|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||52 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||42.73 km 2|
|Residents:||5422 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||127 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||15306|
|Area code :||03346|
|License plate :||MOL, FRW, SEE, SRB|
|Community key :||12 0 64 448|
|LOCODE :||DE SLW|
City administration address :
|Küstriner Strasse 61
|Mayor :||Jörg Schröder ( SPD )|
|Location of the district town of Seelow in the district of Märkisch-Oderland|
Seelow is located on the western edge of the Oderbruch , on Bundesstrasse 1 , the former Reichsstrasse 1 from Aachen to Königsberg . The distance to the center of Berlin is around 70 km, the distance to the border with Poland around 20 km.
The district of Werbig with the inhabited districts of Alt Langsow, Neulangsow and Werbig belongs to the town of Seelow . There are also the living spaces Altlangsower Loose, Neu Werbig, Schweizerhaus, Seelower Loose, Vorwerk, Werbiger Loose and Zernickow .
In 1252 the village ( villa ) Zelou ( Zelov ) was first mentioned as the property of the cathedral monastery of Lebus , in 1308 and 1311 as a small town ( oppidum ). It remained in their possession until the diocese was dissolved in 1556.
In the years 1630, 1788 and 1809 there were big city fires.
In 1945, at the end of the Second World War , one of the greatest battles between the Red Army and the Wehrmacht took place on the Seelow Heights - the Battle of the Seelow Heights . After heavy losses on their side, the Soviet armed forces were able to fight their way to Berlin and finally take the capital of the Reich. Seelow was badly damaged in the fighting, mainly by an air raid on April 17, 1945, and then by fires during looting.
Seelow belonged to the district of Lebus in the administrative district of Frankfurt in the Prussian province of Brandenburg since 1816 . The district office had been in Seelow since 1863. In 1950 the district of Lebus was renamed the district of Seelow . From 1952 to 1993, Seelow was the district town of the Seelow district in the Frankfurt (Oder) district .
On October 26, 2003, Werbig was incorporated into the town of Seelow.
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
Seelow is the seat of the superintendent of the Protestant church district Oderbruch , which was founded on July 1, 1998 through the merger of the earlier church districts Seelow and Bad Freienwalde (Oder) . The position of superintendent has a service scope of 50%. The other half he fulfilled the duties of a priest in the diocese Seelow. The Sprengel consists of the three parishes of Seelow, Friedersdorf and Langsow with two parish councils (in Friedersdorf and Seelow) and four preaching sites . All three parishes have a common household.
In 1946, pastor Alois Pech , who came from Küstrin , settled in Seelow and set up a Catholic emergency chapel. In 1962 the previously rented chapel was bought, expanded and consecrated by the parish . She became the patron saint of the Holy Clemens Maria Hofbauer . At the end of 2003 the chapel was closed and put up for sale. Today, the Catholics in Seelow belong to the Heilig Kreuz parish in Frankfurt (Oder) , which also includes the nearby church in Golzow .
The city council of Seelow consists of 18 city councilors and the full-time mayor.
|SPD||The left||AfD||WG Heimat-Kultur-Sport||CDU||FDP||WG Freedom, work, values||Free shared flat in Seelow||Offensive D||total|
(As of: local election on May 26, 2019 )
- 2001–2009: Udo Schulz (SPD)
- since 2009: Jörg Schröder (SPD)
Schröder was elected the new mayor of the city on September 27, 2009 with 50.7% of the valid votes. He was confirmed in office for another eight years on September 24, 2017 with 65.7% of the valid votes.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on February 12, 2002.
Blazon : “In blue two diagonally crossed golden boat hooks; In the corners: above a golden miter, in front a rising silver crescent moon, behind a notched silver paw cross and below a golden star. "
The city of Seelow carries a flag with three stripes in the colors blue-silver (white) -blue and in a ratio of 1: 3: 1 with the city coat of arms in the central strip.
- Moers ( North Rhine-Westphalia )
- Nangis ( France )
- Kostrzyn nad Odrą ( Poland )
- Międzychód ( Poland )
Sights and culture
- City church, classicist building by Karl Friedrich Schinkel , built 1830–1832, restored and completed in 1997/98 with the reconstruction of its tower. In the church there has been an organ since 2010 by the English organ builder Bryceson , which was built around 1880.
- Swiss house
- Seelower Heights Memorial (Storm of the Red Army on Berlin over the Seelower Heights , 1945) with monumental sculptures by Lew Kerbel
- Friedenswald , planted in 1991 on the initiative of Mayor Gernot Schmidt, the writer Martin Stade , the journalist Eberhard Grashoff and the action artist Ben Wargin in memory of the dead of the Second World War and the displaced persons on the Krugberg near the road to Werbig . There are also 13 sculptures as the result of a sculpture symposium as a “symbol for the construction of a common European home”.
- Memorial from 1968 (according to other sources 1972) for the victims of fascism in the park in front of the elementary school on the street of youth
- Twelve stumbling blocks in memory of the victims of National Socialism were laid in 2011.
Every year there are three major events in Seelow. The start has been the May Day on May 1st, 2011 , which has replaced the original "Sports and Games Festival" of SV Victoria Seelow after its 20th anniversary. The content of the festival, which takes place on the grounds of the Sparkassen-Arena, is the traditional setting up of the maypole on the evening of April 30th followed by a torchlight and fanfare parade as well as performances by bands. In addition, the fire brigade's annual night cup run as well as friendly soccer matches of the local soccer club take place.
The Seelow City Festival takes place on the first weekend in September. In addition to the stage program and numerous beer bars, rides such as bumper cars etc. attract many visitors.
The “historic Christmas market” on the weekend of the third Advent offers exhibitions and Christmas programs in the town church as well as cutting the largest possible Christmas cookies, such as a Christmas stollen or dominoes.
Economy and Infrastructure
Seelow train station is on the Eberswalde – Frankfurt (Oder) railway line . It is served by the regional train line RB 60 ( Eberswalde - Frankfurt (Oder) ). The Seelow-Gusow station is located in the neighboring town of Gusow-Platkow on the Berlin – Küstrin railway line . It is served by the regional train line RB 26 ( Berlin-Ostkreuz - Kostrzyn ). The Werbig stop is served by the RB 26 and the RB 60.
- The city is the seat of the administration of the Seelow-Land office and the headquarters of the Märkisch-Oderland district administration.
- City library " Ulrich Plenzdorf " Seelow
- Primary school : Seelow primary school
- Secondary school : Secondary school "Bertolt Brecht" Seelow
- Gymnasium : Gymnasium on the Seelower Heights
- Special school : Kleeblatt-Schule
- Upper School Center : Upper School Center Märkisch-Oderland
- Adult Education Center : Adult Education Center in Seelow
Seelow has a race track on the outskirts of the city, where the FIA European Autocross Championships are held annually. The organizer is the local motorsport club MC Seelow.
Seelow has two soccer fields, one of which is in the Sparkassenarena, the former Oderbruchstadion Seelow. The facilities are used by SV Victoria Seelow and for school sports. Victoria Seelow plays in the fifth-class Oberliga Nordost in the 2019/20 season . Directly at the stadium there is also a bowling hall with four classic bowling alleys, which are used by the 1. KSC 1959 Seelow bowling club.
The tennis club Seelow eV operates three clay courts near the Seelow Gymnasium.
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Samuel Patzke (1727–1787), pastor and writer
- Albert Tschautsch (1843–1922), genre painter
- Hermann Guth (1851 - after 1924), architect, architectural historian and government master builder
- Leonhard Haskel (1872–1923), actor, chief director and dramaturge
- Hellmuth Ulrici (1874–1950), doctor and clinic director
- Franz E. Rosenthal (1885–1973), dermatologist
- Gerhard Kleiner (1908–1978), classical archaeologist
- Werner Otto (1909–2011), founder of Otto-Versand
- Harry Nippert (* 1933), soccer player and coach
- Lutz Pyritz (1958–2018), jockey and equestrian trainer
- Jutta Lieske (* 1961), politician (SPD)
Personalities associated with Seelow
- Hugo Simon (1880–1950), banker and politician, built an agricultural model estate and a park in Seelow
- Gerd-Ulrich Herrmann (* 1950), head of the Seelower Heights Memorial
- Manuela Schwesig (* 1974), politician (SPD), 2013–2017 Federal Minister for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth , Prime Minister of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , spent her youth in Seelow
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg. Lebus. With an overview map in the appendix (= Friedrich Beck [Hrsg.]: Historisches Ortslexikon für Brandenburg . Part VII; Publications of the Potsdam State Archives . Volume VII). Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1983, Seelow, pp. 394–401 (there is a reprint from 2011).
- Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Mark Brandenburg and the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in the middle of the 19th century . Volume 3, 1st edition, Brandenburg 1856, pp. 207-209 ( online ).
- W. Riehl, J. Scheu (Ed.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate of Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their current existence , Berlin 1861, pp. 390–381 ( online ).
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Service the state administration Brandenburg. City of Seelow
- Siegmund Wilhelm Wohlbrück : History of the former Diocese of Lebus and the country of this taking . Volume 3. Berlin 1832. pp. 136-137
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Landkreis Märkisch-Oderland . Pp. 34-37
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- The Roman Catholic Congregation , accessed May 14, 2017.
- New owner plans to demolish the house - To repay debt: Archdiocese sells Wilhelmshorster Chapel , accessed on May 14, 2017.
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Local elections October 26, 2003. Mayoral elections , p. 26
- SPD successes in mayoral elections. In: Der Tagesspiegel , September 29, 2009
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Result of the mayoral election on September 24, 2017
- Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- www.altekirchen.de, accessed on January 24, 2017
- Schweizerhaus Seelow at www.seenland-oderspree.de
- Werbiger Friedenswald is 20 Märkische Oderzeitung, January 26, 2011, accessed on June 21, 2013.
- laying of the stumbling blocks has been completed
- Energy Atlas. Wind energy plants in Seelow. (No longer available online.) Www.energie-experten.org, archived from the original on August 21, 2016 ; accessed on August 21, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.