in late traffic
679 Reinheim – Groß-Zimmer – Dieburg – Münster – Eppertshausen – Ober-Roden Every day
MD Münster – Dieburg Monday - Friday

There is a call taxi in Dieburg.

Cycle path network

Signposted cycle path network in the district on map L 6118.

Pedestrian zone

Zuckerstraße (pedestrian zone) in the old town center with shops and restaurants is about 400 meters long.

Parking spaces

Several signposted parking spaces in the city center, some of which are chargeable. Park & ​​Ride parking lot at the train station as well as at the driveway to B 26 new (Sauerkreuzung).

Trunk roads

  • B 26 west towards Darmstadt connection to A 5 (Basel – Karlsruhe – Frankfurt – Kassel) and A 67
  • B 26 east towards Aschaffenburg connection to the A 3 (Cologne – Bonn – Frankfurt – Würzburg – Nürnberg – Passau)
  • B 45 north towards Hanau connection to A 3 and A 45 (Hanau)
  • B 45 north towards Frankfurt / Offenbach via B 486 and A 661 (Egelsbach – Frankfurt)
  • B 45 south towards Michelstadt / Erbach

The four-lane sections of the B 26 and B 45 are now on the routes of the former A 680 and A 683 motorways .


Auditorium and entrance to the Dieburg campus of Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences

For a few decades in the second half of the 20th century, Dieburg was closely interwoven with the Deutsche Bundespost , which had opened an engineering academy on the eastern edge in 1968 in order to be able to cover its needs for communications engineers. In 1971 the academy was converted into the state-recognized technical college of the Deutsche Bundespost with a degree in communications engineering. In 1979, the Post and Telecommunications Department of the Federal University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration (FH Bund) was also located on the campus, where prospective civil servants for the higher-level non-technical post and telecommunications service were trained. After the division and later privatization of the Deutsche Bundespost, the need for civil servants ceased and the department of the FH Bund was dissolved. The need for communications engineers also fell significantly, so that in 2000 the owner, Deutsche Telekom, handed over ownership to the State of Hesse, which set up a branch of the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences in Dieburg (today's Dieburg campus).

Today the following educational institutions exist in Dieburg:

  • Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences (h_da) Dieburg campus; College for Applied Sciences
  • Gutenberg School; primary school
  • Marienschule; primary school
  • Goethe School; comprehensive school
  • Alfred Delp School; Upper secondary school
  • District Administrator Gruber School; Vocational school with a vocational high school
  • Anne Frank School; Special school for learning assistance
  • Gustav Heinemann School; Special school for mental development and physical and motor development.
  • PTI-Dieburg; Private school


sons and daughters of the town

The following list contains people born in Dieburg regardless of whether or not they later had their sphere of activity in Dieburg.

Personalities who worked in Dieburg

  • Alfred Delp (1907–1945), Jesuit and resistance fighter against National Socialism, graduated from the Goethe School in Dieburg
  • Paulus Terwitte (* 1959), headed the Capuchin Monastery in Dieburg from February 2006 to April 2009


Web links

Commons : Dieburg  - Collection of Images
Wikivoyage: Dieburg  - travel guide
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References and comments

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Dieburger Fastnachtsseiten. (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original ; accessed in February 2018 .
  3. Geology of the Odenwald in the Mineralienatlas. Private website, accessed November 2019 .
  4. ^ Rhein-Main-Tiefland structure. In: Environmental Atlas Hessen. Hessian State Office for Nature Conservation, Environment and Geology, accessed in November 2019 .
  5. ^ Günther Hoch: Reichsgut in Dieburg? In: The Odenwald - local history journal of the Breuberg Association. No. 2, 1955, pp. 55-56.
  6. a b c d e Dieburg, Darmstadt-Dieburg district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on June 4, 2018 .
  7. As an example of tyranny and arbitrariness of the authorities it is mentioned in: Anton Praetorius: Thorough report on magic. 1613 Preface, p. 20.
  8. ^ Herbert Pohl: Magic belief and fear of witches in the Electorate of Mainz. 2., revised. u. exp. Edition. Stuttgart 1998, p. 118 f.
  9. ^ A b c Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Starkenburg . tape 1 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt October 1829, OCLC 312528080 , p. 45 ( online at google books ).
  10. Magistrat der Stadt Dieburg (ed.): Dieburg a chronicle. Dieburger Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-00-023096-7 , pp. 64-166
  11. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  12. ^ Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 1 . Großherzoglicher Staatsverlag, Darmstadt 1862, DNB  013163434 , OCLC 894925483 , p. 43 ff . ( Online at google books ).
  13. a b List of offices, places, houses, population. (1806) HStAD inventory E 8 A No. 352/4. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of February 6, 1806.
  14. ^ Population according to nationality groups: Dieburg, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
  15. Migration background in%: Dieburg, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
  16. ^ Households by family: Dieburg, Stadt. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
  17. ^ Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 30 ( online at google books ).
  18. ^ Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No.  33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
  19. Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No.  52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
  20. ^ Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No.  46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
  21. local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No.  44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
  22. a b municipality data sheet : Dieburg. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH ;
  23. ^ The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2005). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original . ;
  24. ^ The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2010). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original . ;
  25. ^ Population figures : Dieburg, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
  26. ^ The population of the Hessian communities (June 30, 2015). (No longer available online.) In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt . Archived from the original . ;
  27. ^ Religious affiliation : Dieburg, city. In: Zensus2011. Bavarian State Office for Statistics , accessed in May 2015 .
  28. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. 432004 Dieburg, Stadt. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  29. ^ Result of the municipal election of March 27, 2011. 432004 Dieburg, Stadt. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in October 2019 .
  30. ^ Result of the municipal election of March 26, 2006. 432004 Dieburg, St. Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, accessed in October 2019 .
  31. Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997. (No longer available online.) Hessian State Statistical Office, archived from the original ; accessed in October 2019 .
  32. ^ Website of the Dieburg Independent Voting Association.
  33. Mayor election Dieburg 2017; Preliminary final result of March 12, 2017. In: Website. City of Dieburg, accessed November 2019 .
  34. ↑ Mayoral election in Dieburg, Stadt on March 13, 2017. Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in November 2019 .
  35. HStAD inventory R 6 C No. 45 / 1-2  Dieburg, coat of arms and flag. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen).
  36. Approval to carry a coat of arms to the city of Dieburg in the district of Dieburg, reg.-district Darmstadt from October 30, 1952 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1952 No. 46 , p. 847 , item 1145 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.3 MB ]).
  37. ^ Karl Ernst Demandt , Otto Renkhoff : Hessisches Ortswappenbuch. C. A. Starke Verlag, Glücksburg / Ostsee 1956, p. 84.
  38. ^ Approval of a flag for the city of Dieburg in the district of Dieburg, administrative district of Darmstadt, regional district of Darmstadt from July 20, 1954 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1954 No. 32 , p. 780 , point 731 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.8 MB ]).
  39. "Environmental Protection" map. BürgerGIS district of Darmstadt-Dieburg. Darmstadt-Dieburg district, accessed on June 10, 2020 .
  40. Lean sand lawn on the Spießfeld west of Dieburg. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), accessed on June 10, 2020 .
  41. ^ Protected landscape area Auenverbund Untere Gersprenz. European Environment Agency (EEA), accessed June 10, 2020 .
  42. Landscape protection area of ​​the district of Dieburg. European Environment Agency (EEA), accessed June 10, 2020 .
  43. Klaus Holde Fehr. In: Darmstädter Echo, Monday, June 17, 2019, p. 20.
  44. Darmstädter Echo, September 2, 2017, p. 18.
  45. Hessisches Statistisches Informationssystem In: Statistics.Hessen.