Second Boer War
, the British Empire gains
the upper hand.
|Boxer Rebellion, directed against Europe, Japan and the USA, breaks out in China .|
|world exhibition in Paris reaches 47 million visitors.|
|1900 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1348/49 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1892/93 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Baha'i calendar||56/57 (turn of the year 20/21 March)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1305/06 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2443/44 (southern Buddhism); 2442/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||76th (77th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1262/63 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4233/34 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1278/79 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1317/18 (April 30th / May 1st)|
Meiji 33 (
明治 33 年);
|Jewish calendar||5660/61 (23/24 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1616/17 (September 10-11)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1315/16 (March 1st)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2210/11 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2211/12 (New Year October)
|Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar)||2442/43 (April 1)|
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1956/57 (turn of the year April)|
The year 1900 is a secular year . It has 365 days. The year 1900 was particularly marked by three events: the World Exhibition in Paris , the Second Boer War in South Africa and the beginning of the Boxer Rebellion in China.
Politics and world events
- January 1: In the German Reich which occur Civil Code (BGB) and the German Commercial Code (HGB) in force.
- January 1st: The Personal Status Act comes into force on Heligoland . From now on, marriages must be concluded in front of a registrar.
- January 1st: Centenary in the Zeughaus Berlin , hosted by Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- January 12: A majority of the Reichstag votes in favor of combining orphan's and widow's pensions with the state disability insurance.
- January 25th: Second Tirpitz fleet draft for arming the German Navy against British naval rule
- APRIL 9: By the law on the punishment of deprivation of electrical work is electricity theft in Germany as a misdemeanor punishable.
- May 22: The Reichstag adopts the controversial draft law on moral offenses ( Lex Heinze ) in its compromise version.
- June 12: On the basis of Tirpitz's second naval bill, the Reichstag passes the second naval law , which promotes the arms race with Great Britain at sea.
- October 17: Bernhard von Bülow becomes the new German Chancellor.
- November 16: The Emperor's car is attacked in Wroclaw by a woman who is then admitted to a psychiatric clinic. The conservative press attributes this incident to the SPD.
- December 1: According to the results of the census, 56,345,014 people live in the German Reich .
- Kiel exceeds the 100,000-inhabitant limit and thus becomes a big city .
Other events in Europe
- January 1: Walter Hauser replaces Eduard Müller as President of Switzerland . Hauser becomes Federal President for the second time after 1892.
- January 3: The French state court in Paris sentenced the poet and politician Paul Déroulède to ten years in exile for high treason .
- January 4: In Bohemia and Moravia go about 70,000 miners in the strike . They demand a reduction in working hours and a wage increase of 20%. In February, thousands more miners all over the empire join. The poor organization and financial distress caused the strike in March to fail without any success.
- January 4: Riots and strikes broke out in the Liège and Moravian-Ostrava coalfields .
- February 12: Lenin returns from Siberian exile after three years .
- February 27: Labor Representation Committee set up as the forerunner of the British Labor Party
- March 31: Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk founds the Realistic Party (Czech People's Party) as a Czech independence movement and as a rejection of Pan-Slavism .
- April 5th: The Belgian government adopts a subsidy program to develop the Congo area.
- April 17: Ten Belgian merchants are charged in Brussels for the mass murder of natives of the Congolese colony .
- May 5: After serious unrest and mass rallies in Barcelona , Madrid , Valladolid , Burgos and Saragossa against the new tax laws, the Spanish government imposes a state of siege on Barcelona. Spain has found itself in a desperate budget situation since 1898 due to the fight against the uprising in Cuba and the war against the USA .
- May 20: The introduction of general accident and health insurance is rejected in Switzerland as a result of a referendum.
- May 23: The House of Commons grants women the right to vote and stand for election to London local councils .
- July 29th: King Umberto I of Italy is killed in an assassination attempt by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci in Monza , followed by his son Viktor Emanuel III. on the throne.
- July 29th: Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (later called Lenin ) leaves Russia and goes through Geneva to Munich in a five-year exile.
- August 2: An unsuccessful assassination attempt on the Shah of Persia , Mozaffar ed-Din , is carried out in Paris . The Shah surprises the armed 25-year-old assassin with a blow on the wrist.
- September 28: British Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain is accused of having personally enriched himself as a result of his stakes in six arms companies.
- December 1: There are 3,315,443 inhabitants in Switzerland, of which 383,424 (11.6%) are foreigners and 2,932,019 are Swiss citizens. Their number has increased by 8.3% since December 1, 1888.
- December 15: France and Italy reach a secret agreement on their spheres of interest in Morocco and Tripolitania.
- December 31: In Austria-Hungary there are 46,890,000 inhabitants. Since 1890 the population has increased by 9.3%.
Second Boer War in Southern Africa
In the Second Boer War the Boers were able to celebrate quick successes last year, to the surprise of the British, and march into the Cape Colony and the Natal Colony . They besieged several British garrisons and, around the turn of the year, inflicted four catastrophic defeats within six weeks in the battles of Magersfontein , Colenso , Stormberg and Spion Kop . At the beginning of 1900, however, the tide turned in favor of the British, with the arrival of 60,000 reinforcements. The besieged cities are fought free and the Boers defeated at Paardeberg , Diamond Hill and Belfast . On March 13, the capital of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein , falls on June 5, the capital of the Transvaal , Pretoria . President Kruger then flees to Europe. Britain seems to have won the war. But now the Boers are changing their tactics and are starting a guerrilla war that is extremely costly for the British . Under their leader, General Christiaan De Wet , they continued to fight for a full two years.
- January 24th: The Boers win the Battle of Spion Kop over the British ( Natal / South Africa )
- February 7th: The British House of Commons rejects a motion by the Irish nationalists to end the Boer War by a large majority .
- February 26: In front of the House of Commons , the British Minister of War, St John Brodrick, announced that women and children were being held in concentration camps "for their protection" during the Boer War . The food situation in these camps is described as "difficult".
- March 2: The British end the siege of Ladysmith , the third largest city in the colony of Natal .
- March 13th: The British complete the conquest of the Orange Free State .
- April 4: Albert Eduard , Prince of Wales , is assassinated at Brussels Central Station, but it fails. The perpetrator, a 16-year-old plumber, justifies his act with the British policy of oppression during the Boer War. The following day, the British press blamed the continental European states' policy of agitation against the Boer War for the attack. On July 5th, the perpetrator was acquitted of insanity.
- May 28th: Great Britain declares the Boer Republic of Orange Free State a colony .
- May 31st: British troops occupy Johannesburg , the Boers withdraw to Pretoria.
- June 5th: British troops occupy Pretoria .
- September 1st: Great Britain announces the annexation of the Transvaal in South Africa.
- September 19: British Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts declares the Boer War over.
- November 24th: The President of the South African Boer states, Paul Kruger , is received in Paris by the French President Émile Loubet . The Senate and the Chamber of the French Republic express their sympathy for the Boers.
- December 2nd: Paul Kruger is in Cologne. The Reich government refuses to receive him in Berlin, which is interpreted by the German public as compliance with Great Britain.
French colonies in Africa
- April 22nd: In the battle of Kousséri between three French colonial armies under the command of Amédée-François Lamy on the one hand and the troops of the Bornu empire under the usurper Rabih az-Zubayr ibn Fadl Allah on the other hand, both military leaders are killed. The Central African Empire defeated by the French in this battle is later divided among the colonial powers Great Britain, France and Germany.
- May 29th: The French found Fort Lamy in Africa . It is developing into the capital of Chad and is now called N'Djamena .
Boxer Rebellion in China
The Chinese people's movement of boxers is directed against the growing influence of the colonial powers, and especially the unequal treaties , as well as Christian proselytizing in China, and wants to eliminate them by force. In addition, there is a general mood of crisis, triggered by natural disasters and famine. The Qing dynasty , which has only just had internal struggles in which the Dowager Empress Cixi prevailed, can do little to counter this, but is also supported by the boxers at the same time.
On April 15, the boxers were banned under pressure from foreign powers, but since regular imperial troops in Beijing and Tientsin allied with them, the ban could not be enforced. In May the movement reached the vicinity of the capital Beijing and began with attacks against foreigners and against the railway lines leading to the coast. The foreign envoys in Beijing then order around 450 soldiers to act as embassy guards in Beijing and begin to barricade the area.
On 17 June, the storm allied troops the coastal forts of Dagu near Tianjin. In response, the imperial court issued an edict on June 21, and imperial troops officially fight alongside the boxers. Around 20,000 Chinese troops and boxer militias then besiege the legation district in Beijing, while the international concession in Tianjin (Tientsin) is besieged at the same time.
In the meantime, six European countries as well as the USA and Japan have put together an expeditionary force for an intervention in China. When part of the German troops are leaving on July 27, Kaiser Wilhelm II gives his notorious Huns speech . However, the troops embarked in Europe are too late to take part in the relief of Tianjin and Beijing.
The expeditionary force reached Beijing on August 13, which fell the following day. On August 15, the Dowager Empress and her council flee Beijing to Xi'an . In an edict of September 7th, Cixi blames the boxers for the military defeat and orders the provincial governors to use government troops against them again. On September 25, high officials involved in the uprising were demoted from the imperial court. At the same time, the Allied troops begin to carry out punitive expeditions against insurgents and thus to break the last resistance.
- June 14th: The "Boxers" march into Beijing
- June 17: Troops of the United Eight States capture the strategically important Taku forts at the mouth of the Hai He River during the Boxer Rebellion .
- June 20: The German ambassador in Beijing , Klemens von Ketteler , is shot dead by one of their soldiers in the street during the rampant boxer uprising .
- July 14th: During the Boxer Rebellion, the international troop contingent takes the Chinese city of Tientsin .
- July 27: Kaiser Wilhelm II gives the Huns speech in Bremerhaven in front of the troops assigned to East Asia. International protests follow.
- August 15: An expedition corps of the western powers conquers Beijing (see Boxer Rebellion ).
- September 23: The German field marshal Alfred Graf von Waldersee receives supreme command over the Allied troops in the Boxer War .
- October 16: In London, the German Empire and Great Britain conclude the Yangtze River Agreement to regulate common economic interests in the Empire of China , which later other great powers will join.
- January 26th: Theodore Roosevelt first used the expression "Speak softly and carry a big stick " in a letter .
- June 14: Hawaii becomes a US- annexed territory and becomes the 50th state in 1959 .
- November 6: Presidential election in the United States in 1900 : The Republican incumbent, William McKinley , was able to prevail over his Democratic challenger William Jennings Bryan , as he did in 1896 , and was confirmed for a second term. Theodore Roosevelt is the newly elected Vice President at McKinley's side .
- November 27: The US increases its permanent armed forces to 100,000 men.
Australia and Oceania
- February 17th: Division of the Samoa Islands: West of the 171th degree of longitude, they become a German protected area. The US occupies the eastern part.
- March 1st: Governor Wilhelm Heinrich Solf hoists the German imperial flag in Milinuu in the new German colony of German Samoa, known as a "protected area" .
- July 9: Britain's Queen Victoria signs the Australian Federal Constitution.
World Exhibition in Paris
Many technical achievements that will shape the 20th century will be presented at the Paris World Exhibition , including the diesel engine , the sound film and the escalator . The Paris Metro will also open at the time of the exhibition , and it will also host the Second Olympic Games .
- April 14: The French President Émile Loubet opens the Paris World Exhibition . From the following day, the audience can marvel at the escalators and a rolling sidewalk, among other things .
- November 12th: The world exhibition in Paris comes to an end. The organizers counted around 47 million visitors in the seven months.
- January 1: In Austria-Hungary , the Austrian crown becomes the exclusive means of payment. The new gold currency replaces the guilder , which has been slowly withdrawn from circulation since 1892. Two crowns correspond to one guilder.
- March 14: US President William McKinley signs the Gold Standard Bill. This fixed gold backing of the monetary currency was canceled 71 years later by Richard Nixon .
Postal economy and telecommunications
- April 1: Mail delivery in Germany is entrusted to the Reichspost as a monopoly , private transport of local mail is prohibited.
- April 16: Her first booklets of stamps are sold in the USA .
- May 15: The Borkum coastal radio station is opened.
- August 6th: The first telephone line between Berlin and Paris is activated.
- August 31: Direct telegraph traffic between Germany and the USA via submarine cables is started. The route goes from Borkum via Faial to New York City . The section between Germany and the Azores was opened on May 28th.
- January 2nd: The Österreichische Kronen-Zeitung appears in Vienna . The editor of the new daily magazine is Gustav Davis .
- August 3 Harvey Samuel Firestone founded in Akron tire company Firestone Tire and Rubber Company .
- July 2: In Friedrichshafen , Ferdinand von Zeppelin undertakes the first test drives with his rigid airship LZ 1 (length 128 m; diameter 11).
- July 5th: On its maiden voyage to North America, the passenger ship " Deutschland " wins the " Blue Ribbon " for the fastest Atlantic crossing to date.
- July 14: On the occasion of the World Exhibition in Paris, the Gare d'Orsay , built by Victor Laloux for the Paris-Orléans connection , is opened.
- July 19: The first Paris metro line goes into operation. The 10.6 km long tunnel connects the Porte Maillot and Porte de Vincennes stations .
- August 27: First regular long-haul bus service (London: Leeds)
- September 29th: The first train runs from Sulingen to Rahden. Later you can drive from Sulingen to Bassum for 1.10 marks.
science and technology
- March 16: The British Arthur Evans acquires a site with ruins of Knossós on Crete and uncovered the Minoan palace in extensive excavations lasting several years .
- March 27: The Swedish scientist and Asian researcher Sven Hedin discovers the ruined city of Loulan in China .
Mathematics / natural sciences
- May 28: A total solar eclipse can be observed in Portugal, Spain, Algeria and parts of the USA .
- August 8: During the International Congress of Mathematicians in Paris, David Hilbert presents his list of 23 problems in mathematics .
- August: The Berjosowka mammoth is found in the permafrost soil of Siberia .
- December 14th: Max Planck speaks to the German Physical Society in Berlin about the radiation law he discovered . This means that the radiation energy is not given off continuously, but in the form of energy quanta (the birth of quantum physics ).
- The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is described for the first time by the German botanist Walter Migula . It is also clinically important today as it is resistant to antibiotics .
- The British biochemist Frederick Gowland Hopkins is the first to isolate the amino acid tryptophan from proteins .
- April 20: The polar explorer Gunnerius Ingvald Isachsen discovers an unknown island in the polar sea . The Amund Ringnes Island is named after the brewery owner who financed the Norwegian expedition led by Otto Sverdrup .
Teaching and Research
- February 28: By decree, the Grand Duchy of Baden is the first German state to have women unrestrictedly admitted to university .
- March 9: In order to gain admission to university studies, German women's associations send petitions to the Reichstag, whose members declare that they are "not responsible".
- June 5: The German Gymnasium Association drafts a resolution in Braunschweig against the introduction of a curriculum without Latin for reform high schools where modern languages and natural sciences are primarily taught.
- June 8th: An expert commission of the Reich government, to which among others the Professors Virchow , Mommsen and Harnack belong, speaks out in favor of the equality of the reform high schools and for the equality of their qualifications.
- September 14th: An imperial decree allows women in Austria-Hungary to study medicine and obtain a doctorate. The University of Vienna admits women to the medical faculty (1897 at the philosophy faculty, 1919 at the law and political science faculty, 1922 at the evangelical theological and 1945 at the catholic theological faculty).
- Jan. 10: At the shipyard AG Vulcan Stettin place in the presence of Emperor Wilhelm II. The launch of the twin screw steamer Germany the HAPAG instead. The Deutschland is the largest, strongest and fastest German ship to date and will receive the Blue Ribbon on July 5th for the fastest Atlantic crossing.
- March 25: The first two-stroke diesel engine is tested in Guide Bridge near Manchester .
- November 16: The Pont de la Manufacture road bridge over the Vienne River, designed by the French civil engineer François Hennebique , opens in Châtellerault as the world's first reinforced concrete bridge .
- December 23: Reginald Fessenden carries out the first wireless voice transmission.
- The Baker Motor Vehicle Company unveils its first electric car , the Baker Electric , at the New York Auto Show . The first copy is purchased from Thomas Alva Edison .
- February 13: After around three and a half years of work, Gabriele D'Annunzio completes the novel Il Fuoco ( The Fire ). In this book he processes his five-year love affair with the actress Eleonora Duse . The book was a great scandal in Italy, but also in the rest of Europe and America.
- MAY 28: The first bound copies of the children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ( The Wizard of Oz ) by L. Frank Baum with illustrations by William Wallace Denslow appear.
- November: The last episode of Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim appears in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine .
- December 25th: Arthur Schnitzler's novella Leutnant Gustl appears in the Christmas supplement of the Neue Freie Presse .
- The novel Im Schlaraffenland. A novel among fine people by Heinrich Mann appears. It marks the beginning of a series of novels that deal critically with Wilhelminism .
- Collection of essays The Laughter by Henri Bergson
- Epic Olympic Spring by Carl Spitteler
- Cycle of poems The Carpet of Life by Stefan George
- First naturalistic novel by a woman: The Women’s Village by Clara Viebig
- The Daoist monk Wang Yuanlu accidentally discovered the "walled-up library" in the Mogao grottoes from 1036 .
Music and theater
- January 14th: The world premiere of the veristic opera Tosca by Giacomo Puccini takes place at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome . The libretto is by Giuseppe Giacosa and Luigi Illica based on the drama of the same name by Victorien Sardou .
- January 17th: The musical tragedy Cain by Eugen d'Albert has its world premiere at the Royal Opera House in Berlin . The libretto, based on the Book of Genesis of the Bible, comes from Heinrich Bulthaupt .
- January 22nd: The world premiere of the fairy tale opera Once Upon a Time ... by Alexander von Zemlinsky takes place at the Court Opera in Vienna .
- January 26th: The play When we dead awake by Henrik Ibsen is premiered at the Hoftheater in Stuttgart.
- February 2nd: World premiere of the veristic opera Louise by Gustave Charpentier in Paris
- March 15th: Premiere of the verse drama The Young Eagle by Edmond Rostand in Paris
- April 16: Premiere of the drama Meister Oelze by Johannes Schlaf in Magdeburg
- July 2nd: World premiere of the symphonic poem Finlandia by Jean Sibelius in Helsinki
- October 3rd: World premiere of the oratorio The Dream of Gerontius by Edward Elgar in Birmingham
- November 3rd: premiere of the opera Das Märchen vom Tsar Saltan by Nikolai Andrejewitsch Rimski-Korsakow at the Solodownikow -Private Opera in Moscow
- November 19: The first part of the three-part drama After Damascus by August Strindberg is premiered at the Dramaten in Stockholm. Due to its expressionistic design language, it is considered a milestone in the development of modern drama.
- December 8th: Premiere of the first two of three Nocturnes ( Nuages, Fêtes ) by Claude Debussy by the Lamoureux Orchestra in Paris
- December 21: The world premiere of the naturalistic drama Michael Kramer by Gerhart Hauptmann takes place at the Deutsches Theater Berlin .
- October 12: The first international culinary art exhibition initiated by MC Banzer opens under the protectorate of Margarethe von Prussia in Frankfurt am Main. It lasts until October 22nd.
- October 15: The foundation stone for the Monument to the Battle of the Nations is laid in Leipzig .
- October 27: The by Fritz Drechsler in Art Nouveau Built Artist House in Leipzig is considered the clubhouse of Leipzig artists association opened the space located in front of the house is in place at the Artists' House renamed.
- December 27: The new Braunschweig town hall , built in the high Gothic style, is inaugurated.
- The Wallace Collection art gallery opens to visitors.
- January 2nd: The first issue of the daily newspaper " Österreichische Kronen-Zeitung " appears.
- February 21: The physicist Albert Einstein , who was born in Ulm , is naturalized in Zurich .
- May 3: On the initiative of the German Emperor Wilhelm II , the people of Berlin donate 500,000.00 marks for the needy population of British India .
- May 14th: The Socialist Abstinentenbund of Switzerland is founded.
- May 26th: The Federation of Swiss Women's Associations holds its founding meeting in Bern .
- June 3: The law concerning the inspection of slaughtered cattle and meat comes into force in the German Reich.
- June 29th: The Nobel Foundation is established in Stockholm . She performs tasks related to the award of Nobel Prizes .
- July 1: The Austrian heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand married in Reichstadt (Bohemia) with Sophie Countess Chotek .
- September 2nd: In the state schools in Prussia a new subject on the subject of " Sexual Education " is introduced.
- November 6th: In order to counteract the decline in the birth rate, the French Chamber levies a special tax on all unmarried and childless of both sexes who have reached the age of 30.
- November 13: Women are admitted to bar in France.
- February 20: The Paderborn Bishop Hubert Theophil Simar is ordained as the new Archbishop of Cologne .
- March 25th: The Order of Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is brought into being in Hiltrup .
- June 19: The German Evangelical Institute for Classical Studies of the Holy Land is founded in Jerusalem .
- December 24th: Pope Leo XIII. ends the holy year with the closing of the Holy Gate of St. Peter's Church.
- January 4: An earthquake destroys ten villages in the Russian region around Tbilisi . Around 1,000 people are killed in the process.
- June 30: A major fire in the port of Hoboken (New Jersey) affects four German ships of the line. Bales of cotton lying on the wooden pier catch fire. 147 people died on the ships of the North German Lloyd alone , a total of 326 deaths.
- September 8: The Galveston Hurricane , a level 4 hurricane , devastates the Texan coastal city of Galveston , killing 8,000 people.
- October 1: A fire disaster in Baku destroys 97 drilling rigs and approx. 8,000 tons of crude oil .
- October 29: Nearly 200 people are killed in an explosion in a New York chemical plant.
- December 16: During a heavy storm, the German training ship " Gneisenau " sinks in the port of Málaga . 41 people lose their lives.
Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .
nature and environment
- March 24th: The last wild passenger pigeon is shot down by the fourteen-year-old son of a farmer in Ohio . Her stuffed hide is kept in a museum in Columbia.
- May 14th: Opening of the 2nd Summer Olympics in Paris as a side program of the current world exhibition
- At the Olympic Games in Paris, cricket is an Olympic sport for the first and only time , as is croquet and pelota
- October 28: After more than five months, the Second Summer Olympic Games in Paris come to an end with the closing ceremony.
- February 9: The 20-year-old American tennis player Dwight Filley Davis donates the Davis Cup named after him . The USA became the first Davis Cup winners in August with a 3-0 win over Great Britain.
- MAY 11: The American James J. Jeffries wins in Coney Iceland against his compatriot James J. Corbett , the world boxing championship in the heavyweight division .
- February 6th: The first European speed skating championship takes place on Lake Csoba (High Tatras).
- February 10: The 23-year-old Norwegian speed skater Peder Östlund sets five new world records in Davos within two days.
- January 28: In Leipzig , the German Football Association was founded.
- April 14th: The cycling federations of Belgium, France, Italy, Switzerland and the USA found the world association Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) in Paris .
- November 4th: The German Rugby Association is founded in Kassel .
Founding of clubs
- January 9th: The soccer club Lazio Rome is founded.
- February 27: Foundation of the soccer club FC Bayern Munich
- March 18th: Foundation of the football club Ajax Amsterdam
- May 4th: Foundation of the soccer club 1. FC Nürnberg
- June 2nd: Foundation of the soccer club 1. FC Kaiserslautern
- June 29th: Foundation of the football club VfB Bottrop
- August 1st: Foundation of the Borussia Mönchengladbach soccer club
- August 21: Foundation of the soccer club 1. FC Bocholt
- October 7th: Foundation of the Holstein Kiel football club
- November 15th: Street soccer players found the NEC Nijmegen football club in the Netherlands.
- December 16: Foundation of the Alemannia Aachen sports club
For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline under athletics .
Historical maps and views
Wien Westbahnhof, Neubaugürtel and Café Westend around 1900
Bremen around 1900, photography from Stadtwerder to the city center
- Xavier Cugat , Spanish-Cuban orchestra leader († 1990) January 1:
- Georg Oskar Schubert , German television technician († 1955) January 1:
- Gustav Fuchs , German politician († 1969) January 2:
- Itami Mansaku , Japanese director and screenwriter († 1946) January 2:
- Gerhard Aichinger , Austrian-German writer († 1978) January 4:
- William Joseph Elford , British chemist and microbiologist († 1952) January 4:
- Bedřich Fučík , Czech literary critic, editor and translator († 1984) January 4:
- Paula Ludwig , Austrian poet, painter and actress († 1974) January 5:
- Yves Tanguy , French surrealism painter († 1955) January 5:
- Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie , French politician, member of the Resistance († 1969) January 6:
- Aurelius Maria Arkenau , German Dominican priest († 1991) January 7th:
- Arvo Haavisto , Finnish wrestler († 1977) January 7th:
- Antonia Dietrich , German actress († 1975) January 8:
- François de Menthon , French Minister of Justice († 1984) January 8:
- Anton Schmid , German NCO of the Wehrmacht, Righteous Among the Nations († 1942) January 9th:
- Rudolf Hindemith , German composer and conductor († 1974) January 9:
- January 12: Herbert Albrecht , German politician of the NSDAP († 1945)
- January 12: Siegfried Schürenberg , German actor († 1993)
- January 15: Karlheinz Arens , German writer and dramaturge († 1959)
- January 15: Ella Auerbach , German lawyers († 1999)
- January 15: William Heinesen , Faroese poet († 1991)
- January 16: Juan López Sánchez , Spanish syndicalist and politician († 1972)
- January 17: Hayashi Fubō , Japanese writer († 1935)
- January 19: Heinrich Hohl , German politician († 1968)
- January 20: Boris Semjonowitsch Schechter , Russian composer († 1961)
- January 20: Franz Esser , German national soccer player († 1982)
- January 21: Eguchi Takaya , Japanese dancer († 1977)
- January 21: Bernhard Rensch , German evolutionary biologist († 1990)
- January 21: Werner Schwarz , German politician († 1982)
- January 22nd: Ernst Busch , German singer, cabaret artist, actor and director († 1980)
- January 22nd: Franz Salmhofer , Austrian composer († 1975)
- January 22: Juan Tizol , American jazz musician († 1984)
- January 23: David Hand , American animator, film director and film producer († 1986)
- January 23: Bruno Marek , Mayor of Vienna († 1991)
- January 24: Theodosius Dobzhansky , Russian-American biologist, geneticist († 1975)
- January 25: Ali Gholi Ardalan , Persian Ambassador and Foreign Minister († 1986)
- January 25: István Fekete , Hungarian writer († 1970)
- January 26: Andrew Auld , American football player († 1977)
- January 26: Yva , German photographer († 1942)
- January 26: Gerhart Ellert (pseudonym for Gertrud Schmirger) († 1975)
- January 26: Zdeněk Folprecht , Bohemian composer († 1961)
- January 27: Hyman Rickover , American four-star admiral († 1986)
- January 28: Anni Holdmann , German athlete and Olympic participant († 1960)
- January 28: Hermann Kesten , German writer († 1996)
- January 28: Alice Neel , American painter († 1984)
- January 30: Wilhelm Aschka , German politician († 1988)
- January 30th: Isaak Ossipowitsch Dunajewski , Ukrainian musician and composer († 1955)
- January 31: Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov , Bulgarian philosopher and educator († 1986)
- January 31: Lisa Korspeter , German politician († 1992)
- January 31: Betty Parsons , American artist and gallery owner († 1982)
- Albert Aschl , German archivist and local history researcher († 1982) February 1:
- Joe Carstairs , British entrepreneur, social figure and motorboat racer († 1993) February 1:
- Georg Köhler , German soccer player and coach († 1972) February 1:
- Joey Sternaman , American football player and coach († 1988) February 1:
- Li Stadelmann , German harpsichordist and pianist († 1993) February 2:
- Erhard König , German communist and official of the People's Police († 1966) February 3:
- Kurt Schneider , German marathon runner († 1988) February 3:
- Vincent R. Impellitteri , former Mayor of New York City († 1987) February 4:
- Rita Kurzmann-Leuchter , Austrian pianist and music teacher († 1942) February 4:
- Jacques Prévert , French author, poet and chansonnier († 1977) February 4:
- Adlai Ewing Stevenson junior , American politician († 1965) February 5:
- Karl Blessing , President of the Deutsche Bundesbank († 1971) February 5:
- Qian Xingcun , Chinese literary scholar († 1977) February 6:
- February 10: Hans Gustl Kernmayr , Austrian writer († 1977)
- February 11: Otto Aurich , Austrian-Dutch actor and theater director († 1961)
- February 11: Hans-Georg Gadamer , German philosopher († 2002)
- February 12: Pink Anderson , American blues musician († 1974)
- February 12: Rudolph Schmitt , German clarinetist († 1993)
- February 12: Vasily Ivanovich Tschuikow , Russian military and politician († 1982)
- February 14: August Rucker , German (Bavarian) town planner and politician († 1978)
- February 16: Garabed Amadouni , Turkish clergyman († 1984)
- February 16: Jack Cummings , American film producer († 1989)
- February 16: Nasrollah Entezam , Persian politician († 1980)
- February 16: Richard Langeheine , German politician († 1995)
- February 18: Juliette Pétrie , Canadian actress, comedian, singer and dancer († 1995)
- February 21: Erwin Albrecht , judge in the German Reich and Saarland politician († 1985)
- February 22nd: Luis Buñuel , Spanish director († 1983)
- February 22: Meridel Le Sueur , American writer and suffragette († 1996)
- February 25: Alois Hundhammer , Bavarian Minister and Deputy Prime Minister († 1974)
- February 26: Fritz Wiessner , German mountaineer († 1988)
- February 26: Jean Negulesco , Romanian director († 1993)
- February 27: Luís Americano , Brazilian clarinetist, saxophonist and composer († 1960)
- February 27: Niels Clemmensen , Danish pianist and composer († 1950)
- February 27: Valentin Tomberg , Russian legal scholar and mystic († 1973)
- February 28: Wolf Hirth , German engineer and glider pioneer († 1959)
- February 28: Ernst Göhner , Swiss building contractor and entrepreneur († 1971)
- Ursula Fesca , German ceramist († 1975) March 1:
- Matilde Muñoz Sampedro , Spanish actress († 1969) March 2:
- Bruno Heusinger , President of the Federal Court of Justice († 1987) March 2:
- Hasso von Etzdorf , German Consul General († 1989) March 2:
- Kurt Weill , German composer († 1950) March 2:
- Fritz Rotter , Austrian author and composer († 1984) March 3:
- Lilli Jahn , German doctor and letter author († 1944) March 5:
- Evald Aav , Estonian singer, composer and choir director († 1939) March 6:
- Fritz London , German-American physicist († 1954) March 7th:
- Herbert Blumer , American sociologist († 1987) March 7:
- Henry Abel Smith , British officer and Governor of Queensland († 1993) March 8:
- Howard Hathaway Aiken , American computer scientist († 1973) March 8:
- Ray Crist , American chemist, atomic chemist, environmental chemist († 2005) March 8:
- Otto Peltzer , German athlete and trainer († 1970) March 8:
- Aimone Duke of Spoleto , 4th Duke of Aosta and Duke of Spoleto († 1948) March 9th:
- March 10: Pierre Ailleret , French electrical engineer († 1996)
- March 10: Violet Brown , Jamaican age record holder († 2017)
- March 10: Erich Kästner , last surviving German veteran of the First World War († 2008)
- March 10: Clément Thibaudeau , French racing car driver († 1960)
- March 11: Richard Arthur Aster , German SA leader († 1945)
- March 11th: Laughing Charley Lincoln , American blues guitarist and singer († 1963)
- March 13: Heinrich Baaken , Auxiliary Bishop of the Diocese of Münster († 1976)
- March 13: Hans Bols , German politician († 1973)
- March 13: Giorgos Seferis , Greek writer and diplomat, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature 1963 († 1971)
- March 15: Gilberto Freyre , Brazilian sociologist and anthropologist († 1987)
- March 15: Charlotte Kramm , German actress († 1971)
- March 15: Colin McPhee , Canadian composer († 1964)
- March 15: Ernst Neufert , German architect, Bauhaus teacher, author of the "Bauentwurfslehre" († 1986)
- March 15: Wolfgang Schadewaldt , German Classical Philologist († 1974)
- March 15: Fritz Walter , German football official († 1981)
- March 16: Werner Eggerath , German politician († 1977)
- March 17: Alfred Newman , American film composer († 1970)
- March 17: Liliane Roehrs , German racing car driver and co-founder and president of the German Ladies Automobile Club († 1975)
- March 18: Alfred Poell , Austrian chamber singer (baritone) († 1968)
- March 18: Johannes Sobek , German football player († 1989)
- March 18: Josef Gockeln , German politician († 1958)
- March 19: Joseph John Annabring , Hungarian bishop († 1959)
- March 19: Frédéric Joliot-Curie , French physicist († 1958)
- March 23: José Antonio Calcaño , Venezuelan composer, music critic and diplomat († 1978)
- March 23: Hassan Fathy , Egyptian architect († 1989)
- March 23: Erich Fromm , German psychoanalyst, philosopher and social psychologist († 1980)
- March 23: Cobb Rooney , American football player († 1973)
- March 23: Werner Schütz , German politician and minister of education in North Rhine-Westphalia († 1975)
- March 24th: Hugo Kükelhaus , German writer, educator, philosopher and artist († 1984)
- March 25: Hans Luckey , German theologian and pastor, free church historian († 1976)
- March 25: Paul Ritterbusch , German lawyer and National Socialist († 1945)
- March 26: Angela Maria Autsch , German nun († 1944)
- March 26: Giovanni Urbani , Patriarch of Venice and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1969)
- March 26: Hans Goudefroy , German lawyer, CEO of Allianz AG († 1961)
- March 26: Isadore Freed , American composer († 1960)
- March 27: Albert Van Coile , Belgian football player († 1927)
- March 28: Ernst Brüche , German physicist and pioneer of electron optics († 1985)
- March 28: Alfred Jepsen , German Lutheran theologian and historian of religion († 1979)
- March 29: Edmund Aigner , Austrian politician († 1968)
- March 29: Bill Aston , British racing driver († 1974)
- March 29: Otto Kaufmann , German homeland researcher († 1985)
- March 29: Roman Lampl , German politician († 1965)
- March 30th: Rudolf Sang , German actor, director and theater manager († 1972)
- March 30: Santos Urdinarán , Uruguayan football player († 1979)
- March 31: Bernhard Bauknecht , German politician and peasant functionary († 1985)
- March 31: Henry Wilhelm, Duke of Gloucester , British Prince and Governor General of Australia († 1974)
- William Burnett Benton , American politician († 1973) April 1:
- Roberto Arlt , Argentine storyteller, playwright and journalist († 1942) April 2:
- Edward Caton , American dancer, ballet teacher and choreographer († 1981) April 3:
- Franz Carl Weiskopf , German writer († 1955) April 3:
- Waldemar Klingelhöfer , German war criminal († approx. 1980) April 4:
- Maria Elisabeth Ammann , German welfare worker († 1972) April 5:
- Herbert Bayer , Austrian graphic designer, typographer, painter and photographer († 1985) April 5:
- Jorge González von Marées , Chilean politician († 1962) April 5:
- Spencer Tracy , American actor († 1967) April 5:
- Helene Elisabeth Princess von Isenburg , 1st President of the Association of Silent Help for Prisoners of War and Internees († 1974) April 6th:
- Adolf Rosenberger , German racing car driver and businessman († 1967) April 8:
- Richard Sahla , German show jumper († 1942) April 8:
- April 10: Rudolf Adolph , German writer († 1984)
- April 10: Ernst Fischer , German composer († 1975)
- April 11: Sándor Márai , Hungarian writer († 1989)
- April 12: Joe Lapchick , American basketball player and coach († 1970)
- April 15: Zygmunt Modzelewski , Polish politician and economist († 1954)
- April 15: Wilhelm Wagenfeld , German consumer designer († 1990)
- April 16: Polly Adler , American brothel operator († 1962)
- April 16: Paul Weyres , German motorcycle racer († 1984)
- April 17: Gebhard Müller , Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg († 1990)
- April 19: Richard Hughes , British writer († 1976)
- April 20: Georges Kling , French racing car driver († 1962)
- April 20: John Jahr senior , German publisher († 1991)
- April 20: Reginald Stewart , Canadian conductor, pianist and music teacher († 1984)
- April 21: Hans Fritzsche , functionary in the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda († 1953)
- April 22nd: Peter von Agris , German entrepreneur, local politician and honorary district administrator († 1953)
- April 23: Henry Barraud , French composer († 1997)
- April 24: Elizabeth Goudge , English writer († 1984)
- April 24th: Franz Stein , Lord Mayor of Mainz († 1967)
- April 24: Leon Klepper , Romanian composer († 1991)
- April 25: Gladwyn Jebb , British politician, 1st Secretary General of the United Nations († 1996)
- April 25: Wolfgang Pauli , physicist, Nobel Prize winner († 1958)
- April 26: Richard Imbt , German politician († 1987)
- April 26: Ernst Kris , Austrian-American art historian and psychoanalyst († 1957)
- April 26: Charles Francis Richter , American seismologist († 1985)
- April 26: Paul Sornik , German politician († 1982)
- April 28: Bruno Apitz , German writer († 1979)
- April 28: Germaine Cernay , French mezzo-soprano († 1943)
- April 28: Jan Hendrik Oort , Dutch astronomer († 1992)
- April 28: Maurice Thorez , French politician († 1964)
- April 29: Otto Jaag , Swiss hydrobiologist († 1978)
- April 30: Carl Hinrichs , German archivist and historian († 1962)
- Robert Lord , American screenwriter and film producer († 1976) May 1:
- Ignazio Silone , Italian writer († 1978) May 1:
- Klaus Uebe , German major general († 1968) May 1:
- Ellen Daub , German actress († 1965) May 2:
- Hans Mahlau , German actor and radio play speaker († unknown) May 3:
- Antun Augustinčić , Yugoslav sculptor († 1979) May 4:
- Leon Abbey , American jazz violinist and band leader († 1975) May 7:
- Zheng Ji , Chinese biochemist and nutritionist († 2010) May 6:
- Theodor Zeller , German painter and graphic artist († 1986) May 9:
- May 10: Ernst Ising , German mathematician and physicist († 1998)
- May 10: Adolf Jobst , Austrian restorer and painter († 1974)
- May 10: Karl Ernst Krafft , Swiss statistician, characterologist and economic consultant († 1945)
- May 11: Norris Cotton , American politician († 1989)
- May 11: Elinor Hubert , German politician († 1973)
- May 11: Pridi Phanomyong , Thai Prime Minister († 1983)
- May 12: Karl von Appen , German set designer († 1981)
- May 12: Helene Weigel , German actress († 1971)
- May 13: Hans Reinerth , German archaeologist († 1990)
- May 13: Karl Wolff , Head of the Personal Staff Reichsführer SS († 1984)
- May 14: Hal Borland , American writer († 1978)
- May 14: Leo Smit , Dutch composer and pianist († 1943)
- May 14: Edgar Wind , German art historian († 1971)
- May 15: Isidro Benítez , Cuban musician, conductor and composer († 1985)
- May 16: Dinah Nelken , German writer and screenwriter († 1989)
- May 17: Nikolai Berezowski , Russian composer and violinist († 1953)
- May 20: Erika Cremer , German physicist († 1996)
- May 20: Karl Eschenburg , German photographer († 1947)
- May 20: Hans Sprung , German motorcycle racer († 1982)
- May 21: Josef Ausweger , Austrian politician († 1978)
- May 22: Juan Arvizu , Mexican singer († 1985)
- May 23: Hans Frank , National Socialist German politician and doctor of law († 1946)
- May 25: Angel D'Agostino , Argentine tango musician († 1991)
- May 25: Alain Grandbois , Canadian poet, novelist and essayist († 1975)
- May 26: Vítězslav Nezval , Czech poet, writer and translator († 1958)
- May 28: Clarence John Abel , American ice hockey player († 1964)
- May 28: Tommy Ladnier , American musician, trumpeter († 1939)
- May 28: Heinrich Müller , Head of Office IV in the RSHA during the Third Reich (lost)
- May 28: Maria Müller-Gögler , German writer († 1987)
- Adelaide Ames , American astronomer († 1932) June 3:
- Kitagawa Fuyuhiko , Japanese poet and theater critic († 1990) June 3:
- Friedrich von Ledebur , Austrian film actor († 1986) June 3:
- Konstantin Andreevich Vershinin , Soviet pilot and colonel general. († 1973) June 3:
- Dennis Gábor , Hungarian engineer († 1979) June 5:
- Robert J. Havighurst , American educationalist and sociologist († 1991) June 5:
- Arthur Bowden Askey , British comedian and actor († 1982) June 6:
- Werner Krauss , German Romanist († 1976) June 7th:
- Frederick Terman , American electrical engineer and "father of Silicon Valley" († 1982) June 7th:
- Wilhelm Gutmann , German politician († 1976) June 9:
- June 12: Friedrich Becker , German astronomer († 1985)
- June 13: Měrćin Nowak-Njechorński , Sorbian painter, publicist and writer († 1990)
- June 15: Gotthard Günther , German philosopher († 1984)
- June 15: Otto Luening , American composer († 1996)
- June 17th: Marcel Ballot , French racing car driver († 1935)
- June 17: Hermann Reutter , German composer and musician († 1985)
- June 17: Hubert Jedin , German church historian († 1980)
- June 17: Martin Bormann , head of the party chancellery of the NSDAP († 1945)
- June 19: Hermann Ferdinand Schell , Swiss writer († 1972)
- June 20: Hans Walter Aust , German journalist († 1983)
- June 21: Walther Ascher , German lawyer († 1980)
- June 22nd: Oskar Fischinger , German filmmaker, pioneer of abstract film († 1967)
- June 24: Gene Austin , American singer and songwriter († 1972)
- June 24: Raphael Lemkin , Polish lawyer and peace researcher († 1959)
- June 24: Wilhelm Cauer , German mathematician († 1945)
- June 25: Marta Abba , Italian actress († 1988)
- June 25: Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma , British admiral and statesman († 1979)
- June 27: Albert Jütz , Swiss folk musician († 1925)
- June 28: Heinrich Busch , German pianist and composer († 1929)
- June 28: Asa Martin , American old-time musician († 1979)
- June 29: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry , French writer and aviator († 1944)
- June 29: Friedrich Wührer , German-Austrian pianist († 1975)
- June 29: Richard Oelze , German surrealist painter († 1980)
- July 1: Marcus Adeney , Canadian cellist, composer, music teacher and writer († 1998)
- Kurt Fischer , German politician († 1950) July 1:
- Fritz Neumeyer , German harpsichordist, pianist, musicologist and composer († 1983) July 2:
- Muhammad Asad , Islamic scholar († 1992) July 2:
- Alfred Rust , German archaeologist († 1983) July 4:
- Robert Desnos , French poet, writer and journalist († 1945) July 4th:
- Walther Kiaulehn , German journalist and writer († 1968) July 4th:
- Bernard Jan Alfrink , Archbishop emeritus of Utrecht and Cardinal († 1987) July 5:
- Elfriede Senden , German middle-distance runner († 1941) July 6th:
- Frederica Sagor Maas , American screenwriter († 2012) July 6:
- Conrad Fink , German politician († 1981) July 7th:
- George Antheil , American pianist, composer, inventor († 1959) July 8:
- Ida Ehre , Austrian-German actress and theater director († 1989) July 9:
- Hermann Freytag , German politician († 1962) July 9:
- July 12: Zenón Noriega Agüero , president of a Peruvian military junta 1950 († 1957)
- July 12: Amadeo Roldán , Cuban composer and conductor († 1939)
- July 13: Simon Janaschia , Georgian historian († 1947)
- July 14: Richard Rudolf Walzer , German-British classical philologist, philosopher and orientalist († 1975)
- July 16: Karl Roth , German medalist, painter and sculptor († 1967)
- July 16: Robert Stamm , German politician and victim of the Nazi regime († 1937)
- July 18: Georg Bergler , German professor of business administration († 1972)
- July 18: Herbert Hennies , German actor, radio play speaker, writer and songwriter († 1979)
- July 18: Nathalie Sarraute , Russian-French lawyer and writer († 1999)
- July 19: Arno Breker , German sculptor († 1991)
- July 20: Friedrich Holzapfel , German politician († 1969)
- July 22nd: Ernst Gnoss , German politician († 1949)
- July 22: Zdeněk Kalista , Czech historian, poet, literary critic, editor and translator († 1982)
- July 23: Hans Thimig , Austrian actor and director († 1991)
- July 25: Enrique Amorim , Uruguayan writer († 1960)
- July 25: Ishizaka Yōjirō , Japanese writer († 1986)
- July 25: Arthur B. Langlie , American politician († 1966)
- July 26: Karl Berbuer , German composer and pop singer († 1977)
- July 26: Gustav Hilbert , German painter, graphic artist and metal and enamel artist († 1981)
- July 27: Ernst Fritz Fürbringer , German actor, film actor and voice actor († 1988)
- July 27th: Ralph Roese , German motorcycle and automobile racing driver († 1950)
- July 27: Hans Haug , Swiss composer († 1967)
- July 27: Charles Vidor , American director († 1959)
- July 28: Hanns Otto Münsterer , German physician, writer and folklorist († 1974)
- July 29: Eyvind Johnson , Swedish writer and Nobel Prize winner from 1974 († 1976)
- July 29th: Hermann Esser , NSDAP functionary († 1981)
- Karl Mark , Austrian politician and member of the National Council († 1991) August 1:
- Gustav Simon , head of civil administration in occupied Luxembourg († 1945) August 2:
- Heinrich Schönfeld , Austrian football player († 1976) August 3:
- Duy Tân , eleventh emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn dynasty († 1945) August 3:
- John Thomas Scopes , American teacher († 1970) August 3:
- Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon , Queen Mum, mother of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain († 2002) August 4th:
- Tajima Nabi , Japanese age record holder († 2018) August 4:
- Frank Luther , American country musician († 1980) August 5:
- Willie Brown , American blues musician († 1952) August 6:
- Lucky Millinder , American R&B and swing musician († 1966) August 8:
- Robert Siodmak , German film director († 1973) August 8:
- Victor Young , American composer, violinist and conductor († 1956) August 8:
- August 10: Hans Otto , German theater actor († 1933)
- August 10: Jean Mantelet , French entrepreneur († 1991)
- August 10: René Crevel , French writer († 1935)
- August 11: Georges Limbour , French writer († 1970)
- August 11: Alexander Wassiljewitsch Mossolow , Russian composer († 1973)
- August 11: Charles Paddock , American athlete and Olympic champion († 1943)
- August 13: Hector Gratton , Canadian composer, arranger, conductor and music teacher († 1970)
- August 14: Emmerich Arleth , Austrian actor and singer († 1965)
- August 14: Margret Boveri , German journalist († 1975)
- August 14: Wilhelm Schütte , German architect († 1968)
- August 15: Basile Khoury , Lebanese Archbishop († 1985)
- August 18: Heinrich Germer , SED politician and city councilor for popular education and culture in Magdeburg († 1952)
- August 18: Imre Reiner , Hungarian painter, graphic artist and typographer († 1987)
- August 18: Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit , Indian politician and UN diplomat († 1990)
- August 20: Manfred Roeder , Nazi lawyer († 1971)
- August 20: Rita Montaner , Cuban singer and actress († 1958)
- August 21: Hans Stübner , German painter and visual artist († 1973)
- August 22nd: Váša Příhoda , Czech violinist († 1960)
- August 22: Albert Schneider , German motorcycle racer († 1936)
- August 23: Frances Marr Adaskin , Canadian pianist († 2001)
- August 23: Eduard Rhein , German inventor, publicist and writer († 1993)
- August 23: Ernst Krenek , Austrian composer († 1991)
- August 23: Miyoshi Tatsuji , Japanese poet, translator and essayist († 1964)
- August 24: Josef Felder , German politician († 2000)
- August 24: Leonardo Conti , Reich Health Leader during the Third Reich († 1945)
- August 25: Frederick Newton Arvin Jr. , American literary scholar († 1963)
- August 25: Carl Auböck senior , Austrian painter and designer († 1957)
- August 25: Hans Adolf Krebs , German-British physician and biochemist († 1981)
- August 26: Hellmuth Walter , German technician, entrepreneur († 1980)
- August 27: René Delacroix , French film director († 1976)
- August 27: Elisabeth Jaspersen , German portrait and landscape painter († 1994)
- August 27: Hermann von Valta , German bobsleigh driver († 1968)
- Richard Arlen , American actor († 1976) September 1:
- André Dhôtel , French writer († 1991) September 1:
- Andor Mészáros , Hungarian-Australian architect, sculptor and medalist († 1972) September 1:
- Kazimierz Wiłkomirski , Polish composer, conductor, cellist and music teacher († 1995) September 1:
- Georg Diederichs , German politician († 1983) September 2:
- Wilhelm Strienz , German singer († 1987) September 2:
- Eduard van Beinum , Dutch conductor († 1959) September 3:
- Margot Büttner German conservationist († 1987) September 3:
- Urho Kekkonen , Finnish President († 1986) September 3:
- WAC Bennett , Canadian politician († 1979) September 6:
- Julien Green , French writer († 1998) September 6:
- Taylor Caldwell , English writer († 1985) September 7:
- Hans Kehrl , German entrepreneur († 1984) September 8:
- Claude Pepper , American politician († 1989) September 8:
- Thomas Liessem , Cologne carnivalist and carnival organizer († 1973) September 9th:
- James Hilton , English writer († 1954) September 9:
- September 10: Georg C. Klaren , Austrian director and screenwriter († 1962)
- September 11: Semyon Alexejewitsch Lavochkin , Soviet aircraft designer († 1960)
- September 12: Haskell Brooks Curry , American logician († 1982)
- September 12: Texas Alexander , American blues singer († 1954)
- September 14: Robert Florey , French-American director, writer and actor († 1979)
- September 15: Karl Julius Anselmino , German gynecologist and obstetrician († 1978)
- September 17: Wilhelm Maria Ernst Hans Eugen Leo von Aulock , German ministerial official († 1993)
- September 18: Hermann Böhrnsen , German politician († 1976)
- September 18: Mahmud Fauzi , Egyptian politician and Prime Minister († 1981)
- September 18: Carlo Maria Pintacuda , Italian racing driver († 1971)
- September 18: Walther Wenck , Commander in Chief of the 12th Army in World War II († 1982)
- September 19: Charles L. Terry , American politician († 1970)
- September 20: Jiří Baum , Czech writer, traveler, author of young books, scientist († 1944)
- September 20: Joachim Jeremias , German theologian and orientalist († 1979)
- September 20: Nikolai Wladimirowitsch Timofejew-Ressowski , Russian geneticist († 1981)
- September 22: Michelangelo Abbado , Italian violinist, conductor and music teacher († 1979)
- September 22: Paul Hugh Emmett , American physical chemist († 1985)
- September 25: Fritz Kolbe , German spy and resistance fighter († 1971)
- September 26: Gertrud Luckner , German resistance fighter and pacifist († 1995)
- September 27: Julio Alberto Hernández , Dominican composer and pianist († 1999)
- September 28: Albert Beier , German football player († 1972)
- September 28: Otto Braun , German writer and KPD functionary († 1974)
- September 28: Boris Efimowitsch Efimov , Russian artist and cartoonist († 2008)
- September 28: Max Strub , German violin virtuoso and violin teacher († 1966)
- September 29: Miguel Alemán Valdés , President of Mexico († 1983)
- September 29: Karl Fitzkow , German writer, monument conservationist and local researcher († 1970)
- September 29: Arthur Hoffmann , German resistance fighter in World War II († 1945)
- September 29: Alfred Pongratz , German actor and speaker († 1977)
- September 30: Pedro Arispe , Uruguayan football player († 1960)
- September 30th: Joaquín Pardavé , Mexican actor, director, screenwriter and composer († 1955)
- Leonard W. Hall , American politician († 1979) October 2:
- Friedrich Funk , German politician († 1963) October 3:
- Johanna Haarer , Nazi educational ideologist († 1988) October 3:
- Hans Nieland , Lord Mayor of the City of Dresden (1940–1945) († 1976) October 3:
- Thomas Wolfe , American novelist († 1938) October 3:
- Nakayama Gishū , Japanese writer († 1969) October 5:
- Adolf Rambold , German engineer († 1996) October 5:
- Otto Reindl , German politician († 1994) October 5:
- Willy Merkl , German mountaineer († 1934) October 6:
- Heinrich Himmler , German politician († 1945) October 7:
- Alastair Sim , British actor († 1976) October 9:
- Elmer Snowden , American banjo player, band leader and music entrepreneur († 1973) October 9:
- October 10: Helen Hayes , American actress († 1993)
- October 10: Karl Kaufmann , Nazi Gauleiter in Hamburg († 1969)
- October 10: Walter Stahlecker , SS Brigade Leader and Major General of the Police († 1942)
- October 10: Zeno Vancea , Romanian composer and musicologist († 1990)
- October 12: Júlio Botelho Moniz , Portuguese general († 1970)
- October 13: Athuel Velázquez , Uruguayan football coach (†?)
- October 14: William Edwards Deming , American physicist, statistician and economic pioneer († 1993)
- October 14: Günther Graßmann , German painter and graphic artist († 1993)
- October 15: Fritz Feld , German-American actor († 1993)
- October 15: Mervyn LeRoy , American film director and film producer († 1987)
- October 15: Clarence I. Lubin , American mathematician († 1989)
- October 16: Eileen Law , Canadian singer and music teacher († 1978)
- October 17: Jean Arthur , American actress († 1991)
- October 17: Teodoro Valcárcel , Peruvian composer († 1942)
- October 18: Walther Hasemann , German politician († 1976)
- October 18: Kurt Schlosser , German communist († 1944)
- October 19: Erna Berger , German soprano († 1990)
- October 20: Shirō Akabori , Japanese chemist and university professor († 1992)
- October 20: Georg Pahl , German press photographer († 1963)
- October 21: Werner Fischel , German behavioral scientist, academic representative of ethology († 1977)
- October 21: Srinagarindra , mother of the Thai King Rama IX. († 1995)
- October 22: Edward Stettinius Jr. , US Secretary of State († 1949)
- October 22: Karl Walz , German politician († 1990)
- October 22: Paul Wittmann , Romanian-German church musician and composer († 1985)
- October 23: Valerian Gracias , Archbishop of Bombay and Cardinal († 1978)
- October 24: Curt Frenzel , German publisher († 1970)
- October 24: Paul Brosselin , French racing car driver († 1978)
- October 24: Karl Ottó Runólfsson , Icelandic composer († 1970)
- October 25: Hans Klotz , German church musician and organologist († 1987)
- October 25: Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti , Nigerian politician and feminist († 1978)
- October 26: Ibrahim Abbud , Sudanese President († 1983)
- October 26: Karin Boye , Swedish writer († 1941)
- October 27: Franziskus Demann , Bishop of Osnabrück († 1957)
- October 29: Henri Meylan , Swiss Protestant theologian and university professor († 1978)
- October 29: Hellmuth Will , German administrative lawyer in financial management († 1982)
- October 30: Ragnar Granit , Finnish-Swedish neurophysiologist and Nobel Prize winner († 1991)
- October 31: Cal Hubbard , American football player, coach, and baseball official († 1977)
- October: Michel Hirvy , Canadian pianist and music teacher († 1966)
- Carola Neher , German actress († 1942) November 2:
- Adolf Dassler , German entrepreneur and founder of adidas († 1978) November 3:
- Kurt Mothes , German botanist († 1983) November 3:
- Leo Löwenthal , German literary sociologist († 1993) November 3:
- Werner Borchardt , German physiologist and climatologist († 1930) November 4:
- Isabelle Delorme , Canadian music teacher and composer († 1991) November 4:
- Charlotte Birnbaum , German translator and writer († 1981) November 5:
- Martin Dies junior , American politician († 1972) November 5:
- Deane C. Davis , American politician († 1990) November 7:
- Otto Auerswald , German resistance fighter († 1962) November 8:
- Margaret Mitchell , American journalist and writer († 1949) November 8:
- Franz-Josef Wuermeling , German politician († 1986) November 8:
- Zita Zehner , German politician († 1978) November 8:
- Bljuma Zeigarnik , Soviet Gestalt psychologist († 1988) November 9:
- Oskar Loorits , Estonian folklorist and religious scholar († 1961) November 9:
- John M. Dalton , American politician († 1972) November 9:
- November 10: Rudolf Vogel , German actor († 1967)
- November 11th: Halina Konopacka , Polish athlete († 1989)
- November 11: Karl Ledersteger , Austrian geodesist († 1972)
- November 11: Hugh Scott , American politician († 1994)
- November 12: Emanuel Ringelblum , Polish-Jewish historian, politician, educator and publicist († 1944)
- November 13: Eleonore Astfalck , German curative and social pedagogue († 1991)
- November 14: Aaron Copland , American composer († 1990)
- November 16: Eliška Junková , Czechoslovak car racing driver († 1994)
- November 18: Don Hartman , American composer, film director, film producer and screenwriter († 1958)
- November 18: George Bogdan Kistiakowsky , Ukrainian-American chemist († 1982)
- November 18: Wanda Wermińska , Polish opera singer († 1988)
- November 19: Anna Seghers , German writer († 1983)
- November 19: Bunny Ahearne , Irish sports official, President of the IIHF († 1985)
- November 19: Mikhail Lavrentiev , Russian mathematician and physicist († 1980)
- November 20: Jean d'Aulan , French bobsleigh driver, aviator and automobile racing driver († 1944)
- November 20: Billy Burch , American ice hockey player († 1950)
- November 20: Theodore McKeldin , American politician († 1974)
- November 20: Vincentius Eugenio Bossilkoff , Blessed, Bulgarian bishop († 1952)
- November 21: Humbert Achamer-Pifrader , Head of Division IV B in the RSHA, mass murderer († 1945)
- November 24th: Stepan Njaga , Moldovan composer († 1951)
- November 24th: Kurt Richter , German chess player († 1969)
- November 27: Léon Barzin , American conductor († 1999)
- November 27: Erwin Schulz , leader of the Einsatzkommando 5 in Ukraine, group leader IB in the RSHA, mass murderer († 1981)
- November 27: Kuno Kamphausen , German architect and construction officer († 1934)
- November 27: Robert Blum , Swiss composer and professor († 1994)
- November 27: Hans Uhlmann , German draftsman and sculptor († 1975)
- November 29: Mildred Gillars , American radio presenter († 1988)
- November 29: Rudolf Agricola , German economist and journalist († 1985)
- November 30th: Geoffrey Household , British author († 1988)
- Ulrich Inderbinen , Swiss mountain guide († 2004) December 3:
- Richard Kuhn , Austro-German chemist († 1967) December 3:
- Rudolf Appelt , Czechoslovak politician († 1955) December 5:
- Everhard Bungartz , German entrepreneur and politician († 1984) December 5:
- Pat Driscoll , British racing driver († 1983 ) December 5:
- Germán Arciniegas , Colombian writer († 1999) December 6:
- Agnes Moorehead , American actress († 1974) December 6th:
- George Eugene Uhlenbeck , American physicist († 1988) December 6:
- Christian Matras , Faroese linguist and poet († 1988) December 7th:
- Irene Lentz , American costume designer ( Irene ) († 1962) December 8:
- Joseph Needham , British sinologist and biochemist († 1995) December 9:
- December 11th: Andreas Alariesto , Finnish painter († 1989)
- December 11: Gerd Arntz , German artist and graphic designer († 1988)
- December 12: Nikolai Sergejewitsch Akulow , Russian physicist († 1976)
- December 12: Arthur Carron , English opera tenor († 1967)
- December 12th: Sammy Davis Sr. , American singer († 1988)
- December 13: Albrecht Appelhans , German painter, graphic artist and illustrator († 1975)
- December 13: Karel Teige , Czech artist, art theorist, critic, publicist and translator († 1951)
- December 14: Juan D'Arienzo , Argentine tango musician († 1976)
- December 14: Benji Asada , Japanese painter and woodcut artist († 1984)
- December 14: Bojan Ikonomow , Bulgarian composer († 1973)
- December 14: Erich Schneider , German economic theorist († 1970)
- December 15: Arnold Pauli , Swiss singer, choir director and composer († 1977)
- December 15: Otto Schmirgal , German politician and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime († 1944)
- December 16: Eckart Peterich , German writer († 1968)
- December 16: Rudolf Diels , head of the Gestapo († 1957)
- December 17: George Lambert , Canadian singer and music teacher († 1971)
- December 17th: Luis Martínez Serrano , Mexican pianist, composer and conductor of Spanish origin († 1970)
- December 19: Géza von Cziffra , German director and screenwriter († 1989)
- December 19: Johannes Kirschweng , German Catholic priest and writer († 1951)
- December 20: Lissy Arna , German actress († 1964)
- December 20: Ted Fiorito , American jazz musician († 1971)
- December 21: Immanuel Baumann , Bessarabian German clergyman († 1974)
- December 21: Marinus van der Goes van Naters , Dutch politician († 2005)
- December 21: Oda Schaefer , German writer († 1988)
- December 22: John C. Slater , American physicist and theoretical chemist († 1976)
- December 22nd: Marc Allégret , French director († 1973)
- December 23: Ignacio Aguirre , Mexican artist and graphic designer († 1990)
- December 23: Arnold Bode , German painter, founder of documenta († 1977)
- December 23: Noel Purcell , Irish actor and comedian († 1985)
- December 24th: Ion Valentin Anestin , Romanian caricaturist, painter, sculptor, journalist and playwright († 1963)
- December 24: Joey Smallwood , Canadian politician († 1991)
- December 25: Antoni Zygmund , American mathematician († 1992)
- December 25th: Jan Filip , Czech prehistorian († 1981)
- December 26: Lucien Gagnier , Canadian flautist († 1956)
- December 26: Inagaki Taruho , Japanese writer († 1977)
- December 27th: Hans Stuck , German-Austrian racing driver († 1978)
- December 28: Kurt Lück , German folklorist and minority activist in Poland († 1942)
- December 28: Natalio Perinetti , Argentinian football player († 1985)
- December 28: Kubo Sakae , Japanese playwright († 1958)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Jan Anderle , Czech test pilot († 1982)
- Boyd Atkins , American jazz and blues musician († 1965)
- Antonin Fontaine , French racing car driver († 1979)
- René Guillot , French writer for young people († 1969)
- Paul Köppen , German motorcycle and automobile racing driver and engine designer († 1958)
- Otto Löhr , German racing driver († 1989)
- Dmitri Grigorowitsch , Russian writer (* 1822) January 3:
- January 11th: James Martineau , British theologian and philosopher (* 1805)
- January 11th: Carl Eduard Schubert , German organ builder (* 1830)
- January 13: Peter Waage , Norwegian chemist (* 1833)
- January 15: Heinrich von Rustige , German painter (* 1810)
- January 19: Heinrich Ancker , German politician and entrepreneur (* 1850)
- January 20: John Ruskin , British writer and art critic (* 1819)
- January 22nd: Carl Ausfeld , German judge and politician (* 1814)
- January 22nd: John P. Stockton , American politician (* 1826)
- January 22nd: David Edward Hughes , British-American designer (* 1831)
- January 24th: Isacco Artom , Italian politician and diplomat (* 1829)
- January 28: Ludwig Bussler , German musicologist (* 1838)
- January 30th: Vittorio Bersezio , Italian writer and journalist (* 1828)
- January 31: John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry , Scottish nobleman and opponent in court Oscar Wildes (* 1844)
- Bernard Altum , German zoologist, ornithologist and forest scientist (* 1824) February 1:
- William Goebel , American politician (* 1856) February 3:
- David M. Key , American politician (* 1824) February 3:
- Ottokar Nováček , Czech composer (* 1866) February 3:
- Thomas Grainger Stewart , British pathologist (* 1837) February 3:
- Franz Wilhelm Sonreck , German organ builder (* 1822) February 7th:
- Richard W. Thompson , American politician (* 1809) February 9:
- February 11: Charles Émile Blanchard , French zoologist and entomologist (* 1819)
- February 14: Ernst Ludwig Herrfurth , Prussian statesman (* 1830)
- February 18: Eugenio Beltrami , Italian mathematician (* 1835)
- February 22nd: Ernst Christian Carl Kruse , German doctor and politician (* 1837)
- February 23: Léon Nagant , Belgian weapons designer and manufacturer (* 1833)
- February 26: Leopold Grützmacher , German cellist and composer (* 1835)
- February 28: Georg Christian Wilhelm Meyer , German legal scholar and politician (* 1841)
- António de Serpa Pimentel , Portuguese politician (* 1825) March 2:
- Franz Heinrich Reusch , German Catholic theologian (* 1825) March 3:
- Ludwig Purtscheller , Austrian mountaineer, teacher (* 1849) March 3:
- Carl Bechstein , German piano maker (* 1826) March 6th:
- Gottlieb Daimler , German engineer and inventor (* 1834) March 6:
- March 10: Karl Doppler , German composer (* 1825)
- March 10: Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann , Danish composer (* 1805)
- March 13: Jan Ondříček , Czech conductor, violinist and music teacher (* 1832)
- March 15: Elwin Bruno Christoffel , German mathematician (* 1829)
- March 18: Friedrich Ernst Aub , German medic and politician (* 1837)
- March 19: Charles-Louis Hanon , French pianist and composer (* 1819)
- March 26: Heinrich Theodor Flathe , German historian (* 1827)
- March 26: Isaac Mayer Wise , American rabbi (* 1819)
- March 28: Count Vincent Benedetti , French diplomat (* 1817)
- March 28: Petrus Jacobus Joubert , General Commander of the South African Republic (* 1834)
- March 29th: August Ritter von Ganghofer , German forest official (* 1827)
- March 29: Philetus Sawyer , American politician (* 1816)
- March 31: Charles Hopper Gibson , American politician (* 1842)
- Hermann Böhlau , German publisher and bookseller (* 1826) April 1:
- Johan Gustaf Nils Samuel Åkerhielm af Margaretelund , Swedish politician (* 1833) April 2:
- Joseph Bertrand , French mathematician (* 1822) April 5:
- Frederic Edwin Church , American landscape painter (* 1826) April 7:
- April 11: Seth Maxwell Barton , Brigadier General of the Confederate Army in the Civil War (* 1829)
- April 16: Dankmar Adler , American architect (* 1844)
- April 18: Rudolf Charousek , Hungarian chess master (* 1873)
- April 20: Johan Fredrik Åbom , Swedish architect (* 1817)
- April 28: Izrael Poznański , Polish philanthropist, businessman and manufacturer (* 1833)
- April 30: Casey Jones , American train driver (* 1863)
- Lars Oftedal , Norwegian pastor, editor and politician (* 1838) May 2:
- Waitman T. Willey , American politician (* 1811) May 2:
- Ivan Aivazovsky , Russian marine painter (* 1817) May 2:
- Adolf Claus , German chemist (* 1838) May 4th:
- William Crowninshield Endicott , American politician (* 1826) May 6:
- Ernst Heinrich Lindemann , German politician (* 1833) May 8:
- May 13: Bou Ahmed , Grand Vizier and Regent in Morocco (* around 1840)
- May 17th: Hermann Howaldt , German engineer (* 1852)
- May 20: André Léo , French writer and journalist (* 1824)
- May 22: Nathaniel P. Hill , American politician (* 1832)
- May 28: Louis Deffès , French composer and music teacher (* 1819)
- Mary Kingsley , English ethnologist and travel writer (* 1862) June 3:
- Stephen Crane , American writer (* 1871) June 5:
- Henry Wellesley , British officer, third Duke of Wellington (* 1846) June 8:
- Georg Rudolf Zimmermann , Swiss Protestant clergyman and local researcher (* 1825) June 8:
- June 11th: Belle Boyd , spy in the American Civil War (* 1844)
- June 12th: Jean Frédéric Frenet , French mathematician, astronomer and meteorologist (* 1816)
- June 13: Claudius Blanc , French composer (* 1854)
- June 16: François d'Orléans, prince de Joinville , French admiral (* 1818)
- June 17th: Theodor Schüz , German painter (* 1830)
- June 20: Johan Wolter Arnberg , Swedish economist and bank director (* 1832)
- June 21: Polibio Fumagalli , Italian organist, composer and music teacher (* 1830)
- June 24th: Rudolph Sack , German mechanical engineering entrepreneur (* 1824)
- June 25: Ludwig Abel , German Semitist (* 1863)
- June 27th: Mary Krebs-Brenning , German pianist (* 1851)
- Adalbert Falk , Prussian Minister of Culture (* 1827) July 7th:
- July 14th: John H. Gear , American politician (* 1825)
- July 22nd: Henry G. Blasdel , American politician (* 1825)
- July 22: Robert Pleasant Trippe , American politician (* 1819)
- July 25: Rafael Jácome Lopes de Andrade , Portuguese officer and colonial administrator (* 1851)
- July 27: Adolf Foglár , Austrian lawyer and writer (* 1822)
- July 28th: Kham Souk , ruler of the Laotian Empire Champasak (* 1838)
- July 29: Sigbjørn Obstfelder , Norwegian writer (* 1866)
- July 29th: Umberto I , King of Italy (* 1844)
- July 30th: Alfred von Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (* 1844)
- Jacob Dolson Cox , American politician (* 1828) August 4:
- Étienne Lenoir , French inventor and businessman (* 1822) August 4th:
- Luke Pryor , American politician (* 1820) August 5:
- Wilhelm Liebknecht , German politician, MdR (* 1826) August 7th:
- Ahmed Cevad Pasha , general of the Ottoman army and statesman (* 1851) August 9:
- August 12th: Wilhelm Steinitz , Bohemian chess player, first official world chess champion (* 1836)
- August 15: John Anderson , Scottish zoologist (* 1833)
- August 16: José Maria Eça de Queiroz , Portuguese writer (* 1845)
- August 16: John James Ingalls , American politician (* 1833)
- August 18: Albert Samain , French poet (* 1858)
- August 19: Jean Baptiste Accolay , Belgian composer, violinist, violin teacher and conductor (* 1833)
- August 25: Friedrich Nietzsche , German philosopher (* 1844)
- August 26: John Miller Adye , British general (* 1819)
- August 26: Conrad Paul Wusching , Romanian-German composer, church musician and choir director (* 1827)
- August 29: Ernest Combe , French-Swiss clergyman and university professor (* 1846)
- August 31: John Bennet Lawes , British agricultural chemist (* 1814)
- Arthur Sewall , American entrepreneur and politician (* 1835) September 5:
- September 11th: Otto Martin Torell , Swedish geologist, naturalist and North Pole driver (* 1828)
- September 15: Abraham Kuhn , Alsatian doctor and professor (* 1838)
- September 20: Karl Schenkl , Austrian classical philologist (* 1827)
- September 25: John M. Palmer , American politician (* 1817)
- September 29: Rudolf Gottfried Arndt , German psychiatrist and university professor (* 1835)
- Heinrich von Herzogenberg , Austrian composer (* 1843) October 9:
- October 19: Carl Wilhelm Julius Appelius , German lawyer (* 1826)
- October 20: Naim Frashëri , Albanian writer (* 1846)
- October 21: Alexander Achilles , German lawyer and Imperial Judge (* 1833)
- October 22nd: Anders Monsen Askevold , Norwegian landscape and animal painter (* 1834)
- October 22: John Sherman , American politician (* 1823)
- October 27: William Anderson , British surgeon (* 1842)
- October 28: Friedrich Max Müller , German linguist (* 1823)
- October 29: Frédéric Godet , Swiss theologian (* 1812)
- October 31: Anna von Lieben , became known as patient Cäcilie M. Sigmund Freuds (* 1847)
- Wendelin Boeheim , Austrian weapons technician, officer, journalist and museum operator (* 1832) November 1st:
- November 15: Adolf Pichler , Austrian writer and scientist (* 1819)
- November 16: George A. Ramsdell , American politician (* 1834)
- November 17: Alexander Imeretinski , Russian prince and general (* 1837)
- November 18: Anna Vorwerk , German women's rights activist (* 1839)
- November 18: Ernst Eckstein , German writer (* 1845)
- November 22nd: Otto Kersten , German African explorer, chemist and geographer (* 1839)
- November 22nd: Arthur Sullivan , English composer (* 1842)
- November 25: Willibald Beyschlag , German Protestant theologian and professor (* 1823)
- November 30th: Tycho Mommsen , German classical philologist and grammar school director (* 1819)
- November 30th: Oscar Wilde , Irish writer (* 1854)
- Ludwig Jacobowski , German poet, writer and publicist (* 1868) December 2:
- Joseph W. McClurg , American politician (* 1818) December 2:
- Wilhelm Leibl , German painter (* 1844) December 4:
- Emanuel Hoffmann , Austrian classical philologist (* 1825) December 6th:
- Richard Altmann , German histologist and pathologist (* 1852) December 7th:
- Johann Friedrich Dändliker , Swiss Pietist and Diakonie Head (* 1821) December 7th:
- Georg Schmitt , German composer and organist (* 1821) December 7th:
- Max Abraham , German music publisher (* 1831) December 8:
- John LM Irby , American politician (* 1854) December 9:
- December 11: Enst August Emil Freiherr von Amelunxen , Prussian lieutenant general (* 1828)
- December 11th: Aimé-Louis Herminjard , Swiss Protestant clergyman, palaeologist and university professor (* 1817)
- December 12th: Santo Siorpaes , Italian mountaineer (* 1832)
- December 18: George C. Ludlow , American politician (* 1830)
- December 21: Leonhard von Blumenthal , Prussian field marshal (* 1810)
- December 26th: Jules Rivière , French violinist, bassoonist, conductor and composer (* 1819)
- December 27th: William George Armstrong , British industrialist (* 1810)
- December 31: Hannibal Goodwin , American clergyman and inventor (* 1822)
Exact date of death unknown
- Jules-Adenis de Colombeau , French journalist, writer and librettist (* 1823)