|Bundesstrasse 5 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
|Overall length:||555 km|
|Bundesstrasse 5 in Berlin ( section Alt-Friedrichsfelde )|
The federal road 5 begins in North Friesland at the border crossing Böglum / Sæd near Süderlügum , where it connects to the Danish Primærrute 11 from Tønder ( German : Tondern ). It initially runs through Schleswig-Holstein in the hinterland of the west coast. From Itzehoe to Hamburg-Eidelstedt it was replaced by the federal highway 23 , on a very short section the A 7 also takes over its former function. In Hamburg , it first leads from Eidelstedt together with Bundesstraße 4 on Kieler Straße through the Eimsbüttel district , and then - unlike the B 4 - via Fruchtallee onto Ring 2 , one of the three road half- rings in Hamburg's urban area, on which it leads a bit to Eppendorf . It then heads east over the Alster river and then runs south through the densely populated districts of Winterhude , Barmbek-Süd , Uhlenhorst , Eilbek to Hamm , where it bends east at the foot of the northern Geest slope of the Elbe glacial valley . From the level of the freight bypass it is developed as a southern bypass of Billstedt for about five kilometers as a motorway similar to a motorway (with a motorway junction to the A 1 ), further on to Bergedorf it is expanded to four lanes. In Bergedorf the B 207 branches off, the B 5 runs southeast and then reaches Schleswig-Holstein again. There it leads through Geesthacht and reaches Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania east of Lauenburg . On a bypass road newly built after German reunification, the federal road touches Boizenburg and then reaches the state of Brandenburg via Ludwigslust and Grabow .
The further course of this federal highway leads through Brandenburg and Berlin . On the section from Wilhelmstrasse in Berlin's Spandau district to Alexanderplatz in the Mitte district , Bundesstrasse 2 and 5 use the same route via Heerstrasse , Kaiserdamm , Bismarckstrasse and Strasse des 17. Juni to Platz des 18. März in front of the west side of the Brandenburg Gate , the originally crossed both federal highways. After the redesign of Pariser Platz , the route of the B 5 will be led south around the Brandenburg Gate via Ebert , Behren and Glinkastrasse . The B 2 runs north around the gate via Ebertstrasse, Dorotheenstrasse and Wilhelmstrasse . Both federal highways lead over the boulevard Unter den Linden to the Liebknechtbrücke over the Spree Canal . Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse , which leads to Alexanderplatz, begins behind Schloßplatz and the Schloßbrücke .
At the northern corner of Alexanderplatz, B 2 and B 5 turn right into Alexanderstraße . From the junction with Otto-Braun-Straße , the B 5 runs together with the Bundesstraße 1 coming from Molkenmarkt , while the B 2 bends to the northeast. B 1 and B 5 lead together in a straight line to the east over Karl-Marx-Allee , Strausberger Platz , Frankfurter Allee , Alt-Friedrichsfelde out of town to Müncheberg . There the federal highway 5 branches off and ends at the border crossing Frankfurt (Oder) / Stadtbrücke .
The line between Berlin and Frankfurt (Oder) was completed in 1803, the other line between Frankfurt (Oder) and Breslau was built between 1817 and 1819. Road construction between Breslau and Gleiwitz was completed in 1824. The section between Berlin and Hamburg was built between 1827 and 1830 and was the first art road in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin . The sections northwest of Hamburg were not expanded until the 1850s. Road construction from Itzehoe to Bredstedt was completed in 1858, but these roads primarily served as feeders to the Husum , Itzehoe and Tönning railway stations .
1930 to 1948
In the early 1930s, the long-distance traffic, from 1934 Reichsstraße 5, ran north past Berlin, from Bückwitz via Eberswalde and Müncheberg (Mark) to Frankfurt (Oder). Reichsstraße 103 formed the connection from Berlin northwest to Bückwitz . In the mid-1930s, the route between Eberswalde and Frankfurt (Oder) was changed and placed over Seelow and Lebus . The section between Müncheberg and Frankfurt (Oder), which was omitted from the R 5, became part of a new Reichsstrasse 167 . (The section from Eberswalde to Müncheberg, which had been removed from the trunk road network, was upgraded again six decades later as part of Bundesstraße 168. ) In 1940/41, when there was a major change, the routes of the R 5, R 103 and R 167 were exchanged, so that Reichsstraße 5 was now led through Berlin; from Frankfurt (Oder) to Müncheberg back on the original route, from Müncheberg to Berlin-Mitte parallel with Reichsstraße 1 and from there to the west of Berlin-Spandau parallel with Reichsstraße 2 . The eastern and northern sections around Berlin were now called Reichsstrasse 167.
1949 to 1999
Bundesstraße 5 was of particular importance in the period between 1949 and December 21, 1987, when it took over the function of one of the few transit routes through the GDR between West Berlin and the then Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). While further south only motorways were used as transit routes, Bundesstraße 5, which was called Fernverkehrsstraße 5 (F 5 for short) in the GDR region , was the only transit country road and could therefore also be used by bicycle. The border crossings were Heerstrasse in Berlin-Staaken and Lauenburg / Horst at the western end . The only transit rest stop with an Intershop branch on this route was in Quitzow . Since the road also ran through towns and communities and, from the GDR's point of view, there was always the risk of contact between GDR citizens and transit travelers, efforts were made at the end of the 1970s to route traffic via a motorway. Because this ultimately meant a shortening of the travel time and therefore there was also an interest from the point of view of the Federal Republic of Germany at the time, negotiations were started. From 1982 individual sections of the Hamburg – Berlin autobahn were put into operation and the transit traffic was gradually shifted.
In Schleswig-Holstein, the federal highway 5 also had a special feature: the B 5 crosses the Kiel Canal near Brunsbüttel . The B 5 ran through the city center of Brunsbüttel until the high bridge was built ; the canal was passed by means of the free ferries that still exist in front of the locks in Brunsbüttel. Since these were often overloaded, local people used the smaller ferry facility in Ostermoor .
Since the 1930s, bypass roads have been built in many places (e.g. the Elmshorn bypass, the Störbrücke near Itzehoe, today's Autobahn 23 between the Hamburg-Stellingen and Pinneberg-Nord junctions and the Husum bypass at the beginning of the 1990s) to prevent traffic to be able to keep away from the cities.
In Brandenburg, east of Berlin, the Müncheberg bypass was completed at the end of the 1990s.
In Schleswig-Holstein the traffic density increased after the Federal Motorway 23 between Hamburg and Itzehoe, later Heide (Holstein), went into operation. Since then, many road users have been choosing this route on the west coast instead of the federal motorway 7 to travel to the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein or Jutland.
2000 to 2015
For the federal highway 5, which is the continuation of the federal highway 23 from Heide, further expansion projects were considered, partly planned and implemented. The elevation-free expansion of the previous "Büttel" danger zone (merging of the B 202 and B 5 near Friedrichstadt) was completed in 2013. The replacement of the Störbrücke Itzehoe was completed in 2010, the old bridge was demolished and the second new bridge was built until autumn 2015, since then this section has been part of the A 23.
On June 11, 2016, the A-23 gap closure at Itzehoe was completed and opened to traffic after the last approximately two-kilometer section of the Heide route near Breitenburg-Nordoe was completed. The Störbrücke is now part of the A 23.
The current plans (status: 2015) provide for a “1 + 2 traffic routing ” for the section between Husum and Tönning and between Itzehoe and Wilster and the relocation between Hattstedt and Bredstedt on a new route. The further expansion from Heiligenstedten in the section between Itzehoe and Wilster began on July 8, 2016. The section between the Heiligenstedten junction (near Julianka ) and the Bekdorf junction was completely closed for several months in spring and summer 2018 to widen the lane .
In Brandenburg, east of Berlin, the last construction section of the Herzfelde bypass was opened to traffic on June 30, 2016. After the approval of the section of the A 14 from Grabow to Groß Warnow in December 2017, the parallel route of the B 5 was downgraded to the L 072 (in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) or the L 132 (in Brandenburg).
In Schleswig-Holstein the road runs almost parallel to the North Sea coast and is called the Green Coastal Road . The cities of Husum , Tönning , Friedrichstadt , Heide and Brunsbüttel are among the places worth seeing, through which the federal road 5 leads or led to the re-routing (Friedrichstadt). The Brunsbüttel canal bridge on the B 5 provides a view of the mouth of the Kiel Canal into the Lower Elbe with the locks located there and over large parts of Dithmarschen , Brunsbüttel and the Kiel Canal.
The Geesthacht pumped storage power plant is located right next to the road between Geesthacht and the Krümmel district . In Lauenburg , the street not only crosses the Elbe-Lübeck Canal , but also its predecessor, the Stecknitz Canal . Immediately behind the canal bridge is the historic palm lock a few meters south of the street .
In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, where the B 5 is an avenue over large parts of the stretch from the state border with Schleswig-Holstein to Ludwigslust , the Redefin State Stud is not far from the road , a classicism- style facility built in 1812 , where the annual stallion parades and Indoor tournaments are held. In Ludwigslust, the paved road cuts through the axis between the baroque palace , which was the residence of the Mecklenburg dukes from 1763 to 1837 , and the former court and today's city church. A memorial for the victims of the Wöbbelin concentration camp can be seen in the aisle towards the castle , 200 of those who had previously been buried in mass graves were buried here after the end of the war.
Milestones and half-milestones have been preserved in Mecklenburg from the time the road was built. On the whole milestones there are cast iron boards with information on distances to Berlin, Hamburg and Ludwigslust. The main milestone in Ludwigslust is the highest and oldest milestone in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
In Brandenburg, the B 5 runs through the city Wusterhausen / Dosse , which in the 2011 pathways Museum was opened, which deals with the history of the highway, as well as through the village Ribbeck (known by the poem by Theodor Fontane ). The Ribbecks estate is still preserved today.
- SHELL road map No. 8 - Brandenburg - Mecklenburg . SHELL Travel Service, Braunschweig 1934 ( online at landkartenarchiv.de [accessed December 9, 2011] street map). Online at landkartenarchiv.de ( Memento from May 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- SHELL road map No. 9 - Grenzmark - Pomerania . SHELL Travel Service, Braunschweig 1934 ( online at landkartenarchiv.de [accessed December 9, 2011] street map). Online at landkartenarchiv.de ( Memento from May 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- The German Automobile Club eV (Ed.): DDAC road status map of Germany . 1938 ( online at landkartenarchiv.de [accessed December 9, 2011] street map). Online at landkartenarchiv.de ( Memento from October 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Printed matter 14 / 5064. In: Road construction report 2000. German Bundestag, May 1, 2001, p. 84 , accessed on December 23, 2017 .
- A 23 - Expansion of the B 5. (No longer available online.) In: www.schleswig-holstein.de. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016 ; accessed on November 1, 2016 .
- Bridge Festival A 23, 2nd Stör Bridge open to traffic on Saturday, October 24th, 2015. (No longer available online.) In: www.schleswig-holstein.de. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016 ; accessed on January 31, 2016 .
- Facts & Figures. In: www.schleswig-holstein.de. Retrieved January 31, 2016 .
- A 23 - Expansion of the B 5. (No longer available online.) Ministry of Science, Economy and Transport of the State of Schleswig-Holstein, archived from the original on October 19, 2016 ; accessed on July 4, 2016 (project page).
- Building rights for the extension of the B 5 between Itzehoe and Wilster. In: www.schleswig-holstein.de. Retrieved January 31, 2016 .
- B 5, three-lane expansion between Itzehoe and Wilster. (No longer available online.) In: www.schleswig-holstein.de. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018 ; accessed on March 11, 2018 .
- Road construction: Free travel on the B 5. In: shz.de. July 28, 2018, accessed on April 7, 2019 (blocking lifted on July 27, 2018).
- Approval bypass B 1 Herzfelde. Retrieved December 23, 2017 .
- The Ludwigsluster main milestone - a notable monument , grabow-erinnerungen.de