Ortenau district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Ortenau district Map of Germany, position of the Ortenau district highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 28 '  N , 7 ° 56'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
Region : Southern Upper Rhine
Administrative headquarters : Offenburg
Area : 1,860.81 km 2
Residents: 429,479 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 231 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : OG, BH , KEL, LR, WOL
Circle key : 08 3 17
Circle structure: 51 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Badstrasse 20
77652 Offenburg
Website : www.ortenaukreis.de
District Administrator : Frank Scherer (independent)
Location of the Ortenau district in Baden-Württemberg
Frankreich Schweiz Österreich Bodensee Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Freistaat Bayern Alb-Donau-Kreis Baden-Baden Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Bodenseekreis Landkreis Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Enzkreis Landkreis Esslingen Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Freudenstadt Landkreis Göppingen Heidelberg Landkreis Heidenheim Landkreis Heilbronn Heilbronn Hohenlohekreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Karlsruhe Landkreis Konstanz Landkreis Lörrach Landkreis Ludwigsburg Main-Tauber-Kreis Mannheim Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis Ortenaukreis Ostalbkreis Pforzheim Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Ravensburg Rems-Murr-Kreis Landkreis Reutlingen Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Sigmaringen Stuttgart Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Tuttlingen Ulm Landkreis Waldshut Zollernalbkreismap
About this picture

The Ortenaukreis is the largest district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the southern Upper Rhine region in the Freiburg administrative region . The district town and at the same time the most populous city in the Ortenau district is Offenburg .



The Ortenaukreis is part of the Upper Rhine Plain , the Middle Black Forest and the Northern Black Forest , the highest point of which, the Hornisgrinde , is in the northeastern district. The Ortenaukreis is cut by many valleys, including the Schutter , Kinzig , Rench and Acher river valleys , all four right tributaries of the Rhine , with the Kinzig being the most important Black Forest river in the district.

Neighboring areas

The Ortenaukreis borders in a clockwise direction in the north on the districts of Rastatt , Freudenstadt , Rottweil , Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis and Emmendingen . In the west, the Rhine forms the natural border with the Grand Est region (until 2015 Alsace ) in France with the local arrondissements Sélestat-Erstein and Strasbourg within the Département Bas-Rhin .


The Ortenaukreis has the following 23 nature reserves . According to the protected area statistics of the State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg (LUBW), 3504.74 hectares of the district are under nature protection, that is 1.89 percent.

The nature reserves often extend over the boundaries of several municipalities; partly also over the area of ​​other districts (Schliffkopf, Elzwiesen, Taubergießen and Schlossberg-Hauberg).

Nature reserve Size
(in hectares )
District share
(in hectares)
Municipality, district
Grinding head 1396.3 520.1 City of Oppenau (districts Lierbach and Maisach), Ottenhöfen, Seebach
High Geisberg 21.0 21.0 Schuttertal
Sauscholle 29.2 29.2 Neuried (district Ichenheim)
Langwald 34.5 34.5 Hohberg (district Niederschopfheim)
Glaswaldsee 22.0 22.0 Bad Peterstal-Griesbach (districts Schapbach and Bad Peterstal)
Gottschlagtal-Karlsruhe ridge 151.0 151.0 Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest
Forest mats 58.9 58.9 Schwanau (Wittenweier district)
Rosswört 13.4 13.4 City of Kehl (district Leutesheim)
Elzwiesen 410.8 129.3 Ringsheim, Rust (Baden)
Hornisgrinde beaver cauldron 95.1 95.1 Sasbach (district Obersasbach), Sasbachwalden
Hinterwörth-Laast 82.4 82.4 City of Rheinau (Baden)
Altwasser Goldscheuer 6.1 6.1 City of Kehl (district Goldscheuer)
Middle ground helmets 103.0 103.0 City of Rheinau (Baden) (districts Helmlingen and Freistett)
Valley hump 37.5 37.5 City of Offenburg (district Rammersweier)
Salmengrund 185.0 185.0 Meißenheim, Neuried (Baden)
Acid mats 18.5 18.5 Ettenheim
Thomasschollen 219.5 219.5 Meißenheim, Schwanau
Sundheimer reason 20.2 20.2 City of Kehl, Willstätt
Eckenfels 32.1 32.1 City of Oppenau
Dew pouring 1697.0 1349.7 Kappel-Grafenhausen, Rust (Baden)
Underwater mats 324.4 324.4 Hohberg, Schutterwald, Neuried (Baden)
Schlossberg-Hauberg 107.0 17.2 Hornberg
Dörlinbacher Grund-Münstergraben 34.7 34.7 Ettenheim, Ringsheim, Kappel-Grafenhausen
total 5099.6 3504.8


The district takes its name from the historic Ortenau landscape .

The Ortenaukreis was formed by the district reform on January 1, 1973 by the union of the districts of Kehl (excluding the northern municipalities), Lahr , Offenburg and Wolfach (excluding the eastern municipalities) and the southern part of the Bühl district.

On July 1, 1978, there was an exchange of areas between the cities of Schiltach ( Rottweil district ) and Wolfach .

Offenburg District Office

The current district area belonged to different dominions until 1803 and then came to Baden , which initially retained the existing division of offices (Achern, Appenweier, Rheinbischofsheim, Ettenheim, Gengenbach, Haslach, Hornberg, Kork, Mahlberg, Lahr, Oberkirch, Offenburg and Wolfach). But the first offices were dissolved as early as 1813. Further dissolutions followed, until at the end of the 19th century only the districts of Achern, Bühl, Ettenheim, Kork (from 1881 Kehl), Lahr, Oberkirch, Offenburg and Wolfach existed. In 1924, the administrative districts were converted into administrative districts, with Ettenheim joining Lahr and Achern joining Bühl. In 1936 the Oberkirch district was merged with the Offenburg district and some border adjustments were carried out in the other districts. For the time being, border changes were carried out for the last time in 1939 under the four districts that still existed until they were incorporated into the Ortenau district in 1973.

After the municipal reform has been completed, the Ortenaukreis comprises 51 municipalities and an uninhabited municipality-free area. Of the 51 municipalities, 16 have city rights and five of them have the status of a " large district town " (Achern, Kehl, Lahr / Black Forest, Oberkirch and Offenburg). The largest city is Offenburg, the smallest municipality is Seebach.

Population development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office ( main residences only ).

date Residents
December 31, 1973 356.855
December 31, 1975 355.613
December 31, 1980 355,385
December 31, 1985 353,536
May 25, 1987¹ 354,655
December 31, 1990 371.725
date Residents
December 31, 1995 395.070
December 31, 2000 408.126
December 31, 2005 416.410
December 31, 2010 417,513
December 31, 2015 420.106


District election 2019
Turnout: 56.71%
LiLO g
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
LiLO g
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
g Left list of Ortenau; 2014: The Left

The district is administered by the district council and the district administrator.

District council

The district council is elected for five years by those entitled to vote in the district. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result.

Distribution of seats in the district council
12 12 19th 4th 29 
A total of 83 seats

The election results of previous elections are shown in the following overview:

Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 33.62 29 39.78 36 38.65 36 43.3 38 43.7 39 39.0 37 42.0 43
FW Free voters Ortenau 22.04 19th 19.87 18th 22.28 22nd - - - - - - - -
Flat share * Electoral associations - - - - - - 21.6 20th 19.8 18th 17.2 18th 16.8 18th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 14.6 12 18.76 15th 17.38 14th 20.4 17th 24.5 21st 26.1 23 25.9 25th
Green Alliance 90 / The Greens 15.05 12 11.12 9 9.35 7th 7.7 6th 6.2 5 9.0 8th 6.9 6th
FDP Free Democratic Party 5.57 4th 5.28 5 9.86 8th 6.6 5 4.7 4th 6.0 5 6.7 6th
left Left list Ortenau / Die Linke 2.16 2 2.12 2 2.49 1 - - - - - - - -
AfD Alternative for Germany 6.24 5 2.01 1 - - - - - - - - - -
OIL Ortenau list 0.72 0 1.04 1 - - - - - - - - - -
REP The Republicans - - - - - - - - 1.1 - 2.3 1 1.7 1
Otherwise. Others - - - - - - 0.4 - - - 0.5 - - -
total 100 83 100 87 100 88 100 86 100 87 100 92 100 99
voter turnout 48.7% 50.2% 52.0% 54.3% 66.1% 61.0%

* WG: Voting associations, as the results from 1989 to 2004 cannot be broken down to individual groups of voters.

District administrators

The district administrator is the legal representative and representative of the district as well as the chairman of the district council and its committees. He heads the district office and is an official of the district. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He calls meetings, chairs them and implements the resolutions passed there. He has no voting rights in the committees . His deputy is the first state official.

The district administrators of the Kehl district 1945–1972
  • 1945: -1947Friedrich Stephan
  • 1945–1947: Karl Ludwig Schecher
  • 1947–1951: Peter Mayer
  • 1951–1955: Wolfgang Bechtold
  • 1955–1972: Walter Schäfer
The district administrators of the Lahr district 1945–1972
The district administrators of the Offenburg district 1945–1972
  • 1945–1946: Julius Vierneisel
  • 1946–1970: Eduard Joachim
  • 1970–1972: Gerhard Gamber
The district administrators of the Wolfach district 1945–1972
  • 1945–1946: Hans Seydel
  • 1946–1965: Ludwig Heß
  • 1965–1972: Werner Ackenheil
The district administrators of the Ortenaukreis since 1973

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Ortenau district
Blazon : “In silver a red armored and red tongued black double-headed eagle with a gold breast shield; in it the silver armored St. George on a black horse with a redsaddlecloth, killinga green lindworm with a lance. "
Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms is linked to the coat of arms of the canton of Ortenau of the imperial knighthood. The eagle also stands for the formerly free imperial cities of Offenburg, Gengenbach, Zell am Harmersbach, the free imperial valley Harmersbach as well as for the Upper Austrian provincial bailiwick of Ortenau before the areas fell to Baden in 1805. (The coat of arms was awarded on August 31, 1973; however, the coat of arms had been in use by the district of Offenburg since 1962).

Economy and Infrastructure

In the Future Atlas 2016 , the district was ranked 116th out of 402 rural districts, municipal associations and independent cities in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future opportunities”. In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 157 out of 401.

The Ortenaukreis is strongly rural, in particular the cultivation of fruit and wine as well as forestry in the Black Forest valleys characterize the region, in which, thanks to the favorable climate and the fertile soil, there are still relatively many small and part-time agricultural businesses. The best-known wine locations within the Ortenau wine-growing region (not identical to the district) are Zell-Weierbach , Durbach , Gengenbach, Ortenberg, Sasbachwalden , Kappelrodeck , Waldulm and Oberkirch .

Industrial and commercial focuses are in Offenburg (printing and media industry, mechanical engineering), Achern, Kehl (steel production and caravan construction), Oberkirch (automotive supplier industry, paper production), Lahr (logistics) and in the Kinzigtal (mechanical engineering).

The Ortenaukreis is, together with most of the municipalities of the district - as well as the IHK Südlicher Oberrhein, the Chamber of Crafts Freiburg, the cities of Bühl and Schiltach and the municipality of Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach - shareholders of the Offenburg / Ortenau economic region (WRO). The WRO guarantees economic development, location marketing and public relations for the Ortenau. Around 140 companies from the region are represented on the WRO's economic advisory board.

The Europa-Park, the largest amusement park in German-speaking countries, is located in the municipality of Rust . With around 3,600 employees, the park is also one of the largest employers in the region. Indirectly, up to 8,500 additional jobs will be secured, especially in the region.


The district town of Offenburg is the hub of rail traffic. It was connected from Karlsruhe to the north-south axis of the Baden State Railroad as early as 1844 ; In 1845 the journey continued in the direction of Freiburg. In addition, there was a branch in Appenweier to Kehl as early as 1844; but the Rhine crossing to Strasbourg did not take place until 1861. In 1866, the Black Forest Railway began operating from Offenburg in the Kinzig valley up to Hausach; the difficult mountain route to Villingen followed in 1873 and the branch line to Wolfach in 1878; it reached Schiltach in 1886.

The Renchthal Railway Company started operating the Appenweier - Oppenau line in 1876; this was only extended 50 years later by the Deutsche Reichsbahn to Bad Peterstal in 1926 and to Bad Griesbach in 1933.

Shortly before the turn of the century, a few branch lines were built. The company Vering & Waechter opened the Achern - Ottenhöfen Achertalbahn in 1898 and the Harmersbachtalbahn Biberach - Zell am Harmersbach - Oberharmersbach-Riersbach in 1904. Finally, the narrow-gauge railway followed from the banks of the Rhine across from the Alsatian town of Rheinau to Ettenheimmünster at the foot of the Black Forest; it crossed the north-south axis in Orschweier. In the twenties it was partially shut down and the rest re-tracked.

The area between the banks of the Rhine and the edge of the mountains was opened up by a network of narrow-gauge steam trams. The main owner was the Strasbourg tram company , which in 1898 connected its network on the left bank of the Rhine in Alsace with an electric tram from Strasbourg - Kehl to the Baden power supply; From Kehl since 1892 one line ran down the Rhine towards Rastatt, the other in 1898 to the southeast to Offenburg with the junction in Altenheim to Ottenheim. There was a connection to the Ottenheim Rheinufer - Lahr - Seelbach line of the Lahr tram company . This also connected the center of the city of Lahr with the state train station outside of Dinglingen, although a short branch line from there to the city train station had been operated by the Lahrer Eisenbahngesellschaft since 1865 .

This extensive narrow-gauge network, which was operated under the company Mittelbadische Eisenbahnen AG after the First World War , disappeared along with a few other railways within twenty years between 1950 and 1970. The railway network, which is 305 km long at most, has lost almost a third of its size.

In the summer of 1998, the Ortenau-S-Bahn GmbH (OSB), which belongs to the Südwestdeutsche Landesverkehrs-AG (SWEG), began to operate local rail services on some important Deutsche Bahn routes from the Offenburg junction. In 2014 the Ortenau-S-Bahn was completely merged with the SWEG, and since then the SWEG has operated the OSB lines.

The local public transport in the Ortenaukreis is organized in the tariff association Ortenau TGO, to which nine companies have come together. 60 lines with a total length of 1492 km are offered. The tariff extends beyond the border to Strasbourg, so that the Strasbourg tram can also be used with a TGO ticket.

The federal autobahn 5 Basel - Karlsruhe and several federal highways, including the B 3 Basel - Karlsruhe, the B 28 Strasbourg - Freudenstadt and the B 33 Offenburg - Konstanz, run through the district . The B 500 (" Black Forest High Road ") forms the north-eastern boundary of the district. Furthermore, several state and district roads open up the Ortenaukreis.

The Lahr Airport provides air links of the district, where only commercial and cargo flights will be operated. The Strasbourg airport is not far from the district center.

District facilities

The Ortenaukreis supports the following vocational schools :

  • Commercial schools in Achern
  • Vocational schools (BSK) Kehl (vocational and commercial school)
  • Commercial schools Lahr
  • Commercial schools Offenburg
  • Commercial and home economics schools Wolfach
  • Commercial and home economics schools in Achern
  • Commercial schools in Hausach
  • Commercial schools in Lahr
  • Commercial schools Offenburg
  • Vocational schools in Mauerfeld (home economics school) Lahr
  • Home and agricultural schools Offenburg
  • Forestry training center Mattenhof Gengenbach
  • Agricultural College Offenburg
  • Badische Malerfachschule Lahr

In addition, the district is responsible for the following special needs education and advice centers :

  • Carl-Sandhaas-Schule with kindergarten in Haslach im Kinzigtal (focus on intellectual development)
  • Georg-Wimmer-Schule with school kindergarten in Lahr (special focus on intellectual development)
  • Hansjakob school with kindergarten in Offenburg (focus on intellectual development)
  • Astrid-Lindgren-Schule Willstätt-Hesselhurst (specialization in intellectual development)
  • Helme Heine School Offenburg (special focus on physical and motor development)
  • Maiwaldschule Achern-Wagshurst (specialization language)
  • Brothers Grimm School Lahr (special focus on language)
  • Renchtal School for the Language Disabled Oberkirch (special focus on language)
  • Special education and advice center for students in long-term hospital treatment, Offenburg

The Ortenaukreis is also carrier of the five district hospitals Achern, Oberkirch, Ettenheim, Wolfach and Kehl and the clinics Lahr / Black Forest and Offenburg, each as Eigenbetrieb be out of the county. Other in-house operations are the Ortenau nursing and care home, the Black Forest open-air museum Vogtsbauernhof and waste management.

cities and communes

(Residents on December 31, 2018)


  1. Achern , large district town (25,630)
  2. Ettenheim (13,316)
  3. Gengenbach (11,023)
  4. Haslach im Kinzigtal (7114)
  5. Hausach (5768)
  6. Hornberg (4318)
  7. Kehl , major district town (36,089)
  8. Lahr / Black Forest , large district town (46,797)
  9. Mahlberg (5061)
  10. Oberkirch , major district town (20,066)
  11. Offenburg , large district town (59,646)
  12. Oppenau (4718)
  13. Renchen (7361)
  14. Rheinau (11,395)
  15. Wolfach (5850)
  16. Zell am Harmersbach (8112)

Agreed administrative communities and municipal administration associations

  1. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Achern and the communities of Lauf, Sasbach and Sasbachwalden
  2. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Ettenheim and the city of Mahlberg and the communities of Kappel-Grafenhausen, Ringsheim and Rust (Baden)
  3. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Gengenbach and the municipalities of Berghaupten and Ohlsbach
  4. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Haslach in the Kinzigtal and the communities of Fischerbach, Hofstetten, Mühlenbach and Steinach
  5. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Hausach and the Gutach community (Black Forest Railway)
  6. Local government association Kappelrodeck based in Kappelrodeck; Member communities: Kappelrodeck, Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest and Seebach
  7. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Lahr / Black Forest and the municipality of Kippenheim
  8. Municipal administration association “Oberes Renchtal” with its seat in Oppenau; Member municipalities: City of Oppenau and Bad Peterstal-Griesbach municipality
  9. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Oberkirch , the city of Renchen and the community of Lautenbach
  10. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Offenburg and the communities of Durbach, Hohberg, Ortenberg and Schutterwald
  11. Agreed administrative partnership between the community of Seelbach and the community of Schuttertal
  12. Agreed administrative partnership between the Schwanau community and the Meißenheim community
  13. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Wolfach and the municipality of Oberwolfach
  14. Agreed administrative partnership between the city of Zell am Harmersbach and the communities of Biberach (Baden), Nordrach and Oberharmersbach


  1. Appenweier (10,256)
  2. Bad Peterstal-Griesbach (2717)
  3. Berghaupten (2394)
  4. Biberach (3651)
  5. Durbach (3893)
  6. Fischerbach (1781)
  7. Friesenheim (13,089)
  8. Gutach (Black Forest Railway) (2294)
  9. Hofstetten (1794)
  10. Hohberg (8073)
  11. Kappel-Grafenhausen (5096)
  12. Kappelrodeck (6068)
  13. Kippenheim (5545)
  14. Barrel (3929)
  15. Lautenbach (1875)
  16. Meissenheim (4060)
  17. Mühlenbach (1701)
  18. Neuried (9736)
  19. Nordrach (1880)
  20. Oberharmersbach (2501)
  21. Oberwolfach (2633)
  22. Ohlsbach (3284)
  23. Ortenberg (3442)
  24. Ottenhöfen in the Black Forest (3179)
  25. Ringsheim (2384)
  26. Rust (4285)
  27. Sasbach (5340)
  28. Sasbachwalden (2546)
  29. Schuttertal (3200)
  30. Schutterwald (7215)
  31. Schwanau (7080)
  32. Seebach (1426)
  33. Seelbach (4878)
  34. Steinach (4005)
  35. Willstätt (9985)

Community-free area

  • Rheinau , non-parish property (uninhabited)
Frankreich Landkreis Rastatt Baden-Baden Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Freudenstadt Rheinau (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Sasbach Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Rottweil Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Achern Achern Achern Appenweier Bad Peterstal-Griesbach Berghaupten Biberach (Baden) Durbach Ettenheim Fischerbach Friesenheim (Baden) Gengenbach Gutach (Schwarzwaldbahn) Haslach im Kinzigtal Hausach Hofstetten (Baden) Hohberg Hornberg Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappelrodeck Willstätt Kehl Kehl Kippenheim Kippenheim Kippenheim Lahr/Schwarzwald Lauf (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Lautenbach (Ortenaukreis) Mahlberg Mahlberg Mahlberg Meißenheim Mühlenbach (Schwarzwald) Neuried (Baden) Nordrach Oberharmersbach Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberwolfach Offenburg Ohlsbach Oppenau Ortenberg (Baden) Ottenhöfen im Schwarzwald Renchen Renchen Ringsheim Ringsheim Rust (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Sasbach Sasbach Sasbach Sasbachwalden Schuttertal Schutterwald Schwanau Seebach (Baden) Seelbach (Schutter) Steinach (Ortenaukreis) Willstätt Willstätt Wolfach Zell am HarmersbachMunicipalities in OG.svg
About this picture

License Plate

Vehicle registration office of the Offenburg District Office

On January 1, 1973, the district was assigned the OG distinctive sign , which had been valid for the Offenburg district since July 1, 1956 . It is still issued today.

Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old districts received special identification numbers:

area Letters numbers
Old district of Offenburg A to Z 1 to 999
AA to ZZ 1 to 99
PA to VZ 100 to 999
Old district of Lahr AA to EZ
Altkreis Kehl HA to KY
Old district Wolfach LA to NZ

Due to the liberalization of the license plates , the distinguishing characters KEL , LR , WOL and since March 30th 2015 also BH have been available since March 31, 2014 .

See also


  • R. Metz: Construction and image of the landscape in the Ortenau . In: The Ortenau . Volume 40, 1960, pp. 16-55.
  • Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (Ed.): The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality . Volume VI: Freiburg administrative region . Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 .

Web links

Commons : Ortenaukreis  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. LUBW protected area statistics ( Memento from January 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 512 ff .
  4. ^ Result of the district council election for the Ortenaukreis from the ortenaukreis website.
  5. statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de ( memento from September 3, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ) Distribution of votes in the district elections 1989–2009
  6. statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de ( Memento from September 3, 2014 in the web archive archive.today ) Distribution of seats in the district elections 1989–2009
  7. Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  8. PROGNOS future atlas. Handelsblatt, accessed on December 10, 2019 .
  9. Europa-Park. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
  10. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).