|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Dusseldorf|
|Height :||30 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||67.68 km 2|
|Residents:||103,902 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1535 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||47441, 47443, 47445, 47447|
|Area code :||02841|
|License plate :||WES, DIN, MO|
|Community key :||05 1 70 024|
|LOCODE :||DE MOS|
|City structure:||3 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Christoph Fleischhauer ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Moers in the Wesel district|
The city of Moers [ mœʁs ] (also Meurs , Mörs ) is at the lower Lower Rhine at the western edge of the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia and is a large district town and the largest city of Wesel in the administrative district of Dusseldorf . Moers is also part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region . Due to its location in the north of the Rhine and in the west of the Ruhr area, Moers is called the turntable on the Lower Rhine . Moers is the largest city in Germany, which is neither independent nor the seat of a district.
The city of Moers is located in the Lower Rhine plain between the Rhine and a series of moraine hills that extend north of Hüls to the north. Moers is located in the south of the Wesel district, 7 km west of the Ruhr estuary in Duisburg and 13 km north of Krefeld . In state planning , Moers is classified as a medium-sized center .
Coal-bearing layers resulting from the Upper Carboniferous period lie beneath the Moers urban area at a depth of 600 to 800 meters. Above it are layers of sand and gravel from the Devonian and Tertiary periods , while the area was covered by the sea. In the Diluvium , glaciers pushed scree from Scandinavia ahead of them, which formed terminal moraines of clay, loam and sand in the surrounding area . The soil layers consist of up to 20 meters thick Pleistocene gravel and sand deposits. In the post-ice age, a micro-relief emerged on the lower terrace level of the Rhine on the left-hand side of the Lower Rhine due to erosion and repeated relocation of the numerous river arms. Due to fluvial accumulation, slightly higher areas formed, the so-called Donken , while the former arms of the Rhine, into which the main collectors of the city's drainage system are relocated, lie a few meters lower and form the so-called Kendel lowlands. The dry Donken are mainly used for agriculture, while grassland predominates in the Kendel area.
On the night of July 24, 2009 an earthquake with a magnitude of 3.3 on the Richter scale shook the Moers, Kamp-Lintfort and Neukirchen-Vluyn regions . According to information from the earthquake station in Bensberg , the epicenter was in Moers-Repelen and is the strongest earthquake in the region since records began in 1955. According to the geological service, it can be traced back to the coal mining.
Moers has a moderate climate. The annual rainfall of around 740 mm fluctuates in the monthly values between 46 mm in February and 81 mm in June. The duration of sunshine of around 1500 hours per year is between 45 hours in January and 195 hours in August in the monthly values. The average temperatures range from 3 degrees in January and 19 degrees in July with an annual mean of 11 degrees (source: Deutscher Wetterdienst , mean values 1961–1990).
With an area of 68 km², the urban area extends from north to south 14.9 km and from west to east 7.7 km.
The highest elevations in the urban area are the mining dump on Römerstrasse Halde Rheinpreußen with 103.5 m and the Pattberg (a dump named after the former coal mine Pattberg in Moers-Repelen) with 85 m, the lowest point is at Strommoers and is .
Spatially, the urban area is divided into the following three districts , which in turn consist of a further 22 districts, officially designated as residential areas :
- Moers : Moers-Mitte , Asberg , Scherpenberg, Hülsdonk, Hochstraß, Schwafheim , Vinn
- Chapels : Kapellen-Mitte , Achterathsfeld, Achterathsheide, Bettenkamp, Holderberg, Vennikel
- Rheinkamp : Meerbeck , Utfort , Repelen , Baerler Busch , Genend , Rheinkamp-Mitte (see "Note 1"), Bornheim , Eick and Kohlenhuck
Located on the western edge of the Ruhr area, Moers has a convenient location to the Netherlands and the Ruhr area , as well as to Düsseldorf Airport and the Duisburg-Ruhrorter Hafen . For the neighboring cities of Rheinberg , Kamp-Lintfort and Neukirchen-Vluyn in the north and west as well as the rural areas behind and for the districts of Duisburg on the left bank of the Rhine ( Rheinhausen and Homberg ), Moers is the middle center. With Krefeld in the south and Duisburg in the east, Moers borders directly on two large cities whose offers in the fields of culture, leisure and education are also used by the citizens of Moers.
Early history and Roman times
Archaeological finds show indications of a first settlement around 2500 BC. In the Hülsdonk area, around 500 BC Further settlement finds are documented in the Moers area. In Roman times , in the years 12 and 11 BC. The camp Asciburgium was founded in the area of today's Asberg by Drusus , a stepson of Augustus . In 69 AD the camp was burned down by the Bataver Iulius Civilis , who was retreating from the Batavian uprising , but was later rebuilt and finally abandoned as a fort around 85.
However, Roman settlers and soldiers can still be traced in the Asberg area until they withdrew from the Lower Rhine around 410 AD : Roman coins from the reign of Emperor Gratian were found on the site of the former fort and the associated camp village ( vicus ) Was murdered in 383 AD. Furthermore, in late antiquity, Emperor Valentinian I (reigned 364 to 375) built a small fortification of the Burgus type on the site of the imperial fort to protect against raids by Germanic peoples in this area; here were limitanei stationed. The historic Roman road from Cologne to Xanten crosses Moers in a north-south direction (B57).
Middle Ages and early modern times
In the 9th century Moers was first mentioned as "Murse" in the records of the Werden monastery, which acquired five and a half Mansen here . The original Murse settlement was, however, northeast of the later city wall of Moers. The center of a collection of courtyards was a chapel, which was later enlarged to become the Bonifatius Church . The earliest written reference to this church is from 1230, but it may have been significantly older. This stood in the former cemetery in the area of Mühlenstrasse and Rheinberger Strasse. The Bonifatius Church was the main church for the citizens until it was destroyed during the acts of war between the Spaniards and the Orange in the area of the city around 1597. In contrast, the counts used a newly built chapel in the city from 1363, which also became their burial place. This chapel was later expanded to become the current town church.
The city name Moers is probably derived from moor or morass and is due to the fact that the then still meandering Rhine created large swamps here, within which people settled on the higher places. Up until the 18th century, Moers was still plagued by violent floods from the Rhine.
The noble family of the Counts of Moers can be traced for the first time in 1160. In the archive of Werden Abbey , Codex Ulphilas states : "Wilhelmus .. Comes de Moers .. annis 8. obiit 1160 20 Junii" . This Count Wilhelm was abbot of the abbey from 1152–1160. The oldest parts of Moers Castle were built around this time , as they date from around 1200. The next documented count is Dietrich von Moers († 1262) (written Dietrich or Theoderich) and his successor in the county of Moers .
Between 1270 and 1280 there was a serious change in the course of the Rhine, so that the settlement was no longer in the immediate vicinity of the river, but about 7 km away.
Shortly after this change in the Rhine, the nobles Dietrich and Friedrich von Moers enlarged their property in the Moers area in 1288. There they bought some goods from Werden Abbey. Furthermore, Friedrich von Moers signed an estate in the area of Repelen (referred to in the document as "Rinkampe") to Count Adolf V and received it as a fief.
On July 20, 1300 Moers got the municipal rights by King Albert I bestowed. In the first half of the 15th century, the city was fortified with walls and moats for the areas near the castle. The older part in the area with the Bonifatius Church remained outside the city walls. The first written references for the city gates come from 1437/1438 for the "Steintor" and 1446/1448 for the "Nyerporte". The latter connected the old area of the city and an extension, the new town, and was also a bridge. This led over the "Moerse" also called "sea". This gate was called "Meerportzen" and was later called "Mattorn". The construction of the new town probably only began after the establishment of the Nyerporte, as it was first mentioned in documents in 1446.
In 1373 Moers received the right to mint . In 1448 a Carmelite monastery was built. In 1493, the city and county of Moers fell by inheritance to the House of Wied-Runkel and in 1519 to the Counts of Neuenahr . In 1560, the Reformation found its way into the city under Count Hermann von Neuenahr and Moers (1520–1578). This introduced the court rules three years later. His advocacy for the converted Archbishop of Cologne Gebhard I. Truchsess von Waldburg involved Moers in the Truchsessian War .
In 1582, the Adolfinum grammar school , which still exists today, was founded. Between 1586 and 1597 Moers was occupied by the Spanish troops as the opponents of the Dutch , as Count Herrmann's successor , Count Adolf von Neuenahr , was both governor of Geldern and Utrecht as well as the general of the Truchsessian troops. In 1594, Adolf's widow Anna Walburga , who was living in exile at the time, was the last Countess of Neuenahr and Moers to bequeath the lands to her relative, the Orange Moritz von Oranien . He besieged the city and was able to take it non-violently in 1597. Anna Walburga was able to live in the city until her death in 1600. After her death in 1600, the Duke of Jülich-Kleve-Berg laid claim to the county with the city of Moers. This claim was finally rejected in 1601 by the aristocrats and councilors of the county through the recognition of the Orange man Moritz as their sovereign.
Time of the Orange
Moritz the Orange occupied Moers and the Orange practiced there until the time of Wilhelm III. - who was also King of England - extended sovereignty until after 1700. Droste Jost Wirich von Pelden , known as Cloudt , who was appointed by the Orange as his local deputy in the middle of 1600 , carried out the expansion of new defensive works for the castle and town according to the plans of Simon Stevin . The structure of the fortress based on the Dutch model can still be seen in the cityscape today. As early as 1609, the city was surrounded by a jagged ring of ramparts, a large moat and bastions. A great fire destroyed a large part of the old town in 1605 and in 1623 the plague killed 900 people, half of the population. By 1624 there were only an estimated 300 houses in the city. This made it significantly smaller than Rheinberg with around 500 houses. In the decades that followed, the city flourished among the Dutch. Above all, under the protection of the Dutch, it was possible to largely escape the turmoil and unrest of the Thirty Years' War and to remain neutral. A Flemish tradition corresponded to the establishment of shooting societies, which strengthened the full-time troops to protect the city. The oldest still active Moerser club, the Bürgererschützenverein Hochstraß-Scherpenberg 1650 , goes back to this time.
Under Prussian administration
In 1702 the city fell to Prussia by way of succession and in 1706 it became a principality. Linked to this was a seat in the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Imperial Counts College and thus imperial immediacy . The citizens of Moers were initially not enthusiastic and expelled the emissary of the Prussian king from the city. Finally, the commissioned General Prince Leopold von Anhalt-Dessau ( Der Alte Dessauer ) was able to take the city bloodlessly in a coup in 1712 through a secret nightly action. The Dutch were then finally expelled from the city on behalf of King Friedrich I. In 1723 a separate government agency was set up in Moers. During the Seven Years' War Moers was briefly occupied by the French and had to provide food and shelter for the troops. The Adolfinum became a barn. After the end of the war, the fortress was razed by Prussia at the behest of Friedrich II . The outer wall was preserved because it was necessary as a dike. The rest became garden land. In 1794 the city came under French rule and from 1798 belonged to the Département de la Roer . At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the entire Lower Rhine and thus the former county of Moers was again added to the Kingdom of Prussia. From the short French episode, the Napoleonic Code civil remained, which remained valid as Rhenish law until the introduction of the Civil Code in 1900. Furthermore, some French soldiers settled in Moers, so that the proportion of the Catholic population increased. Under the French, the Moerser had lost the seat of government, responsibility for Krefeld and the tax administration. To their horror, this was not restored under Prussia.
As part of the Prussian administrative organization, Moers came to the Rheinberg district on April 23, 1816 as one of over 40 districts in the Jülich-Kleve-Berg province , later the Rhine province . As early as 1823 this newly founded circle was merged with the district of Geldern . The 19th century was largely calm and tranquil for the Moerser. In the course of time, some important facilities for the infrastructure were created. The teachers' seminar was founded in 1820 with Adolph Diesterweg as its first director. His successor, Franz Ludwig Zahn , expanded it from 1832 and moved into the newly constructed building on today's Wilhelm-Schroeder-Straße (today's Adolfinum) in 1866. As early as 1841, Zahn set up the so-called preparatory institute to accommodate the trainee teachers, which was then expanded into a boarding school and developed as a Martinstift on the Fild estate .
The people of Moers missed a significant economic opportunity when they resisted the Klever administration's plan to build a mulberry plantation on their commons on the Moerser Heide. This is how Krefeld became the silk city. Nevertheless, there was a textile entrepreneur in the Duisburg factory owner Friedrich Wintgens who founded a cotton mill near the castle. The company was quite successful. At the peak, more than 200 people were employed there. Wintgens was able to acquire and renovate the castle, as well as having the castle park laid out on other areas.
In 1857 the unification of the Rheinberg and Geldern districts that took place in 1823 was reversed. Now Moers became the seat of the newly founded district of Moers . At the same time, the Prussian town order was introduced in Moers and the Moers-Land mayor's office was established. From 1873 there was gas-powered street lighting in Moers. The first railway lines were put into operation by the Rheinische Bahngesellschaft in 1882 to Krefeld and by the Märkische Eisenbahngesellschaft in 1883 to Homberg. In 1894 the city took over the gas works from Rheinische Energie AG. In 1901 the Vinn waterworks was built with the now listed water tower. In 1902, Emperor Wilhelm II traveled to Prussia for 200 years . On this occasion, the monument was erected on the Altmarkt. From 1884 to 1914 the clay pastor Emanuel Felke worked in Repelen , who set up a spa for naturopathy in the village at that time and for which the Jungbornpark was created.
In 1906 the five rural communities: Hülsdonk, Hochstraß, Asberg, Schwafheim and Vinn, which had previously been administered as Moers-Land separately from Moers-Stadt, were united with Moers and incorporated.
The beginning of the 20th century in Moers was all about mining . In 1900 there were 6,000 people living in the city and a further 6,000 in the rural mayor's office, but the numbers multiplied in the following years. With the sinking of the shaft IV of the bill Rhine Prussia on 15 September 1900, the mining industry came to the city of Moers. From 1904 to 1913 the mine and workers' settlement Meerbeck -Hochstraß was built for around 10,000 immigrants , which is still a sought-after residential area after extensive renovation.
As a result, there were some innovations in traffic. On July 1, 1901, the toll on the “Moers-Homberger Aktienstraße”, today's Homberger Straße, was canceled. In 1903 the railway connection initiated by John Haniel from Duisburg via Rheinhausen and Moers to Kleve was opened to traffic. In 1907 the Mattorn, the last Moers city gate, was demolished to improve traffic conditions. In 1909 the Moerser Kreisbahnen went into operation. A major step forward was the start of tram operation by the Moers-Homberg GmbH tram in 1908, which from 1914 led over the Rhine bridge to Ruhrort. From 1920 there was also a connection via chapels to Krefeld and a line to Kamp-Lintfort. There has been a power supply for Moers city center since 1911.
After the First World War
After the First World War , Belgian troops were stationed in Moers during the Allied occupation of the Rhineland . The population suffered from unemployment and the billeting of the Belgians. Moers was largely spared the turmoil of the war in the Ruhr , although there were repeated conflicts with the occupiers and Moers was cut off from the rest of the empire. The population suffered from hyperinflation in 1923 . To relieve the population, the Matthek was built in 1923 as a troop accommodation for Belgian soldiers, which was later converted into a housing estate. In 1924 the Niederrheinische Verkehrsgesellschaft was founded, which created new cross-country connections with buses. The Belgian occupation ended on January 31, 1926 and a phase of consolidation began. The development in mining continued. In 1927 and 1934 the Pattberg shafts started operations in Repelen. At the same time, the Repelen settlement was built between 1930 and 1936 . In the chemical works in Meerbeck ( Sasol ), synthetic gasoline was produced from coal from 1936 onwards . Political life in the city in the 1920s was divided. A strongly conservative, nationally oriented bourgeois society in the old town on the one hand and an almost closed left-wing workers in the Meerbeck, Hochstrasse and Matthek settlements on the other hand formed largely independent blocks.
Even though Joseph Goebbels had already appeared as a speaker in Moers in 1925, the NSDAP , whose local group Moers had been founded in 1926, played no significant role as a party until 1928. For the Reichstag election in 1928 she received only 1.7% in Moers. In the local elections in 1929 she won two seats. In contrast, the situation was completely different in the 1930 election with a spectacular success for the NSDAP in Moers, where it became the strongest party with 28.2%. The leading people were the newsagents Bollmann and the veterinarian Bubenzer, who were soon joined by the former center man Bruno Heger. In 1930 a local group of the Hitler Youth was founded. In 1933 the party already had 3,000 members in the Moers district. The background in Moers was the global economic crisis that began in 1929 , which led to massive layoffs in mining from 1930 onwards. The number of unemployed nearly doubled by 1932. The need increased and the violent public clashes with the left increased, leaving the injured and dead.
Long after the war, the view persisted that Moers was basically not Nazi, but German-national . Neither the election results nor the behavior of citizens and the business community, including the Protestant Church, which made its large community hall available to the NSDAP as a meeting room, confirm this.
During the National Socialism
One day after the National Socialists came to power on January 31, 1933, groups of SA , SS and Stahlhelm marched in a train of around 700 men to the Meerbeck colony, where there were shootings, but no one was seriously injured. Corresponding marches took place in the workers' settlements in neighboring towns, for example in Rheinhausen, Homberg and Repelen. The police were vastly outnumbered and powerless in this situation. “To avoid unrest”, meetings of the KPD and SPD were banned in the following days. After the Reichstag fire on February 27, 1933, the arrests of KPD leaders began and on March 28, 1933 137 people were imprisoned in the Moers district. This took its head off the only organization that could have defended itself on the same level. In the next few years the leaders of the KPD, but also the SPD, were systematically persecuted. The known list of fatalities as a result of resistance and persecution from the southern Altkreis Moers includes 42 names without Jewish citizens. Johann Esser came from Meerbeck , the poet of the song of the Moorsoldaten , which he had written in the Börgermoor concentration camp and which became a symbol of the resistance against fascism.
In 1928 there were around 230 Jews in Moers , i.e. just under 1 percent of the population. They were fully integrated and mostly active as merchants and craftsmen. Long-time council member Issak Kaufmann was congratulated by President Hindenburg on his 85th birthday in 1931 and an appreciation appeared in the press. But with the seizure of power everything quickly changed completely. From March 28, 1933, Jewish shops were boycotted across Germany, which was enforced in Moers by the SA and SS. As a result, many Jews left Moers, many lost their livelihoods and, as elsewhere, property was sold in an emergency. The Jewish school had to move rooms several times until it was closed in 1939. During the Reichspogromnacht the synagogue was demolished, only because of the close neighboring buildings it was not set on fire. Approx. When emigration was formally prohibited on October 1, 1941, 60 Jews were still living in Moers, huddled together in five so-called Jewish houses . The first transport of 40 people to Riga and Theresienstadt took place on December 13, 1941. With a few exceptions, the Moersers looked on uninvolved. After two further transports in April and July 1942, the Nazis were able to determine that Moers was " free of Jews ". They had overlooked a family in the Matthek, which was covered by their environment and a courageous city employee.
The prisoners of war and the forced laborers abducted from Russia, Poland and the Ukraine (also known as " Eastern workers ") were hit hard . In 1940 there were around 1000, at the beginning of 1942 3000 prisoners of war were counted in 23 camps for foreigners in the Moers district. In addition to recruiting for mining, many were employed on farms, in industrial and construction companies. The living conditions were cruel and inhumane. Many died of malnutrition, exhaustion, and the effects of violence. Foreigners were not allowed into the bunkers during the bombing. There are 141 graves in the Lohmansheide cemetery alone near the Rheinpreußen 5/9 shaft. The number of deaths in Moers is estimated at over 200. 558 Russian forced laborers are documented for the Moers district. No corresponding figures are available for the other nationalities, including French, Belgians and Dutch.
The Moers population suffered considerable casualties. Of the 5,000 Wehrmacht soldiers from Moers, 975 were killed or missing. There were 150 civilian casualties in the air war . In Meerbeck, where the bombing was particularly severe because of the fuel works, almost all of the 3,000 settlement houses were damaged and 1,000 were almost completely destroyed.
After the Second World War
At the end of World War II on March 4, 1945, US troops took the city as part of Operation Grenade . The social democratic resistance fighter Hermann Runge was appointed to the Parliamentary Council in 1948 to draft the Basic Law and was a member of the German Bundestag from 1949 to 1957. In 1952, the tram lines were shut down and operations were switched to trolleybuses . The entire area between Rheinberg, Kamp-Lintfort, Neukirchen, Rheinhausen and Duisburg-Ruhrort was electrified over a distance of 55 km. It was thus one of the largest O bus was converted nets in Germany until 1968 on pure bus enterprise. The renovation of the old town from 1965 while strictly adhering to the historical structures gave Moers an attractive city center, which became a popular, supraregional shopping destination and meeting place when it was converted into a pedestrian zone in 1972. On January 1, 1975, Moers became a major city due to the regional reform . As a reaction to the mining crisis that had been looming since the late 1960s, new industrial areas began to be developed in Hülsdonk . In 1978 the gas supply was switched from coke oven gas to natural gas. In 1980 the city acquired most of the Meerbeck colliery and carried out a thorough renovation over a period of 15 years. Stadtwerke Moers GmbH acquired the supply network for Kapellen and Meerbeck from RWE in 1988 and took over the power supply there. In 1990 and 1993 the Moerser pits Rheinpreußen and Pattberg were closed. The city responded by developing the Eurotec technology park. From 1997 the expansion of the Grafschafter industrial park in Genend took place in a joint project with the cities of Kamp-Lintfort, Neukirchen-Vluyn and Rheinberg. In 1998, Homberger Strasse in the inner city area was fundamentally redesigned in order to make it more attractive for shopping. In 2000 the city celebrated its 700th anniversary. On November 1, 2012, the reform of the regulation for license plate liberalization came into force, which allows you to re -register your motor vehicle with the license plate "MO" , which was no longer applicable after the regional reform on January 1, 1975 and the associated dissolution of the Moers district .
In 2019 and 2018 both Christian people's churches lost believers. Those who belong to another, non-public or no religious community at all increased from 42.9% at the beginning of 2018 to 43.9% at the end of 2018, to 44.9% at the end of 2019. United the Protestant Church at the beginning of 2018 was still 29.4% at the end of 2019 it was still 28.2% (- 2.2%). The Catholic Church had 27.7% members at the beginning of 2018 and 26.9% (- 1.8%) at the end of 2019.
The oldest church in the city was built in the 10th or 11th century. The oldest indirect evidence for this church is a document from 1230. In it a priest ( sacerdotes ) Gregorius de Moirse (Moers) confirms a lease as a witness. It was in front of the later walled city, where the small chapel is in the old cemetery on Rheinberger Strasse, and was called Bonifatiuskirche . The first settlement area was thus northeast of the current old town center. Moers initially belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne and was subordinate to the Archdiaconate Xanten.
The forerunner of the Evangelical City Church , the current Johanniskirche , was a 1363 by Count Dietrich VI. donated chapel. 1441 transferred Count Friedrich III. the order of the Carmelites took over the administration of this "Johannes-Evangelist-Kapelle" with the requirement to found a monastery. Around 1450 both the construction of the monastery buildings and the conversion of the chapel into the larger monastery church took place.
The Repelener Church is one of the oldest churches in the current urban area of Moers, and some historians believe that it dates back to the 7th century . The church in Repelen previously belonged to the Echternach monastery , later it belonged to Cologne. It is believed that Willibrord (686–754), the abbot of the Echternach monastery, had the church built. In 1176, the Archbishop of Cologne bequeathed it to the monastery winery in Xanten. The church is probably one of the 7 oldest churches in the Holy Roman Empire. In an old document from the year 855 it was stated that at "Reple" a wealthy and high-ranking nobleman Hattho gave the monastery Echternach a "villa", a manor house and all accessories: meadows, forests, water, mills etc. and 42 servants and a church consecrated by Willibrord himself. Various popes repeatedly confirmed this property to the Echternach monastery in the following centuries.
In 1561, Count Hermann von Neuenahr-Moers in Moers issued a reformed church order and introduced the Reformation . Under his successor Adolf von Neuenahr , a new Reformed Church Order was issued in 1581, which introduced Calvinism in the county. After that, Moers was a predominantly Protestant city for many centuries. The Reformed Confession was predominant . With the transition to Prussia, the Reformed community members were subordinate to the Prussian Reformed Consistory in Berlin and thus belonged to the Evangelical Church in Prussia (which was a United Church from 1817 ) and its Rhenish provincial church . Moers became the seat of a superintendent , from which later the parish of Moers emerged within the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . All Protestant and Reformed parishes in the city of Moers and the surrounding cities and communities belong to the parish of Moers .
In the Reformed Church in Asberg there is a remarkable artistic installation (woven "Bibel Carpet" made of various Bible editions cut into narrow strips) from the 1990s.
In addition to the Protestant parish of Moers (city center), there are other independent Protestant parishes in the following districts of the city of Moers: Asberg, Eick, Hochstraß, Kapellen, Meerbeck, Scherpenberg, Schwafheim and Utfort.
Only in the 18th century did Catholics from Silesia and Slovenia move to Moers. In 1773/74 they were able to build a provisional parish church near the castle (Marienheim / kindergarten). The St. Joseph's Church was consecrated until August 29, 1871st Until 1802 the Catholics belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne . After its dissolution, they came to the diocese of Aachen , which was, however, repealed in 1821/1825. Thus Moers came to the diocese of Münster in 1828 . Moers became the seat of a deanery that belongs to the Wesel district deanery within the Lower Rhine region.
In the city of Moers there have been two merged Catholic parishes since Whitsun 2008: The parish of St. Josef includes the parish districts of St. Bonifatius (Asberg) and St. Ludger (chapels). Since 2004 these parishes have already formed a parish community . In October 2010, the St. Markus branch church in Schwafheim, which belongs to the St. Bonifatius congregation, was given up for financial reasons. A health center was built on the church premises. The parish of St. Martinus (Repelen) includes the parish districts of St. Barbara (Meerbeck) with St. Lucia in Duisburg- Baerl , St. Ida (Eick-West), St. Konrad (Scherpenberg) and St. Marien (Hochstraß).
In addition to the Protestant and Catholic congregations, there are free churches in Moers , including an Evangelical Free Church Congregation of the Baptists , an Evangelical Free Church Congregation ( Christ Congregation ), which belongs to the Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden (BFP), the Evangelical Church of God and two Free Evangelicals Communities in Scherpenberg and Schwafheim.
The memory of the Jewish community in Moers, which was destroyed by the Holocaust, is preserved by the “Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation Moers” and the “Ramla-Moers Partnership Association” as part of the German-Israeli town twinning.
Due to the influx of guest workers since the 1960s, the city of Moers has a significant proportion of citizens of the Islamic faith. In the Meerbeck district, the “DITIB Turkish-Islamic Community of Moers-Meerbeck e. V. “in March 2009 the Kocatepe Mosque was completed and inaugurated. The simple building, oriented towards Mecca, fits into the local architecture, but is clearly recognizable as an Islamic building through a dome and the 19 meter high minaret tower. There are eight mosques in Moers: The DITIP central mosque is located in the Repelen district. The Kocatepe Mosque in Meerbeck is also managed by the umbrella organization DITIP. The umbrella organization VIKZ runs the Chapel Mosque in the Achterathsfeld district, the Meerbeck Mosque and the Repelen Mosque. The Masjid Al-Huda Mosque in the Repelen district, the Masjid Asunna mosque in the Scherpenberg district and the Masjid Omar Ibn El Khattab mosque in the Genend district are not under any umbrella organization.
On January 1, 1906, the communities of Hülsdonk, Hochstraß, Vinn, Asberg and Schwafheim, which until then belonged to the mayor's office of Moers, were incorporated into the city of Moers. In 1910 the community Repelen-Baerl was formed and renamed Rheinkamp in 1950. On January 1, 1975, the parishes of Kapellen and Rheinkamp were merged with the city of Moers as part of the second reorganization program . The district of Baerl of the previous municipality of Rheinkamp has been reclassified to the city of Duisburg. The population of the city of Moers exceeded the 100,000 limit, making Moers a major city, which was officially confirmed by the 1987 census . At the same time, the district of Moers was dissolved and merged with essential parts of the former districts of Dinslaken and Rees to form the new Lower Rhine district of Wesel . Wesel became the seat of the new district .
In 1920 Moers had 25,000 inhabitants, by 1965 this number had doubled to 50,000. With the incorporation of the towns of Rheinkamp (40,924 inhabitants 1974) and Kapellen (6,267 inhabitants 1974) on January 1, 1975, the population of Moers exceeded the limit of 100,000, making it a major city . In 2002 the population reached its historic high of 108,019. In 2004 the proportion of foreigners in the total population was around ten percent (10,674 people), according to the city administration. According to the 2011 census, 104,009 people (50,114 men and 53,895 women) had their main residence in Moers on May 9, 2011 . According to an update by the State Office for Information and Technology in North Rhine-Westphalia, there were 103,902 inhabitants on December 31, 2019 .
In Moers and its districts, “Platt” is (was) spoken in the respective local expression. Until after the Second World War, "Grafschafter Platt" was the colloquial language of a broad section of the population - now only a few people speak and understand the traditional dialects.
Moers is located in the Lower Franconian dialect area north of the so-called Benrath Line (with the maache-maake distinction), which separates the southern Middle Franconian (also called Ripuarian ) from the northern Lower Franconian .
Moers lies north of the Uerdinger dialect line , which comes from the Rhine and runs past Hüls via Kempen to Venlo. This Uerdinger line (called ek-ech border) delimits the southern Lower Franconian (which is spoken in Uerdingen Oedingsch and Krefeld Krieewelsch ) from the northern Lower Franconian , which with local differences in the Krefeld district of Hüls (see Hölsch Plott ) and Kempen, as well as in the greater area to the north Moers, in the districts of Kleve and Wesel as well as Duisburg and Mülheim-Ruhr is spoken.
The Grafschafter Platt shows a different expression in the individual places belonging to the former Grafschaft Moers, so that, for example, Moerser, Repelner, Friemersheimer or Vluyner Plattsprecher can differ in their pronunciation.
One of the main features of the northern Lower Franconian counting Grafschafter Platt is the pronunciation of the Personalpronomenes "I" as "ek" (or similar), being spoken in the south of the Lower Rhine as "ech". The word “also” is pronounced differently, namely as “ook” in the Moers area and as “ooch” in the south. The verb “have” is also spoken differently: in Grafschafter Platt it is called “ek häbb”. Further south it says “ech han”.
Although the dialect is on the decline, Platt is cultivated at carnival, dialect evenings and in clubs. There is a rich local vernacular literature. The books by
- Georg Kreischer u. a .: Op Platt falls behind on opgeschrewen. (Edition 2001)
- Katherine Specht: May cherries - memories of a Kapellen peasant woman. (Edition 1991, Rheinland Verlag Cologne)
- Gottfried Krach u. a .: Min Modersprok. (Edition 1977, Steiger Verlag Moers)
The first stanza of the poem Änne Grafschafter is quoted from the latter :
- Ek bön änne Grafschafter von Hatt on Gemüt - änne Grafschafter möt Liew on möt Läwen
- ännen real Grafschafter von Kopp bes tu Fugt - on as Grafschafter well ek mech gäven
- Ek word here gebooren op et Buure Land - on Grafschafter sin Moder on Vader
- gewigg hät megg en Grafschafter hand - gedöpp mätt Grafschafter Water ...
Mayors and city directors
From 1300 to 1795 the mayor , the lay judges and the council were at the head of the city of Moers . The population was able to influence the council through so-called "common people". In French times the mayor was also president of the canton of Moers. From 1815 mayors and city councilors were elected according to the Prussian order.
The agile Fritz Eckert managed to keep his office from the Imperial Era through the Weimar Republic to National Socialism. Then the mayor from the ranks of the NSDAP was appointed by the National Socialists . After the Second World War , the military government of the British Occupation Zone appointed a new mayor and in 1946 it introduced the local constitution based on the British model. Then there was a “city council” elected by the people, whose members are known as “city councilors”. The council initially elected the mayor from among its members as chairman and representative of the city, who was active on a voluntary basis. Furthermore, from 1946 the council also elected a full-time city director as head of the city administration. In 1999 the dual leadership in the city administration was given up. Since then there has only been the full-time mayor. He is chairman of the council, head of the city administration and representative of the city. He was elected directly by the citizens for the first time in 1999. The first directly elected mayor was Rafael Hofmann ( CDU ).
Mayor since 1815
City directors 1946–1999
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||20th|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||19th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||5|
|Free Democratic Party||3|
The city of Moers has a budget in 2009 with a total expenditure of 232 million euros. With earnings of 222 million euros, there is a deficit of 10.0 million euros, which is offset by reducing the equalization reserve. The facilities with the highest net household use are schools (€ 19 million), kindergartens and playgrounds (10) and street entertainment (7). This is followed by the fire brigade (5), child and youth work (3), and parks and gardens (3). Interest burden the budget with 15 million euros. In the areas of urban drainage and cemeteries, the city expects positive contributions to the budget.
According to Spiegel, the debts of the municipality of Moers amounted to 491 million euros as of December 31, 2010. a. can be attributed to larger investments in the past few years, for example the construction of a new education center and town hall worth 60 million euros. At the end of 2012, the debt had already risen to 590 million euros.
Coat of arms, banner, seal and logo
Blazon : "Split of silver (white) and gold (yellow), in front a red tin tower with an open black portico, behind a black bar."
It is the old coat of arms of the former city of Moers before the regional reform. The tower stands for the castle from which today's castle developed and which thus symbolizes the former residential town of the County of Moers . The golden shield with the black bar was the symbol of the Lords of Moers, who called themselves Counts of Moers from around 1250 to 1300. This coat of arms appears in the oldest known town and aldermen seals of Moers as a small label behind the tin tower, the symbol for the fortified town. The city's coat of arms has been used in its current representation since around 1500.
Description of the banner: "The banner of the city of Moers has a black and a yellow half striped vertically lengthways and shows the city arms in the middle of the upper half."
Description of the seal: The official seal of the city of Moers is similar in shape and size to the seal attached to the main statute. "Inscription above:" STADT "- inscription below:" MOERS "- seal image: Split, in front a black tin tower with an open black portcullis, behind a black bar."
The city of Moers maintains seven city partnerships , most of which arose on the initiative of the citizens for very different reasons.
- The starting point of the first partnership with Maisons-Alfort , France , was a school trip of the Adolfinum in 1959 under the direction of Karl Rendenbach. The year before, he had met a group of young French Christians from the Alfort district at an international meeting of Pax Christi in Kamp-Lintfort . The first return visit from France took place in 1961, whereupon Rendenbach again led a group of the Moers Youth Film Club, which he founded, to France in 1962. The mayors first met in France in 1964. Meanwhile, sports clubs were involved in the encounters. Finally, on April 10, 1964, the partnership certificate was signed in Maisons-Alfort.
- The initiation of the second French partnership in Bapaume was carried out by the then still independent municipality of Kapellen. The initiative came from Bapaume when a trade union secretary, the trade teacher Guy Pollet, attended a meeting in Moers in 1973. Because the exchange was to be wrapped up before the municipal reorganization (1975), the resolutions in the municipal councils were passed quickly and the partnership documents were signed on November 25, 1974. The first exchange for 15 young people did not take place until the turn of the year 1975/76. The French return visit was made by a brass orchestra with 168 participants.
- Because the city council wanted to create an exchange opportunity for pupils in secondary schools where only English was taught, they sought a partnership with a city in Great Britain. A similar interest existed in Knowsley , United Kingdom , where the English embassy in Bonn learned of the German interest and made contact. On the German side, the driving force behind the partnership was the councilor Greschus, who is responsible for school matters. The certificate for the partnership is dated April 26, 1980. All types of schools up to special schools are included in the exchange.
- The partnership with Ramla , Israel , had its first impulse when the religious teacher Heinz Walther from the commercial vocational schools Moers (Mercator Kolleg) visited the SOS Children's Village in Bethlehem in 1974. This encouraged the school to take on a sponsorship. Advent a bazaar that involved the entire school community and brought in significant donations. This gave rise to the idea of organizing school trips to Israel. The Mayor of Moers, Wilhelm Brunswick, who came to Ramla for the first time in 1985, was invited on several reciprocal visits. Ramla, twin town since June 4, 1984, not only provides an impetus to deal with German history, but also encourages occupation with the Middle East conflict . Especially since both Jewish and Muslim citizens are involved in the exchange on the Israeli side.
- Rather unplanned originated in touch with La Trinidad , Nicaragua , as a result of starting a Nicaragua working group-Moers in 1984 in the premises of the YMCA , participated in the 19 initiative groups were getting the better of the threat to the country by the Contra War turned . Donations were collected and brought to Nicaragua. In 1985/86 the German delegation got in touch with a German doctor in La Trinidad. Contact was initially maintained through the initiative. The city of Moers only reacted to a signature campaign led by pastor Erich Vowe, former mayor Albin Neuse and the artistic director of the small Moers city theater Holk Freytag . The partnership was finally sealed on September 15, 1989. Due to the distance, the exchange takes place only with small delegations, but a number of initiatives in development cooperation have emerged in Moers that have led to further personal references and continuous commitment.
- The partnership with Seelow , Brandenburg , is the youngest according to the date of the partnership agreement of February 28, 1990, and the oldest in terms of personal relationships. As early as 1949, on the initiative of the Evangelical Church, a partnership was established between the church districts, which was filled out at community level and actively filled out on both sides after the wall was built. Jürgen Schmude and Nikolaus Schneider , among others, were involved in this . After the fall of the wall, this relationship was further developed at the level of the cities and various associations.
- Since August 2019 there has been another partnership with the municipality of Sant'Anna di Stazzema in Italy. Her main concern is to remind people of the atrocities committed by German soldiers during World War II.
The importance of town twinning for openness and international understanding is not only great in the contacts to Ramla and La Trinidad. The willingness to overcome old wounds is particularly evident in the two French mayors who were in office when the partnerships were concluded. Maurice Hévette from Maisons-Alfort had lost an arm in the war and the father of Henri Guidet, after whom the district center in Kapellen was named in 1986, had died in a German concentration camp.
Culture and sights
Theater, music and museums
- The Schlosstheater Moers , the theater in Moerser Schloss, is one of the smallest urban theaters in Germany. Thanks to modern staging, it has earned a good reputation nationwide.
- The Lower Rhine Chamber Orchestra Moers, founded in 1967, offers concerts in the castle courtyard (“Castle Courtyard Serenade”) and in the concert hall of the music school.
- The Grafschafter Museum for History and Folk Art, founded in 1908, is also located in the castle. In addition to a permanent exhibition on local history, the museum has a large collection of dollhouses. In addition, there are regular temporary exhibitions.
- The Moers Music School, which has existed since 1968, teaches around 1,800 students from pre-school to retirement age. The Moers music school and other artists organize concerts in the former Martinstift .
- The municipal gallery in the Peschkenhaus , which was operated by the city from 1972 to 2002 , was no longer to be continued for cost reasons. As a result, a private initiative was formed that founded a civil stock corporation. This acquired the building and the Peschkenhaus gallery is now being continued on a private basis. In particular, contemporary art from the region is shown.
- TIM, the Moers children's and youth theater, which has existed since 1979, is based on a private initiative. It has a permanent venue in the Geschwister-Scholl-Gesamtschule.
- The Rhenish mining route as part of the Industrial Heritage Trail leads through Moers with the stations pit Pattberg , stockpile Pattberg , pit Rhine Prussia 4 , pit Rhine Prussia 5/9 , Eurotec technology park , stockpile Rheinpreußen and colony Meerbeck .
- The Moerser Castle is the landmark of the city. The monument to Electress Luise Henriette von Brandenburg , which was created in 1904, stands in front of the palace .
- The outer ramparts remaining from the former Moers fortress still extend around the entire city center and delimit the castle park , which serves the city as a central recreational area.
- The Evangelical City Church was built by Carmelites as a monastery church in 1448 . The newly added tower dates from 1890.
- The Catholic Church of St. Joseph was built in 1871 in neo-Gothic style. In the choir there is a baroque group of figures on the Visitation of the Virgin Mary. Opposite is the city's first Catholic church from 1778.
- The tower of the old town hall, which was only built in 1952, is intended to be a reminder of the Mattorn, the last city gate that was demolished in 1907.
- The "New Town Hall", located by the city park, is popularly referred to as a glass palace because of its facade and was originally the seat of the district administration of the former district of Moers. The city of Moers has commissioned a new town hall with an adjacent cultural and educational center (Kubiz) on the basis of a public-private partnership (PPP) contract and commissioned a company to finance, build and then close for 23 years operate. The contract volume is around EUR 150 million. (Reopening March 23, 2012). The construction measures included the new construction of the town hall, the renovation of the existing listed town hall building and the construction of a new culture and education center including a library, adult education center and culture office.
- The Peschkenhaus , built at the end of the 15th century , on Neumarkt opposite the town church, received its classicist facade around 1800.
- The district house built in 1898 in the style of the German Renaissance, which was later used as a district office and was then the seat of the adult education center until the beginning of the 2010s.
- The district court was established in the years 1911–1913 in the former gardens of the Protestant parish.
- The shaft IV of the bill Rhine Prussia was restored after the closure of the plant 1990th Today there is a mining museum there.
- The Meerbeck colony , a miners' settlement built around 1910 for 10,000 people, was redeveloped in the 80s and is now a sought-after residential area. A stroll through the streets lined with Japanese cherries when the trees are in bloom is particularly attractive.
- Lauersfort Castle in Holderberg, a moated castle from the 15th century that originally belonged to the Werden monastery, and the Peterhof from the 19th century are still used privately.
- The Evangelical Church of Kapellen was built in 1561 when the Reformation was introduced by expanding the original Ludgeri Chapel. The Gothic choir dates from the 15th century.
- The Evangelical Church of Repelen, the oldest church in the Moers area, dates back to 700 ; the current church, however, is part of a Romanesque basilica from the 12th century with a Gothic choir from the 14th century.
- The house "Rösgen" from 1677 serves as a restaurant.
- The Martinstift (seat of the Moers Music School), which was built on Gut Fild from 1841, is an ensemble of three buildings in the classical style.
- The Aumühle , a watermill on the edge of the amusement park, mentioned in a document as early as 1600
- The Vredenhof, a former farm built in the classic Lower Rhine architectural style, serves as a training center for the building trade.
- 163 meter high telecommunications tower ("Moersi") of type FMT 13 (tallest structure in Moers)
In 2009 the city marketing company of the city of Moers, MoersMarketing GmbH, started work. The main tasks of the company are event management, operation of the citizen and tourist information and marketing of the tourist offers of the city of Moers. The municipal company operates the Moers city portal.
The Moers station is approximately 1 km to the east from the city center, located on the Lower Rhine route on which the regional train "of the Lower Rhine" (RB 31) Xanten - Moers - Duisburg wrong. Lower Rhine route , on which the regional train "Der Niederrheiner" (RB 31) Kamp-Lintfort Süd Landesgartenschau 2020 - Moers - Duisburg runs on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays. Regional express "Fossa-Emscher-Express" (RE44) Moers - Duisburg - Oberhausen - Bottrop runs Monday-Friday. The rail transport of which is performed NordWestBahn (NWB), the diesel railcar type LINT 41 used in single and double traction.
The lines of the former Moerser Kreisbahn , owned by NIAG , begin below the Moers train station . On the route to the Rhine port of Orsoy , which continues to Rheinberg , several freight trains run daily, mainly with coal and ore . From May to October, special rail bus trips are offered on this route . On the route between Moers and Neukirchen-Vluyn , which originally extended to Hoerstgen - Sevelen , after the Niederberg mine in Neukirchen-Vluyn was closed in 2001, sporadic passenger trips to Vluyn were carried out in 2007 and 2008 . The Moers – Vluyn section was officially reactivated for freight traffic in April 2008.
The passenger road transport is mainly from the Rhenus Veniro belonging group NIAG performed, and includes the space Moers with neighboring cities Rheinberg , Kamp-Lintfort , Neukirchen and the west of the Rhine Areas of Duisburg ( Baerl , Homberg and Rheinhausen ). The city express bus SB 30 connects the cities of Geldern , Kamp-Lintfort, Moers and Duisburg . The express bus line SB 80, which was set up in December 2010, runs from Moers, Königlicher Hof to Krefeld- Uerdingen, Am Röttgen via Uerdingen , Bahnhof. It replaces the previous line 831 of the Rheinbahn , which only runs from Meerbusch to Krefeld-Uerdingen. Moers is connected to Krefeld by line 052 of the SWK . There is a connection to the Netherlands with the NIAG line 929, which is extended three times a day Monday to Friday and twice a day via its end point in Neukirchen-Vluyn to Venlo .
The Moers trolleybus served the city and the surrounding area until 1968, replacing the region's tram network that existed until the mid-1950s. Line 12, coming from Krefeld, was the only tram line to survive until 1963 .
Moers is connected to the trunk road network by the federal highways 40 ( E 34 ), 42 and 57 ( E 31 ). A motorway police station from 1973 was located at the Moers motorway junction. This was demolished in mid-2010. The motorway police are now working in the renovated building on Venloer Straße.
The city is on the German-Dutch holiday route Oranier Route .
The city's cycle path network covers around 140 kilometers. Moers would like to become a “bike-friendly city” in North Rhine-Westphalia and therefore hired a bicycle officer in 2008 - as requested by the Working Group of Bike-Friendly Cities, Municipalities and Counties in North Rhine-Westphalia ( AGFS ). The inner city of Moers is partially poorly developed for cyclists, so that some bottlenecks pose a risk for cyclists. The surrounding districts, on the other hand, are mostly well connected to the center by bike paths. There are a number of scenic cycle paths in Moers, such as the Grafschafter cycle and hiking trail on the route of the former Moers-Krefeld district railway and the hiking trail along the Moersbach, which extends from Schwafheim to Repelen. There are sections of the NiederRheinroute and Niederrheinweg in Moers city area .
Until the end of the 18th century, many residents of Moers were still active in agriculture as cattle breeders or cultivated vegetables and grain in the fields in front of the city. In addition to various administrative staff, another proportion of the residents in the city of Moers worked as craftsmen. These produced almost exclusively for local needs. The craftsmen were organized in guilds. The oldest "official or guild letter" that can be traced in Moers dates from 1453 and concerns the shoemaker. Verifiable guilds around 1750 were: bakers, joiners, carpenters together with turners and glaziers, thread and line weavers and blacksmiths. In addition to the organized craftsmen, there were masters who operated their trade without a guild. This included beer brewers, grain and brandy distillers and goldsmiths.
The products were mainly sold on the city markets in Moers, which were approved by the authorities. These weekly markets were allowed to be held one day a week. In addition to these market days, there were a few days in the year on which annual markets were approved. An additional trade in textiles beyond the city limits began at the beginning of the 19th century, when the French lifted the privileges that had hindered trade. The cotton weavers in particular were able to increase their production significantly. The cotton mill founded by Friedrich Wintgens in 1803 was particularly successful here. As early as 1807, the company employed 100 workers on 20 spinning machines, eight scraping machines and two twisting mills.
After the French withdrew in 1814, the economy stagnated in Moers, as in the entire Rhineland. The famine of 1818/1819 made things even worse. After 1830, the economic environment slowly began to improve, as the conditions for trade in Prussia and thus in the Rhine Province improved significantly through customs simplifications and free shipping on the Rhine. However, from the mid-1840s onwards, both the famine of 1846/1847 and political unrest - the 1848/1849 uprising - led to another slump in the demand for goods.
From the mid-1850s, the economic situation began to improve again, which led to renewed growth. For example, the number of workers at Wintgens rose to 215 in 1855. This increase lasted, with brief interruptions, until the First World War . The focus was initially unchanged on the textile industry, which only lost its top position at the end of the 19th century. It was replaced by mechanical engineering in the 1890s and by the construction industry and above all by mining at the beginning of the 20th century.
Both mechanical engineering and the construction industry were required for the new construction of hard coal mines and their operation in the area of the left Lower Rhine. Although the first coal mines were opened in Homberg and thus outside Moers from 1876, further shafts of the Rheinpreußen colliery followed in Hochstraß and Utfort and thus in the area of the city as early as 1900 . Due to the mining industry and its need for employees, there was a strong immigration of the population into the greater Moers area. The peak of coal production was reached by the 1960s and then declined more and more as the "coal crisis" began.
After the last mine was closed in 2001, many citizens of Moers were employed in the mines in Kamp-Lintfort and Walsum until December 2012, when coal mining on the left Lower Rhine came to an end . Nevertheless, the unemployment rate rose significantly. In December 2008 it was 6.4% (2007: 7.7%) and thus below the national average of 8.1% (8.6%). The city of Moers tried to counteract this with the establishment of an additional industrial park after the turn of the millennium, the Eurotec Technologiepark, on the site of the former Rheinpreussen 5/9 mine . After the withdrawal of mining, the commercial economy in Moers is structured as a medium-sized company with companies from various industries with fewer than 500 employees each. The focus is on services and trade. The following are to be mentioned in particular:
- Headquarters of Edeka Rhein-Ruhr
- Ineos Solvents Germany GmbH (petrochemical plant in Meerbeck)
- Dr. Oetker Werk: Onken (dairy products)
- Braun fashion house as the largest retail company in downtown Moers with over 400 employees
- Schleupen AG (IT)
- Peters corrugated cardboard
- Maas construction company
- WAB Niederrhein GmbH (security service provider with affiliated DATA depot Moers)
- Minrath car dealership with numerous branches and the Lower Rhine Porsche Center
- Niederrhein-Gold Tersteegen KG (COPEO juices)
- HDM GmbH (Holz Dammers Moers)
- Vossloh Locomotives GmbH
- ContiTech Transportbandsysteme GmbH , Moers plant
In addition, there are public-sector companies with regional importance:
- Niederrheinische Verkehrsbetriebe AG (NIAG)
- Sparkasse on the Lower Rhine
- ENNI group of companies
- Bethanien and St. Josef hospitals
The Neue Ruhr / Neue Rhein Zeitung (NRZ), the Rheinische Post and the Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) report on Moers . WAZ and NRZ publish a joint local section. There are also local advertising journals such as the weekly magazine on Wednesday and Stadt-Panorama on Sunday . The traffic and homeland association Moers e. V. publishes the Moers month monthly .
Tele and media services
The city has a wide range of general and vocational schools.
- Gymnasiums : Grafschafter Gymnasium Moers, Gymnasium Adolfinum , Gymnasium in den Filder Benden , Gymnasium Rheinkamp Europaschule Moers
- Realschulen : Heinrich-Pattberg-Realschule and Städt. Realschule, school center at Jungbornpark
- Secondary schools : Justus-von-Liebig-Schule and Städt. Community secondary school, school center at Jungbornpark
- Special schools : Albert Schweitzer School, special school with a special focus on learning (primary level and secondary level) and language (primary level), Hans-Lenhard School, special school with special focus on social and emotional development (primary level and secondary level), Hilda Heinemann School, Special school with a special focus on intellectual development
- Comprehensive schools : Anne Frank comprehensive school Rheinkamp, Geschwister Scholl comprehensive school, Hermann Runge comprehensive school
- Vocational colleges : Vocational college for technology, Hermann Gmeiner vocational college, Mercator vocational college and the Moers school department of the vocational college west of TÜV NORD College GmbH as a private provider
- Library Moers with 2 branches in Repelen and chapels
- Community College
- Moers music school in the Martinstift
On July 1, 1850, the Moers volunteer fire brigade was founded according to a document from today's Ministry of the Interior of North Rhine-Westphalia . 1978 was firefighters Moers upgraded to a volunteer fire department with full-time staff, which had its main fire first at the south ring. In 1983 the construction of a new central fire and rescue station at Am Jostenhof was commissioned, which was handed over to its destination in 1985. In addition to around 100 full-time employees who ensure fire protection and rescue services in day and shift work, there are around 270 honorary members who support the full-time workers in around 900 missions per year.
In addition to the full-time workers at the fire and rescue station, there are also seven fire engines in Moers with volunteers from the volunteer fire brigades, which are spread across six locations, as well as the youth fire brigade . The fleet of the Moers fire brigade has over 50 vehicles, which are distributed across the various locations in the city. Most of the vehicles are at the fire and rescue station in Hülsdonk.
The ambulance service of the city of Moers is ensured on the one hand by its own ambulance service, which is carried out with three ambulances and an ambulance vehicle in 24-hour service, as well as an ambulance in 12-hour service. The emergency doctor is provided by the Bethanien Hospital and the St. Josef Hospital on a weekly basis. The area of operation of the rescue service extends beyond the city limits to Neukirchen-Vluyn, Rheurdt and Duisburg-Baerl. The aid organizations German Red Cross , Malteser Hilfsdienst and Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe take on rescue missions and patient transport in the city area. In addition, other aid organizations such as the German Life-Rescue Society and the Technical Aid Organization have task forces in Moers.
The radio amateurs of the Moers amateur radio associations participate in the international amateur radio service with emergency radio exercises (so-called field days ) on the Pattberg dump . Here the radio amateurs practice and experiment with radio technology under emergency radio conditions in order to be able to support the population and authorities in the event of a failure of communication technology. Twice a year Young Helpers on the Air - YHOTA amateur radio field days for youth fire brigade and THW youth are offered on the Pattberg dump. (Emergency radio project, Wesel district)
The Moers-Kapellen correctional facility is an open prison facility in the Kapellen district. The former court prison and later detention center Moers in downtown Moers has been closed since 2005. The library, city archive, adult education center and cultural office of the city of Moers have been housed in the Hanns-Dieter-Hüsch education center since 2010.
A nationally known sports club is Moerser SC . The team plays in the first men's volleyball division . The MSC is a two-time German Cup winner (1991, 1993), won the German championship in 1992 and became the first German European Cup winner (CEV Cup) in 1990.
The women's tennis team at TC Moers 08 won the German championship in 2004. The members of the athletics and hockey department of Moerser TV von 1850 regularly celebrate national successes.
The fencing club Moers 1950 is known far beyond the borders of the city of Moers for its very successful youth work in women's and men's floret fencing . In particular, the club and national trainer (youth division men's floret) Herbert Wagner is a successful young talent. The national and international very successful foil fencers Martha and Monika Golebiewski came from the talent promotion of the fencing club Moers. David Hausmann, 1999 Junior World Champion in men's floret, took part in the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney. Benjamin Kleibrink , gold medalist at the 2008 Olympic Games, was active for the Moers fencing club from 1999 to 2003.
The TV Asberg 1897 offers a wide range of youth sports in the football, handball, kung-fu and fistball departments.
With around 1400 members, the Free Swimmers Rheinkamp 1927 offer competitive and popular sports.
The TV Kapellen 1919 e. V. offers a wide range of sports activities with around 1,100 members.
Another traditional club is VfL 08 Repelen with the departments of athletics, badminton, popular sports, soccer, rehabilitation and disabled sports, Shaolin-Kempo, gymnastics. Iris Orwat (née Scholten) was trained in the Shaolin Kempo children's department. She was honored as the European Daoshu (broadsword) champion at the European Championships of the European Wushu Federation (EWUF) in Portugal in 2002 and was therefore honored as Sportswoman of the Year by the city of Moers.
The city's most successful football club at the moment is GSV Moers , which plays in the Lower Rhine regional league, Group 3 in the 10/11 season. The former top division club MSV Moers currently only plays in the district league A.
The largest shooting club is the Moers Vinn shooting club in 1903 . In 1989 he managed, among other things, the entry in the Guinness Book of Records (24 hours marathon shooting with the air pistol) and in the air pistol area they became multiple German champions. The association is not only committed to shooting sports, but also successfully provides district-related activities such as the annual Martinszug in Moers Vinn (Largest Martinszug in Moers). As a highlight, SV Moers Vinn received the sports badge from the Federal President in 2003 as an award for the services to the maintenance and development of sport acquired over many years.
The Rock 'n' Roll Club 22/11 Moers , which made the German runner-up in 2005, offers first-class sport .
- Christian-Jewish Society, Moers
- The Carnation Saturday Parade, the foolish carnival parade since 1959, moves annually from Homberg via Homberger Straße to downtown Moers and is a popular addition to the carnival meetings that take place in many places.
- The Moerser Jazz Festival , or Moers Festival for short , with several thousand visitors has taken place every year over Whitsun in the amusement park since 1972 and with its often experimental music has earned a significant place in the global jazz scene. The event has been taking place in the festival hall of the city of Moers since 2014, as the city no longer wanted to cover the costs of cleaning the park after the festival.
- The Moers International Brass Festival has existed since 1994 , at which internationally renowned artists from this field perform, there is a high-quality competition for quintets and master classes are held by the artists.
- The Moerser Kirmes takes place on the first weekend in September on Friedrich-Ebert-Platz, Neumarkt and in the city center. It took place for the first time in 1849; it is now a major event with more than half a million visitors.
- The park festival has been held every two years since 1957 in the castle park , which is picturesquely illuminated with lanterns for this occasion . At the event, which was held for the first time in 2005 under private management, many very different groups play on seven stages, traditionally ending with a large fireworks display.
- The kite festival is popular fun in autumn, which initially takes place on the Pattberg dump and since 2009 on the Rheinpreußen dump .
- The Christmas market on the fort square has been attracting many visitors from Moers and the wider region since 1976.
- The Moerser Schlossparklauf (since 1977) over ten kilometers is the largest running event in the city with around 1500 participants. The organizer is Moerser TV.
- The International Comedy Arts Festival has been organized by the youth culture center "Die Volksschule" since the early 1990s and takes place annually in August on the fort square and in the city center. It is one of the leading genre festivals in Europe and, with its founding as a Folk & Fool Festival in 1976, is also the oldest of its kind in Germany.
- Since 1993 there has been the Penguin Days , a theater series for children and young people who promote tolerance and peaceful coexistence in response to xenophobia. Several productions can be seen, including by the ensemble of the Schlosstheater, the TiM, and external theaters.
- Since 1997 Christian Behrens and Thomas Hunsmann have formed an integral part of Moers cultural life with their small art theater Kleine Welten . Funny word games and fine poetry, paired with artful music result in a varied program.
- The Enni Ballon Festival in the city park has been held since 2001. National and international balloon teams can be found there. The highlight is the evening balloon glow Night of the Balloons .
- In 2005–2015 there was ten Freefall Festival with rock music from the region, (most recently) 3 days "Free and Outside" in the city park for listeners aged 14 to 45. The festival was organized on a voluntary basis by a large team of volunteers. The organizer was Freefall Kulturförderung e. V. in cooperation with various institutions, such as the children and youth office of the city of Moers. The Freefall Festival was awarded the honorary prize of the honorary office fund 2008 by District Administrator Ansgar Müller and the Lower Rhine and German Citizens' Prize in 2012.
- The Rock-it Festival has taken place once a year since 2008 . The festival is also organized and carried out by a volunteer team. Since 2013 the festival has been taking place in the "Bollwerk 107" cultural center. The founders of the festival are Hans Lietz and Christopher Schmidt, two former students of the Grafschafter Gymnasium, the former venue of the festival.
- Since 2009, the Summer Soul am See has been taking place on the second Saturday in August in the Moers-Kapellen district . With free admission there is national and international soul.
- The SpontanFilmFestival has existed since 2008, which was founded by Andreas Dzialocha and has been organized by the Moers City Children's and Youth Office for several years. Teenagers and young adults shoot short films on a given topic in 24 hours. These are then presented to the public.
The city of Moers has granted the following people honorary citizenship (chronological list by year of award):
- 1859: Friedrich Freiherr von Diergardt , industrialist
- 1895: Otto von Bismarck , Reich Chancellor
- 1904: John von Haniel , District Administrator
- 1952: Jakob Schroer , landowner
- 1956: Johann Stegmann, former mayor of Rheinkamp
- 1972: Albin Neuse, mayor
- 1995: Hanns Dieter Hüsch , cabaret artist
sons and daughters of the town
The following people were born in Moers:
- 1640 (baptized November 23), Hermann Crusius (also Cruse), † April 11, 1693 in Moers, writer and teacher
- 1697, November 25, Gerhard Tersteegen , † April 3, 1769 in Mülheim an der Ruhr, lay preacher, mystic and poet ( I pray to the power of love )
- 1719, Jost Friedrich Ludwig von Stechow , † September 1, 1760 in Breslau, Prussian lieutenant colonel
- 1761, March 18, Eberhard van Spankeren , † February 21, 1840 in Eupen, Protestant clergyman
- 1795, March 25, Friedrich von Diergardt , † May 3, 1869, industrialist and silk manufacturer
- 1796, Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher , † December 10, 1868 in Potsdam, pastor
- 1798, May 7, Emil Wilhelm Krummacher , † January 14, 1886 in Bonn, pastor; belonged to the Lower Rhine awakening movement
- 1833, June 4, Franz Michael Zahn , † March 5, 1900 in Bremen, Protestant theologian and inspector of the North German Mission Society
- 1838, October 10, Theodor Zahn , † March 5, 1933 in Erlangen, Protestant theologian
- 1868, July 21, Heinrich Vielhaber , † October 29, 1940 in Essen, member of the Provincial Parliament, lawyer, board member of several companies
- 1869, January 17, Georg Perthes , † January 3, 1927 in Arosa , surgeon and radiologist ( Perthes disease )
- 1875, January 21, Karl Hermann Zipp , † March 19, 1940 in Potsdam, electrical engineer
- 1895, April 3, Werner Heynen , † June 2, 1969 in Heidenheim an der Brenz, National Socialist German weapons developer and armaments manager
- 1900, January 20, Karl Bubenzer , † November 12, 1975 in Rheinberg, NSDAP district leader, district administrator and deputy Reich veterinarian leader
- 1900, April 23, Herrmann Rudolf Bäcker , † March 23, 1944 as an officer in World War II, professor of philosophy at the Pedagogical Academy in Dortmund
- 1913, February 24, Henryk Keisch , July 2, 1986 in East Berlin, writer, screenwriter, Secretary General of the PEN Center of the GDR
- 1915, March 23, Lotte Adolphs , German educator
- 1916, April 3, Karl Terheyden , † April 8, 1995 in Bremerhaven, captain and nautical instructor,
- 1918, May 16, Johannes Cremerius , † March 15, 2002 in Freiburg im Breisgau, psychoanalyst and champion of psychosomatic medicine and interdisciplinarity
- 1921, July 2, Hans-Georg Lenzen , † July 21, 2014, professor of design, children's book author ( Uncle Tobi ), illustrator and translator
- 1921, October 5, Johann Atrops , † May 26, 2001, founding rector of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences
- 1923, March 30, Edith Biewend , † February 2005, writer
- 1923, March 30, Walter Niephaus , † November 2, 1992 in Andernach, chess player
- 1925, May 6, Hanns Dieter Hüsch , † December 6, 2005 in Windeck-Werfen near Cologne, cabaret artist, writer
- 1929, January 24, Schwabinger Gisela , † July 25, 2014, chanson singer and innkeeper in Munich
- 1929, July 31, Werner Röhrich , † November 22, 2003, politician and honorary district administrator of the Wesel district
- 1934, June 13, Gralf-Edzard Habben , † May 3, 2018, set designer
- 1935, March 28th, Hubert Hahne , racing car driver
- 1939, May 7th, Heiner Faulenbach , Protestant university professor
- 1942, July 28th, Günter Krivec , German athlete, first Moers Olympic participant, pharmacist, entrepreneur
- 1946, Burkhard Hennen , organizer of jazz festivals and jazz producer
- 1948, February 5, Klaus Theo Schröder , † February 12, 2012, State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Health
- 1950, March 22nd, Herman Weigel , film producer and screenwriter
- 1950, Hermann Kaienburg , historian and research assistant at the Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial
- 1950, January 25, Rafael Hofmann , lawyer and local politician
- 1950, October 2, Ralph Schicha , actor
- 1952, January 24, Siegmund Ehrmann , politician (SPD)
- 1953, Gerhard Vowe , political scientist
- 1953, July 4th, Rolf Giesen , film scholar, film journalist and non-fiction author
- 1955, February 10, Ulrich Schmissat , actor and director
- 1956, May 24th, Christoph Antweiler , Professor of Ethnology
- 1956, July 11, Jürgen Renn , physicist and science historian
- 1956, August 31, Danny Dziuk , musician
- 1958, July 21, Helga Trüpel , politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- 1959, November 7th, Petra Platen , handball player, professor of sports medicine and sports nutrition
- 1960, October 12, Jürgen Fleck , chess player, author and composer
- 1961, October 10, Michael Ringel , journalist and author
- 1962, September 27th, Jörg van Ommen , racing car driver
- 1963, July 30, Uwe Träger, theologian, author
- 1964, February 27, Michael Terwiesche , politician (FDP)
- 1966, May 12, Friedhelm Hoffmann , Egyptologist
- 1967, Antje Schmidt , film, television and theater actress
- 1969, January 23, Detlef Steves , reality TV personality
- 1970, August 24th, Stephan Passlack , football player
- 1978, June 19, Sonja Finck , literary translator in Canada
- 1979, May 5th, Markus Grimm , singer
- 1979, Jörg-Philipp Thomsa , museum director
- 1981, September 16, Martin Ziaja , musician
- 1982, July 2, Timo Wess , national hockey player
- 1982, July 6th, Christian Ehrhoff , national ice hockey player
- 1983, July 16, Dirk Mädrich , basketball player
- 1985, July 28, Benjamin Wess , national hockey player
- 1986, March 2nd, Jennifer Oster , soccer player
- 1986, March 15, Durmuş Bayram , football player
- 1989, February 5th, Robin Himmelmann , soccer goalkeeper
- 1989, March 8th, Denis Hartwig , YouTuber
- 1991, July 5th, Mike Schulz , handball player
- 1991, July 9th, Lisa Vitting , swimmer
- 1991, September 15, Phil Ofosu-Ayeh , football player
- 1992, April 14th, Gülhiye Cengiz , soccer player
- 1993, July 14th, Lars Wilmsen , volleyball player
- 1994, June 20, Timon Krause , mentalist
- 1995, March 3, Maximilian Dittgen , soccer player
- 1995, May 24th, Sahan Aybay , professional boxer
- 1996, August 9, Ahmet Engin , football player
- 1998, July 20, Erik Buschmann , ice hockey player
Personalities related to Moers
- Rudolf Apostel (* 1932), miner, council member and member of the state parliament for the SPD
- Ernst Bollmann (1899–1974), sales representative, district administrator and district leader of the NSDAP
- Adolph Diesterweg (1790–1866), educator
- Ludwig Erk (1807–1883), music teacher and composer
- Johann Esser (1896–1971), poet and trade unionist
- Holk Freytag (* 1943), dramaturge, director and artistic director
- Adolf Ludwig Hanckwitz (1808–1869), German teacher, gymnast and politician
- Burkhard Hennen (* 1946), long-time director of the Moers Festival
- Benjamin Kleibrink (* 1985), foil fencer
- Heinz Kremers (1926–1988), Protestant theologian and professor of theology
- Alfred Lemmnitz (1905–1994), Minister for Popular Education of the GDR
- Wilhelm Müller (1912–1990), resistance fighter and Buddhist social activist
- Otto Ottsen (1869–1954), teacher at the Moers seminar and author
- Johannes Piscator (1546–1625), Reformed theologian
- Hermann Schmidhüßler (1875–1963) technical assistant in Moers, later Solingen.
- Jürgen Schmude (* 1936), politician (SPD)
- Nikolaus Schneider (* 1947), Protestant theologian
- Agnes Simon (1935–2020) Hungarian-German table tennis player, lived in Moers
- Béla Simon (1920–1996), Hungarian-German table tennis player, lived in Moers
- Josef Winckler (1881–1966), writer
- Franz Ludwig Zahn (1798–1890), Protestant educator
- Johannes Zahn (1828–1905), Protestant educator
- Hermann Altgelt: History of the Lords and Counts of Moers , Bötticher, Düsseldorf 1845
- Hermann Boschheidgen: The Oranic and Vororanic fortifications of Moers along with their relationship to the present-day cityscape . Steiger, Moers 1917, 1979, 1980 (reprint), ISBN 3-921564-17-4
- Karl Hirschberg: Historical journey through the county of Moers from Roman times to the turn of the century , edited and supplemented new edition, with the collaboration of Helene Middelhoff, Steiger, Moers 1975, senior teacher , Dr. Phil, as: History of the County of Moers , 1904, ). (first edition by Carl Wilhelm Otto Albert Hirschberg (1847-1914), Moerser pedagogue and
- Otto Ottsen : The history of the city of Moers . Steiger, Moers 1950, 1977 (reprint).
- Bernhardt Schmidt, Fritz Burger: Moers crime scene. Resistance and National Socialism in the southern Altkreis Moers . Aragon, Moers 1994, ISBN 3-89535-701-4
- Bernhardt Schmidt (Ed.): Moers under the swastika. Contemporary witness reports, remembrance work and articles on the Nazi era in the old district of Moers . Klartext, Essen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8375-0004-2
- Bernhardt Schmidt: Cosmopolitan Moers. The town twinning of the city of Moers . Klartext, Essen 2010, ISBN 978-3-8375-0397-5
- Silke Schweitzer (Ed.): On the trail of women from Moers . Self-published, Moers 1997
- Margret Wensky (Ed.): Moers. The history of the city from the early days to the present . Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2000, ISBN 3-412-04600-0
- Volume 1: From the Early Period to the End of the Orange Period (to 1702)
- Volume 2: From the Prussian Period to the Present (from 1702)
- Brigitta Wirsbitzki, Michael Brocke: History of the Moers Jews after 1933 , published by the Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation Moers, with a contribution by Michael Brocke to the Jewish cemetery. Brendow Verlag , Moers 1991, 1992 (2nd edition), ISBN 3-87067-440-7 .
- Rheinisches Städtebuch ; Volume III 3rd part of the German city book. Urban History Handbook . On behalf of the Working Group of the Historical Commissions and with the support of the German Association of Cities, the Association of German Cities and the German Association of Municipalities, ed. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart 1956
- Herbert Bruckauf: Everything takes time. For the 50th anniversary of the Rheinkamp community. Brendow & Son, Duisburg 1960.
- Brigitta Wirsbitzki: Jews in Moers: a minority in a small town on the Lower Rhine until the end of the Weimar Republic (= Wissenschaftliche Schriftenreihe Geschichte , Volume 5). Köster, Berlin 1997, ISBN 978-3-89574-264-4 (dissertation University of Dortmund 1996, 241 pages with graphic representations, 21 cm).
- Website of the city of Moers
- Street directory of Moers (onlinestreet)
- History of the ev. Parish of Scherpenberg
- Virtual 360 ° city tour
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Newspaper report about the earthquake of July 24th, 2009 ( memento of the original of February 20th, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Newspaper report on the earthquake of July 24th, 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Carl Hirschberg, in: Geschichte der Grafschaft Moers , 1904, p.  13. (online version)
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 1, 2000, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 71/3.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers, Geschichte von Frühzeit bis Gegenwart , Böhlau Verlag Köln, 2000, Volume 1. ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 128
- Margret Wensky: Moers, history from early times to the present. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne 2000, Volume 1. ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 130, 384
- Hermann Altgelt: History of the Counts and Lords of Moers. Bötticher, Düsseldorf 1845, p. 5 , digitized version of the University and State Library Düsseldorf, 2011.
- Hermann Altgelt; In: History of the Counts and Lords of Moers ; 1845, p.  6.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers, Geschichte von Frühzeit bis Gegenwart , Böhlau Verlag Cologne, 2000, Volume 1. ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 73
- Christoph Jacob Kremer, in: Academic contributions to Gülchberg history, in the certificate of the 7th month of spring (March) 1288 , 1781, p.  186.
- Theodor Joseph Lacomblet, in: Document book for the history of the Lower Rhine and the Archbishopric of Cöln, Certificate 1055 , 1840, Volume 2, 1201-1300, p.  620. Online edition 2009
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers, Geschichte von Frühzeit bis Gegenwart , Böhlau Verlag Cologne, 2000, Volume 1. ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 121–125.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, 2000, Volume 1, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 271.
- Carl Hirschberg, in: Geschichte der Grafschaft Moers , 2nd edition 1904, pp.  34 and  113. Digitized edition of the ULB Düsseldorf
- Klaus Goebel: Adolf Diesterweg and the teachers' seminar in Moers . (PDF; 5.1 MB) In: ders .: Whoever has school has the future. Collected essays on Rhenish-Westphalian school history . Brockmeyer, Bochum 1995, pp. 92-100
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers, Geschichte von Frühzeit bis Gegenwart , Böhlau Verlag Köln, 2000, Volume 2. ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 221.
- History of the Jewish community in Moers , with references
- Moers short messages from the statistics 2019 page 3 Retrieved on February 28, 2019
- City of Moers city portrait , accessed on April 13, 2020
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 1, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 125.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 1, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 130-138.
- NDB, under: Hermann von Neuenahr , 1999, Volume 19, p. 108.
- NDB, under: Adolf von Neuenahr , 1999, Volume 19, p. 110.
- Heiner Faulenbach: Lecture on the history of the church in Moers (PDF; 62 kB)
- Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation Moers
- Ramla-Moers partnership association
- DITIB Mosque Moers-Meerbeck: Description of the architect with floor plans and interior pictures ( Memento of the original from March 18, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Mosques in Moers
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 296 .
- Election results for the 2014 local elections ( Memento of the original from June 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Municipal data center Niederrhein (offline)
- Information brochure of the city of Moers (PDF; 3.5 MB)
- Debt in North Rhine-Westphalia. In: Spiegel Online . October 10, 2012, accessed June 9, 2018 .
- Main statutes of the city of Moers (PDF; 103 kB) moers.de. Retrieved October 4, 2013. (offline)
- Hermann Habben: Coats of arms, seals and flags in the Moers district. Rheinberg 1962, p. 18
- The way to the partnership between the city of Moers and the city as well as the district of Seelow ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF)
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 1, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 247.
- Margret Wensky: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present. Verlag Böhlau, Cologne 2000, Volume 2, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 94-101.
- Margret Wensky: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present. Verlag Böhlau, Cologne 2000, Volume 1, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 241.
- Margret Wensky: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present. Verlag Böhlau, Cologne 2000, Volume 2, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 106.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 2, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 149–154.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 2, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , pp. 154–159.
- Margret Wensky, in: Moers The history of the city from the early days to the present , 2000, Verlag Böhlau, Cologne, Volume 2, ISBN 3-412-04600-0 , p. 161.
- Website of the Freefall Festival
- Vivien Daberkow: The tenth birthday was also the farewell party of the music festival in Moers. rp-online.de, August 24, 2015, accessed June 24, 2017.
- The area indicated with Meerfeld on the map mainly belongs to the Rheinkamp-Mitte residential area . Meerfeld is not an official name for a residential area , but is used as a historical local name by municipal institutions and sports clubs in this area.
- The following districts with the listed 22 residential spaces are indicated in the official city portal FD 7.1 Surveying, edition of September 29, 2011 for Moers (Internet version).
- The given name "Claudius" instead of "Julius" is at least controversial among historians. For this: Georg Heinrich Kaufmann: Civilis, Julius . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, p. 268 f.
- Historians disputed whether Abbot Wilhelm and Dietrich I were already “counts” and not just “noblemen”. Dietrich I is listed in documents as both a count and a nobleman . It is believed that after the execution of Count von Isenberg in 1266 , the nobleman Dietrich von Moers , who presumably married the daughter Elisabeth des Isenberger, took over the security of the Moers area as his successor. The Isenberger was responsible for the military security of Werden Abbey and thus for its possessions in the Moers area. The nobleman of Moers would have taken over the function and the title of count for the "Moers area".
- fact that Repelen is identical with “Reple” (or “Replo (e)”) is controversial. Some historians are of the opinion that “Reppel” is meant in North Brabant.