|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|County :||Lake Constance district|
|Height :||535 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||36.73 km 2|
|Residents:||4351 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||118 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88696|
|Primaries :||07551, 07557|
|License plate :||FN, TT, ÜB|
|Community key :||08 4 35 047|
|LOCODE :||DE 82G|
|Community structure:||4 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Henrik Wengert|
|Location of the community of Owingen in the Lake Constance district|
Hohenbodman lies on a spur above the Aachtal .
|coat of arms||District||Population (December 31, 2006)||surface|
|Owingen (core town)||2948||1611 ha|
The first documented mention of Owingen is in the Petershauser Chronik from 1134. The area was already settled by the Alemanni in the 5th century . The district of Taisersdorf was first mentioned in 1155.
Over the following centuries, there was a close, if not always smooth connection with the Salem Monastery , to which the village had been subordinate since 1324. During the Thirty Years' War Owingen was destroyed by the Swedes in 1634 and looted by the French in 1643. With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and the secularization of the Reichsstift Salem Owingen became Baden . During the revolution in May 1849 Owingen made weapons and soldiers available to the Baden vigilante group.
see also Burgstall Waldburg
The community coped well with the structural change after the Second World War and has increased its population approximately sixfold to this day. In the 1960s Owingen was one of the first communities outside the larger towns on Lake Constance to have its own sewer system with a sewage treatment plant.
The community became known internationally through the plane collision in Überlingen on July 1, 2002. In the airspace over Owingen, a Bashkirian Airlines passenger plane (flight 2937) collided with a DHL cargo plane (flight 611). 71 people died in the accident, including many children who wanted to travel to Spain.
Owingen and the three incorporated towns previously belonged to the Überlingen district , which was dissolved on January 1, 1973.
- 1945: 670 inhabitants
- 1961: 1,661 inhabitants, 360 in Billafingen, 195 in Hohenbodman, 897 in Owingen and 209 in Taisersdorf
- 1970: 2,233 inhabitants, 401 of them in Billafingen, 230 in Hohenbodman, 1378 in Owingen and 224 in Taisersdorf
- 1991: 3,509 inhabitants
- 1995: 3,829 inhabitants
- 2005: 4,105 inhabitants
- 2010: 4,226 inhabitants
- 2015: 4,246 inhabitants
- 1831-1842: Fidel Endres
- 1842–1869: Johann Storck
- 1870–1874: Josef Keller
- 1874–1896: Josef Endres
- 1896–1904: Gerhard Gams
- 1904–1929: Wilhelm Endres
- 1929–1945: Karl Mayer
- 1946: Edwin Lutz
- 1946–1969: Josef Fischer
- 1969–2001: Karl-Friedrich Reiner
- 2001–2009: Günther Former
- October 2009 – January 2010 Rudolf Fischer
- since 2010: Henrik Wengert
The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 25, 2014 led to the following official final result.
|Parties and constituencies||
|FWV||Free electoral association||58.9||9||54.9||10|
|BWG||Civil voter community||28.9||5||30.8||5|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||12.2||2||14.4||2|
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved by the district on May 19, 1981.
Blazon : "In gold an eight-spoke, eight-blade red mill wheel."
In the 19th century, a color stamp showed the image of the agricultural implements scythe and rake crossed at an angle behind a grain sheaf. Based on a proposal from the General State Archives in 1902, the municipality adopted the current coat of arms. It is intended to refer to the Owingen mill, which was sold in 1207 by Elisabeth von Owingen and her sons to the Salem monastery. The Baden coat of arms colors red and gold are a reminder that the Margraves of Baden had possessions there before 1200.
Culture and sights
The originality of Owingen is mainly due to the preservation of the historical building fabric - there are many houses in the old style, so that the historical townscape was preserved. A well-marked network of cycle paths creates close proximity to Lake Constance. The Jubiläumsweg Bodenseekreis and the Linzgauer Jakobsweg ( Via Beuronensis ) also run through the municipality .
The Owingen Lyrikweg , created for “ trains of thought around Owingen”, leads as a circular route in about one and a half hours of walking from the starting point at the Owingen town hall to lookout points in the center of the village. Along the way, seven poetry steles by the Owingen poet Gisela Munz-Schmidt invite you to reflect.
There are several nature and landscape protection areas in the municipal area, including the Sielmann pond in the Billafingen district . The pond has three small islands and thus offers protected breeding opportunities for numerous bird species.
In the district of Billafingen there is also a village and nature trail with 33 stations.
- From 1771 to 1826, the Lugenhof was an official post and relay station of the Austrian Post on the Vienna – Freiburg long-distance route. Since the Oberamt Stockach was one of the central properties of Austria, the post office was opened in 1777 as the “Vorderösterreichische Postanstalt in the Reichsabtei Salmansweiler”. The Lugenhof was the traffic junction for the post roads in east-west and north-south directions. Most of the Breisgau also belonged to Upper Austria at that time, and the station was a resting place and resting place for travelers from Freiburg to Vienna. Here the post horses were re-harnessed and passengers found a hostel. Today's inn has its origins in this time. Initially owned by the Imperial Abbey of Salem , the Lugenhof passed to the Margrave of Baden in 1803 with the secularization . Its importance as a post office waned when traffic shifted to the road from Stockach via Owingen to Salem in the 1820s. Between 1905 and 1987 the Lugenhof was run as a farm before Max Markgraf von Baden made the property and land available for a golf course. With an extensive renovation and modernization of the listed building stock, the Lugenhof and the golf course became the property of the Owingen-Überlingen e. V over.
- The Markuskapelle with a bell from 1751 is located in the district of Taisersdorf.
- Hohenbodman Castle was built in the 11th century, the still-preserved keep of which is the symbol of the municipality and serves as a lookout tower.
- To the north-east of Owingen, near the courtyard of the houses, lies the Kaplinz castle stables, which were probably early medieval .
- The Burgstall Waldburg is located near the hamlet of Wilder .
- Another castle stable is located at Schloßbühl near Owingen.
In Owingen there is the pear variety garden with 300 pear varieties that are threatened with extinction.
- Swabian-Alemannic carnival with the “Owinger Witches”, the “Owinger Nebelspaltern”, the “Steinbockzunft Taisersdorf”, the “Narrengesellschaft Billafingen” (with the fool's figure “Unicorn”) and the “Bodmer Trole”.
- Oktoberfest from the Musikverein Owingen in September
- Numerous garden festivals in summer in all districts
- Year-round events of the Owingen cultural group
There are two sports clubs in Owingen. The sports fans Owingen-Billafingen, which have a large football department, and the Owingen tennis club, plus there is a golf course. In the district of Taisersdorf, high-class wrestling has been practiced at KSV Linzgau Taisersdorf for decades.
Economy and Infrastructure
The up to the Second World War purely rural-crafted embossed community distinguishes itself in recent years mainly as holiday and tourist resort, but there are also some medium-sized companies in the manufacturing sector . There are 35 small burners in the community of Owingen (as of December 2011).
From Überlingen, which can be reached via the federal road 31 and by train, you can get to Owingen via the state road 195 or by bus. The community belongs to the Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund ( bodo ).
The fifth and sixth stage of the Jubiläumsweg , a 111-kilometer hiking trail that was signposted in 1998 to mark the 25th anniversary of the Lake Constance district, begins at Owingen Town Hall . It leads over six stages through the hinterland of Lake Constance from Kressbronn via Neukirch , Meckenbeuren , Markdorf , Heiligenberg and Owingen to Überlingen .
- Lambert Baiker, Swiss manufacturer who repeatedly supported his homeland financially.
Personalities who have worked on site
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Eva-Maria Bast: Owingen. "I feel right at home here" . In: The region introduces itself. We are here . Special supplement to Südkurier from November 19, 2010, p. 8.
- Owingen: 1611 ha 21 to 95 m²
- Billafingen: 917 ha 3 a 43 m²
- Hohenbodman: 811 ha 14 to 45 m²
- Taisersdorf 333 ha 44 to 80 m²
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 503 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 546 .
- State Statistical Office BW - Final results of the municipal council elections 2014 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- : Hans-Peter Walter (hpw): Junction for stagecoaches. In: Südkurier of September 9, 2010.
- Angelika Thiel: Taisersdorf back then. In: Südkurier of July 3, 2010.
- Franz Bohnstedt: The castle of Owingen. In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings , 79th year 1961, pp. 120–125 ( digitized version )
- Südkurier-Grafik: Orlowski / Source: Hauptzollamt Ulm: Number of small burners . In: Hanspeter Walter (hpw): The old monopoly is running out . In: Südkurier of December 17, 2011