2. Bundesliga soccer
2. Bundesliga word mark
|Association||DFL German Football League|
|First edition||2nd August 1974|
|Current master||VfL Bochum (4th title)|
1. FC Cologne , 1. FC Nürnberg
SC Freiburg , Arminia Bielefeld , VfL Bochum (4 titles each)
|Record player||Willi Landgraf (508)|
|Record scorer||Dieter Schatzschneider (154)|
↑ Bundesliga (I)
↓ 3rd division (III)
The 2nd Bundesliga is the second highest division in German football . It was created eleven years after the founding of the Bundesliga in 1974 as the new, second-highest division for professional football , in order to bridge the large economic gap between professional and amateur areas, which at the time was between the Bundesliga and the five regional football leagues, which had previously been the second division was created.
The game mode of the 2nd Bundesliga changed several times. Initially, it was divided into the 2nd Bundesliga North and 2nd Bundesliga South. The first two of the league were promoted directly to the Bundesliga, while the second two determined the third promoted player in the first and second leg (if necessary, there was a play-off). This mode lasted until the 1980/81 season. With a short interruption caused by the reunification of Germany (season 91/92 with various special regulations), the game was played in a single-track league from now on. Direct climbers were the first and second place. The table third had the opportunity to qualify for the Bundesliga through two relegation games against the table sixteenth in the Bundesliga. For reasons of planning security, there were three direct promoters from the 1992/93 to 2007/08 season. Since the 2008/09 season, the old promotion mode from the years 1981 to 1991 has been used again with two safe and a possible third promoted player.
The number of relegated players from the 2nd Bundesliga also varied, as the number of participants was not always the same. By 2008 there were usually four relegated teams. Exceptions to this include the 1980/81 season, in which the qualification for the single-track 2nd Bundesliga was played, as well as the 1991/92 season, which was double-tracked due to German reunification. Since the establishment of the 3rd division in 2008, the seventeenth and eighteenth in the table have been relegated directly, while the sixteenth in the table plays against the third division in the third division in two relegation games for relegation and promotion.
All participants in the 2nd Bundesliga, including those who were relegated from the previous season, also take part in the DFB Cup .
So far, a total of 127 clubs have played in the 2nd Bundesliga. With the exception of FC Bayern Munich , which spent three seasons in the second division, but long before the establishment of the 2nd Bundesliga (namely 1955/56 and from 1963 to 1965) and SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin , which in 1973 - a year before the first staging - was dissolved, all previous Bundesliga clubs have spent one or more seasons in the 2nd Bundesliga and helped shape the league. Later national players such as Jürgen Klinsmann , Rudi Völler , Andreas Brehme , Olaf Thon and many others drew attention for the first time in the 2nd division.
The difference in performance between the top German division and the top clubs in the second division has become smaller compared to previous years; Promoted players from the 2nd Bundesliga can often play a good role in the Bundesliga straight away, even if the primary objective is mainly to stay up.
Due to the increasing response from the audience to the formation years - 5.28 million (average 17,240) viewers attended the second division games in the 2012/13 season - and the higher income from TV and sponsorship, most second division clubs are economically sound.
With the introduction of the Bundesliga in 1963, five regional leagues (South, Southwest, West, North and Berlin) were created as the second highest national German league, with the two top-ranked teams playing off the two Bundesliga promoted teams in two groups at the end of the season. With the transition from the former upper leagues to the newly created national and regional league, however, it became clear that the foundation of the Bundesliga was problematic in both sporting and economic terms, and relegation from the Bundesliga could easily ruin a club economically.
This situation was partly responsible for the Bundesliga scandal in 1971, in which Rot-Weiß Oberhausen and Arminia Bielefeld managed to stay in the Bundesliga due to manipulations in point games in the relegation battle . As a consequence of the scandal, the DFB Bundestag in Frankfurt decided on June 30, 1973 to introduce a second division for the 1974/75 season, divided into a north and a south season, which should close the gap between professional and amateur areas.
According to an elaborate point system, the clubs should be able to qualify for the new divisions. Not only the placements of the previous five seasons were decisive, but also economic and structural requirements. There was also a five-year evaluation, with the first two years being single, the next two years being double and the last year being triple. In the event of a tie, the last year should apply.
With this regulation, however, the DFB overlooked the fact that the ten regional league teams participating in the annual promotion round to the Bundesliga did not qualify for the new 2nd Bundesliga from the outset due to their placement in the 1973/74 season. In the case of 1. FC Saarbrücken , this meant that the club was accepted into the 2nd Bundesliga South after failing in the promotion round and took the place of SV Alsenborn , which also came from the Regionalliga Südwest . The SV Alsenborn, a "village club" sponsored by Fritz Walter , had failed three times in the Bundesliga promotion round in 1968, 1969 and 1970 and had clearly qualified for the new division. The DFB found that there were no conditions suitable for the second division in Alsenborn and that they could not be achieved in the foreseeable future and downgraded SV Alsenborn to the then third-class amateur league Southwest, although the club had a successful participation in one of the three rounds of promotion to the Bundesliga Special permission would have been allowed to play even in the top division (but not in Alsenborn, but in Kaiserslautern or Ludwigshafen).
Two-track 2nd Bundesliga (1974–1981)
In 1974 the 2nd Bundesliga was introduced as the “lower house” of the Bundesliga . 40 football clubs , divided into two seasons (north and south), played together for the first time for promotion to the upper house of football. It was decided that the respective season winners would move up to the Bundesliga, while the two runners-up played a third promoted player in the first and second leg. The three bottom of the table were relegated from the Bundesliga and were classified in the 2nd Bundesliga North or 2nd Bundesliga South, depending on their regional affiliation. Since the number of promoted and relegated teams within the individual relays was not always balanced in this process, in some seasons 21 or even 22 clubs had to be played in one group.
With the Friday evening game between 1. FC Saarbrücken and Darmstadt 98 kicked off on August 2, 1974 , the first season of the 2. Bundesliga began. Saarbrücken's Nikolaus Semlitsch scored the first goal in the 18th minute. The 1-0 win was also the end result of the first second division game. The first league leaders were SC Fortuna Köln (North) and VfR Heilbronn (South).
The newly created 2nd league became more attractive than the previous regional leagues. Not only were more and more spectators lured into the stadiums of the second division by the increasing quality of the teams; You could also soon find great coach names in the league. Sun hired Helmuth Johannsen , the former champion coach of Eintracht Braunschweig , the Saarland association Röchling Völklingen on, Hans Tilkowski coached 1. FC Nuremberg , Max Merkel TSV 1860 Munich and Otto Knefler Borussia Dortmund . The stars of the new league included Helmut Haller at FC Augsburg , Lothar Emmerich at Schweinfurt 05 , Hans Walitza at 1. FC Nürnberg and Klaus-Dieter Sieloff at Alemannia Aachen . In addition, with the Argentinian Carlos Babington ( SG Wattenscheid 09 ) and Haiti's goalkeeper Henri Françillon (TSV 1860 Munich), two stars of the 1974 World Cup remained in the country.
The wave of mergers that had previously been expected at some Berlin clubs, but also in Mannheim or Gütersloh for the introduction of the 2nd Bundesliga, did not materialize at first.
Single track 2nd Bundesliga (1981–1991)
In 1981 the single-track 2nd Bundesliga was introduced with 20 clubs. There was again a sophisticated system for qualifying for the new league. First, the clubs had to meet technical qualification criteria. These stipulated that the stadiums had to hold at least 15,000 spectators and that they had to have floodlights within a certain period of time. If these requirements were met, sporting criteria came into play. The four first-placed teams of the north and south relays as well as the relegated Bundesliga teams were automatically qualified. The other participants were determined using a so-called "place number". This was calculated from the positions in the table achieved over the past three years. The lower this determined place number was, the better the club was placed. In the 1978/79 season , the table position was multiplied by one, 1979/80 by two and 1980/81 by three. Years of Bundesliga membership were rated as zero. For senior league years in which the promotion was not made, there were 20 points, for the seasons with promotion 16.
After the introduction of the single-track 2nd Bundesliga for the 1981/82 season, the rule was that the teams in the first two places in the table were promoted directly to the Bundesliga at the end of the season and the third-placed two so-called relegation games with the third from bottom of the previous first division round for promotion and / or remaining had to play in the Bundesliga.
After reunification (1991–1996)
Since clubs of the NOFV (clubs of the former GDR ) also played from 1991 , the league had to be increased. In the 1991/92 season , six NOFV clubs were initially included in the league, so that the number of participants increased to 24. In order to keep the number of game days low, they returned to the relay system and played in two seasons of 12 teams. Although five teams were relegated to the league this season and only three were promoted from the league, but since four clubs were relegated from the Bundesliga and only two were promoted there, 24 clubs took part in the game again in the following season.
At the request of the clubs, they returned to the single-track league, so that there was a mammoth season with 46 game days in the 1992/93 season. At the end of the season seven clubs were relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga and three from the major leagues, so that the 1993/94 season was played with 20 participants. Only in the following season 1994/95 the still valid number of 18 teams was reached.
Audience boom (since 1996)
With the relegation of traditional clubs such as Eintracht Frankfurt , 1. FC Kaiserslautern (both for the first time in 1996), 1. FC Cologne (for the first time in 1998) and Borussia Mönchengladbach (for the first time in 1999), the second division experienced an enormous audience boom. The effect was reinforced by the increasing capacity and the expanded quality of the stadiums. The games are now watched by an average of over 21,000 viewers per game (2016/17 season). The second Bundesliga thus has a similar audience average as the first leagues in the Netherlands ( Eredivisie ), France ( Ligue 1 ) and Italy ( Serie A ), and together with the English Football League Championship, it is the second soccer league with the most viewers . In the 1996/97 season, 75,000 spectators saw in the Berlin Olympic Stadium the game of Hertha BSC against 1. FC Kaiserslautern. In the 2010/11 season , an additional grandstand was built at the same venue, and 77,116 spectators were able to set a second division record for the Hertha game against FC Augsburg.
The league gained more public attention through the live broadcast of games (including the regular Monday game on Sport1 , formerly DSF).
In the 2004/05 season , several games of the 2nd Bundesliga and the regional league were manipulated by the then soccer referee Robert Hoyzer as part of the betting scandal . The game between LR Ahlen and Wacker Burghausen from the 2nd Bundesliga therefore had to be repeated on April 27, 2005.
Since the 2008/09 season , the winner of a season has received its own trophy. The reason given by DFL Managing Director Tom Bender was : “The championship trophy is the most important symbol of sporting competition in the Bundesliga. We would like to honor this special achievement with our own trophy for the champions of the 2nd Bundesliga. ”The championship trophy is made of silver and weighs eight and a half kilograms. It has a diameter of half a meter and is insured for 30,000 euros. As the champions of the 2008/09 season, SC Freiburg was the first club to receive this trophy on May 24, 2009. All second division champions since the introduction of the single-track second division in 1981/82 are engraved on the shell.
Promoted and relegated in the 2nd Bundesliga
See also: Promotion to the Bundesliga
Promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga
The promoters were played in promotion rounds from 1974 to 1994 . After that, there were four promoted players from the regional leagues by 2008. Since 2009, two clubs from the 3rd league have been promoted directly, the last participant will be determined in two relegation games against the sixteenth of the table in the 2nd Bundesliga.
- 1981: Due to the merging of the two seasons, there were no promoters in 1981
- 1982: FSV Frankfurt , FC Augsburg , BV Lüttringhausen , TuS Schloß Neuhaus
- 1983: Rot-Weiß Oberhausen , SC Charlottenburg , SSV Ulm 1846 , 1. FC Saarbrücken
- 1984: VfR Bürstadt , FC 08 Homburg , FC St. Pauli , Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin
- 1985: VfL Osnabrück , Tennis Borussia Berlin , Viktoria Aschaffenburg , SpVgg Bayreuth
- 1986: SSV Ulm 1846 , FSV Salmrohr , FC St. Pauli , Rot-Weiss Essen
- 1987: Kickers Offenbach , SpVgg Bayreuth , SV Meppen , BVL 08 Remscheid
- 1988: Eintracht Braunschweig , Hertha BSC , Viktoria Aschaffenburg , 1. FSV Mainz 05
- 1989: KSV Hessen Kassel , SpVgg Unterhaching , MSV Duisburg , Prussia Münster
- 1990: VfB Oldenburg , TSV Havelse , 1. FSV Mainz 05 , 1. FC Schweinfurt 05
- 1991: FC Remscheid , TSV 1860 Munich , BSV Stahl Brandenburg , VfB Leipzig
- 1992: Wuppertaler SV , VfL Wolfsburg , SpVgg Unterhaching
- 1993: TSV 1860 Munich , Rot-Weiss Essen , Tennis Borussia Berlin
- 1994: Fortuna Düsseldorf , FSV Frankfurt , FSV Zwickau
- 1995: SpVgg Unterhaching , VfB Lübeck , FC Carl Zeiss Jena , DSC Arminia Bielefeld
- 1996: VfB Oldenburg , Rot-Weiss Essen , FC Gütersloh , Stuttgarter Kickers
- 1997: SpVgg Greuther Fürth , FC Energie Cottbus , SG Wattenscheid 09 , 1. FC Nürnberg
- 1998: SSV Ulm 1846 , Rot-Weiß Oberhausen , Hanover 96 , Tennis Borussia Berlin
- 1999: SV Waldhof Mannheim , Kickers Offenbach , Chemnitzer FC , Alemannia Aachen
- 2000: LR Ahlen , SSV Reutlingen 05 , 1. FC Saarbrücken , VfL Osnabrück
- 2001: SV Babelsberg 03 , 1. FC Union Berlin , Karlsruher SC , 1. FC Schweinfurt 05
- 2002: SV Wacker Burghausen , Eintracht Trier , VfB Lübeck , Eintracht Braunschweig
- 2003: SSV Jahn Regensburg , SpVgg Unterhaching , FC Erzgebirge Aue , VfL Osnabrück
- 2004: FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt , 1. FC Saarbrücken , Rot-Weiss Essen , Dynamo Dresden
- 2005: Eintracht Braunschweig , SC Paderborn 07 , Kickers Offenbach , Sportfreunde Siegen
- 2006: FC Augsburg , TuS Koblenz , Rot-Weiss Essen , FC Carl Zeiss Jena
- 2007: SV Wehen , TSG Hoffenheim , FC St. Pauli , VfL Osnabrück
- 2008: Rot Weiss Ahlen , Rot-Weiß Oberhausen , FSV Frankfurt , FC Ingolstadt 04
- 2009: 1. FC Union Berlin , Fortuna Düsseldorf , SC Paderborn 07
- 2010: VfL Osnabrück , FC Erzgebirge Aue , FC Ingolstadt 04
- 2011: Eintracht Braunschweig , FC Hansa Rostock , Dynamo Dresden
- 2012: SV Sandhausen , VfR Aalen , SSV Jahn Regensburg
- 2013: Karlsruher SC , Arminia Bielefeld
- 2014: 1. FC Heidenheim , RB Leipzig , SV Darmstadt 98
- 2015: Arminia Bielefeld , MSV Duisburg
- 2016: Dynamo Dresden , FC Erzgebirge Aue , Würzburger Kickers
- 2017: MSV Duisburg , Holstein Kiel , SSV Jahn Regensburg
- 2018: 1. FC Magdeburg , SC Paderborn 07
- 2019: VfL Osnabrück , Karlsruher SC , SV Wehen Wiesbaden
- 2020: Eintracht Braunschweig , Würzburger Kickers
- 2021: Dynamo Dresden , Hansa Rostock , FC Ingolstadt 04
See also: Promotion to the 2nd Bundesliga
|1||1. FC Cologne||4th|
|1. FC Nuremberg|
|9||1. FC Kaiserslautern||2|
|1. FC Saarbrücken|
|FC Schalke 04|
|SV Darmstadt 98|
- The 2nd Bundesliga is the only soccer league in Germany in which teams from all federal states have already played.
- SpVgg Greuther Fürth has collected the most points at the end of the 2019/20 season . Since 1974, the club has won 1,603 points in 1,092 second division games and has been at the top of the all-time table of the 2nd Bundesliga since September 2017 . This is followed by Alemannia Aachen with 1481 points from 1020 games and FC St. Pauli with 1459 points from 994 games.
- SpVgg Greuther Fürth scored the most hits with 1605 in 1092 games.
- The best goal difference was achieved by Hannover 96 with +317.
- So far, eight clubs have managed to "march through" from the third highest division to the Bundesliga: TSV 1860 Munich 1994, Fortuna Düsseldorf 1995, Arminia Bielefeld 1996, 1. FC Nuremberg 1998, SSV Ulm 1846 1999, 1899 Hoffenheim 2008, SV Darmstadt 98 2015, SC Paderborn 2019.
- The most consistent club in this league was Fortuna Köln , which remained in the 2nd Bundesliga for 26 years without interruption until 2000. The currently “longest serving” team (as of the end of the 2020/21 season) is VfL Bochum, which played second-rate without interruption from 2010 to 2021.
- Hertha BSC achieved the best season record in the single-track 2. Bundesliga in the 2012/13 season with 22 wins, 10 draws and 2 defeats, i.e. 76 points (three-point rule). However, this result was exceeded in absolute terms in the "unification season " 1992/93 , when 24 teams played in the league and 46 match days took place.
- For a comparison of the season results in the 2. Bundesliga as a whole (both single and double track time), the numbers are more meaningful relative to the number of games, because the size of the league and the relays changed several times. Arminia Bielefeld achieved the best relative season result in the 1979/80 season with 78.9% wins, 15.8% draws and 5.3% defeats, 1.737: 0.263 points (two-point rule) or 2.526 points (three-point rule), 3.158: 0.816 goals , Goal difference +2,342. This is also the record for the absolute goal difference (+89). The best result in absolute points was that of Werder Bremen in 1980/81 (68:16 points, 98 according to the three-point rule - season size 22, i.e. 42 game days).
- Horst Hrubesch scored the most goals in one season for Rot-Weiss Essen (42 goals in the 1977/78 season ).
- Hertha BSC scored the most goals this season with 123 goals in the 1980/81 season .
- The only team managed the Karlsruher SC in the 2006/07 season to stand on all 34 match days, a second division season on a promotion place.
- Willi Landgraf played the most games in the 2nd Bundesliga with a total of 508 games for Rot-Weiss Essen (119), FC 08 Homburg (107), FC Gütersloh (94) and Alemannia Aachen (188). Landgraf never played in the Bundesliga, but he did play for the then second division team Aachen in the UEFA Cup.
- Arminia Bielefeld celebrated the highest victory in the 2nd Bundesliga in the 1979/80 season in an 11-0 win against Arminia Hannover . Four more games in the 2nd division also ended with a double-digit result. FC St. Pauli won 10-2 in the 1974/75 season against VfL Wolfsburg and Freiburg FC against FV 04 Würzburg in the 1979/80 season. FC Bayern Hof defeated the team from BSV 07 Schwenningen (1976/77) with 10: 1 . Karlsruher SC scored a 10-0 win against ESV Ingolstadt-Ringsee (1979/80 season). The highest victory after the introduction of the single-track 2nd Bundesliga in 1981 was achieved by FC Hansa Rostock in the 2008/09 season with a 9-0 win against TuS Koblenz . A team left a total of five times as 8-0 winners, namely SV Waldhof Mannheim against BV Lüttringhausen (1982/83 season), Hannover 96 against Karlsruher SC (1986/87 season), SV Darmstadt 98 against FSV Salmrohr (also 1986/87), the Stuttgarter Kickers at SSV Ulm 1846 (1987/88 season) and SpVgg Unterhaching against 1. FC Saarbrücken (2001/02 season).
- The game with the highest number of goals was the 7: 6 between 1. FC Kaiserslautern and SV Meppen on matchday 34 of the 1996/97 season.
- The most scoring away win was SC Paderborn's 8: 3 against FC Erzgebirge Aue on the 32nd matchday of the 2020/21 season.
- With six goals, Ottmar Hitzfeld scored the most goals in a game in the 1976/77 season in the home game of VfB Stuttgart against SSV Jahn Regensburg (final score 8: 0).
- Benjamin Siegert from SV Wehen Wiesbaden scored not only the fastest goal in the history of the second division but also in German professional football after eight seconds in a 1-1 draw against SpVgg Greuther Fürth on October 5, 2007 .
- The most common pairings were Fortuna Köln against Hannover 96 and SG Wattenscheid 09 (40 games each in 20 seasons).
- The game with the largest number of spectators in the 2nd Bundesliga was in the 2010/11 season, when 77,116 spectators saw the game between Hertha BSC and FC Augsburg . The game between Alemannia Aachen and 1. FC Nürnberg 2003/04, which was carried out as a ghost game with zero spectators after fanatic riots, had the lowest number of spectators .
|1||Willi Landgraf||Alemannia Aachen (188), Rot-Weiss Essen (119), FC 08 Homburg (107), FC Gütersloh (94)||508|
|2||Joaquín Montañés 2||Alemannia Aachen||477|
|3||Karl-Heinz Schulz||SC Freiburg (287), Freiburg FC (176)||463|
|4th||Hans Wulf||KSV Hessen Kassel (231), Black and White Essen (118), Wormatia Worms (59), Hannover 96 (32)||440|
|5||Wolfgang Kruger||Union Solingen||427|
|6th||Hans-Jürgen Gede||Fortuna Cologne (345), Prussia Munster (72)||417|
|7th||Andreas Helmer||SV Meppen (242), VfL Osnabrück (167)||409|
|8th||Gerd Paulus||Kickers Offenbach (302), Röchling Völklingen (103)||405|
|9||Oliver Posniak||SV Darmstadt 98 (290), FSV Frankfurt (113)||403|
|10||Dirk Horn||Fortuna Cologne (212), Union Solingen (189)||401|
|Status: Status: end of season 2018/19|
Record goal scorers
|1||Dieter Schatzschneider||Hannover 96 (132), Fortuna Cologne (22)||154|
|2||Karl-Heinz Mödrath||Fortuna Cologne (144), Alemannia Aachen (7)||151|
|3||Simon Terodde||VfL Bochum (41), 1. FC Cologne (29), VfB Stuttgart (25), Hamburger SV (24), 1. FC Union Berlin (23), FC Schalke 04 (1)||143|
|4th||Theo Gries||Hertha BSC (67), Alemannia Aachen (47), Hannover 96 (8)||123|
|5||Sven Demandt||1. FSV Mainz 05 (55) 3 , Fortuna Düsseldorf (49), Hertha BSC (17)||121|
|6th||Walter Krause||Kickers Offenbach (97), SG Wattenscheid 09 (13), Rot-Weiß Oberhausen (9)||119|
|7th||Daniel Jurgeleit||Union Solingen (59), FC 08 Homburg (34), VfB Lübeck (24)||117|
|Franz Gerber||FC St. Pauli (42), ESV Ingolstadt (23), TSV 1860 Munich (20), Wuppertaler SV (19), Hannover 96 (13)|
|9||Gerd-Volker shock||VfL Osnabrück (95), Arminia Bielefeld (21)||116|
|10||Paul Linz||VfL Osnabrück (52), Freiburg FC (36), Waldhof Mannheim (16), OSC Bremerhaven (11)||115|
|As of July 23, 2021|
The table gives an overview of the development of audience numbers since the 1994/95 season. The respective record number is shown in bold .
|season||cut||Games||total||Highest average attendance|
|1994/95||7,315||306||2,238,271||17,211||FC St. Pauli|
|1995/96||7,518||306||2,300,480||16,465||1. FC Nuremberg|
|1996/97||8,952||306||2,739,431||36,680||1. FC Kaiserslautern|
|1997/98||9,291||306||2,843,170||24,759||1. FC Nuremberg|
|1999/00||12.208||306||3,735,624||28,853||1. FC Cologne|
|2002/03||11,124||306||3,403,895||26,459||1. FC Cologne|
|2003/04||9,515||306||2,911,458||16,152||1. FC Nuremberg|
|2004/05||13,513||306||4,135,108||38,482||1. FC Cologne|
|2005/06||13,153||306||4,024,776||41,932||TSV 1860 Munich|
|2006/07||16,706||306||5,112,072||42.194||1. FC Cologne|
|2007/08||18,142||306||5,551,586||43,763||1. FC Cologne|
|2008/09||15,734||306||4,814,737||34,409||1. FC Kaiserslautern|
|2009/10||15,085||306||4,616,048||35,398||1. FC Kaiserslautern|
|2012/13||17,234||306||5,273,549||40,688||1. FC Cologne|
|2013/14||17,891||306||5,474,669||46,235||1. FC Cologne|
|2014/15||17,669||306||5,406,708||33,013||1. FC Kaiserslautern|
|2015/16||19,176||306||5,868,008||30,724||1. FC Nuremberg|
|2017/18||17,584||306||5,380,757||30,558||1. FC Nuremberg|
|2018/19||19,128||306||5,853,246||49,547||1. FC Cologne|
|2019/20 3||14,798||306||4,528,076||39.503||VfB Stuttgart|
|2020/21 3||331||306||101,422||982||Hannover 96|
Second division in the European Cup
So far, clubs of the 2nd Bundesliga have participated in the European Cup six times:
- After integration of the East German communications in the now all-German DFB 1991, incorporated in the 2. Bundesliga former GDR Oberliga took FC Rot-Weiss Erfurt and Chemnitzer FC 1991/92 on UEFA Cup part. While Halle was eliminated in the first round against Torpedo Moscow , Erfurt lost to Ajax Amsterdam in the second round .
- In 1992/93 Hannover 96 took part in the European Cup Winners' Cup as the DFB Cup winner . In the first round, despite a 2: 1 in the second leg at home against defending champions Werder Bremen, due to a 1: 3 defeat in the first leg , 96 narrowly eliminated from the competition.
- In 1996/97 , the DFB Cup winner 1. FC Kaiserslautern took part in the European Cup Winners' Cup after relegating to the 2nd Bundesliga, but lost after a 1-0 and 0-4 n.V. against Red Star Belgrade also in the 1. Round off.
- In 2001/02 , the second division 1. FC Union Berlin qualified for the UEFA Cup, as the team (still as a third division) was inferior to the Schalke 04 team in the cup final, but they took part in the Champions League through their runner-up. After a win against Haka Valkeakoski from Finland, the Berlin team was eliminated in the second round against the Bulgarian team Litex Lovetsch .
- In 2004/05 , Alemannia Aachen was also able to take part in the UEFA Cup as a defeated cup finalist, as the cup winner Werder Bremen took part in the Champions League as champions. Aachen reached the group stage against the Icelandic team FH Hafnarfjörður and even the round of the last 32 teams (round of 32) through victories against OSC Lille and AEK Athens , but were eliminated after a 0-0 and 1-2 against AZ Alkmaar .
Since the DFB-Pokal 2014/15, only one victory in the cup final qualifies for participation in the Europa League.
- Overview football league system
- Eternal table of the 2nd Bundesliga
- List of the most successful goal scorers in the 2nd Bundesliga
- List of top scorers in the 2nd Bundesliga
- Bundesliga archive ( Memento from July 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Data archive of the 2nd Bundesliga
- Championship trophy for the second division champions
- Matthias Weinrich: Second League Almanac. All players. All clubs. All results. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2001, ISBN 3-89784-190-8 .
Notes and individual references
- The establishment of the 2nd Bundesliga North and South. In: heldenmagazin.de. Block Eins publishing house, accessed on June 20, 2010 .
- Edgar Lopez: Football: Because of the second division . In: Die Zeit Online . July 28, 2017 (  [accessed August 27, 2018]).
- DFL honors the second division champions with their own trophy. In: Focus . July 1, 2008, accessed June 20, 2010 .
- 2nd Bundesliga season 1980/1981. In: fussballdaten.de. Retrieved July 30, 2013 .
- Record player in the 2nd Bundesliga. German Football Association, accessed on June 3, 2017 .
- Record scorer in the 2nd Bundesliga. German Football Association, accessed on June 3, 2017 .
- Terodde's anticipation of the party cellar - with "Bierchen" , kicker.de, September 28, 2020, accessed on September 29, 2020.
- Profile on Weltfußball.de
- Profile on fussballdaten.de.
- 2nd Bundesliga 2018/2019 - spectators. Retrieved May 20, 2019 .