Pattberg mine

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Pattberg mine
General information about the mine
Moers shaft Pattberg.jpg

Pattberg mine
Information about the mining company
Start of operation 1927
End of operation 1993
Successor use Commercial space
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 29 '46 "  N , 6 ° 35' 57"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 29 '46 "  N , 6 ° 35' 57"  E
Pattberg mine (regional association Ruhr)
Pattberg mine
Location of the Pattberg mine
Location Repelen
local community Moers
District ( NUTS3 ) Wesel
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The pit Pattberg was a coal - mine in Moers .


Hoist house
Ball water tower (" Klönne " type) of the Pattberg mine
Listed electric winder (1911) in the machine hall

After the First World War , the “Rheinpreußen 6/7” mine was tackled in Rheinkamp-Repelen (today Moers ) as the northernmost connection system to the Rheinpreußen colliery . The Rhineland fields in the northern field area of the Rhine Prussia trade union were to be developed from this mine .

In 1922, the sinking of shaft 6 began, which was provisionally put into operation in 1927. In 1927, shaft 7 was started right next to shaft 6 and was completed in 1934. In 1932, a double strut frame in solid wall construction was erected over shaft 6 in order to provide the necessary capacities for the expected extraction . A two-storey strut frame in solid wall construction was finally built over shaft 7.

The mine was founded in 1927 in honor of the former technical director Heinrich Pattberg the union Rheinpreußen in Pattberg bays renamed. This is why the term Pattberg 1/2 for Rhein Prussia 6/7 has become established in the official language . When it was commissioned, the mine was considered the most modern mine on the continent .

The most important structures of the plant were: a winding tower, a machine house, an ammonia factory, a coal washing plant, a salt store and a smaller coking plant . The architects of the monumental industrial buildings were Karl Wach and Baurat Roßkotten . A coal liquefaction plant according to Fischer-Tropsch , originally planned on this site , was built on the Rheinpreußen 5/9 mine .

The mine developed very well economically. After the Second World War , the old coking plant was replaced by a modern central coking plant with 170 ovens. This was to be expanded later, but this was prevented by the coal crisis that then began .

The Pattberg mine, which annually extracted 2.2 million tons of coal and produced 900,000 tons of coke , was brought into the newly founded Ruhrkohle AG in 1968 with the other Rhine Prussia shafts . From 1969, it formed the Pattberg / Rossenray plant management team with the Kamp-Lintforter Rossenray mine . In 1971, this was finally combined with the Rheinpreußen 5/9 mine to form the Rhineland composite mine .

Condition after decommissioning

After the Pattberg mine was shut down in 1993, only the water tower , the large raw coal mixing hall, the eastern winding machine house of shaft 1 and a few ancillary buildings have been preserved. The hoped-for commercial settlements have so far been very tentative.

The Pattberg heap in Moers Repelen, the North Germany heap in Neukirchen-Vluyn and the Rhine Prussia heap in Moers Meerbeck are open to the public and are stations of some bicycle routes. On the latter there is an observation tower in the form of a large red miner's lamp - "Das Geluchter" - visible from afar .


  • Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. 6th expanded and updated edition, Verlag Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster KG, Königstein i. Taunus, 2006, ISBN 3784569943

Web links

Commons : Schachtanlage Pattberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c The most modern colliery on the continent . In: Zeitbilder, supplement to the Vossische Zeitung , April 7, 1929. pp. 4/5.
  2. see also (2011/2012)
  3. Tour 7 ( Memento of the original from May 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /