Lake Constance district
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Region :||Lake Constance Upper Swabia|
|Administrative headquarters :||Friedrichshafen|
|Area :||664.81 km 2|
|Residents:||216,227 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||325 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||FN, TT, ÜB|
|Circle key :||08 4 35|
|Circle structure:||23 municipalities|
|Address of the
|District Administrator :||Lothar Wölfle ( CDU )|
|Location of the Lake Constance district in Baden-Württemberg|
The highest elevation with highest on the border with the Sigmaringen district.is the
It borders clockwise in the west, beginning with the districts of Konstanz , Sigmaringen and Ravensburg (all in Baden-Württemberg) and the Bavarian district of Lindau . In the south, Lake Constance forms the natural border with Austria ( Vorarlberg ) and Switzerland (cantons St. Gallen and Thurgau )
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2015.
In the Lake Constance district (as of October 19, 2011) 33 nature reserves with a total area of 1217.26 hectares (ha) are designated; this corresponds to a share of 1.83 percent of the area of the circle. In addition, there are 27 designated landscape protection areas (9114.64 ha; 13.71%), eleven FFH areas (3900.78 ha; 5.87%), three bird protection areas (882.98 ha), a protected forest (35.50 ha) , two protected forests (137.80 ha) as well as a total of 175 natural monuments (41.51 ha) and 4508 biotopes .
In the Lake Constance district, 29% of the area is forested. The forest consists of 60% conifers and 40% deciduous trees. 58% of the forest is privately owned.
The district of Tettnang emerged in 1934 from the old Württemberg Oberamt Tettnang , which was established in 1810. In 1938 the Tettnang district was renamed Friedrichshafen district , but later renamed again. The district of Überlingen was formed in 1936 through the merger of the Baden district offices of Überlingen and Pfullendorf , which were established in 1857 by merging several offices. With the district reform in 1973, the former Baden and Württemberg parts were combined into one district.
The new district initially consisted of 32 communities. The following communities were incorporated in the following years:
- April 1, 1974: Deisendorf to Überlingen
- July 1, 1974: Hödingen and Nesselwangen to Überlingen
- January 1, 1975: Hattenweiler , Heiligenberg and Wintersulgen combined to form the new community of Heiligenberg
- January 1, 1975: Billafingen to Owingen
- January 1, 1975: Beuren to Salem
- January 1, 1975: Bonndorf and Nussdorf to Überlingen
- 1975 Kau of Meckenbeuren according Tettnang umgemeindet
- In 1977, Elle Wade of Heiligenberg by Deggenhausertal umgemeindet
After the municipal reform has been completed, the Lake Constance district still comprises 23 municipalities, including five cities and of these two major district cities ( Friedrichshafen and Überlingen ). The largest city in the district is Friedrichshafen, the smallest municipality is Stetten .
The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).
The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the official final result shown in the diagrams.
- Results of previous district council elections
|Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||27.4||15th||36.0||20th||35.0||24||39.0||26th||42.1||25th||36.1||23||40.0||23|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||22.3||13||17.1||10||13.8||9||12.3||8th||10.0||6th||10.9||7th||9.6||6th|
|FW||Free voters Bodenseekreis||22.0||12||22.2||12||23.0||15th||22.1||14th||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||10.4||6th||13.4||8th||16.9||9||17.9||10||18.6||9||20.5||11||21.3||10|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.1||3||4.6||3||5.5||3||4.7||3||2.7||1||3.7||2||5.5||3|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||5.8||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|THE LEFT.||THE LEFT.||3.0||2||3.2||2||2.4||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|BÜB +||Citizens for Überlingen||0.6||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|BVÜOS||Civil administration community Überlingen-Owingen-Sipplingen||-||-||0.8||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Citizen||Citizens active Friedrichshafen||-||-||-||-||2.0||0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|ÖDP independents||Ecological Democratic Party and Independents||-||-||-||-||-||-||2.8||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Flat share||Electoral associations||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||23.4||14th||23.2||16||22.0||13|
- WG: Voter associations, as the results from 1989 to 1999 cannot be broken down into individual groups of voters.
The district administrator is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official .
The district administrators of the Tettnang district 1945–1972:
- 1945: Walter Bärlin (acting)
- 1945–1947: Konrad Stöhr (acting)
- 1947–1957: Emil Münch
- 1957–1972: Kurt Diez
The district administrators of the Überlingen district 1945–1972:
- 1945–1948: Franz Illner
- 1948–1949: Herbert Hassencamp-Fischer (as official administrator)
- 1949–1955: Georg Beck
- 1956–1972: Karl Schiess
The district administrators of the Lake Constance district since 1973:
- 1973–1979: Martin Herzog
- 1979–1985: Bernd Wiedmann
- 1985–2007: Siegfried Tann
- since 2007: Lothar Wölfle
coat of arms
The design of the Markdorf-born master painter and heraldist Herbert Vogel had previously distinguished itself from almost 600 designs in an ideas competition announced by the district council. Vogel describes the coat of arms as follows:
“The wheel is a symbol of unity, a symbol of a new circular consciousness. The corrugated shield base represents the width of the lake landscape. The circular wheel above the lake, like a "talking" coat of arms, is the play on words of the "Bodensee-Kreis". As a symbol of the sun, the golden wheel indicates the mild maritime climate, the heraldic color gold is reminiscent of the golden, billowing fields of wheat, of the golden-yellow ripening apples and grapes. The heraldic silver can point to the snow-capped peaks of the Alps that greet us.
The number of eight spokes symbolizes eight larger rivers and streams that cross the district: Argen, Schussen, Rotach, Brunisach, Lipbach, Deggenhauser Aach, Salemer Aach, Seefelder Aach.
There are also eight administrative communities in the district with headquarters in Friedrichshafen, Überlingen, Tettnang, Markdorf, Meersburg, Salem, Kressbronn and Heiligenberg.
The eight is also symbolic from a historical point of view, because eight centers have shaped and stimulated the development of culture, art, economy and society: The St. Gallen Monastery, the Counts of Heiligenberg , the Counts of Montfort-Tettnang, the Salem Imperial Abbey, the Weingarten Monastery, the Prince-Bishops of Constance, the Free Imperial City of Überlingen, Buchhorn-Friedrichshafen.
The wheel is also a symbol for the constantly turning wheel of history. In the new Lake Constance district, it has brought together essential parts of the old Linzgau, with whose historical tradition the new coat of arms is connected through the thousand-year-old spoked wheel of the knights of Raderach and Markdorf. "
The district coat of arms was awarded to the Lake Constance district after a decision by the district council of December 16, 1975 and the approval of the Stuttgart State Archives by the Tübingen regional council on February 27, 1976.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Lake Constance district is one of the most economically innovative regions in Baden-Württemberg. The State Statistical Office even put the district in first place in the innovation power index of all districts in the state. It owes this position above all to the resident high and cutting-edge technology companies, including the automotive suppliers and machine builders ZF Friedrichshafen AG and MTU, as well as numerous aerospace technology companies that are concentrated in the western area of Friedrichshafen.
In the Lake Constance district, 56.9 percent of the total area is used as agricultural land.
In the future atlas 2016 , the Bodenseekreis ranked 19th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the regions with "very high future prospects". In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 52nd out of 401.
The Württemberg State Railroad reached Lake Constance as early as 1847 with the famous “Swabian Railway” from Ulm near Friedrichshafen. In contrast, the Stahringen – Friedrichshafen railway was only built by the Grand Ducal Baden State Railways in 1894 to Überlingen and in 1901 - from the state border by the Württemberg State Railway - to Friedrichshafen Stadt station. Its eastern continuation to Lindau was completed in 1899.
The Badische Staatsbahn added the following branch lines:
The first electrically operated standard gauge railway for passenger and freight transport in Germany was the 1895 opened local railway Meckenbeuren Tettnang- the Lokalbahn AG Munich. In 1922 the line Friedrichshafen Stadt – Oberteuringen of the Teuringertal-Bahn GmbH was added.
To improve local transport, the neighboring municipalities founded Bodensee-Oberschwaben-Bahn GmbH, in which the district holds 20% of the shares. In 1993 it took over local transport on the Ravensburg – Friedrichshafen route , and in 1997 this was extended to Aulendorf.
Of the original 94 kilometers of the entire network, 26 kilometers have been shut down:
- 1950: Uhldingen-Mühlhofen-Unteruhldingen (3 km)
- 1954: Friedrichshafen city – Oberteuringen (11 km)
- 1953: Salem (formerly: Mimmenhausen-Neufrach) –Frickingen (8 km)
- 1976: Meckenbeuren – Tettnang (4 km)
The area of the district is not touched by any federal motorway. The A 96 ( Lindau - Memmingen - Munich ) only passes a few kilometers east of the district. Not far from the west side of the district is the A 98 , which connects to the A 81 , among other things . The district itself is accessible via federal, state and district roads. The most important federal highways are the B 31 ( Breisach am Rhein - Lindau ), the B 30 ( Ulm - Friedrichshafen ) and the B 33 ( Ravensburg - Offenburg ).
Ferries across Lake Constance connect the Lake Constance district from Friedrichshafen to Romanshorn in Switzerland and from Meersburg to Constance . A catamaran runs every hour from Friedrichshafen to Konstanz.
Anniversary trail Bodenseekreis:
The Jubiläumsweg Bodenseekreis begins at Kressbronn station , a 111-kilometer hiking trail that was set up in 1998 to mark the 25th anniversary of the Bodenseekreis. It leads over six stages from Kressbronn through the hinterland via Neukirch, Meckenbeuren, Markdorf, Heiligenberg and Owingen to Überlingen.
A group of around ten volunteer road attendants , under the direction of the District Office and in conjunction with the responsible municipalities, is responsible for the signposting and maintenance of the Jubilee Trail.
The Bodenseekreis is responsible for the Markdorf education center with secondary school, secondary school and grammar school, the following vocational schools : Friedrichshafen vocational school center with Claude-Dornier-Schule (commercial school) and the state vocational school for the hotel and restaurant industry in Tettnang, Hugo-Eckener-Schule (commercial school ) and Droste-Hülshoff-Schule (home and agricultural school), electronics school Tettnang, Überlingen vocational school center with Jörg-Zürn-Gewerbeschule, Constantin-Vanotti-Schule (commercial school) and Justus-von-Liebig-Schule (home and agricultural school ) as well as the special educational and advisory centers Pestalozzi School in Markdorf (focus on intellectual development) and the Sonnenberg School in Salem-Buggensegel (focus on learning). The Bodenseekreis is sponsored by the Bodenseekreis adult education center with branches in all cities and municipalities and the youth art school in Meersburg.
The Bodenseekreis is constantly expanding its art collection Bodenseekreis with paintings by the artists who worked in the district. This collection is housed in the archive of Salem Castle.
The Bodenseekreis was a partner in Klinik Tettnang GmbH until it was taken over by the Waldburg-Zeil-Kliniken, which has been operating the Tettnang hospital since 2005. The former Überlingen district hospital is now sponsored by the Helios-Kliniken-Verbund.
cities and communes
(Residents on December 31, 2018)
On January 1, 1973, the district was assigned the new distinguishing mark FN , which is still issued today.
On October 16, 2019, the district council approved the reintroduction of the old signs ÜB (Altkreis Überlingen ) and TT (Altkreis Tettnang ) in the fourth attempt, and they will be issued from February 3, 2020.
- The state of Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description according to districts and municipalities (in eight volumes); Edited by the Baden-Württemberg State Archives Department; Volume VII: Tübingen District, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 .
- The Lake Constance District - A Guide to Nature, History and Culture; Edited for the Lake Constance district by District Administrator Lothar Wölfle ; Stuttgart 2009, ISBN 978-3-8062-2294-4 .
- Jubiläumsweg Bodenseekreis - From Kressbronn to Überlingen - The Bodenseekreis in 6 stages; Edited by Rainer Barth ; Friedrichshafen 2004, ISBN 3-86136-087-X .
- Leben am See - The yearbook of the Bodenseekreis, Volume 27, 2010; Published by the Bodenseekreis, the city of Friedrichshafen and the city of Überlingen; Tettnang 2010, ISBN 978-3-88812-528-7 .
- Book of arms of the Bodenseekreis by Gisbert Hoffmann. Ed .: Förderkreis Heimatkunde, Tettnang; Tettnang 1991, ISBN 3-88812-162-0 .
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- multimedia content|
- District Office Bodenseekreis
- Literature on Lake Constance in the catalog of the German National Library
- About inventors, heretics and shield citizens - cities between Lake Constance and Upper Swabia
- Baden-Württemberg cluster database
- Official website of the BodenseeAIRea cluster
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- land according to type of actual use in 2015
- Protected areagovernment districts. (PDF; 23 kB) LUBW , February 25, 2015, archived from the original on May 16, 2015 ; Retrieved June 4, 2015 .
- Andreas Schuler: Here the lake determines daily life. In: Südkurier of May 30, 2014.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 546 f .
- Result of the district elections 2014
- Result of the district elections 2009 ( Memento from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Result of the district elections 2004 ( Memento from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Distribution of votes for the district elections 1989–1999 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- seats in the district elections 1989–1999 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Heimatjahrbuch des Bodenseekreis, 1983 (Volume I), page 19: The district coat of arms as a symbol ; Explanations by the 1st prize winner Herbert Vogel
- Hans Gebhard (2008): Geography of Baden-Württemberg. P. 144 ff.
- Source: Statistics for the EUREGIO Lake Constance. In: Listed! The ten districts of the Lake Constance region… In: Südkurier from February 25, 2011 and in: Ders. dated July 2, 2011.
- Future Atlas 2016. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 24, 2018 .
- PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- https://www.suedkurier.de/region/bodenseekreis/bodenseekreis/Bald-sind-die-Altkennzeichen-wieder-im-Strassenverkehr-zu-sehen-Wunschkennzeichen-mit-UEB-und-TT-koennen-ab-Montag -be-reserved-at-the-registration-office; art410936,10401944 www.suedkurier.de