Work & Social Justice - The Alternative Choice
|Work & Social Justice - The Alternative Choice|
|Party leader||none (Federal Executive Board: Klaus Ernst , Axel Troost , Christine Buchholz , Thomas Handel )|
|Emergence||Formation of party structures through the association Wahlalternative Arbeit und Social Justice|
|founding||July 3, 2004 (Association)
January 22, 2005 (Party)
|fusion||June 16, 2007
(incorporated in: Die Linke )
|Headquarters||Königswarter Strasse 16
|Alignment||Democratic socialism , social democracy , economic democracy|
|Number of members||8944 (2006)|
Work & Social Justice - The Wahlalternative ( WASG ) was a left-wing political party in Germany , which in the course of 2004 consisted primarily of government-critical SPD members and trade unionists, initially as an association Wahlalternative Arbeit und Sozial Gerechtigkeit e. V. had formed and was constituted as a party on January 22, 2005. She mainly represented democratic-socialist , social-democratic and union-related positions, but was also a political point of contact for Eurocommunists and other left groups. On June 16, 2007, after a successful ballot, the WASG and the PDS were formally united to form the Left Party . On December 31, 2006, the WASG had 8,944 members.
The party saw itself as part of or as a parliamentary representative of social movements. It was considered to be close to the trade union and opposed an excessive influence of capital interests on politics and society. The historian Jochen Weichold therefore referred to it in retrospect as the “contemporary workers' party”.
According to board members such as the economist Axel Troost, a draft for the programmatic basis was strongly influenced by the memoranda of the Alternative Economic Policy working group . The program aimed to boost demand and outlined the conception of social justice that the party considered desirable. This included a return to a tax policy that taxed more heavily on economic performance . In particular, the tax cuts of the red-green government since 1999 for the capital income of the large stock corporations and for high incomes should be reversed and the wealth tax , which expired in 1997, should be reintroduced.
In the Working Group on Alternative Economic Policy, trade unionists looked for alternatives to the neoliberal and supply-side economic policy , which is supported by the majority of German economists.
Controversial relationship to socialism
Although socialism is the name of a journal closely related to the WASG, the WASG was initially a protest movement that did not see socialism as a common goal. In contrast, the concept of economic democracy found its way into the party's founding program. Nevertheless, members of the WASG often saw themselves as socialists, but some also rejected socialist concepts of society.
In the founding phase, the WASG distinguished itself from the PDS through its official stance on socialism , without on the other hand closing itself off from the potential of the previous PDS members. Typical representatives of socialism in the WASG then became former and active members of small parties and associations such as the DKP , the SAV , von Linksruck or the KBW .
After the Fürth trade unionist Thomas Handel had already described himself as a democratic socialist at the founding party congress, the “discussion proposal” for the program of the joint new Left Party spoke of a commitment to democratic socialism . The left party PDS called this a basic requirement for a common approach.
The WASG presented itself as a broad political platform. Its members came from different areas, mostly from left, but also from Christian Democratic parties (the SPD, the Greens, the PDS, the DKP and even the CDU). There were also left-wing intellectuals, union members, members of social movements such as Attac , alternative economists and social scientists , supporters of Christian social doctrine , pragmatic communists and anarchists , pensioners as well as people from the previous non- voters and protest voters milieu . In general, the western regional associations were stronger than the eastern ones. Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia and the Saar regional association were particularly strong.
Foundation and educational institutions
The Rosa Luxemburg Foundation is a foundation closely related to the Left Party, which has accompanied the process of connecting the WASG and the Left Party as well as the SALZ educational community as an educational community close to the WASG. While the political educational work of the RLS Foundation for local and regional educational work is flanked by RLS clubs, in the case of the SALZ educational community, these are the educational groups that work with a similar aim. The possibilities of cooperation after the merger process are the subject of current discussions.
The WASG did not have its own youth association at the federal level . In Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Rhineland-Palatinate, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Brandenburg and parts of North Rhine-Westphalia, it had recognized the youth association close to the Left Party ['solid] - the socialist youth as its youth association. In Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia and Bremen there were party youth groups, but they cooperated with ['solid] . Before the WASG merged with the Left Party, the various youth structures united to form Left Youth ['solid] .
In May 2007, WASG and PDS-related university groups and other left-wing university groups founded the university association Die Linke.SDS . University groups from the WASG and PDS have already competed jointly for university elections at several universities.
Currents and wings
The anti-capitalist left , formed in March 2006, is a current in the WASG and the Left Party. The anti-capitalist left ties in with the new common left party and its politics, programmatic minimum conditions and minimum conditions for government participation. Initiators of the anti-capitalist left were u. a. Sahra Wagenknecht and Ulla Jelpke .
The Socialist Left (SL), formed in August 2006, is a current in the WASG and Left Party that represents Left Keynesian , Marxist and reform communist positions. The union-oriented Socialist Left is striving for a modern socialist party modeled on the SP of the Netherlands or the Italian Rifondazione Comunista. Six members of the Bundestag from the left-wing parliamentary group and a slim majority of the members of the WASG's federal executive committee were among the founding members of the Socialist Left. The SL was strongly represented in the WASG committees.
Network Left Opposition
In October 2006, the Left Opposition Network (NLO) was formed as a stream of class struggle and socialist people and groups inside and outside the WASG. She criticized the unconditional merger and made “red lines”, such as no participation in government cutbacks, a merger criterion. The NLO works mainly in the social movement and intervenes in industrial disputes. But also campaigns against militarization and imperialism are part of the work of the NLO. The main goal is to build an alternative force to the left of the Left Party. The number of supporters is estimated at several hundred people.
The Leverkusener Kreis (LVK) was an association of around 300 members within the WASG and, according to its own information, had 1,500 interested parties. The date of establishment of the Leverkusener Kreis was June 10, 2005 on the occasion of the cooperation between WASG and PDS, which was still being planned at the time. They spoke out against working together with the PDS in the early federal elections in 2005 . The WASG's state board of North Rhine-Westphalia then opened three exclusion proceedings. After a few months, the members fell out and split into individual small groups. Many also left the WASG.
The WASG's party assets were small. According to Bundestag printed paper 16/5230, the WASG had no real estate and only little funds.
The party had hardly any cash on hand. It was therefore dependent on donations and state party funding. While the party received around 126,000 euros from the state (as of 2005), its premium income made up around 600,000 euros. She received around 330,000 euros through donations and mandate holder contributions . According to statements by the treasurer and media reports, the party had taken out loans of EUR 300,000 to pre-finance election campaigns. A party congress was held in Geseke for cost reasons ; the non-reimbursement of travel expenses was considered. Nevertheless, the financial situation was precarious.
In 2005, the party did not receive donations of more than 10,000 euros from any individual or company. In 2006 and 2007 the party received grants from members of the Bundestag, including Oskar Lafontaine and Klaus Ernst . The net worth of the party (money and valuables against loans and payment obligations) was around 125,000 euros in 2005. At no time did the WASG have real estate or holdings in companies.
From the WASG association to the 2004/2005 party
The party emerged from the election alternative work and social justice association , which was founded on July 3, 2004. This emerged from the meeting of two groups that had their origins in left-wing social democracy - the 2006 election alternative and the Labor and Social Justice initiative .
Founding of a party and naming
At the end of November 2004 a decision was made in Nuremberg to found a party. Several members of the provisional federal executive board had declared that they wanted to establish such a party and stand for the next federal election. As the new Left Party, the party wanted to offer dissatisfied voters and non-voters an alternative.
In December there was a ballot on the planned formation of a party, which most members approved. Finally, on January 22nd, 2005 in Göttingen, the official party was founded with the name Work & Social Justice - The alternative option with the abbreviation ASG. The training institute ASG-Bildungsforum successfully sued this abbreviation at the Düsseldorf Regional Court . From then on, the party took over the abbreviation WASG from the association, which henceforth was used to differentiate WAsG e. V. was called.
Shortly after it was founded, the North Rhine-Westphalia state association decided to participate in the NRW state elections in May. The federal executive initially wanted to push ahead with building up the party, as the structures were still too weak for successful participation in the election. A conference of state delegates in Düsseldorf on January 23, 2005 selected forty candidates for the state reserve list with the Herne social pastor Jürgen Klute as the top candidate. Surprisingly for the public, the WASG immediately became the fifth strongest party, but with around 2.2% of the vote it clearly failed because of the five percent hurdle . In view of their first appearance, this was rated as a success, especially since the turnout was significantly higher than in the state elections in 2000 and the appearance was still in competition with the later cooperation partner PDS, which like all other, smaller parties with less than 1% of the votes had access to government party funding remained denied.
Linked to the election result was the loss of the red-green parliamentary majority. The WASG was able to recruit its electorate in particular from the pool of previous non-voters , but also from the electorate of the SPD. The SPD leadership rated the result as a “punishment” for the voters for the reforms of Agenda 2010 , which prompted Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to announce the early election on the evening of the election .
After the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia, Chancellor Schröder called early elections for the Bundestag for September 22, 2005. The WASG was not prepared personally or financially for such an early federal election. Despite numerous accessions, the WASG remained a marginal party without a chance.
In this situation, the former offered SPD - party leader Oskar Lafontaine to, together with the former PDS chairpersons Gregor Gysi to lead an election platform of WASG and PDS. This was not possible due to voting rights, which is why it was decided among several models for individual WASG members to be eligible for candidacy on the PDS state lists. At the request of the WASG, this was renamed Die Linkspartei . On June 18, Oskar Lafontaine joined the WASG and shortly afterwards became a top candidate in North Rhine-Westphalia and a direct candidate in his hometown Saarbrücken . Lafontaine sparked a strong wave of accession in both WASG and Left Party.PDS. Among them were well-known SPD members and trade unionists such as Peter von Oertzen , who changed party membership on March 18, 2005, and Ulrich Maurer, member of the Baden-Württemberg state parliament, on July 1. He continued to exercise his state parliament mandate. Maurer was the first WASG member of the state parliament.
The joint candidacy was highly controversial. During the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia, leading representatives of the WASG rejected any alliance with the PDS. Some radical critics of the election project gathered in the Leverkusen district . This group could not prevail in the end, whereupon some members resigned and founded various splinter groups. The establishment of a new party, Alliance for Peace + Social Justice (FSG) was also discussed. Closely linked to the "PDS question" is the dispute over government participation and factual policy or more protest.
Since July 2005, forecasts by opinion research institutes have designated the Left Party, together with the WASG, as the new third strongest force. After the polls toppled 14 days before the election - the CDU / CSU and FDP now missed a majority - the media began to discuss various coalition models.
Blurring borders to the Left Party.PDS
The WASG was now perceived as a new political force on the left of the SPD. The WASG top candidates Oskar Lafontaine (North Rhine-Westphalia / Saarland), Ulrich Maurer (Baden-Württemberg) and Klaus Ernst (Bavaria) were now represented in numerous talk shows and print articles. In issue 35/2005 of Der Spiegel, for example, there was a dispute between Oskar Lafontaine and the Bavarian Prime Minister and CSU Chairman Edmund Stoiber . On the other hand, many media no longer perceived the WASG as an independent actor, but as part of an overall project in which Gregor Gysi, Lothar Bisky and Bodo Ramelow also appeared as prominent Left Party politicians.
From the project “West German Left” to a single left party
On August 19, 2005, Left Party leader Lothar Bisky and WASG board member Klaus Ernst announced that they would implement the project of a joint united Left Party faster than previously planned. Until then, however, the WASG must first become a strong party in the West . At the beginning of September 2005 the WASG had over 10,500 members. First of all, both signed a five-page cooperation agreement.
While the majority of the WASG members saw an alliance with the Linkspartei.PDS as a unique opportunity to move into the Bundestag with the aim of unifying the political left across Germany, a minority around the Leverkusen district fears that the Left Party will only support the WASG will be used to gain a foothold in West Germany. There were also a few unification critics in the Left Party. In the PDS headquarters, the joke question circulated during the federal election campaign about the commonality of the WASG with a condom: "Without it is more beautiful, but with it is safer." The two parliamentary group chairmen Oskar Lafontaine and Gregor Gysi did not share such concerns and already explained theirs Appearances in the 2005 Bundestag election campaign were the "historic opportunity" to form a common, politically effective force on the left of the SPD.
After the election, working groups from the WASG and Linkspartei.PDS should work out a joint party program for the future. The name "Left Party" should not change any more. It was also agreed that the parties should not compete against each other in the upcoming state elections. On the basis of this agreement, the Left Party of Rhineland-Palatinate withdrew from its candidacy for the 2006 state elections. In Baden-Württemberg as well as in the local elections in Hesse, the parties agreed on joint candidacies. Only a few, and there with little success, WASG and Left Party competed separately in some municipalities.
The Berlin regional association of the WASG had announced that it would run against the Linkspartei.PDS in the state elections. This was decided at a state party conference on November 26th and 27th, 2005 and led to controversial discussions.
Further steps after the election
The Left Party received 8.7% of the vote in the 2005 Bundestag election and entered the 16th German Bundestag with 54 members. After the Linkspartei.PDS had decided on the possibility of double membership between the WASG and the Left Party at its federal party congress, leading representatives of both parties joined the other party. Prominent examples were Gregor Gysi and Oskar Lafontaine as well as the Berlin state manager of the Left Party, Carsten Schatz . In particular, because of the existing tensions between the Berlin regional associations, appeals arose against some double memberships, in other regional associations attempts were made, contrary to the statutes, to prohibit double members from accessing party meetings. The WASG arbitration tribunal has now declared the discrimination ineffective and unlawful.
In a ballot , the result of which was announced at the beginning of April 2006, around 78% of the validly cast votes (57% voter turnout) were in favor of further negotiations with the Left Party and the goal of a new left all-German party. Thereupon a party congress ratified on 29./30. April 2006 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein the so-called Cooperation Agreement III . The content of this agreement included further negotiations and various measures, including: a. the authorization of the federal executive boards to prevent competing candidates.
Party congress in Geseke 18./19. November 2006
In Geseke further hurdles were overcome on the way of the merger with the Left Party to the new Left . The party decided to transform the WASG into a new registered association . The federal party congress of the WASG confirmed the previous executive board in office. Thomas Handel, who achieved a result of 61.4%, was also the treasurer and member of the federal executive board. Klaus Ernst, elected with 55.3%, Axel Troost, elected with 53.8% and Felicitas Weck , elected with 59.8% , also formed the executive board . In the first ballot, Christine Buchholz , Ralf Krämer , Martina Sacher , Heidi Scharff , Michael Schlecht , Ulrike Zerhau were directly elected to the extended board . In the second ballot, the following were elected to the extended federal board: Thies Gleiss , Christel Rajda , Lucy Redler , Fritz Schmalzbauer, Thomas Waldheim .
Martina Sacher, Michael Schlecht, Lucy Redler and Thomas Waldheim were new to the WASG's national board. Martina Sacher is the general works council at DB Services in Dresden. Michael Schlecht is union secretary and works in Berlin as head of ver.di’s economic policy department . He is known as an opponent of the " unconditional basic income " and opposes this with "needs-based basic security". Thomas Waldheim is district union secretary of the IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt in Magdeburg, co-organizer of the Monday demonstrations in Schönebeck. Lucy Redler is a social economist and member of the SAV .
Party congress in Dortmund 24./25. March 2007
On the two days, the federal party conferences of the WASG and the Linkspartei.PDS took place in the Dortmund Westfalenhallen. In a voting marathon in which both parties had to decide on more than 500 motions each, the founding documents for the future common party Die Linke were decided ("programmatic cornerstones", statutes and various regulations as well as the merger agreement). Under exceptional rules of procedure, motions and resolutions were passed back and forth between the parties until a consensus was reached. There was a lot of debate, especially about programmatic points, for example the question of consent to war missions under Article VII of the UN Charter . Finally, 87.7% of the WASG delegates approved the merger agreement.
According to the resolutions, the merger should take place with effect from June 16, 2007 according to the Association Act. The founding party conference should also take place on this day.
However, especially in Rhineland-Palatinate, there were mishaps with the list , so the state returning officer deleted all list positions from 8 to 40, so that the state list of the WASG only included seven candidates.
In Rhineland-Palatinate, the WASG / Left received 2.5% of the votes and, like in Baden-Württemberg, became the fifth strongest force in the state.
The WASG / Linke achieved 3.1% of the votes cast in Baden-Württemberg and thus failed to make it into the state parliament . However, the WASG / Linke immediately became the fifth strongest party in the country and was able to achieve results over five percent in constituencies such as Mannheim I (6.9%), Freiburg II (6.9%) and Pforzheim (5.5%). It performed worst with 2.1% in Schorndorf , Backnang and Balingen and with 1.8% in Rottweil and Freudenstadt .
The poor performance of the SPD in Baden-Württemberg was partly due to the success of the WASG, which presumably snatched away some voters from the SPD. Primarily, however, the number of non-voters increased to the detriment of the SPD (and other parties), and the WASG could not derive much profit from it. When comparing the constituencies , the results of the SPD and the WASG correlate positively, if not very pronounced. This means that where the SPD was strong, the WASG was also stronger. Something similar was already evident in the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Much better results were achieved in the local elections in Hesse , which also took place on March 26, 2006 . There, WASG members mostly competed on lists of electoral associations with names such as “ Die Linke.WASG ”.
Although an extraordinary federal party congress of the WASG in Ludwigshafen am Rhein on April 29th decided not to allow any competing candidates in accordance with the framework agreement with the Left Party, the WASG in Berlin and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania sought one. The federal executive board then removed the executive boards from their offices on behalf of the federal party congress. The Berlin state executive, however, fought for his reinstatement in court. This cleared the way for the sole start, as the top candidate was nominated Lucy Redler , who campaigned for a quick return of Berlin to the municipal employers' association and the recognition of the applicable collective bargaining agreement.
In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania a competing election was also decided. The WASG in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania rejected the Left Party's course as too left and relied on earlier WASG statements that it was not a left party, but a welfare state party.
Both of the WASG regional associations that stood up did not receive any parliamentary mandates due to the five percent hurdle (Berlin 2.9%, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 0.5%). However, the WASG was able to move into seven district council meetings in Berlin with a total of 14 members.
In the election for the honorary mayor of Graefenroda in Thuringia , Frank Fiebig won 54.2% of the votes with Left Party support. He is the only WASG mayor. A total of three members of the WASG ran in consultation with the Left Party. Hubert Bischoff won 18.9% as a district administrator candidate in the Kyffhäuserkreis . Ines Zipfel in Weida ( Greiz district ) achieved 14.6% in the mayoral election. In the Mayor election in Esslingen am Neckar on October 8, 2006, Thomas Mitsch received 2.21 percent of the vote. Competing candidacies, e.g. Herbert Ziegenhahn jun. in Gera against the alliance of the Left, SPD and Greens failed with 2.3%.
|1.||January 22, 2005||Goettingen|
|2.||6-8 May 2005||Dortmund|
|3.||July 3, 2005||kassel|
|(Canceled January 22, 2006)||March 4, 2006||-|
|4th||29-30 April 2006||Ludwigshafen am Rhein|
|5.||18. – 19. November 2006||Geseke-Eringerfeld|
|6th||24.-25. March 2007||Dortmund|
|7th||June 15, 2007||Berlin|
Well-known WASG members
- Oskar Lafontaine , Member of the Bundestag, former Minister-President of the Saarland , Federal Minister of Finance and party leader of the SPD
- Gregor Gysi , Member of the Bundestag, former chairman of the SED, later PDS
- Ulrich Maurer , Member of the Bundestag, former state and parliamentary group chairman of the SPD in Baden-Württemberg
- Klaus Ernst , Member of the Bundestag, 1st authorized representative of IG Metall Schweinfurt
- Werner Dreibus , Member of the Bundestag, 1st authorized representative of IG Metall Offenbach
- Axel Troost , Member of the Bundestag, economist
- Manfred Coppik , former SPD politician, Member of the Bundestag, founder of the Democratic Socialist Party (DS)
- Hans Wallow , former SPD politician, Member of the Bundestag
- Peter von Oertzen , 1946–2005 member of the SPD; 2006 left the WASG
- Elmar Altvater , German political scientist
- Bernd Riexinger , German politician ( Die Linke )
- Thomas Händel , MEP, former 1st authorized representative IG Metall Fürth
Opponents of the merger of the WASG with the PDS initiated various start-ups, almost all of which claim to continue the original idea of the WASG. However, they partly differ in their political orientation.
Social alternative for justice
The Social Alternative for Justice (short name: SAG ) was founded by opponents of the merger who were convinced that without the continuation of the WASG as an independent party, no other policy would be possible. The SAG was particularly against the Berlin Alternative for Solidarity and Counter-Defense (BASG). She rejects the explicitly left, socialist orientation of the BASG.
From spring 2007 to December 31, 2009, the SAG formed a parliamentary group with three members in the Treptow-Köpenick district council . The party developed activities in the federal states of Berlin, Hesse, Bavaria, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and North Rhine-Westphalia. The federal election committee denied the party status on July 17, 2009, so that the SAG was not admitted to the 2009 federal election . Regional associations in Berlin and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania have existed since October 2010.
At its founding party congress on June 21 and 22, 2008, the SAG elected its first federal executive board and adopted its federal statutes; the political program remained. Hartmut Nemak was the founding chairman. Since the founding board consisted of only five members instead of the eight members provided for in the statutes, some members asked for it to be completed. Three board members refused. The dispute escalated and divided the party. In 2008, the opposing wing elected a constitutional counter-board and the counter-chairman Alexander Weber. Finally, the opposition wing sued the board. The internal party controversy only ended in June 2010 with a settlement in court. As a result of the dispute, many members resigned, including chairmen Nemak and Weber. Successors were Paul Jörns (2010–2011) and Dieter Schulze (from 2011). In 2012 the party was renamed BürgerVerbund (BV). On May 8, 2013, the members dissolved the party.
Berlin alternative for solidarity and resistance
Sixty opponents of the merger of the Berlin WASG, including the former state board member Lucy Redler , founded the Berlin-based, socialist-oriented association Berliner Alternative für Solidarität und Gegenwehr (BASG) on April 29, 2007 . She planned to develop into a Berlin municipal party and was supported by the Socialist Alternative (SAV) . However, there were no candidacies in elections. Political work was stopped around 2010. Redler then joined the party Die Linke in 2010 .
Elective alternative social Berlin
Opponents of the merger from Berlin, which included several WASG district assembly councilors, founded the Berlin election alternative party (WAS-B) on April 27, 2007 . It concentrated on the Berlin state and district politics. Networking with other regional groups of former WASG members was planned. Until September 2011, the WAS-B was represented with two members in the district assembly of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and in the districts of Tempelhof-Schöneberg , Lichtenberg and Marzahn-Hellersdorf with one member each. In the elections for the district assembly on September 18, 2011, the WAS-B did not run.
Social justice - North Rhine-Westphalia
In North Rhine-Westphalia , the party Social Justice - North Rhine-Westphalia (SG-NRW) emerged from several smaller spin-offs of the WASG and the SAG state association of North Rhine-Westphalia . The party chairman was Helmut Geuking , former district chairman of WASG Coesfeld, who was elected to the city council of Billerbeck for SG-NRW in 2009 . The party ran with two direct candidates for the state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia in 2010 , but did not run in 2012. On December 1, 2012, it merged with the German Family Party . In October 2013 Helmut Geuking was elected chairman of the German Family Party in North Rhine-Westphalia. He held this office until May 2016. At the federal party congress from 19./20. November Helmut Geuking was elected deputy chairman.
Alternative alliance for social justice Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
The AB was founded in 2006 and is only active in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. She last ran for the state elections in 2011.
- WASG / PDS candidacy models for the 2005 Bundestag election (for details on the controversial list compilation procedure)
- Falk Heunemann: The Invention of the Left Party: The cooperation of the PDS and the WASG for the 2005 Bundestag election , Saarbrücken 2008. ISBN 978-3-8364-6007-1
- Jürgen P. Lang : The merger of PDS and WASG from an extremism-theoretical perspective , in: Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung (Hrsg.): Extremism in Germany - Focuses, Perspectives, Comparison, Munich 2007, pp. 54-63 (= Political Studies, Special issue 1/2007).
- Jürgen P. Lang: A new left? - The efforts to merge PDS and WASG , in: Yearbook Extremism & Democracy 18, Baden-Baden 2006, ISBN 978-3-8329-2431-7 , pp. 171–188
- Jürgen P. Lang: The double left. An analysis of the cooperation between PDS and WASG , in: Germany Archive , 2/2006, pp. 208–216. Text online
- Nils Schnelle: The WASG - From the foundation to the planned merger with the Left Party , Munich 2007. ISBN 978-3-638-68071-4
- Andreas M. Vollmer: Work & Social Justice - The Alternative Choice (WASG): Origin, History and Balance Sheet , Baden-Baden 2013. ISBN 978-3-8487-0103-2
- Jochen Weichold: The WASG - a contemporary workers' party. An overview of the short history of the "Elective Work and Social Justice" , in: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Issue II / 2013.
- Finding aid Elective Work and Social Justice (2004 to 2007) , Archive for Democratic Socialism of the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation
- tagesschau.de: Fusion to the "left" perfect (tagesschau.de archive)
- Die-linke.de: 100 days Die Linke
- Jochen Weichold: The WASG - a contemporary workers' party. An overview of the short history of the “Elective Work and Social Justice.” In: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume II / 2013.
- Die Welt: WASG excludes members due to party harm from August 24, 2005
- Spiegel Online: Party dispute: WASG wants to expel three members from August 23, 2005
- Ute Reissner, "Elective Work and Social Justice - A Bureaucratic Maneuver" , on the World Socialist Web Site, June 16, 2004.
- wasg-nrw.de: State reserve list ( Memento from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- The State Officer of North Rhine-Westphalia: Final result for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia ( Memento from June 16, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- wsws.org: electoral debacle of the SPD in North Rhine-Westphalia ; WDR: WASG voter hike ( Memento from February 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Schröder resigns from the Bundestag, November 22, 2005
- Quiet and Lubricated , Der Spiegel, August 15, 2005
- Michael Schlecht: needs-oriented basic security
- Roderich Egeler (Federal Returning Officer): Overview of the recognition of the parties in the Federal Election Committee ( memento from July 20, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Bundestag information from July 17, 2009
- SAG homepage ( Memento from October 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- WAS-B website ( Memento from June 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- WASG Kreisverband Coesfeld founded wahlalternative-bocholt.de, accessed on July 6, 2019
- Result of city council elections 2009 of the city of Billerbeck , accessed on July 6, 2019
- Resignation of Helmut Geuking ( memento of July 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 6, 2019
- Federal Executive Board for the Family Party ( Memento from January 13, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 6, 2019