Yves Tanguy

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Yves Tanguy (* 5. January 1900 in Paris , as Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy ; † 15. January 1955 in Woodbury , USA ) was a French painter of Surrealism .

Yves Tanguy's landscapes are sometimes airy and light, resemble cloud formations, sometimes they are reminiscent of the depths of the ocean floor, sometimes of the surface of foreign planets, but they are never clearly tangible: They are surreal landscapes in the true sense of the word. His encrypted imagery is still a mystery to this day.

life and work

Tanguy, who was born in Paris in 1900 , was an anarchic and at the same time silent person. During his time at high school, he met Pierre Matisse , who became his future collector and friend. After visiting an exhibition by Giorgio de Chirico in the Paul Guillaume Gallery in 1923, he made the decision to become a painter. Tanguy was self-taught, he began to draw and watercolors in 1923/24, although he was influenced by Dadaism at the time and was still a long way from Pittura metafisica . In Tanguy's early works, expressionism , cubism and the new objectivity can be felt as influences. In 1925 he turned to surrealism . That year he married Jeannette Ducrocq. In addition to his contact with André Breton , Tanguy also maintained contact with Louis Aragon , André Masson , René Magritte , Salvador Dalí and Max Ernst , although he remained in their shadow. The imagery that he developed in the mid-1920s was largely retained. He also created erotic drawings, around 1928 eight illustrations for Les Couilles Enragées for the publisher René Bonnel, Paris. However, these were confiscated during a police raid on the printer Gaston Coquette, and the publisher abandoned his plan. They were first published in the mid-1950s in the work Maria Comburg, Journal intime d'une provinciale, with the publisher's name London-Melbourne-Calcutta and Philéas Fogg as the publisher. In fact, the Parisian publisher Eric Losfeld was hiding behind it. In 1938 he was instrumental in the Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme in the Beaux-Arts gallery in Paris.

Tanguy emigrated to the USA in November 1939 after the outbreak of World War II. Tanguy's pictures were e.g. T. Comments on rearmament and war. In 1940 he married the American surrealist artist Kay Sage, his second marriage . In 1942 he took part in an exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century gallery in Manhattan .

Tanguy died in Woodbury , Connecticut in 1955 of a stroke from a fall after his health had deteriorated in previous years. Some of his works were shown posthumously at documenta II (1959) in Kassel .



  • Karin von Maur : Yves Tanguy and Surrealism , Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern 2000, ISBN 3-7757-0964-9
  • Thomas Krens (preface): Rendezvous. Masterpieces from the Center Georges Pompidou and the Guggenheim Museums . Guggenheim Museum Publications, New York 1998, ISBN 0-892-07213-x

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