|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Height :||100 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||145.66 km 2|
|Residents:||365,587 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2510 inhabitants per km 2|
|Primaries :||0234, 02327|
|License plate :||BO, WAT|
|Community key :||05 9 11 000|
|LOCODE :||DE BOM|
|City structure:||6 boroughs|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Thomas Eiskirch ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Bochum in North Rhine-Westphalia|
The city of Bochum [ ˈboːxʊm ] ( Westphalian : Baukem from Old Saxon Boc-hem [ 'bo: khe: m ]) is a large city in the center of the Ruhr area . The name of the city was derived from earlier Low German names such as Bukhem or Bokheim , where boc is the Low German word for beech and hum or hem stands for home. Accordingly, the name referred to a place of residence under Buchen and can now also be translated as "Buchenheim".
The independent city in the administrative district of Arnsberg is, along with Duisburg , Essen , Dortmund and Hagen, one of the five regional centers of the Ruhr area and belongs to the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region . With about 370,000 inhabitants, Bochum is the sixth largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia , the second largest city in Westphalia and one of the 20 largest cities in Germany . Bochum is a member of the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association and the Ruhr Regional Association . The city's population exceeded the 100,000 mark in 1905 and made Bochum a major city . With the incorporation of the previously independent city of Wattenscheid (around 72,000 inhabitants), the city grew significantly in 1975.
There are nine universities or branches of universities in Bochum. Since the formation of the southern district Querenburg located Ruhr University in 1962, the first university start-up in the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second World War and with over 40,000 students one of the largest universities in Germany, Bochum's university town . Are nationally known beyond the German Mining Museum , the Drama Theater , the Planetarium , the Railway Museum , the Bermuda3eck , the Ruhrstadion as a venue of VfL Bochum , Zoo and Fossilium and the longest-running in the same location musical in the world, Starlight Express . The cityscape is characterized, among other things, by a church tower and high-rise skyline as well as various architectural monuments , especially from historicism , expressionism and post-war modernism . The industrial monuments of the city are connected to one another on the route of industrial culture "in the heart of the district" .
There are also various mining institutions in Bochum. The Bochumer Verein wrote industrial history from 1842 when the company succeeded in casting steel into molds. The company's first product was bells made from this material. A bell weighing 15,000 kg in front of the Bochum town hall commemorates this era. After the end of mining, Bochum developed primarily into a technology and service location.
Bochum lies on the hilly "Bochumer Land Ridge" as part of the Ruhr heights between the rivers Ruhr and Emscher on the border between the southern and northern Ruhr coal zone. The highest point in the urban area is on Kemnader Straße in Stiepel at an altitude of , the lowest point at is at the Blumenkamp in Hordel .
Flat hilly land ridge means that the shape of the terrain in Bochum is characterized by steady inclines and slopes, which are rarely more than 3%. Individual steeper terrain courses are, for example, on Harpener Hellweg near the NSG Berghofer Holz (3.4%), on Westenfelder Str. In the Wattenscheid district (3.47%) or on Kemnader Str., Which runs from the Ruhr bank in Stiepel ( ) up to the center of Stiepel ( ; 5.1% gradient). Even stretches that lead from the lower Ruhr valley through the places belonging to the south of Bochum have a steeper gradient (for example Kassenberger Str. And Dr.-C.-Otto-Str. In Dahlhausen , Blankensteiner Str. In Sundern ).
The largest expansion of the urban area in north-south direction is 13.0 km and in west-east direction 17.1 km. The length of the city limits is 67.2 km.
In the southern urban area there are sedimentary rocks of the seam-bearing Upper Carboniferous. These are superimposed in the north by marine deposits of the Upper Cretaceous . The inland ice of the Saale Ice Age left a ground moraine, erratic boulders and meltwater deposits. In the Weichselian was loess deposited. The geological layers can be viewed in the former Klosterbusch colliery quarry and in the Bochum Geological Garden .
Bochum has some forests in the south, including the Weitmarer Holz . As a rule, it is a mixed oak-beech forest . The presence of the holly indicates the temperate climate. There are several nature and landscape protection areas in Bochum.
|Gelsenkirchen ( district )||Herne ( independent )||Castrop-Rauxel ( Recklinghausen district )|
|Food ( independent )||Dortmund ( district )|
|Hattingen ( Ennepe-Ruhr district )||Witten ( Ennepe-Ruhr district )|
|Bochum-center (I)||Bochum city center , Altenbochum , Grumme , Hamme , Hofstede , Hordel , Riemke|
|Bochum-Wattenscheid (II)||Eppendorf , Günnigfeld , Höntrop , Leithe , Munscheid , Sevinghausen , Wattenscheid- Mitte, Westenfeld|
|Bochum-North (III)||Bergen , Gerthe , Harpen , Hiltrop , Kornharpen , Voede branch|
|Bochum East (IV)||Laer , Langendreer , Werne|
|Bochum-South (V)||Querenburg , Stiepel , Wiemelhausen|
|Bochum-Southwest (VI)||Dahlhausen , Linden , Sundern , Weitmar ( Bärendorf , Mark and Mitte )|
The average annual temperature in Bochum is 10.1 ° C. The coldest month is January with 2.5 ° C, the warmest July with 18.4 ° C. The amount of precipitation is approx. 750 millimeters per year, with most of the precipitation falling 85 millimeters in August.
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Bochum
Source: DWD, data: 2015–2020
The environmental zone in Bochum was set up on October 1st, 2008 and changed on January 1st, 2012. It currently comprises 3 ⁄ 4 of all households in the city.
The first written reference is found in 890 lifting registers of Werden Abbey . It is assumed, however, that Charlemagne had an imperial court built around 800 at the intersection of two trade routes south of today's provost church. In 1041 the place was mentioned in a document from the Archbishops of Cologne under the name "Cofbuokheim". In 1321, Count Engelbert II of the Mark Bochum confirmed existing powers of the mayor in a document . This is often referred to as granting city rights . The von Berswordt family, which has existed in several lines from 1400 until today, is based in Weitmar with the branch line of Berswordt-Wallrabe . Bochum remained (despite a coal mining or open-cast mining documented as early as the 14th century or for 1502) into the 19th century an arable town with several regional authorities, to which a mining authority was added in 1738 . Bochum was also an inland Hanseatic city .
Until 1806 the city belonged to the Prussian county of Mark , then until 1813 to the Ruhr department of the Grand Duchy of Berg , then temporarily to the Prussian civil government between the Weser and the Rhine . In 1815 the city came to Prussia and was assigned to the province of Westphalia . In 1817 the city of Bochum became the seat of the Bochum district , from which it left in 1876 to become an independent city . The Bochum district existed until 1929 and was then dissolved.
Bochum's ascent to a mining town began in 1841 when the first shaft of the Zeche President was sunk behind the city limits of the still independent Hamme . This was the first civil engineering mine in the Westphalian part of the Ruhr area , whereby the marl cover was pierced. In the 1850s and 1860s, civil engineering mines were founded, which at the end of the 19th century shaped the economic structure alongside the steel industry . Technical difficulties in the construction of the mines and the resulting financial bottlenecks meant that the mines developed slowly. Furthermore, the economic crisis after the establishment of the empire caused the sales markets for coal to collapse at times. The decisive rise and further expansion of the mines followed in the 1880s. All mines now had a rail connection. The coal refined as coke was needed for steel production; this led to the establishment of coking plants on the colliery grounds.
Jacob Mayer acquired a site on Essener Chaussee in 1843 on which a factory for the production of cast steel was built. In 1854, after the financial participation of Cologne merchants, the company was renamed the Bochum Association for Mining and Cast Steel Manufacture . Under the technical director Louis Baare , the Bochumer Verein developed into one of the leading companies in the Ruhr area .
In 1843 Max Greve was elected mayor, who significantly supported the development of Bochum into an industrial city. During his tenure, the gas works (1855), the water works (1871) and the Chamber of Commerce (1856) were founded. The economic rise of the mines and the steel industry led to a high demand for labor that could not be met by the population at the time. The population of Bochum grew from 1843 to 1873 from 4282 to 25174 inhabitants. In order to attract workers, apartments were created close to the factory that were away from the traditional living areas. The company apartments of the Bochumer Verein were located in Griesenbruch, separated from the Bochum urban area by the cast steel railway.
In 1860, Bochum was connected to the Witten / Dortmund – Oberhausen / Duisburg railway operated by the Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft ; in 1874, the Osterath – Dortmund Süd railway operated by the Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft , both of which were nationalized in 1880.
Bochum's growth at the end of the 19th century took place without any overarching planning, and so no regular infrastructure could develop for the time being . Industrial settlements and company apartments were built at the colliery sites, while the established farms around the industrial sites continued to farm. The northern and eastern suburbs ( Langendreer , Werne , Riemke , Hofstede ) had the strongest population growth .
At the end of the 19th century, the development of the neighboring suburbs had extended to the Bochum city area, and dependencies in the infrastructure such as the gas and water supply developed. This led to the first wave of incorporation, in which Hamme , Hofstede , Grumme and Wiemelhausen were added to the city of Bochum. In 1905 the population of the city exceeded the limit of 100,000 - Bochum was a big city. Bochum's inner city had a very heterogeneous structure that was still strongly influenced by its time as a small town. A uniform design of the city center and a planned expansion of the Ehrenfeld district took place until the outbreak of the First World War .
The consequences of the war - unemployment, strikes, the French occupation , the devaluation of money - interrupted further growth. An economic upturn followed in the years 1925 to 1929. During this time, further suburbs were added to the Bochum city area (including Riemke , Langendreer , Stiepel , Querenburg ). The urban area now extended to the northern Ruhr valley. However, Bochum's request to establish access to the economically important Rhine-Herne Canal in the city was not granted.
On November 9, 1938, during the so-called Reichspogromnacht , there were also riots against Jewish citizens in Bochum; the synagogue was set on fire. The first Jewish citizens were deported to concentration camps and numerous Jewish facilities and apartments were destroyed. About 500 Jewish citizens are known by name who perished in the Shoah in the following years , including 19 who were younger than 16 years old. In December 1938, the Jewish elementary school teacher Else Hirsch began organizing a total of ten child transports to the Netherlands and Great Britain to save Jewish children and young people. Many Bochum children from other persecuted groups were also taken in by Dutch families and thus saved from being abducted and murdered.
During the Second World War , 38 percent of the city was destroyed by bombing . From June 20, 1940 to March 22, 1945, 46 different bombings, mainly by the Royal Air Force , dropped a total of around 11,595 tonnes of bombs. An important goal among others was the Bochumer Verein as the third largest company of the United Steelworks AG . Even today, aerial bombs are repeatedly found as bomb duds and have to be defused by the ordnance disposal service.
On April 10, 1945, the US Army finally occupied Bochum. Elsewhere in Germany, the war continued until the beginning of May. The Second World War finally ended on May 8th with the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht .
After the end of the Second World War, Bochum belonged to the British zone of occupation . The British military administration set up two DP camps in Bochum to accommodate so-called displaced persons . The majority of them were former forced laborers from Poland .
In the post-war period, Bochum developed into a cultural center in the Ruhr area . Opened in 1962, including on the former colliery site of the Zeche Dannebaum that Adam Opel AG , a subsidiary of General Motors , in the districts of Laer and Langendreer the three Opel plants ( Plant I , works II / III ), which became a symbol for the structural change in Ruhr area were.
In 1964, the second “ green meadow ” shopping center in the Federal Republic of Germany, the Ruhr Park , was completed in the Harpen district , today the largest of its kind in Germany. In 1973 the last Bochum colliery ( Hannover colliery ) closed. In addition to extensive industrial zones, large green areas, some of which appear almost rural, were created that extend to the Ruhr and the Kemnader reservoir (released in 1980). In 1979 the first light rail line and the Ruhr Stadium were opened.
Bochum has been a theater town since 1919 and a university town since 1965 ( Ruhr University with over 40,000 students), and since 1988 also a town of musicals. The German-language musical production Starlight Express by Andrew Lloyd Webber opened on June 12, 1988 at the Stadionring.
In 1989, the U 35 light rail line from Bochum Hauptbahnhof to Herne- Schloss Strünkede began operations. In 1993 the cities of Bochum, Hattingen , Herne and Witten merged to form the Middle Ruhr Area . In 2003 the RuhrCongress event center was inaugurated. In 2005 the foundation stone was laid for the new synagogue of the Jewish community in Bochum – Herne – Hattingen.
Since the financial crisis in 2008, the Bochum site had to struggle with the closure of the Nokia factory and the imminent closure of Opel vehicle production, which finally took place at the end of 2014. The elimination of vehicle production alone cost around 3,000 employees.
- The first incorporations took place on April 1, 1904: Grumme , Hamme , Hofstede and Wiemelhausen .
- On April 1, 1926, there was a second wave of incorporation: Altenbochum , Bergen , Hordel , Riemke , Weitmar and parts of Eppendorf and Westenfeld were incorporated. The municipalities Munscheid , Eppendorf , Günnigfeld , Höntrop , Westfälisch Leithe , Sevinghausen and Westenfeld and a small part of Königssteele were incorporated into the neighboring town of Wattenscheid .
- On August 1, 1929, the third major incorporation took place with Gerthe , Harpen , Hiltrop , Laer , Langendreer , Linden-Dahlhausen , Querenburg , Stiepel and Werne .
- On January 1, 1975, it was merged with the city of Wattenscheid, which had been an independent city since April 1926, to form the new city of Bochum , which is still valid today.
In 1904, the population of the city of Bochum exceeded the limit of 100,000, making it a major city . By 1926, that number had doubled to 200,000. On January 1, 1975, the population reached its historical high of 417,336 through the incorporation of the city of Wattenscheid (81,469 inhabitants, 1974). On December 31, 2015, the " official number of inhabitants " for Bochum was 364,742 (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices) according to an update by the State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia in the state database of North Rhine-Westphalia go back.
The unemployment rate in Bochum was 8.9 percent as of June 30, 2018 and thus above the national average in North Rhine-Westphalia (6.7 percent in June 2018).
As of December 31, 2018, of the 370,797 inhabitants, 103,228 (27.8%) were Protestant, 108,114 (29.2%) were Catholic and 159,385 (43.0%) belonged to another or no denomination. A year earlier, 28.3% of the 371,582 inhabitants were Protestant, 29.7% Catholic and 42.0% belonged to another or no denomination or religion. In 1990, 42.1% of the population were Protestant and 39.4% Catholic. The long-term development since 1990 shows that the proportion of the population who belongs to another or no denomination or religion is continuously increasing and in 2009, at 33.8%, was for the first time larger than the proportion of the population with an Evangelical or Catholic denomination.
Roman Catholic Church
Bochum has belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne since it was founded and was subordinate to the Archdeaconate of the Cologne Cathedral Provost. The Reformation gained a foothold around 1570 . But it was not until 1613 when the Lutheran congregation separated from the Catholic congregation. From 1634 onwards, a reformed parish was established. The city was then predominantly Protestant, but there were always Catholics who continued to belong to the Archdiocese of Cologne. In 1821 it was assigned to the diocese or archdiocese of Paderborn . Bochum became the seat of a deanery, which was later divided into the deaneries Bochum-Mitte, Bochum-Süd and Bochum-Ost. From August 31 to September 4, 1949, the 73rd German Catholic Day took place in Bochum under the motto “Justice creates peace”. In 1958, Bochum was incorporated into the newly founded diocese of Essen . One of the oldest foundations in the Ruhr area is the parish in the Stiepel district (first mentioned in 885 AD) with its widely known and only Marian pilgrimage site in the diocese of Essen. Stiepel developed into a much-visited place of pilgrimage, which was confirmed in 1294 by a decree of Pope Boniface VIII . Every year around 70,000 pilgrims visit the Stiepel pilgrimage church of St. Mary with the miraculous image of the "Sorrowful Mother", which belongs to the area of the " Stiepel Monastery " built by the Cistercians . Today the parishes of Bochum belong to the city dean of Bochum and Wattenscheid.
- Restructuring of the diocese of Essen
On September 1, 2008, according to the plans of the Bishop of Essen, all Bochum parishes including the original parish of St. Peter and Paul were dissolved. There are now four large parishes and one monastery parish in the urban area:
- St. Peter and Paul (for the city center, Ehrenfeld, Hamme, Hordel, Hofstede, Riemke and Grumme districts)
- Liebfrauen, Bochum (for the districts of Altenbochum, Langendreer, Laer, Werne, Gerthe, Harpen and Hiltrop)
- St. Franziskus, Weitmar (for the districts of Weitmar, Linden, Dahlhausen, Wiemelhausen, Querenburg, Hustadt and Steinkuhl)
- St. Gertrud (for all of Wattenscheid)
For the complete overview of the parish churches, branch churches and other churches:
→ see also Diocese of Essen .
The Cistercian monastery parish of St. Marien in Stiepel will remain as an independent parish and will not be incorporated into the new structure of the Essen diocese .
In 2015, 113,657 Bochumers were registered as Catholics. Around 9800 Catholics (9%) attended the services in one of the 41 Catholic churches in Bochum. In 2018, 108,184 Bochumers were registered as Catholics.
The Protestant communities in Bochum came with the transition of the city to Prussia to the Evangelical Church in Prussia or its Westphalian provincial church . Bochum became the seat of a superintendent , from which today's church district Bochum emerged within the Evangelical Church of Westphalia . This includes a total of 22 Protestant parishes within the city of Bochum. As a result of King Friedrich-Wilhelm III. Union decreed by Prussia between the Lutheran Church and the Reformed tradition to form the United Evangelical Church in Prussia in 1817, the Evangelical Lutheran (Old Lutheran) Church was created in rejection of this union . To this day there are two Evangelical Lutheran parishes in Bochum, the Kreuzkirche parish and the Epiphany parish. Both parishes belonged to the Westphalia church district of the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church . In Bochum and beyond, the Epiphany Church is known as the Ruhr Autobahn Church.
In 2015, 90,795 Bochumers belonged to the Protestant Church. The number had decreased by 1898 compared to 2014.
Free churches and other Christian communities
In addition to the Protestant and Roman Catholic communities in Bochum, there are also various Protestant Free Churches , including the Church in Pott, the Ecclesia Christian Community , the Evangelical Free Church Congregations ( Baptists ), Free Evangelical Churches , the Seventh-day Adventists , the Church of God and the Jesus freaks . The New Apostolic Church and the Christian Community as well as Jehovah's Witnesses are also represented in Bochum.
Before it was destroyed in 1938, the Bochum synagogue was located near the Bochum town hall. The number of Jewish citizens in Bochum fell from over 1,352 members in 1932 during the Nazi era to 33 after the end of World War II.
On November 14, 2005, in the presence of the chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany , Paul Spiegel , the foundation stone for the New Bochum Synagogue of the Bochum-Herne-Hattingen Jewish Community was laid on Castroper Strasse next to the Zeiss Planetarium in Bochum . In addition to a current daily newspaper , Mayor Ottilie Scholz laid a silver city bar as a reminder of the day in the official cornerstone . The synagogue was inaugurated on December 16, 2007. In 2014, the Bochum- Herne - Hattingen community had 1,065 members. Most of them immigrated from the states of the former Soviet Union.
In 2009, the Bochum Mosques Working Group was founded . This is an amalgamation of all communities in Bochum and pursues the goal of realizing joint projects in order to be of help to the Muslim residents as well as a better mouthpiece in society. 9 mosques are represented in the association. The Alevis are organized in the Alevi Cultural Association.
In 2013 the Thai community in Bochum inaugurated the Buddhist temple "Wat Buddhabharami" on Hannoverstrasse.
In 2016 a community for was Yazidis called "community of Yezidis" established; it is located at Alte Wittener Straße 13.
At first the head of the city was the Count's town councilor of the County of Mark . But there is evidence of a council since 1321, to which two mayors and six councilors ("council friends") belonged. The mayors were elected annually until 1744. From 1731 there was a “word-keeping mayor” who had the overall management of the city and a second mayor who was responsible for police matters and the market. There were also three senators, for construction and housing, for fire and for finance. Between 1714 and 1765 the council was appointed by the Prussian government. Then he was re-elected. In French time was a mayor , from 1815 a mayor at the top of the city. In 1843 the mayor's office in the city was separated and the revised city regulations were introduced.
During the time of the National Socialists , the Lord Mayor (OB) was appointed by the NSDAP . Bochum became the administrative seat of the NS-Gau Westfalen-Süd. After the Second World War , the military government of the British Zone of Occupation installed a new OB and in 1946 it introduced the local constitution based on the British model. Then there was a popularly elected “City Council”, whose members were called “City Councilors”. The council initially elected the mayor from among its members as chairman and representative of the city, who was active on a voluntary basis. Furthermore, from 1946 the council also elected a full-time senior city director as head of the city administration. In 1994 the dual leadership in the city administration was given up. Since then there has only been a full-time mayor. He is chairman of the council, head of the city administration and representative of the city. Together with the city director, the city treasurer and four other department heads, he forms the administrative board of the city of Bochum. He was elected directly by the people for the first time in 1999.
- Full-time mayor
- Full-time Lord Mayor
- Honorary Lord Mayor
- Full-time Lord Mayor
Senior City Directors
- 1946 Franz Geyer (not recognized by the British military government) :
- 1946–1951: Franz Schmidt , CDU
- 1952–1976: Gerhard Petschelt , SPD
- 1976–1990: Herbert Jahofer , SPD
- 1990–1993: Dieter Bongert , SPD
- 1993–1994: Burkhard Dreher , SPD
Since 2014 , 9 parties and 4 groups of voters have been represented in Bochum's city council. Five parties initially achieved parliamentary group status, the representatives of the FDP and STADTGESTALTER N merged in August 2015 to form the “FDP & Die STADTGESTALTER” parliamentary group. After the Pirate Council disbanded in April 2015, there is no more council group in the Bochum Council. Both council members elected for the pirates resigned from the party. One member joined the Greens. After a council member of the Left Party had switched to the UWG voter community, the UWG also achieved parliamentary group status. A council member left the SPD and joined the FDP / Stadtgestalter faction. Thus the Council currently has 7 political groups. 6 Council members do not belong to any parliamentary group or group. The city council currently has 84 members.
|SPD||CDU||GREEN||THE LEFT||FDP / STG||UWG||AfD||Non-attached||total|
|Non- party 1
Free Citizen Bochum 1
per NRW 1
The SPD and the Greens form a coalition in the 2014–2020 electoral period. They are thus continuing their joint work from the last electoral term.
In the past election periods, the seats in the city council were distributed as follows:
|Electoral term||CDU||SPD||Alliance 90 / The Greens||FDP||UWG||The left||Social List Bochum||NPD||AfD||Pirates||Free citizens||Pro NRW||STG||advice|
Carina Gödecke ( SPD ), Karsten Rudolph (SPD) and Serdar Yüksel (SPD) sit for Bochum in the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia , in the German Bundestag the Bundestag constituency Bochum I is represented by Axel Schäfer (SPD) and the Bundestag constituency Herne - Bochum II by Michelle Müntefering (SPD) represented.
The total debt of the City of Bochum at the end of 2012 was 2.341 billion euros. Every inhabitant was arithmetically in debt with 6471 euros. In 2017, the total loans amounting to 1.79 billion euros resulted in a per capita debt of almost 5,000 euros.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the city of Bochum is one in three rows white-red in blue geschachten beams, Brandenburg chess bar , topped with a standing black book with golden section, silver embossed cover and ornate silver two black Close. The city colors are blue and white. Today's coat of arms was adopted after the city was recently enlarged in 1975, with the red and white bar coming from the old Wattenscheid coat of arms .
The previously used coat of arms only showed the book without the white and red bar. It was crowned by a city wall . This coat of arms was officially established in 1913 and confirmed by the main statute of the city in 1953 , whereby it can already be seen in the seal impressions from the 14th century. The origin of the book as a coat of arms symbol is not known. It was sometimes referred to as the “talking coat of arms” because it was assumed that the city name Bochum came from the word book. However, this could not be confirmed. In fact, it was probably the beech forests surrounding Bochum that gave the city its name.
City partnerships and city sponsorships
Bochum has twinning partnerships with the following cities :
|Sheffield ( United Kingdom ), since 1950|
|Oviedo ( Spain ), since 1980|
|Donetsk ( Ukraine ), since 1987|
|Nordhausen ( Germany ), since 1990|
|Tsukuba (Ibaraki) ( Japan ), since November 2019|
|Xuzhou ( People's Republic of China ), since 1994 (business-related city partnership)|
|Lecco ( Italy ), since 2009 (cooperation agreement)|
From 1990 to 2013, Lufthansa’s Boeing 747-400 with the registration D-ABVD carried the baptismal name Bochum all over the world. A Lufthansa Airbus A350 -941 with the registration D-AIXF has been baptized in the name of the city since the end of 2017 . Since 2003, carries the ICE railcar of Deutsche Bahn the name of Bochum .
Culture and sights
Bochum and the Ruhr area were successful under the title RUHR.2010 in 2010 as European Capital of Culture.
In the run-up to the event , the 22nd award ceremony of the European Film Prize - the so-called "European Oscars" - took place on December 12, 2009 in Bochum's Jahrhunderthalle , framed by a European film festival .
Bochum has more than 20 drama centers ( comedy Bochum , Constantin Music Theater, The Magic Box, German Forum for Figure Theater and Puppetry , Puppetry College , Freilichtbühne Wattenscheid, Centennial Hall , Arts Center of the Ruhr-University Bochum , Prinzregententheater , Rottstraße 5 Theater , neighborhood store Rainbow , RuhrCongress Bochum , Schauspielhaus Bochum , Stadthalle Wattenscheid, Starlight Express , Kulturhaus Thealozzi , Theater der Gezeiten, Theater Thespis, Theater Total , Varieté Et cetera, Volksbühne im Saalbau Spitz, Waldbühne Höntrop, Zeitmaultheater ).
- The Schauspielhaus Bochum is one of the most renowned theaters for spoken theater in Germany. The municipal theater opened in 1915 in a former variety theater built in 1908. During the First World War , the city stage from Düsseldorf made a guest appearance there . With its own ensemble since 1919, the theater made a name for itself as a Shakespeare stage. In World War II almost completely destroyed, was built on the old foundations to 1954 today's Playhouse, which is also notable architectural (Architect: Gerhard Graubner ). The Schauspielhaus Bochum is famous not least because of its directors:
- Saladin Schmitt (1919–1949)
- Hans Schalla (1949–1972)
- Peter Zadek (1972–1979)
- Claus Peymann (1979–1986)
- Frank-Patrick Steckel (1986–1995)
- Leander Haussmann (1995-2000)
- Matthias Hartmann (2000-2005)
- Elmar Goerden (2005-2010)
- Anselm Weber (2010-2017)
- Olaf Kröck (2017-2018, interim director)
- Johan Simons (from mid-2018)
- Starlight Express - In 1988 Friedrich Kurz produced the musical Starlight Express in Bochum and had the Starlight Express Theater built especially for it. The musical has been a crowd-puller in Bochum since 1988 and has now been running for 30 years at the same location and with over 16 million visitors it is the most successful musical in the world.
- Centennial Hall - the location in West Park, Centenary Hall is one of the main venues of the Ruhr Triennale and is also used for large events of any kind - so among other things for concerts (Rock / Pop, Bochum Symphony Orchestra ), congresses, awards ceremonies (such as the Eins Live Crown or the Steiger Award ).
Museums and collections
The city of Bochum is home to over twelve museums: the farmhouse museum at Haus Kemnade , the German Mining Museum , the Bochum-Dahlhausen Railway Museum , the Helfs Hof local history museum , art collections and antiquities museum of the Ruhr University , the medical history collection of the Ruhr University Bochum , the Bochum Museum - art collection , school museum , situation art (Museum underground), telephone Museum , Hannover colliery (coal mine with tots), brewery Museum Fiege , museum Eppendorf .
Museum Bochum - Art Collection : The museum was opened in 1960 in the Villa Marckhoff. In 1983, a new building by the Danish architects Bo and Wohlert was expanded. The collection includes German art after 1945 and international art from the 20th century. The museum is located opposite the main southern entrance to Bochum City Park .
German Mining Museum : The Mining Museum was founded in 1930 by the Westfälische Berggewerkschaftskasse and the city of Bochum. It is also the center of mining history research in Germany . The headframe above the museum, which was moved from Dortmund's “Germania” colliery to this location in 1974, has become a landmark of the city that can be seen from afar . Visitors have the opportunity to take a look over the city from two viewing platforms (50 m and 62 m high). Numerous objects from mining history are exhibited in 20 halls. Under the museum there is an exhibition mine at a depth between 17 and 22 m. The technology of hard coal and iron ore mining up to the most recent times is presented over a distance of 2.5 km.
Langendreer Heimatstube : This collection on the history of the aforementioned eastern Bochum district is located in the basement of the administrative building in Langendreer . The collection founders Friedhelm Vielstich and Heinz-Richard Gräfe provide an overview of the historical development of “their” district with a large number of photos, documents, flags, uniforms and other exhibits from different eras.
Railway Museum Bochum : The Railway Museum Bochum in Dahlhausen is one of the largest museums of its kind in Germany. The vehicle collection includes more than 120 rail vehicles from the period from 1853 to the present. These exhibits give visitors a comprehensive overview of the development of locomotives and wagons on German railways. In addition to important and trend-setting types of locomotives, striking passenger and freight cars are also preserved for posterity. Many of the exhibits are considered to be rarities, as they were rarely saved from scrapping or as the only surviving specimen.
Artist documentation center
Founded in 1919 Orchestra of the city of Bochum, the Bochum Symphony Orchestra , have developed throughout its history as one of the most important concert orchestras in western Germany. The Anneliese Brost Musikforum Ruhr has been a permanent venue since October 28, 2016. Steven Sloane has been the orchestra's general music director since 1994 . The Bochum Philharmonic Choir gives around four to five concerts a year and usually performs together with the Bochum Symphony Orchestra. In one of the venues, the Audimax of the Ruhr University Bochum , there is also one of the most modern organs from the Klais organ manufacture with 82 registers.
The free rock festival Bochum Total has been taking place in downtown Bochum since 1986 . It is now one of the largest music events in Europe with 900,000 spectators.
- Alpha Boy School , Skaband
- Faithful Breath , rock band
- The cashiers , funpunk band
- Ruhrpott AG , hip-hop group
There are ten cinemas in Bochum, including:
- Capitol (in the pedestrian zone)
- Casablanca cinema (in inner-city Bermuda3eck)
- End station (cinema in the cultural center Bahnhof-Langendreer )
- Fiege -KinoOpenAir (in summer in the brewery yard)
- Märkisches Kino - Stadthalle Wattenscheid
- Metropolis Filmtheater (in Bochum Central Station)
- Union Kino Bochum (in inner-city Bermuda3eck)
- UCI Kinowelt Ruhr-Park (multiplex)
Buildings and sights
- Bochum Town Hall - Construction of the town hall began in 1926. The foundation stone was laid in 1927 and the opening on May 20, 1931. The building has a largely symmetrical floor plan. The hall building with side courtyards on both sides lies in the symmetry axis of the council courtyard. The outside is kept simple and the entrance portal and the two-story porch on the right front are the only decorative elements of the facade. The base of the building is made of hard granite stone , shell limestone was used for the facade and slate for the roof . Marble , bronze and dark wood paneling were used in the corridors and state rooms. The construction of the town hall cost the then large sum of 9.25 million Reichsmarks . Other elements of the courtyard are the bell tower and the travertine and bronze fountains. One is dedicated to Fortuna and is decorated with symbolic putti: wedding ring and slipper stand for marital happiness, the apple symbolizes fertility, the empty wallet optimism and soap bubbles the illusion. The carillon consists of 28 cast steel bells with a total weight of 2300 kilograms, each between 375 and 4 kilograms. It is the first carillon in the world made from cast steel. The bell in front of the town hall was the largest of four bells and was an attraction at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1867. It was cast by the Bochumer Verein für Bergbau und Gussstahlfabrikation AG. It stood as a memorial on the factory premises until 1979. The Krupp company transferred them to the city in 1979. With a diameter of 3.13 meters, it weighs 15,000 kilograms. Since it was damaged in World War II, it can no longer be rung.
- Propsteikirche St. Peter and Paul - The Propsteikirche is the oldest church in Bochum. Between 785 and 800, an imperial court was laid out on the site by Emperor Charlemagne and has since been rebuilt several times. Inside the provost church, numerous works of art from different eras can be seen. The Romanesque baptismal font from around 1175, the reliquary of Saint Perpetua and her slave Felicitas and the high altar with its figure of Christ from 1352 should be emphasized.
- Pauluskirche - After the Reformation, Protestants and Catholics initially shared the only church in Bochum, today's Catholic Provost Church, for a long time and not always by mutual agreement. In 1655 the Lutheran congregation began building its own house of worship. The simple Renaissance building was built until 1659 with donations from Holland , Sweden , Courland and Denmark . The Pauluskirche got its name only after 1874, when the Christ Church at the town hall was built. The Pauluskirche burned down to the outer walls as a result of a bomb attack on June 12, 1943, but was rebuilt in a simplified form after the war, giving it its present-day appearance, more like a medieval village church. In order to make the Pauluskirche more effective in the cityscape, its tower was raised in 1949, a small square was created and the buildings in the immediate vicinity were kept low. The modern windows in the chancel, created around 1960 by the Bochum artist K. Willy Heyer, show the three stages of Saul's transformation into Paul, the church's namesake. In 1974 the interior was redesigned again according to plans by Kurt Peter Kremer .
- The memorial of peace next to the church, the so-called »Mourning Old Woman«, was made by the Cologne sculptor Gerhard Marcks . It is intended to commemorate the horrors of World War II and the bombing raid on Bochum on November 4, 1944. The monument was unveiled in 1955 and is carved from basalt lava. It depicts an old woman who - probably in vain - is looking for someone.
- Christ Church Bochum - The Christ Church (built 1877–1878) was destroyed in the Second World War except for the tower. The architect Dieter Oesterlen added a modern new church building in the 1950s. Since the tower was rededicated as a war hero's memorial hall after the First World War , it remained closed for decades. With the redesign of the forecourt to the »Place of the European Promise«, a conceptual work of art by Jochen Gerz , opened in December 2015 , the tower was reopened to the public as a memorial.
- Marienkirche - With its approximately 70 meter high neo-Gothic pointed helmet, the church, built from 1868 to 1872, dominates the city expansion to the west, which is immediately adjacent to the city center. By October 28, 2016, it wasconverted and integrated intothe Anneliese Brost Musikforum Ruhr for the Bochum Symphony Orchestra.
- Zeiss Planetarium Bochum - The planetarium, which was built from 1962 to 1964 according to plans by Karl-Heinz Schwarze as head of the building construction department at the time, is located on Castroper Straße in Bochum. The building has a diameter of around 20 meters and a projection area of around 600 m². The heart of the system is the planetary . The first device of this type in Europe went into service in April 2000 in Bochum. The planetarium offers several different programs, also especially for school classes.
- Bochum Observatory - The observatory in the Sundern district , popularly known as "Kap Kaminski" in reference to the founding professor Heinz Kaminski, offers the opportunity to observe the stars on Fridays between 7:30 pm and 9:30 pm. Numerous telescopes are available for this. Inside the radome is the 20 m parabolic antenna and changing exhibitions.
- Centennial Hall - The “Centennial Hall” was built as an exhibition hall for the Bochum Association for the Düsseldorf trade exhibition in 1902 and then reused as a blower machine hall for the Bochum Association's blast furnaces. It has been expanded several times, the name Jahrhunderthalle today describes the entire building, which extends over an area of 8900 m². Since its renovation, the hall has been used for events such as the Ruhrtriennale or for symphonic concerts. It is now the center of the newly created Westpark . The Westpark was opened in the first construction phase in 1999. The parliamentary groups represented in the council discussed for a long time whether the city of Bochum could financially afford the construction of a concert hall for the Bochum Symphony Orchestra based on a design by Thomas van den Valentyn in the immediate vicinity of the Jahrhunderthalle. On October 28, 2008, the Bochum City Council decided in a special meeting to build a new concert hall: Construction work on the “Bochum Symphony” on Marienplatz in the immediate vicinity of the inner-city Marienkirche will start in May 2009 at the latest and will take place in the Capital of Culture year 2010 its completion. Even Herbert Grönemeyer organized specially for donations akquise a live charity concert with the Bochum Symphony Orchestra in Bochum's Ruhrstadion .
- Cowherd memorial - The memorial between the Propsteikirche St. Peter and Paul and Pauluskirche shows Fritz Kortebusch with his dog, the last cowherd of Bochum, who drove the cattle of the citizens to the Vöde (urban pastureland). The original figure from 1908 was melted down during World War II. In 1962 a new version was made. → see also Fritz Kortebusch.
- Kemnader See - This reservoir on the Ruhr is mainly used for water management and local recreation. There are numerous leisure facilities and attractions around the lake. The leisure pool Heveney, the StrandDeck Kemnade, a beach volleyball hall, a golf course and a sailing harbor are at the beginning of the lake. A 12 km long skater circuit around the lake was officially opened in 2014. Clubs use the lake for fishing, they also issue guest cards. The fish population ranges from eel to bream, carp, roach and pikeperch. The passenger ships MS Kemnade and MS Schwalbe II operate on the lake and the Ruhr. Also worth seeing near the weir is the Haus Kemnade moated castle in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which houses two museums .
- Stiepeler Dorfkirche - A small hall church was built around 1008. The construction was arranged by Countess Imma von Stiepel, a relative of Emperor Heinrich II and Empress Kunigunde . Between 1130 and 1170 the old church was replaced by a Romanesque basilica . The tower and the central and transepts of this church are still preserved today. From 1150 to 1200, numerous Romanesque wall and ceiling paintings were made in the interior of the church.
- Cistercian monastery and pilgrimage church of St. Marien - One of the oldest foundations in the Ruhr area is the parish in the Stiepel district (first mentioned in 885 AD) with its widely known and only Marien pilgrimage site in the diocese of Essen. Stiepel developed into a much-visited place of pilgrimage, which was confirmed in 1294 by a decree of Pope Boniface VIII. On the route from Weitmar towards Hattingen, the Cistercian monastery is visible to the eye at the entrance to Stiepel on the right. In its center rises the parish and pilgrimage church of St. Marien with the miraculous image of the "Sorrowful Mother of Stiepel". The church is framed by the monastery buildings, a pilgrimage center, the “monastery courtyard”, a restaurant set up for pilgrimages and the towering trees in the outdoor area. Every year around 40,000 pilgrims visit the pilgrimage church belonging to the area of the Cistercian monastery.
- Ruhr-Park - The Ruhr-Park in the district of Harpen was opened in November 1964 and expanded in several construction phases to currently around 126,000 m². It was the first shopping center of its kind in Germany.
- Ruhrstadion - The Ruhrstadion is the home of VfL Bochum , which was built between March 1976 and July 1979 and inaugurated with a game against SG Wattenscheid 09. The stadium has 27,599 spectators, of which 15,574 seats.
- Bochum Railway Museum - The Railway Museum is located on the site of the former Bochum-Dahlhausen railway depot. The facility was built in 1916–1918. At the end of the 1960s, coal mining in the southern Ruhr area became unprofitable and the mines closed, thus reducing rail operations in this area, so the depot became superfluous. It was closed on August 1, 1969 as an independent office and partially dismantled. The freight car repairs were stopped in 1982. The German Society for Railway History e. V. was able to gradually restore the facilities to their operational state from 1968 onwards and build the museum in its current form.
- Main cemetery Freigrafendamm - The in the district Altenbochum lying cemetery is the largest in the city. It was horticultural planned in the 1920s , the buildings in the entrance area were not erected until between 1935 and 1939. The entrance gate, the large and the small mourning hall and the crematorium most clearly reflect the architectural style of National Socialism . During the Second World War , the regime used the building as a backdrop for the central funeral services for the Bochum residents who perished in the bombing war . In addition to the civilian population and a number of German soldiers , a total of 1720 forced laborers from the former Soviet Union , who were primarily employed in the armaments industry during the war , were buried in the cemetery . Today a memorial in Latin and Cyrillic script commemorates them .
- Rudolf Steiner School Bochum , 1965. The building in Langendreer is the first school building in Europe to be built in the style of organic architecture . It was designed in the early 1960s by the architect Werner Seyfert and the artist Wilfried Ogilvie. On the basis of this experience, the architect developed further Waldorf schools with differently shaped classrooms, depending on the age of the students. An approach that to this day is only used in this pedagogy.
- Of the originally six most important public buildings in the eastern city center, which were planned during the reconstruction after the Second World War, only the main train station (1955 to 1957, architect Heinz Ruhl) and the Stadtwerkehochhaus (1952 to 1955, architect Ferdinand Keilmann) remain ), the vocational school for boys (1953 to 1954) and the administration and business academy (1952 to 1955, also by F. Keilmann). In contrast, the Stadtbad Bochum, contrary to the previously existing monument protection, was demolished in 1998; A few years earlier, the employment office, which was part of the overall urban planning , had already been removed in favor of a new hotel.
Bochum has supra-regional importance in sport, among other things through the soccer teams of VfL Bochum and SG Wattenscheid 09 . While VfL has played consistently in the first or second Bundesliga since 1971 , the first men's team in the sports community, which had been relegated from the top division in the 2006/07 season, while the women had been promoted to the first division in the same season , will stop playing on October 23, 2019. In the meantime, the SG Wattenscheid 09 women's team has been incorporated into VfL Bochum for financial reasons. In addition to football, VfL Bochum operates the following sports: badminton , basketball , fencing ( Fecht- und Sportgemeinschaft Ruhr Wattenscheid ), handball , hockey , athletics , swimming , dance , tennis , table tennis , gymnastics and volleyball .
In addition, Bochum is thanks to the German master in Steeldart, DSC Bochum , the multiple German master in billiards, DBC Bochum , the handball players from Teutonia Riemke , the basketball players from VfL AstroStars Bochum and TV Gerthe, the twelve-time German champions and multiple German cup winners in Women's water polo from Blau-Weiß Bochum , the athletes and gymnasts from TV Wattenscheid 01 as well as the Bochum Cadets (men), Bochum Rebels (men & youth) and Bochum Miners (women) who are successful in American football . In addition, Bochum has a German champion in 2007 and two European champions in 2008 (Kickerliga Bochum) in table football (P4P Rookie). Bochum is home to the Linden-Dahlhauser swimming club in 1921 . The dance sports clubs Ruhr-Casino Bochum and Dance-TournamentClub Rot-Weiß-Silber Bochum are also located here. The biannual tournament with combat robots of the German-Roboteers-Association eV in the Bochum Lakers' skater hall attracts nationwide attention.
Since July 2019 there has been a disc golf course in the Volkspark Langendreer in Bochum , which is carried out by LFC Laer.
Gastronomy / going out
The Bermuda3eck is the most important pub center in the Ruhr area with 60 restaurants. Over three million guests visit the pub mile in downtown Bochum every year, up to 30,000 guests per day in summer. Big events like the Bochum Total Festival , which takes place on the first weekend of the North Rhine-Westphalian summer holidays, attract up to 400,000 visitors every day. Furthermore, every district has its old-established restaurants, pubs and cafes.
Bochum is the location of numerous clubs, discos and cultural institutions, for example the Zeche Bochum and the Matrix Bochum , the Prater , the SAMS, the cultural center Bahnhof-Langendreer or one of the largest discos in the Ruhr area for gay men, the Stargate.
The city's red light district is located on the western edge of the city center near the production facilities of the Bochumer Verein . The facilities bear popularly more or less crude terms such as "cucumber" , "egg mountain" or "belt rolling mill" .
- March / April: Bochum Organ Days (start: Easter Monday)
- April: May evening party
- May: Puppet Theater of Nations
- May: Steam Festival at the Zeche Hannover (every two years)
- June: RUBissimo - summer festival of the Ruhr University (the day before Corpus Christi)
- June: Ruhr area amateur theater meeting
- June: Kemnade international
- June: ExtraSchicht - the night of industrial culture (throughout the Ruhr area)
- June / July: From anne Castroper (VfL Bochum summer party)
- July: Bochum Total (from 2015 on the first weekend in July)
- July / August: Stadtparkfest (family festival on the last weekend of the summer holidays in North Rhine-Westphalia )
- July / August: Sparkassen Giro Bochum (two weeks after completing the Tour de France )
- July / August: Bochum culinary (often on the last weekend of the summer holidays in North Rhine-Westphalia)
- August: Bochum Music Summer
- September: Open Flair (international cabaret and street theater)
- October: October market
- October / November: Bochum Bach Days
- October / November: Ruhr area second-hand bookshop day
- November: Children's and Youth Theater Days
- December: Christmas market
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2016, Bochum achieved, within the city limits, a gross domestic product of € 11.892 billion, placing it 30th in the ranking of German cities by economic output . In the same year, GDP per capita was € 32,596 (North Rhine-Westphalia: € 37,416 / Germany € 38,180). In 2016 there were around 184,000 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 8.1% and thus well above the average for North Rhine-Westphalia of 6.4%.
Rail / public transport
The city is connected to the surrounding cities via numerous railway connections and has a total of ten train stations or stops. Six regional train and regional express lines (RE1, RE6, RE11, RE16, RB40, RB46) and two S-Bahn lines (S1, S3) operate . The main train station is the only regular Bochum train station ICE - and IC -Stop the on the railway line Dortmund-Duisburg traffic lines. There is also local public transport. In the city there is a mostly underground tram line ( U35 from Bochum-Hustadt to Herne Schloss Strünkede) as well as seven tram lines , which also run underground in the city center. Numerous bus routes are operated by Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG (BOGESTRA) as part of the Rhine-Ruhr Transport Association (VRR) .
The three federal motorways A 40 ( Dortmund - Venlo ), A 43 ( Münster - Wuppertal ), and the A 448 , as well as a motorway-like expressway, the Bochumer Ring or the former NS 7 run through the city of Bochum . In addition, three federal highways cross the city : the B 51 ( Osnabrück - Bochum - Trier ), the B 226 ( Hagen - Bochum - Gelsenkirchen ) and the B 235 ( Datteln - Bochum - Witten ).
A connection between the A 44 and A 40 via the former NS 7, the so-called Opel-Spange, is to follow. According to current planning, the corresponding section of the Bochumer Ring will be upgraded to the 448 federal motorway . In addition, the A 40 to Essen is to be expanded to six lanes. These plans have been decided since the 1990s, originally to ensure a better connection of the Opel plant 1 in the Laer district to the transport network. Today, the focus is on improving the east-west transit through the Ruhr area.
The Ruhr cycle route also leads through Bochum.
City without a port
As one of the few cities in the Ruhr area , Bochum is not on a federal waterway ; the closest access is on the Rhine-Herne Canal in Herne to the north . In the south, the Ruhr forms the Bochum city limits. Until the middle of the 19th century, it was one of the busiest rivers in Europe and was mainly used to remove coal. Apart from the excursion traffic with the Schwalbe II and other day excursion ships, shipping has long been discontinued.
The nearest airports are in Dortmund (31 km) and Düsseldorf (47 km). There are direct connections to Düsseldorf Airport via ICE , IC , RE and S-Bahn lines. Other airports in the area are the Cologne / Bonn airport , the Niederrhein Airport , the Münster / Osnabrück airport and the Paderborn / Lippstadt Airport .
- Aral AG (headquarters) - a company of Deutsche BP AG
- Bochumer Eisenhütte Heintzmann GmbH & Co. KG - mining, tunneling and heat treatment
- Bochumer Verein Verkehrstechnik GmbH - former part of ThyssenKrupp
- Bogestra (headquarters) - Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahnen AG, local public transport company
- German Lawyers' Institute (headquarters)
- Dr. C. Otto & Comp. - Refractory materials
- Faber Lotto Service
- G Data CyberDefense (company headquarters) - provider of IT security solutions. Well-known product: G DATA AntiVirus
- Gebr. Eickhoff Maschinenfabrik u. Eisengießerei GmbH
- GLS community bank
- Meteomedia GmbH (headquarters) - private weather service, German subsidiary of the Swiss Meteomedia AG
- Möbel Hardeck - furniture store
- Opel Group Warehousing - part of the Opel Automobile GmbH
- Moritz Fiege private brewery - medium-sized regional beer brewery
- QVC - Call Center GmbH & Co. KG
- Roeser Medical
- Sparkasse Bochum - public credit institution
- Stratemeyer lens
- Unicum group of companies
- United Cinemas International
- USB Umweltservice Bochum GmbH - municipal waste disposal company (100% subsidiary of Stadtwerke Bochum )
- Volkswagen infotainment
- Vonovia SE (formerly Deutsche Annington Immobilien SE) - Germany's largest real estate company (head office)
The Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) appears with its own local edition. The Ruhr Nachrichten (RN) closed its Bochum local section on October 31, 2014. Since then, the Dortmund edition has been published in Bochum. In addition, the free advertising paper “ Stadtspiegel ” appears on Wednesdays and Saturdays . In addition, there are various free district magazines, for example “VorOrt” (for Weitmar / Eppendorf, Linden / Dahlhausen, Altenbochum / Wiemelhausen), the “Stiepeler Boten” and the “Ehrenfelder”. The free “ Langendreerer Dorfpostille ”, which was launched in 1981 in the course of socio-cultural magazine founding (1976 “Peephole” later renamed “ Prinz ”, 1978 “ Marabo ”, 1982 “Terminal”, 1983 “ coolibri ”), has a unique position . It still realizes its original concept of a political counter-public in relation to a limited local area. The oldest, continuously appearing student newspaper in the German-speaking region, the Bochumer Stadt- & Studentenzeitung (: bsz) , is published at the Ruhr University Bochum .
" Radio Bochum ", formerly "Ruhrwelle Bochum", has been broadcasting a local radio program in cooperation with Radio NRW from Oberhausen since 1990 . The editor-in-chief is Andrea Donat. Michael Ragsch is responsible for sports. The moderators of the morning show are Anuschka Fritzsche and Ansgar Borgmann. Football reporter Günther Pohl (“Tooor im Ruhrstadion”) has achieved cult status. The station started under the name Ruhrwelle, later it was renamed Radio 98.5. It has been called 98.5 Radio Bochum since February 24, 2006.
Since 1997, " CT das radio " has been broadcasting a local radio program on the frequency of 90 MHz. It is the radio of the Bochum universities and was the first campus radio on its own frequency in NRW. Before that, "Radio ct" was a program element in the Ruhrwelle community radio .
Online newspapers and blogs
My Bochum deals almost exclusively with local politics, while Bo-Alternativ also takes up cultural issues. Bochumschau.de publishes weekly films about current events and stories from Bochum. There is also another “city portal” with ja-zu-bochum.de , which is mainly aimed at a student audience. The non-commercial project bo-alternativ has been providing information on cultural, social and political life in Bochum since October 1999. Ruhrbarone has been reporting from the area since 2007 and has had a print edition since 2010. The sports editorial office of westline.de also offers extensive and daily reporting on VfL Bochum.
Bochum in film and television
Bochum offers very different motifs for filming throughout the city, which is why countless productions have been shot in Bochum so far, both television series, series and feature films, as well as feature films.
Films include Sönke Wortmann's multi-award-winning production Das Wunder von Bern with Peter Lohmeyer (filmed in the Railway Museum Bochum , among others ), A Poet in the Family with Tana Schanzara and Ernst Stötzner , Das Blaue vom Himmel with Hannelore Elsner , Juliane Köhler and David Kross , Berlin 36 with Karoline Herfurth and Thomas Thieme (including the Bochum town hall served as the “House of Sports” in the film), Renn, if you can with Robert Gwisdek and Everyone dies for himself alone with Emma Thompson , Brendan Gleeson and Daniel Brühl (including filming in the courtyards of the town hall ). In the film Arbeitsfalle (filmed in Westpark and in workers' estates, among other places ), the plot also takes place in an imaginary washing machine factory in Bochum.
One of the motivators for television films is Dieter Wedel's four-parter The Great Bellheim with Mario Adorf , Will Quadflieg and Leslie Malton , for which the Kortum department store in downtown FuZo Kortumstraße was used as the location .
“Tatort Bochum”: currently two crime series flicker across the television screen with the setting Bochum and the surrounding area: Einstein for Sat.1 and Heldt for ZDF . In 2014 Haferkamp and Koslowski also worked for Das Erste . Two real police officers should also be mentioned: the nationwide known police officers Toto & Harry are present as a documentary series on Sat.1.
The UCI cinema chain, which has its headquarters in Bochum , likes to use its multiplex cinema in Bochum's Ruhrpark shopping center as a premiere cinema . The movie Not My Day with Moritz Bleibtreu , Anna Mühe and Ralf Richter had its world premiere here. The Ruhr area comedy Bang Boom Bang has been shown permanently as a cult film in the cinema mentioned since it was released in 1999.
Something is also being done locally for the next generation: the drama school Bochum , formerly attached to the still very renowned Schauspielhaus Bochum , now a degree course at the Folkwang University, has had well-known graduates since it was founded, who play in theaters across Germany and are prominent in Film and television are busy. New rooms are currently being built for the drama school in the former Thürmer Hall near the main train station. Since 2011 Bochum has also been the only location of a training facility of the SAE Institute in the Ruhr area.
With the " look -filmfestival of the Ruhr" also one of the renowned German are Film Festival in Bochum home.
The nationwide TV learning channel nrwision bundles TV programs about Bochum or from TV makers from Bochum in its media library.
- Stadtwerke Bochum
- Employer's Liability Insurance Association for Raw Materials and Chemical Industry -BG RCI-
- Deutsche Rentenversicherung Knappschaft-Bahn-See - Headquarters
- Chamber of Industry and Commerce in the central Ruhr area of Bochum - Chamber district: District- free cities of Bochum and Herne as well as the cities of Hattingen and Witten of the Ennepe-Ruhr district
- Bochum City Library
- Library of the Ruhr Area / The House of History of the Ruhr Area
- Adult Education Center (VHS) Bochum
- Strategy Center Health North Rhine-Westphalia
- District Court Bochum
- District court Bochum
- Labor Court Bochum
Several hospitals are in the city center, while others are in the former parishes and current neighborhoods. Some of them belong to the University Clinic of the Ruhr University Bochum, which emerged in 2008 from the former Bochum model .
- Bergmannsheil University Hospital (University Hospital)
- Knappschaftskrankenhaus Bochum-Langendreer (University Hospital)
- St. Josef Hospital Bochum (University Hospital)
- St. Josefs Hospital Bochum-Linden
- St. Elisabeth Hospital Bochum (University Clinic)
- Augusta Hospital
- Center for Psychiatry (University Hospital)
- Clinic for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (University Hospital)
- Martin Luther Hospital
- Marien Hospital Wattenscheid
- St. Maria-Hilf Hospital , Bochum-Gerthe
The city of Bochum has been strongly committed to the development of the healthcare industry for several years . An essential aspect here is the development of the Bochum health campus, which is divided into the health campus NRW with various facilities of the state of NRW and the health campus Bochum as a business park. The GesundheitsCampus Bochum agency aims to strengthen the Bochum health sector and offer companies the best possible framework for developing and implementing innovative care solutions.
The following nine universities are located in Bochum:
- Ruhr University Bochum , the largest campus university in Germany, founded in 1965
- Bochum University , founded in 1972 from several previous institutions, including the State Engineering School for Mechanical Engineering, the State Engineering School for Building Recklinghausen and the Higher Business School Bochum
- Technical University Georg Agricola - The university goes back to the Bochum mountain school founded in 1816. In 1971, the Mining University of Applied Sciences was established, which in 1990 became the sponsorship of the German Mining Technology Society for Teaching and Education mbH (DMT-LB). The university has had its current name since 2016.
- Evangelical University of Rhineland-Westphalia-Lippe - Protestant University of Applied Sciences - The university of applied sciences recognized by the state in 1971 goes back to several church and diaconal institutions.
- EBZ Business School - The private university of applied sciences founded in 2008 goes back to the European education center for the housing and real estate industry.
- University of Health (HSG) - The University of Applied Sciences, founded on November 1st, 2009, offers the courses of study health and diversity in work, health and diversity, health and social space, evidence-based health care, occupational therapy, speech therapy, midwifery science, nursing and physiotherapy. The university started operations in the 2010/11 winter semester and has since moved to the NRW health campus.
- The social insurance department of the Federal University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration in Brühl has, in addition to its headquarters in Berlin , also a seat in Bochum (at the Deutsche Rentenversicherung Knappschaft-Bahn-See ).
- Drama School Bochum - The former Westphalian Drama School has been affiliated with the Folkwang University of the Arts since January 1, 2000 .
- A study center of the FOM University of Economics & Management is located in the building of the Administration and Business Academy .
In Bochum there are 42 primary schools , 7 special schools , various secondary schools and 6 vocational schools ( vocational colleges ). Around 7,000 students are currently being taught at the Bochum Music School .
Klaus Steilmann Vocational College, named after the textile entrepreneur Klaus Steilmann from Wattenscheid
Building of the Bochum music school founded in 1967 , one of the largest in Germany
The list of personalities of the city of Bochum contains the names of the sons and daughters of the city as well as other people who are connected with Bochum.
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- Irmtraud-Dietlinde Wolcke: The development of the Bochum city center (= publications of the Geographical Institute of the University of Kiel; Vol. 28, H. 1, 1968 see also http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/volltexte/2009/5568/ .)
- Westphalian city atlas ; Volume: VIII; 1 part volume. On behalf of the Historical Commission for Westphalia and with the support of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe, ed. by Heinz Stoob † and Wilfried Ehbrecht.
- Heinrich Schoppmeyer: City folder Bochum . Dortmund-Altenbecken 2004, ISBN 3-89115-168-3
- Bochum acquaintances - portraits: Volume 1 (2002, with Dariusz Wosz , Frank Goosen , Christof Wackernagel , Dietrich Grönemeyer ) ISBN 3-928781-81-2 , Volume 2 (2003, with Armin Rohde , Hennes Bender ) ISBN 3-928781- 82-0 , Volume 3 (2004, with Hugo Ernst Buyer , Chris Hopkins ) ISBN 3-928781-83-9
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- History, election and tasks
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- WAZ Nothing remains of the old Bochum
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- Sabine Mecking: Citizens will and territorial reform. Democracy development and reorganization of state and society in North Rhine-Westphalia 1965–2000 (= Studies on Contemporary History Vol. 85), Oldenbourg: Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-486-70314-6
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- Churches are calm despite the decline in membership numbers . Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, July 23, 2016
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- coalition agreement between the Greens and the SPD has been signed . ( gruene-bochum.de [accessed on March 10, 2018]).
- Debt ranking of the 103 independent cities in Germany . Household Control.de. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
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- cf. www.ngw.nl page about Bochum heraldry (English)
- Why is Bochum actually called Bochum? And what does the name have to do with the coat of arms? DerWesten , accessed February 22, 2019.
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- cf. RuhrNachrichten (RN): European Film Award at RuhrNachrichten.de, March 14, 2009 (accessed on March 14, 2009)
- cf. Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ): Film Oscar in Bochum ( Memento from December 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) at derwesten.de, March 13, 2009 (accessed on December 4, 2016)
- Wolfgang Jansen: Cats & Co. History of the musical in German-speaking theater . 1st edition. Henschel Verlag, Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-89487-584-8 , pp. 159 .
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-  Giving importance to public space, christuskirche-bochum.de
-  europeanpromise.eu, Place of the European Promise on the Internet
-  Platz mit Geschichte, HEiNZ-Magazin, November 2015
- New name in the area: Vonovia Ruhrstadion ( Memento from July 8, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Accessed: August 7, 2016
- Peter Mohr: Regionalliga: Wattenscheid 09 is at the end - the game is stopped. Lokalkompass.de of October 23, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
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- property magazine: EBZ Business School - University of Applied Sciences starts studying. November 3, 2008, accessed February 24, 2019 .
- A university in the service of the people
- School directory of the city of Bochum 2018/2019 School directory - overview 2018/2019. (PDF; 1.32 MB) City of Bochum, February 1, 2019, accessed on February 25, 2019 .