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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Merzhausen
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Merzhausen highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 58 '  N , 7 ° 50'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Breisgau-Upper Black Forest
Management Community : Witches Valley
Height : 275 m above sea level NHN
Area : 2.76 km 2
Residents: 5280 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 1913 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 79249
Area code : 0761
License plate : FR
Community key : 08 3 15 073
Address of the
municipal administration:
Friedhofweg 11
79249 Merzhausen
Website :
Mayor : Christian Ante
Location of the municipality of Merzhausen in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district
Frankreich Landkreis Waldshut Landkreis Lörrach Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Emmendingen Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Au (Breisgau) Auggen Bad Krozingen Badenweiler Ballrechten-Dottingen Bötzingen Bollschweil Breisach am Rhein Breitnau Buchenbach Buggingen Ebringen Ehrenkirchen Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl Eisenbach (Hochschwarzwald) Eschbach (Markgräflerland) Feldberg (Schwarzwald) Friedenweiler Glottertal Gottenheim Gundelfingen (Breisgau) Hartheim Heitersheim Heitersheim Heuweiler Hinterzarten Horben Ihringen Kirchzarten Lenzkirch Löffingen March (Breisgau) Merdingen Merzhausen Müllheim (Baden) Müllheim (Baden) Münstertal/Schwarzwald Neuenburg am Rhein Neuenburg am Rhein Oberried (Breisgau) Pfaffenweiler St. Peter (Hochschwarzwald) St. Märgen Schallstadt Schluchsee (Gemeinde) Sölden (Schwarzwald) Staufen im Breisgau Stegen Sulzburg Titisee-Neustadt Umkirch Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl Wittnau (Breisgau)map
About this picture

Merzhausen (alemannisch Merzhüse ) is a municipality in Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg ( Germany ). The seat of the administrative association Hexental is in Merzhausen.



Merzhausen connects seamlessly to the city of Freiburg in the north and east and forms the gateway to the Hexental . In the south it borders on the municipality of Au , which like it belongs to the Hexental administrative community, and in the west on the municipality of Ebringen .

Merzhausen is the smallest municipality in the district with the highest population density, which is also higher than that of Freiburg.


Located between the Schönberg and the Black Forest at the northern end of the Hexental , Merzhausen belongs to the so-called Vorbergzone as well as to the Black Forest, as the main fault between the Upper Rhine Graben and the Black Forest runs through the municipality . The community lies at an altitude of 254 to 538 m.

Community structure

The community consists of the village of Merzhausen and the Jesuit Castle .

Merzhausen with Freiburg (left) and Schauinsland (right)


Merzhausen was first mentioned in 786 when the local landowner Heimo gave away goods to the St. Gallen Abbey. During the 14th century the place came under Habsburg-Austrian sovereignty. After various Freiburg noble families had owned the place as a manor, the Freiburg Jesuit monastery acquired it in 1635 . After the order was abolished in 1773, it passed to the Schnewlin Bernlapp von Bollschweil family and, after their expiry in 1838, to the Schauenburg family . After the Austrian sovereignty was transferred to the Habsburg branch line Austria-Este in 1803 , the place and the entire Breisgau fell to the newly established Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 .

Schoenstatt Chapel


Evangelical St. John's Church

Merzhausen remained Roman Catholic even after the Reformation . The parish church is dedicated to Saint Gall . The parish belongs to the pastoral care unit Hexental in the dean's office in Freiburg .

A Protestant congregation, the Johannes congregation, was only created after the immigration of displaced persons after the Second World War .

In 1980/81 the Schoenstatt Chapel was built on the northern slope of Schönberg, below the Jesuit Palace . The foundation stone, a stone from the tower of the minster , was blessed during the Freiburg Catholic Day in 1978. In 1981 the chapel was consecrated by the then Archbishop Oskar Saier .


Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-4.4  % p
-6.3  % p
+ 13.3  % p
-2.7  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
d Free citizen community

Municipal council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 72.4% (2014: 62.7%):

Party / list Share of votes +/-% p Seats +/-
GREEN 44.1% - 4.4 6th - 1
CDU 22.6% - 6.3 3 - 1
SPD 13.3% + 13.3 2 + 2
FBG * 19.9% - 2.7 3 ± 0

+/−: Difference to the previous municipal election in 2014     * Free Citizens' Community Merzhausen


Christian Ante has been mayor of the Merzhausen community since July 1, 2009.

coat of arms

The Merzhauser coat of arms shows on a silver (white) background a red armored black bear turned to the right, symbol for belonging to the St. Gallen monastery, holding the coat of arms of the Schnewlin family, horizontally divided in gold and green, in front of him.

Parish partnership

Merzhausen has had a partnership with Dardilly in the Rhône ( France ) department since 1982.

Economy and Infrastructure


In 2005, the unrestricted purchasing power per inhabitant was € 20,871; There are only forty municipalities in Baden-Württemberg that have a higher purchasing power. In addition to a grocery discounter in the north and a full-range supplier in the south, the community has a few smaller retail stores on Hexentalstrasse and in the center of the village. Every Saturday there is a weekly market on the market square in front of Forum Merzhausen from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.

In 2020, there will still be two of the four wineries that were formerly four, which cultivate the Müller-Thurgau, Gutedel, Spät-, Grau- and Weißburgunder as well as Riesling grapes on approx. One of them has been offering solidarity viticulture since 2020 . Seven catering establishments, two of which have guest rooms, offer their services. There is even a brewery on site.

In addition to the Moser construction company, there are predominantly small and medium-sized businesses in the trade, craft and service sectors as well as free professions in Merzhausen.


Until 2005 there was a separate police station in Merzhausen, which was closed. The nearest police station is in Freiburg-Haslach .


The Hexental administrative community publishes the Hexentäler Official Journal every fortnight , which is distributed free of charge to all households. In addition, a free information brochure about the Verbandsgemeinden Hexental is published every two years by A + K Verlag.

Public facilities

Alois Rapp House

In addition to various kindergartens and crèches, Merzhausen has a primary school (Hexentalschule) and various private schools. There is a Catholic public library and two senior residences.

The school building, which until 2011 also contained a secondary school, was on private land. In recognition of his donation, the municipality named the building after Alois Rapp in 2011. The rooms of the secondary school that became vacant were occupied by local associations.

There is also a post office and a recycling center in town.

Merzhausen is one of the few communities without its own fire brigade . Instead, the Freiburg fire brigade takes on the relevant tasks. Merzhauser citizens can work as volunteer firefighters in the Lower City Department of the Freiburg Fire Brigade.

The citizen bus in Freiburg-Vauban

Other institutions

The headquarters for teaching media on the Internet is located in Merzhausen .


The L122 connects Merzhausen with the city of Freiburg and the communities in Hexental.

The bus line 7208 of the Südbadenbus GmbH between Bad Krozingen and Freiburg Hauptbahnhof travels through Hexental and connects Merzhausen in Freiburg-Vauban to the Freiburg light rail network. It is supplemented by a citizens' bus on Sunday afternoons . Merzhausen belongs to the Freiburg tariff zone of the Freiburg Regional Transport Association . Since August 2020 there has been a charging station for electric vehicles opposite the town hall with two charging points with an output of 22 kilowatts.

Culture and sights

St. Gallus Church
Forum Merzhausen
The Forum Merzhausen at night


The Church of St. Gallus was first mentioned in 786. The "Old Church", which still shapes the townscape today, was built in 1759/60. A new church was built next to this building between 1976 and 1978. The old church , connected to this, was renovated in 1978.

The former Jesuit castle from 1666 was given its present shape in 1727 and houses a restaurant next to the Freiburg foundation winery. The old Merzhausen Castle is in the center of the village .

The Forum Merzhausen (official spelling FORUM | Merzhausen) in the center of the village is a culture and community center and was completed in November 2012. The glass walkway encloses a small hall with approx. 120 and a separate large hall with 457 seats. The building, created by hotz + architekten in collaboration with becker + haindl, Stuttgart, Freiburg, was awarded the Hugo Häring award in 2014.

Sport, recreation and nature

Merzhausen public baths

The community pool, which is run by citizens (non-profit), has an indoor pool with a sauna, a sunbathing area and an outdoor pool for small children, as well as a café.

In the center of the village there is a sports hall with a beach volleyball facility, as well as a water treading area on the renatured village stream. In the south on the border to Au are the sports grounds of VfR Merzhausen , with over 3500 members (as of 2020) one of the largest sports clubs in southern Baden, the courts of the Hexental tennis club and the club for family dogs and dog sports in DVG eV Merzhausen .

Merzhausen is the starting point of the historic beggar's path , an old route connection from Freiburg via Staufen im Breisgau and Sulzburg to Badenweiler , which is now designated as a hiking trail .

The fact that long- eared owls successfully brooding were observed and documented in a garden on Schlossweg in 2015 also speaks for the village's closeness to nature .


In the forum Merzhausen u. a. Concerts and exhibitions like Merzhausen take place in December . In summer there is a Dorfhock and on the Saturday before the 1st Advent there is a Christmas market on the market square.


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Lambert Schill (1888–1976), politician (center, CDU), member of the state parliament, Baden agriculture minister, member of the Bundestag and honorary citizen of the community
  • Erwin Sumser (1891–1961), German doctor and pioneer of nature conservation

More people

  • Bernhard Hassenstein (1922–2016), German behavioral biologist, co-founder of biocybernetics in Germany, lived in Merzhausen.
  • Konrad Hesse (1919–2005), constitutional lawyer and judge at the Federal Constitutional Court, last lived in Merzhausen.
  • Kurt Heynicke (1891–1985), German writer, lived in Merzhausen from 1943 until his death in 1985 and in 1974 received the community's medal of merit. The Kurt Heynicke archive is also located here.
  • Bertold Hummel (1925–2002), German composer, lived in Merzhausen from 1932 to 1956.
  • Gustav Hummel (1881–1963), senior teacher, organist and choirmaster, lived in Merzhausen from 1932 until his death in 1963 and was made an honorary citizen of the community in 1949.
  • Hugo Ott (* 1931), German historian, lives in Merzhausen.
  • Helmut Schmidt-Vogt (1918–2008), German forestry practitioner and forest scientist, lived in Merzhausen from 1969 until his death in 2008.
  • Eugen Sumser (1930–2013), German horticultural entrepreneur and since 1995 honorary citizen of Merzhausen


  • Karl Wißler: Merzhausen - history of a Breisgaudorfes in the Hexental . Verlag Karl Schillinger, Freiburg 1981, ISBN 3-921340-71-3

Web links

Commons : Merzhausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. There's space above, crowd below , Badische Zeitung, February 20, 2013, accessed on February 21, 2013
  3. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: Freiburg district Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 , p. 133
  4. ^ Schoenstatt Chapel , Badische Seiten, accessed on July 11, 2012
  5. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg: Local council election: Result of the 2019 local elections in Merzhausen. Retrieved June 21, 2019 .
  6. Merzhausen - First solidarity vineyard. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
  7. Merzhausen - Eating and Drinking. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
  8. Merzhausen - hosts A to Z. Accessed on May 21, 2020 .
  9. ^ Hexental edition 2012/2013
  10. ^ A + K Verlag , accessed on July 11, 2012
  11. schools ,, accessed on November 17, 2012
  12. Freiburg Fire Department Department 02 Lower Town. Retrieved February 28, 2014 .
  13. Citizen bus Merzhausen - Home. Retrieved July 27, 2019 .
  14. ^ BZ editorial team: Charging station for electric vehicles in Merzhausen. Badische Zeitung, August 8, 2020, accessed on August 8, 2020 .
  15. ^ Association of German Architects »Forum Merzhausen Culture and community center. Retrieved May 4, 2019 .
  16. ^ Bürgerbad , accessed on July 11, 2012
  17. ^ VfR Merzhausen - football, swimming, gymnastics, hockey, volleyball. Retrieved August 8, 2020 .
  18. Merzhausen municipality. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
  19. Owls in our garden , article on from June 4, 2015
  20. Kurt Heynicke Archive , accessed on July 11, 2012