Oberhausen main station
|Oberhausen main station|
|Location in the network||Separation station|
|Platform tracks||14 (10 used)|
|Profile on Bahnhof.de||Oberhausen_Hbf|
|Architectural style||Classic modern|
|architect||Schwingel and Herrmann|
|City / municipality||Oberhausen|
|Coordinates||51 ° 28 '27 " N , 6 ° 51' 13" E|
|Railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia|
Oberhausen Hauptbahnhof is a passenger station in Oberhausen and an important connection point for local and long-distance rail passenger transport in the western Ruhr area and on the Lower Rhine . The station is of particular importance as a transfer station for ICE connections to the Netherlands ( Dutch route ).
The station is on the main line of the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, built in 1846 . The first station building at today's location - a simple half-timbered building of a transshipment station - was named after the nearby Oberhausen Castle and opened on May 15, 1847. It was the first train station in the area of the then mayor's office Borbeck ; the city of Oberhausen did not exist at this time. The station initially served to connect the developing heavy industry . The entrepreneur Franz Haniel had exercised his influence on the government and the railway company for the connection of the Lipper Heide to the railway . After the station opened, other companies such as the Altenberg zinc factory settled in the immediate vicinity of the station.
In 1850 the administration of the consolidating Concordia colliery moved into the station building. A more elaborate station building was built as early as 1854. In 1866 a station building for the Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft was added just a few meters away. Other railway companies and new routes followed, for example the route to Duisburg-Ruhrort in 1848 and the Dutch route to Arnhem in 1856 (both from the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft) and in 1862 the route via Mülheim to Essen (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft).
By 1880 Oberhausen had developed into one of the most important railway junctions in the Ruhr area (together with the Oberhausen West train station , Osterfeld was still independent at that time). In the course of the nationalization of the railways now beginning, the bundling of routes and the establishment of central stations became possible. The Bergisch-Märkische and Cologne-Mindener train stations were merged and in 1888 a representative new station building with platform tunnels was opened.
In 1929 the mayorships of Sterkrade , Osterfeld and Oberhausen (today Alt-Oberhausen ) merged to form Groß-Oberhausen. Originally everything was to be incorporated into Sterkrade, as Sterkrade was the largest mayor's office. Since Oberhausen had a better rail connection than Sterkrade , it was already clear beforehand that this central station would become the new city, so an agreement was reached to incorporate Sterkrade and Osterfeld into Oberhausen and to expand the Oberhausen station into the city's main station.
From 1930 to 1934, today's station building was finally built in the classic modern style. The Oberhausen architect Schwingel and the Reichsbahnoberrat Karl Herrmann of the Reichsbahndirektion Essen designed the current building with a clear and calm cubist design language.
During the Second World War , the station was hit several times by bombs and air mines and was badly damaged. The reception building hall could not be put back into operation until 1954 in a greatly modified form, a false ceiling was put in to install a "Bali cinema" in the upper part, and a small shopping arcade was created below it.
As one of the first projects of the Emscherpark International Building Exhibition , the entire main station and its surroundings were completely renovated and redesigned from 1993 onwards. The entrance hall has been largely restored to its original form; the cinema with the mall was removed again. The existing tracks were dismantled from 14 to 10 platform tracks. The disused post railway connection was demolished and the area was prepared with the former tracks 4 and 5 as a museum platform for the LVR industrial museum in Oberhausen . The relief The Three Ages of Life by Ernst Müller-Blensdorf has been restored and placed back in the station. The passenger tunnel under the railway lines was modernized, extended and opened to the west. The headquarters of the Rheinisches Industriemuseum, opened in 1997, and the western part of the city were thus given direct access from the main train station. The construction work also included the redesign of the station forecourt with a central bus terminal and the creation of a park-and-ride car park on the west side.
|ICE 78||"International"||Amsterdam - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt Airport - Frankfurt (- Mannheim - Offenburg - Basel )||DB long-distance transport|
|IC 32||"Wörthersee"||Münster (Westf) - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Munich - Salzburg - Villach - Klagenfurt|
|IC 35||Norddeich Mole - Münster (Westf) - Recklinghausen - Wanne-Eickel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne (- Koblenz )|
|"Lake Constance"||( Emden - Leer (Ostfriesl) - Münster (Westf) - ) Dortmund - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mannheim - Offenburg - Konstanz (partly Mannheim - Vaihingen (Enz) - Stuttgart)|
See also: List of Intercity Express Lines , List of Intercity Lines (Germany)
Oberhausen Hbf - MH-Styrum - Mülheim (Ruhr) West - Mülheim (Ruhr) Hbf - E-Frohnhausen - Essen West - Essen Hbf - E-Steele - E-Steele Ost - E-Horst - BO-Dahlhausen - Hattingen (Ruhr) - Hattingen (Ruhr) center
Status: timetable change December 2019
See also: List of SPNV lines in North Rhine-Westphalia
Bus and tram transport
The main station is one of the most important nodes in the public transport network of the city of Oberhausen . In front of the station building is the bus station, which ensures a link between rail, tram and bus traffic. Express buses, city buses and trams stop at this bus station. The southern entrance to the public transport route is also located at the main train station .
- ↑ Between Bottrop ZOB and Gelsenkirchen every 20 minutes
- Dietrich Behrends: It all started with the train station. In: Oberhausen '98 - a yearbook. Pp. 34-42.
- Klaus Martin Schmidt-Waldbauer: Oberhausen main station. From the “delicious train station” to the “most beautiful train station in the region” or the endlessly long and slow change at the main train station in Oberhausen. In: Adventure Industrial City, Oberhausen 1874–1999. Contributions to the history of the city . Oberhausen 2001, pp. 385-435. ISBN 3-87468-172-6 .
- ↑ Query of the course book route 416 at Deutsche Bahn.
- ↑ Query of the course book route 450.2 at Deutsche Bahn.
- ↑ Querying the course book route 420 from Deutsche Bahn.
- ↑ Query of course book route 447 at Deutsche Bahn.
- ↑ Query of the course book route 450.3 at Deutsche Bahn.
- Tracks in service facilities (EOB) , DB Netz AG (PDF; 269.4 kiB)
- Description of all locations on this themed route as part of the Route of Industrial Culture
- Oberhausen main station. In: Structurae
- Overall plan of Oberhausen Hbf and West 1929
- Sights: Hauptbahnhof on www.oberhausen.de