District of Freiburg
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 0 ' N , 7 ° 45' E
|Basic data (as of 1972)|
|Administrative region :||South Baden|
|Administrative headquarters :||Freiburg in Breisgau|
|Area :||658 km 2|
|Residents:||93,933 (May 27, 1970)|
|Population density :||143 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||FR|
|Circle key :||08 3 34|
|Circle structure:||77 parishes|
|Location of the district of Freiburg in Baden-Württemberg|
The district of Freiburg was a district in Baden-Württemberg , which was dissolved in the course of the district reform on January 1, 1973 .
The district of Freiburg was located in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg.
Geographically, the district of Freiburg predominantly had a share in the Upper Rhine Plain and the Black Forest . The district seat of Freiburg im Breisgau was roughly in the middle of the district area, but did not itself belong to the district of Freiburg.
Its neighbors were in 1972 starting clockwise in the north of Emmendingen , Hochschwarzwald , Lörrach and Müllheim . In the west, the Rhine formed the natural border with France .
Before 1800, the area of the later district of Freiburg belonged to various domains, including Austria, Margraviate Baden and the Principality of Fürstenberg. In 1805 and 1806 the formerly Austrian and Fürstenberg territories came to the Elector and 1806 Grand Duchy of Baden , which initially held several offices , including the offices of Breisach, Freiburg and Staufen, which changed several times over the course of history and belonged to the regional commissioner district of Freiburg . In 1924 the Breisach district office was dissolved and its communities were mainly assigned to the Freiburg district office. In 1936 the Freiburg district office was expanded again to include communities from the dissolved districts of Staufen and Waldkirch. However, there were some parishes in the Neustadt district. In 1939, the Freiburg district was given the name Freiburg District .
After the formation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, the district of Freiburg belonged to the administrative district of South Baden . As a result of the municipal reform from 1970 onwards, the district area changed in three cases. On September 1, 1971, the municipality of Lehen, on December 1, 1971, the municipality of Opfingen and on July 1, 1972, the municipality of Waltershofen was incorporated into the city of Freiburg im Breisgau and thus left the district of Freiburg.
With effect from January 1, 1973, the Freiburg district was dissolved. His remaining communities were initially completely absorbed in the newly formed Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district , which became the legal successor to the Freiburg district. However, in the course of the community reform, five more communities from the former district of Freiburg were incorporated into the city of Freiburg and another three communities were incorporated into communities in the neighboring district of Emmendingen and thus left the (former) district association.
All population figures are census results.
The senior officials and district administrators of the district office or district of Freiburg 1803–1972:
- 1810–1819: Franz Molitor (at the Second Landamt)
- 1810–1820: Eduard Wundt (until 1819 at the First Landamt)
- 1820–1843: Josef Wetzel
- 1843–1851: Gustav Jägerschmid
- 1851–1856: Josef von Chrismar
- 1856–1864: Karl Hippmann
- 1864–1865: Jonathan Winter
- 1866–1874: Karl Haas
- 1874–1877: Eduard Engelhorn
- 1877–1890: Maximilian Stoesser
- 1890–1896: Leopold Sonntag
- 1896–1899: Adolf Föhrenbach
- 1899-1919: Albert Muth
- 1919–1924: Karl Hoerst
- 1924–1927: Paul Schwoerer
- 1927–1928: Gerhard Wolf
- 1928–1932: Gustav Wöhrle
- 1932–1933: August Pfützner
- 1933–1945: Heinrich Groß
- 1945–1947: Manfred Pfister (acting)
- 1947–1953: Franz Schühly
- 1953–1968: Alfons Oswald
- 1968–1972: Emil Schill
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the district of Freiburg showed a silver bar at the front and a red sloping bar at the back in a shield split by red and gold; in a golden heart shield a red armored black eagle with a red breast shield, on it a silver six-mountain. The coat of arms was awarded to the district of Freiburg on May 8, 1957 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior .
The two halves of the shield symbolize the former domains of Austria and Baden. The eagle was taken from the coat of arms of the city of Breisach, which gave the Breisgau region its name. The coat of arms was adopted in a simpler form (without the eagle's breastplate) from the new district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, which was awarded it on August 2, 1974.
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal motorway 5 Karlsruhe-Basel ran through the district area from north to south . Further, the resulted highways 3 and 31 through the circuit area.
From 1936 onwards, there were 77 municipalities in the Freiburg district, two of which were towns.
On March 7, 1968, the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg set the course for a community reform. With the law to strengthen the administrative power of smaller municipalities , it was possible for smaller municipalities to voluntarily unite to form larger municipalities. The beginning in the district of Freiburg was made on January 1st, 1970 by the communities in Glottertal, which united to form the new community Glottertal . In the period that followed, the number of municipalities steadily decreased until the Freiburg district was finally dissolved on January 1, 1973.
The largest municipality in the district was Breisach . The smallest parishes were Scherzingen (in 1961) and St. Wilhelm (in 1970).
In the table, the municipalities of the district of Freiburg are before the municipal reform. The population figures refer to the census results in 1961 and 1970.
On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign FR when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is issued in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and in the independent city of Freiburg im Breisgau until today.
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 496 .