|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|County :||Ortenau district|
|Height :||169 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||13.27 km 2|
|Residents:||4285 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||323 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||77977|
|Area code :||07822|
|License plate :||OG, BH , KEL, LR, WOL|
|Community key :||08 3 17 114|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Kai-Achim Klare ( SPD )|
|Location of the community of Rust in the Ortenau district|
Rust is a municipality in the Ortenaukreis in Baden-Württemberg . It is located northwest of Freiburg im Breisgau and southwest of Offenburg . Apart from the village of Rust, no other localities belong to the municipality.
The place is known for Europa-Park , Europe's second largest amusement park.
Rust is in the Rhine Valley . To the west, on the other side of the Rhine , which marks the border with France , are the Vosges , to the east the Black Forest . Rust borders the Taubergießen nature reserve . The river Elz flows through Rust .
In the north, Rust borders the municipality of Kappel-Grafenhausen , in the east lies the municipality of Ringsheim . In the south, Rust borders on Rheinhausen in the district of Emmendingen and in the west on the community-free area Rheinau and on the French side of the Rhine on the community of Rhinau.
In the municipality of Rust are the abandoned villages Rohrburg, indicated by a field name south of Rust, and Tannenbuck, which has been identified as a high medieval tower hill through archaeological excavations.
Rust is located in a zone with a warm, humid and temperate climate. The climate in this region varies slightly between highs and lows, and there is sufficient rainfall all year round. However, it is almost a "humid subtropical climate" as the average temperatures in July and August are just under 22 ° C and the Upper Rhine region creates a subtropical climate over the summer months.
|Rust near Lahr / Black Forest 2015–2020|
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Rust near Lahr / Schwarzwald 2015–2020
The place Rust was mentioned for the first time in 762 in the so-called Eddo Testament. The community belonged to the Lahr district for a long time and after its dissolution in 1973 it became part of the newly formed Ortenau district .
During the November pogrom of 1938 , the interior of the synagogue at Klarastraße 14 was desecrated by SA men , but the building itself was not destroyed. It was only demolished in 1964 after heated public debates. The plaque attached to the Raiffeisenbank warehouse reports untruthfully that the place of worship was destroyed “by the effects of the war”.
The first stage of the 2001 Tour de Suisse to Basel started in Rust .
Source: Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office
The majority of the population of Rust is Roman Catholic with 68% , while 14% belong to the Protestant Church . 18% of the population belong to another Christian denomination / religion or are non-denominational . (Source: 2011 census)
The community belongs to the agreed administrative community of the city of Ettenheim.
The local election on May 25, 2014 , with a turnout of 52.07%, brought the following result:
On February 2, 2014, Kai-Achim Klare (SPD) prevailed in the second ballot with 78 more votes against fellow candidate Marcel Baumann. On April 2, 2014, he took over the office of mayor from Günter Gorecky (SPD), who has been in office since 1990.
|Source: Ortssippenbuch Rust|
coat of arms
Blazon : In a split shield in front in blue a stilted , left-facing silver fish , behind in red a golden ploughshare. The coat of arms (see above), with the fish and the ploughshare, indicates the two professions of fisherman and farmer, who used to shape village life.
Rust (Baden) has a partnership with the following city :
Culture and sights
In the center of Rust is the Balthasar Castle , built in 1442 , which was formerly inhabited by the Böcklin von Böcklinsau family. It can be viewed in Europa-Park . Today one of the amusement park's restaurants is located in the castle.
This building is also associated with the Böcklin von Böcklinsau family. The mansion dates from the early Renaissance and was believed to have been built in 1598. Since the building is still inhabited today, it can only be viewed from the outside. The beautiful ornamentation in the framework is in contrast to the relatively simple construction. The castle is located on Ritterstrasse, not far from the church.
The Catholic parish church Petri in Ketten (St. Peter in the chains) is the only parish church in Rust. It is one of the few churches in the area dedicated to the fisherman's patron Peter . The rectory is in the immediate vicinity.
The nave was built and inaugurated in 1728. The tower and choir were built in 1731 according to plans by the builder Peter Thumb and consecrated in 1737. In 1888 the nave was extended and the sacristy was added. The church was then expanded to include the two side aisles from 1906 to 1907 . During renovations from 1952 to 1954, the church was "turned around". That is, the altar was moved from the eastern side to the western side of the nave. In the 1990s there was a fire in the sacristy. The ceiling paintings in particular were affected by the smoke from the fire. The pictures have been restored today, but still very dark due to the smoke.
There used to be a synagogue in Rust . It was built by the Israelite community of Rust after 1852 and inaugurated in 1857. During the Reichspogromnacht in 1938, the synagogue was desecrated, devastated and damaged. In 1964, the church was demolished with the consent of the Israelite Council in Karlsruhe.
Since 1999 there has been a memorial at the former location of the synagogue (Ritterstraße). As a component, it contains the three former archways of the portals. They bear the inscription: “Watch your foot when you go into the house of God. He can be heard up close. "
Old Town Hall
The "Old Town Hall" is the former town hall of the municipality. It was originally built between 1844 and 1845 and a bell and clock tower was added in 1892. In 1989 the building was demolished and rebuilt. This makes the old town hall younger than the current new town hall. Today there is a bank on the ground floor and a room used as a citizens' hall on the upper floor.
The Rust Street Festival takes place on the first weekend in September. The Euro Dance Festival takes place in the Europa-Park Rust in February or March . Since 1995, every Sunday during the summer months the live show every Sunday produced at Europa-Park and in the first broadcast.
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2014, Germany's first climate change garden was opened at the Rheinauen Nature Center, northwest of Rust, the most striking feature of which is an 18 m high observation tower.
Rust has been a state-approved resort since 2005 .
Since 2002 Rust has had a motorway exit (57b) on the federal motorway 5 ( Hattenbacher Dreieck - Weil am Rhein ). The community is with bus lines with Lahr / Black Forest , Ettenheim , Ringheim , Orschweier and Herbolzheim connected and is owned by the tariff association Ortenau on. The long-distance bus line MeinFernbusFlixbus maintains a connection to Rust via the Freiburg - Strasbourg - Karlsruhe route. The next train station is in Ringsheim, 2 km away. The next Rhine crossing is 5 km away by ferry (free) in the neighboring community of Kappel to Rhinau (F).
The community of Rust is home to Europa-Park . With currently 5.6 million visitors per year and more than 100 attractions and shows, it is the largest amusement park in the German-speaking region and the largest seasonal amusement park in the world. Europa-Park directly employs around 3600 people, indirectly up to 8500 jobs (mainly in the region) are secured. This makes the park one of the largest employers in the region.
In Rust there has been the secondary community school Rust / Kappel-Grafenhausen since 2016, to which the elementary school is also connected.
- Albert Köbele : Ortssippenbuch Rust 1649–1900. History of the village and its families. Grafenhausen: Koebele 1969 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 21)
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VI: Freiburg district , Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 315-316
- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, Volume I, Bonn 1995, p. 73, ISBN 3-89331-208-0
- Badische Zeitung : Tour de Suisse through Höllstein and Hüsingen , last accessed on May 16, 2019
- Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office
- 2011 census: population by nationality group and religion. Retrieved August 20, 2020 .
- Rust mourns Erich Spoth. Schwarzwälder Bote, October 10, 2012, accessed on February 3, 2014 .
- A designer and visionary. Badischer Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, October 10, 2012, accessed on February 3, 2014 .
- Albert Köbele: Ortssippenbuch Rust: history of the village and its families. In Baden local clan books. Volume 21, Grafenhausen 1969
- Germany's 1st Climate Change Garden ( Memento of the original from May 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the website of the nature center Rheinauen of the community Rust
- Europa-Park. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .