Pariser Platz

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Pariser Platz
Coat of arms of Berlin.svg
Place in Berlin
Pariser Platz
Pariser Platz with the Brandenburg Gate
Basic data
place Berlin
District center
Created 1734
Confluent streets Under the linden trees
Buildings see → here
User groups Pedestrians , cyclists , road traffic , public transport
Technical specifications
Square area around 1.5  hectares

The Pariser Platz is a scale in the urban expansion in 1734 place at the end of the boulevard Unter den Linden in Berlin district center of the district of the same . In World War II destroyed, it was 1961-1989 in the border area of the divided city and was later rebuilt. The Brandenburg Gate by Carl Gotthard Langhans is located on the western edge of the square . It is known as the “good room in Berlin”.


Napoleon's entry into Berlin on October 27, 1806 , painting by Charles Meynier , 1810

The Pariser Platz was laid out between 1732 and 1734 during the second Baroque expansion of the city (including the adjacent Friedrichstadt ) under Friedrich Wilhelm I by Philipp Gerlach . At first it was only built on with aristocratic palaces , noble townhouses of the nobility. The original name of the square was - according to its shape - square or - after the French  - quarree . Together with the Achteck or Octogon squares (since 1814 Leipziger Platz ) and the circular Rondell (since 1946/47 Mehringplatz ), he specified the new south-western city limits.

In 1814 it received its name on the occasion of the conquest of Paris by Prussian troops in the Wars of Liberation . From around 1850 the development of the square was standardized in the classical style. In 1880, the gardening director Hermann Mächtig redesigned the square, with two rectangular ornamental beds being created on the sides of the square. In the middle of each was a round fountain basin with a fountain emerging from a bronze acanthus leaf crown . In 1926 Oskar Kokoschka painted the square.

Pariser Platz suffered severe damage in World War II , especially in 1945 ( Battle of Berlin ). The GDR had the remaining buildings completely demolished until the Berlin Wall was built, only the rear part of Palais Arnim was preserved. After the fall of the Berlin Wall , the rebuilding of the square was controversial from 1993 . As a result, the square was rebuilt according to the design specifications of Bruno Flierl and Hans Stimmann , supplemented by requirements of the Berlin Senate . The key points were the Berlin eaves height of 22 meters as well as the requirement to use only standing windows for the new buildings and to design a maximum of 50 percent of the facade surface in glass: historical elements and modern construction should result in a unity in order to remember the “golden times” of the square to tie in.

Garden archaeological excavations from 1990 onwards led to the redesign of the square according to the historical model according to plans by the state garden monument keeper Klaus von Krosigk including the fountains and granite paving. From 1998 to 2002 federal highways 2 and  5 ran over Pariser Platz. Since the redesign of the square in 2002 to a pedestrian area with a restricted driving ban (exceptions: bicycles, taxis and residents), the route has now been routed south via Glinkastraße, Behrenstraße and Ebertstraße and north via Dorotheenstraße around Pariser Platz. In addition, it forms the counterpart to the Place of March 18th on the other side of the Brandenburg Gate. The Strasse des 17. Juni , which crosses the Tiergarten , ends there .


The following buildings were or are directly at the square (counterclockwise):


In the vicinity are:

Famous residents

Panorama of Pariser Platz

See also


Web links

Commons : Pariser Platz  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Dirk Westphal: Architecture: Berlin's parlor is complete again . January 12, 2008 ( [accessed March 29, 2019]).
  2. on behalf of Paul Cassirer , cf. Jens Dirksen: Kokoschka and the difficult field of Nazi looted art. In: , May 4, 2015.
  3. Two historical fountains on Pariser Platz on the Berlin Senate website
  4. ^ Hugo Oppenheim & Sohn, private bank, registered 1912, liq .: 1935, Pariser Platz 1 (center), Jewish commercial enterprises in Berlin 1930–1945, accessed on July 25, 2016
  5. New construction of the historic summer house . In: arch INFORM ; Retrieved December 1, 2009.
  6. Karin Franzke: "Spiegel" opens its new capital city office. In: Hamburger Abendblatt , May 10, 2006.

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 59 ″  N , 13 ° 22 ′ 44 ″  E