Darmstadt-Dieburg district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district Map of Germany, position of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 54 '  N , 8 ° 41'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
Administrative headquarters : Darmstadt
Area : 658.65 km 2
Residents: 297,844 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 452 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : DA, TU
Circle key : 06 4 32
Circle structure: 23 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Jägertorstrasse 207
64289 Darmstadt
Website : www.ladadi.de
District Administrator : Klaus Peter Schellhaas ( SPD )
Location of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district in Hesse
Kassel Landkreis Kassel Werra-Meißner-Kreis Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Fulda Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Lahn-Dill-Kreis Landkreis Limburg-Weilburg Landkreis Gießen Main-Kinzig-Kreis Wetteraukreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Hochtaunuskreis Wiesbaden Main-Taunus-Kreis Kreis Groß-Gerau Frankfurt am Main Offenbach am Main Landkreis Offenbach Darmstadt Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg Kreis Bergstraße Kreis Bergstraße Odenwaldkreis Baden-Württemberg Rheinland-Pfalz Bayern Nordrhein-Westfalen Niedersachsen Thüringenmap
About this picture
Headquarters of the district administration in Darmstadt-Kranichstein (2016)
Darmstadt-Dieburg district administration - Dieburg district building (2016)

The headquarters of the district administration is located in the district office in the Darmstadt district of Kranichstein . The second seat is the district building in Dieburg . In addition, there are further branches in Dieburg and especially for educational counseling in Groß-Umstadt , Ober-Ramstadt and Pfungstadt . The veterinary office is based in Darmstadt.

The district is known for the Messel Pit , which is rich in subtropical to tropical plant and animal fossils (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995 ).



The Darmstadt-Dieburg district lies on the edge of the northwestern foothills of the Odenwald . The landscape structure is heterogeneous: the western part of the district with the drifting sand areas between Weiterstadt and Pfungstadt belongs to the Hessian Rhine plain . The southwestern part around Seeheim and Alsbach belongs to the Bergstrasse , which creates the transition between the Upper Rhine Plain and the Odenwald, to which the southern district area also belongs. The area around Darmstadt and Messel is characterized by a densely forested and sparsely populated hilly landscape. The northeastern part, the Dieburger and the Umstädter Land, is a very fertile, hilly area that is traversed by numerous streams and the Gersprenz river, and gently merges into the Odenwald to the south with the Reinheimer Hügelland . On the “Kleine Bergstrasse” in Groß-Umstadt, however, the transition is as sudden as on the Bergstrasse itself.

Neighboring areas

The district borders clockwise in the north, beginning with the districts Offenbach (in Hesse), Aschaffenburg and Miltenberg (both in Bavaria ), Odenwaldkreis , Bergstrasse and Groß-Gerau (all in turn in Hesse). The independent city of Darmstadt protrudes from the north into the western district area.


The area of ​​today's Darmstadt-Dieburg district was populated early on. Traces from the Stone and Iron Ages can be seen in several places. The ring wall in Fischbachtal may indicate a Celtic settlement. The Romans annexed the district at the end of the first century AD. Around 125 AD, the Civitas Auderiensium with the main town of Dieburg was founded in what is now southern Hesse as the lower administrative unit . While the western district area remained rather sparsely populated, the Dieburger and Umstädter Land in the east was colonized as planned.

After the retreat of the Romans, the Alamanni first took possession of the district, then from CHF 506 onwards. All place names that end in -heim are Franconian foundations.

After that, the area falls into different possessions. In the West establish Counts of Katzenelnbogen , the Darmstadt , Gross-Gerau , Zwingenberg and (within the present circle) Ober-Ramstadt and Reinheim expand to cities. The western part of the district was under their rule, Weiterstadt and Griesheim with their economic farms supplied the castles of the counts in the Darmstadt and Groß-Gerau residences, while Pfungstadt and Seeheim became the administrative seat of their own office . In 1476 the entire possession of Katzenelnbogen fell to Hesse. In the eastern part of today's district, the history of the territory is much more complicated. In addition to small estates, which comprised only a few villages, there were some larger areas, but these rarely reached the size of today's communities. They were either administered by the local nobility (Eppertshausen) or belonged to larger counties or principalities. Groß-Umstadt with Otzberg belonged half to the Palatinate and half to Hanau, Babenhausen with Schaafheim as a whole belonged to Hanau, and Dieburg with Münster and Groß -zimmer belonged to the Electorate of Mainz , which tried to establish a land connection between its Rhine-Hessian and Lower Franconian possessions. While almost all areas became Protestant during the Reformation , Dieburg, Münster, Groß-Zimmer and Eppertshausen remained Catholic exclaves , which is still affecting voting behavior today.

After the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803, the entire area of Hesse-Darmstadt , later the Grand Duchy of Hesse, was assigned (with the exception of Dorndiel, Radheim and Mosbach, which only became part of HD in 1817). The offices of Darmstadt, Reinheim and Dieburg were initially established here; the area to the west of Darmstadt was temporarily part of the Groß-Gerau office. Then the two districts of Darmstadt and Dieburg emerged in the Starkenburg province .

Darmstadt left its district in 1938 as an independent city , the city and district of Darmstadt were formed, but the city remained the administrative seat of both districts. The circle Dieburg was in the course of the same reform for district Dieburg , further Dieburg as county seat ; however, some administrative tasks were handed over to Groß-Umstadt .

As part of the regional reform in Hesse , today's Darmstadt-Dieburg district was created from both districts on January 1, 1977. Some places were previously assigned to other districts: Brensbach (with Wersau ) and Fränkisch-Crumbach came to the Odenwaldkreis, Ober-Roden and Urberach (city of Rödermark ) and Nieder-Roden (to the city of Rodgau) came to the Offenbach district. The still independent city of Darmstadt gave the Sankt Stephans settlement to Griesheim . Darmstadt became the seat of the district administration, Dieburg remained a branch.

Population development

year Residents
Proportion of foreigners [%]
1975 235.693 8.4
1980 248.147 8.8
1985 249,407 8.1
1990 261,769 9.1
1995 279.066 12.3
2000 286.780 11.0
2005 290.292 10.6
2010 289.199 10.4
2015 292,773 12.8
2018 296.494 14.2

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , 39.8% of the population were Protestant , 23.6% Roman Catholic and 36.6% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Catholics and Protestants has fallen since then.


District council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Diagram showing the election results and the distribution of seats
Election of the Darmstadt-Dieburger district council in 2016
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
-4.2  % p
-3.5  % p
-8.1  % p
+ 12.9  % p
+ 2.6  % p
+ 0.5  % p
+ 0.4  % p
-0.7  % p
Distribution of seats in the district assembly 2016
23 10 4th 19th 
A total of 71 seats
Nominations %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 31.9 23 36.1 26th 39.8 28 45.0 36
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 26.9 19th 30.4 22nd 36.9 26th 35.4 29
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 13.5 10 21.6 15th 11.0 8th 10.9 9
AfD Alternative for Germany 12.9 9 - - - - - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 6.2 4th 3.6 3 5.6 4th 5.2 4th
THE LEFT. THE LEFT. 3.6 3 3.1 2 2.0 1 - -
FW Free voters 3.6 2 3.2 2 - - - -
PIRATES Pirate Party Germany 1.3 1 2.0 1 - - - -
DKP German Communist Party - - - - 1.3 1 - -
FWG Free voter communities - - - - 3.4 3 2.9 2
Animal welfare party Human Environment Animal Welfare Party - - - - - - 0.6 1
total 100.0 71 100.0 71 100.0 71 100.0 81
Voter turnout in% 48.9 50.2 47.0 54.0

Since 2008, it has not been allowed to record speeches by MPs from public district council meetings. In 2016, an application for live streaming from the district council was rejected again in the district council.

District Administrator

Alfred Jakoubek (SPD) was elected on March 2, 1997 with 55.6 percent of the votes in the first ballot. When he was re-elected on April 27, 2003, he received 62.0 percent of the vote in the first ballot. On April 26, 2009, Klaus Peter Schellhaas (SPD) was elected district administrator with 54.4 percent of the vote. He has held the office since October 1, 2009.

Coat of arms, flag and banner

Coat of arms of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district
Blazon : "In a shield divided by gold and blue, a blue-armored and tongued lion at the top, a red six-spoke wheel in its paws, and 23 silver stars at the bottom."
Justification of the coat of arms: The lion is the coat of arms symbol of the Counts of Katzenelnbogen , the wheel is the Mainz wheel and the stars stand for the 23 cities and municipalities of the district and are taken from the old Darmstadt district coat of arms, which showed 41 stars. The coat of arms was approved by the Hessian Interior Minister on June 16, 1978.

Flag description : "The circular coat of arms is placed on a white flag web with blue stripes in the upper half."


Darmstadt-Dieburg County has a partnership with North East Derbyshire , a district in Central England that is administered outside the city of Chesterfield . There are also partnerships with the district of Zwickau , the metropolitan city of Florence in Italy and the district of Mladá Boleslav in the Czech Republic.

Agricultural land near Ober-Ramstadt

Economy and Infrastructure


The high-tech location of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district, with around 290,000 inhabitants in 23 cities and municipalities, is an important part of the Frankfurt-Rhine-Main-Neckar metropolitan region. In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district was ranked 126th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 123rd out of 401.

Although the Dieburger Land is very fertile, and in the Groß-Umstadt area even viticulture is practiced and although asparagus cultivation generates high sales in the west of the district, the most important branch of the economy in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district is not agriculture. In the district, important companies, some with international reputation, u. a. the building materials industry (Groß-Umstadt), paint and varnish industry (Ober-Ramstadt) and the food industry (Alsbach-Hähnlein). Others benefit from the location on the autobahn and the Darmstadt city limits and have settled service companies and wholesale markets.


The federal highways 5 (Heidelberg – Frankfurt) and 67 (Mannheim – Darmstadt) run through the western district . Furthermore, several federal highways run through the district area, including the B 3 , B 26 , B 38 , B 45 and B 426 .

The Darmstadt-Dieburg Local Transport Organization (DADINA) is responsible for planning and organizing the public transport services in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district .

culture and education

There are over 80 schools in the district and its surroundings, including an international school with preschool at the Bergstrasse school village , further educational institutions, vocational schools as well as universities, colleges and technical colleges. In order to save household expenses, the grants for the Darmstadt-Dieburg music school will be canceled from 2015.

There are various cultural offers, including leisure opportunities in the Bergstrasse-Odenwald Nature Park with the only UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany, the Messel Pit .

Health facilities

There are two hospitals for general patient care in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district. The Darmstadt-Dieburg district clinics consist of two locations with 289 beds in Groß-Umstadt and 123 beds in Seeheim-Jugenheim . In Seeheim-Jugenheim, in addition to acute medicine (with a focus on orthopedics), neurological rehabilitation is also operated. In addition, there was the denominational St. Rochus Hospital in Dieburg until 2016, an affiliated hospital with 84 beds.


Erzhausen Weiterstadt Griesheim Pfungstadt Bickenbach (Bergstraße) Alsbach-Hähnlein Seeheim-Jugenheim Modautal Mühltal Ober-Ramstadt Messel Eppertshausen Münster (Hessen) Dieburg Roßdorf (bei Darmstadt) Fischbachtal Groß-Bieberau Reinheim Groß-Zimmern Otzberg Groß-Umstadt Schaafheim Babenhausen (Hessen) Darmstadt Bayern Odenwaldkreis Kreis Bergstraße Kreis Groß-Gerau Landkreis OffenbachMunicipalities in DA (district) .svg
About this picture

(Residents on December 31, 2019)


  1. Babenhausen (16,940)
  2. Dieburg (15,566)
  3. Griesheim (27,473)
  4. Gross-Bieberau (4656)
  5. Gross-Umstadt (21,251)
  6. Ober-Ramstadt (15,166)
  7. Pfungstadt (25.096)
  8. Reinheim (16,416)
  9. Weiterstadt (seat: Riedbahn) (26.052)

Other communities

  1. Alsbach-Hähnlein (seat: Alsbach) (9089)
  2. Bickenbach (6033)
  3. Eppertshausen (6247)
  4. Erzhausen (8070)
  5. Fischbachtal (seat: Niedernhausen) (2733)
  6. Large rooms (14,622)
  7. Messel (4090)
  8. Modautal (seat: Brandau) (5096)
  9. Mühltal (seat: Nieder-Ramstadt) (13,844)
  10. Munster (Hesse) (14,689)
  11. Otzberg (seat: Lengfeld) (6404)
  12. Rossdorf (12,612)
  13. Schaafheim (9237)
  14. Seeheim-Jugenheim (Seat: Seeheim) (16,462)

License Plate

On January 1, 1977, the district was assigned the DA , which has been valid since July 1, 1956 for the Darmstadt district. It is still issued today. Since January 2, 2013, due to the characteristics liberalization the distinguishing sign also DI (Dieburg) available.

Nature and protected areas

The district stretches from the Upper Rhine Plain to the Main Plain, and from the Messeler Hügelland to the northern Odenwald, over altitudes of 88 m at the boundary of Griesheim-Wolfskehlen up to 592 m at the Neunkirchner Höhe. This diverse area contains 29 rare habitat types with rich fauna and flora. To protect these biotopes , 27 nature reserves and four landscape protection areas have been designated. There are also 28 Natura 2000 areas (including 23 FFH areas and 5 bird sanctuaries), some of which span districts , as well as two natural forest reserves (Kniebrecht and Zellhäuser Düne). Numerous individual trees, rock formations or small areas are protected as natural monuments. As a world-class fossil deposit, the Messel Pit has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995 .

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 381 .
  3. Hessisches Statistisches Informationssystem In: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt
  4. Population figures on June 30, 2018 (data source: Hessian State Statistical Office). Archived from the original on February 9, 2019 ; accessed on February 9, 2019 .
  5. ^ District of Darmstadt-Dieburg Religion , 2011 census
  6. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2016 and 2011
  7. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2011 and 2006
  8. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2006 and 2001
  9. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2001 and 1997
  10. 2006 election: WASG
  11. The district council blocks. ( Memento from December 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) In: Frankfurter Rundschau from July 17, 2008.
  12. ^ Proposal for livestream from the district council failed for the second time. In: Darmstädter Echo. February 7, 2016, archived from the original ; accessed in April 2019 .
  13. Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  14. PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
  15. International school at the Bergstrasse school village
  16. String concert begins at Musikschule, ( Memento from February 14, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In: echo online from April 2, 2014
  17. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  18. Horst Bathon, Georg Wittenberger: The natural monuments of the Darmstadt-Dieburg district with biotope tours , 2nd expanded and completely revised edition. In: Schriftenreihe Landkreis Darmstadt-Dieburg, (Ed.) District Committee of the District of Darmstadt-Dieburg - Lower Nature Conservation Authority, Darmstadt, 2016. ISBN 978-3-00-050136-4 . 243 pages.