City of Geesthacht
Location of Krümmel in Schleswig-Holstein
Krümmel seen from the opposite bank of the Elbe, the structure in the water is the outlet structure of the nuclear power plant
Krümmel became known from 1866 through the dynamite factory Krümmel owned by Alfred Nobel , who invented dynamite at this point . Up until 1945, explosives were produced here on a large area. Today you can still see some buildings from the 19th century in Krümmel on Bellevue-Berg / Straße Kronsberg. Among other things, the director's villa is still preserved. At the back of the former entrance building of the dynamite factory you can see a dilapidated seating group (entrance behind the visitor center of the nuclear power plant), which most likely stood in the former garden of the Nobel villa and was used by Nobel.
As a somewhat neglected relic, the only building of the factory that has survived today is the old water tower . An initiative tries to preserve it and, if necessary, to set up a small museum. The tower can be reached via the power plant site (right-hand driveway up the hill - but only on foot).
Krümmel was a manor district. In 1928 it was incorporated into the community of Grünhof-Tesperhude. Like Geesthacht, Krümmel belonged to Hamburg until 1937 , when it was spun off by the Greater Hamburg Law .
In 1956, the Society for Nuclear Energy Utilization in Shipping and Shipbuilding (GKSS) was established between the Geesthacht districts of Krümmel and Grünhof-Tesperhude - on former parts of the Nobel dynamite factory. It was there that the first nuclear-powered ship in Germany and the third in the world, the Otto Hahn , was designed.
From 1983 the Krümmel nuclear power plant was in operation , also on the site of the dynamite factory, directly on the Elbe . It was shut down in 2011 after seven incidents in 2005, 2007, 2008 (twice) and 2009 (three times). There were five nuclear reactors in Krümmel, four of which are still to be dismantled.
Krümmel is accessible via the federal highway 5 , which runs past about one kilometer in the northeast, as well as the Elbuferstraße, which grazes the district directly to the south and connects Geesthacht and Tesperhude in the east. In the course of the First World War , the Krümmelbahn for the dynamite factory was built along the banks of the Elbe . In the past, there was also a car-ferry connection between Krümmel and the Obermarschacht on the south bank of the Elbe , which was abandoned.
- State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein (ed.): The population of the communities in Schleswig-Holstein 1867 - 1970 . State Statistical Office Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel 1972, p. 72 .