March (Breisgau)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of March
March (Breisgau)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of March highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 4 '  N , 7 ° 47'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Freiburg
County : Breisgau-Upper Black Forest
Height : 219 m above sea level NHN
Area : 17.78 km 2
Residents: 9314 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 524 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 79232
Area code : 07665
License plate : FR
Community key : 08 3 15 132
Community structure: 4 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Am Felsenkeller 2
79232 March
Website :
Mayor : Helmut Mursa ( CDU )
Location of the municipality of March in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district
Frankreich Landkreis Waldshut Landkreis Lörrach Freiburg im Breisgau Landkreis Emmendingen Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis Landkreis Rottweil Au (Breisgau) Auggen Bad Krozingen Badenweiler Ballrechten-Dottingen Bötzingen Bollschweil Breisach am Rhein Breitnau Buchenbach Buggingen Ebringen Ehrenkirchen Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl Eisenbach (Hochschwarzwald) Eschbach (Markgräflerland) Feldberg (Schwarzwald) Friedenweiler Glottertal Gottenheim Gundelfingen (Breisgau) Hartheim Heitersheim Heitersheim Heuweiler Hinterzarten Horben Ihringen Kirchzarten Lenzkirch Löffingen March (Breisgau) Merdingen Merzhausen Müllheim (Baden) Müllheim (Baden) Münstertal/Schwarzwald Neuenburg am Rhein Neuenburg am Rhein Oberried (Breisgau) Pfaffenweiler St. Peter (Hochschwarzwald) St. Märgen Schallstadt Schluchsee (Gemeinde) Sölden (Schwarzwald) Staufen im Breisgau Stegen Sulzburg Titisee-Neustadt Umkirch Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl Wittnau (Breisgau)map
About this picture

March is a municipality in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg . It is located within the southern Upper Rhine Plain in the Breisgau region , about eight kilometers northwest of Freiburg im Breisgau am Nimberg .



The area of ​​the municipality of March lies in the so-called Mooswaldzone, i.e. between Kaiserstuhl and Tuniberg on the one hand and the Black Forest foothills on the other. The moss forest zone in turn lies within the Freiburg Bay . The Nimberg (usually called "Marchhügel"), a wavy, almost 7 km long, loess-covered ridge with a height difference of 25 to 65 m, runs right through the municipality . Its highest point with 253.6  m above sea level. NN lies in the district of Nimburg-Bottingen . Geologically and tectonically, the Nimberg is an isolated foothill floe from the Tertiary and Mesozoic Era, consisting of different parts, delimited by hidden faults and erosion margins . Characteristic is the multi-layered , narrow striped parceled out and intensively used arable landscape with orchards and even viticulture - incidentally also in the Marcher area.

The highest and lowest point of the municipality is located in the Neuershausen district: the highest point is at 248 m above sea ​​level in the "Alter Kolben" district on the Nimberg directly on the boundary with Nimburg (approx. 80 m south of the 220 on the hilltop -KV high-voltage lines); the lowest point of the community is 188 m above sea level, also on the border with Nimburg, the river bed of the Dreisam in the "Töbismatt" area.

To the west of the settlement area of ​​Hugstetten-Buchheim-Neuershausen flows the Dreisam (state waters of the first order), which in the middle of the 19th century (1837–1841) was enclosed and canalized in flood dams according to plans by Johann Gottfried Tulla . The Freiburg- Breisach railway line with Hugstetten station, which was opened in 1871, runs south of Hugstetten , and to the east of Holzhausen is the 5 Hattenbacher Dreieck - Basel motorway (built 1960–1962) with the Freiburg-Nord junction, where the 173 km long B 294 ( Bretten - Freiburg im Breisgau ) ends.

Community structure

The municipality of March consists of the districts of Buchheim, Holzhausen, Hugstetten and Neuershausen, to which only the villages of the same name belong. The four districts also form residential districts and localities , each with its own local council and mayor as its chairman. In the district of Holzhausen is the abandoned village of Buchsweiler (north of Holzhausen, Gewann Oberer Kapellenacker) and in the district of Hugstetten is the abandoned village of Hagenbuch (west of Hugstetten, Gewann Steinacker / Hagenbuch). The population is distributed among the districts as follows:

District 2014 2015
Buchheim 2553 2571
Holzhausen 2206 2204
Hugstetten 2907 2981
Neuershausen 1269 1268
total 8935 9024

Neighboring communities

Surrounding area of ​​March with districts

Like March, Umkirch, Gottenheim, Bötzingen and Eichstetten belong to the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district .


The Breisgau near the Rhine is one of the sunniest and warmest areas in Germany - with an average of 5.1 hours of sunshine a day. On the "Hölgacker" (m 230 high point of the March hill at Holzhausen) is located at the water tower for some years a weather station of Meteo Media AG , whose readings are available on the Internet, as well as from far more visible, about 20 m high unlit telecommunications tower.

March is located in a zone with a warm and humid temperate climate with comparatively mild winters and warm to hot summers, some of which can even have average temperatures of over 20 ° C in July and August. Due to the prevailing south-westerly winds - influence of the Burgundian Gate - Atlantic-oceanic climatic influences predominate in the Freiburg Bay . Due to this oceanic influence and its location in the Rhine Valley, March is also in the rain shadow of the Vosges . The Upper Rhine Plain has annual mean temperatures of a little over 10 ° C, making it one of the warmest areas in Germany. Parts of the municipality, which are climatically assigned to the Kaiserstuhl, even have a Mediterranean climate in places .

Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for March
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 5.0 6.9 12.2 17.4 21.1 25.3 26.6 25.8 21.8 16.6 10.5 6.3 O 16.3
Min. Temperature (° C) -0.6 -0.5 2.1 5.8 9.8 13.3 14.7 14.0 10.4 6.9 3.7 0.7 O 6.7
Precipitation ( mm ) 40 38 45 57 97 76 95 87 63 72 67 60 Σ 797
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Meteorological data

The average annual temperature of March is 11.3 ° C. In March 2015 there were 35 hot days with more than 30 ° C and nine tropical days with more than 35 ° C. On August 7, 2015, the thermometer on the March hill climbed to 38.8 ° C - on January 2, 2011 it fell to −5.5 ° C. In 2015, 59 frost days and 72 summer days with more than 25.0 ° C were registered.

With around 1,950 hours of sunshine per year, March also ranks first in Germany (2015: 2,349.8). At 797 mm, the mean annual rainfall is only slightly lower than the national average of around 800 mm (2015: 631.3 l). Most of the precipitation falls in summer. The lowest precipitation falls in February. The high rainfall in the summer can be explained by the largest number of thunderstorms in Germany that occur in the neighboring Black Forest and the Vosges. In 2015 there were 136 rainy days in March, most of the rain fell on November 20 with 49.4 l / m². On two days in November 2011 there was just 0.5 liters of precipitation; a lower amount of precipitation is not historically known in this area. Even in August of the “summer of the century 2003” , almost 50 times more rain fell than in November 2011.

In March the then was on 13 August 2003 with 40.2 ° C the highest ever measured in Germany temperature registered. March shared this value with Gärmersdorf near Amberg, Freiburg im Breisgau and Karlsruhe . This record was exceeded on July 5, 2015 and again on August 7, by measurements in Kitzingen , which is now the sole record holder with a peak value of 40.3 ° C.



Expansion of the Hallstatt culture

From the younger Stone Age (between 4000 and 2000 BC ) there are scattered finds throughout the municipality of March. From the late Hallstatt period (800–450 BC) there is still a burial mound (“Bürgle”) in Buchheim as a remnant of an entire group. With a diameter of 120 meters, it is the largest burial mound in the so-called Westhallstatt district . Today it rises almost 4 meters from the plain. After the turn of the century there was probably a Roman villa rustica between Hugstetten and Hochdorf , from which a brick kiln was found. However, the associated living space could not yet be located. Roman brick remains and Roman coins were also found on the site of Buchsweiler, north of Holzhausen, which was lost in the late Middle Ages . It is likely that this settlement dates back to Roman times . Between the 5th and 7th centuries, Alemanni immigrants settled near Buchheim and Hugstetten. Remarkable, historical finds from this period attest to this and furthermore indicate that it has existed since the 6./7. There was a permanent settlement of the March in the 19th century, but this did not necessarily correspond to the current local situation. Above Hugstetten, towards Hochdorf in Gewann Degental, an Alemannic row cemetery was built, which has only been partially excavated today, from which many impressive finds were recovered during an excavation in 1952/53. These finds - z. B. a filigree "fibula" (clothes clasp), weapons or an impressive ceramic triple vessel - can be seen today in the Colombischlössle (formerly the Museum of Prehistory and Early History ) in Freiburg.

middle Ages

Konrad Stürzel, detail from the stained glass window in the Freiburg Minster

March is a young community with an old tradition, as the localities of March are very old, for the most part older than the nearby city of Freiburg (founded in 1120). Mentioned for the first time: Buchheim in the year 769 in the Lorsch Codex (is one of the oldest places in Breisgau at all), Neuershausen a little later in 789, Holzhausen in 849 and Hugstetten in 1291. From the ending "heim" of the place Buchheim even suspect that the place existed as early as 500 AD. This assumption is also supported by the findings mentioned above. Hugstetten is certainly also much older than the first written mention tells, because here too there are numerous references and finds that point to it.

The March letter , handed down in 1430, is the first testimony of the Marchdörfer Benzhausen, Buchheim, Hochdorf, Holzhausen, Hugstetten and Neuershausen market cooperative with which they established the rights of use in the Marchwald around the southern Nimberg. Rights of way, grazing and the supply of wood were agreed upon, as were the occasional fines and their use. Thus, when naming the municipality of March, no artificial contortions were necessary, because the Mark (“bounded area”) and its villages already existed in the Middle Ages .

In 1491 Konrad Stürtzel , the court chancellor of the Roman-German King Maximilian I , bought the villages of Benzhausen, Buchheim, Hochdorf, Holzhausen and Hugstetten from David Landeck zu Wiesneck and thus became their landlord . The family bore the name of Stürtzel von Buchheim after their nobility and had owned a moated castle in Buchheim since the 16th century. Dr. It was also Stürtzel who founded the parish “St. Pankratius ”donated.

At that time, all Marchdörfer belonged to the rulership of Front Austria and were therefore purely Catholic places. The neighboring towns of Bötzingen, Eichstetten, Nimburg and Vörstetten, on the other hand, belonged to the Protestant margraviate of Baden - which is still indicated by the inclined beam in their respective municipal coats of arms. As a Catholic exclave , Reute , like the Marchorte, belonged to Upper Austria (here, too, the origin can be read from the Austrian bar in the municipal coat of arms ). At that time there were very close contacts in Reute, especially with Holzhausen. Thus, the territorial border between the Baden and the Upper Austrian parts of the country ran along the boundaries of the places mentioned here. The Margraviate of Baden and the Upper Austria were part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from the 14th to the beginning of the 19th century .

Modern times

Even if it did not go off without tensions and disputes over the centuries, the villages of the March always formed a unit. This remained so after the Markgenossenschaft was dissolved in 1766 and each municipality received its share of the Allmend as property. It is thanks to this fact that at this time district plans were drawn up for the first time for the villages.

During the revolutionary movement in Baden in 1848/49 , the Buchheim beer keeper Johann Baptist Müller appeared as leader in March. In Neuershausen, the community tried to expropriate a forest that had been sold to Baron von Falkenstein. Hugstetten and his castle were haunted with requisitions by the revolutionary Johann Maximilian Dortu, who was later shot in Freiburg .

The scene of the train accident at Hugstetten

The state of war, Prussian occupation, costs of the revolution, but also crop failures and supply problems between 1850 and 1865 prompted many citizens and entire families to seek their salvation in the emigration of v. a. of America , Hungary and Algeria to look for. After 1860 the economic situation in the Marchorten improved noticeably, and slowly the industry was revived here too, especially in Neuershausen and Hugstetten, where smaller factories were now being built. Another advantage for Hugstetten's development was that it was connected to the Freiburg-Breisach railway line with a stop in 1871 (from 1878 to Colmar ). But in 1882 the train accident at Hugstetten , which made the community sadly famous, also revealed the dangers and risks of the then ultra-modern mass transport.

Between 1906 and 1919, the Marchorte received electricity across the board, which at that time was needed almost exclusively for lighting. During the Second World War , in the spring of 1945, eleven and six people were killed and numerous buildings were destroyed in air raids on Holzhausen and Neuershausen. From April 20, French troops marched into the Marchorten and ended the war there. In the late 1950s / early 1960s drinking water networks were laid in the villages, and finally the sewage networks around a decade later.

The population, which was around 500 souls for a few centuries (with occasional fluctuations), rose in all four March villages considerably after 1945: in Buchheim from 627 to 1216, in Holzhausen from 565 to 873, in Hugstetten from 672 to 1602 and in Neuershausen from 582 to 766. In the 1960s, the first new building and commercial areas emerged.

Today's community was created as part of the community reform through the merger of the communities Buchheim, Holzhausen, Hugstetten and Neuershausen on December 1, 1973. But it was a long way to go, because initially all the towns wanted to maintain their independence. Hugstetten and Hochdorf initially aimed for their own "satellite town" with high-rise buildings, their own infrastructure and around 20,000 inhabitants. Holzhausen tried to build up the population by designating new building areas and building five “high-rise buildings” in such a way that incorporation would be off the table, which ultimately remained unsuccessful and led to the approval of a new unified community “March” - as in Buchheim. Only Neuershausen flirted with incorporation into Freiburg. Only when Hochdorf decided in two referendums for incorporation into Freiburg, the way to the new municipality of March was also mapped out for Neuershausen and Hugstetten.

In November 1991 an arson attack was carried out on the asylum home in March-Neuershausen.

Religious affiliation

  • Catholic: 4433
  • Evangelical: 1954
  • Other: 59
  • Without: 2317

(As of December 31, 2013)


Local government association

Together with the neighboring municipality of Umkirch , March founded the municipal administration association “March-Umkirch” based in March. The chairman of the association is Helmut Mursa (CDU), the vice chairman of the association is Walter Laub.

Municipal council

Local elections 2019
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-2.2  % p
+ 2.1  % p.p.
+ 2.2  % p
-2.1  % p
Distribution of seats in 2019
A total of 18 seats

Since the legislative period in 2009, the March municipal council has consisted of four parliamentary groups; since 2014 it has 18 seats. The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following results (figures in brackets: comparison to 2014 election):

CDU 26.7% (−2.2) 5 seats (−0)
SPD 15.7% (+2.1) 3 seats (+1)
The green 29.0% (+2.2) 5 seats (+0)
Independent Citizens List March 28.6% (−2.1) 5 seats (−1)

With 7,442 eligible voters, the turnout was 61.9% (4,606).

The Marcher town hall "Am Felsenkeller" in the district of Hugstetten


Rudolf Sontheimer was elected 1st Mayor of March; before that, councilor Herbert Doll was mayor of the community for about five months as the administrator. Sontheimer's successor was the then 30-year-old accounting office manager, Josef Hügele. Since March 30, 2015 , the lawyer Helmut Mursa has headed the municipal administration and council . He was elected to this office on January 25, 2015, at the age of 34, in the first ballot and has officially been in office since March 30, 2015. He is only the third mayor, but the fourth head of the municipality of March. Before that, he worked as a lawyer in a large company in the field of money and valuables transport based in Schallstadt . Helmut Mursa was born in 1980 in Mosbach in northern Baden and grew up there. After high school and basic military service , he studied law . He completed his legal traineeship at the Freiburg Regional Council , among others . Mursa is married, has four children and lives with his family in the Buchheim district of the municipality of March. All previous community leaders at a glance:

  • 1973 - 1974: Herbert Doll (clerk)
  • 1974 - 1982: Rudolf Sontheimer
  • 1982 - 2015: Josef Hügele (initially as administrative administrator)
  • since 2015: Helmut Mursa


The budget for the 2016 financial year:

  • Administrative budget: 22,120,440.00 euros
  • Asset budget: 6,442,225.00 euros
  • no debt

coat of arms

Since 1975, the municipality has had the municipal coat of arms , which (in different colors) indicates the earliest manors: In a split shield on the right, a cut red cross of nails on a white background for the Lorsch Abbey and a silver bear on a red background on the left for the St. Gallen .

Former municipal coat of arms
Coat of arms March-Buchheim.png
Coat of arms March-Holzhausen.svg
Coat of arms Hugstetten.png
Coat of arms Neuershausen.png

Until 1974, each of the four districts had their respective coat of arms as the municipal coat of arms. These are:

  • Buchheim: In silver on a green three-mountain, a green beech with a black trunk
  • Holzhausen: The oldest of the four coats of arms (proven as early as 1574) shows three golden scythe irons placed next to each other in red, the tips turned upwards
  • Hugstetten: In blue on a green Dreiberg, a golden tin tower with an open gate and two open windows
  • Neuershausen: In silver on a green three-mountain, a striding red stag
Sign pointing to the Marcher partner community of Holzhausen (Saxony)


March's partner community is Holzhausen in Saxony, which has around 6300 inhabitants and was incorporated into Leipzig in 1999 .

Culture and sights

Church buildings

  • The Catholic St. George's Church in Buchheim with its late Gothic choir and baroque nave, built in 1757, is the earliest church mentioned in the entire Breisgau (mentioned in 769). The tower from the 16th century was given the rather high, current peak in the second half of the 19th century. The much older tower substructure is dated to 1586.
  • The Buchheim cemetery chapel with a small bell tower and valuable neo-baroque altar dates from the 19th century
  • The Catholic St. Pankratius Church in Holzhausen was completed in 1781. The fortified bell tower, built in 1471/72, was preserved, making it by far the oldest building in March. The bells from the construction period of 1472 have long since disappeared. A new three-part bell was cast as early as 1756 . In 1917 one of the bells had to be delivered for war purposes. When another bell broke, a new bell was cast again in 1934 - but only one bell survived the war that followed. Today's four-part bell comes from 1960. The church also houses a baptismal font that was once donated by the local rule of Harsch . The baptismal font was already in the previous church and dates from 1614. One of the many art objects in the parish church is a baroque chalice, which was also donated by the von Harsch family and which once belonged to the parish church of Buchsweiler. The Buchsweiler church from the Middle Ages was followed in the 17th century by a brother house with a chapel, both of which were demolished by 1800 at the latest.
  • The Holzhauser rectory was built in 1687. Since the Margrave of Baden was the main tenth lord in Holzhausen , he also had the obligation to build the church and the magnificent rectory, which was last renovated in the mid-1990s.
  • The Holzhauser Friedhofskapelle from 1914 with a small bell tower, the "Vanottigruft" (pastor Theodor Siegfried Vanotti † 1911 is buried there) and a large altar painting. A funeral hall was added to the chapel in 1983.
  • Today's Protestant Martin Luther Church went to the Protestant parish in 1966 and was built in 1772 as the Catholic parish church of St. Gallus with a baroque onion dome . In 1878 it was extended by a window axis and equipped with a new ridge tower (still with a bell room). In 1967 the Protestant parish had the church thoroughly renovated. It was equipped with a modern, new roof turret (without a bell room).
  • The new building of the Catholic St. Galluskirche Hugstetten was built between 1960 and 1963 according to the plans of the Hugstetter architect Anton Lips. The choir of the modern altar furnishings contains reused relics from the former St. Gallus Church. The church artist and painter Wilfrid Perraudin, who lived in Freiburg until the early 1990s, created a series of tall windows with Old Testament motifs in leaded glazing that adorn the light-flooded church . The new St. Gallus Church contains a church organ, consecrated in 1978, with two manuals, a pedal and 25 sounding stops.
  • The Hugstetter vicarage was built in 1777 by the Freiburg city ​​architect Johann Baptist Häring . The community bought the baroque rectory in 1984 and has since used it as town hall II of the local administration. Today it houses u. a. the land registry of March and the marriage room of the registry office .
  • The Hugstetter Trinity Chapel on the old way to Hochdorf, near the old manorial castle mill. It originally stood at the location of today's Gasthaus Zum Roten Kreuz (named after the Andlau coat of arms ).
Trinity Chapel Neuershausen
  • The Catholic St. Vincentius Church in Neuershausen was completed in 1765 and at the time was crowned with an onion dome. This had to be demolished in 1787 due to its dilapidation. A tower dome with a lantern replaced the original tower end. In the early 1970s, the magnificent church was renovated inside and out. The Ravensburg sculptor Josef Henger and the Freiburg restorer Michael Bauernfeind were involved.
  • The Neuershauser parsonage dates back to 1749. Johann Martin Vonderlew from Bregenz, who was in charge of the new church building in Neuershausen, was also involved in the construction of the parsonage.
  • The Trinity Chapel Neuershausen on the connecting road to Holzhausen. There was a chapel there as early as the 17th century. The surgeon Franz Brunner from Neuershausen had today's chapel built around 1780. It contains an altar painting with a copy of Raphael's famous Trinity painting .


There is a lock in each of the suburbs. These buildings are lavish mansions of noble families, today all privately owned and not open to the public:

  • The old castle of Hugstetten , opposite the building yard, originally built by the Konrad Stürtzel von Buchheim family, who ruled the town, was used for many years as the administration building of the Hugstetter castle.
  • The Hugstetter Schloss , built around 1805, is a three-story plastered building with seven window axes. An expanding extension dates back to 1907. The coat of arms above the gable on the courtyard side provides information about the builders of the castle, as the building files were lost. It is the coat of arms of the later Grand Ducal Baden State Minister Conrad Karl Friedrich von Andlau-Birseck . As a result of the succession, the castle finally passed to the Lords of Mentzingen , who still live there today. The former castle park of Hugstetten , in the style of an English garden, was created 1820–1830 at the instigation of the then lord of the castle Conrad von Andlau . He was so well known in the 19th century that Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy visited him in 1837 on the occasion of a stay in Freiburg. Today it is partially open to the public. To him belonged:
    • Stately manor (today's building yard)
    • Old castle
    • Property of the former Catholic Church
    • lock
    • Anthony statue
    • Tea house
    • former Belvedere observation tower
    • Gardener's house (one of the locations of the film Jesus Loves Me from 2012)
    • Castle mill, dated 1790
    • Distillery with stepped gable (next to the castle mill) dated to 1855
    • Bridge over the Mühlgraben to the island

A castle presumably stood at the location of today's castle, see also Hugstetten Castle . That there was once a castle in Hugstetten is indicated by the symbolism of the Zinnenturm in the local coat of arms.

  • Today's Buchheim Castle dates largely from the 18th, the associated farmyard (mill) from the 16th and 18th centuries. The castle was the seat of the local rule of the Stürtzel von Buchheim until 1790 and then the barons of Schackmin until they moved to Hugstetten. On a base of the castle, an inscription with the year 1595 suggests the previous building.
  • The Holzhauser Schloss was built in 1756 shortly after the von Harsch family's castle fire in Reute, as a replacement seat for them. When the last descendant, Carl von Harsch, died childless in 1874, the castle passed to the former estate manager and later mayor Ferdinand Köllinger and his descendants, who still own and live in the castle today. This relatively modest mansion had to be demolished in 1962 because it was in disrepair. It was eventually rebuilt in the old shapes and proportions.
  • The Neuershauser Schloss was completed in 1783. At that time it was "the most stately and impressive mansion in the Breisgau on the plain" in front of Freiburg. It was largely based on French models and was supplemented by a beautifully landscaped park with a castle pond. The client was Countess Elisabeth von Schauenburg- Hennin . Today the castle is owned by the Marschall von Bieberstein family .


  • The museum is since it opened on 27 May 1988 in the sponsorship of the home club March e. V. The museum itself is located in four buildings Am Felsenkeller in Hugstetten:
    • The old parish barn. Old agricultural and handicraft tools are housed here.
    • The Brennhaus (former wash house of the rectory). There are crockery and wine presses there.
    • The back house (former wash house of the castle). Furnished as a kitchen with a large wood oven for baking bread.
    • The Town Hall II (the old rectory). There is an exhibition room in Town Hall II. In the stairwell of the building, other old objects and especially the traditional Marcher costume are shown. This costume has been worn by members of the Heimatverein on festive days for several years. The local history museum is open from April to October, on the first Sunday of each month from 2 to 6 p.m. The activities of the home association can be viewed on the community homepage.
  • Gerspach's oven museum in Hugstetten. Just a few steps from the train station, on Industriestrasse, is the oven museum with over 300 historical ovens, including rare collector's items. Guided tours can be arranged by telephone - with a Baden farmer's snack on request.

Other sights

The March observatory opened in May 2008
  • In the Freiburg Minster there are references to Marcher rule in two places:
    • Glass windows in the Lichtenfels chapel show members of the Neuershauser village rulers in the 16th century: Cornelius von Lichtenfels zu Neuershausen and Hans von Lichtenfels zu Neuershausen, each with the family coat of arms.
    • Stained glass windows in the Stürtzel Chapel show the Chancellor Dr. Konrad Stürtzel von Buchheim with his next of kin. The original glass windows were created in 1528 and are now housed in the Augustiner Museum.
  • March Observatory On May 2nd, 2008, the only observatory in the Rhine Valley between Karlsruhe and Basel was opened on the March hill between Buchheim and Holzhausen . The March Adult Education Center operates the observatory and offers observation evenings, always on the second Tuesday of the month. The Marcher Planet Trail begins from the observatory and explains the solar system with its eight planets .

Regular events

  • Observatory of the March Adult Education Center on the 1st Tuesday of the month
  • Local museum March on the 1st Sunday of the month
  • Big fools parade of the Marchwaldgeister fool's guild on the 1st Sunday after Dreikönig (every two years in odd years)
  • Slamming the windows ( sliding fire ) on the Saturday after Shrovetide; Organizer: Holzhauser Verein f. Culture u. history
  • Cycling race on Ascension Day ; Organizer: RV Concordia Holzhausen e. V.
  • Popular cycling on the 2nd Sunday of September; Organizer: RV Concordia Holzhausen e. V.
  • Bavarian morning pint on the national holiday; Organizer: March fire brigade
  • Marcher Christmas market on the weekend of the 1st Advent; Organizer of the March association
  • Blood donation appointment one day before Christmas Eve; Organizer DRK local association March

Economy and Infrastructure


The public transport in March is characterized by the good interaction of the local transport companies. During the day, Südbadenbus GmbH operates direct from Freiburg main station via the Freiburg-Moosweiher tram crossing and the train station in March-Hugstetten, March every 30 minutes. Likewise the Breisgau-S-Bahn , which leaves from the train station in March-Hugstetten every half hour in the direction of Freiburg and Gottenheim / Breisach. The short journey time of 8 minutes to Freiburg main station is particularly attractive, while the bus takes around 20 minutes on the same route.

The cooperation agreement between RVF and NVBW of March 11, 2009 includes the electrification of the Breisgau S-Bahn by 2018. A connection-free connection will then exist between Breisach and Villingen . A partial double-track expansion of the line is also under discussion (oncoming traffic at the stops FR-Landwasser (formerly FR-West), Gottenheim and Ihringen ). S-Bahn trains will then run via Hugstetten every 15 minutes, but this also depends on the construction of the 3rd and 4th tracks of the Rheintalbahn . The Regio-Shuttle railcar with the vehicle identification VT 009 was baptized with the name of the community “March” when it was put into operation.

In addition, the districts of Neuershausen, Buchheim and Hugstetten are served by the lines 295/297/299 of the Schmitt Reisen company. However, these trips are only single connections to the Kaiserstuhl and only prove themselves for direct trips in this direction without the hassle of changing trains and long waiting times. On school days, the Binninger company also offers a connection in the direction of Umkirch or Gundelfingen (via Holzhausen) to the educational center for schoolchildren with line 204 . Since 2003 the new bus line 25 of the Freiburger Verkehrs AG has been set up from Hugstetten train station, which connects March with Hochdorf and the industrial area north during rush hour on weekdays.

The nearest airports are Freiburg Airport (6 km) and the international airports of EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (70 km), Strasbourg (75 km), Baden-Baden (83 km), Zurich-Kloten (110 km) and Stuttgart Airport (155 km).

The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan of the German Federal Government provides for the four-track expansion of the Rhine Valley Railway of Deutsche Bahn by 2020, the planned date of completion of the Gotthard Base Tunnel . The two new tracks, the third and fourth track of the Rheintalbahn, which according to current planning should be reserved for freight traffic, are to be built directly to the east on the A5. Thus a small part of this railway line would run on Marcher territory. A start of construction of the section 8.1 Riegel - March has not yet been determined. According to press reports (as of March 2012), however, the federal government is expressly sticking to the completion of the entire route by 2020.

On September 3, 1882, there was a major railway accident in the Mooswald near Hugstetten (now the Animal Hygiene Institute). The train accident at Hugstetten , in which the special train Freiburg - Colmar jumped off the rails and claimed 64 deaths and over 200 injured, was the worst and most momentous railway accident in the German Reich and retained this title until the collision of two express trains at Genthin station on May 21 December 1939 with about 180 fatalities at the time.

0.7 kilometers of federal autobahn, 2.0 kilometers of federal road, 11.4 kilometers of state roads and 3.9 kilometers of district roads run through March. A total of 18.0 kilometers of inter-regional roads run through the municipality. The Breisgau S-Bahn continues for 3.4 kilometers through the area of ​​the municipality of March. Originally there were 1,600 meters of secondary or industrial tracks in March, of which only 300 meters are in operation today.

The municipality of March is directly or indirectly connected to the following trunk roads:

Junction Freiburg-Nord via Landesstraße  187 (1.5 km to OT-Holzhausen)
Junction Freiburg-Mitte via Bundesstrasse 31a and Landesstrasse 116 (3.5 km to OT-Hugstetten)
Junction Nimburg - Teningen via Landesstrasse 114 and Landesstrasse 116 (7.0 km to OT-Neuershausen)
Exit March / Reute via Kreisstraße  5141 (6.0 km to OT-Holzhausen)
Exit Freiburg-Nord / Autobahn (5.0 km to OT-Holzhausen)
Exit March / Umkirch via Landesstraße 116 (1.5 km to OT-Hugstetten)
Exit March-West via Landesstraße 187 (1.5 km to OT-Buchheim)
End of the federal road via Landesstraße 187 (1.5 km to OT-Holzhausen)


In March appears as a weekly newspaper in the Upper Rhine the ReblandKurier . As a daily newspaper, the Badische Zeitung provides information on current national and local events. In addition, an official bulletin appears in March with the official news of the community as well as messages from the various institutions, associations and groups.

Educational institutions

The community runs all day care facilities for children on its own; there are no denominational or independent providers. There is an institution in each district, and there is also the “Am Bürgle” children's home with its diverse forms of care. All facilities have flexible opening times, offer flexible pick-up times and extended kindergarten care. An early registration of the children with the municipality is required. The facilities in detail:

  • Children's house “Am Bürgle” in Buchheim (Sportplatzstraße), with regular groups (some with extended opening hours), all-day groups, after-school care group, and a group of toddlers, lunch, possibility of rest
  • Kindergarten "Ort" in Buchheim (Holzhauser Straße), with a regular group (also 2-year-old children)
  • Kindergarten Holzhausen (Im Grün), with regular groups (one with extended opening hours) and a toddler group (with extended opening hours) as well as all-day groups.
  • Hugstetten kindergarten (Klosterweg), with regular groups (one with extended opening hours), a toddler group, lunch
  • Kindergarten Neuershausen (Rathausstraße), with regular groups (also 2-year-old children)

The following schools are represented in March:

  • Community school at Bürgle in Buchheim (Sportplatzstraße)
  • Primary School Holzhausen (Am Berg)
  • Primary School Hugstetten (Schulstrasse)
  • Elementary School Neuershausen (Rathausstrasse)
  • Adult Education Center March in Buchheim (Sportplatzstraße)
  • Music School Breisgau e. V.

Another educational offer is the community library in the Werkrealschule building (Sportplatzstraße). The range includes around 15,000 books for children and adults as well as board games, magazines, music CDs / DVDs and cassettes. Lending is free (however, a small annual fee is charged).

Volunteer firefighter

The March volunteer fire brigade consisted of four departments until March 2013, each with a fire station in the districts of Buchheim, Holzhausen, Hugstetten and Neuershausen . Since the completion of the new fire station on Sportplatzstrasse, there is only one central location consisting of two alarm trains and a "supplementary train", a joint honorary department and the youth fire department .

Although their extinguishing system can be traced back to the middle of the 18th century (first documented mention in 1750), the then independent volunteer fire brigades were only founded in the middle of the 20th century. The fleet of the Marcher fire brigade consists of a command vehicle , a team transport vehicle , a fire fighting group vehicle LF 16/12 (however with the same equipment / performance as an HLF 20/16 ), a fire fighting group vehicle LF 8/6 and a logistics equipment vehicle GW-L2. A TSF portable fire pump is also available for the youth fire brigade.

Around 85 volunteers (including five women) volunteer for the Marcher fire service in their free time and manage around 100 fire service missions per year (2015: 123). Up until the suspension of compulsory military service , around ten young fire brigade members did their alternative service here instead of military service or civilian service as part of the disaster control on the ABC train of the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district. This is stationed in Ihringen.


Sons and daughters of the church

  • Joseph Anton Julius Schill (* 1821 in Neuershausen; † 1880) was a teacher and geologist.
  • Peter von Mentzingen (* 1854 in Hugstetten, † 1939 in Menzingen) belonged to Chamber II from 1905 to 1912, and then to Chamber I of the Baden State Assembly from 1913 to 1918.
  • Franz Xaver Seiler (* 1870 in Neuershausen, † 1960 in Freiburg) was originally a trained butcher, emigrated to America as an orphan and returned to Breisgau as a millionaire. With his wife he acquired the Freiburg Friedrichsbau, the income from administration and leasing of which still flows into the Franz Xaver and Emma Seiler Foundation. This supports orphans of young people.
  • Karl Ritter (* 1909 in Hugstetten), last mayor of Hugstetten (1950–1973) and first honorary citizen of the municipality of March
  • Robert Schneider (* 1944 in Buchheim, municipality of March (Breisgau) near Freiburg im Breisgau), painter

Personalities associated with March


  • Heimatverein March (ed.): 20 years of the municipality of March. March 1993.
  • Heimatverein March (ed.): 1200 years Neuershausen 789–1989. March 1989.
  • Heimatverein March (ed.): 700 years Hugstetten. March 1991.
  • Hermann Brommer / Thomas Steffens: March. Rich in history and art. 1st edition. Lindenberg 2002, ISBN 3-89870-091-7 .

Web links

Commons : March  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Community bulletin, Friday, February 12, 2016, number 06, p. 3.
  3. Climatic and meteorological information: Patrick K. Gutmann (municipality March), source: Meteomedia AG
  4. Temperature record broken in Germany. on: , July 5, 2015, accessed July 6, 2015.
  5. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 4), Certificate 2676, September 1, 769 - Reg. 421. In: Heidelberg historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 202 , accessed on January 18, 2020 .
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 508 .
  7. xenophobic attacks and right-wing extremist terror , accessed 2019-11-15
  8. , website of the municipality of March.
  9. Richard Bellm: Old churches for the renewed liturgy In: Das Münster, magazine for Christian art and art history. Schnell & Steiner, 29th year, Munich / Zurich 1976, ISSN  0027-299X , p. 283.
  10. ^ A b Hermann Brommer, Thomas Steffens: March. Rich in history and art. Kunstverlag Josef Fink, Lindenberg 2002, ISBN 3-89870-091-7 .
  11. , website of the March volunteer fire brigade.
  12. Source: Foundation Administration Freiburg im Breisgau.
  13. Where Fritz Walter played for potatoes . In: Badische Zeitung. June 16, 2012.