Friedrichshafen


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
Map of Germany, position of the city of Friedrichshafen highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 39 '  N , 9 ° 29'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Tübingen
County : Lake Constance district
Height : 400 m above sea level NHN
Area : 69.94 km 2
Residents: 60,865 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 870 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 88045, 88046, 88048
Primaries : 07541, 07544, 07546Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : FN, TT, ÜB
Community key : 08 4 35 016
City structure: Core city and 4 districts

City administration address :
Adenauerplatz 1
88045 Friedrichshafen
Website : www.friedrichshafen.de
Lord Mayor : Andreas Brand ( Free Voters )
Location of the city of Friedrichshafen in the Lake Constance district
Bodensee Österreich Schweiz Bayern Bermatingen Daisendorf Deggenhausertal Eriskirch Frickingen Friedrichshafen Hagnau am Bodensee Heiligenberg (Bodenseekreis) Immenstaad am Bodensee Kressbronn am Bodensee Langenargen Markdorf Meckenbeuren Meersburg Neukirch (Bodenseekreis) Oberteuringen Owingen Salem (Baden) Sipplingen Stetten (Bodenseekreis) Tettnang Überlingen Überlingen Uhldingen-Mühlhofen Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Ravensburg Landkreis Sigmaringenmap
About this picture

Friedrichshafen [ ˈfriːdrɪçshaːfən (local and regional pronunciation) or frɪdrɪçsˈhaːfən ] is a large medium-sized town on the northern shore of Lake Constance and the district town of the Lake Constance district , at the same time its largest city and the second largest city on Lake Constance after Constance . Together with Ravensburg and Weingarten , Friedrichshafen forms one of 14 regional centers (in addition to functions) in Baden-Württemberg . Friedrichshafen has been a major district town since April 1956, and since September 2011 it has also been a university town thanks to Zeppelin University .

geography

View from Lake Constance to the castle church and Graf-Zeppelin-Haus
Zeppelin statue at the Graf-Zeppelin-Haus, in the background the Säntis
Zeppelin Museum at the harbor

Geographical location

Friedrichshafen is located on a gently curved bay on the north shore of Lake Constance and on the southwest edge of the Schussen basin . The city extends over an altitude of 395.2  m above sea level. NHN on the shores of Lake Constance up to 501.6  m in Ailingen (Horach). The core city is not far west of the confluence of the Rotach in Lake Constance. Coming from Oberteuringen, this river reaches the urban area west of the village of Ailingen and flows through some smaller districts before it flows into the lake on the eastern edge of the city center. The somewhat larger Schussen touches the northeast corner of the urban area before it, too - ends a few kilometers east of Friedrichshafen - in Lake Constance.

Neighboring communities

The following cities and communities border the city of Friedrichshafen. They are named starting in the west in a clockwise direction and, with the exception of Ravensburg, all belong to the Lake Constance district:

Immenstaad ( agreed administrative community ), Markdorf , Oberteuringen , Ravensburg , Meckenbeuren , Tettnang and Eriskirch .

City structure

Location of the districts and districts of Friedrichshafen

The city consists of the core city and the municipalities of Ailingen , Ettenkirch , Kluftern and Raderach , which were incorporated as part of the municipal reform of the 1970s . These incorporated communities are localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code; that is, they each have one of the persons entitled to vote in a municipal election to be elected Ortschaftsrat with a mayor as its chairman. In every village there is a local administration, the head of which is the mayor.

Almost all parts of the city and the core city still have many spatially separated residential areas with their own names, which often have only a few residents, or residential areas whose names were created in the course of development and then retained - and whose boundaries are often not precisely defined. In some cases, these are also formerly independent communities or parts of communities that were incorporated into the municipality in the first half of the 20th century or that have merged with other communities. In detail these are:

Part location Villages, hamlets and places to live
Core city Allmannsweiler, Eichenmühle, Fischbach , Grenzhof, Heiseloch, Hofen , Jettenhausen , Löwental , Manzell , Meistershofen , Neuhäuser, Riedern, Rupberg, St. Georgen, Schnetzenhausen , Seemoos, Seewiesenesch, Column stone, Sparbruck, Waggershausen, Windhag
Ailingen Berg (was an independent municipality from 1825 to 1937, to which the settlements Holzhof, Ittenhausen, Jägerhaus, Kappelhof, Köstenbach, Langenloch, Unterraderach and Weiler an der Ach belonged), Buchholz, Bunkhofen, Hagendorn (1812-1825 name of the municipality at that time Ailingen / Berg), Höhler, Holzhof, Ittenhausen, Lochenried, Martinshof, Oberailingen, Oberlottenweiler, Reinach, Unterailingen, Unterlottenweiler, Waldacker, Weilermühle, Wiggenhausen, Wolfenhof
Ettenkirch Appenweiler, Batzenweiler, Bettenweiler, Eggenweiler, Ellenweiler , Furatweiler, Habratsweiler, backyard, Hirschlatt (independent municipality until 1937), Huiweiler, Krehenberg, Lehhorn, Lempfriedsweiler, linden wood, rose garden, Waltenweiler, tub houses, Wirgetswiesen, Zillisbach
Clumps Efrizweiler , Höge, Kreuzäcker, Lipbach , Mühlöschle, Ziegelacker

Border to Baden

The border line between the former states of Baden and Württemberg ran on the Grenzbach between Friedrichshafen-Fischbach and Immenstaad. Remains of the "Grenzhof" can still be found between the federal highway 31 and the nature-protected shore zone .

Spatial planning

Friedrichshafen, together with Ravensburg and Weingarten, forms the upper center (in addition to the functions) of the Bodensee-Oberschwaben region and is at the same time the central location of a central area in the eastern part of the Bodenseekreis , which, in addition to Friedrichshafen, includes the communities of Bermatingen , Deggenhausertal , Eriskirch , Immenstaad , Kressbronn , Langenargen , Markdorf , Meckenbeuren , Neukirch , Oberteuringen and Tettnang .

Protected areas

In the area of ​​the city of Friedrichshafen, the regional council of Tübingen and the Bodenseekreis district office as the lower nature conservation authority, as of 2009, have four nature reserves ( Eriskircher Ried , Hepbacher-Leimbacher Ried , Lipbacher Ried , Lipbach Valley , Lipbach estuary ), five landscape conservation areas ( Haldenberg , Hepbacher-Leimbacher Ried, Lipbacher Ried, Württembergisches Shores of Lake Constance (sub-areas), eleven area and 25 individual natural monuments designated.

climate

The climate of Friedrichshafen is mainly influenced by the influence of Lake Constance and the nearby Alps (see Lake Constance climate ). Compared to the hinterland, the temperatures are rather mild. The proximity to the Alps creates the characteristic foehn winds and sometimes strong thunderstorms . In addition, fog often forms in winter because the lake stores heat, the warmer air absorbs more moisture and releases it again as haze.

Friedrichshafen
Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
 
 
60
 
2
-3
 
 
61
 
4th
-2
 
 
54
 
9
1
 
 
73
 
13
4th
 
 
96
 
18th
8th
 
 
121
 
21st
12
 
 
133
 
23
14th
 
 
120
 
22nd
13
 
 
81
 
19th
10
 
 
65
 
13
6th
 
 
73
 
7th
2
 
 
58
 
3
-1
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Source: wetterkontor.de
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Friedrichshafen
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.3 4.2 8.8 13.1 18.0 21.3 23.2 22.3 19.3 13.2 7.4 3.4 O 13.1
Min. Temperature (° C) −2.7 −1.9 0.8 4.1 8.2 11.8 13.7 13.2 10.3 6.1 1.9 −1.4 O 5.4
Precipitation ( mm ) 60 61 54 73 96 121 133 120 81 65 73 58 Σ 995
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.4 2.7 4.2 5.3 6.7 7.2 8.0 7.0 5.6 3.3 1.8 1.2 O 4.5
Rainy days ( d ) 10 10 9 11 12 13 13 12 9 8th 10 10 Σ 127
Humidity ( % ) 84 83 77 73 70 73 74 76 79 85 86 87 O 78.9
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
2.3
−2.7
4.2
−1.9
8.8
0.8
13.1
4.1
18.0
8.2
21.3
11.8
23.2
13.7
22.3
13.2
19.3
10.3
13.2
6.1
7.4
1.9
3.4
−1.4
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
N
i
e
d
e
r
s
c
h
l
a
g
60
61
54
73
96
121
133
120
81
65
73
58
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source: wetterkontor.de

history

Buchhorn, copper engraving by Merian , 1643/1656

Founded in 1811

Friedrichshafen emerged in 1811 from the former imperial city of Buchhorn (from which it took over the coat of arms ) through a merger with the nearby village and monastery of Hofen on the same bay of Lake Constance. As part of the Kingdom of Württemberg, the city ​​belonged to the Tettnang District Office , from which the Friedrichshafen district emerged in 1938 , which in 1945 became part of the Tettnang district again after the district administration was relocated.

Under Württemberg rule

Castle church and castle

Friedrichshafen was named after the first King of Württemberg, Friedrich I (1754-1816). Under this king, the city prospered above all economically, as a privileged free port and trading center for trade with Switzerland. This attracted new settlers who settled in Karlstrasse and Friedrichstrasse, gradually connecting the districts of Buchhorn and Hofen. In the 19th century, Friedrichshafen served the Württemberg monarchs as a summer residence. The former Hofen monastery was converted into a royal palace. Under King Wilhelm I (1781–1864) the economy flourished again, which was reflected, among other things, in the purchase of the steamship "Wilhelm" . The castle in particular attracted many foreigners to Friedrichshafen, including ministers and high officials, some of whom had villas built in the immediate vicinity. The first tourists came to visit the city, among them the Russian Tsar Alexander II (1818–1881) is said to have been.

First industry

“Swabian Children” in Friedrichshafen

As the first isolated section of the Royal Württemberg State Railway , the southern section of Friedrichshafen - Ravensburg was opened on November 8, 1847 . From June 1, 1850, the first stretch of the Württemberg railway network from Heilbronn to Friedrichshafen could be used continuously. In 1869, the Lake Constance trajectory began operating with rail ferries that transported goods from Friedrichshafen to Romanshorn in Switzerland. The leather factory Hüni + Co was founded in 1859 . In the 19th century, the " Swabian children " from Vorarlberg, Tyrol, Liechtenstein and Switzerland were given to farmers.

Industrialization through the construction of the zeppelin

The industrialization of Friedrichshafen is mainly shaped by Ferdinand von Zeppelin . The Count, who was born in Constance , relocated the production of his rigid airships , the zeppelins , here in the last years of the 19th century . On July 2, 1900, the 128-meter-long LZ1 rose from the launch area for the first time in Manzell Bay. After a few initial difficulties, testing of the successor LZ2 began in 1906. It was thanks to the enthusiasm of the Germans for airship travel that the entire project was continued despite a few unsuccessful attempts (see zeppelin donation by the German people ).

Airship and airship yard in Friedrichshafen in a photo montage, around 1910

Luftfahrzeug-Motorenbau GmbH, founded in Bissingen an der Enz in 1909 by Wilhelm Maybach on the initiative of Zeppelin, relocated to Friedrichshafen in 1912, also due to changed technical requirements. Karl Maybach (1879–1960), Wilhelm Maybach's eldest son, took over management of the company . In order to obtain the high financial resources for research and production, a stock corporation (AG) was founded in 1909 , the Deutsche Luftschifffahrts-AG ( DELAG ) based in Frankfurt am Main , the first air shipping company worldwide.

Postcard: New Uferstrasse with airship and airplane 1916

An invention by the engineer Max Maag , which made it possible to manufacture precise gears in series, contributed to the further development of the Zeppelins and led to the founding of the Friedrichshafen gear factory (ZF) in 1915 , which also became an AG in 1922. With the progress in airship construction, a general economic upturn began. With the number of new jobs, the influx of holiday guests gradually increased. In 1912 the "Zeppelin Group" employed around 200 people, most of whom lived in a new settlement built especially for them, the Zeppelin Village.

The beginning of the First World War accelerated this economic growth as many airships were built for military use. Graf Zeppelin died in 1917. The Dornier office, which was initially occupied with building metal aircraft in the Zeppelin house, was taken over by Claude Dornier in 1922 ; this was the beginning of the later Dornier works .

The interwar period

The workers in Friedrichshafen also took part in the November Revolution of 1918 by setting up a workers 'and soldiers' council to deal with important decisions . With the end of the monarchy , the castle had served its purpose as a royal summer residence, and it was given to the disempowered House of Württemberg . Now, through the People's State of Württemberg , the democracy of the Weimar Republic became effective in Friedrichshafen .

The Zeppelin company, which specializes in armaments, had to lay off most of its workers after the end of the war. The subsidiaries now devoted themselves to other production areas and were thus able to keep part of the workforce. Maybach-Motorenbau concentrated on building car engines and in 1922 produced the first of his later famous automobiles.

The ZF now produced mainly ready-to manual for the automotive industry, which at that time already had great potential. Airship construction was also resumed after a short time. This was mainly thanks to Hugo Eckener , who collected around 2.5 million Reichsmarks for the new production via an appeal for donations (the so-called Zeppelin Eckener donation for LZ 127 ).

The Dornier-Werke (originally Zeppelin-Werk Lindau GmbH, from 1922 D ornier-Metallbauten GmbH, from 1938 Dornier-Werke GmbH, from 1966 Dornier GmbH) were founded in the 1930s by branches in Neuaubing and Oberpfaffenhofen (both near Munich) and in Wismar ( North German Dornier Works ) expanded. According to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the most famous of their aircraft, the Dornier Wal , could initially only be manufactured under license (in Italy). The world's largest airplane at the time, the Dornier Do X, was built on Lake Constance .

The first airship after the war, the LZ 126 , was handed over to the USA as a reparation. His Atlantic crossing caused a sensation. The following airships LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg were also very much in the public eye. After the Hindenburg disaster in Lakehurst on May 6, 1937, in which 36 people were killed as a result of an explosion, the construction of further airships (with the exception of the LZ 130 ) was discontinued and also all air traffic of the zeppelins.

In National Socialism and in the war

During the district reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg , the city became the seat of the newly defined Friedrichshafen district , which was again called Tettnang district from 1945 onwards.

During the National Socialist era, tourism in Friedrichshafen became an important economic factor. In 1934 the incumbent mayor Schnitzler was replaced by Walter Bärlin . Since 1933 there was an external headquarters of the Württemberg Political Police in Friedrichshafen, which from 1938 operated as the "Secret State Police - Grenzpolizeikommissariat Friedrichshafen".

The industry that had been converted to a war economy grew steadily. From 1942 to the end of 1944, the Zeppelin company also manufactured parts for the A4 rocket (the so-called V2 ); Between 1942 and 1943, a test and acceptance point was built near Raderach to test complete A4 rockets, the V2 plant in Raderach.

Four large arms factories made Friedrichshafen an important arms location in the German Reich:

  • Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH (radar systems, direction finding systems, parachutes, parts for aircraft and rocket construction)
  • Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH (manufacture of all engines for the tracked vehicles of the Wehrmacht [but not all at the Friedrichshafen location])
  • Zahnradfabrik AG (gearboxes for heavy vehicles)
  • Dornier-Werke GmbH (around 6000 aircraft)

Up to 14,000 foreign workers are said to have been employed in these factories, including around 1,000 concentration camp prisoners, most of whom were housed in camps.

The Zeppelin factory had its own work detachment from the Dachau concentration camp , and the associated Friedrichshafen labor camp was located on the premises of the Zeppelin shipyard (now ZF). Between June 1943 and September 1944 there were around 1,200 concentration camp prisoners from the Dachau concentration camp in the Friedrichshafen satellite camp . After the camp (between Hochstraße and the airship building) was destroyed by a bomb attack on April 28, 1944, the concentration camp inmates were moved to the vicinity of the V2 plant in Raderach. A labor camp for prisoners of war had been there since 1942 . On September 25, 1944, 762 of these concentration camp prisoners were brought to the Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp in Nordhausen.
From October 1944 to April 1945, concentration camp prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp built an underground tunnel near Überlingen , the Goldbacher tunnel , in order to relocate the endangered Friedrichshafen production facilities and thus protect production from the bombing. The forced laborers who died while the tunnel was being built were buried in the Birnau concentration camp cemetery.

The production facilities of the elementary armaments industry were the reason that a total of eleven air raids on Friedrichshafen were carried out between June 1943 and February 1945. The most serious of these attacks took place on the night of April 28, 1944, when the core of the old town and the port facilities with several ships fell victim. Two thirds of Friedrichshafen was destroyed during the Second World War, so it had to be almost completely rebuilt in the 1950s.

The complete destruction of the city was presumably prevented by the determination of the citizens and their mayor, who disregarded the order to defend Friedrichshafen to the last house. At the beginning of the war in 1939, 25,041 people lived in Friedrichshafen, then in 1943 27,168; after the air raids there were initially 7,650, as two thirds of the population had emigrated or been evacuated. In June 1945 the city then had 10,126 and in December 1945 again 14,979 inhabitants.

Reconstruction after the Second World War

In 1945 Friedrichshafen became part of the French occupation zone and was thus assigned to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern in 1947 , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

After the war, some companies, including Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH and Dornier-Werke, were forcibly dissolved. As a result, many people lost their jobs and thus their livelihoods. The gear factory and Maybach-Motorenbau could be saved, but had to change their production. The first important act of reconstruction was clearing the city. For this purpose, a narrow-gauge railway was built , with the help of which the entire old town was cleared by 1949. In addition, the company Hüni + Co built a rubble recycling plant. In 1950, the planning of the new construction began, which primarily provided for better traffic conditions and larger green spaces. With the inauguration of the new town hall, this construction phase was completed in 1956, but there was still a lack of sufficient living space.

Former mayors, district administrators and other political functionaries of the Nazi regime were interned by the French occupying forces in a camp near Balingen after the Second World War. In the spring of 1946, denazification began in Friedrichshafen : 2500 residents had to fill out questionnaires about their activities and their behavior during the Nazi era and answer to investigative committees. There were also proceedings against 15 well-known entrepreneurs and " military leaders ", such as Hugo Eckener (Zeppelin airship construction), Claude Dornier , Karl Maybach and Hans Cappus (ZF gear factory). The "political cleansing" was ended by March 1951, with most of the people classified as unpolluted fellow travelers .

The economic upswing in the city of Friedrichshafen is also thanks to the foundation , which was founded in 1908 by Count Zeppelin and was intended to promote airship construction. In the event that the original purpose of the foundation could no longer be fulfilled, the foundation should go to the city of Friedrichshafen. In this case, the proceeds from the Zeppelin Foundation should be used for charitable purposes. On March 1, 1947, the foundation's assets were transferred to the city of Friedrichshafen. The Zeppelin Foundation holds 93.8 percent of the shares in ZF Friedrichshafen AG and is the owner of Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH and Zeppelin GmbH. With the income from these so-called foundation operations, the foundation finances charitable and non-profit purposes in accordance with the statutes.

Recent history

Thanks to the rapid population growth (to 53,000 inhabitants), Friedrichshafen became the administrative seat of the newly founded Lake Constance district during the district reform in Baden-Württemberg on January 1, 1973 . Most of the incorporations date from that time.

During this time, the infrastructure began to be expanded and expanded. Since then, numerous educational institutions have emerged, including some of the public schools, the music school, the adult education center and the vocational school center. Then there was the Zeppelin Stadium and the Bodensee sports hall, the indoor swimming pool had already been opened in 1970.

The 26th German Fire Brigade Day, which took place in Friedrichshafen in June 1990, saw the first strong participation of fire brigades from the GDR . After a few decades, firefighters from Eastern Europe were also welcomed there and various contacts were made.

In 1992 the French garrison (army aviators) withdrew from their Durand de Villers quarter .

Incorporations

In today's urban area there were the following communities from 1812: City of Friedrichshafen and the communities Hagendorn, Ettenkirch, Kluftern and Raderach. In 1825 the Hagendorn community was dissolved. The communities Ailingen and Berg emerged from this. In 1850 Schnetzenhausen was separated from the municipality of Berg as an independent municipality, but was incorporated into the city of Friedrichshafen in 1937. Also in 1937, the municipality of Berg was incorporated into the municipality of Ailingen, which, however, had to give up its Allmannsweiler part to the city of Friedrichshafen. Thus, from 1937, in addition to the city of Friedrichshafen, there were also the communities of Ailingen, Ettenkirch, Kluftern and Raderach.

In the course of history, the following communities or places were incorporated into the city of Friedrichshafen. Unless otherwise stated, they belonged to the Tettnang district before the district reform.

  • April 1, 1910: Löwental, St. Georgen and parts of the village of Trautenmühle
  • April 1, 1914: Trautenmühle (remainder) as well as Jettenhausen, Meistershofen and Waggershausen (each only partially)
  • April 1, 1937: Schnetzenhausen (until 1850 part of the Berg community), Jettenhausen (remainder) and Allmannsweiler part of the Ailingen community
  • December 1, 1971: Ailingen (until 1825 and from 1937 with the municipality of Berg) and Raderach ( district of Überlingen )
  • April 1, 1972: Kluftern (with Efrizweiler and Lipbach, incorporated by letter of approval from the Ministry of the Interior in 1861; Überlingen district)
  • December 1, 1972: Ettenkirch (with the municipality of Hirschlatt incorporated in 1937)

Population development

Population development of Friedrichshafen.svgPopulation development of Friedrichshafen - from 1871
Desc-i.svg
Population development in Friedrichshafen according to the table below. Above from 1353 to 2018. Below an excerpt from 1871

Population figures according to the respective area. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the respective statistical offices ( main residences only ).

Year / date Residents
1353 about 800
1798 about 800
1823 circa 817
1843 1,257
1855 1,857
1861 2.233
1871, December 1st ¹ 2,827
1880, December 1st ¹ 3,053
1900, December 1st ¹ 4,627
1910, December 1st ¹ 7,041
1925, June 16 ¹ 11,289
1933, June 16 ¹ 13.306
1939, May 17th ¹ 25,041
1950, September 13 ¹ 20,501
1961, June 6 ¹ 37,148
1970, May 27 ¹ 43,140
Year / date Residents
1975, December 31st 51,544
1980, December 31st 52,080
1987, May 27 ¹ 51,808
1990, December 31 54,129
1995, December 31st 56,315
2000, December 31 57.163
2005, December 31 58,068
2010, December 31 59.002
2011, May 9 ¹ 56,938
2013, December 31 57,961
2014, December 31 58,350
2015, December 31 59,108
2016, December 31 59,611
2017, December 31 60,088
2018, December 31 60,865

¹ census result

religion

history

The area of ​​today's city of Friedrichshafen initially belonged to the diocese of Constance and was subordinate to the Archidiakonat Albgovia Kapitel Ailingen-Buchhorn. The Reformation was not carried out. After an investigation carried out in the city of Buchhorn from 1593 onwards, it was determined that no one could acquire civil rights, be a member of the council or enter the city service who did not take an oath to the Roman Catholic Church. Originally, Buchhorn was ecclesiastically dependent on the Hofen monastery. The church “St. Andreas and Pantaleon ”was also Buchhorn's church. In 1325, however, a Nikolauskapelle is mentioned in Buchhorn, but it was only raised to a parish at the end of the 16th century. The Catholic community belonged to the Diocese of Constance until 1802 and was subordinate to the Dean's Office of Theuringen, from 1808 to the Ordinariate Ellwangen, from which the newly founded Diocese of Rottenburg, today Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart , emerged in 1821/1827 .

Denomination statistics

In 2006, 26,600 people were members of the overall Catholic parish, compared to 22,851 in 2016 - a decrease of 15%. There are around 11,000 Protestants (as of the end of 2016). In Friedrichshafen, too, around 60% of the population are members of a Christian church.According to the 2011 census , 25,974 (45.6%) of the population were Roman Catholic , 11,705 (20.6%) Protestant and 33.8% were non-denominational or belonged to one other religious community.

Catholic parishes

The current parish church of St. Nikolaus was originally built in the Middle Ages on the territory of the Hofen monastery . In the 1920s, as a result of the strong growth of the Nikolaus community, the subsidiary church of St. Petrus Canisius was built . It was built in an architecture approaching brick Expressionism and was consecrated on November 24, 1928 by Confessing Bishop Joannes Baptista Sproll . It is a listed building. Ten years after completion of the church, the parish of the same name was founded in 1938, which today is the Christian parish with the largest number of members in Friedrichshafen. In the same year, initially only St. Nicholas and St. Petrus Canisius were formed into a single parish. Assets, real estate, building maintenance as well as church tax receipts and expenditures are administered jointly and handled in solidarity.

The population, which continued to grow after the Second World War, prompted those responsible for the entire parish to plan the construction of another church that was to be subordinated to the patronage of Christ, the Good Shepherd. Its architectural style with the shell-shaped dome and the attached bell shell is quite idiosyncratic. The Good Shepherd Church was consecrated on May 12, 1962. On October 1st, the new congregation was given independence. After the crash of a sport airplane, the roof of the church had to be repaired just ten years after the consecration. This church is also a listed building.

Since the old parish church of St. Mary's Birth from the 13th century in the Jettenhausen district had also become too small, it was replaced in 1960 by a new building dedicated to St. Mary. The last new building was that of St. Columban's Church , whose tent-shaped architecture is shaped by the reform ideas of the Second Vatican Council . It was consecrated in 1966 by the Italian Bishop Pietro Zuccarino from Bobbio . Its municipal area extends in the newly created district of Friedrichshafen Ost and in the old district of St. Georgen. The parish choir has already made a number of national appearances ( Katholikentag in Ulm , Ecumenical Kirchentag in Berlin ).

There are also parishes and churches in the other districts of Friedrichshafen: St. Magnus Fischbach (built in 1955, old parish church of St. Vitus in 1834), St. Peter and Paul in Schnetzenhausen (built in 1754 on older remains), St. Nikolaus in the district of Berg (built in 1520, but renovated in 1785 and further changed around 1900) and St. Petrus and Paulus in the Ettenkirch district (built in the 17th century, the tower was raised in 1884). St. Johann Baptist in Ailingen also goes back to an older building.

All Catholic parishes in the former Wuerttemberg part of the urban area have formed the total Catholic parish of Friedrichshafen since 2005 and together count 22,393 Catholics (as of 2017). This jointly responsible structure is responsible for numerous social institutions: the hostel for the homeless, the city diaconate, a social station and sixteen kindergartens. These ten parishes are now part of the Friedrichshafen deanery in the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese. After the district reform in 1973, the former dean's office in Tettnang was renamed.

Another parish, St. Gangolf Kluftern, does not belong to the Friedrichshafen parish as a whole. Kluftern belonged to Baden from 1806, so the parish is still part of the Linzgau Dean's Office within the Archdiocese of Freiburg . The Catholics in the Raderach district belong to the Bergheim parish. However, there has been a Chapel of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary in Raderach since 1837. A total of around 24,000 Catholics live in the entire city area (2017).

Evangelical congregations

At the beginning of the 19th century, Protestants also moved to the Friedrichshafen area. At first it was mainly civil servants and servants of the Württemberg king who moved into Schloss Hofen, the former monastery. King Friedrich von Württemberg founded a Protestant parish for them, to which he made the baroque castle church available. In 1845 a parish was established here. During the time of National Socialism, the Protestant pastor Karl Steger became known nationwide as a representative of the "German Christians" .

After the Second World War , the Protestant community grew rapidly, mainly due to the influx of refugees and displaced persons. Therefore, more parishes were founded and churches were built. The redeemer congregation (1958), the Dietrich Bonhoeffer congregation (1968) and the Paul Gerhardt congregation in Jettenhausen (1978) emerged. Together with the Schlosskirche community, they have all formed the Evangelical General Church Community in Friedrichshafen since 1994. This belongs to the deanery or church district of Ravensburg within the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . Other parishes and churches in the urban area of ​​Friedrichshafen are located in Manzell (church and parish from 1938), Ailingen (church from 1949, a chapel has existed since 1937) and Kluftern, the latter being part of the dean's office in Überlingen-Stockach of the Evangelical Church in Baden heard. The Protestants from Ettenkirch are looked after by the parish of Ailingen, the Protestants from Raderach by the parish of Markdorf.

Other Christian churches

In addition to the two large churches in Friedrichshafen there is also a Serbian Orthodox parish and parishes that belong to free churches , including an Evangelical Free Church (Baptist Congregation), an Evangelical Methodist Congregation, a Vineyard Congregation, the Independent Evangelical Congregation and the Free Christian Congregation Foyer FN. The New Apostolic Church also has two congregations.

Other communities

Furthermore, the Christian Science and Jehovah's Witnesses represented in Friedrichshafen.

Islam

In the course of the recruitment of guest workers , especially from Turkey , as well as further immigration , members of the Islamic faith increasingly came to Friedrichshafen since the 1960s . As a result of civil wars with far-reaching acts of war, hundreds of refugees also came to the city in mid-2015. It is estimated that there are around 5,000 Muslims in the city, mostly Sunnis . The Turkish DİTİB has been operating the Mehmet Akif Mosque since 1998 ; it is located on the outskirts of the city center in the direction of the sub-municipality Berg. There are also two other smaller Islamic communities in the core city.

politics

Municipal council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:

Local election 2019 - voting shares
Turnout: 55.1% (2009: 44.7%)
 %
30th
20th
10
0
23.6%
20.4%
17.1%
14.2%
9.8%
6.5%
4.8%
3.4%
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
 10
   8th
   6th
   4th
   2
   0
  -2
  -4
  -6
  -8th
-7.2  % p
+ 5.6  % p
-6.1  % p
-6.2  % p
+ 9.8  % p.p.
+ 2.7  % p.p.
+ 0.8  % p
+ 0.6  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
Remarks:
e network for Friedrichshafen
Allocation of seats from 2019 in the municipal council of Friedrichshafen
1
6th
8th
4th
2
3
7th
9
6th 8th 4th 7th 
A total of 40 seats

mayor

From the 13th century onwards, the city of Buchhorn was headed by the Ammann (bailiff) appointed by the city lord and the council, which was also the city court. From 1397 the Ammann was replaced as chairman of the council by a mayor , the Ammann was then only chairman of the court. The guilds then had the say in the city. They formed the small and the large council. In 1552 Emperor Charles V introduced the rule of the families. After that there were three mayors, who were in office for four months each. In the 18th century the administration disintegrated more and more, so that in 1752 an imperial commander had to be appointed.

After the transition to Württemberg, a city ​​school was set up in what was now the city of Friedrichshafen . In 1935 its name to "mayor" of the official title since the survey to district town in 1956 changed Mayor carries. Nowadays the Lord Mayor is elected for an eight-year term. He is chairman of the municipal council and head of the city administration. The Lord Mayor has two full-time deputies. The official title of the first alderman is "First Mayor", the second alderman is simply called "Mayor".

In the mayoral election on April 5, 2009, Andreas Brand (Free Voters) prevailed against his competitor Peter Kienzle (CDU) with 69.96 percent of the validly cast votes (turnout: 44.33 percent). Predecessor Josef Büchelmeier (SPD) was no longer available for re-election.

The city leaders since 1810
  • 1810–1821 / 22: Josef Mathias Prielmayer
  • 1821–1826 / 27: Johann Evangelist Jakob von Steffelin
  • 1826 / 27–1843: Ernst Equal
  • 1843–1849: Karl Schubart
  • 1849–1885: Edmund Miettinger
  • 1885–1907: Peter Schmid
  • 1908–1920: Adolf Mayer
  • 1920–1933: Johannes Schnitzler

coat of arms

Coat of arms of Friedrichshafen

The coat of arms of the city of Friedrichshafen shows in a split shield a green beech tree with roots in gold at the front, a silver horn with a gold fetter and gold fittings in the back. The city flag is green and white. The coat of arms is the former city coat of arms of the Free Imperial City of Buchhorn . This city had a so-called speaking coat of arms , the beech and the horn. Both heraldic symbols have been used in the city's seals since 1274. At first the imperial eagle was also visible in the seal. However, this disappeared from the 15th century. The symbols used to be shown in a different form and blazon . The horn was tinged with black until the 19th century .

Twin cities

Friedrichshafen maintains city partnerships with

  • Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina, since 1972
  • FranceFrance Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in France, since 1973
  • United StatesUnited States Peoria in Illinois (USA), since 1976
  • GermanyGermany Delitzsch , Saxony since 1990
  • BelarusBelarus Polotsk in Belarus, since 1990
  • ItalyItaly Imperia in Italy, since 2014

There is also a friendship with

In Friedrichshafen, committed citizens founded numerous registered associations to maintain town twinning:

Sponsorship

On December 12, 1967, the city of Friedrichshafen took over the sponsorship of the Naval Aviation Squadron 3 "Graf Zeppelin" from Nordholz on the occasion of the awarding of the traditional name Graf Zeppelin to the squadron on July 9, 1967.

Economy and Infrastructure

Industry and commerce

The largest employers in the city are still the industrial companies, whose roots go back to the days of airship construction.

The ZF Friedrichshafen AG (ZF) was founded in 1915 as a gear factory GmbH to the transmission (primarily it was the gears) to improve the Zeppelins. The company was converted into a stock corporation in 1921 . Today, ZF is the world's fourth largest automotive supplier and one of the world's leading companies in driveline and chassis technology. 93.8% of the owners are the Zeppelin Foundation and 6.2% are the Dr. Jürgen and Irmgard Ulderup Foundation in Lemförde .

The Rolls-Royce Power Systems emerged from the MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH (MTU; not to be confused with the engines and turbines Union in Munich) and is among the world's leading manufacturers of large diesel engines and complete propulsion and energy systems. Until 1985 the company belonged to the Daimler-Chrysler group, which, however, sold MTU Friedrichshafen in 2005 to the Swedish private equity group EQT for 1.6 billion euros . After the company was renamed Tognum GmbH in 2006, with the MTU brand name retained, the company name changed to Tognum AG in 2007 with the IPO. As of 2011, Rolls-Royce and Daimler held 98.3% of the capital of Tognum AG through their joint subsidiary Engine Holding GmbH. In 2014 the Rolls-Royce Group took over the Daimler shares. The company has been operating under the name Rolls-Royce Power Systems since January 2014.

The Zeppelin airship technology GmbH is a 1993 established company which the semi-rigid hybrid airships of the type Zeppelin NT develops and manufactures. The main shareholders are Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH and ZF. The German Zeppelin-Reederei GmbH, a subsidiary of airship technology, is responsible for mediating the flights.

Friedrichshafen oxygen works

The oxygen Friedrichshafen GmbH (SWF) in 1913 for the production of hydrogen as lifting gas established for zeppelins. Today, with two other plants in Aitrach and Bielefeld, it produces gases of all kinds for industrial, craft and medical needs.

The LZ foundry, which has existed since 1909, was transferred to Metallverarbeitung Friedrichshafen eGmbH in 1948 and is now part of the DGH Group based in Dohna under the name DGH Sand Casting GmbH .

In 1859, a long time before zeppelin production, Hans Heinrich Hüni founded the company Hüni + Co east of the old town of Friedrichshafen . Originally she produced leather, now she is a specialist in high-quality coatings with organic plastics.

Friedrichshafen has also established itself as a trade fair location and therefore likes to call itself the “trade fair and zeppelin city”. The more well-known regular events at Messe Friedrichshafen include

On February 21, 2007, the city won the T-City competition organized by Deutsche Telekom .

traffic

The port of Friedrichshafen - view from the Moleturm

Shipping

The catamaran (Friedrichshafen – Konstanz) in front of Friedrichshafen

The Friedrichshafen – Romanshorn ferry line connects Friedrichshafen with Romanshorn in Switzerland. Since 2005, connect the two catamarans Fridolin and Constanze the city of Konstanz. In 2007 a third ship was added, the Ferdinand catamaran .

Friedrichshafen is connected to various cities around the lake (e.g. Meersburg, Überlingen, Konstanz, Lindau, Bregenz) through the regular service of the Bodensee-Schifffahrtsbetriebe (BSB, coll .: "White Fleet" ). These ships only operate during the summer months. From the port station there is a direct connection to the trains in Friedrichshafen Stadt station.

air traffic

Friedrichshafen Airport

Friedrichshafen Airport is located in the northeast of the city (towards Meckenbeuren) . It is regularly served by Lufthansa , British Airways and other airlines. In addition to the domestic German destination Frankfurt, there are also connections to London, Toulouse, Istanbul ( Turkish Airlines ). In addition, there are international destinations for holiday flights in the summer and winter flight schedules, for example to Palma de Mallorca, Croatia or Tenerife.

Road traffic

Friedrichshafen is located on federal road 31 ( Freiburg im Breisgau - Sigmarszell ), which runs along the northern shore of Lake Constance, and is connected by federal road 30 in the direction of Ravensburg and Ulm (there were once plans to expand the B 30 to federal motorway 89 ). After the redesign of the city center into a traffic-calmed zone, Friedrichshafen now has four parking garages (lake, old town, city station and Graf-Zeppelin-Haus).

Rail transport

The city train station in Friedrichshafen (September 2008)

In the Friedrichshafen city area there are the Friedrichshafen Hafen and Friedrichshafen Stadt train stations , which are connected by the Friedrichshafen Stadt – Friedrichshafen Hafen railway, as well as other stations . In Stadtbahnhof above are also Railway Ulm-Friedrichshafen , the railway Stahringen-Friedrichshafen and the railway line Friedrichshafen-Lindau linked. Apart from a pair of intercity trains, the city is only served by regional trains operated by Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) and the Bodensee-Oberschwaben-Bahn (BOB).

Local public transport

Urban public transport has been carried out by Stadtverkehr Friedrichshafen since 1990 ; the company was restructured in 1999 and has been part of the Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund (bodo) since 2004 . Today more than 15 bus routes operate in this network, the most important junctions of which are the port and city train station. For trade fair events, a trade fair express (port station – city station – trade fair) and a trade fair shuttle (airport – trade fair) are also set up. In the off-peak time are hourly or every two hours six evenings of lines and the city train station, in part, against the day lines changed routes go. The company also offers the RIA taxi service .

media

In Friedrichshafen there is an SWR studio in which, in addition to television and online news from the region, the SWR4 -Bodenseeradio of Südwestrundfunk is produced. The SWR editors report from the land trips Bodensee, Konstanz, Lindau, Ravensburg, Biberach, Sigmaringen as well as transnational from Vorarlberg and Eastern Switzerland. The studio is located in the city center, by the parking garage on the lake.

Other regional radio stations are the more youth-oriented Radio 7 and Radio Seefunk , both of which mainly play rock and pop music.

The Schwäbische Zeitung (is also involved in Radio 7) runs its own local editorial office in Friedrichshafen, which reports on current events in the city and the region.

Friedrichshafen also belongs to the broadcasting area of ​​the private regional television broadcaster Regio TV Bodensee , which can be received via cable and which relocated its studio from Friedrichshafen to Ravensburg in 2013.

Authorities and institutions

As the district town of the Lake Constance district , Friedrichshafen is home to its administration, the district office . The tax office and a notary's office are also on site .

The city is also the seat of the Friedrichshafen deanery of the Rottenburg-Stuttgart diocese .

Educational institutions

Day care centers

There are 37 day-care centers in Friedrichshafen.

General education schools

As a major district town, Friedrichshafen has all common types of schools.

At primary level, there are the three basic and Werkrealschule Ludwig-Dürr school Pestalozzi School and the Catholic Bodensee School St. Martin , which has also joined a social science professional school, and the community school scream Esch and the five Grundschule Ailingen with a branch office in Mountain , Elementary school Friedrichshafen-Fischbach with branch in Schnetzenhausen, Albert-Merglen-School, Don-Bosco-School Ettenkirch and the elementary school Friedrichshafen-Kluftern. The secondary school Ailingen and the Catholic girls and boys secondary school St. Elisabeth are available for secondary schools . Furthermore, an evening secondary school. Since the 2014/2015 school year there have also been two community schools at the Schreieschesch community school and the Graf Soden community school. In addition, the city offers two general high schools, the Graf-Zeppelin-Gymnasium and the Karl-Maybach-Gymnasium. Added to that comes Merian school as a special needs school and the Tannenhagschule as a special school for mentally disabled as well as the private special education school on the lake (special school for the disabled) and Sprachheilschule (special school for speech impaired). The SIS Swiss International School (private school) offers bilingual education from kindergarten through elementary school to high school.

In the vocational school center (in the east of the city; sponsored by the Bodenseekreis) are the Claude-Dornier-Schule (commercial school, including the technical high school and the information technology high school), the Hugo-Eckener-Schule (commercial school, among others with the business high school) and the Droste-Hülshoff-Schule (home and agricultural school, including the nutritional, social and biotechnological high school). The Bernd-Blindow-Schule is a private vocational school with a science-technical, social-educational and media and design-technical grammar school.

Extracurricular educational institutions are the knowledge workshop, which aims to arouse interest in technology and technical professions, the KinderUni FN with lectures for children aged five to twelve years in all areas of knowledge, and the Hector Children's Academy to promote talented children of primary school age.

Colleges

Zeppelin University ( SeeCampus / SMH)

The Zeppelin University , founded in 2003, has been the tenth university in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg since September 2011 (granting of doctoral and habilitation rights by the Ministry of Science); Friedrichshafen has been a university town since then . The university is privately owned and describes itself as a "university between business, culture and politics". Courses in economics , communication and cultural studies , political and administrative sciences as well as sociology , politics and economics are offered.

There is also a dual university in Friedrichshafen: The Faculty of Technology at the Baden-Württemberg Cooperative State University Ravensburg (DHBW Ravensburg) offers 14 courses in the areas of electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, business informatics, aerospace engineering and industrial engineering.

There is also a study center of the private DIPLOMA University of Applied Sciences in North Hesse in Friedrichshafen .

Libraries

In addition to the “Medienhaus am See” city library, the Lake Constance library is located in Friedrichshafen and, as a special library, collects works on the Lake Constance area and its history.

Social facilities

The Evangelical Home Foundation and the BruderhausDiakonie operate facilities for the elderly and social psychiatry in Friedrichshafen. The Liebenau Foundation maintains several senior centers and the St. Josef Hospice. Arbeiterwohlfahrt (AWO), the German Red Cross , the Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe , the THW , the Malteser Hilfsdienst and the DLRG maintain representations in Friedrichshafen.

Culture and sights

Zeppelin Museum Schlosskirche Kulturzentrum K42 Aussichtsturm Friedrichshafen Pfarrkirche St. NikolausPanorama of Friedrichshafen with promenade, old town and harbor (view from Moleturm)
About this picture

Tourist routes

Friedrichshafen is on the main route of the Upper Swabian Baroque Road .

The cross-border Green Road / Route Verte, which begins in the Vosges in Contrexéville and crosses the Rhine near Breisach , leads in the north route via Friedrichshafen and ends in Lindau.

Promenade, hiking trails and paths

Friedrichshafen, lake promenade: View of Lake Constance and the Alps

When viewed from the harbor, the sea and riverside road to the west as a promenade to the Württemberg Castle and eastward through the Eriskircher Ried nature reserve , which are part of the Lake Constance circular route, are frequently visited . Further west in the districts of Manzell and Fischbach, due to the industrial facilities, this does not lead along the shore of Lake Constance, but along the busy federal road 31 and only reaches the lake again at the Immenstaad campsite.

The Friedrichshafen history trail provides information on historically interesting locations and buildings. There are now more than fifty information boards at original locations in Friedrichshafen city center and the closer quarters of the city, allowing glimpses “behind the facades”.

The Maybach-Weg is an addition to the history trail . The most important stations in the life of the engine and automobile designer Karl Maybach (* 1879, † 1960 in Friedrichshafen) are taken up by him. His life and achievements are reminded on installed boards at twelve locations in the city.

The twelve-kilometer-long Zeppelin Path aims to make the history of the city of Friedrichshafen in the 20th century, at the center of which is the history of the Zeppelin Foundation , tangible at nine stations . It also complements the offer of the history trail.

The third stage of the Jubiläumsweg , a 111-kilometer hiking trail that was signposted in 1998 for the 25th anniversary of the Lake Constance district, runs through the urban area of ​​Friedrichshafen . It leads over six stages through the hinterland of Lake Constance from Kressbronn via Neukirch, Meckenbeuren, Markdorf, Heiligenberg and Owingen to Überlingen.

As a city located directly on the lake, Friedrichshafen is also a station on the Lake Constance cycle path .

The Zeppelin NT N07 (D-LZFN)

Zeppelin flights and boat tours

Other attractions are a sightseeing flight with the Zeppelin NT over Lake Constance and the hinterland, a tour on one of the numerous passenger ships or a trip on a scheduled or pleasure boat.

Museums

Dornier Museum

The Dornier Museum shows the history of aerospace technology at the Dornier company. The museum, built right next to Friedrichshafen Airport in a 25,000 square meter landscaped park, opened in July 2009. It is modeled on an aircraft hangar and shows 100 years of aerospace history with more than 400 exhibits.
You can see aircraft designed by Claude Dornier such as the Dornier Do 27 , the vertical takeoff Dornier Do 31 or a replica of the Dornier Merkur . In addition, original parts of a Spacelab can also be viewed . In the “museum box”, the history of the Dornier company is presented using films and videos.

The fire brigade museum in Ettenkirch-Waltenweiler with exhibits from the history of the fire brigade has been set up by volunteers since 2002. The museum building, built in 1930, served the Ettenkirchen volunteer fire brigade as a fire station until 1977 and then stood empty until the museum opened in 2005.

The Friedrichshafen School Museum was founded by Erich H. Müller-Gaebele, professor at the Weingarten University of Education, and Norbert Steinhauser, Rector of the Pestalozzi School, in the Schnetzenhausen district. It was the first museum in Baden-Württemberg to show collections of school history. In 1989 it was relocated to the "Villa von Riss" by decision of the local council in order to have more exhibition space available. Each exhibition room describes a type of school: the monastery school, classrooms from 1800, 1850, 1900 and 1930. The subject of schools under National Socialism is a special focus. The presentation of different school types and a room on the subject of “school penalties” complete the extensive collection.

Zeppelin Museum

The Zeppelin Museum is located in the building of the former port station and shows the history of the Zeppelin and its main effects on the development of the city of Friedrichshafen. Is offered u. a. an accessible segment from the passenger compartment of a zeppelin with a passenger room and sleeping cabins. On the second floor of the building, pictures by Otto Dix and other artists can be viewed under the motto “Technology and Art” .

The Bodensee Museum was a museum for the history and natural history of the Lake Constance area, which was built from 1869 by the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings and was finally installed in 1912 in the former "Kreuzlinger Hof" (corner of Karlstrasse-Schanzstrasse). In 1927 it became the responsibility of the city of Friedrichshafen; it burned in the air raid on April 28, 1944. The “Städtische Bodensee-Museum Friedrichshafen” (1957) and the “Zeppelin-Museum” (1996) build on the tradition of the former Bodensee-Museum.

Memorials

The so-called "Russenfriedhof" is located in the main municipal cemetery . There, 450 men and women are commemorated on a memorial stone who died as concentration camp inmates in forced labor in the Dornier aircraft and airship works .

A memorial plaque on the port side of the Zeppelin Museum commemorates the thousands of so-called “ Swiss children ” who were invited to Switzerland by “generous people” in 1946/1947 .

music

Fanfare procession Graf Zeppelin
The sea hare fanfare procession

The music scene in Friedrichshafen is characterized by nine music associations and a few orchestras and thus by many different styles. In addition to folklore and jazz , brass music also plays a major role.

The Seehasen-Fanfarenzug was founded in 1956 on the occasion of the Seehasenfest by Erich Deisel, teacher at the Graf-Zeppelin-Gymnasium. At that time the club consisted of four drummers and two fanfare players . In 1959 the first typical yellow-red costumes reminiscent of the character of the Spanish era were worn. In 1972 the fanfare train took part in the German championship of fanfare trains and took eighth place. Up to the 50th anniversary in 2006 he organized many concerts abroad and won several prizes in competitions across Germany. The annual highlight is still the "sea hare festival".

In 1965, some members of the Seehasen Fanfarenzug resigned and founded the Fanfarenzug Graf Zeppelin (until 1967 Seegockel Fanfarenzug). The merger of the two fanfares was prevented in 1976. In 1992 the Graf Zeppelin fanfare procession went on a trip to Russia at the invitation of the Moscow Conservatory . He also took part in the Victory Peace Parade in Red Square . Further trips as well as the "Seehasenfest" shaped the development of the fanfare train.

The jazzport Friedrichshafen e. V. aims to create a forum for jazz enthusiasts and to organize concerts. His band, the New Jazzport Orchestra (NJPO), consists primarily of music school teachers and students. The concerts mainly take place in the airport restaurant.

The Friedrichshafen Music School was founded in 1953 as a municipal educational institution. In 2003 she moved to the newly built building near the Graf-Zeppelin-Gymnasium. In addition to early musical education and basic education, common instruments are offered as individual or group lessons, as well as various ensembles and orchestras, the most important of which are the youth symphonic brass orchestra, the folklore ensemble, the youth symphony orchestra and the big band, which also regularly take place outside the region To give concerts. Competition Young Musicians many of the students participate.

Buildings

The old town of Friedrichshafen - view from the Moleturm

Churches

  • Chapel of St. Blasius, built in the 11th century and the oldest preserved building in the city.
  • Castle Church : The most important building and landmark of the city is the former monastery church of the Hofen monastery . It was rebuilt by Christian Thumb from 1695 to 1702 . The two towers with onion roofs are 55 meters high. The former Hofen monastery complex was converted into a palace in 1824, which served as a summer residence for the Württemberg royal family. The castle was built with the castle church, but the "old building" by Michael Beer was built between 1654 and 1661. Giovanni Salucci planned the renovation measures in the 19th century .
  • Parish Church of St. Nikolaus : In the center of the former town of Buchhorn, built in the 17th century including a chapel from the 13th century
  • Parish church St. Petrus Canisius : built 1927–1928 according to a design by the Stuttgart architect Hugo Schlösser in the Bauhaus style.
  • Parish Church of the Good Shepherd : built in 1962 and already a listed building.
  • Catholic Parish Church of St. Columban (1966)

Secular buildings

  • City station: representative building, built in 1846.
  • Hafenbahnhof: built from 1928 to 1933 instead of two previous buildings and converted into the Zeppelin Museum between 1994 and 1996 , rare evidence of the new architecture on Lake Constance
  • Zeppelindorf: As early as 1913, Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin had set up the “Zeppelin Wohlfahrt GmbH”, a comprehensive and exemplary social work that helped shape Zeppelin's corporate culture. In order to create living space, the Zeppelindorf was built between 1914 and 1919 according to plans by the Stuttgart architects Paul Bonatz and Friedrich Eugen Scholer. It has been a listed building since 1991.
  • Rathaus Friedrichshafen: 1954-1956, designed by Wilhelm Tiedje and Ludwig Hilmar cress built
  • Residential building, 1915: "Villa Winz" Paul Bonatz built
  • Villa Niederberger : at Schmidstrasse 3 is a listed expressionist house
  • Villa Wagner : Listed villa in column stone
  • Lookout tower : built in 2000 at the harbor
  • The petrol station in Werastrasse was built in 1950 by the German-American Petroleum Society (DAPG) . The clinker building with a typical flat roof is still recognizable today as a former gas station. There are only two examples of this architectural style left in the entire Lake Constance district; both petrol stations are cultural monuments.
Bird fountain in the city garden

Art in public space (selection)

Friedrichshafen: Buchhorn fountain frontal

In front of the town hall is the Buchhorn fountain designed by Gernot Rumpf with grotesque sculptures, which among other things reminds of the renaming of Buchhorn to Friedrichshafen in 1811.

Regular events

With almost 300 cultural events per year, the Friedrichshafen Cultural Office offers an extensive cultural program for a city of this size. The main venues are the Graf-Zeppelin-Haus, the Kiesel in k42 , the Fischbach train station and the Kulturufer tent festival . The events have a total of around 60,000 visitors each year, almost 5,000 of them by subscription.

Arrival of the sea ​​hare by ship
Seegockel at the carnival parade

Friedrichshafen has a number of town and local festivals that are held annually. Since 1985, the Kulturufer has taken place at the beginning of the summer holidays , a ten-day tent festival on the shores directly on Lake Constance. Well-known and lesser-known artists and groups from all over the world perform in the tents and on the waterfront. The performances range from music events to cabaret, drama and dance to readings, acrobatics and street theater. There is also a daily theater program for children in the tent. The action meadow also offers a program for children, the whey a special offer for young people. The Kulturufer is organized by the Culture Office and the Office for Family, Youth and Social Affairs. The Schwäbische Zeitung also offers a “newspaper workshop” for children and young people, who can get a taste of the world of journalism with reports they have written themselves. On average, the Kulturufer draws around 70,000 visitors to the lake.

One of the most famous and oldest festivals in Friedrichshafen is the Seehasenfest , a children's and local festival that has been taking place since the post-war period.

The city's culinary festival has also been held in the summer holidays since 1997 . Various catering companies in the area offer delicacies of different nationalities. In the evening, the international flair is rounded off by a musical supporting program.

Friedrichshafen belongs to the dialect area of Lake Constance Alemannic . The carnival in Friedrichshafen is celebrated according to Swabian-Alemannic tradition. The oldest evidence of such an event in the town of Buchhorn dates back to 1569. After the Second World War, the carnival was revived. It was then that the oldest mask, the Buchhorn witch, was created . The popular sea ​​rooster followed three years later , both figures from the guild of fools of the same name . The process in Friedrichshafen concentrates on the time from Gumpigen Thursday , when the school and town hall storms take place, to the traditional “Kehraus” on Carnival Tuesday at midnight. The highlights are the “Citizens Ball” in the Graf-Zeppelin-Haus and the parade .

The international theater festival “Theatertage am See” has been taking place since 1993 at the Bodenseeschule St. Martin. Within a few years, the festival became a popular meeting place for the amateur theater scene beyond Europe's borders. The annual event is highly regarded worldwide and is one of the largest annual theater education events in Europe.

The Lake Constance Festival, the international city festival and the Christkindlesmarkt are other events in the city.

"Kulturhaus Caserne"

The Kulturhaus Caserne is located in the western part of the city, in the Fallenbrunnen. The name Caserne refers to the original use of the building. The premises were built between 1937 and 1943 as flak barracks.

The Friedrichshafen cultural scene is partly determined by the Culturverein Caserne eV, founded in 2002, or by its work and what it offers. The association is financed by its members and the city administration. In addition to theater and cabaret , various music events take place in the T heater atrium . The English-speaking amateur theater group Bodensee Players eV, which largely consists of native speakers, has become an essential part of the cultural association. The studio17, a cinema with 88 seats, shows whether in its own premises or in the open air , above all alternative cinema films.

There is a restaurant in the former team casino of the French garrison. At the end of 1996 the Club Metropol was set up as a disco and concert hall. For three years it has been extensively rebuilt and expanded due to the strong popularity. In 1997 the groove box was set up, in which mainly house and jazz are played.

Graf Zeppelin House

Graf Zeppelin House

The Graf-Zeppelin-Haus (short: GZH) is the culture and congress center of the city of Friedrichshafen. At a citizens' meeting in 1964, the idea of ​​erecting such a building became public for the first time. For such a project, the vacant property on the western promenade next to the marina appeared to be the ideal location. After many years of deliberation, the local council decided in October 1978 to give the planning order to open the house in October 1985. The team of architects Breuning / Büchin from Stuttgart created a building with low façades that matched the landscape and are largely made of glass.

The tasks of the house can be roughly divided into two categories: on the one hand, it serves as a cultural citizens' center for the residents of the region, and on the other hand, in addition to the trade fair, as a congress and conference center for associations, companies and institutions. The "Hugo-Eckener-Saal" offers up to 1300 places on an area of ​​(including extension and gallery) 1300 m². This is also where the more important cultural events (concerts, theater performances, etc.) take place. The GZH also houses eight smaller halls and conference rooms as well as two restaurants, a café and an underground car park.

Cultural center K42

The K42 and a typical city play device

The K42 has existed since 2006 (at Karlstraße 42), located in the former building of the Kreissparkasse Friedrichshafen (KSK) directly at the harbor. A new bank building was built here in 1973 after the Salzstadel was demolished in 1967. However, due to the amalgamation of various savings banks in the Lake Constance area, a larger administration building was required. After the KSK moved out in 2002, the former bank and administration building stood empty. In 2004 the local council decided to convert the building into a combined business and media house according to the plans of a project group. After a partial completion of the building work, a large bookstore opened there on November 2, 2006. A café-restaurant has been located in the front part of the building since the beginning of 2007; A textile department store opened in the middle part of the building on March 1, 2007, and the city library - now known as the “Medienhaus am See” - has been open to the public at this location since the following day.

The Kiesel event room, which was also opened in March 2007 and offers space for around 100 spectators, is an architectural one-off . A modern program is offered on the studio stage from the start. The focus is on drama, children's and youth theater (including a theater-pedagogical offer) and readings. Concerts are also played and radio plays and films are presented; there is also puppet theater for adults, dance and video performances in the Kiesel. In 2009, the Kulturbüro was awarded the “Assitej Organizer Prize” for its Kiesel program in the field of children's and youth theater.

Film days

Since 2009 the Kulturbüro Friedrichshafen has organized an annual film festival lasting several days , entitled “Now or Never”. Short films (including experimental films and animated films) and documentaries - occasionally also films with German premieres - will be shown that were made by young directors from German-speaking countries in the previous two years. The film festival is particularly attractive for young filmmakers. In 2018, more than 300 films were submitted for viewing. All films are shown in the approximately 100-seat cinema of Medienhaus Kiesel . Directly afterwards, the individual filmmakers are often available for discussions with the audience. In 2019, the film days will take place from February 22nd to 25th, 2019.

Sports

volleyball

The VfB Friedrichshafen successfully takes this half of the volleyball league and the Champions League in part. Founded in 1969, VfB was promoted to the first Bundesliga for the first time in 1981. After the third promotion in 1987 (since then continuously in the first Bundesliga) he was 13 times DVV Cup winner and 13 times German champion, eight times VfB was able to secure the double (as of 2016). On April 1, 2007, VfB wrote European volleyball history: VfB Friedrichshafen was the first German volleyball team to win the Champions League - and thus secured the historic triple (first club in all of Europe) from cup, championship and Champions League. The volleyball home games have been played in the ZF Arena since 2003 .

lacrosse

In 2011, two students from Zeppelin University founded the first lacrosse team in Friedrichshafen. Since then, the team has been established in the Bundesliga South. It consists of pupils, workers and students. There is both a men's and a women's team. The sport is played on the grounds of VfB Friedrichshafen. The Zeppelin University University Sports Club is responsible.

badminton

The badminton department of VfB, founded in 1953, played in the regional league in the 2010/2011 season. In 2006/2007 the first team was promoted to the first Bundesliga as champions of the second Bundesliga south.

sailing

The Württemberg Yacht Club Friedrichshafen e. V. (WYC) is another of the city's sports clubs. It was founded in 1911 by King Wilhelm II , and construction of the marina began in the same year. The history of the WYC and its regatta, the Lake Constance Week, was also influenced by the two world wars. It was not until 1951 that regattas were resumed. The international successes of some club members are sporting highlights: in 1976 the brothers Jörg and Eckart Diesch became Olympic champions in the Flying Dutchman off Kingston (Canada), in 1978 Albert and Rudolf Batzill sailed the world championship in the Flying Dutchman off Hayling Island . After 20 years of planning, the new marina was built and inaugurated in 1992. In 1999 the club had over 1000 members.

Soccer

The first team in the football department of VfB Friedrichshafen currently plays in the regional league. In 2009/2010 she made a "guest appearance" in the association league, but was immediately relegated.

During the 2006 World Cup , Friedrichshafen was the headquarters of the Iranian national team (the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Japan, Slovakia and Russia had also shown interest). The team chose the “Krone” ring hotel in Schnetzenhausen as their team quarters , and they trained in the VfB stadium in the north of the city.

karate

In Friedrichshafen, the former taught Karate - Germany coach Toni Dietl . He built one of the largest karate dōjō in Germany in the Friedrichshafen sports park. With over 1000 students, it also has one of the largest karate schools in Germany. He developed the samurai kids teaching system , as well as the junior dan and the sound karate system.

Cycling

In 2002 and 2005, Friedrichshafen was the destination of the fifth and the starting point of the sixth stage of the then Germany Tour . Friedrichshafen is home to six cycling clubs: "RRMV Friedrichshafen" for artificial cycling, "RSV Immergrün" from Ailingen for cycling ball, "RSV Seerose", ADFC Friedrichshafen section, Radfreunde Friedrichshafen and the Freundeskreis Uphill (organizer of the German championship 2011 and 2012, as well as operator and project manager of the Stoppomat ).

swim

The active members of the Friedrichshafen 1932 eV swimming club train regularly alongside the DLRG Friedrichshafen local group in the Friedrichshafen indoor swimming pool. They were able to record successes both at regional level and in international competitions.

Umbrella clubs

In addition to its main areas of football and volleyball, VfB Friedrichshafen also has a ski and mountain sports department due to its proximity to the Alps . In addition to soccer and beach volleyball, TSG Ailingen also covers skiing and gymnastics.

Personalities

Honorary citizen

The city of Friedrichshafen and the earlier municipalities have granted the following people honorary citizenship: Adolf Hitler's honorary citizenship was only revoked in November 2013.

Friedrichshafen
Former municipality of Ailingen
  • 1867: Franz Josef Schaffrath, teacher, sacristan, organist
  • 1865: Josef Wieland, former mayor
Former municipality of Ettenkirch
  • 1933: Paul von Hindenburg , President of the Reich (symbolically denied in 2013)
  • 1933: Wilhelm Schütterle, community caretaker
Former municipality of Kluftern
  • 1950: Heinrich Weißmann, clergyman
  • 1963: Josef Braun, manufacturer
  • 1964: Emil Higelin, pastor

Daughters and sons of the city

Personalities with a connection to the city

literature

  • Martin Ebner: The denazification of Zeppelin, Maybach, Dornier & Co. Master's thesis, University of Konstanz 1996.
  • Ernst Haller: Mills - in and around Friedrichshafen. Verlag Robert Gessler, Friedrichshafen 2010, ISBN 978-3-86136-138-1 .
  • Ernst Haller: Seewein - The history of viticulture in and around Friedrichshafen. Robert Gessler Verlag, Friedrichshafen 2005, ISBN 3-86136-099-3 .
  • Ernst Haller: Carnival times. Customs from Buchhorn to Friedrichshafen. Association for the care of the people of Friedrichshafen e. V., 1997.
  • Erich Keyser (Ed.): Friedrichshafen, Tettnang district. In: German city book. Volume 4.2 Sub-Volume Baden-Württemberg: Württemberg City Book. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1961.
  • Fritz Maier: Friedrichshafen. Robert Gessler Verlag, Friedrichshafen.
    • Vol. 1: The history of the city up to the beginning of the 20th century. 1983, ISBN 3-922137-22-9 .
    • Vol. 2: The history of the city from the beginning of the 20th century to the end of the Second World War. 1994, ISBN 3-922137-46-6 .
    • Vol. 3: City history (s) - memories of the day before yesterday and yesterday. From the post-war period to the beginning of the 21st century. 2004, ISBN 3-86136-085-3 .
  • Johann Daniel Georg von Memminger: Description of the Oberamt Tettnang. Cotta, Stuttgart / Tübingen 1838 ( full text at Wikisource ).
  • Hans Schlieper: Railway trajectories across the Rhine and Lake Constance. Alba Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2009, ISBN 978-3-87094-369-1 .
  • Siegfried Seibold: My Path - War and Post-War Period 1939–1955. Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge, Kassel 2012 (eyewitness report Second World War and afterwards in Friedrichshafen).

Web links

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Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. State Development Plan 2002 Baden-Württemberg , p. A23
  3. Ingrid Bauz, Sigrid Brüggemann, Roland Maier (eds.): The Secret State Police in Württemberg and Hohenzollern. Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 3-89657-138-9 , pp. 100-108, 412 f.
  4. ^ O. Burger: The external commandos of the Dachau concentration camp on Lake Constance. ( Memento from June 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Reinhold Mann: WG Sebald and the aerial warfare - an exhibition in Marbach and new books on the subject. Telling, inventing, remembering. In: Schwäbische Zeitung from November 25, 2008
  6. Martin Ebner: The denazification of Zeppelin, Maybach, Dornier & Co. Master's thesis, University of Konstanz, 1996.
  7. ^ Franz-Josef Sehr : Europe is on the move . In: fire protection - German fire brigade newspaper 1/1990 . W. Kohlhammer, 1990, ISSN  0006-9094 , ZDB -ID 240087-X , p. 46 .
  8. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 534 .
  9. Churches continue to lose believers
  10. ^ City of Friedrichshafen Religion -in%, 2011 census
  11. ^ Wunibald Reiner: St. Nikolaus, Friedrichshafen. Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2004, ISBN 3-7954-5548-0 .
  12. Martin Ebner: The denazification of Zeppelin, Maybach, Dornier & Co. Master's thesis, University of Konstanz, 1996.
  13. http://wahlen11.rz-kiru.de/08435016W/gw2019gr.html
  14. State Gazette No. 13 of April 9, 2009, page 10
  15. [1] Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  16. ZF Friedrichshafen AG: Annual Report 2014 ( Memento from July 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 5.4 MB) Retrieved on April 13, 2015.
  17. ^ Museum database Art and Culture: School Museum ( Memento from September 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  18. ^ Michael Holzmann: Museum tradition in Friedrichshafen. The old Bodensee Museum . In: Lutz Tittel (Ed.): 25 years of the art collection at the Städtisches Bodensee-Museum Friedrichshafen 1957–1982 . Friedrichshafen 1982, pp. 6-19.
  19. Memorial sites for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation. Vol. I. Bonn 1995, ISBN 3-89331-208-0 , p. 35 f.
  20. ^ Commemorative plaque from the city of Friedrichshafen to the “Swiss Children” from June 21, 2003 on the harbor side of the Zeppelin Museum.
  21. Kulturbüro Friedrichshafen: Friedrichshafen Film Festival. 2018, accessed October 27, 2018 .
  22. ^ Kulturbüro Friedrichshafen: Now or never - Friedrichshafen Film Festival. 2018, accessed October 27, 2018 .
  23. http://www.karate-team.de/ Retrieved July 19, 2015
  24. [2] German championship mountain 2011
  25. ^ List of honorary citizens . City of Friedrichshafen, accessed on July 18, 2020 .