Friesenheim (Baden)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Friesenheim
Friesenheim (Baden)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Friesenheim highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 22 '  N , 7 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Ortenau district
Height : 159 m above sea level NHN
Area : 46.6 km 2
Residents: 13,089 (Dec. 31, 2018)
Population density : 281 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 77948
Primaries : 07821, 07808Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : OG, BH , KEL, LR, WOL
Community key : 08 3 17 031
Address of the
municipal administration:
Friesenheimer Hauptstrasse 71
77948 Friesenheim
Website :
Mayor : Erik Weide
Location of the municipality of Friesenheim in the Ortenau district
Frankreich Landkreis Rastatt Baden-Baden Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Freudenstadt Rheinau (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Sasbach Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Rottweil Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Achern Achern Achern Appenweier Bad Peterstal-Griesbach Berghaupten Biberach (Baden) Durbach Ettenheim Fischerbach Friesenheim (Baden) Gengenbach Gutach (Schwarzwaldbahn) Haslach im Kinzigtal Hausach Hofstetten (Baden) Hohberg Hornberg Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappelrodeck Willstätt Kehl Kehl Kippenheim Kippenheim Kippenheim Lahr/Schwarzwald Lauf (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Lautenbach (Ortenaukreis) Mahlberg Mahlberg Mahlberg Meißenheim Mühlenbach (Schwarzwald) Neuried (Baden) Nordrach Oberharmersbach Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberwolfach Offenburg Ohlsbach Oppenau Ortenberg (Baden) Ottenhöfen im Schwarzwald Renchen Renchen Ringsheim Ringsheim Rust (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Sasbach Sasbach Sasbach Sasbachwalden Schuttertal Schutterwald Schwanau Seebach (Baden) Seelbach (Schutter) Steinach (Ortenaukreis) Willstätt Willstätt Wolfach Zell am Harmersbachmap
About this picture

Friesenheim is a municipality in the Ortenaukreis in Baden-Württemberg .



Friesenheim lies on the edge of the Rhine plain and extends over the foothills into the Black Forest . The river Schutter flows through the municipality .

Neighboring communities

Neighboring communities of Friesenheim are (clockwise from the north): Hohberg , Gengenbach , Biberach , Seelbach , Lahr , Meißenheim and Neuried .

Community structure

The districts of Friesenheim, Heiligenzell, Oberschopfheim , Oberweier and Schuttern belong to the municipality of Friesenheim . The districts correspond to the formerly independent communities of the same name. With the exception of the district of Friesenheim, localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code are set up in the districts, each with its own local council and mayor as its chairman. The localities each have their own local administrative offices. The Friesenheim district and the Am Bahnhof residential area belong to the Friesenheim district. The village of Oberschopfheim and the Riedmühle homestead belong to the district of Oberschopfheim. Only the villages of the same name belong to the districts of Heiligenzell, Oberweier and Schuttern. In the district of Friesenheim there was the lost water castle Sternenberg. In the district of Heiligenzell is the lost hamlet of Leimbach and in the district of Schuttern is the lost village of Schutterweiler.

The local recreation area "Baggersee Campingplatz Schuttern" is located in Schuttern. The Matschelsee is located northwest of Friesenheim .


Early history

The district of Oberschopfheim was first mentioned in a document in 763. In the 11th century, the area of ​​today's community fell to the diocese of Bamberg , later it came to the Lords of Geroldseck , who pledged the area to the margraves of Baden in 1481 . Initially belonging to the margraves of Baden-Baden, the place fell back to that of Baden-Durlach after they died out in 1771.


On January 1, 1972, the two previously independent communities of Heiligenzell and Oberweier were incorporated. The incorporation of Oberschopfheim took place on April 1, 1972. Schuttern was incorporated on January 1, 1975.

Coats of arms of the districts

Population development

Friesenheim population development

Population figures according to the respective area. The numbers are estimates, census results (¹) or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office .

year Residents
1871 ¹ 5,587
1880 ¹ 5,868
1890 ¹ 5,976
1900 ¹ 6.171
1910 ¹ 6,620
1925 ¹ 6,889
1933 ¹ 7.144
1939 ¹ 7,058
1950 ¹ 7,923
1956 ¹ 8,502
1961 ¹ 9,148
1966 9,838
1970 ¹ 9,870
December 31, 1975 9,959
December 31, 1980 10.136
year Residents
1985 10.173
December 31, 1990 10,677
December 31, 1995 12,283
December 31, 2000 12,476
December 31, 2005 12,721
December 31, 2010 12,741
December 31, 2015 12,921


Since the area of ​​today's community belonged to the Catholic margraviate of Baden-Baden, the Reformation was not introduced; The relapse to the Protestant margraves of Baden-Durlach did not change anything; Protestant believers now also had to be admitted to the villages. The four districts are still Roman Catholic today and each have a church. There is also a Protestant church in Friesenheim itself . The Leutkirche, which is used for special occasions, is located in the open field in the Oberschopfheim district.


Municipal council

The municipal council in Friesenheim consists of 22 members and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result.

Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-6.4  % p
+ 2.6  % p
+ 3.1  % p.p.
+ 0.6  % p
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 37.0 8th 43.4 10
FW Free voters 33.9 8th 31.3 7th
GLU Green list environmental protection 20.3 4th 17.2 4th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 8.7 2 8.1 2
total 100.0 22nd 100.0 24
voter turnout 60.7% 45.0%


  • ? until 1976: Ernst Ehret
  • 1976 to 2000: Eugen Götz
  • 2000 to March 2016: Armin Roesner
  • since April 2016: Erik Weide, elected in February 2016 in the second ballot


Friesenheim maintains a town partnership with the following cities :

Dorlisheim ( Alsace ) has been a partner municipality in the Oberweier suburb since July 4, 2014 .

Schuttern monastery and parish church
Town hall in Schuttern
Remains from Roman times

Culture and sights


  • Oberweir local history museum


  • Schutterner Kirche : Monastery church of the former Schuttern Monastery
  • Friesenheim Town Hall
  • Leutkirche : Feldkirche, Oberschopfheim
  • Heiligenzeller Schlössle : summer residence of the abbots of the former Schuttern monastery
  • Roman road station : foundations, reconstructed road layout and a small reconstructed temple

Natural monuments

  • Bildsteine : natural stone formations in the Friesenheim Forest

Economy and Infrastructure


The federal autobahn 5 ( Hattenbach - Weil am Rhein ), the federal highway 3 ( Buxtehude - Weil am Rhein ) and the Rhine Valley Railway of Deutsche Bahn on the Mannheim – Basel railway line run through the municipality . Regional trains stop every two hours.


In the main town there is a secondary school and secondary school , which is also responsible for students from neighboring towns such as Hohberg . There are also elementary schools in the districts of Friesenheim, Oberweier and Oberschopfheim . In Heiligenzell and Schuttern there are branches of the Friesenheim elementary school. There are also Roman Catholic kindergartens in all parts of the village (in Oberschopfheim there are even two, but organizationally they belong together). There is also a Protestant kindergarten in the main town of Friesenheim .


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Sigmund Bosch (around 1490 – around 1560), song poet of the Anabaptist movement
  • Mathilde Otto (1875–1933), member of the Baden National Assembly and women's rights activist; was born in the Oberweier district
  • Julius Greilsheimer (1890–1944), rabbi
  • Karlleopold Hitzfeld (1898–1985), local researcher, historian and teacher
  • Alfons Gern (1944–2010), legal scholar and city law director in Lahr / Black Forest
  • Kai Eisele (* 1995), German soccer player

Personalities connected to the community

  • Alanis Morissette (* 1974), Canadian singer; lived as a child between 1977 and 1981 in the Heiligenzell district


  • Ekkehard Klem: Friesenheim. A lovable village community. Sutton, Erfurt 2006, ISBN 978-3-86680-027-4 .
  • Adolf Gänshirt, Erich Reinhold and Klaus Siefert: Ortssippenbuch Friesenheim, Ortenaukreis, Lahr-Dinglingen: Interest group Badischer Ortssippenbücher 1986 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 55), processed period 1598–1956
  • Adolf Gänshirt, Erich Reinhold and Klaus Siefert: Local family book Heiligenzell, Ortenaukreis, Baden. Lahr-Dinglingen: Interest group Badischer Ortssippenbücher 2007 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 130), processed period 1650-2005
  • Josef Eisenbeis, Ekkehard Klem, Albrecht Stuber and Klaus Siefert: Ortsfamilienbuch Oberweier, Ortenaukreis, Baden. 3rd edition, Lahr-Dinglingen: Interest group Badischer Ortssippenbücher 2014 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 13), processed period 1620–2012

Web links

Commons : Friesenheim  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Main statute of the municipality of Friesenheim from November 26, 2001, last amended on May 30, 2005 (PDF; 48 kB)
  3. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 316-319
  4. Population development in Baden-Württemberg from 1871 to 2013  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  5. State Statistical Office, preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections