District of Kehl
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 35 ' N , 7 ° 55' E
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||South Baden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Throat|
|Area :||310 km 2|
|Residents:||61,130 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||197 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||KEL|
|Circle key :||08 3 35|
|Circle structure:||35 municipalities|
|Location of the district of Kehl in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Kehl was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .
The district of Kehl was in the west of Baden-Württemberg .
The Kinzig , which comes from the east, flows into the Rhine near Kehl . The entire district lies in the Upper Rhine Plain between the Black Forest in the east and the Vosges in the west. The district town of Kehl was in the west of the district on the border with France.
Its neighbors were the districts of Bühl , Offenburg and Lahr in 1972, starting clockwise in the north . In the west, the Rhine formed the natural border with France with the French department of Bas-Rhin .
The area of the district of Kehl comprised predominantly the historical Hanauerland on the right bank of the Rhine with a few added communities. In 1803 the area came to Baden . In 1807 the Kehl district office was established with its seat in Kork , which was expanded in 1857 to include the municipalities of the disbanded Rheinbischofsheim district office . In 1881 the official seat was moved from Kork to Kehl . The district office of Kehl, which belongs to the regional commissioner district of Freiburg, was transferred to the district of Kehl in 1924, which added a few more communities when the district of Oberkirch was abolished in 1936.
During the occupation of the city of Kehl after the Second World War , the district administration was in Renchen .
After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Kehl belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . With effect from January 1, 1973, the Kehl district was dissolved. The largest part, and with it the district town of Kehl, was combined with the districts of Offenburg , Lahr and Wolfach as well as parts of the district of Bühl to form today's Ortenaukreis , which became the legal successor of the district of Kehl. A small northern part was assigned to the enlarged Rastatt district .
All population figures are census results.
The senior officials or district administrators of the district office or district of Kehl 1807–1972:
- 1807–1809: Friedrich Rettig
- 1810–1822: Conrad Ludwig Rettig
- 1822–1829: Karl August Wilhelm Kiefer
- 1829–1840: August Eichrodt
- 1841–1843: Carl von Neubronn
- 1843–1847: Wilhelm Exter
- 1847–1849: Maximilian Johann Adam von Bodman
- 1849–1861: Carl Alexander von Hunoltstein
- 1861–1869: Albert Frech
- 1869–1870: Otto Flad
- 1871–1877: Leopold Sonntag
- 1877–1890: Richard Reinhard
- 1890–1899: Richard Teubner
- 1899–1906: Heinrich Belzer
- 1906–1920: Julius Holderer
- 1920–1945: Wilhelm Schindele
- 1945 : Friedrich Stephan
- 1945–1947: Karl Ludwig Schecher
- 1947–1951: Peter Mayer
- 1951–1955: Wolfgang Bechtold
- 1955–1972: Walter Schäfer
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the former district of Kehl showed in a square shield with a silver heart shield, in it a slanted left black anchor removed by two red heraldic roses with golden lugs, in fields 1 and 4 in gold three red rafters, in field 2 in silver a red one Shamrock cross and in field 3 in silver a red crenellated wall with a pointed black swan body as decoration. The coat of arms was awarded on May 26, 1959 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .
The rafters indicate the coat of arms of the Duke of Hanau-Lichtenberg . The heart shield bears a modified version of the city arms of Kehl . The cross is the coat of arms of the city of Renchen ; the wall and the swan body are taken from the coat of arms of the city of Lichtenau .
The Baden main railway line between Karlsruhe and Freiburg im Breisgau , built in 1844, intersected the district in the east, with stations in Renchen and Appenweier . The Renchtalbahn branches off in Appenweier , and there is also a connection to the French rail network (since 1861) via a cross-connection to Strasbourg . Railway stations are in Legelshurst , Kork and Kehl .
The Rastatt-Kehl-Lahr narrow-gauge railway , built from 1892 to 1898, was important for the entire district and ran in a north-south direction roughly parallel to the Rhine , thus connecting the villages with each other and with the cities. It was popularly known as the "duck head". This small steam train was replaced by bus connections after the Second World War. The route of the "Duck Head" through the middle of the villages, often on the main road, and each connected village had its own stopping point. Outside of the localities it mostly followed the main roads.
In addition, Kehl had a connection to the Strasbourg tram network until the end of the First World War.
The federal highway 36 ran through the district from north to south. In Kehl this road intersects the federal highway 28 coming from the Black Forest , which entered the district area near Appenweier . Expanded to four lanes since the 1960s (??), it served as a motorway feeder from the city of Kehl to the Appenweier junction of federal motorway 5 , which also cut the circle in a north-south direction. A Rhine bridge to Strasbourg had been in Kehl since the Middle Ages . There is also a Rhine crossing at the Freistett-Gambsheim weir (F)
The Rhine is one of the most important waterways in Europe and Kehl has had an inland port with three basins since 1901 . Black Forest wood has been rafted on the non-navigable Kinzig , which runs from Willstätt to the mouth at Kehl in the district, since the Middle Ages .
From 1936 onwards there were initially 35 municipalities in the Kehl district, of which 4 were towns.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform . With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Kehl was made on July 1, 1971 by the communities of Neumühl and Odelshofen, which merged with the city of Kehl. In the period that followed, the number of municipalities steadily decreased until the Kehl district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.
The largest municipality in the district was the district town of Kehl , the smallest municipality was Hausgereut.
In the table, the municipalities of the district of Kehl are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign KEL when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It was issued until December 31, 1972. It has been available in the Ortenaukreis on request since March 31, 2014 .
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 496 f .