district of Hamburg
|Residents||40,327 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||3102 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||2 ....|
|Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein|
Lohbrügge ( Low German : Lobrüg ) is a district in the south-east of Hamburg , which borders on Bergedorf to the west and belongs to the Bergedorf district. The district has a more suburban character, but the construction of some large estates in the 1960s gradually contributed to the emergence of social hot spots.
The name Lohbrügge denotes a forest or clearing with the prefix Loh and a bridge with the suffix brugge . Accordingly, it is due to a river crossing. The area of today's Lohbrügge was first mentioned in a document on November 1st, 1257. Count Johannes and Gerhard von Holstein, Stormarn and Lauenburg sold the Asbrook to twelve surrounding villages with the certificate for "70 Mark Hamburgische Pfennigs" , including Lohbrügge and also Glinde, Schönningstedt, Boberg, Steinbek, Oststeinbek and Hope (predecessor village of Sande) belonged. Lohbrügge was a farming village consisting of a few farms in an extensive meadow and arable landscape, probably located where today Binnenfeldredder and Leuschnerstrasse meet ().
The village of Lohbrügge was given to the Reinbek monastery in 1303 . With the secularization of the monastery (1528), Lohbrügge and Hope, now called Sande, fell to the Reinbek office in 1544, which belonged to the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf . In the Steinbeker church book of 1580 there are references to the place Sande, a route from today's Alte Holstenstraße west over the Geest .
Around 1700 Sande and Lohbrügge had a combined population of around 250. In 1750 Lohbrügge, to which the smaller settlements Sande and Ladenbek belonged, was pledged to Hamburg until 1768; In 1773 the whole region became Danish. In 1846 the Hamburg-Berlin Railway was opened with a station in the southern Bergedorf . Hope itself probably went under due to sand drifts, the name Höperfeld is reminiscent of the former village. Around 1850 Lohbrügge had 600 inhabitants and by 1890 - mainly due to industrialization - already almost 3500.
When Schleswig-Holstein was annexed to Prussia, Lohbrügge became part of the newly formed Stormarn district . In the following years the volunteer fire brigade Lohbrügge, 1892 the association for physical exercises and 1894 the parish Lohbrügge were founded. After the split from Steinbek , which became an independent municipality, Lohbrügge, Sande and Ladenbek were merged into the large municipality of Sande in 1895. In 1899 the Church of the Redeemer in Lohbrügge was consecrated.
In 1929 the large community of Sande merged with Boberg to form the community of Lohbrügge. Some street and place names still remind of the former place Sande, such as the Sander Damm on the former local border to Bergedorf, the Sander Straße and the Sander Tannen . Sande roughly comprised the area between Sander Damm in the east and the local border with Boberg in the west, extending as far as the course of today's Bergedorfer Strasse and Ladenbeker Weg in the south and Lohbrügger Landstrasse in the north. In earlier times the southern sand was almost completely forested with pine trees ; In the post-war years, however, the Sander fir trees were almost completely processed into firewood and could later be laboriously reforested. Some remnants of the original forest can only be found today in the lowlands on Ruselerweg / Krellweg . On the Geest slope , street names such as Höperfeld are reminiscent of agricultural use at the time.
In the Reichstag election in March 1933 , 32.3% voted for the NSDAP , 3.6% for the DNVP , 45.0% for the SPD and 15.2% for the KPD, with a turnout of 93.3%. In this election in Lohbrügge, the SPD was able to achieve its highest result in what was then Schleswig-Holstein. The author Frank Omland attributed this to high unemployment.
Until 1937 the municipality of Lohbrügge developed independently of Hamburg and Bergedorf. While the former agricultural town of Bergedorf was jointly owned by the Hanseatic cities of Hamburg and Lübeck as early as 1420, and in 1868 only Hamburg was assigned, the Lohbrügger area was alternately under Holstein, Danish and, finally, Prussian rule. It was not until 1937 that the municipality of Lohbrügge was added to the city of Hamburg and, as part of the Greater Hamburg Act, became a district of Hamburg for some time and finally became part of the Bergedorf district in 1951 .
In the years after the Second World War, strong population growth in the Hanseatic city of Hamburg and extensive destruction caused by the war led to a housing shortage. This made it necessary to expand the settlement areas outside of Hamburg's city center. Today's Lohbrügge-Nord area was largely an agricultural area after the war and hardly developed. The Bergedorf-Bille building cooperative, founded in 1948, implemented a number of larger building projects. As part of the so-called construction plan 60 , an area of around 243 hectares was designated as a construction area for a large estate under the name Lohbrügge-Nord . In the 1960s, the construction of the Lohbrügge-Nord settlement began in accordance with the so-called garden city concept . Various private as well as non-profit property development companies began to implement the construction project in 1961, which was completed in the mid-1970s. Due to this expansion, the population increased sharply.
In 1965, 1967, 1972 and 1987 a primary school, two grammar schools, a technical college and a comprehensive school were inaugurated.
Boberg was first mentioned in a document in 1233 as Bocberge . The name means Buchenberg . The farming village was on the highway leading from Hamburg to Bergedorf. The place retained its rural structure until the end of the 19th century , when a first workers' settlement was built and a voluntary fire brigade was founded in 1890. In 1929 Boberg, which at that time had around 900 inhabitants, was incorporated into Sande, which was also renamed Lohbrügge . Lohbrügge became part of Hamburg in 1937 due to the Greater Hamburg Act . In the 1990s a suburban settlement ("Dorfanger Boberg") was built, which finally made the district lose its rural character. Boberg can now be divided into three parts: “Neu Boberg” north of Bergedorfer Straße (“Dorfanger Boberg”), the “Alt Boberg” part along the Am Langberg road and the Boberger Niederung south of the slope with its many traditional farmhouses.
- Minor quota: 15.6% [Hamburg average: 16.3% (2017)].
- Elderly rate: 23.8% [Hamburg average: 18.2% (2017)].
- Proportion of foreigners: 12.0% [Hamburg average: 17.1% (2017)].
- Unemployment rate: 5.0% [Hamburg average: 5.2% (2017)].
The average income per taxpayer in Lohbrügge is 29,127 euros annually (2013), the Hamburg average is 39,054 euros.
- SPD 55.2% (+0.9)
- CDU 14.6% (-8.4)
- AfD 7.7% (+ 7.7)
- Left 7.3% (+1.2)
- Green 6.5% (-0.1)
- FDP 5.5% (+0.9)
- Other 3.2% (–2.2)
Culture and sights
- Lohbrügger Friedhof and Erlöserkirche: The former Lohbrügger Friedhof is located directly on the Erlöserkirche, built in 1899, on Lohbrügger Kirchstrasse ( ). From 1892 a church with a cemetery was planned in the then sandy area. Finally, the communal burial ground was inaugurated on January 10, 1897. The cemetery has not been used since 1972 and has been a public park since 1997, in which historical tombs have been preserved. All paths in the cemetery lead to the mausoleum designed by Hugo Groothoff , which the industrialist Wilhelm Bergner , founder of the Bergedorfer Eisenwerke , had built for himself in the neo-romantic style in 1900.
- Lohbrügger water tower: Lohbrügge has a water tower , which is almost a landmark on the ridge of the forest - the Sander Tannen - at a height of 38 meters and at the same time was a popular vantage point. The tower was nicknamed Sander Dickkopp because of its external shape . It was completed in 1907 and supplied Lohbrügge with water until 1972. Decommissioned, it was rededicated and for a long time was a well-known privately owned excursion and event venue.
- TV tower: The 137.5 meter high Hamburg-Lohbrügge telecommunications tower is a striking structure that was erected in 1987 around 100 meters from the "Dickkopp". It replaced a steel lattice mast (jokingly called "Eiffel Tower") from the 1960s .
- Natural Monument: In Lohbruegge lying nature reserve Boberg lowland with inland dunes , orchid meadows , a fen (aft Moor) and the Boberger lake .
- Signposts: An artistic gem, a signpost to Billwerder, is on the bridge over the Ladenbeker Furtweg over the B5. It was created by the Hamburg metal and stone sculptor Ernst Hanssen .
- High-rise graffiti Signs of the times : The artists DAIM , Darco , Loomit , Hesh , Vaine and Ohne , under the organizational direction of Lothar Knode, sprayed the 300 m² graffiti on a high-rise facade on Otto-Schumann-Weg in December 1995 . The work got an entry in the Guinness Book of Records for the highest graffito in the world. The artists needed 1000 spray cans for the 30 meter high and 11 meter wide work of art. It shows a composition of text and picture elements as well as quotations from masterpieces of wall painting.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Berufsgenossenschaftliches Unfallkrankenhaus Hamburg (accident hospital Boberg for short)
education and Science
- Elementary schools
- Max Eichholz ring
- District schools
- Richard-Linde-Weg : Since the school year 2010/2011, the former secondary and secondary school has become a district school. There is a separate upper level, the first high school graduates left the school in June 2013.
- District school Lohbrügge: Since 1987 there has been a six- to seven-class school (formerly comprehensive school) at the Binnenfeldredder in Lohbrügge.
- High schools
- Gymnasium Lohbrügge : The largest and oldest gymnasium in Lohbrügge. It was built at the end of the 1960s in northern Lohbrügge as part of the construction of new apartments in the region ( "Lindwurm" ).
- Bornbrook High School
In the south of Lohbrügger there was also the Sander Tannen grammar school, which expired in the late 1980s in favor of the Bergedorf comprehensive school.
- Technical colleges and institutes
- Bergedorf campus of the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences at Lohbrügger Kirchstr.
- vTI - von Thünen Institute: "Department for Wood Technology and Biology"; Formerly the Federal Research Institute for Forestry and Wood Management.
- The Hamburg glider airfield with a 1,300-meter long runway (coordinates: ) is located in the Boberger Niederung . The two associations Hamburger Aero Club and Hamburger Verein für Luftfahrt are based at the glider airfield .
- The Sportvereinigung Polizei Hamburg has traditionally been active in the Lohbrügger sports facilities with its Bergedorf / Lohbrügge department since 1970. Originating from the youth work of accident-damaged children in the Hamburg Police Sports Association, the department is now open to all age groups in various sports.
- The sports club VfL Lohbrügge has existed since 1892. It is based at the Binnenfeldredder and offers sports from football to gymnastics and gymnastics to cheerleading .
- The tennis club Blau Weiss Lohbrügge e. V. exists since 1973 and has its facilities on the edge of the nature reserve Boberger Niederung in the street triangle Ladenbeker Furtweg / Am Moosberg. In addition to the outdoor facilities, there has also been a three-field tennis hall since 1980. In 1998 the association had 500 members, today there are around 300.
- HH Heinrich Harders: A few words about the history of Lohbrügges. In: Lichtwark . 1st year No. 10. Ed. Lichtwark Committee, September 1949. See now: Verlag HB-Werbung, Hamburg-Bergedorf.
- HH Heinrich Harders: The Feldmark Lohbrügges in their development. In: Lichtwark. No. 3. Ed. Lichtwark Committee, August 1951. See now: Verlag HB-Werbung, Hamburg-Bergedorf.
- Gerd Hoffmann, Bruno Hoeft: From Bergedorf to Lohbrügge ... old photographs, old postcards .
- Franklin Kopitzsch , Daniel Tilgner (Ed.): Hamburg Lexikon. 3rd, updated edition. Ellert & Richter, Hamburg 2005, ISBN 3-8319-0179-1 .
- Culture and History Office (ed.): The history of a Hamburg district . Volume 2: Fields and Factories . Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-9806996-0-9 .
- Harald Richert: 500 years of farming families in Lohbrügge. In: Lichtwark. No. 55. Ed. Lichtwark Committee, 1991. See now: Verlag HB-Werbung, Hamburg-Bergedorf.
- Renate Schneider: Boberg and Lohbrügge - important settlements in the younger Bronze Age. In: Lichtwark. No. 37. Ed. Lichtwark Committee, 1974. See now: Verlag HB-Werbung, Hamburg-Bergedorf.
- List of streets, squares and bridges in Hamburg-Lohbrügge
- List of cultural monuments in Hamburg-Lohbrügge
- Horst Beckershaus: The names of the Hamburg districts. Where do they come from and what they mean. Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-434-52545-9 , p. 73.
- Statistics North ( Memento of the original from June 17, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- AKENS Information 39, Omland: "All of us 'yes' to the leader". Retrieved November 26, 2019 .
- Christian Hanke: Hamburg's street names tell a story. Hamburg 2006, ISBN 3-929229-41-2 , p. 213.
- Website of the Boberg Voluntary Fire Brigade
- minors in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Proportion of 65-year-olds and older in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- foreigners in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Unemployment rate in the Hamburg districts in 2017
- Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (ed.): Hamburg District Profile 2016 (= NORD.regional . Volume 19 ). 2018, ISSN 1863-9518 ( Online PDF 6.6 MB [accessed February 12, 2018]).
- constituency results at www.wahlen-hamburg.de
- Hamburger Abendblatt. October 11, 1996, p. 18, no.238.
- 330 square meters of sparkling art. In: Hamburger Morgenpost. December 15, 1995.
- Lohbrügge district school. Retrieved January 14, 2019 (German).
- TCBW Tennisclub Blau-Weiß Lohbrügge: a piece of Lohbrügge for 34 years. In: Friends of 750 Years of Lohbrügge (Ed.): Festschrift 750 Years of Lohbrügge. Hamburg 2007, p. 4.