Federal transport route plan

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan ( BVWP ) is an interdisciplinary framework program of the federal government in the sense of an integrated transport policy. It is an important planning instrument , but not a financing plan and has no legal character. The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 currently applies .


The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan includes all federal investments in its transport routes, not just new construction and expansion, but also maintenance and renewal. It is not a financing plan or program for the creation of new traffic routes ( traffic planning ).

The integrated planning for all modes of transport is created within the framework of overall transport concepts and is reflected in Federal Transport Infrastructure Plans (BVWP), which are drawn up by the Federal Ministry of Transport and decided by the Federal Cabinet for a foreseeable period of around 10 to 15 years. The BVWP forms the basis for the expansion laws for federal trunk roads, federal railways and federal waterways with the respective requirement plans.

There was no expansion law or requirement plan for the federal waterways until 2016. It was built according to the federal traffic route plan.

Requirements plans for federal railways, federal trunk roads and federal waterways

The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan is decided by the Federal Government as a government program and does not constitute a legal regulation. The requirement plans (BPl) for the federal railways, for the federal waterways and for the federal highways specify the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan for the modes of transport rail, waterway and road. As an annex to the Federal Railways Expansion Act , the Federal Waterways Expansion Act and the Trunk Road Expansion Act , they are the legal basis for the planning and construction of federal railways, federal waterways and federal trunk roads . The Federal Council is to be involved in the legislative process of the expansion laws for rail, waterways and road.

The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 , which covers the period from 2016 to 2030, was adopted by the federal government on August 3, 2016. The requirement plans for federal railways, federal waterways and federal trunk roads were approved by the German Bundestag on December 2, 2016 and passed the Federal Council on December 16. The Third Act to Amend the Federal Railways Expansion Act and the Act on the Expansion of Federal Waterways and the Amendment to the Federal Waterways Act came into force on December 29, 2016, and the Sixth Act to amend the Federal Trunk Road Act on December 31, 2016.

After every five years, it must be checked whether the requirement plans need to be adapted to the development of traffic. The results of the demand plan reviews have no immediate impact. However, you can ask parliament to adapt the requirement plans or the federal government to re-draft a federal transport infrastructure plan.


The previously valid Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan provided for investment projects of around 150 billion euros for the period up to 2015. According to the coalition agreement between the CDU, CSU and FDP of October 26, 2009, the intention was to work out a new basic concept in the legislative period of the 17th German Bundestag in preparation for the next BVWP, with which a waterway expansion law will also be prepared. The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 was approved by the Federal Cabinet on August 3, 2016. It envisages a total investment volume of more than 264.5 billion euros over its term. Its volume exceeds that of the previous BVWP 2003 by 91 billion euros.


Each project is classified according to urgency under "Urgent need (VB)" or "Further need (WB)". In addition, projects that have already been scheduled are referred to as FD. The assessment criteria are the benefit-cost ratio , the spatial planning significance (so-called spatial effectiveness analysis), and the environmental risk and FFH compatibility assessment . The sizes mentioned are expressed in key figures.

Road construction projects

All road construction projects were presented for the first time in tabular form in the BVWP 2003 with the following columns:

  • consecutive number (by country)
  • Street, e.g. B. "A 3" or "B 10"
  • Designation, e.g. B. "Relocation in Herbrechtingen"
  • Construction type; this is a four-digit code: The first two digits are digits that indicate the number of lanes before and after. The third and fourth digits provide information about the presence of hard shoulder before and after. Here: "K" means no hard shoulder, "L" and "R" hard shoulder only left and right respectively in the direction of the kilometrage , "B" both sides hard shoulder.
    Example: "46BB" means that before there are four lanes and hard shoulder on both sides, then there are six lanes and hard shoulder on both sides.
  • Length in km
  • Federal investment after 2003 (in million euros)
  • BVWP number, e.g. B. "BW7088"
  • Comment.

In the BVWP 2030, the table has been expanded to include additional columns, for example on assessments. Instead of the type of construction, the construction objective is specified, such as N 3 + E 4 for three-lane new construction and expansion to 4 lanes.

Legal effects

The traffic route plan does not have any direct legal effects, however, according to the highest court rulings of the Federal Administrative Court, the needs assessments of the trunk road expansion law , which result from the federal traffic route plan, should be binding as one of the few supra-local plans within the scope of the weighing up according to § 17 of the Federal Trunk Road Act (FStrG) to the effect that in A missing requirement should not be assumed as part of the planning approval . This determination of the need is also intended to bind the administrative judiciary, so that, in the context of the review of the weighing of the administration after weighing errors , they cannot assume that there is a lack of need. An exception should only apply if the forecasts on which the demand route plan is based represent an untenable assessment of traffic development. However, the review of this untenability should not be the responsibility of the administrative courts, but rather the Federal Constitutional Court , as this is a legal decision.


The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan is being drawn up in eight stages (as of February 2002):

  1. Development of scenarios and forecasts of traffic development
  2. Modernization of the assessment methodology
  3. Review of the transport networks, project registrations and project definitions
  4. Evaluation of the projects, proof of building worthiness
  5. Creation of an urgency ranking, taking into account the available financial resources
  6. Coordination and hearing of the departments, countries and associations
  7. Cabinet decision
  8. Legislative procedure for the expansion laws

In the course of the procedure, scenarios are developed from overriding transport policy goals ( meta level ) ( scenario level ), from which an overall economic assessment ( assessment level ) emerges.

The process can vary from issue to issue. Since 2016, the participation procedure (point 6 above) has also been open to citizens.



In view of the increasing investments in transport routes by the federal government, coordination of the planning of the transport routes was required in the mid-1960s. The Leber Plan presented in October 1967 envisaged the creation of a federal transport route program for rail, road, waterway and air traffic as one of numerous measures . The aim was to better connect conurbations, industrial centers and ports, relieve the traffic routes in metropolitan areas, expand the sea access routes to the ports, promote the economically weaker areas, align the traffic situation with the reunification of Germany , and network the transport networks of the Federal Republic of Germany and its neighboring European countries more closely . The first Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan in 1973 emerged from this concept .

From 2001 onwards

The previous Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2003 , which covered the period from 2001 to 2015, was approved by the federal government on July 2, 2003. The requirement plans for federal railways and federal highways were passed by the German Bundestag and the Bundesrat in July 2004. The first law amending the Federal Railways Expansion Act came into force on September 22, 2004, and the fifth law amending the Federal Trunk Road Act on October 16, 2004.

Between 2003 and 2010, eleven studies were carried out on the economic evaluation of rail transport projects in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan. Deutsche Bahn voluntarily provided data for the evaluation of rail transport projects.

On October 13, 2011, a public mass petition supported by more than 50 organizations and citizens' initiatives nationwide was submitted to the Petitions Committee of the German Bundestag with the request that all federal road projects be critically and openly reviewed for their necessity. The petition was under parliamentary scrutiny from December 20, 2011 and was closed on June 28, 2012, “because the request could not be dealt with”. In the justification it was pointed out that parts of the demands already agreed with the current plans, that an increase in rail freight traffic by 45% would only reduce road freight traffic by 10%, that the federal trunk road expansion was recently debated in the Bundestag and that for the Development of the BVWP 2030 a new basic concept will be created. A participation process was carried out in the spring of 2016 when drawing up the FTIP 2030.

Federal traffic route plans

The first five federal traffic route plans are usually named after the year in which they were adopted. The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 was renamed while it was being drawn up and has the last year of its term in its name.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Announcement on the participation of the public in the context of the preparation of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 of March 8, 2016 ( BAnz AT March 14, 2016 B4 )
  2. Götz Hausding: Bundestag approves three expansion laws for the federal transport infrastructure plan . In: German Bundestag . ( bundestag.de [accessed on January 13, 2017]).
  3. FEDERAL Stenographic Record 952nd session. December 16, 2016, accessed January 13, 2017 .
  4. BGBl. 2016 I p. 3221 , BGBl. 2016 I p. 3224 , BGBl. 2016 I p. 3354
  5. ^ Coalition agreement of October 26, 2009, p. 35 ( Memento of November 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF, 643 kB).
  6. Cabinet approves Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030. In: Press release 129/2016. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, archived from the original on August 3, 2016 ; Retrieved August 3, 2016 .
  7. Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure: Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 - modernize, network, accelerate . Press release number 035/2016. Online at www.bmvi.de, accessed on March 16, 2016.
  8. ^ Judgment of the Federal Administrative Court of January 25, 1996 - 4 C 5/95 - (A 60 federal motorway) ( Memento of November 22, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
  9. a b Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing (Ed.): Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2003. Basic features of the macroeconomic evaluation method . Berlin, February 2002, p. 12.
  10. publisher: BMVI - Concept for Public Participation in the context of the development of the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2015. In: www.bmvi.de. Accessed on January 13, 2017 ( direct link to PDF ).
  11. ^ Peter Koch: New and upgraded lines of the DB . In: Deine Bahn , issue 7/1982, pp. 385–388.
  12. Leber defends his transport reform . In: Die Bundesbahn , ISSN  0007-5876 , 20/1967, pp. 766-771.
  13. Excerpt from an information template from the BMVBS on the historical development of transport route planning in Germany. Bonn 2009
  14. BGBl. 2004 I p. 2322
  15. BGBl. 2004 I p. 2574
  16. German Bundestag (Ed.): Answer of the Federal Government to the small question of the MPs Dr. Anton Hofreiter, Winfried Hermann, Bettina Herlitzius, other MPs and the BÜNDNIS 90 / DIE GRÜNEN parliamentary group - Printed matter 17/2258 - Investigations into the liberalization of long-distance bus transport and its effects on long-distance passenger rail transport (PDF; 91 kB). Printed matter 17/2535 of July 8, 2010.
  17. ^ Petition: Transport - Critical examination of all federal road construction projects from October 13, 2011, accessed on February 15, 2012
  18. ^ Petition: Transport - Critical examination of all federal road construction projects from October 13, 2011, accessed on February 15, 2012