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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Schwanau
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Schwanau highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 23 '  N , 7 ° 46'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Ortenau district
Height : 153 m above sea level NHN
Area : 38.36 km 2
Residents: 7080 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 185 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 77963
Area code : 07824
License plate : OG, BH , KEL, LR, WOL
Community key : 08 3 17 150
Address of the
municipal administration:
Kirchstrasse 16
77963 Schwanau
Website :
Mayor : Wolfgang Brucker
Location of the community of Schwanau in the Ortenau district
Frankreich Landkreis Rastatt Baden-Baden Landkreis Calw Landkreis Emmendingen Landkreis Freudenstadt Rheinau (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Sasbach Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Rottweil Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Achern Achern Achern Appenweier Bad Peterstal-Griesbach Berghaupten Biberach (Baden) Durbach Ettenheim Fischerbach Friesenheim (Baden) Gengenbach Gutach (Schwarzwaldbahn) Haslach im Kinzigtal Hausach Hofstetten (Baden) Hohberg Hornberg Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappel-Grafenhausen Kappelrodeck Willstätt Kehl Kehl Kippenheim Kippenheim Kippenheim Lahr/Schwarzwald Lauf (Baden) Lauf (Baden) Lautenbach (Ortenaukreis) Mahlberg Mahlberg Mahlberg Meißenheim Mühlenbach (Schwarzwald) Neuried (Baden) Nordrach Oberharmersbach Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberkirch (Baden) Oberwolfach Offenburg Ohlsbach Oppenau Ortenberg (Baden) Ottenhöfen im Schwarzwald Renchen Renchen Ringsheim Ringsheim Rust (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (Baden) Rheinau (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Sasbach Sasbach Sasbach Sasbachwalden Schuttertal Schutterwald Schwanau Seebach (Baden) Seelbach (Schutter) Steinach (Ortenaukreis) Willstätt Willstätt Wolfach Zell am Harmersbachmap
About this picture

Schwanau is a municipality in Baden-Württemberg and belongs to the Ortenau district .


Geographical location

Schwanau is 8 km from Lahr in the Upper Rhine Plain and borders directly on the Rhine and thus on France .

Neighboring communities

The municipality borders in the north on Meißenheim , in the east on the city of Lahr, in the southeast on the city of Mahlberg , in the south on Kappel-Grafenhausen and in the west on the Alsatian communities Rhinau and Gerstheim .

Community structure

Schwanau consists of the formerly independent communities Allmannsweier , Nonnenweier, Ottenheim and Wittenweier. Only the villages of the same name belong to the former communities of Allmannsweier and Wittenweier. The village of Nonnenweier and the electricity works belong to the former municipality of Nonnenweier. The village of Ottenheim and the houses An der Rheinbrücke belong to the former municipality of Ottenheim.

Evangelical Church in Schwanau-Nonnenweier
Evangelical Church in Schwanau-Ottenheim


The formerly independent municipalities of Ottenheim, Allmannsweier and Nonnenweier merged on July 1, 1972 as part of the administrative reform in Baden-Württemberg to form the new municipality of Schwanau. On December 1, 1971, the municipality of Wittenweier was incorporated into Ottenheim. Nonnenweier was first mentioned in a document in 845. Nevertheless Ottenheim is the oldest of the four places, the name suggests an Alemannic foundation. A battle of the Thirty Years' War took place near Wittenweier in 1638 . Schwanau Castle stood on the Rhine .

The community belonged to the Lahr district until 1972 and then merged with the Ortenau district.


Since the Reformation the places of today's Schwanau community have been shaped by Protestants. There is an evangelical church in every district . In Allmannsweier there is a regional church community of the Augsburg Confession , while there is a Protestant deaconess house in Nonnenweier. But also Roman Catholic believers have settled again and built a church in Ottenheim. According to the 2011 census , 60% of the population are Protestant and 23% Catholic.


Municipal council

In Schwanau, the municipal council is elected using the spurious selection of a part of town. The number of local councils can change due to overhang mandates . The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. After the last election it has 18 members (2009: 18). The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following final result.

Town hall of the community Schwanau in the district of Ottenheim
Parties and constituencies %
Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 0.8  % p
-5.3  % p
+ 0.5  % p
+ 4.0  % p
FWV Free electoral association 44.9 8th 44.1 8th
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 24.7 4th 30.0 5
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 26.4 5 25.9 5
LHL List Hartmut Läßle 4.0 1 - -
total 100 18th 100 18th
voter turnout 62.7% 53.6%


Wolfgang Brucker (CDU) has been mayor of Schwanau since 1999. In 2015 he was elected for a third term in the mayoral election with 86.85% of the valid votes. The turnout was 34.43%.

Administrative community

The municipality is the seat of the agreed administrative association between the municipality of Schwanau and the municipality of Meißenheim.

coat of arms

Schwanau has a talking coat of arms . Blazon: “In blue a swimming, ready-to-fly, silver swan with a black beak and a red tongue; at the top right a golden triangular shield with a red battlemented bar. "

Coats of arms of the districts

  1. In heraldry, right and left refer to the opposite perspective.


Schwanau maintains a city ​​partnership with the following cities :

Economy and Infrastructure

Upper Rhine near Schwanau-Nonnenweier in the evening light


The federal autobahn 5 and the state road 75 are near the village

Established businesses

The municipality's largest business tax payer is Herrenknecht AG in Allmannsweier, one of the world's leading manufacturers of tunnel boring machines .


With the Bärbel-von-Ottenheim-Schule there is a community school in Ottenheim. The Ludwig Frank School is a primary school . There are also five Protestant and one Roman Catholic kindergarten .


Portrait, which is seen as a representation of Bärbel, in the Liebieghaus in Frankfurt a. M.

Sons and daughters of the church

Other personalities associated with the city

  • Regine Jolberg (1800–1870), founder of the Nonnenweier deaconess house
  • Julius Bender (1893–1966), head of the Nonnenweier deaconess house from 1928 to 1945, then regional bishop of Baden
  • Martin Herrenknecht (* 1942), engineer and entrepreneur, CEO of Schwanau-based Herrenknecht AG (tunnel boring machines)


  • Kurt Baumann, Mathilde Siebert and Klaus Siefert: Ortssippenbuch Ottenheim. People, families and genders of the village of Ottenheim. Lahr-Dinglingen: Albert Köbele successor 2000 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 88); Processed period 1642–1999
  • Karl-Ludwig Bender, Joachim Krämer and Eugen Eble: Ortssippenbuch Nonnenweier, Lahr district in Baden. Grafenhausen: Albert Köbele 1971 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 26)
  • Eugen Eble and Bernd Sandhaas: Ortssippenbuch Wittenweier, Lahr district in Baden. Grafenhausen: Albert Köbele 1970 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 23), processed period 1603–1969

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 413-416
  3. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 498 .
  4. census database

Web links

Commons : Schwanau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files