Rhineland composite mine
|Rhineland composite mine|
|General information about the mine|
|Mining technology||Underground mining|
|Information about the mining company|
|Start of operation||1971|
|End of operation||1993|
|Funded raw materials|
|Degradation of||Hard coal|
|District ( NUTS3 )||Wesel|
|country||State of North Rhine-Westphalia|
The Rhineland composite mine was created in 1971 through the merging of the Pattberg / Rossenray and Rheinpreußen plant divisions of Ruhrkohle AG .
The following systems were incorporated into the mine : the Rheinpreußen 5/9 mine with the Rheinpreußen 4, 5, 8 and 9 shafts and a high-pressure power plant; Pattberg mine with shafts 1 and 2 and coking plant ; Rossenray mine with shafts 1 and 2.
The Pattberg 1/2 coking plant was closed in 1973 for reasons of sales and the environment . A spacious raw coal mixing hall was built on the vacated site. The consolidation and increasing mechanization of production led to the Rhineland mine temporarily developing into the largest hard coal mine in the western world. The usable annual production reached almost 5 million tons of coal . Pattberg 1 and Rheinpreußen 9, which in turn were equipped with fully automatic vessel conveyors, acted as conveyor shafts . Rossenray 1 took over recovery and intermediate conveying functions, Rossenray 2 and Pattberg 2 cable travel and material conveyance . Rhenish Prussia 4, 5 and 8 were used as weather shafts and for dewatering in the southern field.
In order to be able to develop the mining fields , which adjoin the Rhineland fields to the north, with the coal reserves of the Rheinberg Rhine arc, preparations began in 1984 for the lowering of the Rheinberg shaft north of the city of Rheinberg . The sinking work was carried out from 1987 to 1992. The shaft was initially designed as a fully equipped cable car and material shaft system. However, the development of the sales markets and the increasing price pressure from foreign imported coal led to these plans being turned away.
In 1988 the old Rhine Prussia 4 and 5 weather shafts were dropped and filled . Due to further adaptation measures, the Rheinpreußen 5/9 conveyor system had to be shut down in 1990. Shaft 9 took over the further weather management for the southern field area. In 1992 the decision was made to connect the Rhineland composite mine with the neighboring Friedrich Heinrich colliery and to expand it into a new composite mine . The production was to be completely taken over by Friedrich Heinrich and the mining of the Rhineland should be gradually thrown off. This association took place on July 1, 1993. With him the Pattberg 1/2 conveyor system was shut down. Backfilling Pattberg 1 was 1994, which of Pattberg 2 1997 (1995 was the headframe Pattberg one blown up in 1998 on the scaffolding Pattberg 2 was a Dragline knocked down).
The eastern field area with the now completed Rheinberg shaft and the Rhine Prussia 8 and 9 shafts was added to the Walsum mine in Duisburg . The Rossenray mine continued to be operated as an outside installation of the new Friedrich Heinrich / Rheinland mine , later the West Mine .
- Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. 6th expanded and updated edition, Verlag Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster KG, Königstein i. Taunus, 2006, ISBN 3784569943