|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|County :||Lake Constance district|
|Height :||453 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||40.91 km 2|
|Residents:||14,031 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||343 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88677|
|Area code :||07544|
|License plate :||FN, TT, ÜB|
|Community key :||08 4 35 034|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Georg Riedmann ( CDU )|
|Location of the town of Markdorf in the Lake Constance district|
Tourists describe the city as the “Pearl of Linzgau ” or “Balcony to Lake Constance”. The Gehrenberg region, of which it is the center, is advertised with: “Here the lake is - by far - the most beautiful” - a slogan that alludes to Lake Constance , which is about six kilometers to the south .
In the 409.2 hectare urban area there are two nature and landscape protection areas ( Hepbacher-Leimbacher Ried and Markdorfer Eisweiher ), the Gehrenberg forest and a single natural monument (as of May 30, 2009).
The nearest cities in the wider area are Friedrichshafen in the southeast, Meersburg in the southwest and Ravensburg in the northeast.
In addition to the core town of Markdorf (including the villages and hamlets of Bergheim , Fitzenweiler, Gehrenberg, Möggenweiler and Wangen ), Markdorf consists of the suburbs of Ittendorf (with the hamlets of Bürgberg, Hundweiler, Reute and Wirrensegel ) and Riedheim (including the villages and hamlets of Gangenweiler , Hepbach , Leimbach and Stadel ).
|coat of arms||district||Residents||surface|
|Markdorf (core town)||10,222||1,162 ha|
monthly mean values for Markdorf, 1961 to 1990
Source: DWD Climate Data Germany
The city was first mentioned in a document in 817, when Emperor Ludwig the Pious made a donation to the St. Gallen monastery . The granting of city rights took place around the year 1250; The city therefore celebrated its 750th anniversary in 2000. The expansion of the city was promoted by the Lords of Markdorf from the 12th to the 14th century , before it flourished under the rule of the Constance bishops , mainly thanks to wine growing .
The Thirty Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars , in particular , took their toll. Only a few decades later, on the night of July 10th to 11th, 1842, the great fire of Markdorf followed, leaving 349 residents, especially in the eastern part of the city, homeless. In addition to the upper town, the roof of the steeple of the Catholic parish church of St. Nicholas burned down , so that the nine bells fell into the depths. In the post-war period up to 1964, the custom of ringing the town hall bell on July 11th was still observed in memory of the Great Fire . In March 1845 the church tower was rebuilt in the shape of an octagon .
In 1901, Markdorf in Baden was finally connected to the Imperial German railway network by the Stahringen – Friedrichshafen railway. On December 22nd, 1939, a passenger train between Markdorf and Kluftern near Lipbach collided head-on and unbraked with a freight train on this single-track line . 101 people died in the rubble .
In the 1960s and 1970s there was strong growth in the city, in particular due to the large number of commuters who worked in Friedrichshafen companies. In 1964, the 400-year-old town hall was destroyed by fire and water in a fire. The tower of the St. Nicholas Church was rebuilt in 1966 in its old design with four gables, which means that it is 68 m higher than the church tower before the Great Fire, about 8 m higher.
In 1967 the new town hall was inaugurated at the old site. In 1974 the town twinning between the Alsatian town of Ensisheim and the town of Markdorf was established.
In the course of the community reform , the formerly independent communities Riedheim (March 1, 1972) and Ittendorf (April 1, 1972) were incorporated into the town of Markdorf, which led to a sharp increase in the population.
The town of Markdorf and the districts of Ittendorf and Riedheim belonged to the district of Überlingen until December 31, 1972 .
After the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the distribution of seats was as follows:
|Environment group (UWG)||32.9%||8 seats||+ 1|
|FWV||23.9%||6 seats||- 1|
|CDU||27.2%||7 seats||± 0|
|SPD||11.0%||3 seats||± 0|
|FDP||5.9%||1 seat||+ 1|
Georg Riedmann has been the mayor since he took office on September 23, 2013. The former head of the Donaueschingen Cultural Office was elected in the second ballot on June 30, 2013 with 53.5% of the vote and sworn in on October 16, 2013. He is married and has three children.
His predecessor Bernd Gerber ( FWV ) followed Eugen Baur in 1991, who switched to the private sector after 16 years in office. Gerber was re-elected to office in 1999 and 2007, and resigned prematurely in 2013.
- 1945–1957: Leo Bürkle (1924–1938: Markdorfer Ratsschreiber; 1923–1938: conductor of the city band)
- 1957–1975: Gerhard Thiede
- 1975–1991: Eugen Baur
- 1991–2013: Bernd Gerber
- since 2013: Georg Riedmann
Mayors of the former communities of Ittendorf and Riedheim were Josef Lang and Josef Lohr until the community reform.
Local government association
coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold, an eight-spoke red wheel without rims."
The city was founded in the 13th century by the Lords of Markdorf. The coat of arms of this noble family , which died out around the middle of the 14th century, adorns the seals of the city, which at the time belonged to the Bishop of Constance , which have been documented in impressions since 1414 . Thus the original coat of arms, which shows a mill wheel deviating from the usual heraldic form , has become the city coat of arms. While the oldest seal still depicts a twelve-spoke wheel, which can also be viewed as a stylized sun, seven curved blades of a mill wheel can be recognized in a seal from the 16th century. After 1895 the wheel shape from the oldest seal of the Lords of Markdorf (1236) prevailed.
The mill wheel can also be found in a modified form in the coat of arms of the Lake Constance district, which took it over from the Markdorf coat of arms in 1976, three years after the district reform .
Culture and sights
Markdorf is located on the Upper Swabian Baroque Road and the Upper Swabian Way of St. James from Ulm to Constance. From Mark village there are still 2,364 kilometers to the finish of the Camino de Santiago in Spanish Santiago de Compostela .
The third and fourth stage of the Jubiläumsweg Bodenseekreis , a 111-kilometer hiking trail that was signposted in 1998 to mark the 25th anniversary of the Bodenseekreis, begins at Markdorf train station . In six stages, it leads through the hinterland of Lake Constance from Kressbronn via Neukirch , Meckenbeuren , Markdorf, Heiligenberg and Owingen to Überlingen .
Theater and cinema
The Wirtshaus am Gehrenberg with the nationally known theaters since 1982. Initially pure cabaret stage , concerts and a cinema were added over the years. (Well-known cabaret artists and comedians such as Michael Mittermeier or Django Asül have already performed.)
The Stadtgalerie Markdorf shows changing exhibitions.
- Core city with a historic old town
- Catholic parish church St. Nikolaus (Gothic church from 1370 with protective jacket chapel from 1660 and high altar from 1871)
- Heilig-Geist-Spital with St. Peter and Paul Hospital Church (baroque church from 1689 to 1700)
- Chapel of St. Mauritius Outside the Walls (medieval building with frescoes from the 15th century, modified in Baroque style in 1771)
- Evangelical Church (neo-Gothic church from 1897) with an organ from the Harald Rapp organ building workshop
- Bishop's Palace , former summer residence of the Prince-Bishops of Constance. It was built in its current form in 1510, rebuilt in 1735, renovated and largely modernized inside in 1983, was a hotel for a long time. Plans to move the town hall into the bishop's palace were overturned by a referendum in 2018.
- Latschebrunnen at Latscheplatz (with life-size bronze figures)
- Gehrenbergturm (on the Gehrenberg , municipality of Deggenhausertal , but belongs to the town of Markdorf; iron observation tower, built in 1903 as Grand Duke-Friedrich -Warte ). In good weather, it offers an excellent view far across Lake Constance to the Bavarian, Austrian and Swiss Alps.
- There is a field cross in the south of the city. It was initiated by Ernst Arnegger as a small memorial and made from a ton of steel by the Meckenbeurer art blacksmith Hafen.
- Medieval city fortifications
- The witch tower was built in the 13th century and secured the city to the south. The handicraft museum is located on the upper floors.
- Obertor (built 1534)
- The lower gate was part of the former city fortifications. The archway is Romanesque, the stepped gable Gothic.
- In the districts
- Catholic parish church St. Jodokus , Bergheim (medieval tower, historicist church from 1876 with neo-Gothic furnishings)
- Catholic parish church St. Sigismund , Hepbach (historicist church from 1853 with neo-Gothic furnishings)
- Catholic parish church St. Martin , Ittendorf (baroque church from 1660 to 1680 with late baroque furnishings)
- Trinity Chapel , Breitenbach (late Gothic, Romanesque core, consecrated 1521)
- Hochkreuz Chapel between Riedheim and Bergheim (built in 1688, consecrated in 1696, expanded and refurbished in 1894)
- Konrad Chapel, Wangen (built in 1776)
- Wolfgang Chapel, Möggenweiler (first mentioned in 1450, with pieces of equipment from several centuries)
- Ittendorf Castle (built 1671–1677 in place of an earlier castle for Einsiedeln Abbey )
- Historic water reservoir (1903–1904), Möggenweiler
- Burgstall Burgberg , a medieval castle stable overbuilt with agricultural buildings
- The Hansafüratle is an old Markdorf traditional event that is held by children every year on June 24th, St. John's Day.
- The city festival, at which clubs serve
- Dixiefest with live music all over the city center - end of May
- Elisabethenmarkt (fair) - beginning of November (usually the weekend before St. Martin's Day )
- Experimental art biennial in the city gallery
- The Swabian-Alemannic carnival , which is rung in on Epiphany at 12 o'clock with the traditional snap of Karbatschen -Schnellern.
There are around 120 associations in Markdorf, such as the historical fools' guild, TV Markdorf, SC Markdorf, Stadtkapelle Markdorf, the art association, the glider pilots or the model making association.
Economy and Infrastructure
The business location Markdorf is characterized by agriculture , especially fruit and wine growing , outside the city . Tourism and local recreation are also important economic factors. 4,800 jobs in local companies reflect Markdorf's economic strength. Today, the city sees itself as an innovation-promoting location for trade , craft , trade and industry and is also the residence of many commuters who work in the surrounding economic centers of Friedrichshafen and Ravensburg . Commercial areas close to the city are “Schießstattäcker”, “Riedwiesen” and “Negelsee”. The largest companies in Markdorf include Weber Automotive GmbH (automotive supplier and manufacturer of engines and components), J. Wagner GmbH and TechniData AG (takeover by their partner SAP in the third quarter of 2010) as well as plants from companies such as Alpla (worldwide for the market leaders in the field of plastic packaging) and Conti Temic .
The family company Arnold Holstein , founded in 1959, produces distillery and distillation systems for well-known spirits producers all over the world. There are a total of 101 small burners in the Markdorf area (as of December 2011).
Markdorf is connected by the Deutsche Bahn AG through the Bodenseegürtelbahn . Coming from Lake Constance, the city can be reached via the B 33 from Meersburg , further to Ravensburg . 25,000 vehicles pass through the city every day.
The Südkurier runs a local editorial office in Markdorf.
In addition to Überlingen, Friedrichshafen and Tettnang, Markdorf is the only town in the Lake Constance district with a full school program including the Werkrealschule. The city has several and varied educational institutions such as the Markdorf Educational Center (BZM), which has been in existence since 1967 , which includes secondary and technical secondary schools, a secondary school and a grammar school , as well as elementary schools. The Justus von Liebig School in Überlingen has a branch in Markdorf. The music school Raumschaft Markdorf trains not only local students but also children from Bermatingen, Deggenhausertal, Kluftern and other neighboring communities in the field of music.
Honorary ring bearer of the city of Markdorf
- 1976: Karl Konradin Lang (1911–2003), chief physician in the former city hospital, specialist in plastic surgery, scientist and author
- Gerhard Thiede, former mayor
- 2013: Bernd Gerber
sons and daughters of the town
- Adelheid von Markdorf (before 1267–1303), abbess, Buchau women's monastery
- Jakob Gretser (1562–1625), Jesuit , philologist, historian and playwright; the local elementary school is named after him
- Wunibald Waibel (1600–1658), abbot, Ochsenhausen Imperial Abbey
- Ignaz Valentin Heggelin (1738–1801), Catholic theologian
- Ferdinand Samuel Laur (1791–1854), Baden-Swiss composer, conductor, choir director and music teacher
- Ludwig Armbruster (1886–1973), zoologist and apologist
- Stefanie Roeger (1904–1992), politician ( CDU ), MdL Baden-Württemberg
- Josef Vogt (1908–1996), politician (CDU), MdL Baden and MdL Baden-Württemberg
- Ernst Arnegger (* 1944), politician (CDU), MdL Baden-Württemberg
- Dieter Hillebrand (* 1951), politician (CDU), MdL Baden-Württemberg
People who lived on site
- Hans Beck (1929–2009), inventor and “father” of Playmobil
- Ralf Regitz (1964–2011), techno pioneer, concert organizer and club operator as well as co-organizer of the Love Parade
- Fritz Spannagel (1891–1957), carpenter, architect, university professor and author
- Manfred Ill, Hermann Zitzlsperger, Gisela Bachmann, Eugen Baur et al .: Markdorf: Past and Present , ed. v. the city of Markdorf, Kehrer, Freiburg i. Breisgau 1994, ISBN 3-923937-83-0 .
- Manfred Ill: Markdorf - Pictures from the good old days , H. Zanker, Markdorf 1978.
- Manfred Ill: Markdorf - Images of a City in Transition (1890–1930) , H. Zanker, Markdorf 1993.
- Hasso Prahl: The constitution and administration of the town of Markdorf in Linzgau , W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1965 (published by the commission for historical regional studies in Baden-Württemberg, series B, volume 34).
- Maximilian Wetzel: Markdorf in words and pictures , Konstanz 1910 (reprint, H. Zanker, Markdorf).
- Franz-Xaver Staiger: Meersburg on Lake Constance, then the town of Markdorf ... , Stadler, Konstanz 1861.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Winfried Thum (thu): Markdorf. On the sunny side of the Gehrenberg . In: The region introduces itself. We are here . Special supplement to Südkurier from November 19, 2010, p. 16.
- Data & facts on the website of the city of Markdorf, accessed on May 29, 2015.
- Ittendorf on the website of the city of Markdorf, accessed on May 29, 2015.
- Riedheim on the website of the city of Markdorf, accessed on May 29, 2015.
- German Weather Service
- The unforgotten horror of one night , Badische Zeitung, December 15, 2009, accessed on September 17, 2013.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 503 .
- Result of municipal council elections Markdorf 2019
- Christiane Keutner: Money passed by creditors . In: Südkurier from October 8, 2005.
- Siegfried Amann, Eugen Baur: This is my story , Südkurier from March 6, 2004; Christian Gerards, Markdorf's ex-mayor Gerhard Thiede, was already in the Third Reich at Schultes , Schwäbische Zeitung, March 21, 2013.
- Andreas Lang: White heralds a change of office . In: Südkurier of September 18, 2004.
- Plaque witch tower
- Plaque under the gate tower
- TechniData - News: SAP completes acquisition of TechniData , September 29, 2010
- Südkurier-Grafik: Orlowski (source: Hauptzollamt Ulm: number of small burners ) / Hanspeter Walter: The old monopoly is running out . In: Südkurier of December 17, 2011.
- A great doctor and man . In: Südkurier of September 3, 2003.
- glittering party: Markdorf pays tribute to outgoing mayor Bernd Gerber . In: Südkurier of July 26, 2013.