|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|County :||Ortenau district|
|Height :||286 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||29.84 km 2|
|Residents:||4878 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||163 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||77960|
|Area code :||07823|
|License plate :||OG, BH , KEL, LR, WOL|
|Community key :||08 3 17 127|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Thomas Schäfer|
|Location of the community of Seelbach in the Ortenau district|
The state-approved climatic health resort of Seelbach is located in the Schutter valley in the central Black Forest , southeast of Lahr and north of Schuttertal , at the foot of Hohengeroldseck Castle .
The community of Seelbach consists of the districts of Seelbach, Schönberg and Wittelbach. The spatial boundaries of the Schönberg district are identical to those of the former municipality. The spatial boundaries of the district of Seelbach include the district of the former municipality and the integrated area at Steinbach (formerly the district of Lahr-Reichenbach). The boundaries of the district of Wittelbach include the area of the former municipality of Wittelbach, the Zinken Hubhof and Schmetterlinghof , which are surrounded by Schuttertal , and the Zinken Lenzlisberg, which formerly belonged to the Seelbach district. The districts are officially named by prefixing the name of the municipality and, separated by a hyphen, followed by the word “district” and the name of the respective district. The districts of Schönberg and Wittelbach also form localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with its own local council and local mayor as its chairman.
The three districts include 26 villages, hamlets, Zinken, farms and houses.
Seelbach is in 1179 for the first time in a document from Pope Alexander III. mentioned, in which numerous possessions are confirmed to the monastery of St. Georgen , including the Ecclesia Sellebach . The first landlords were the lords of Lützelhardt . Later the gentlemen von Geroldseck took over the manor . The place has been a market town since 1455 . In 1634 the Geroldsecker died out and in 1697 Seelbach came to the Counts of Leyen via various other owners . From 1711 to 1806 Seelbach was the main town of the County of Hohengeroldseck . Subsequently, as a result of the Rhine Confederation Act , the place belonged to the Principality of von der Leyen , which, however, became part of the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1819 . There, as under the von der Leyens, Seelbach was initially the seat of an office. In 1834 the municipality lost its status as the administrative center and was incorporated into the Lahr Regional Office, which in 1939 became the Lahr district. When this was dissolved in 1973, Seelbach came to the Ortenaukreis .
- 1859: Dautenstein, Litschental, Hasenberg, Steinbach
- July 1, 1971: Schönberg
- January 1, 1975: Wittelbach
Schönberg, located on the pass road below the Hohengeroldseck castle ruins , was first mentioned in documents in 1444. At that time he was subordinate to the gentlemen von Geroldseck . These lost their property to the Electors of the Palatinate in 1486 .
The name means "Bach des Witilo" (or "Witilin" or "Witolin"). The dialect name "Mittelbach", which also appears in documents, is etymologically misleading.
The Alemanni mainly populated the fertile, forest-free and dry foothills and barely penetrated the Black Forest valleys. The Franks, on the other hand, began the planned development of the front Schuttertal in the 9th century. In the upper Schuttertal, settlements of the Ettenheimmünster monastery emerged . His sphere of influence extended in the 12th century to the Wolfersbach - Kambach line. Most of the Wittelbacher Bann was owned by aristocratic lords, feudal people of the Zähringers , such as Konrad von Lützelhardt, named between 1108 and 1122 . A small part belonged to the scattered possessions of the St. Trudpert Monastery . The construction of the Church of St. Peter and Paul from 1132 and the reconstruction in 1250 is probably due to the monasteries Ettenheimmünster and St. Trudpert.
The first reliable documentary mention of Wittelbach can be found in a papal umbrella bull from 1144. In it, Pope Lucius II confirms to Abbot Eberhard von St. Trudpert the rights and possessions of the St. Trudpert Monastery, including those in Wittilunbach . 1185 renewed Pope Lucius III. this confirmation.
In the 13th century Wittelbach belonged to the Lords of Dautenstein . In the 14th century, ownership was transferred to the Ettenheimmünster monastery, which exercised the manorial rule until secularization due to the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803. Then it came to the Grand Duchy of Baden .
In Seelbach there is the Roman Catholic parish of St. Nikolaus with the St. Peter and Paul branch in Wittelbach, which has been part of the pastoral care unit "Church an der Schutter" based in Lahr since January 1, 2015 , and a Protestant parish . The St. Nikolaus Church has an organ made by Johann Ferdinand Balthasar Stieffell .
Seelbach is the seat of the agreed administrative community with the community of Schuttertal.
The community council in Seelbach has 14 members. It consists of the elected honorary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result.
|Parties and constituencies||%
|FBL||Free list of citizens||35.7||5||29.7||4th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||34.9||5||39.2||6th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||29.4||4th||31.2||4th|
The mayor is directly elected for a term of eight years. He is also the chairman of the municipal council.
- 1831–1832: Vogt Schöttgen (signed for the first time with "Mayor")
- 1832–1838: Karl Obert
- 1838–1844: Michael Schäfer
- 1849–1875: Xaver Räpple
- 1875–1886: Franz Anton Benz
- 1886–1910: Christian Himmelsbach
- 1910–1919: Josef Heizmann
- 1919–1923: Wilhelm Brucker
- 1923-1945: Theodor Simon
- 1945–1946: Georg Hartmann
- 1946–1948: Alfred Himmelsbach
- 1948–1957: Josef Fehrenbach
- 1957–1977: Alfred Dreyer
- 1977–1993: Walter Dilger
- 1993–2007: Klaus Muttach
- since 2008: Thomas Schäfer
Culture and sights
Seelbach is called the “place of the five castles”, three of which have been preserved in large parts. These are the Hohengeroldseck castle ruins , which are considered the region's landmarks, the ruins of Lützelhardt Castle above the village and the complex of the former moated Dautenstein castle . Further sights are the historic Glatzenmühle and the water-powered hammer mill in Litschental.
In the center of the village are the monastery square, named after the former Franciscan monastery, with a monastery fountain. The choir tower church of St. Peter and Paul from the 13th century is a landmark of Wittelbach. The historic Herberge zum Löwen is also located on the Schönberg .
Outside of Seelbach is the historic Tretenhof , which was already occupied in the 15th century and has an eventful history.
Based on the market rights granted in 1455, the Katharinenmarkt takes place annually in November. Starting with a historical drama, the market attracts up to 20,000 visitors to Seelbach over the three market days. In particular, the booths of the associations and organizations in Seelbach provide the special flair at the “Kätterlismärkt”.
The “Seelbach Open Air Games” have been determining cultural events since 2004 in September. Under the direction of castle actor Bruno Thost and his daughter Katja Thost-Hauser, amateur actors from all over the Schuttertal and a handful of professional actors bring well-known plays such as The Three Musketeers , Wilhelm Tell or Faust to the stage in the monastery garden. Up to 2,000 spectators follow the annual performances.
Since 2007 the 10 km long Seelbach-Black Forest-Sonnwendlauf has been held every summer.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Bundesfachverband Besonnung eV has its seat in Seelbach.
Seelbach has a secondary school as well as a primary and technical secondary school , each of which is housed in the Geroldseck training center in Seelbach . There are also two Roman Catholic kindergartens and one kindergarten run by the Arbeiterwohlfahrt .
- Jürgen Hartmann (born October 27, 1962 in Seelbach), soccer player and coach
- Official website of Seelbach
- Cultural studies online: Seelbach with Lützelhardt Castle, Dautenstein Castle, etc.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg region Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 418-421
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 498 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 514 .
- State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg, Preliminary results of the 2019 municipal council elections
- Theo Weber: The light on and now also switched off. The community service school was closed at the end of the year. (No longer available online.) Badische Zeitung , January 2, 2009, archived from the original on March 5, 2016 ; accessed on April 21, 2013 : "Around 35,000 young men have visited the facility on the Tretenhof in 27 years."