General train

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The general procession in the Berlin districts of Charlottenburg , Schöneberg and Kreuzberg is a spacious series of streets and squares, the name of which is reminiscent of the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon I of 1813–1815 . With the exception of the bypassing of the later Gleisdreieck area , it is based on older plans by Peter Joseph Lenné (from 1841 to 1855) and the Hobrecht Plan of 1862. The names were decreed by cabinet order of July 9, 1864 in commemoration of the 50th anniversary. The street was expanded until around 1880.

Course of the road

Map of Berlin Generalszugs:
The Breitscheidplatz at the left end and the Südstern at the right end
The Wittenbergplatz to the east, named after the Battle of Wittenberg

The continuous general train consists of the following streets and squares:

  • The Yorckstraße (until 1909 York Road without a "c" written) was by General Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg named. It now already begins on Bülowstrasse at the beginning of the Yorckbrücken and at the corner of Großbeerenstrasse at an acute angle coming from the south onto Hornstrasse and swings onto the original straight axis.
  • Two more large decorative spaces were planned under the later railway site, the Blücherplatz and the Wahlstattplatz (Blücher became Prince of Wahlstatt ), connected by an (original) Blücherstraße. But this did not get beyond Sandwege, because the railway companies pushed for a change of plans. On September 2, 2011, the Park am Gleisdreieck was opened on the former railway site . Its central west-east route is called the Generalszug and indicates the originally planned connection from Schöneberg to Hornstrasse.
  • Hornstrasse , which is located east of the railway site again on the original straight, was named after General Heinrich Wilhelm von Horn in 1873 . The intersection of Hornstrasse (originally a section of Yorckstrasse) and Möckernstrasse was called Wartenburgplatz from 1864 to 1875 (after the battle at Wartenburg by General Yorck, since then Count von Wartenburg ), but was no longer developed. Instead, Wartenburgstrasse was laid out in the immediate vicinity .
  • The Gneisenaustrasse , named after August Neidhardt von Gneisenau , is the last section of the general train.
  • On the south star , where the general procession ends with Gneisenaustrasse, the representative new Evangelical Garrison Church was finally built, which optically closes off the line of sight. The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church was also built at the other end of the boulevard .

In the two decades leading up to completion, the newly created cross streets were given appropriate names, while the development of the Feldmark continued.

Kulmer Strasse, named after the Battle of Kulm

More general names in the area

In addition to the generals and battlefields in the general procession, which are reminiscent of the Wars of Liberation from 1813 to 1815, further streets and squares in the immediate vicinity were named after generals from earlier or later times and other people involved. These include the following names:


Seven Years War

Napoleonic Wars

The Lützowufer was created by the expansion of the Landwehr Canal to Charlottenburg in 1848.
When naming the Lützowstrasse, however, the general was certainly in the foreground, also in view of the fact that the confluent Körnerstrasse was named in 1865. Obviously, when assigning the names to streets, the already existing Lützowufer was used.

Bismarck period 1864–1871

During the Nazi era, the following were added:

Today's street names

The general train in the road network

With a few exceptions, all street names mentioned have been preserved.

See also

Web links


  1. On the Südstern the general procession continues through the street Hasenheide . The gymnasium on which Friedrich Ludwig Jahn and K. F. Friesen trained to fight the French was located in the adjacent Hasenheide . In this area, streets were named after men who opposed the French occupation not militarily but journalistically: Ernst Moritz Arndt , Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Friedrich Schleiermacher . This merges seamlessly into the so-called “professors' quarter” (after the university that was founded at that time ).
  2. The lexicon of all Berlin streets and squares 1998 as well as the 2008 internet update indicate this. According to the Berlin address book 1910

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Houses and streets of Berlin . In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1910, III, p. 523 ff. “W Lützowbrücke, W.62 Lützowplatz, W.35 Lützowstraße: Originally Lietzower Wegstraße after the place Lietzow near Charlottenburg, received today's name on May 4, 1867; W Lützowufer ”(It is obvious that Lützowufer and Lützowplatz refer to Lützowstrasse.).
  2. The urban area of ​​the Lützowviertel belonged to the city of Charlottenburg until 1850. Lützowstrasse was named in 1867, Lützowplatz in 1868, and Lützowufer in 1849. In addition: Streets in the Tiergarten district at
  3. Map of Berlin 1: 5000: The street between Breitscheidplatz and Südstern
  4. ^ Plan of Berlin. ( Memento of the original from November 9, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Map sequence with the general train: Straubeplan Ⅲ I / Ⅲ H / Ⅲ G / Ⅲ L / Ⅲ M from 1910 and (K4-) plans 4241/4145/4138/4137/4136 from years 1934 to 1991, locally between sheet 4241 Breitscheidplatz X = 20310, Y = 19790 and sheet 4136 Südstern X = 25190, Y = 18015  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /