|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|County :||Breisgau-Upper Black Forest|
|Height :||380 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||21.13 km 2|
|Residents:||9740 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||461 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79199|
|Area code :||07661|
|License plate :||FR|
|Community key :||08 3 15 064|
|LOCODE :||DE KCH|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Andreas Hall ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Kirchzarten in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district|
The municipality, located in the Freiburg im Breisgau conurbation, in the middle of the Dreisamtal valley level , is located in the Southern Black Forest Nature Park . It borders the municipality of Freiburg to the east. The Zastler Bach (subsequently called Krummbach) flows through its core town and is passed southwest of the Brugga , which also flows to the Dreisam .
Kirchzarten, with the municipalities of Burg and Zarten, which were independent until the 1970s, includes 23 villages, hamlets, Zinken, farms and houses. The former municipality of Burg includes the hamlets of Burg and Brand, Zinken Himmelreich and Höfen, House and Homestead, Rainhof, the Erlenhof and Zähringerhof farms and the Untere Blechschmiede residential area. The Kirchzarten municipality in the 1973 borders includes the villages of Kirchzarten, Dietenbach, the Zinken Am Bach, Fischbach, Geroldstal, Oberneuhäuser, Schlempenfeld and Untersteuhäuser, the Birkenreute and Brühlhof farms and the Bruckmühle and Giersberg residential areas. The former municipality of Zarten includes the village of Zarten, the Breitehof homestead and the Am Hohrain residential area. In the Kirchzarten part of the municipality lies the abandoned village of Mettenzarten.
Kirchzarten lies between the communities of Stegen in the north, Buchenbach in the east and Oberried in the south, with which there is an administrative community; in the west it borders on Freiburg im Breisgau .
Until the 19th century
In the Celtic times, a Celtic oppidum of around 200 hectares was created in the triangle between Wagensteigbach and Rotbach , which is mentioned by the ancient geographer Ptolemy in the 2nd century as a tarodunum . This name for the settlements of the Dreisamtal is also preserved after the Alemannic conquest after 260, an indication of a continuous settlement history. The Celtic name Tarodunon (Latin Tarodunum ) is - after the (old) High German sound shift from t to z in the 7th century - mentioned again as Zarduna 765 in a document of the St. Gallen monastery , but the medieval places are Zarten and Kirchzarten is no longer on the site of the Celtic oppidum. In the High Middle Ages, Kirchzarten came under the rule of the Lords of Falkenstein . Around 1500 the then Austrian city of Freiburg im Breisgau acquired rule over Kirchzarten. After the Peace of Nijmegen in 1679, Austria ceded control of Freiburg, including fiefs and Kirchzartens, to France , so that Kirchzarten then became part of the French province of Alsace. After the Peace of Rijswijk in 1697, Freiburg, Kirchzarten and Lehen fell back to Austria.
At the end of 1805, as a result of the Peace of Pressburg , Kirchzarten came to the Grand Duchy of Baden after the Battle of Austerlitz, which Austria had lost against Napoleon, and was assigned to the Freiburg II district office.
In 1870 Kirchzarten had 1024 inhabitants, 100 years later this number has increased almost sixfold to 6063 inhabitants. 30 years later, the population has increased by another 50%. Here are the numbers in detail:
- 1924: Birkenreute
- 1936: Dietenbach and Neuhäuser
- April 1, 1974: Delicate
- July 1, 1974: Castle
- 1829: Burg (new formation of the municipality of Burg)
- January 1, 1977: Himmelreich east of the Höllentalbahn (reclassification to Buchenbach)
Kirchzarten is the seat of the Dreisamtal community administration association , to which the neighboring communities of Buchenbach, Oberried and Stegen also belong.
The local election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats for the 18 seats with a turnout of 74.0% (2014: 63.33%):
|Party / list||Seats||+ / -|
|Socio-ecological change||1||+ 1|
The successor to Georg-Wilhelm von Oppen (CDU) was elected on December 7, 2008, with a degree in administrative management, Andreas Hall (CDU), with 58.18 percent of the valid votes cast. He prevailed against six competitors with an absolute majority in the first ballot.
In the only communal referendum in the history of Kirchzarten on March 3, 2013, around 58% of the voters rejected the construction of a mountain bike training and competition area in a local recreation area on the outskirts, as advocated by the mayor and local council . Since the no votes made up around 35% of all eligible voters, the statutory quorum of 25% was exceeded, so that the referendum is binding.
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows a standing black bear on a yellow background in front, wearing a silver double cross - reference to the origins of the place as a property of the St. Gallen monastery - and behind half the city coat of arms of Freiburg - the Georgskreuz - which indicates the long association with the city of Freiburg refers.
A church in Kirchzarten is mentioned for the first time in 816. Today's St. Gallus Church of the Catholic parish is the center of the village and a landmark that is visible from afar. The St. Johannes Chapel in the Zarten district belongs to the Sacred Heart Congregation in Stegen. The chapel is the oldest church in the Zartener Becken, it was first mentioned in a document by Cozpert in 816 in the “partem ecclesie”. In the district of Dietenbach is the monastery of St. Therese of the Discalced Carmelites, founded in 1928 .
The Evangelical Christians in Kirchzartens and Oberried belong to the Holy Spirit community.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Kirchzarten
Economy and Infrastructure
Tourism is particularly important because of its proximity to Freiburg and the heights of the Black Forest. There is a campsite and the Kurhaus offers conference facilities.
In addition, various medium-sized companies have settled in Kirchzarten. Examples include Testo Industrial Services GmbH , halstrup-walcher GmbH, KVT GmbH, FSM-elektronik GmbH and ECOMAL Europe GmbH.
There are two train stations in the municipality. The Kirchzarten train station in the center of town and the Himmelreich train station in the Burg-Höfen district. They are on the Höllentalbahn , which leads into the Black Forest to Titisee and Neustadt and in the other direction to Freiburg, where there is a connection to the long-distance Deutsche Bahn . The trains, which run every half hour during the day, meet on the single-track line at Himmelreich station.
At the Kirchzarten train station you can change to the Südbadenbus GmbH (SBG) bus routes to St. Peter , St. Märgen and Hinterzarten on the one hand and to Oberried (Breisgau) , Todtnau and Todtmoos on the other. Since 2017, a citizens' bus has also been connecting the districts of Kirchzartens, Buchenbach and parts of Stegen with each other from Monday to Saturday .
The federal highway 31 leads from Freiburg through the local area from Breisach to Lindau (Bodensee) , which is developed as a four-lane road from Freiburg to Kirchzarten, then three-lane on the community area and two-lane from the end of the village at Himmelreich. At Himmelreich, the state road 128 branches off, which leads through the Wagensteig valley to St. Märgen. At Zarten, the L 126 branches off to the south, which crosses the Notschrei at Todtnau and meets the federal road 317 , which leads to the Feldberg and Titisee on the one hand and through the Wiesental in a south-westerly direction to Basel on the other . The L 121 connects Kirchzarten south of the B 31 and the Höllentalbahn with the eastern districts of Freiburg.
The Dreisamtäler Radwanderweg (Dreisamtäler Radwanderweg) circles the entire valley floor from Freiburg and touches not only Kirchzarten but also all other communities in the Dreisamtal.
In Kirchzarten, the Abitur can be taken at the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium . The Kirchzarten Realschule and a Werkrealschule are also located in the school center. There are also two primary schools (one each in Kirchzarten and Burg) and, since September 2004, a private primary and technical secondary school ( Freie Schule Dreisamtal ). The Zarduna school is located in the Zarten district, a special school for children with learning disabilities. There are several community, church and private kindergartens for the little ones, including a forest kindergarten .
On the grounds of Hofgut Himmelreich , in addition to the integrative hotel and restaurant, the Integrative Akademie Himmelreich was set up in 2006 , which aims to make a contribution to the unhindered coexistence of people with and without disabilities. In addition, the academy offers vocational preparation, partial and advanced training for people with intellectual disabilities, seminars for those responsible and skilled workers in integrative companies and specialist conferences on the subject of "Integration through qualification of the disabled".
The Volkshochschule Dreisamtal e. V. and the youth music school Dreisamtal are based in Kirchzarten.
Culture and sights
- The parish church of St. Gallus points to the early possessions of the St. Gallen monastery . The church originated in the 12th century when church life shifted from Zarten to Kirch zarten. The church has Romanesque , Gothic and Baroque elements (interior). The organ from 1991 comes from the Swiss organ workshop Metzler Orgelbau . Storks have been nesting on the roof of the 32 m high church tower for several years .
- The Giersberg Chapel from 1737 with a pilgrim restaurant contains three statues on the outer wall, which were made by Matthias Faller from St. Märgen. Below the Giersberg, in the blessing hall of the new cemetery, there is an altarpiece by Hortense von Gelmini .
- The St. Johannes Chapel in Zarten , where a church is documented as early as the 9th century, goes back to a building that was built in the 11th century, but today it looks more like a Gothic one. It is considered to be the oldest still existing church in the Dreisamtal. The roof turret and the sacristy date from 1878. The interior has a baroque interior. The chapel is surrounded by a garden, which is intended to be reminiscent of the tradition of farm and monastery gardens with its planting.
- The Jakobuskapelle on the Jakobsweg on the Hofgut Himmelreich was probably built before 1500. It had to give way to the new roads twice and has been in its current location since 1986.
In the Talvogtei , a former moated castle of the Freiburg bailiffs from the 17th century, the new town hall is now housed after thorough restoration. In the adjacent historical barns, which have also been restored, there are further parts of the administration, a citizens' hall and a modern media library. A new use is currently being sought for the old town hall in the pedestrian zone.
The Zartener Hof is one of the seven classic shapes of the Black Forest house .
There is also a historic high- rise saw in Zarten .
The Markenhof was first mentioned in a document in 1397. In the early 1920s it was used as a teaching material for young immigrants to Palestine.
The earlier exhibition in the Kirchzarten Kurhaus, which illuminated the life and work of the German- Jewish sculptor Richard Engelmann , has been managed with his estate since 1997 by the Bauhaus University Weimar . Engelmann, who was expelled from the Weimar Academy of Art by the National Socialists and only escaped deportation to the Gurs camp as part of the Wagner-Bürckel campaign in 1940 because of his status as " living in a privileged mixed marriage " , lived in from 1936 until his death in 1966 Kirchzarten.
- The SV Kirchzarten is the largest sports club in the Dreisamtal.
- The sports facility of SV Kirchzarten includes two football turf fields, an artificial turf field with floodlights , a tennis court with floodlights, an athletics stadium type C and a multifunctional hard rubber field with basketball hoops and handball goals , as well as a beach volleyball facility with three fields.
- The TC Grün-Weiß Kirchzarten e. V. has a tennis facility with seven clay courts and a children's tennis court .
- The Tug-of-War Friends Bleifuss Dietenbach eV are a sports club from Kirchzarten, which is currently playing in the Landesliga Südbaden.
- The Black Forest Ultra Bike Marathon has been held annually since 1997 . For the tenth anniversary, a stone monument was erected in the village in 2007, on which the previous winners of the competition are noted.
- In the south of the community on the border to neighboring Oberried is a glider airfield run by the Breisgau Association for Glider Flying. V.
- The 18-hole golf course of the Freiburger Golfclub e. V.
It has been handed down that in the 19th century it was customary to "prepare a makeshift lunch for the poor in town at wedding celebrations". On February 22nd, 1835, a strange beggar who had behaved naughty and was subsequently put to order, set fire to two barns in revenge. The perpetrator was then sent to prison.
- Kuno von Falkenstein († May 12, 1343); his tomb is in the parish church of Kirchzarten
- Johann Conrad Winterhalder (1640–1676), sculptor in Kirchzarten
- Philipp Winterhalder (1667–1727), born in Kirchzarten, worked as a sculptor in Alsace
- Clemens Winterhalder (1668–1696), born in Kirchzarten, worked as a sculptor in Alsace
- Several artists of the Hauser family of sculptors , 17th to 19th centuries, come from Kirchzarten, lived there and created sculptures for the parish church.
- Fritz Reiss (1857–1915), lithographer, illustrator, graphic artist and painter, lived in Kirchzarten from 1908 until his death in 1915.
- Richard Engelmann (1868–1966), German-Jewish sculptor, spent his twilight years in Kirchzarten.
- Josef Saier (1874–1955) was born in Kirchzarten and founded the Volksschauspiele Ötigheim .
- Johannes Thiel (1889–1962), graphic artist and painter, lived in Kirchzarten for several years.
- Hans Rosenberg (1904–1988), historian, spent the last years of his life in Kirchzarten.
- Remigius Bäumer (1918–1998), Catholic theologian, lived and died in Kirchzarten.
- Fritz Kläger (1914–2007) was a German motorcycle racing driver and designer who died in Kirchzarten.
- Franz Kern (1925–2012), Catholic priest and local writer, was pastor of St. Gallus in Kirchzarten from 1983–2000.
- Dietrich von Bausznern (1928–1980), composer, conductor, organist and director of the “Kirchzarten Concerts” lived in Kirchzarten from 1952 to 1980.
- Hortense von Gelmini (* 1947), orchestra conductor, painter and writer, lived in Kirchzarten from 1951 to 2005.
- Wilderich von Droste zu Hülshoff (* 1948), lawyer, author and board member, lived in Kirchzarten from 1974 to 2005.
- Ralph Fleck (* 1951), painter and art professor, works in Kirchzarten.
- Georg Zipfel (* 1953), former cross-country skier, Olympic participant and ex-national coach, started for SV Kirchzarten.
- Irene Fischer (* 1959), known as Anna Ziegler in “Lindenstrasse”, has also been a screenwriter for the series since 1999, and has lived in Kirchzarten since the 1980s.
- Benjamin Stauder (* 1987), the racing cyclist was born in Kirchzarten
Johannes Edler von Gelmini zu Kreutzhof (1909–1980), wine and beverage wholesaler, decided to emigrate to his wife's home in Germany and bought the Brandenburg estate in Kirchzarten.
- Heike Steuer: Delicate . In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde . No. 34 . de Gruyter, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-018389-4 , p. 430 ff .
- Jürgen Udolph: Delicate . In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde . No. 35 . de Gruyter, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-018784-7 , p. 845 f .
- Günther Haselier : In marcha Zardunense Geographie u. History of the tender basin . Kirchzarten, self-published by the municipality, 1966.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: District Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 . Pp. 107-110
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 509 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 510 .
- Kirchzarten: Local council election: Result of the 2019 local elections in Kirchzarten. Badische Zeitung, May 27, 2014, accessed on May 27, 2019 .
- Plans for mountain bike arena off the table ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Südkurier online, March 4, 2013), result ( memento of the original from January 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- St. Johanneskapelle website of the pastoral care unit Dreisamtal
- The smallest organ in the Dreisamtal , Barbara Riess, Badische Zeitung, December 18, 2014, accessed December 18, 2014
- Economy and trade in Kirchzarten. Retrieved March 27, 2020 .
- Detail - www.buergerbus-bw.de. Retrieved September 3, 2019 .
- Barrier-free - transport services in the Dreisamtal - holidays and vacations in the Black Forest. Retrieved September 3, 2019 .
- A fresh cell treatment for the Talvogtei on Badische Zeitung
- Initiative "Old Town Hall Kirchzarten"
- forests gave the saw good capacity utilization. Badische Zeitung, December 3, 2010, accessed October 27, 2013 .
- Memorial for the victims of National Socialism. A documentation, Volume I, Bonn 1995, p. 52, ISBN 3-89331-208-0
- History ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , black-forest-ultra-bike.de, accessed on December 26, 2013
- The follow-up to the honest and well-experienced Swiss messenger , No. 18, March 3, 1835, published by Heinrich Remigius Sauerlander in Aarau, p. 71. 
- Grammy goes to Baden-Württemberg: Trumpeter Steffen Kühn from SIR / dpa on www.stuttgarter-zeitung.de ( Stuttgarter Zeitung ), January 27, 2014