Südstern (Berlin)

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South star
Coat of arms of Berlin.svg
Place in Berlin
South star
Aerial view of the south star and the church at the south star
Basic data
place Berlin
District Kreuzberg
Created 19th century
Confluent streets
Gneisenaustraße ,
Blücherstraße ,
Fontanepromenade ,
Körtestraße ,
Hasenheide ,
Lilienthalstraße ,
Buildings Church on the south star
User groups Road traffic
Technical specifications
Square area 37,500 m²

The Southern Star is a scale in the 19th century town square , which the district Kreuzberg in Berlin Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg belongs.

History and description

The square has been called Südstern since July 31, 1947. From 1893 to 1938 it was called Kaiser-Friedrich-Platz , then Gardepionierplatz .

The north-western foothills of Volkspark Hasenheide reach the square, whose narrow center is encompassed like an island by one of the main arteries between Neukölln and Kreuzberg - which runs to the east as Hasenheide and to the west as Gneisenaustrasse . The Gneisenaustrasse is the last section of the "Berliner Generalszug ", which ends with the Südstern. The underground line U7 runs under the two streets, which connects the districts of Spandau and Rudow and makes a stop at the Südstern underground station.

The square bears its name after the star-shaped distribution of seven outgoing streets, which at the time were located in the southern Berlin border area. In addition to the main traffic arteries mentioned, these are today's streets Lilienthalstraße, Bergmannstraße , Blücherstraße , Fontanepromenade and Körtestraße .

The central part of the square surrounded by the street is dominated by the monumental neo-Gothic Protestant church on the south star . The church was built according to designs by the garrison building inspector Ernst August Roßteuscher , the foundation stone of which was laid on April 18, 1894 and which was ceremonially opened on May 8, 1897 in the presence of Empress Auguste Viktoria and Kaiser Wilhelm II . In its early years, the church served as a garrison church for the troops stationed outside the city gates.

To the west of the Volkspark and Lilienthalstrasse, parallel to Bergmannstrasse, there is an extensive cemetery area with many historical graves and Berlin graves of honor . The church yards include, for example, the churchyard Luisenstadt , the Werdersche Kirchhof and the Kirchhof Jerusalem . The Apostolic Nunciature in Berlin , the diplomatic representation of the Vatican in the Federal Republic of Germany, is also located on Lilienthalstrasse, not far from the Südstern, next to the St. John's Basilica .

Numerous artists live at the Südstern, so u. a. the writer and journalist Anja Tuckermann and the writer Paul Alfred Kleinert .

See also

Web links

Commons : Südstern (Berlin-Kreuzberg)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 52 ° 29 ′ 21.1 ″  N , 13 ° 24 ′ 23.6 ″  E