2nd district of Berlin
|Residents||290,386 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||14,277 inhabitants / km²|
|Proportion of foreigners||25.6% (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Unemployment rate||8.1% (Nov. 30, 2019)|
|Post Code||10178, 10179, 10243, 10245, 10247, 10249, 10317, 10961, 10963, 10965, 10967, 10969, 10997, 10999|
Frankfurter Allee 35/37
|Average age||37.8 years (Dec 31, 2016)|
|Structure of the district|
|District Mayor||Monika Herrmann ( Greens )|
|Deputy District Mayor||Knut Mildner-Spindler ( left )|
|Allocation of seats ( district assembly )|
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is the second administrative district of Berlin and had 290,386 inhabitants on December 31, 2019.
The smallest of Berlin's twelve districts has the highest population density and the lowest average age . It was created in 2001 with the Berlin administrative reform through the merger of the previously independent districts of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg .
The centrally located Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is considered creative and is internationally known for a diverse nightlife and cultural life.
The geometric center of Berlin is located near Alexandrinenstrasse 12 in the Kreuzberg district . ( ) The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district borders on the Mitte and Pankow districts in the north, the Lichtenberg district in the east, and the Treptow-Köpenick and Neukölln districts in the south . In the west and south-west it borders on the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district .
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is one of two districts (next to the Mitte district ) that consist of parts of the former East and West Berlin. The two districts of today's district, Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, are separated from each other by the Spree . The Oberbaumbrücke connects both old districts and has thus become the landmark of the new administrative district, which is expressed in the district coat of arms .
Both districts are among the trendy districts of Berlin and are experiencing a structural change in the form of gentrification (socio-economic district upgrading) due to the high demand for living space . Since Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain have been seen as a unit since the merger, abbreviations such as "Kreuzhain", "Xhain" or "FR-KR" have become established.
December 31, 2019
per square kilometer
- Volkspark Friedrichshain
- Fairytale fountain
- Goerlitzer Park
- Viktoriapark (am Kreuzberg )
- Park on the Spree near the East Side Gallery
Quarters and squares
- Frankfurter Tor
- checkpoint Charlie
- Kreuzberg with national monument
- Kreuzberg 36 with Kottbusser Tor , Oranienstraße and Oranienplatz
- Boxhagener Platz
- Wrangelkiez with Schlesisches Tor
- Admiral Bridge
- South star
- Oberbaum Bridge and Oberbaum City
- Riehmers Hofgarten ( listed Wilhelminian style ensemble)
- Riga Street
With around 12,600 reports to the public order office in 2017, the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district is one of the Berlin districts most polluted by garbage in public spaces. Public pollution is caused by private bulky waste deposits, unremoved bicycle wrecks, litter of all kinds, discarded bottles and cigarette scraps.
In the course of the founding of Greater Berlin , the Friedrichshain district was formed in 1920. It comprised most of the Stralau suburb, a small part of the royal city and Stralau. The name Friedrichshain was new as a city area name and was derived from the Volkspark on the edge of what was then the district.
The Kreuzberg district was formed in 1920 from the Tempelhofer Vorstadt, the Upper Friedrichsvorstadt , the southern Friedrichstadt and a large part of the Luisenstadt . The former district and today's district was named after Kreuzberg, located in the southwest in today's Viktoriapark .
On January 1, 2001, the previously independent Berlin districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain were combined to form the new Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district. In 2014 it was decided to swap space with the neighboring Tempelhof-Schöneberg district .
|Population development in the
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district from 2001 to 2012 (as of before the 2011 census )
As of December 31, 2019, the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district had 290,386 inhabitants on an area of 20.2 square kilometers. On the same date, the population density was 14,277 inhabitants per square kilometer. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg was one of the most densely populated places in Germany and Europe.
Structurally, the two districts differ, especially with regard to their population composition . In 2002 the proportion of foreigners according to the Berlin State Statistical Office was 32.8% in Kreuzberg and 8.7% in Friedrichshain. On December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners in the entire district was 25.6%. On the reporting date, the proportion of the population with a migration background was 41.0%.
The age composition of the population differs significantly. In Kreuzberg, the proportion of 35 to 60-year-olds is higher, and the proportion of younger people is accordingly lower than in Friedrichshain. Mainly young adults live in the district. The average age of the population on December 31, 2016 was 37.8 years, the lowest of all Berlin districts, making Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg the district with the youngest inhabitants (comparison: the Steglitz-Zehlendorf district has the oldest population at 46.2 years) .
Within Germany, the district is one of the areas with the youngest residents on average.
- Zalando , MDAX listed online fashion retailer, company headquarters
- Rocket Internet , MDAX listed investment company, head office
- elumeo Group , CDAX listed gemstone jewelry manufacturer, company headquarters
- Native Instruments , manufacturer of software instruments, company headquarters
- Unu , manufacturer of electric scooters, company headquarters
- rebuy , online retailer, company headquarters
- AUTO1 Group , online car dealer, company headquarters
- Coca-Cola , Germany headquarters
- Universal Music headquarters in Germany
- Bundesdruckerei , state security printing company
Trade and craft
In 2014, 4276 business registrations and 2736 business cancellations were recorded in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The unemployment rate in the district was 8.9% on June 30, 2018.
The Berlin Chamber of Crafts , a business association for craft businesses, is based in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. In 2015, of the 30,015 craft firms represented in Berlin, a total of 1,894 were registered in the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district.
- Axel Springer SE , media company
- Der Tagesspiegel , daily newspaper
- New Germany , daily newspaper
- taz , daily newspaper
- Handelsblatt -Today , editor
- Die Zeit , online editing of the daily newspaper
- 032c , culture magazine
- 11 Freunde , magazine for football culture
- Cicero , magazine
- Style in Berlin & iHeartBerlin , blogs
- Flux FM , radio station
- Nebenan.de , Internet platform
- Florida TV, television production
- Hansa Studios , recording studio
The federal highways B 1 , B 5 , B 96 and B 96a run through Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The Karl-Marx-Allee in Friedrichshain is one with a width of about 60 meters to the breitesten Berlin's city streets.
The Oberbaumbrücke, which connects the two districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain, is one of the most frequented passages in Berlin by cyclists. The planned Y-route rapid cycle connection is to run through the district.
Under the direction of the head of the Green Space Office Felix Weisbrich, the district set up a large number of additional bike paths at short notice during the Corona crisis .
The Ostkreuz station in Friedrichshain is one of the largest transfer stations in Berlin with over 120,000 train users every day. The station was rebuilt by 2018 and connected to the regional rail network. In the course of the construction work, the square in front of the station was redesigned and a new station building was built.
The number of apartments in residential and non-residential buildings in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in 2018 was 153,614 (Berlin: 1,950,000). The proportion of rental apartments, in contrast to condominiums, in the total stock in the district was 95.7 percent in 2017 and thus above the Berlin average of 84.8% (Germany: 55%).
|Term of office||District Mayor||Political party|
|January 1, 2001 - January 31, 2002||Bärbel Grygier||PDS|
|February 1, 2002 - November 14, 2006||Cornelia Reinauer||PDS|
|November 15, 2006 - July 31, 2013||Franz Schulz||Green|
|since August 1, 2013||Monika Herrmann||Green|
The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district is represented on the state level in the council of mayors .
District councilors and departments
|District Councilor||Political party||Department|
|Monika Herrmann , District Mayor||Green||Family, staff, diversity , roads and green spaces office|
|Knut Mildner-Spindler, Deputy District Mayor||left||Work, citizen services, health and social issues|
|Clara Herrmann||Green||Finance, environment, culture and further education|
|Andy Hehmke||SPD||Economy, order, school and sport|
|Florian Schmidt||Green||Construction, planning and facility management|
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district was awarded on October 7, 2003 by the Berlin Senate .
Blazon: In a silver shield with a blue corrugated shield base, covered with four silver corrugated threads, a red tinned bridge, which is divided into three even arches by two pointed and kneaded towers, which are covered with battlements, intermediate roofs, ledges and black loopholes and pointed windows. The two outer arches are shown as half arches. A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .
Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms is derived from the coat of arms of the former Friedrichshain district, which was only designed in 1991. With the Oberbaumbrücke it shows the connecting symbol of the newly formed district on the former border of the previous districts. The blue wavy band refers to the Spree , over which the Oberbaumbrücke leads, and was also taken from the previous coat of arms, which in turn borrowed it from the blue tinging of the Stralau coat of arms . The crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .
The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district currently maintains ten city partnerships .
International San Rafael del Sur , Nicaragua - since January 1986 Kirjat Jam , Israel - since 1990 Szczecin , Poland - since June 1996 Kadıköy (district of Istanbul ), Turkey - since August 1996 Oborishte (district of Sofia ), Bulgaria - since May 1999 Derik , Rojava - since February 2019
- Andreas High School
- Ellen Key School
- Leibniz School
- Modersohn Primary School
- Robert Koch High School
- Steinbeis University Berlin
- CODE University of Applied Sciences
- University of Applied Sciences Europe
- DEKRA University for Media
Theaters and cinemas
- Hebbel am Ufer (Abbreviation: HAU , Theater)
- English Theater Berlin
- Tempodrom (venue)
- Friedrichshain open-air cinema
- List of cinemas in the Berlin district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
- Jewish Museum Berlin
- Berlinische Galerie
- German Museum of Technology Berlin
- Künstlerhaus Bethanien
- FHXB Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Museum
- Ramones Museum
Clubs and festivals
Travesty show in SO36
Place of diversity
The district in art
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is one of the most popular film locations in Germany and Europe. With 370 filming permits in 2018, the district was ahead of all others in Berlin. In addition, numerous personalities and so-called influencers live in the inner city district , who report on their lives in their place of residence via social media.
The Mercedes-Benz Arena is the home ground of the eight-time German basketball champion ALBA Berlin and the DEL ice hockey record champion Eisbären Berlin . The arena is also the scene of international sporting events from time to time. The German Masters is a professional snooker tournament that is one of the tournaments of the Snooker Main Tour and has been held in the Tempodrom since 2011.
A special feature of the district's sports landscape is the Blau Weiß Friedrichshain football field. It is the only FIFA- compliant playing area in the city that has been completely installed on the roof of a wholesale market.
- Official website of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district of Berlin
- Link catalog on Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Statistical Report - Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2016 (PDF; 3.1 MB). Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg . Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- November: Unemployment in Berlin at its lowest point . In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on January 31, 2020.
- Numbering according to the district key
- Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg - Creative and trendy . , accessed on January 17, 2020.
- The 9 Coolest Neighborhoods in Berlin , culturetrip.com, accessed on January 25, 2020.
- Kreuzhain ": a young district , BVBI, accessed on January 17, 2020.
- Xhain.net , Nachrichten aus Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, accessed on January 17, 2020.
- Berlin budget for the financial years 2008/2009. (PDF; 5.0 MB) Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district budget. Senate Department for Finance, p. 14 , archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on September 17, 2015 .
- Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2019, data from the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office , accessed on August 27, 2020 ( PDF file ) ( help on this ).
- Is Neukölln sinking in the dirt? , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 12, 2020.
- area with Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg . ( Memento of the original from March 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Berliner Abendblatt , February 28, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg - statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
- Berlin Economy in Figures - 2016 edition. Published by IHK Berlin , accessed on July 1, 2017.
- Style in Berlin - Berlin is a lunch city. In: Die Zeit , accessed June 17, 2017
- Lifestyle blog in Berlin iHeartBerlin is growing with the Berlin hype, Berliner Zeitung , accessed on June 17, 2017
- At Karl-Marx-Allee, beauty comes before safety , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 19, 2020.
- Map: Census of cyclists , VERKEHRSLENKUNG BERLIN, accessed on July 5, 2017.
- Anja Krüger: More bike paths thanks to the corona crisis: clear the way! In: The daily newspaper: taz . May 25, 2020, ISSN 0931-9085 ( taz.de [accessed on May 26, 2020]).
- Construction work on Ostkreuz finished In: Der Tagesspiegel from December 8, 2018, accessed on January 17, 2020.
- Number of apartments in residential and non-residential buildings in Berlin in 2018 broken down by district , Statista, accessed on January 21, 2020.
- IBB Housing Report 2018 (PDF page 5), Investitionsbank Berlin, accessed on January 21, 2018.
- Germany leads the way in terms of tenant rates , German Institute for Urban Studies, accessed on January 21, 2020.
- The State Returning Officer for Berlin , accessed on January 17, 2020.
- Council of Mayors , Berlin.de, accessed on January 22, 2020
- emblem of Berlin - district coat of arms , accessed on January 31, 2020.
- Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg decides to partner with Dêrik. Retrieved March 6, 2019 .
- Website of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Museum (FHXB-Museum) , accessed on June 8, 2017
- Living in Berlin Wagenburglers can continue to live cheaply In: Berliner Zeitung on July 9, 2012, accessed on January 17, 2020.
- This is the district in Berlin where the most filming takes place , rbb, accessed on January 17, 2020.
- How the German Masters in Snooker came to Berlin , Berliner Zeitung, accessed on January 30, 2020.
- Olympia - Skatehalle Berlin will be the 4th regional skateboard base in Germany , boardstation.de, accessed on January 30, 2020.
- Creative solutions in demand Spaces for sports in Berlin are scarce. In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on June 20, 2017.