Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district

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Coat of arms of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
Coat of arms of Berlin
2nd district of Berlin
Bezirk Mitte Bezirk Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Bezirk Pankow Bezirk Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Bezirk Spandau Bezirk Steglitz-Zehlendorf Bezirk Tempelhof-Schöneberg Bezirk Neukölln Bezirk Treptow-Köpenick Bezirk Marzahn-Hellersdorf Bezirk Lichtenberg Bezirk Reinickendorf BrandenburgDistricts of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district
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Coordinates 52 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  N , 13 ° 26 ′ 0 ″  E Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 0 ″  N , 13 ° 26 ′ 0 ″  E.
surface 20.34 km²
Residents 290,386 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 14,277 inhabitants / km²
Proportion of foreigners 25.6% (Dec. 31, 2016)
Unemployment rate 8.1% (Nov. 30, 2019)
Post Code 10178, 10179, 10243, 10245, 10247, 10249, 10317, 10961, 10963, 10965, 10967, 10969, 10997, 10999

Administration address
Frankfurter Allee 35/37
10247 Berlin
Average age 37.8 years (Dec 31, 2016)
District key 02
Structure of the district

2 districts

District Mayor Monika Herrmann ( Greens )
Deputy District Mayor Knut Mildner-Spindler ( left )
Allocation of seats ( district assembly )
20th 12 10 4th 3 2 2 2
Allocation of seats in the BVV

Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is the second administrative district of Berlin and had 290,386 inhabitants on December 31, 2019.

The smallest of Berlin's twelve districts has the highest population density and the lowest average age . It was created in 2001 with the Berlin administrative reform through the merger of the previously independent districts of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg .

Two of Berlin's top-selling companies, the media company Axel Springer SE and the fashion and cosmetics retailer Zalando , have their headquarters in the district.

The centrally located Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is considered creative and is internationally known for a diverse nightlife and cultural life.



The geometric center of Berlin is located near Alexandrinenstrasse 12 in the Kreuzberg district . ( Location ) The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district borders on the Mitte and Pankow districts in the north, the Lichtenberg district in the east, and the Treptow-Köpenick and Neukölln districts in the south . In the west and south-west it borders on the Tempelhof-Schöneberg district .


Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is one of two districts (next to the Mitte district ) that consist of parts of the former East and West Berlin. The two districts of today's district, Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, are separated from each other by the Spree . The Oberbaumbrücke connects both old districts and has thus become the landmark of the new administrative district, which is expressed in the district coat of arms .

Both districts are among the trendy districts of Berlin and are experiencing a structural change in the form of gentrification (socio-economic district upgrading) due to the high demand for living space . Since Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain have been seen as a unit since the merger, abbreviations such as "Kreuzhain", "Xhain" or "FR-KR" have become established.

One oddity is that the river island Great Wall in the district hook field of Spandau is under the administration of the district office of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.

A number of historical district names in the area of ​​the district, such as Luisenstadt and Tempelhofer Vorstadt , live on in the names of the land registers .

and locations
December 31, 2019
per square kilometer
0201 Friedrichshain 9.78 136.035 13,910
Kreuzberg Freidrichshain BerlinBerlin Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Friedrichshain.svg
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0202 Kreuzberg 10.40 154.351 14,841
Kreuzberg Freidrichshain BerlinBerlin Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Kreuzberg.svg
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Spray art in Kreuzberg

Quarters and squares


With around 12,600 reports to the public order office in 2017, the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district is one of the Berlin districts most polluted by garbage in public spaces. Public pollution is caused by private bulky waste deposits, unremoved bicycle wrecks, litter of all kinds, discarded bottles and cigarette scraps.


Part of the Berlin Wall (1961–1989), today the East Side Gallery


In the course of the founding of Greater Berlin , the Friedrichshain district was formed in 1920. It comprised most of the Stralau suburb, a small part of the royal city and Stralau. The name Friedrichshain was new as a city area name and was derived from the Volkspark on the edge of what was then the district.

The Kreuzberg district was formed in 1920 from the Tempelhofer Vorstadt, the Upper Friedrichsvorstadt , the southern Friedrichstadt and a large part of the Luisenstadt . The former district and today's district was named after Kreuzberg, located in the southwest in today's Viktoriapark .

Since 2001

On January 1, 2001, the previously independent Berlin districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain were combined to form the new Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district. In 2014 it was decided to swap space with the neighboring Tempelhof-Schöneberg district .


Population pyramid of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district 2010
Population development in the
Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district from 2001 to 2012 (as of before the 2011 census )
year Residents

As of December 31, 2019, the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district had 290,386 inhabitants on an area of ​​20.2 square kilometers. On the same date, the population density was 14,277 inhabitants per square kilometer. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg was one of the most densely populated places in Germany and Europe.

Structurally, the two districts differ, especially with regard to their population composition . In 2002 the proportion of foreigners according to the Berlin State Statistical Office was 32.8% in Kreuzberg and 8.7% in Friedrichshain. On December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners in the entire district was 25.6%. On the reporting date, the proportion of the population with a migration background was 41.0%.

The age composition of the population differs significantly. In Kreuzberg, the proportion of 35 to 60-year-olds is higher, and the proportion of younger people is accordingly lower than in Friedrichshain. Mainly young adults live in the district. The average age of the population on December 31, 2016 was 37.8 years, the lowest of all Berlin districts, making Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg the district with the youngest inhabitants (comparison: the Steglitz-Zehlendorf district has the oldest population at 46.2 years) .

Within Germany, the district is one of the areas with the youngest residents on average.


Headquarters of the fashion and cosmetics retailer Zalando



Trade and craft

Many businesses in the district are owned by Berliners of Turkish origin

In 2014, 4276 business registrations and 2736 business cancellations were recorded in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The unemployment rate in the district was 8.9% on June 30, 2018.

The Berlin Chamber of Crafts , a business association for craft businesses, is based in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. In 2015, of the 30,015 craft firms represented in Berlin, a total of 1,894 were registered in the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district.


Axel Springer SE headquarters


Cyclist in Kreuzberg
E-Scooter in Berlin.jpg
Electric scooter rentable via the internet
U-Bahn Berlin Landwehrkanal.JPG
The U-web of the line U1 to the Landwehrkanal

Road traffic

The Karl-Marx-Allee at the Frankfurter Tor

The federal highways B 1 , B 5 , B 96 and B 96a run through Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg. The Karl-Marx-Allee in Friedrichshain is one with a width of about 60 meters to the breitesten Berlin's city streets.

Bicycle traffic

The Oberbaumbrücke, which connects the two districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain, is one of the most frequented passages in Berlin by cyclists. The planned Y-route rapid cycle connection is to run through the district.

Under the direction of the head of the Green Space Office Felix Weisbrich, the district set up a large number of additional bike paths at short notice during the Corona crisis .


The S-Bahn lines S1, S2, S3, S5, S7, S8, S9, S25, S26, S41, S42, S75 and S85 as well as the underground lines U1 , U2 , U3 , U5 , U6 , U7 and U8 run through the district.

The Ostkreuz station in Friedrichshain is one of the largest transfer stations in Berlin with over 120,000 train users every day. The station was rebuilt by 2018 and connected to the regional rail network. In the course of the construction work, the square in front of the station was redesigned and a new station building was built.

The Ostbahnhof is a long-distance and local train station in the district and is the third largest train station in Berlin after the main train station and the Südkreuz train station.


The number of apartments in residential and non-residential buildings in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in 2018 was 153,614 (Berlin: 1,950,000). The proportion of rental apartments, in contrast to condominiums, in the total stock in the district was 95.7 percent in 2017 and thus above the Berlin average of 84.8% (Germany: 55%).


Election to the district assembly in 2016
(final result) , turnout: 62.2%
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p

District Mayor

Term of office District Mayor Political party
0January 1, 2001 - January 31, 2002 Bärbel Grygier PDS
0February 1, 2002 - November 14, 2006 Cornelia Reinauer PDS
November 15, 2006 - July 31, 2013 Franz Schulz Green
since August 1, 2013 Monika Herrmann Green

The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district is represented on the state level in the council of mayors .

District councilors and departments

District Councilor Political party Department
Monika Herrmann , District Mayor Green Family, staff, diversity , roads and green spaces office
Knut Mildner-Spindler, Deputy District Mayor left Work, citizen services, health and social issues
Clara Herrmann Green Finance, environment, culture and further education
Andy Hehmke SPD Economy, order, school and sport
Florian Schmidt Green Construction, planning and facility management

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district was awarded on October 7, 2003 by the Berlin Senate .

Coat of arms of borough Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg.svg

Blazon: In a silver shield with a blue corrugated shield base, covered with four silver corrugated threads, a red tinned bridge, which is divided into three even arches by two pointed and kneaded towers, which are covered with battlements, intermediate roofs, ledges and black loopholes and pointed windows. The two outer arches are shown as half arches. A red three-tower wall crown rests on the shield , the central tower of which is covered with the Berlin coat of arms .

Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms is derived from the coat of arms of the former Friedrichshain district, which was only designed in 1991. With the Oberbaumbrücke it shows the connecting symbol of the newly formed district on the former border of the previous districts. The blue wavy band refers to the Spree , over which the Oberbaumbrücke leads, and was also taken from the previous coat of arms, which in turn borrowed it from the blue tinging of the Stralau coat of arms . The crown of the wall is the connecting element of all Berlin districts .

Town twinning

The Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district currently maintains ten city ​​partnerships .

International San Rafael del Sur , Nicaragua - since January 1986 Kirjat Jam , Israel - since 1990 Szczecin , Poland - since June 1996 Kadıköy (district of Istanbul ), Turkey - since August 1996 Oborishte (district of Sofia ), Bulgaria - since May 1999 Derik , Rojava - since February 2019



Directorate 5 of the Berlin police is responsible for the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Neukölln districts.


District Central Library Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Pablo Neruda


CODE University of Applied Sciences




Theaters and cinemas


Clubs and festivals

(Status: 2020)

Place of diversity

In 2008 the district received the title Place of Diversity awarded by the federal government . The Wagendorf Hänger & Laster is located on Revaler Straße , as a model for alternative ways of life.

The district in art

Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg is one of the most popular film locations in Germany and Europe. With 370 filming permits in 2018, the district was ahead of all others in Berlin. In addition, numerous personalities and so-called influencers live in the inner city district , who report on their lives in their place of residence via social media.


The SC Kreuzberg presented the German chess champions several times . Several grandmasters are members of the club. The Berlin Bombshells became German champions in the roller derby in 2013 .

The Mercedes-Benz Arena is the home ground of the eight-time German basketball champion ALBA Berlin and the DEL ice hockey record champion Eisbären Berlin . The arena is also the scene of international sporting events from time to time. The German Masters is a professional snooker tournament that is one of the tournaments of the Snooker Main Tour and has been held in the Tempodrom since 2011.

The Skate Hall Berlin has a covered area of ​​over 6000 m² and is one of the largest halls for skateboarding in Europe. The location has been one of four DRIV regional bases since 2018 .

A special feature of the district's sports landscape is the Blau Weiß Friedrichshain football field. It is the only FIFA- compliant playing area in the city that has been completely installed on the roof of a wholesale market.

See also

Web links

Commons : Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Statistical Report - Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2016 (PDF; 3.1 MB). Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg . Retrieved June 25, 2016.
  2. November: Unemployment in Berlin at its lowest point . In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on January 31, 2020.
  3. Numbering according to the district key
  4. ^ Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg - Creative and trendy . , accessed on January 17, 2020.
  5. The 9 Coolest Neighborhoods in Berlin ,, accessed on January 25, 2020.
  6. Kreuzhain ": a young district , BVBI, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  7. , Nachrichten aus Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  8. Berlin budget for the financial years 2008/2009. (PDF; 5.0 MB) Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district budget. Senate Department for Finance, p. 14 , archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on September 17, 2015 .
  9. a b Residents in the State of Berlin on December 31, 2019, data from the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office , accessed on August 27, 2020 ( PDF file ) ( help on this ).
  10. Is Neukölln sinking in the dirt? , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 12, 2020.
  11. Jump up area with Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg . ( Memento of the original from March 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Berliner Abendblatt , February 28, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  12. ^ Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg - Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
  13. Berlin Economy in Figures - 2016 edition. Published by IHK Berlin , accessed on July 1, 2017.
  14. Style in Berlin - Berlin is a lunch city. In: Die Zeit , accessed June 17, 2017
  15. Lifestyle blog in Berlin iHeartBerlin is growing with the Berlin hype, Berliner Zeitung , accessed on June 17, 2017
  16. At Karl-Marx-Allee, beauty comes before safety , Berliner Morgenpost, accessed on January 19, 2020.
  17. ^ Map: Census of cyclists , VERKEHRSLENKUNG BERLIN, accessed on July 5, 2017.
  18. Anja Krüger: More bike paths thanks to the corona crisis: clear the way! In: The daily newspaper: taz . May 25, 2020, ISSN  0931-9085 ( [accessed on May 26, 2020]).
  19. Construction work on Ostkreuz finished In: Der Tagesspiegel from December 8, 2018, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  20. Number of apartments in residential and non-residential buildings in Berlin in 2018 broken down by district , Statista, accessed on January 21, 2020.
  21. IBB Housing Market Report 2018 (PDF page 5), Investitionsbank Berlin, accessed on January 21, 2018.
  22. Germany leads the way in terms of tenant rates , German Institute for Urban Studies, accessed on January 21, 2020.
  23. a b The State Returning Officer for Berlin , accessed on January 17, 2020.
  24. Council of Mayors ,, accessed on January 22, 2020
  25. ^ National emblem of Berlin - district coat of arms , accessed on January 31, 2020.
  26. ^ Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg decides to partner with Dêrik. Retrieved March 6, 2019 .
  27. ^ Website of the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Museum (FHXB-Museum) , accessed on June 8, 2017
  28. Living in Berlin Wagenburglers can continue to live cheaply In: Berliner Zeitung on July 9, 2012, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  29. This is the district in Berlin where the most filming takes place , rbb, accessed on January 17, 2020.
  30. How the German Masters in Snooker came to Berlin , Berliner Zeitung, accessed on January 30, 2020.
  31. Olympia - Skatehalle Berlin will be the 4th regional skateboard base in Germany ,, accessed on January 30, 2020.
  32. Creative solutions in demand Spaces for sports in Berlin are scarce. In: Berliner Zeitung , accessed on June 20, 2017.