|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Freiburg|
|County :||Breisgau-Upper Black Forest|
|Management Community :||Witches Valley|
|Height :||275 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||2.76 km 2|
|Residents:||5280 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1913 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||79249|
|Area code :||0761|
|License plate :||FR|
|Community key :||08 3 15 073|
|LOCODE :||DE ZHU|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Christian Ante|
|Location of the municipality of Merzhausen in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district|
Merzhausen connects seamlessly to the city of Freiburg in the north and east and forms the gateway to the Hexental . In the south it borders on the municipality of Au , which like it belongs to the Hexental administrative community, and in the west on the municipality of Ebringen .
Merzhausen is the smallest municipality in the district with the highest population density, which is also higher than that of Freiburg.
Located between the Schönberg and the Black Forest at the northern end of the Hexental , Merzhausen belongs to the so-called Vorbergzone as well as to the Black Forest, as the main fault between the Upper Rhine Graben and the Black Forest runs through the municipality . The community lies at an altitude of 254 to 538 m.
The community consists of the village of Merzhausen and the Jesuit Castle .
Merzhausen was first mentioned in 786 when the local landowner Heimo gave away goods to the St. Gallen Abbey. During the 14th century the place came under Habsburg-Austrian sovereignty. After various Freiburg noble families had owned the place as a manor, the Freiburg Jesuit monastery acquired it in 1635 . After the order was abolished in 1773, it passed to the Schnewlin Bernlapp von Bollschweil family and, after their expiry in 1838, to the Schauenburg family . After the Austrian sovereignty was transferred to the Habsburg branch line Austria-Este in 1803 , the place and the entire Breisgau fell to the newly established Grand Duchy of Baden in 1806 .
In 1980/81 the Schoenstatt Chapel was built on the northern slope of Schönberg, below the Jesuit Palace . The foundation stone, a stone from the tower of the minster , was blessed during the Freiburg Catholic Day in 1978. In 1981 the chapel was consecrated by the then Archbishop Oskar Saier .
|Party / list||Share of votes||+/-% p||Seats||+/-|
|GREEN||44.1%||- 4.4||6th||- 1|
|CDU||22.6%||- 6.3||3||- 1|
|SPD||13.3%||+ 13.3||2||+ 2|
|FBG *||19.9%||- 2.7||3||± 0|
+/−: Difference to the previous municipal election in 2014 * Free Citizens' Community Merzhausen
Christian Ante has been mayor of the Merzhausen community since July 1, 2009.
coat of arms
The Merzhauser coat of arms shows on a silver (white) background a red armored black bear turned to the right, symbol for belonging to the St. Gallen monastery, holding the coat of arms of the Schnewlin family, horizontally divided in gold and green, in front of him.
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2005, the unrestricted purchasing power per inhabitant was € 20,871; There are only forty municipalities in Baden-Württemberg that have a higher purchasing power. In addition to a grocery discounter in the north and a full-range supplier in the south, the community has a few smaller retail stores on Hexentalstrasse and in the center of the village. Every Saturday there is a weekly market on the market square in front of Forum Merzhausen from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.
In 2020, there will still be two of the four wineries that were formerly four, which cultivate the Müller-Thurgau, Gutedel, Spät-, Grau- and Weißburgunder as well as Riesling grapes on approx. One of them has been offering solidarity viticulture since 2020 . Seven catering establishments, two of which have guest rooms, offer their services. There is even a brewery on site.
In addition to the Moser construction company, there are predominantly small and medium-sized businesses in the trade, craft and service sectors as well as free professions in Merzhausen.
Until 2005 there was a separate police station in Merzhausen, which was closed. The nearest police station is in Freiburg-Haslach .
The Hexental administrative community publishes the Hexentäler Official Journal every fortnight , which is distributed free of charge to all households. In addition, a free information brochure about the Verbandsgemeinden Hexental is published every two years by A + K Verlag.
In addition to various kindergartens and crèches, Merzhausen has a primary school (Hexentalschule) and various private schools. There is a Catholic public library and two senior residences.
The school building, which until 2011 also contained a secondary school, was on private land. In recognition of his donation, the municipality named the building after Alois Rapp in 2011. The rooms of the secondary school that became vacant were occupied by local associations.
There is also a post office and a recycling center in town.
Merzhausen is one of the few communities without its own fire brigade . Instead, the Freiburg fire brigade takes on the relevant tasks. Merzhauser citizens can work as volunteer firefighters in the Lower City Department of the Freiburg Fire Brigade.
The headquarters for teaching media on the Internet is located in Merzhausen .
The L122 connects Merzhausen with the city of Freiburg and the communities in Hexental.
The bus line 7208 of the Südbadenbus GmbH between Bad Krozingen and Freiburg Hauptbahnhof travels through Hexental and connects Merzhausen in Freiburg-Vauban to the Freiburg light rail network. It is supplemented by a citizens' bus on Sunday afternoons . Merzhausen belongs to the Freiburg tariff zone of the Freiburg Regional Transport Association . Since August 2020 there has been a charging station for electric vehicles opposite the town hall with two charging points with an output of 22 kilowatts.
Culture and sights
The Church of St. Gallus was first mentioned in 786. The "Old Church", which still shapes the townscape today, was built in 1759/60. A new church was built next to this building between 1976 and 1978. The old church , connected to this, was renovated in 1978.
The Forum Merzhausen (official spelling FORUM | Merzhausen) in the center of the village is a culture and community center and was completed in November 2012. The glass walkway encloses a small hall with approx. 120 and a separate large hall with 457 seats. The building, created by hotz + architekten in collaboration with becker + haindl, Stuttgart, Freiburg, was awarded the Hugo Häring award in 2014.
Sport, recreation and nature
The community pool, which is run by citizens (non-profit), has an indoor pool with a sauna, a sunbathing area and an outdoor pool for small children, as well as a café.
In the center of the village there is a sports hall with a beach volleyball facility, as well as a water treading area on the renatured village stream. In the south on the border to Au are the sports grounds of VfR Merzhausen , with over 3500 members (as of 2020) one of the largest sports clubs in southern Baden, the courts of the Hexental tennis club and the club for family dogs and dog sports in DVG eV Merzhausen .
Merzhausen is the starting point of the historic beggar's path , an old route connection from Freiburg via Staufen im Breisgau and Sulzburg to Badenweiler , which is now designated as a hiking trail .
The fact that long- eared owls successfully brooding were observed and documented in a garden on Schlossweg in 2015 also speaks for the village's closeness to nature .
In the forum Merzhausen u. a. Concerts and exhibitions like Merzhausen take place in December . In summer there is a Dorfhock and on the Saturday before the 1st Advent there is a Christmas market on the market square.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Lambert Schill (1888–1976), politician (center, CDU), member of the state parliament, Baden agriculture minister, member of the Bundestag and honorary citizen of the community
- Erwin Sumser (1891–1961), German doctor and pioneer of nature conservation
- Bernhard Hassenstein (1922–2016), German behavioral biologist, co-founder of biocybernetics in Germany, lived in Merzhausen.
- Konrad Hesse (1919–2005), constitutional lawyer and judge at the Federal Constitutional Court, last lived in Merzhausen.
- Kurt Heynicke (1891–1985), German writer, lived in Merzhausen from 1943 until his death in 1985 and in 1974 received the community's medal of merit. The Kurt Heynicke archive is also located here.
- Bertold Hummel (1925–2002), German composer, lived in Merzhausen from 1932 to 1956.
- Gustav Hummel (1881–1963), senior teacher, organist and choirmaster, lived in Merzhausen from 1932 until his death in 1963 and was made an honorary citizen of the community in 1949.
- Hugo Ott (* 1931), German historian, lives in Merzhausen.
- Helmut Schmidt-Vogt (1918–2008), German forestry practitioner and forest scientist, lived in Merzhausen from 1969 until his death in 2008.
- Eugen Sumser (1930–2013), German horticultural entrepreneur and since 1995 honorary citizen of Merzhausen
- Karl Wißler: Merzhausen - history of a Breisgaudorfes in the Hexental . Verlag Karl Schillinger, Freiburg 1981, ISBN 3-921340-71-3
- Internet presence of the municipality of Merzhausen , accessed on July 11, 2012
- Merzhausen at the entrance of the Hexental, private websites with pictures about Merzhausen , accessed on July 11, 2012
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- There's space above, crowd below , Badische Zeitung, February 20, 2013, accessed on February 21, 2013
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume IV: Freiburg district Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2 , p. 133
- Schoenstatt Chapel , Badische Seiten, accessed on July 11, 2012
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg: Local council election: Result of the 2019 local elections in Merzhausen. Retrieved June 21, 2019 .
- Merzhausen - First solidarity vineyard. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
- Merzhausen - Eating and Drinking. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
- Merzhausen - hosts A to Z. Accessed on May 21, 2020 .
- Hexental edition 2012/2013
- A + K Verlag , accessed on July 11, 2012
- schools , merzhausen.de, accessed on November 17, 2012
- Freiburg Fire Department Department 02 Lower Town. Retrieved February 28, 2014 .
- Citizen bus Merzhausen - Home. Retrieved July 27, 2019 .
- BZ editorial team: Charging station for electric vehicles in Merzhausen. Badische Zeitung, August 8, 2020, accessed on August 8, 2020 .
- Association of German Architects »Forum Merzhausen Culture and community center. Retrieved May 4, 2019 .
- Bürgerbad , accessed on July 11, 2012
- VfR Merzhausen - football, swimming, gymnastics, hockey, volleyball. Retrieved August 8, 2020 .
- Merzhausen municipality. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
- Owls in our garden , article on Seniorentreff.de from June 4, 2015
- Kurt Heynicke Archive , accessed on July 11, 2012