Rossenray mine

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Rossenray mine
General information about the mine
Halde Northern Germany, Rossenray I-II.jpg
Rossenray winding towers I (right) and II (left next to it)
Funding / year approx. 1 million t
Information about the mining company
Start of operation 1963
End of operation 1971
Successor use Merger to form the Rhineland composite mine
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 31 '3 "  N , 6 ° 33' 27"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 31 '3 "  N , 6 ° 33' 27"  E
Rossenray mine (regional association Ruhr)
Rossenray mine
Location of the Rossenray mine
Location Crooked bridge
local community Kamp-Lintfort
District ( NUTS3 ) Wesel
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

Shaft I headframe

The Rossenray mine was a coal mine in the northern urban area of Kamp-Lintfort .



At the beginning of the 20th century, the company acquired Friedrich Krupp AG in the districts Rossenray , Saalhoff and Rheinberg in the area of today's Urban areas of Kamp-Lintfort and Rheinberg a larger mining claim ownership , namely 39 coal fields and five rock salt fields with an area of coal fields 63 , 5 km 2 . This mine field ownership was divided between the Rheinberg field (39 km 2 ) and the Rossenray field (24.5 km 2 ). The mining law union Rossenray was founded for Rossenray , in whose shares ( Kuxe ) the company Friedrich Krupp owned the majority.

Preliminary work

In 1909, the preparatory work for the construction of a double shaft system began. The First World War then brought work to a standstill.

In 1937 Friedrich Krupp AG became the sole owner. In the same year, the preparatory work for the mine was resumed. In 1943 the freezing process for the two shafts began. The end of the Second World War interrupted the work of the devil again. The Rossenray union has been liquidated and deferred .

Despite the incipient coal crisis , the newly founded Krupp successor company Bergwerke Essen-Rossenray AG resumed the work in 1955. The Rossenray mine was designed as a modern connection system.

After a provisional start, the system was to be expanded into a central system with 3 shafts, a power station and a coking plant . Shafts 1 and 2 should have equal rights and the additional shaft 3 to be sunk should take over the cable car and material transport.


In the early 1960s, shafts 1 and 2 reached their final depths . In 1963, shaft 2 with a small conveyor system and a provisional preparation went into operation, shaft 1 was only kept open.

On February 16, 1966, a firedamp explosion occurred in the Rossenray construction site, killing 16 miners .

On November 27, 1968, the Rossenray mine was incorporated into the newly founded Ruhrkohle AG . From 1969 the plant with the Pattberg mine was run as a works management.

The annual production at that time was 950,000 tons of coal.

Ruhrkohle AG decided to expand the Rossenray mine as a connection system, but in a smaller version than originally planned. 1968 manhole 1 was tiefergeteuft and 1100 m, a fourth sole attached. In 1970, shaft 1 was equipped with a new type of vessel conveyor . The concrete conveyor tower erected for this purpose should contain the processing systems in a separate extension . The resulting cross-shaped building became a characteristic landmark. The identical tower planned for shaft 2 was not built, the smaller conveyor system with a box-profile strut frame remained in operation. Furthermore, the planning of shaft 3 and the coal recycling plants were shelved. In 1971, the Pattberg / Rossenray plant departments and the Rheinpreußen 5/9 mine were merged to form the Rhineland composite mine . The Rossenray mine continued to take over the ropeway , material and mountain transport for this system.

In 2003 the so-called “AVSA 02” was put into operation on Rossenray. The "AVSA" was one, especially for the DSK developed, tunneling machine the Austrian Voest Alpine mining technology and the University of Leoben , which at Prosper-Haniel was in use. The patent holders of the German patent DE 19623653 were Voest Alpine Bergtechnik and DSK. The inventors were Matthias Roesch, Alfred Zitz, Karl Lerchbaum and Otto Krassnitzer. The "AVSA 01" was in use at the Friedrich Heinrich mine. The “AVSA 02” defined itself as the successor machine thanks to an even higher degree of automation and the maximum advance height of 8.20 m. The special characteristics of this machine were to intersect at the same time and anchor could ( A lternatives V ortriebssystem S chneiden and A n core) and thus the speed of development of the routes could be increased.


On May 1, 2011, the Rossenray colliery had ceased operations above ground. Most of the employees worked in the West Mine , formerly Friedrich-Heinrich , until the end of 2012 . Due to the discontinuation of subsidized hard coal mining in Germany, coal production there ended with the last production shift on December 21, 2012. Coal mining is now a thing of the past on the Lower Rhine. In 2018, the headframe of shaft 2 was demolished. The demolition of the Rossenray 1 headframe began on October 7, 2019.


  • Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. 6th expanded and updated edition, Verlag Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster KG, Königstein i. Taunus, 2006, ISBN 3784569943
  • Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginning until 2005 (= publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum , vol. 144). 3rd, revised and expanded edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9 , p. 836.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h Joachim Huske: The coal mines in the Ruhr area . 3rd edition Bochum 2006, p. 836.
  2. 100 years of coal mining in Kamp-Lintfort. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008 ; Retrieved October 19, 2010 .
  3. ↑ Mine accidents & their monuments. Retrieved October 19, 2010 .
  4. ↑ Mine accident exactly 50 years ago: 16 people died in Kamp-Lintfort. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016 ; Retrieved October 19, 2010 .
  5. triple m issue 4 2002 ( Memento from July 31, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  6. German patent DE19623653: Roadway driving machine with travel drive .
  7. ↑ The powerful AVSA II tunneling machine paves its way underground ( Memento from April 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on May 4, 2012; PDF file; 1.26 MB)
  8. Shift in the shaft: Rossenray ends surface operation - (with various photos) accessed on July 25, 2013
  9. Rossenray Shaft Tower in Kamp-Lintfort will soon be history. In: October 2, 2019, accessed October 8, 2019 .

Web links

Commons : Rossenray mine  - collection of images, videos and audio files