1. FC Kaiserslautern

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1. FC Kaiserslautern
Club coat of arms of 1. FC Kaiserslautern
Template: Infobox football company / maintenance / no picture
Surname 1. Football Club Kaiserslautern
e. V. (1. FCK)
Seat Kaiserslautern , Rhineland-Palatinate
founding June 2, 1900 (according to statutes)
March 1, 1909 (according to statutes)
June 19, 1946 (re-establishment)
Colours Red White
Members 17,037 (January 2020)
Board Wolfgang Erfurt (Chairman)
Tobias Frey
Steven Dooley
Dagmar Eckel
Gero Scira
Football company
Template: Infobox football company / maintenance / no picture
Surname 1. FC Kaiserslautern
GmbH & Co. KGaA
Limited partners 1. FC Kaiserslautern e.V. V.
Six regional entrepreneurs
General partner GmbH 1. FC Kaiserslautern
Management GmbH
→ 100%: 1. FC Kaiserslautern e. V.
Managing Director
(general partner GmbH)
Soeren Oliver Voigt
Website fck.de
First team
Head coach Boris Schommers
Venue Fritz Walter Stadium
Places 49,850
league 3rd league
2019/20 10th place
Table position development 1. FC Kaiserslautern (1963/64 to 2016/17)
Aerial view of the Fritz Walter Stadium, the venue of 1. FCK

The 1. FC Kaiserslautern (in short: 1. FCK or FCK; Nickname: The "Red Devils") is an in 1900 established sports club from Kaiserslautern with 17,037 members (as of January 2020) and is one of the forty most members sports clubs in Germany . In addition to the football department, he maintains the departments of basketball , boxing , FCK Portuguese , handball , hockey , running , athletics , wheelchair basketball and triathlon .

1. FCK became internationally known primarily for its football department. Home of the footballers is the Fritz-Walter-Stadion in Kaiserslautern, named after the captain of the DFB national team , which won the world championship in 1954. As a founding member of the Bundesliga , the club played in the first division from 1963 to 1996.

The greatest national successes are four German championships and two DFB Cup victories , which were won in 1951, 1953, 1991 and 1998 and 1990 and 1996 respectively. What is unique is that FCK won the German championship as a newcomer in the 1997/98 season . In the all-time table of the Bundesliga, FCK is currently in eleventh place. Since the Bundesliga was founded, FCK have been leaders 91 times.

The greatest international successes are reaching the Champions League quarter-finals in 1999 and participating in the UEFA Cup semi -finals twice .


Pedigree of the association and history up to the last merger

The pioneer of football in Kaiserslautern is the teacher Georg Pöppl, who let his students play football at the Royal Bavarian District Secondary School. In June 1895 he proposed in a letter to the city administration that the football game be officially introduced in the city. On July 13, 1895, he demonstrated the sport of soccer to the population in a "soccer audition" for his students on Maxplatz in the city. Five days later, Pöppl finally received the city's approval to use a field as a venue for soccer games free of charge. Later Pöppl was offered another place ("Im Ländel"). At that time (from 1896) the place was used by school and extracurricular teams, but no clubs were registered yet.

The history of the first football clubs in Kaiserslautern can no longer be exactly reconstructed, and there are some contradicting information. In more recent major publications on the history of the FCK There is agreement that the current association initiated by Pöppl as a starting point (s) Football A group of Kaiserslautern and the football club Kaiserslautern or its merger for football club Kaiserslautern in 1900 can be considered. There are two different assumptions regarding the founding dates of these clubs: According to one assumption, the football company and the football club were both founded one month apart in 1899 and the merger took place in January 1900; after the other, the soccer club was not founded until the end of May 1900 and the merger was completed soon afterwards. The founding date anchored in the association's statutes is June 2, 1900, relates to the merger and goes back to a single article from 1940. However, no evidence was found for this date in retrospect. Since there is no other exact date available, the association is sticking to this date for practical reasons. In addition to the soccer company, a third version names a soccer club Germania 1896 as a merger partner.

West district champion 1909 : FC 1900 Kaiserslautern

On March 4, 1901, FC Palatia 1901 Kaiserslautern was founded, and FC Bavaria 1902 Kaiserslautern was formed through a spin-off from FC 1900 on July 17, 1902 . FC 1900 achieved their first major success in club football in Kaiserslautern when they won the Westkreis championship in 1909 . On March 1, 1909, FC 1900, Palatia and Bavaria merged to form FV Kaiserslautern . Under the new name, the club entered the final round of the South German soccer championship with three other district champions, but had no chance. The FVK belonged to the Western District League until 1914, without it being enough for further championships. During the First World War , the FVK could not take part in the already limited game operations until 1917 because too many players were drafted as soldiers. In the autumn of 1917 and in the spring of 1918, the FVK took part in the leagues played in the Pfalzgau. After the war, most of the players in the first team were killed or wounded, and FVK no longer had a football pitch after a lease that had become too expensive. In the following years, a new stadium was built on the Betzenberg by the members themselves , which was inaugurated in May 1920 and from then on remained the club's venue. The FVK was a founding member of the new top division, the district league, in 1919, but played no leading role there. The 1920/21 season in particular was disappointing when the team finished third from bottom of the table. On the occasion of this development, the FVK announced a position as a professional trainer during the season, but this was not filled until the next season with the Hungarian Franz Kónya , who stayed for a year. In the course of a league reform in 1923, the FVK rose together with local rivals VfR Kaiserslautern in the second-rate district league, so that for the first time no Kaiserslautern club was represented in the top division.

FC Phönix Kaiserslautern (later SV Phönix) was founded in 1910 . The club played with the FVK after its relegation together in the district league Hinterpfalz. The FVK was champion in 1924 and 1928, but failed each in the subsequent promotion round; Phoenix usually took a middle place in the final table. The last merger in the club's history resulted in the unification of FVK and Phönix on May 28, 1929, the FV Kaiserslautern Phönix , which in 1931, eight years after the decline of the FVK, rose again to the top class. A few weeks after the decisive final game in the promotion round, the club's name was changed to 1. FC Kaiserslautern on July 18, 1931 .

Development of the club crest

Gauliga (1933-1945)

Two years after being promoted back to the district league, FCK qualified as runner-up in 1933 for the final round of the South German Football Championship, in which the team was, however, last in their group. After the seizure of power in 1933, the seven regional associations of the DFB were dissolved, replaced by 16 Gaue and the new top division, the Gauliga, introduced in as many seasons. Since 1931 Ludwig Müller has been the club's chairman , under whom the principle of leadership was anchored in the FCK as with all clubs during the Nazi regime, but despite being a party member that was necessary for the office of "club leader", he was distant from the NSDAP and was already in December 1934 was relieved of his office for a short time due to a lack of political loyalty. In addition, he positioned himself against the plan of the NSDAP district leadership to dissolve the FCK as part of a major merger. Economically, the club has been in a crisis since the construction of a new grandstand in the Betzenberg stadium in 1933. The costs of the larger football clubs, which resulted from an actual professionalization with a formal amateur status, also increased during this time. Under Müller, the FCK had covertly paid players and disguised revenue for financing. Because of these violations, the DFB banned him from all offices in February 1936. He was succeeded by August Nebling . From 1938 the management of the association was occupied by Nazi politicians in the person of Carl Allbrecht (1938–1941) and Hans Philipp (1941–1945). Allbrecht hardly carried out the official business, so that u. a. In 1940, Ludwig Müller took over the office of club manager provisionally again for a few months.

In 1935 the FCK was relegated from the Gauliga Südwest to the district class, returned to the Gauliga in 1937 and relegated again. In the final phase of the 1937/38 season, Fritz Walter played in friendly matches for the first time in the first team of 1. FC Kaiserslautern. He made his competitive debut in 1938/39 against SV Niederauerbach. Fritz Walter scored four goals in the 8-1 victory for Lauterer. With Walter joining the first team, the team from Lauter achieved sporting successes: In 1939, FCK, who had previously been relegated from the Gauliga, became champions of the Mittelpfalz district class and scored 4-0 in the decider against SG Burbach (three goals by Fritz Walter) the return to the Gauliga Südwest, which is now divided into two seasons. The coach of the promotion team was Karl Berndt . Berndt had replaced the coach Maximilian Eheberg, who had looked after the team for only one year, in 1938. In 1940 the FCK won the Gauliga championship in the Saarpfalz season as a promoted team. The championship was also the first "war championship", as the sports competitions were now called. In the finals of the area war championship you lost to the master of the Mainhessen group, Kickers Offenbach . On July 14, 1940, the then 19-year-old Walter made his debut in the German national team in a 9: 3 against Romania (triple goalscorer: Fritz Walter). Walter became the first national player for FCK. This year the first team of the FCK is known through the media as the "Walter team". In 1942 the FCK won the championship in the new Gauliga Westmark . This was the first time they were qualified for the final round of the German championship . There 1. FC Kaiserslautern Waldhof Mannheim defeated 7-1. In the last sixteen they were eliminated with a 3: 9 against FC Schalke 04 . It is also worth mentioning a league game against FK Pirmasens in March 1942 from this time , which the Lauterer won 26-0. Fritz Walter scored 13 goals in this game. Until 1944, when the game was stopped due to the war, the FCK belonged to the top division. The fact that gradually many players were drafted into the military was reflected in the results: In 1943 the Lauterer, meanwhile with many guest players, some of whom were stationed here, reached fifth place (out of ten), in 1944 they came in last. In the last year of the war, the FCK formed a war syndicate with VfR Kaiserslautern and TSG Kaiserslautern , which no longer played competitive games.

Oberliga (1945–1963)

The " Walter -Elf" won two championships and was known throughout Germany
The five Kaiserslautern World Cup heroes from Bern in bronze in front of the Fritz Walter Stadium in Kaiserslautern , from left to right: Werner Liebrich, Fritz Walter, Werner Kohlmeyer, Horst Eckel, Ottmar Walter

In October 1945 Fritz Walter and his brother Ludwig returned to Kaiserslautern after being prisoner of war in Romania. Many FCK footballers had died in the war (from the first team (without guest players) by name: Theobald Baumann , Herbert Rasch and Heinrich Schaub ) and the club officially no longer existed. Not long after their return, however, Fritz Walter was the first to do some construction work and put a team back together. Initially, the sports facility on the Erbsenberg, home of VfR Kaiserslautern , was the team's training ground. In the winter of 1945/46, the previously confiscated Betzenberg, which at that time was called “Stade Monsabert”, named after a French general, was returned and the association was re-established on June 19, 1946, with the permission of the French occupying forces. Through connections of the President Paul Karch it could be achieved that the old club name was retained. The clubs of the former Gauliga Südwest agreed in December 1945 to resume play based on the model of the Oberliga Süd, whose first season had already started a month earlier. The so-called Oberliga Saar-Pfalz-Hessen began on January 6, 1946. The first game of the Lauterer in the league took place on January 13, 1946 against Phönix Ludwigshafen (10-0). The Lauterer played with the following team: Jung ; Martin , W. Kohlmeyer ; E. Liebrich , Thines , W. Liebrich ; Baum , F. Walter , Grewenig , Baßler , K. Berndt . FCK finished the season in second place (30: 6 points), just behind the champions 1. FC Saarbrücken (31: 5). From the summer of 1946 it was now the zone league (two seasons) in which the football elite from the French occupation zone competed. In the post-war years, food and material supplies for the players and their families were also guaranteed by the so-called " potato games " - or in the Palatinate: "Grumbeerspiele". The Walter team, which was already popular at the time , played friendly games mainly in the Palatinate, but also once in Gelsenkirchen-Horst , for which they were paid in kind. In the Kaiserslautern area these were mostly potatoes, otherwise also the typical local products such as onions in Zeiskam , tobacco in Herxheim or coal in Gelsenkirchen. In the first years after the war, Sepp Herberger was a frequent guest at the FCK. Herberger, who lived in Weinheim , 65 kilometers away , took care of rebuilding the national team and spoke to his “favorite student” Fritz Walter. In this context, the FCK Herbergers and Walters used football philosophies.

In the Oberliga Südwest , 1. FC Kaiserslautern has long been the measure of all things. In the first 13 years the Palatinate were ten times champions and twice runner-up and with the championship in 1947 and 1948 at the same time French zone champions . FCK was also successful nationwide in this phase. After victories in the final round of the German championship against TSV 1860 Munich and TuS Neuendorf , the Palatinate team reached the final in 1948 for the first time, in which they were defeated 1: 2 against 1. FC Nürnberg . The following year the Red Devils were third in the German championship after a 2-1 win against Kickers Offenbach . On June 30, 1951, 1. FC Kaiserslautern became German football champions for the first time after a 2-1 win over Preußen Münster . The FCK celebrated the second championship on June 21, 1953 after a 4-1 win in the final against VfB Stuttgart . The final of the German championship, which was reached again in 1954, surprisingly lost the Palatinate 1: 5 against Hannover 96 . Despite considerable protests from the media, the national coach Sepp Herberger ignored this clear defeat and nevertheless built the German team for the 1954 World Cup around the FCK framework Fritz Walter, Ottmar Walter , Werner Liebrich , Horst Eckel and Werner Kohlmeyer . Herberger's courage was rewarded: On July 4, 1954, Germany became the “ Miracle of Bern ” with the five people from Palatinate for the first time.

On June 26, 1955, 1. FC Kaiserslautern took part in the final of the German championship for the last time. He lost to Rot-Weiss Essen 3: 4. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, after the World Cup heroes and other important players had ended their careers, the FCK was no longer the dominant team in the Oberliga Südwest. From 1958 the FCK was third, fifth and twice fourth. Most recently, only Werner Liebrich was active from the great times, who now led the otherwise young team as a personality. After the sporting successes failed to materialize, Fritz Walter, who had ended his active career in 1959, got involved again. He gave tips to the players at camaraderie evenings and told them about the past. He was also given the authority to set up the team for the games. This is said to have been done in consultation with trainer Richard Schneider , but he said goodbye after the 1960/61 season as an FCK trainer. Günter Brocker succeeded him on the recommendation of Sepp Herberger . With him, in time for the introduction of the Bundesliga in 1962/63, the southwest championship succeeded again. Previously, the FCK had increasingly strengthened with foreign players such as Erich Meier , Willy Reitgaßl and Willi Kostrewa . On September 13, 1961, the Red Devils were in the final of the DFB Cup for the first time . In the Glückaufkampfbahn of Gelsenkirchen but the Palatine coated with 0: 2 against Werder Bremen the short straw.

Continuous Bundesliga team (1963–1996)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
1963/64 (I) 12 48:69 26:34 21,867
1964/65 13 41:53 25:35 24,200
1965/66 15th 42:65 26:42 18,412
1966/67 05 43:42 38:30 19,412
1967/68 16 39:67 28:40 13,559
1968/69 15th 45:47 30:38 14,353
1969/70 10 45:55 32:36 14,882
1970/71 08th 54:57 34:34 17,765
1971/72 07th 59:53 35:33 17.176
1972/73 09 58:68 34:34 12,941
1973/74 06th 80:69 38:30 18,059
1974/75 13 56:55 31:37 19,824
1975/76 07th 66:60 37:31 20,479
1976/77 13 53:59 29:39 20,706
1977/78 08th 64:63 36:32 24,647
1978/79 03 62:47 43:25 26,980
1979/80 03 75:53 41:27 24,796
1980/81 04th 60:37 44:24 23,655
1981/82 04th 70:61 42:26 21,333
1982/83 06th 57:44 41:27 21,472
1983/84 12 68:69 30:38 19,118
1984/85 11 56:60 33:35 17,030
1985/86 11 49:54 30:38 16,536
1986/87 07th 64:51 37:31 27,396
1987/88 14th 53:62 29:39 21,505
1988/89 09 47:44 33:35 22,180
1989/90 12 42:55 31:37 25,428
1990/91 01 72:45 48:20 32,380
1991/92 05 58:42 44:24 33,702
1992/93 08th 50:40 35:33 33,154
1993/94 02 64:36 43:25 34,462
1994/95 04th 58:41 46:22 37.210
1995/96 16 31:37 36 36,282

In the 1963/64 season, 1. FC Kaiserslautern was one of 16 founding members of the Bundesliga . The first season ended the Palatinate under coach Günter Brocker, coach from 1961, in twelfth place in the table. In the following years, too, FCK rarely had contact with the top of the table and often played against relegation. The 1966/67 season was an exception, when the FCK reached fifth place in the table under coach Gyula Lóránt , who was signed up in 1965 . After five match days they were even leaders with 9: 1 points. For the 1967/68 season Otto Knefler replaced Lóránt as coach. The playing time started satisfactorily (11: 5 points after the first eight games), but from the 9th to the 24th matchday there was no victory. After the FCK was only one point before a relegation place, the separation took place. Under Knefler's successor Egon Piechaczek , the gap to the relegation ranks could be expanded again, although the FCK remained in 16th place until the end of the season. In 1968/69 Kaiserslautern was again in a relegation battle, only on the penultimate game day was relegation after a 4-0 win against Braunschweig as good as certain. Before the 31st matchday, the previous assistant Dietrich Weise became interim coach until the end of the season.

With the return of Gyula Lóránt, the times of relegation battle were over. 1969/70 they finished tenth, but in the following season he was dismissed after three defeats in a row. Dietrich Weise became his successor and led the Palatinate to eighth place. With the change of coach, a new era began at Betzenberg: Lóránt and Piechaczek were coaches of the "old school" - they placed great emphasis on discipline. Weise, on the other hand, was a meticulous specialist. The playful element now took on a more important role on the pitch, and the image of the “league knockers” was gradually discarded. On July 1, 1972, FCK reached the DFB Cup final for the second time, but lost again, this time 5-0 to FC Schalke 04. On September 13, 1972, 1. FC Kaiserslautern played their first European Cup game. The English representatives Stoke City suffered a 3-1 defeat. After a 4: 0 in the second leg, FCK advanced to the quarter-finals, where Borussia Mönchengladbach was the final destination. After the penultimate matchday of the 1972/73 season, Weise was suspended because he had already signed a contract for the next season with Eintracht Frankfurt . After Gerd Schneider had looked after the team on the last day of the game, Erich Ribbeck , Dietrich Weise's predecessor at Eintracht Frankfurt, came to FCK for the new season . Under coach Ribbeck, the Red Devils reached the DFB Cup final for the third time in 1976 and lost it for the third time, this time with 0-2 against Hamburger SV . In the league, seasons in the upper midfield alternated with seasons in the lower midfield. As FCK coach, Ribbeck witnessed what is probably the most famous Bundesliga game on the Betzenberg : Against FC Bayern Munich , the Red Devils turned the game after a 1: 4 deficit and won 7: 4. During the 1977/78 season, Ribbeck announced that he would leave 1. FC Kaiserslautern after five years.

In 1979, under the new coach Karl-Heinz Feldkamp, ​​they reached the third place in the table, the best position to date. For long stretches of the season, FCK was even at the top of the table, and they didn't lose a game until matchday 14. The 1979/80 season started poorly: After the 18th matchday, the Lauterer were only two points away from a relegation zone. After that, however, FCK started a race to catch up and only surrendered three points from the 19th to the 32nd matchday. In the end they were again in third place, tied on points and goals with VfB Stuttgart . In the two following seasons, the FCK landed in fourth place and had qualified for the European Cup in all four seasons with Feldkamp as coach. In 1981, the Palatinate lost their fourth DFB Cup final with a 1: 3 against Eintracht Frankfurt. Feldkamp's first term of office also saw his greatest international success to date: In the 1981/82 UEFA Cup , they made it to the semi-finals, where they were defeated by IFK Göteborg after Real Madrid won 5-0 in the second leg in the quarter-finals - the first leg was still lost 1: 3 - had turned off.

So the FCK had become a top club. In 1981 the club had already made its first million dollar transfer with the purchase of Norbert Eilenfeldt . After Feldkamp's departure, 1. FCK brought Rudi Kröner , a Bundesliga novice, who previously looked after KSV Hessen Kassel very successfully. Well-known newcomers Torbjörn Nilsson and Thomas Allofs fueled expectations. The start of the season failed with only two points from four games. After that, the team worked its way up and stayed in seventh place in the table for a long time. On March 21, 1983, Kröner was fired after a 2-1 defeat in Düsseldorf. Under Kröner's successor, the previous assistant coach Ernst Diehl , they finally came in sixth and qualified for the UEFA Cup.

After the major investments of the past seasons, expensive purchases could not be made for the 1983/84 season. The goal of the season was to qualify for the European Cup again and to stay in the cup competitions as long as possible. These goals should be achieved with the new trainer Dietrich Weise, who is already the second trainer on the Betzenberg. But again the Palatinate stayed, this time clearly, below expectations. On matchday 11, Weise asked for the termination of his contract with FCK in 12th place. Even under Weise's successor Manfred Krafft , FCK remained in the lower midfield and was finally twelfth in the final table. In the following years (from 1985 with Hans Bongartz as coach) the “Red Devils” were mostly in the middle of the table. Wolfram Wuttke (1985 to the end of 1989 with FCK), who made his debut as an FCK player in the national team, but on whose changing mood the team's success also depended on, became the team's “star” .

In 1987/88 the team was close to relegation, but with Sepp Stabel , who was signed up in November 1987 , they managed to save. Despite a solid season in 1988/89, the club decided early to sign a new coach for the next season. With the new coach Gerd Roggensack , you were in danger of relegation again. One of the newly signed players for the 1989/90 season was Stefan Kuntz , who quickly assumed a leading role within the team. The return of coach Karl-Heinz Feldkamp meant that the league was still successful. On May 19, 1990, the Lauterer were finally able to hold the DFB Cup in their hands for the fifth time. In the final there was a 3-2 win against Werder Bremen. In the following year, the FCK managed a big surprise by winning the third German championship. In addition, Stefan Kuntz was the only FCK player to be named Footballer of the Year this season, and the team was named Team of the Year 1991.

At the end of the 1991/92 season (5th place), "Kalli" Feldkamp ended his involvement with FCK. His successor was Rainer Zobel , who previously worked for the Stuttgarter Kickers . Zobel inherited a difficult legacy in the Palatinate - and failed. Lautern missed qualifying for the UEFA Cup in 1992/93 with an eighth place, Zobel's two-year contract was terminated prematurely at the end of the season.

Under Zobel's successor Friedel Rausch , FCK was able to establish itself again in the top field of the table, in 1994 1. FC Kaiserslautern took second place behind FC Bayern; towards the end of the season, the club had achieved a winning streak that had shortened the gap to the record champions to one point.

The bloodletting after the end of the 1994/95 season (4th place in the table), when Ciriaco Sforza and Stefan Kuntz left the club, could not be compensated. Right from the start, the loss of the two leading players made itself felt in 1995/96, and the FCK found itself in the table cellar after the first games. The Red Devils also often disappointed on the local Betzenberg. The leadership of the FCK still believed in the turnaround and stuck to coach Rausch. When the situation became more precarious, a replacement for Sforza was sought - the newcomers before the season had not been able to replace him. The Brazilian Arìlson came to FCK in December 1995 for the record transfer fee of 4.2 million marks . The club went into the winter break in fourth place, just one point ahead of sixteenth. Nine game days before the end of the season, Eckhard Krautzun replaced Rausch as coach. 1. FCK is now on the penultimate place in the table. Even if FCK won the first game under the new coach (1-0 in Cologne), the sporting situation did not improve at first: After the 29th matchday, the gap to 15th place had grown to four points. Eight points in the following four games made it possible for FCK to have secured relegation with a win on the last day of the game against their immediate competitor in the relegation battle Bayer 04 Leverkusen . After Pavel Kuka had put Lauterer in the lead, the “Werkself” equalized in the 82nd minute. 1. FC Kaiserslautern was relegated from the Bundesliga for the first time. Just a week later, the club won the DFB Cup for the second time in the club's history (in the final 1-0 against Karlsruher SC with a free-kick from Martin Wagner ).

As a newcomer master - The Rehhagel era (1996-2000)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
1996/97 (II) 1 74:28 68 36,709
1997/98 (I) 1 63:39 68 38,000
1998/99 5 51:47 57 41,010
1999/00 5 54:59 50 40,220

Despite the relegation, the team remained essentially together. The presidium around Norbert Thines resigned, however, and the FCK got a new supervisory board, u. a. with Jürgen Friedrich , who had already been president of the club twice, Robert Wieschemann and ex-trainer Karl-Heinz Feldkamp. Hubert Keßler was later chosen as the new president . The sporting director was Hans-Peter Briegel , who succeeded Reiner Geye . Two weeks before the start of the season, coach Eckhard Krautzun was finally replaced by Otto Rehhagel . In the European Cup Winners' Cup , they were eliminated in the first round against Red Star Belgrade . After a 1-0 win in the first leg, the Yugoslav representative won the second leg 4-0 after extra time. Also in the DFB-Pokal they were eliminated in the first round. Regional league team SpVgg Greuther Fürth defeated the Palatinate team 1-0. In the league, however, with only four season defeats, the immediate resurgence as the second division champion was ultimately sovereign; the 7: 6 against SV Meppen on the last day of the match is the highest-scoring game in the 2nd Bundesliga to date.

A year later the sensational win of the fourth German championship followed. Winning the title in 1998 as a newcomer represented a novelty in the history of German football, which was rewarded with the second election to team of the year after 1991. On the first day of the match, Bayern Munich was defeated away from home and was supposed to be lagging behind the Lauterern in the championship battle for the entire season. From the fourth game day onwards, the table leadership was no longer given up. Just like last season, only four games were lost.

In 1998/99 , FCK reached the quarter-finals of the Champions League and finished fifth in the Bundesliga after they had gambled away their participation in qualifying for the Champions League by losing 5-1 in their last game against Eintracht Frankfurt. With well-known newcomers such as Youri Djorkaeff and Mario Basler , at the end of the 1999/2000 season, FCK achieved the set goal of playing internationally in the next season with another fifth place, even if six home defeats and internal team disputes left a bitter aftertaste. In the UEFA Cup , they were eliminated in the third round. In the 2000/01 season Otto Rehhagel resigned after a failed season start with only eight points from seven games. At this time the FCK was in 15th place in the table.

Crash into the lower half of the table and relegation again (2000-2006)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2000/01 (I) 08th 49:54 50 39,245
2001/02 07th 62:53 56 38,486
2002/03 14th 40:42 40 36,230
2003/04 15th 39:62 36 38,620
2004/05 12 43:52 42 35,705
2005/06 16 47:71 33 33,044

At the end of the Rehhagel era and afterwards, the FCK ran into difficulties both athletically and financially. Among other things, this was due to the fact that in the following years players with international experience such as Taribo West , Steffen Freund , Christian Nerlinger , Carsten Jancker and Stefan Malz were brought in, but they all turned out to be bad purchases. In 2002, the FCK was awarded the contract to host games of the 2006 World Cup in the Fritz Walter Stadium. In the course of this, the stadium was expanded from 2002 to 2006. The financing concept for the expansion - in which the state of Rhineland-Palatinate and the city of Kaiserslautern also participated in addition to the association - stipulated that in addition to an estimated 18.5 million euros, the FCK also had to bear the additional costs of the expansion, which alone exceeded 20 Million euros with a total cost of around 70 million euros for the expansion.

In terms of sport, under Rehhagel's successor Andreas Brehme, the success was again briefly available. The FCK was in the 2001 UEFA Cup semi-final against Deportivo Alavés , as well as third in the Bundesliga table. From this point on there was a sporting slump, which was flanked a little later by the financial scandal that had become known about the leadership of the FCK officials. The FCK was eliminated from the UEFA Cup competition without a chance, finished the round of the game only in 8th place after a weak season finale and thus missed the qualification for the UEFA Cup for the coming season. At the start of the 2001/02 season, FCK won the first seven games in a row, setting a record for Bayern Munich, but only finished in a disappointing 7th place at the end of the season.

In the 2002/03 season the club seemed practically relegated and just before bankruptcy, but Brehme's successor Eric Gerets brought the club back on track and secured relegation with a sensational second half. Another success came in 2003, when FCK again reached the DFB Cup final, in which, however, they lost 3-1 to Bayern Munich. In financial terms, the club was largely reorganized under the chairman of the board, René C. Jäggi , which, however, went hand in hand with the sale of the club's own stadium and the Fröhnerhof youth training center to a municipal stadium company in 2003. In the 2003/04 season, 1. FC Kaiserslautern again faced relegation problems.

Gerets had to vacate his chair for Kurt Jara , who in turn managed to stay in the league. After a solid 2004/05 season, which ended with the dismissal of Kurt Jara, who was not loved by the fans, in 12th place in the table, FCK relied on Michael Henke, who was inexperienced as head coach, for the 2005/06 season . A little later this had to give way to the former FCK player Wolfgang Wolf as coach due to lack of success . But even Wolf could not prevent FCK from relegating from the Bundesliga for the second time in the club's history after 1996 in the 2005/06 season. On the last day of the 2005/06 season on May 13, 2006, a 2-2 draw against direct rivals VfL Wolfsburg was not enough to keep the class.

Four years of second class (2006-2010)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2006/07 (II) 06th 48:34 53 31,672
2007/08 13 37:37 39 28,168
2008/09 07th 53:48 52 34,410
2009/10 01 56:28 67 35,398

Despite the decline, over 1000 new members registered with the FCK within two months and increased the number of members to around 11,100, which increased to around 11,500 by the end of November 2006. The 2006/07 season was disappointing for the Palatinate team. Despite a fourth place at the winter break and only two points behind a promotion place, the club finished sixth with only 23 points in the second half of the season, which is why Wolfgang Wolf was dismissed during the season. The previous assistant coach Wolfgang Funkel took over the post of head coach until the end of the season.

The club sent under the newly signed coach Kjetil Rekdal in the 2007/08 season a young team with the objective of "upper third of the table" on the field, which, however, occupied a relegation place after the first half of the season. After the 1: 2 defeat in the home game against 1860 Munich on matchday 19, the board drew the consequences of the sporting failure and released Rekdal. Alois Schwartz was an interim coach until Milan Šašić was signed as head coach. Under Šašić managed a certain comeback, although the club was on a relegation zone until the penultimate matchday. The last day of the match brought a long-distance duel between 1. FC Kaiserslautern and VfL Osnabrück , FC Augsburg and Kickers Offenbach , who made up the fourth and last relegated division in the third division, which was newly founded the following season. FCK finally managed to stay up with a 3-0 home win against 1. FC Köln , while Offenbach lost the league with a 3-0 defeat in Osnabrück and had to relegate.

In the following season, Milan Šašić was dismissed after poor performance by the team in the second half of the season and internal quarrels on May 4, three days after a 1: 5 defeat at Hansa Rostock . At the end of the first half of the season, FCK was still in second place in the table, at the time of the split the Red Devils were only sixth. Alois Schwartz, who led the team in the last games of the season, was hired again as interim coach. The club ultimately came in 7th.

In the summer of 2009, Marco Kurz was hired as the new head coach. The team started the season well with advancing in the DFB Cup and two league wins. On the 7th matchday they were in first place in the table for the first time. The FCK confirmed the good performance in the course of the first half of the season and was thus sovereign with 39 points autumn champions. In the second half of the season they didn't give up their first place in the table and on matchday 32 they had the first chance to secure their early promotion. The required home win against Hansa Rostock was not achieved (0: 1). Two days later, on April 25, 2010, the Red Devils rose in absentia, since third place FC Augsburg did not get more than 1: 1 in the game at FSV Frankfurt and thus could no longer overtake FCK mathematically. Hundreds of FCK fans attended the game in the stadium on Bornheimer Hang to support the FSV and celebrate the promotion. In addition, the second division championship was made perfect on the last match day against FC Augsburg in front of 50,300 spectators.

Back in the Bundesliga (2010–2012)

Choreography in the west curve shortly before the game against FC Bayern Munich (2-0)
Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2010/11 (I) 07th 48:51 46 46,392
2011/12 18th 24:54 23 42,434

After the promotion, the FCK had to let the loaned top performers Sidney Sam and Georges Mandjeck go, striker Erik Jendrišek also left the club. The departures could largely be replaced, so that the FCK went into the winter break with 21 points and a 12th place in the table. An intermediate low with only one point from seven games, including a 5-0 defeat in Dortmund, was overcome. A 2-0 win against FC Bayern Munich and a 5-0 win against FC Schalke 04 stood out positively. At the beginning of the second half of the season, FCK got into a minor crisis (eight games without a win), which meant that they slipped to a relegation zone. From the last nine games of the season, the FCK scored 21 points, first on the penultimate matchday (2: 1 against VfL Wolfsburg) the relegation was finally perfect and in the end even finished seventh in the final table. The Lauterer's top scorer was Srđan Lakić, who scored 16 goals.

The second season after the promotion was marked by problems on the offensive in the sporting field. None of the committed strikers like Itay Shechter , Dorge Kouemaha , Richard Sukuta-Pasu and Sandro Wagner , who was signed in the winter, were able to meet expectations and replace Lakić, who had moved to Wolfsburg. After 16 game days in a row no game could be won in the course of the season and the team slipped to the bottom of the table, FCK parted ways with head coach Marco Kurz and assistant coach Günther Gorenzel . On March 22, 2012, the club signed Krassimir Balakow from Hajduk Split as the new head coach. The number of consecutive games without a win increased to 21 and after the 32nd matchday, FCK was the first to be relegated in the 2011/12 season despite a 2-1 win at Hertha BSC.

Another fight to return to the Bundesliga (2012-2015)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2012/13 (II) 3 55:33 58 31,758
2013/14 4th 55:39 54 29,943
2014/15 4th 45:31 56 33,013

On May 18, 2012 1. FC Kaiserslautern released Balakov after only two months because they wanted to make an unencumbered restart in the 2. Bundesliga . Five days later, the former FCK professional Franco Foda was introduced as the new coach. The new captain Albert Bunjaku was chosen , who formed a dangerous storm duo together with the newly signed Mohamadou Idrissou . Both strikers together scored 30 goals, more than half of all goals of the season by the “Red Devils”. At the end of the 2012/13 season , the team was on the relegation place, but lost in both games to TSG 1899 Hoffenheim (1: 3, 1: 2) and thus remained second class.

In the 2013/14 season Foda was dismissed in August on the 5th match day after a 4-0 defeat in Aalen. The team was then on the 4th place in the table. In his almost 14 months tenure, 23 new players came. Foda was the 15th coach in 13 years. After an intermezzo with Oliver Schäfer , Kosta Runjaic was hired as a coach and the promotion was officially declared a season's goal. The championship lead achieved in November 2013 could not be defended. In the end, the FCK landed in 4th place, six points behind third place in the table. The highlight of the season was reaching the cup semi-finals with an away win (1-0 aet) at Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen. In the semi-finals, FCK lost 5-1 to what would later be the cup winners, FC Bayern Munich.

In the 2014/15 season, the team played again for promotion and occupied a promotion place for almost the entire season. On matchday 30, the lead over the relegation place was four points, but with only two points from the last four games it was only enough for fourth place. On June 15, 2015, the club bought back the Fröhnerhof youth training center from the city . The purchase price was 2.6 million euros and was financed by a fan bond (see section Betze bond ).

Crash into the lower half of the table and relegation to third division (2015-2018)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2015/16 (II) 10 49:47 45 25,872
2016/17 13 29:33 41 26,368
2017/18 18th 42:55 35 22,620

In the 2015/16 season Kosta Runjaic resigned after eight match days with a record of nine points. His successor was the previous coach of the second team and head of the youth training center, Konrad Fünfstück . The FCK finished the season in 10th place in the table. After the season, Fünfstück was released and on June 15, 2016 Tayfun Korkut was hired as the new head coach.

Under Korkut, FCK started the 2016/17 season with a win from their first nine games. After that, the team won three games in a row, before the performance dropped again before the winter break. On December 27, it was announced that Korkut had already announced his resignation after the last game before the winter break. Norbert Meier was hired as his successor on January 3, 2017 . In the second half of the season, the FCK was never on a relegation place, but he could not break away from the lower ranks. The team finally reached 13th place, although on the last matchday it was still possible to slip to 16th place.

FCK also started the 2017/18 season below expectations. Meier was released after a defeat on matchday 7. His successor, Jeff Strasser , took office on September 27, 2017, when two items were recorded. Under Strasser, the team scored 10 points in 10 games, but could not reduce the point gap to a non-relegation place. Due to health problems, Strasser handed the coaching job over to Michael Frontzeck on February 1, 2018 . On the 32nd matchday the team was the first relegated second division of the season after a 2: 3 defeat at Arminia Bielefeld. On the 34th and last matchday it was bottom of the table with 35 points.

Present (since 2018)

Season (SK) space Gates Points Ø Zs.
2018/19 (III) 9 49:51 51 21,192
2019/20 (III) 10 59:54 55 19,280

On June 3, 2018, 92 percent of the members voted for a spin-off of the licensed players' department, consisting of the professional team, the second team as well as the U19 and U17, into a GmbH & Co. KGaA , which was carried out on September 28.

On June 5, 2018, the FCK, together with co- relegated Eintracht Braunschweig, received the promise of a solidarity donation of 600,000 euros. Each club in the 2018/19 second division season , regardless of the DFL, paid 66,666 euros into one pot to make it easier for the two former second division clubs to start over in the third division.

On November 30, 2018, one day after a 5-0 defeat at SpVgg Unterhaching, coach Michael Frontzeck was dismissed. Frontzeck had scored 21 points in 17 games and his team was tenth (of 20 places) in the table. The team was ten points away from a relegation position - the club's declared aim - and four points away from a relegation position. He was followed on December 6, 2018 by Sascha Hildmann, born in Kaiserslautern, who was released from third division competitor SG Sonnenhof Großaspach in October . With a slightly improved point average, the FCK finished in 9th place in the table.

In May 2019, the Luxembourg real estate dealer Flavio Becca offered the FCK a 2.6 million euro loan, which would secure the club's license for another year, but also the resignation of a member of the advisory board. Shortly before the end of an ultimatum from the potential donor, the chairman of the association's supervisory board, Michael Littig, presented an alternative financing plan, which the association's bodies approved at the last minute. The offer from Flavio Becca no longer existed. After the Stuttgart company Quattrex and the French company Lagardère refused to grant FCK any further loans in response to this offer, the club's license for the coming 2019/20 season was in danger again. Advisory board member Littig then traveled to Paris to negotiate with Lagardère without a mandate. Flavio Becca then improved his offer and on May 16, 2019 the association announced that it would follow the recommendation of the current management and accept the present offer for long-term cooperation with the Luxembourg entrepreneur Flavio Becca.

In the 2019/20 season, after more than 18 years, there was another derby on matchday 7 with the promoted SV Waldhof Mannheim . In front of 36,766 spectators, the two teams parted 1: 1 in the Fritz Walter Stadium . Previously, the Lauterer had defeated the first division club 1. FSV Mainz 05 on the Betzenberg in the 1st round of the DFB Cup with 2-0 in front of 40,694 spectators. Nevertheless, after a 6-1 defeat in Meppen and a generally below-expected start to the season in mid-September 2019, the club separated from coach Hildmann. His successor was Boris Schommers . On June 15, 2020, 1. FC Kaiserslautern GmbH & Co. KGaA filed for insolvency proceedings in self-administration.

Special games

Statistics data on the individual games can be found at 1. FC Kaiserslautern / Names and Numbers , accessible by linking the game pairings.


1. FC Kaiserslautern - Preußen Münster 2-1
On June 30, 1951, 1. FC Kaiserslautern competed in the final of the German championship against Prussia Münster . 107,000 spectators watched the game in the Berlin Olympic Stadium , in which Prussia Münster took a 1-0 lead through Gerritzen (47th). But Ottmar Walter made the 2-1 victory for the Palatinate perfect with his goals in the 61st and 74th minutes, which meant the first German championship in the history of 1. FC Kaiserslautern.
1. FC Kaiserslautern - VfB Stuttgart 4: 1
On June 21, 1953, 1. FC Kaiserslautern won its second German championship in the Berlin Olympic Stadium in front of 80,000 spectators. In the final, VfB Stuttgart were defeated 4-1 with goals from Fritz Walter (37th), Karl Wanger (57th), Erwin Scheffler (78th) and Willi Wenzel (83rd). The two championships in 1951 and 1953 are considered to be the greatest moments of the so-called "Golden Years" of the "Walter Elf".
1. FC Kaiserslautern - SV Werder Bremen 3-2
On May 19, 1990, 1. FC Kaiserslautern played their 5th DFB Cup final. Until then, the title had not been won, but this time the first win in the final came about. In front of 76,000 spectators in the Berlin Olympic Stadium, they led against Werder Bremen with goals from Bruno Labbadia (19th, 26th) and Stefan Kuntz (30th) at half-time with 3-0. In the second half, Bremen were only able to shorten it to 3: 2 with goals from Neubarth (54th) and Burgsmüller (72nd).
1. FC Kaiserslautern - Karlsruher SC 1-0
On May 25, 1996, one week after relegation to the 2nd Bundesliga, 1. FC Kaiserslautern played the DFB Cup final against south-west rivals Karlsruher SC in the Berlin Olympic Stadium in front of 75,800 spectators. Martin Wagner scored 1-0 for FCK with a free kick in the 42nd minute and thus made the second DFB Cup victory perfect.

Other games

1. FC Kaiserslautern - FC Bayern Munich 7: 4
On October 20, 1973, after 57 minutes of play, FC Bayern Munich led with two goals each from Bernd Gersdorff and Gerd Müller and the interim goal from Josef Pirrung with 1: 4. 1. FC Kaiserslautern was able to turn the game around within the last 30 minutes and won 7: 4. The other goals were scored by Josef Pirrung, Herbert L Bäumen (2 each), Klaus Toppmöller and Ernst Diehl . Immediately after the end of the game, FC Bayern submitted a contract offer to Josef Pirrung, which he refused.
1. FC Kaiserslautern - Real Madrid 5-0
In the quarter-final first leg of the 1981/82 UEFA Cup , 1. FC Kaiserslautern lost 3-1 to the clearly favored team of Real Madrid ( Estadio Santiago Bernabéu ). Norbert Eilenfeldt scored the next goal with a converted penalty in the 81st minute. Two goals by Friedhelm Funkel in the second leg on March 17, 1982 equalized this defeat. Hans Bongartz (48th), Norbert Eilenfeldt (55th) and Reiner Geye (71st) scored three more goals against the Spaniards, who were decimated by being sent off against San José (31st), Cunningham (39th) and Pineda (65th) . This was the first time that 1. FC Kaiserslautern made it to the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup.
1. FC Cologne - 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2: 6
June 15, 1991: On the last match day of the 1990/91 season, the Red Devils traveled to the Müngersdorfer Stadion for 1. FC Cologne , where they were supposed to win their first league title. The support of around 40,000 guest fans and the result of 6: 2 for FCK, where Haber (2), Winkler (2), Dooley and Schupp met, were exceptional. The away win made the result of FC Bayern Munich (2-2 against Bayer 05 Uerdingen ), who played at the same time and only finished 2nd this season, irrelevant.
1. FC Kaiserslautern - FC Barcelona 3: 1
In the 1991/92 season, the surprise champions against FC Barcelona had the opportunity to qualify for the first-ever group stage of the European Cup. The Palatinate team mastered the first round against the Bulgarian representative Etar Veliko Tarnovo without any problems. FC Barcelona won the first leg of the second round 2-0; Guido Hoffmann had the all-important away goal on foot, who missed the empty goal while standing alone. In the second leg, Kaiserslautern led 3-0 after 76 minutes after two goals from Demir Hotić and one goal from Bjarne Goldbæk . That would have been enough. In the 90th minute, José Mari Bakero headed a free kick from Ronald Koeman to make it 3-1, which meant that 1. FC Kaiserslautern would be eliminated due to the away goals rule and allowed FC Barcelona to later win the European Cup.
Bayer 04 Leverkusen - 1. FC Kaiserslautern 1-1
On May 18, 1996, the "final" for relegation between Bayer 04 Leverkusen and Kaiserslautern took place. A draw was enough for Leverkusen to stay in the Bundesliga, while FCK had to win the game to keep the class. Up to the 81st minute, 1. FCK led 1-0 through a goal by Pavel Kuka . After the Lauterer played the ball out of bounds because a player was injured on the pitch, Paulo Sérgio made the following throw-in. Instead of throwing the ball at the opponent, as is an unwritten law of fair play , Sergio threw the ball at a teammate. Markus Münch closed the following counterattack with a shot that goalkeeper Andreas Reinke could not hold on and thus sealed the Palatinate's first descent after 33 years of uninterrupted membership in the Bundesliga.
1. FC Kaiserslautern - VfL Wolfsburg 4-0
On May 2, 1998, the penultimate matchday of the 1997/98 season, Kaiserslautern, as leaders of the Bundesliga, managed a 4-0 win against the promoted team from VfL Wolfsburg , which meant FC Bayern Munich's 0-0 draw at MSV Duisburg that FCK was the first to become German champions in the history of the Bundesliga. The celebrated hero was Olaf Marschall , who met twice. Martin Wagner and Jürgen Rische contributed the other two hits .
VfL Wolfsburg - 1.FC Kaiserslautern 2-2
On the last matchday of the 2005/06 season, Kaiserslautern had to compete with direct competitor FCK in the battle for relegation, VfL Wolfsburg. Similar to ten years before, the FCK needed a win, the opponent was enough to stay in the class with a draw. After Halil Altıntop's early lead for the guests , Lower Saxony took a one-two lead in the middle of the second half with a 2-1 lead. Although Kaiserslautern was able to equalize to 2-2 in the final phase, it was no longer enough for an away win.
Platzsturm after the game against 1. FC Cologne
1. FC Kaiserslautern - 1. FC Cologne 3-0
In the 2007/08 season 1. FC Kaiserslautern was on the verge of relegation to the third division for the first time since the Bundesliga was founded. On May 18, 2008, 1. FC Köln, who have already been promoted, made a guest appearance on the Betzenberg. On this last match day, FCK needed a win to stay in the 2nd Bundesliga. 48,500 spectators followed the game in the sold out Fritz Walter Stadium. Josh Simpson scored the 1-0 goal only in the 70th minute of the game before Marcel Ziemer was able to make the win with his two goals (75th, 81st). This game was released on DVD as the “Herzblutfinale” based on the “Lautrer Herzblut” campaign. After the game, there were riots between supporters of 1. FC Köln and 1. FC Kaiserslautern amidst the cheering fans inside the stadium.

"Red Devil"

Club crest of the 1. FCK, logo for the FIFA World Cup 2006 and the devil from Betzenberg at the Fritz-Walter-Stadion

The FCK players are often referred to as the “Red Devils”. Why the devil was chosen for this can no longer be determined. It is possible to use the term “devilish (good)” or “like the devil” as an expression of enthusiasm for the team’s style of play. As early as 1934, the magazine Der Kicker described the Lauterer as “devils”, but there is no direct connection to the term Red Devil, which became known after the Second World War . The reason for the name in kicker was a streak of victories by the Lauterer who "went around like devils gone wild and used to go sledging with their opponents". The choice of color refers to the jerseys of the FCK, which from 1948 on was completely red. Previously, both club colors, red and white, were usually taken into account in the playing attire. During the Second World War, Fritz Walter played "Rote Jäger" in a completely red dress in the soldiers' eleven and is said to have introduced this choice of colors to the FCK after the war. The term Rote Teufel appears for the first time in various reports on the game in the final round of the German championship against TSV 1860 Munich. The meeting took place on July 18, 1948 in Worms and ended 5: 1 for the Lauterer, who competed in red. At least three newspapers reported on the victorious "Red Devils". With the “birth” of the Red Devils, the term was not yet the most common nickname for the Lauterer team. Rather, it was known as "Waltermannschaft" or "Walterelf" - named after the head of the team, Fritz Walter and his brother Ottmar. Winning the German championship in Berlin in 1951 helped the name Rote Teufel, which the Berlin press made extensive use of, to gain recognition beyond Germany's borders. At the latest after the end of Fritz Walter's career, the term “red devils” had prevailed over “Walter team”. The earliest evidence of the Red Devil as a symbol used by fans dates back to 1953 after winning the second German championship.

The nickname was adopted or adopted by the club: Since 1991, animators disguised as devils have been part of the supporting program of the Bundesliga matches on the Betzenberg. The so-called "Betzi", a devil in FCK clothing, has existed in pictorial form since 1977. Since 2009 there is also a mascot of the devil's gang (an offer from the association for children), also with the name Betzi. There are also a number of fan articles with devil symbols.

FCK Museum

Since 2011, the FCK has had its own museum on the club's history, which is currently still called the FCK Museum . One day it will be called the “Fritz Walter Museum”. It is located in the Fritz Walter Stadium and goes back to an initiative of the former FCK President Norbert Thines . Among other things, on his initiative, the association initiative Passion FCK - Fritz Walter Museum Kaiserslautern e. V.

Betze bond

In March 2013, the association raised money through the so-called “Betze bond” to finance the buy-back and expansion of the Young Talent Center (NLZ), a project for which the then FCK board member Stefan Kuntz was particularly committed. Within 11 days, the bond was oversubscribed and brought the association 6 million euros. Chief Financial Officer Fritz Grünewalt was responsible for realizing the bond. A special feature of the bond compared to the bonds of other Bundesliga clubs is that bonus interest payments are paid out if the club is successful in sport. Interest on the bond is as follows: At least 5% p. a. with a potential bonus interest of up to 2% p. a .: 1% p. a. with every year membership in the first Bundesliga as well as 0.5% with an increased quota of stakes for young players in DFB national teams and 0.5% p. a. when reaching the DFB-Pokal semi-finals. In contrast to other Bundesliga clubs that issued similar bonds, the FCK not only issued amounts of 100, 500 euros and the year the club was founded (1900), but in a championship edition the sum of all the annual figures for the four FCK championships of 7,893 euros. This master edition alone brought the association a subscription volume of 1.3 million euros.

Marketing award

As part of Europe's largest sports business congress, SpoBiS, 1. FC Kaiserslautern and the company owned by FCK CFO Fritz Grünewalt were awarded the 2009 Sports Marketing Prize (1st place). Above all, the emotional repositioning of the association with the campaign “Lautrer Herzblut” (so-called “Herzblutkampagne”) was honored. 1. FC Kaiserslautern won the prize against 40 other competitors. The award was received by CEO Stefan Kuntz and CFO Fritz Grünewalt.

Achievements and Statistics



Cup competitions

International success

Other awards

Seasonal balance sheets


Overall, FCK topped the Bundesliga 90 times; in 1994, with Stefan Kuntz (18 goals together with Anthony Yeboah ) he was once the top scorer.

In the “Eternal League Table” , FCK is in 11th place with 2094 points.

(Status of the data in this section: 08/2020)

organization structure

At an extraordinary general meeting on June 3, 2018, more than 92 percent voted for a spin-off of the licensed player department into a GmbH & Co. KGaA , which was carried out on September 28, 2018.

1. FC Kaiserslautern e.V. V.

For 1. FC Kaiserslautern e. V. includes the youth teams up to the U16 as well as the other sports and the FCK Museum .

Supervisory board

The supreme control body of the association is the supervisory board , which consists of up to nine members. Five members are elected by the general assembly of the association. Kaiserslautern's Lord Mayor and the State Minister for the Interior and for Sport are members by virtue of their office; however, neither of them recently took up office. In addition, the committee can appoint two further members to the supervisory board.

At an extraordinary members' and annual general meeting on December 1, 2019, the following were directly elected to the Supervisory Board:

1. Markus Merk (1545 votes)
2. Martin Weimer (1194 votes)
3. Jörg Wilhelm (1190 votes)
4. Rainer Keßler (1041 votes)

  As successors were determined:

5. Martin Wagner (878 votes)
6. Christian Bettinger (554 votes)
7. Wolfgang Rotberg (122 votes)

This election was a by-election, as on October 8, 2019 all directly elected and still active members of the Supervisory Board (Patrick Banf, Jochen Grotepaß, Bruno Otter) resigned as a group. Only Fritz Fuchs was the last remaining successor to sit on the highest club committee, which was determined in the regular election in December 2017.

In the constituent meeting, Rainer Keßler was elected as chairman of the supervisory board, and Markus Merk as deputy chairman and spokesman for the supervisory board. In addition, as announced before the election, the supervisory board was expanded by one position and Martin Wagner was appointed to office. Bettinger and Rotberg are the followers. The regular term of office of the Supervisory Board is three years. Since the Supervisory Board was last regularly elected in December 2017 and the election in December 2019 was a by-election, the current Supervisory Board is in office until December 2020 in accordance with the Articles of Association.


The association was headed by an honorary president until December 31, 1998 and, from January 1, 1999, a board of directors appointed by the supervisory board. Since the soccer department was spun off from the club on September 28, 2018, it has been run by a voluntary board. Since February 7, 2019, the board of the association consisted of the chairman Wilfried de Buhr and Andreas Buck . Buck resigned from his position as deputy chairman on May 13, 2019, and Markus Römer and Tobias Frey joined de Buhr's deputy on September 19, 2019. Frey resigned from this office on October 28, 2019, and de Buhr and Römer did so on December 13, 2019. On December 21, 2019, the Supervisory Board appointed a new Management Board consisting of Chairman Wolfgang Erfurt, his Deputy Tobias Frey, Steven Dooley, Dagmar Eckel and Gero Scira.

The following table provides an overview of the presidents and chairmen of the board since the merger to form 1. FC Kaiserslautern e. V.

Surname Nat. Time at FCK
From To
Ludwig Muller GermanyGermany July 18, 1931 1936
August Nebling GermanyGermany 1936 1938
Carl Allbrecht GermanyGermany 1938 1941
Hans Philipp GermanyGermany 1941 1945
Paul Karch GermanGerman 1946 1949
Ludwig Muller GermanyGermany January 1, 1950 1955
Werner Krabler GermanyGermany 1955 1957
Ernst Wüstenhagen 1 GermanyGermany 1957 1957
Hans Adolff GermanyGermany 1957 1960
Karl-Heinz Brinkop GermanyGermany 1960 1965
Hans Adolff GermanyGermany 1965 March 1970
Willi Müller GermanyGermany March 20, 1970 March 7, 1977
Jürgen Friedrich GermanyGermany March 7, 1977 August 31, 1981
Udo Sopp GermanyGermany August 31, 1981 April 23, 1985
Jürgen Friedrich GermanyGermany April 23, 1985 May 21, 1988
Norbert Thines GermanyGermany June 6, 1988 July 9, 1996
Hubert Keßler GermanyGermany July 9, 1996 1998
Jürgen Friedrich GermanyGermany January 1, 1999 September 2002
René C. Jäggi SwitzerlandSwitzerland November 7, 2002 July 31, 2006
Erwin Göbel GermanyGermany August 1, 2006 April 7, 2008
Stefan Kuntz GermanyGermany April 8, 2008 April 4, 2016
Thomas Gries GermanyGermany April 4, 2016 2018
Michael Klatt GermanyGermany 1st February 2018 28th September 2018
Rainer Keßler GermanyGermany 28th September 2018 22nd December 2018
Wilfried de Buhr GermanyGermany February 7, 2019 December 13, 2019
Wolfgang Erfurt GermanyGermany December 21, 2019
1 provisional

1. FC Kaiserslautern GmbH & Co. KGaA

1. FC Kaiserslautern GmbH & Co. KGaA includes the professional team, the second team and the U19 and U17 teams. In April 2019, the regional entrepreneurs Dieter Buchholz (founder of the Buchholz specialist information service), Peter Theiss (founder and managing director of Dr. Theiss Naturwaren GmbH), Giuseppe Nardi (managing director of Dr. Theiss Naturwaren GmbH), Axel Kemmler (founder and managing director of KKS Kemmler Kopier Systeme GmbH), Annemarie Becker (managing partner of Jakob Becker GmbH & Co. KG ) and Steffen Wick shares worth six-digit amounts each. In May 2019, an agreement was reached with the Luxembourg billionaire Flavio Becca on a loan of 2.6 million euros, which will later be converted into shares in the KGaA. This was necessary in order to receive the license for the third division season 2019/20 . In addition, Becca participated in the signing of several players for the 2019/20 season. In the course of the corona crisis , 1. FC Kaiserslautern GmbH & Co. KGaA also had some public discussions about restructuring using the insolvency law instruments of self-administration and the insolvency plan .

The general partner of the KGaA is 1. FC Kaiserslautern Management GmbH , whose shares are always fully owned by the e. V. are held. Management GmbH is the personally liable partner of KGaA and is authorized to manage the company . Thus, the e. V. control over the appointment of the managing director and the operative business .

The supervisory board of the e. V. sends its members to the Advisory Board of Management GmbH. The current advisory board consists of Rainer Keßler, Markus Merk, Martin Weimer, Jörg Wilhelm and Martin Wagner. The advisory board appoints and monitors the management of the Management GmbH, which runs the business of the KGaA. This currently consists of Managing Director Soeren Oliver Voigt , who is responsible for the commercial and sports areas. The KGaA also has a supervisory board that is elected by the limited partners at the general meeting. This also monitors the work of the Management GmbH. Prof. Jörg E. Wilhelm was sent for this purpose.

The professional team

Team photo for the 2019/20 season


  • As of August 24, 2020
No. Nat. player birthday In the team since Contract until
13 GermanyGermany Jonas-Janko Weyand U21 December 3, 2000 2014 2022
30th Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Avdo Spahic February 12, 1997 2019 2023
31 GermanyGermany Lorenz Otto January 24, 2001 2017 2022
40 GermanyGermany Matheo Raab U21 December 18, 1998 2017 2022
GermanyGermany Elija Wohlgemuth U19 March 13, 2002 2009 2023
04th GermanyGermany José Junior Matuwila 20th September 1991 2019 2021
05 GermanyGermany Kevin Kraus August 12, 1992 2018 2022
20th GermanyGermany Dominik Schad March 4, 1997 2018 2023
23 GermanyGermany Philipp Hercher March 21, 1996 2019 2022
28 GermanyGermany Lukas Gottwalt September 16, 1997 2017 2022
35 CanadaCanada André Hainault S-U21 June 17, 1986 2018 2021
37 GermanyGermany Jonas Scholz January 24, 1999 2018 2021
39 GermanyGermany Leon Hotopp May 12, 2000 2009 2022
GermanyGermany Alexander Winkler January 26, 1992 2020 2022
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Adam Hloušek December 20, 1988 2020 2021
06th TurkeyTurkey Hikmet Çiftçi March 10, 1998 2020 2022
07th NamibiaNamibia Manfred Starke February 21, 1991 2019 2021
08th GermanyGermany Nicolás Sessa March 23, 1996 2020 2022
10 GermanyGermany Simon Skarlatidis June 6, 1991 2019 2021
11 GermanyGermany Florian Pick September 8, 1995 2016 2021
14th GermanyGermany Dylan Esmel March 20, 1998 2017 2021
21st GermanyGermany Hendrick Zuck July 21, 1990 2018 2021
22nd GermanyGermany Marius Kleinsorge October 30, 1995 2020 2023
25th GermanyGermany Carlo Sickinger (C)Captain of the crew July 29, 1997 2012 2021
26th GermanyGermany Janik Bachmann May 6, 1996 2019 2023
27 GermanyGermany Mohamed Morabet January 31, 1998 2017 2022
32 GermanyGermany Anil Gözütok October 27, 2000 2014 2022
34 GermanyGermany Constantin Fath July 12, 2000 2018 2021
36 GermanyGermany Anas Bakhat April 2, 2000 2017 2022
38 GermanyGermany Antonio Jonjić August 2, 1999 2013 2021
GermanyGermany Tom Fladung U21 August 5, 2001 2016 2023
GermanyGermany Tim Rieder 3rd September 1993 2020 2023
15th GermanyGermany Elias Huth February 10, 1997 2018 2021
18th GermanyGermany Lucas Röser December 28, 1993 2019 2022
24 GermanyGermany Christian Kühlwetter April 21, 1996 2016 2021
33 LithuaniaLithuania Lukas Spalvis July 27, 1994 2017 2022
U21 also in the U21 squad
S-U21 Standby player and in the U21 squad
U19 also in the U19 squad

Trainer and supervisor staff - professional squad

Surname function at FCK since (position since)
Sporting management
Boris Notzon Sports director license area 2014 (07/2017)
Boris Schommers Head coach 09/2019
Kevin McKenna Assistant coach 09/2019
Sven Höh Goalkeeping coach 2009 (02/2020)
Bastian Becker Athletics and rehab trainer 07/2010 (07/2011)
Roger Lutz Team manager 07/2007 (07/2011)
Harald Dinges Club doctor 07/2013
Pablo Gauna Team doctor
Hamzeh Jaradat Team doctor
Ricardo Bernardy Physiotherapist 2015
Frank singer Physiotherapist 07/2011
Norman shield Physiotherapist 10/1990
Peter Miethe Kit manager
Wolfgang Wittich Kit manager 07/1999

Transfers of the 2020/21 season

As of August 24, 2020

Accesses Departures
Summer 2020

National player

The following players wore the jersey of the German national team during their time at FCK :

Surname Time at FCK International matches FCK Special achievements and titles with the FCK and the national team
Games Gates Games Gates
Thomas Allofs 1982-1986 1 0 128 61
Michael Ballack 1997-1999 1 0 46 4th German champion 1998, vice world champion 2002
Andreas Brehme 1981-1986,
40 3 274 43 German champion 1998, world champion 1990, German cup winner 1996
Hans-Peter Briegel 1975-1984 53 2 240 47 European champion 1980, vice world champion 1982 and 1986
Horst Eckel 1949-1960 32 0 238 66 German champion 1951 and 1953, world champion 1954
Marco Engelhardt 2004-2006 3 0 62 3
Franco Foda 1983-1984,
2 0 90 5 DFB Cup winner 1990
Jürgen Groh 1976-1980,
1 0 197 3
Miroslav Klose 1999-2004 38 16 120 44 began his professional career at FCK, vice world champion 2002, world champion 2014
Werner Kohlmeyer 1941-1957 22nd 0 180 18th German champion 1951 and 1953, world champion 1954
Stefan Kuntz 1989-1995 11 2 170 75 German champion 1991, German cup winner 1990, Bundesliga top scorer 1994, European champion 1996
Olaf Marshal 1994-2002 13 3 160 59 German champion 1998, German cup winner 1996
Werner Liebrich 1945–1962 16 0 273 25th German champion 1951 and 1953, world champion 1954
Josef Pirrung 1967-1981 2 0 304 61
Marco Reich 1995-2001 1 0 117 9 German champion 1998, German cup winner 1996
Thomas Ritter 1992-1996 1 0 87 2 German cup winner 1996
Karl Schmidt 1955-1962 9 0 127 6th
Klaus Toppmöller 1972-1980 3 1 204 108 most successful FCK Bundesliga shooter
Martin Wagner 1992-2000 6th 0 200 30th German champion 1998, German cup winner 1996
Fritz Walter 1938-1959 61 33 248 144 German champion 1951 and 1953, world champion 1954, honorary captain of the national team
Ottmar Walter 1941-1959 21st 10 210 156 German champion 1951 and 1953, world champion 1954
Wolfram Wuttke 1985-1990 4th 1 112 32 German Cup Winner 1990; 1988 Olympic bronze medal winner

Only the international matches that the player completed during his time at FCK are listed. The number of games and goals for the FCK refers to the Bundesliga games, for players who were active before 1963 to the league games and the finals for the German championship.

Other major former players

Surname Time
at FCK
nationality Games
at FCK
at FCK
Mario Basler 1987-1989,
92 8th played his first Bundesliga game at FCK
Ernst Diehl 1967-1978 GermanGerman
314 18th
Tom Dooley 1988-1993 GermanGerman AmericansAmericans
Germany / USA
107 13 German champion 1991, national team player for the USA
Michael Dusek 1979-1988 GermanGerman
210 10
Gerry Ehrmann 1986-1997 GermanGerman
292 0 German cup winner 1990 and 1996, German champion 1991
Pure Geye 1977-1986 GermanGerman
290 47
Ronnie Hellström 1974-1984 SwedeSwede
266 0 a decade regular goalkeeper, senior international
Miroslav Kadlec 1990-1998 CzechCzech
Czech Republic
210 16 German champion in 1991 and 1998, German cup winner 1996, vice European champion 1996
Harry Koch 1995-2003 GermanGerman
220 23 German champion 1998, German cup winner 1996
Pavel Kuka 1993-1998 CzechCzech
Czech Republic
121 53 German champion 1998, German cup winner 1996, vice European champion 1996
Werner Melzer 1974-1986 GermanGerman
374 31 has played the most Bundesliga appearances for FCK
Jacobus Prins 1963-1965 DutchDutch
36 9 Prins was one of four foreigners who played on the first Bundesliga matchday on August 24, 1963
Ratinho (actually Everson Rodrigues) 1997-2003 BrazilianBrazilian
140 9 German champion 1998
Johannes Riedl 1974-1981 GermanGerman
215 31
Axel Roos 1984-2001 GermanGerman
328 18th German champion 1991 and 1998, German cup winner 1990 and 1996
Roland Sandberg 1973-1977 SwedeSwede
118 60 National team player
Dietmar Schwager 1964-1976 GermanGerman
320 2
Ciriaco Sforza 1993-1995,
199 20th German champion 1998, national team player
Wolfgang Wolf 1978-1988 GermanGerman Germany 248 11 returned as a coach in the 2005/06 season


The FV Kaiserslautern employed the Hungarian Ferenc Kónya as a (player) coach for the first time in 1921 , after the FVK was unable to build on the successes before the First World War. However, since the sporting situation had not improved as desired, they separated again in 1923. From 1925 to 1929 the Hungarian international Alexander Thury acted as player- coach .

The coaches since the last merger in 1929 have been:

Surname Nat. Time at FCK End of contract
From To
Hans Werner AustriaAustria 1929 1929
Otto Schwab GermanyGermany 1929 1934
Karl Berndt GermanyGermany 1934 1936
Alexander Thury HungaryHungary 1936 1937
Max Eheberg GermanyGermany 1937 1938
Karl Berndt GermanyGermany 1938 1944
Fritz Walter GermanyGermany 1945 1949
Kuno Krügel GermanyGermany 1949 June 30, 1950 Contract ended
Richard Schneider GermanyGermany July 1, 1950 June 30, 1961 Contract ended
Günter Brocker GermanyGermany July 1, 1961 February 27, 1965 dismiss
Werner Liebrich GermanyGermany February 28, 1965 June 30, 1965 Contract ended
Gyula Lóránt HungaryHungary July 1, 1965 June 30, 1967 Contract ended
Otto Knefler GermanyGermany July 1, 1967 4th March 1968 dismiss
Egon Piechaczek PolandPoland 5th March 1968 May 6, 1969 dismiss
Dietrich way GermanyGermany May 7, 1969 June 30, 1969 Contract ended
Gyula Lóránt HungaryHungary 1st July 1969 March 9, 1971 dismiss
Dietrich way GermanyGermany March 11, 1971 June 30, 1973 Contract ended
Erich Ribbeck GermanyGermany July 1, 1973 June 30, 1978 Contract ended
Karl-Heinz Feldkamp GermanyGermany July 1, 1978 June 30, 1982 resignation
Rudolf Kröner GermanyGermany July 1, 1982 March 21, 1983 dismiss
Ernst Diehl GermanyGermany March 22, 1983 June 30, 1983 Interim trainer
Dietrich way GermanyGermany July 1, 1983 October 26, 1983 dismiss
Ernst Diehl GermanyGermany October 27, 1983 November 1, 1983 Interim trainer
Manfred Krafft GermanyGermany November 2nd 1983 June 30, 1985 Contract ended
Hannes Bongartz GermanyGermany July 1, 1985 November 11, 1987 dismiss
Josef Stabel GermanyGermany November 12, 1987 June 30, 1989 Contract ended
Gerd Roggensack GermanyGermany July 1, 1989 February 25, 1990 dismiss
Karl-Heinz Feldkamp GermanyGermany February 28, 1990 June 30, 1992 Contract ended
Rainer Zobel GermanyGermany July 1, 1992 June 7, 1993 dismiss
Friedel Rausch GermanyGermany July 1, 1993 March 23, 1996 dismiss
Eckhard Krautzun GermanyGermany March 27, 1996 July 19, 1996 dismiss
Otto Rehhagel GermanyGermany July 19, 1996 October 1, 2000 resignation
Andreas Brehme GermanyGermany October 2, 2000 August 25, 2002 dismiss
Karl-Heinz Emig GermanyGermany August 26, 2002 September 3, 2002 Interim trainer
Eric Gerets BelgiumBelgium September 4, 2002 February 2, 2004 dismiss
Kurt Jara AustriaAustria February 3, 2004 April 6, 2005 dismiss
Hans Werner Moser GermanyGermany April 7, 2005 June 30, 2005 Interim trainer
Michael Henke GermanyGermany July 1, 2005 November 19, 2005 dismiss
Wolfgang Wolf GermanyGermany November 21, 2005 April 11, 2007 dismiss
Wolfgang Sparkle GermanyGermany April 11, 2007 June 27, 2007 Interim trainer
Kjetil Rekdal NorwayNorway June 28, 2007 February 9, 2008 dismiss
Milan Šašić CroatiaCroatia February 13, 2008 May 4, 2009 dismiss
Alois Schwartz GermanyGermany May 4, 2009 June 17, 2009 Interim trainer
Marco Kurz GermanyGermany June 18, 2009 March 20, 2012 dismiss
Krassimir Balakov BulgariaBulgaria March 22, 2012 May 18, 2012 dismiss
Franco Foda GermanyGermany July 1, 2012 29th August 2013 dismiss
Oliver Schäfer GermanyGermany 29th August 2013 16th September 2013 Interim trainer
Kosta Runjaic GermanyGermany 16th September 2013 23rd September 2015 resignation
Konrad five piece GermanyGermany 23rd September 2015 May 20, 2016 dismiss
Tayfun Korkut TurkeyTurkey GermanyGermany June 15, 2016 December 27, 2016 resignation
Norbert Meier GermanyGermany January 3, 2017 20th September 2017 dismiss
Manfred Paula GermanyGermany 20th September 2017 27th September 2017 Interim trainer
Jeff Strasser LuxembourgLuxembourg 27th September 2017 January 24, 2018 ill
Hans Werner Moser GermanyGermany January 26, 2018 January 31, 2018 Interim trainer
Michael Frontzeck GermanyGermany 1st February 2018 1st December 2018 dismiss
Sascha Hildmann GermanyGermany December 6, 2018 16th September 2019 dismiss
Boris Schommers GermanyGermany 19th September 2019

The venues

Ländel, Eselsfürth and Waldschlösschen

Before the sports field at Betzenberg (today's Fritz-Walter-Stadion ) was opened in 1920 , the FV Kaiserslautern and its predecessor clubs played on different courts.

The play area "Im Ländel" on Friedenstraße was the venue for FC 1900 until 1902. Afterwards, they moved to the sports field at Waldschlösschen, which was also used by FC Bavaria 1902. FC Palatia 1901 played on the Eselsfürth sports field . In 1909 the three clubs merged to form FV Kaiserslautern. In 1915, the FVK had to terminate its lease for the site at Waldschlösschen due to a lack of income, and in 1919 the lease for the Eselsfürth sports field expired. The club then looked for a new area and decided to build a new sports area on the Betzenberg.

Fritz Walter Stadium

Stadium announcer Horst Schömbs

The sports field at Betzenberg was opened on May 13, 1920 and has been renovated, rebuilt and expanded over and over again. In 1985 the previous “Betzenberg Stadium” was renamed “Fritz Walter Stadium” after the most famous FCK player and world champion from 1954, who also has honorary citizenship in Kaiserslautern. The "Betze", as the stadium is still popularly known, today has a capacity of 49,850 spectators.

The FCK had to move to the Südweststadion in Ludwigshafen several times : until the 1950s, FCK played the home games in the final round of the German championship in Ludwigshafen because the Betzenbergstadion was too small. On November 18, 1972 (the 60,000 spectators in this game against FC Bayern Munich are FCK's home game record in the Bundesliga to this day) and at the beginning of the 1978/79 season (two home games), the FCK gave up due to renovation work from the local Betzenberg to the Südweststadion.

Horst Schömbs has been the stadium announcer at the FCK Bundesliga games since 1994, with a brief interruption. His predecessor Udo Scholz also held this position for many years.

Spectators and fan culture

The fans of the FCK

"You'll never walk alone" (April 2000)
West curve 2011

After the average number of spectators had declined since the previous record from the 1998/99 season with an average of 41,010 visitors, more people came to the Fritz-Walter-Stadion again from 2008 onwards. In the 2008/09 season, FCK achieved the highest average attendance of all European second division clubs with 34,411 visitors per game. In the first Bundesliga season after four years of being in the second division (2010/11), an average of 46,392 spectators per game came, which is a new club-internal record. After relegated to the 2nd Bundesliga, the average attendance dropped again significantly.

In the 1990/91 season, the FCK fans set another attendance record: In the decisive game for the German championship on the last day of the match, around 40,000 guest fans were present at the Müngersdorfer Stadium - the Red Devils won 6-2.

The FCK fans are organized in 387 fan clubs (as of November 2011) worldwide. The first official and still existing fan club Nomborn was founded on June 9, 1969. When the Bundesliga started in 1963, there were already fan clubs, but these have not yet been officially registered by the club. In March 1977, under the new FCK President Jürgen Friedrich, the first fan club event was held, in which representatives from 44 fan clubs took part. From this point on, such events took place regularly. The club's best-known online fanzine is der-betze-brennt.de .

The most fanatical supporters are in the west curve , which gained nationwide fame through those loud fans. The atmosphere on the Betzenberg has always been considered very heated. Even in the early days of the Bundesliga, the Palatinate audience was described as the roughest in the league, but Betzenberg also and especially in terms of volume played a pioneering role for a long time. After FCK defeated Real Madrid 5-0 in the 1982 UEFA Cup , Real coach Vujadin Boskov, for example, could not remember "having seen such a vocal backdrop." In the wake of the general change in the mood in the stadiums has also changed those on the Betzenberg. But the stadium is still ascribed a special atmosphere during the games.

As with all clubs in German professional football, FCK Ultrà has groups. In the mid-1990s, there were initially smaller, ultra-oriented groups whose members and other fans joined together in 1998 to form the “Generation Lucifer”. The "GL" is still the largest Ultrà group of the FCK with over 500 members. Other groups that are important today are “Frenetic Youth” and “Pfalz Inferno”.

Prominent FCK fans or at least sympathizers include actress Ulrike Folkerts , TV chef Johann Lafer , presenter Michel Friedman , and German musicians Zedd and Mark Forster .

Fan friendships

Generation Lucifer with friendship banner
Choreography "Tradition connects"

The fans of 1. FC Kaiserslautern maintain several friendships with fans of other clubs. The ultra group "Generation Lucifer" is friends with the ultras of the "Horda Frenetik 97" from FC Metz . In the last few years, two hooligan groups from both clubs started a friendship between 1. FC Kaiserslautern and VfB Stuttgart . This has been growing steadily since then. In the meantime, many other fans have confessed to this friendship and it is very much animated. The oldest of the current larger connections is with the fans of TSV 1860 Munich . Historically, it is the greatest fan friendship to date and had its peak in the 1990s, but gradually declined in the years after the turn of the millennium. Since then, there have been and are efforts to revive this friendship. In 2007, at the second division game against 1860, a friendship choreography entitled “Tradition connects” was shown in the west curve. There is still a fundamental bond with the Munich “lions”. Smaller fan clubs are actively involved in this friendship today and there is also a commitment to this topic on the Internet, for example on Facebook. To this day, supportive stadium visits take place when one club competes in the other's region. Abroad there are also fan friendships with Kilmarnock FC , as well as with US Palermo and Hellas Verona .

There was also a long-term friendship with the fans of Werder Bremen , which was borne by many fans, and which in the past few years was almost completely neglected. Analogous to the friendship with 1860 Munich, there are mainly Facebook pages that deal with the commitment to fan friendship with Bremen. The largest of these has (as of 2018) around 3000 likes. There was a small, short-term connection with SG Wattenscheid 09 in the early 1990s .

Rivalries and antipathies

The historically first major rivalry after the Second World War developed into FK Pirmasens at the time of the Oberliga Südwest as the top division. This rivalry is still anchored in the collective memory today, but is no longer reflected in games due to decades of different game classes.

The fans of the FCK currently have mainly rivalries with the fans of clubs, which are also located in southwest Germany. Longstanding rivalries exist especially with SV Waldhof Mannheim , Karlsruher SC , 1. FC Saarbrücken and Eintracht Frankfurt due to many past derbies. In more recent times, the 1. FSV Mainz 05 was added as a sporting competitor from Rhineland-Palatinate , which, due to its recently grown structures, also in the fan scene, in particular has a certain disdain for it. It can also be stated that FC Bayern Munich is very unpopular among FCK fans due to the great contrasts with 1. FC Kaiserslautern - in terms of financial possibilities and their own claims. The FC Bayern games on the Betzenberg were particularly explosive because FC Bayern's points scoring was particularly poor there until the 1990s. A 7: 4 victory for FCK after a 1: 4 deficit in 1973 is one of the special Bundesliga games. Rivalries with Eintracht Trier and TuS Koblenz exist due to their regional proximity, although there are fewer clashes here.

In the run-up to the first traditional duel against SV Waldhof in 18 years on the 7th matchday of the third division 2019/20 season , which ended 1: 1, there were various incidents. For example, on the morning of the match day, a badly abused pig was found on the softball court of the Mannheim Tornados . Suspected Lautern supporters had left the animal on the square with slogans sprayed on it, such as “Lautern pigs in your city too” or a crossed out “SVW”. Shortly before that, the heads of two figures of the "11 Friends", stone figures arranged in a semicircle at the foot of the Betzenberg , had been forcibly removed.

There was widespread rejection of TSG 1899 Hoffenheim and RB Leipzig . The rejection of TSG Hoffenheim is based on the fact that the club became significant in a very short time mainly through large financial donations from a patron. In the case of RB Leipzig, it is criticized that the club was founded for marketing purposes in the first place. Similar to the case of TSG Hoffenheim - but even more pronounced overall - this rejection is on the same level as the fan scenes of most professional clubs. During games against RB Leipzig, protests can be seen regularly in and around the stadium. There were strong, sometimes insulting protests against Willi Orban , who moved from Kaiserslautern to Leipzig in 2015.


Traditionally, the “Betze song” is played before every home game. The better-known songs also include the Waltermannschaft song , the Westkurv'-Song and Geh mer nuff uff de Betzeberg .

In addition, the fans sang “ You'll Never Walk Alone ” before kick-off . The special thing about this is that the fans perform the classic soccer song without any support from the tape.


Main sponsors

The first known main sponsor, Opel, was not yet on the jerseys. The Campari company was the first main sponsor to advertise with a lettering on the jersey.

Period Surname Branch
1970-1976 Opel Automobile manufacturer
1976-1979 Campari spirits
1979-1981 Streak House building
1981-1984 Portas renovation
1984-1987 Karlsberg brewery
1987-1989 Trigema textiles
1989-1996 OKI Electrical engineering
1996-1998 Crunchips Food
1998-2010 German financial consulting Financial distribution
2010-2014 Allgäu mountain pine personal hygiene
2014-2015 paysafecard Prepaid cards
2015-2016 Maxda Loan brokerage
2016-2018 top12.de Remaining stock - online shop
2018-2020 Layenberger Newtrition Style Dietetic foods


Period Surname
1968-1973 puma
1974-1975 Adidas
1975-1976 Umbro
1976-1988 Adidas
1978-1980 Erima
1980-1985 Adidas
1985-1991 Erima
1991-1994 Uhlsport
1994-1999 Adidas
1999-2003 Nike
2003-2009 Kappa
2009-2011 Do you football
2011-2019 Uhlsport
since 2019 Nike

1. FC Kaiserslautern II (U21)

The amateurs of 1. FC Kaiserslautern (officially "1. FC Kaiserslautern II" since 2005) played from 1957 to 1992 with a one-year break (1982/83) in the highest amateur league (until 1978 1. Amateur League Southwest, 1978 to 1994 Oberliga) Southwest ). After relegation in 1992 to the Association League Southwest and promotion in 1994 to the now only fourth-class Oberliga Südwest, the "Little Devils" have been commuting between the regional league introduced in 1994 and the Oberliga.

From 2008 to 2017 they competed in the Regionalliga West and the new Regionalliga Südwest . At the end of the 2016/17 season, the team was relegated to the now fifth-class Oberliga, which is now known as Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz / Saar .

Season balance sheets for the last few years
League / season space Gates Points
OL Southwest 2000/01 01 79:26 79
RL South 2001/02 15th 41:60 34
RL South 2002/03 13 43:47 45
RL South 2003/04 18th 43:67 32
OL Southwest 2004/05 02 76:28 69
RL South 2005/06 13 39:44 41
RL South 2006/07 18th 19:63 10
OL Southwest 2007/08 02 64:26 68
RL West 2008/09 02 59:42 65
RL West 2009/10 07th 43:37 49
RL West 2010/11 04th 53:36 59
RL West 2011/12 09 56:55 51
RL Southwest 2012/13 03 56:38 60
RL Southwest 2013/14 04th 66:31 63
RL Southwest 2014/15 04th 57:28 61
RL Southwest 2015/16 10 47:42 43
RL Southwest 2016/17 16 46:59 36
OL Rhineland-Palatinate / Saar 2017/18 03 89:29 77
OL Rhineland-Palatinate / Saar 2018/19 09 61:42 51
OL Rhineland-Palatinate / Saar 2019/20 02 47:25 40
RL: Regionalliga
OL: Oberliga
highlighted in green: Promotion
highlighted in red: Relegation


  • Status: January 26, 2019
2018/19 season
No. Nat. player birthday In the team since
01 GermanyGermany Jonas-Janko Weyand December 3, 2000 2014
12 GermanyGermany Matheo Raab December 18, 1998 2017
03 GermanyGermany Soeren Lippert October 9, 1999 2018
05 MontenegroMontenegro Yannick Filipović February 23, 1998 2017
11 GermanyGermany Michael Clemens March 8, 1995 2017
20th GermanyGermany Jonas Scholz January 24, 1999 2018
27 GermanyGermany Julian Löschner August 31, 1996 2017
02 CroatiaCroatia Antonio Jonjić * February 9, 1998 2013
06th GermanyGermany Luca Jensen January 1, 1998 2006
08th GermanyGermany Nils Schätzle January 13, 1999 2017
18th GermanyGermany Simon Gartmann September 15, 1999 2018
21st GermanyGermany Mohamed Morabet January 31, 1998 2015
22nd GermanyGermany Justus Klein August 16, 1997 2019
26th GreeceGreece Iosif Maroudis March 23, 1998 2014
09 TurkeyTurkey Huseyin Cakmak March 20, 1999 2018
10 GermanyGermany Jonas Singer November 15, 1997 2018
14th GermanyGermany Valdrin Mustafa March 11, 1998 2014
17th GermanyGermany Julius Lammenett December 30, 1998 2018
19th NigeriaNigeria Jeffrey Idehen March 8, 1999 2018
23 GermanyGermany Christian Kühlwetter * April 21, 1996 2016
* is also in the professional squad
GermanyGermany Hans Werner Moser
Assistant coach
GermanyGermany Andreas Clauss
Goalkeeping coach
GermanyGermany Sven Höh
Athletic trainer
GermanGerman Marvin Kilian



Until 2008, the “Little Devils” played their home games on Betzenberg Platz 4, next to the Fritz Walter Stadium . It has space for 3,000 spectators. As of the 2008/09 regional league season , the team usually played their home games in the Fritz Walter Stadium due to DFB guidelines . After relegation to the league in 2017, the stadium initially remained the venue. Since the second half of the 2017/18 season, the team has played their home games at the Fröhnerhof youth training center.


The coach of 1. FC Kaiserslautern II since 1980

Time at FCK
Surname Nat. From To
Josef Stabel GermanGerman 1980 1981
Mathias Volk GermanGerman 1981 1981
Reinhard Meier GermanGerman 1981 1987
Josef Stabel GermanGerman July 1987 November 1987
Thomas Schmidt GermanGerman November 1987 1989
Reiner Hollmann GermanGerman 1989 February 1990
Reinhard Meier GermanGerman 1990 1990
Dietmar Schwager GermanGerman 1990 1991
Werner Melzer GermanGerman December 1991 June 1997
Stefan Majewski PolePole July 1997 May 1999
Michael Dusek GermanGerman July 1999 September 2001
Uwe Stöver GermanGerman September 2001 September 2003
Surname Nat. From To
Hans-Werner Moser 1 GermanGerman September 2003 August 2006
Uwe Stöver 2 GermanGerman April 2005 June 2005
Kosta Runjaic 2 GermanGerman August 2006 August 2006
Alois Reinhardt GermanGerman August 2006 October 2006
Olaf Marshal 2 GermanGerman October 2006 December 2006
Alois Schwartz 1 GermanGerman January 2007 September 2012
Frank Lelle 2 GermanGerman May 2009 June 2009
Guido Hoffmann 2 GermanGerman September 2012 December 2012
Konrad five piece GermanGerman January 2013 September 2015
Oliver Schäfer GermanGerman September 2015 June 2016
Hans Werner Moser GermanGerman July 2016
1 Interim coach of the professional team in the following period
2 Interim trainer

Youth work of the football department

In the 2015/16 season, the A-youth of FCK plays in the U19 Regionalliga Südwest, the B-Youth plays in the U-17-Bundesliga . Gunther Metz looks after the U19 and Philipp Dahm the U17 team.

Elite school of football

Since October 28, 2008, 1. FCK and its performance center have been part of the “Elite Football School” system, which is certified by the DFB. Together with the state Heinrich-Heine-Gymnasium, the Kurpfalz-Realschule plus Kaiserslautern, the Integrated Comprehensive School Bertha von Suttner and the Southwest German Football Association, they form the network system. As a result, ambitious talents (highly gifted) should be offered an optimal performance-enhancing environment in which they can train systematically and intensively, but at the same time receive optimal schooling and support. The network system ensures that the promotion of talented students in the field of football is not tied to one type of school and that close cooperation enables a flexible school career. Kevin Trapp, Jean Zimmer, Willi Orban, Daniel Halfar, Fabian Schönheim, Florian Fromlowitz and Nicklas Shipnoski are a few examples of DFB select players and licensed players who emerged from the “Elite School of Football” network in Kaiserslautern and who started a professional career. There are currently 35 elite football schools recognized by the DFB Presidium.

Boarding school

The Heinrich-Heine-Gymnasium (Kaiserslautern) runs the official boarding school of 1. FC Kaiserslautern. The boarding school offers almost 200 places. It is a part-time boarding school that is operated for selected athletes but also on weekends and during holidays. On average, more than 50 FCK players are accommodated in the boarding schools. The cooperation between the club and the Heinrich Heine Gymnasium consists of special athletic and school support for the athletes, training by trained HHG and FCK trainers, accommodation in the boarding schools, full board catering for sports in the school's own cafeteria and transfer of players.


Ernst Diehl was responsible for the youth of the FCK for years. Initially he was head youth trainer for 16 years and from 1994 youth coordinator. The youth department had its first major success by winning the B youth championship in 1983. A year later, some players also belonged to the A youth team of FCK, which lost 3-1 to VfB Stuttgart in the championship final . In 1991, coach Ernst Diehl's team reached the final again and was again defeated by VfB Stuttgart. In 1992 the A-Jugend finally won their first championship (5-1 victory in the final against 1. FC Cologne ). The so far last title win of the two oldest youth teams came in 2003 when they won the DFB Junior Club Cup in 2003 . The coach of the team, which included goalkeeper Florian Fromlowitz , was former FCK captain Michael Dusek . In 2011, the U-19 team came through the championship in the U-19 Bundesliga season south-west to the final round of the German championship, in which FCK advanced to the final and lost 4-2 to VfL Wolfsburg .

The center of the FCK youth work is the “Rote Teufel” sports park on the Fröhnerhof, which was inaugurated in August 2000. In 2003 it was sold together with the Fritz-Walter-Stadion to the Fritz-Walter-Stadion Kaiserslautern GmbH due to the club's financial problems.


Other sports

In addition to football, the club currently has the departments basketball, boxing, FCK Portuguese, handball, headis, hockey, running, athletics and triathlon.


The club's basketball department was founded in 1952. From 2002 to 2007 the first men's team played in the 2nd Bundesliga South and was then outsourced as Kaiserslautern Braves after qualifying for the single-track 2nd Bundesliga . In the 2014/15 season, the first men's team of FCK basketball players from 1. FC Kaiserslautern will play in the fourth-class Regionalliga Südwest and the first women's team will play in the fourth-class Regionalliga Südwest-Nord.


There was already a boxing department at FV Kaiserslautern. It achieved greater success when the FRP boxer Ludwig Werle became “Gaumeister of all classes” in 1923.

From the ranks of the Boxabteilung 1. FCK won Emil Schulz at the Olympic Games of Tokyo a silver medal, Reiner Gies at the Olympic Games in Seoul a bronze medal.

Before moving to the professional camp, Karl Mildenberger , who challenged heavyweight world champion Muhammad Ali in 1966 , also boxed for the boxing department of 1. FCK.

FCK Portuguese (amateur football)

The FCK-Portuguese division founded by Portuguese immigrants has had its own football team since 1966 . A second team has also existed since the 2017/18 season. Both teams - 1. FC Kaiserslautern Portuguese and 1. FC Kaiserslautern Portuguese II - are currently (2018) playing in the C-Class Kaiserslautern-Donnersberg North and South.


In spring 1921, the FV Kaiserslautern founded a handball department, which won the Palatinate Cup in 1925 .

The current FCK handball players, both in the active area and in the youth area (handball devils), form the handball game communities (HSG) Kaiserslautern with TSG Kaiserslautern and have established themselves as an integral part of the Palatinate handball association. With the bundled forces of the two largest sports clubs in Kaiserslautern, some outstanding successes have been achieved. Among other things, the first men's team managed to win the association cup in the 2015/16 season and fight their way through to the final four in the Pfalzpokal. In the following year, the syndicate managed to qualify for the Final Four in the Pfalzpokal. Outstanding successes were also achieved in the parallel league games. The first men's team of the HSG rose as the undefeated table leader in the association league in the 2017/18 season in the Palatinate League and was able to play in the upper part of the table in the first year.


The FCK has had its own department for the Headis sport, which originated in Kaiserslautern, since 2013.


The hockey department was created by the transfer of the hockey players from the sports club in 1910 on September 19, 1913. There is currently a men's team in the active area. This plays on the field in the 2nd Association League Rhineland-Palatinate / Saar. In the 2018/2019 indoor season she was part of the 5th Association League Rhineland-Palatinate / Saar. In the youth field, too, the FCK's hockey department has currently registered some teams to play.

Running, athletics and triathlon

In these three departments, the club can boast great successes. The triathlete Georg Anstett (now PSV Pirmasens) was European champion in the M35 age group in the Ironman and also competed in the Ironman Hawaii. In athletics / running, 1. FCK also has European champions (relay sprint seniors) and German champions (middle distance juniors, senior women long distance), numerous national champions and world championships at the medigames .

The Olympic champion and multiple world champion in track cycling Miriam Welte has been starting for 1. FC Kaiserslautern since 2014 and is part of the triathlon department there.

Former departments

Women's soccer

After the first women's game on the Betzenberg ( ASV Landau versus the Datschiburger Kickers ) took place on April 25, 1970 before a Bundesliga game , which was followed by 20,000 spectators, the FCK founded a women's football department. The club ignored a ban because the DFB had not officially allowed women's football. On July 14, 1970, the team played their first game (6-0 against Otterberg). The greatest success of the FCK players in the 1983/84 season was reaching the quarter-finals of the DFB Cup . With Margret Kratz , FCK also had a national player in its ranks (two games in 1985). In 1986 the department was dissolved again.

In April 2011, the FCK started a cooperation with the second division club 1. FFC 08 Niederkirchen , in order to gather experience, since in the long term a women's soccer team is to be set up again at the FCK.

Wheelchair basketball

Since September 2009 there was a wheelchair basketball team at 1. FC Kaiserslautern . The FCK Rolling Devils were initially integrated into the basketball department and then merged into an independent department, the establishment of which was decided in March 2013 and completed in December 2013. FCK Rolling Devils have been playing in the 1st Bundesliga since 2014 . In July 2015, the Rolling Devils were spun off as an independent club with 1. FC Kaiserslautern as the name sponsor and at the annual general meeting on December 12, 2015, the FCK Rolling Devils department was dissolved.


In August 1919, the tennis company joined the FV Kaiserslautern, as tennis courts were also laid out when the Betzenberg sports park was built. In 1925, part of the department separated again because the spaces on the Betzenberg were now deficient.

See also


  • Dominic Bold: 1. FC Kaiserslautern: The Chronicle . Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2013, ISBN 978-3-7307-0046-4 .
  • Dirk Leibfried, Wolfgang Kreilinger, Peter Lenk: Bastion Betzenberg. Dasbach Verlag, Taunusstein 1994, ISBN 3-928231-15-4 .
    • Wolfgang Kreilinger, Peter Lenk: Bastion Betzenberg. Dasbach Verlag, 1991, ISBN 3-928231-12-X .
    • Peter Lenk: Betzenberg Bastion. Dasbach Verlag, 1988.
    • Peter Lenk, Gerhard Reuter: The football kings from the Palatinate. Dasbach Verlag, 1978.
  • Dirk Leibfried, Gerd Rauland: 100 years of 1. FC Kaiserslautern. Tradition has a future. Wartberg, Gudensberg 2000, ISBN 3-86134-719-9 .
  • Markwart Herzog : The "Betze" under the swastika - 1. FC Kaiserslautern in the time of National Socialism . Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2006, ISBN 978-3-89533-541-9 .
  • Michael Becker: The Simple Minds from Betzenberg. The decline of a traditional club. An (almost) unbelievable story. Lehnert, Saarbrücken 2004, ISBN 3-926320-62-1 .
  • Günter Rohrbacher-List: In the heart of the Palatinate. The history of 1. FC Kaiserslautern . Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-89533-583-9 .
    • Günter Rohrbacher-List: 1st football club Kaiserslautern. The mountain, the land and the ball. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 1995, ISBN 3-89533-125-2 .

Fan literature

  • Björn Schmidt: Life is a football game. Forfeited to 1. FC Kaiserslautern. The workshop, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-89533-602-7 .
  • Jürgen Kind: On the way in the name of the red devils. Agon Sportverlag, Kassel 2009, ISBN 978-3-89784-358-5 .
  • Klaus Rudolf Bößler: The Betzenberg story ...: from the point of view of a fan ...; or: when the policemen were still policemen. Hellblau Verlag, Essen 2008, ISBN 978-3-937787-20-6 .
  • Dirk Harreus: 1. FC Kaiserslautern fan - a happy football book for everyone for whom Betzenberg has become a second home. With drawings by Thomas Plaßmann. Tomus Verlag, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-8231-1111-6 .

Web links

Commons : 1. FC Kaiserslautern  - album with pictures, videos and audio files


  1. The date of foundation is controversial, see section "Family tree of the association and history up to the last merger"
  2. In the statutes, the association differentiates between formation and foundation and states both dates.
  3. From 2010 to 2012 1. FCK carried a so-called “ tradition logo ”.
  4. The coaches who coached the FCK first team in at least one competitive game are taken into account
  5. In the summer of 1944, Karl Berndt trained a war syndicate (KSG) made up of players from VfR, TSG and 1. FC Kaiserslautern.
  6. After coaches were hired from 1949 onwards, Walter remained a player and, as a personality, continued to influence what happened next to the field.

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