Stuttgart Airport

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Stuttgart Airport -
Manfred Rommel Airport
Stuttgart Airport Logo 2016.svg
Aerial photo EDDS edit.jpg

48 ° 41 '24 "  N , 9 ° 13' 19"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 41 '24 "  N , 9 ° 13' 19"  E

Height above MSL 360 m (1181  ft )
Transport links
Distance from the city center 12 km south of Stuttgart
Street A8 Karlsruhe – Munich and Heilbronn – TübingenB27
train planned by the construction of Stuttgart 21
Local transport S-Bahn Stuttgart : S 2 and S 3

Light rail : under construction until mid-2021. U 000000000000006.00000000006

Basic data
opening 1936
operator Stuttgart Airport GmbH
surface 395 ha
Terminals 4th
Passengers 12,721,441 (2019)
Air freight 33,726 t (2019)
142,341 (2019)
( PAX per year)
Employees over 10,000 (2016)
Start-and runway
07/25 3345 m × 45 m concrete


i11 i13

Stuttgart Airport and Stuttgart Exhibition Center with Bosch parking garage (2019)

The Stuttgart Airport ( IATA code : STR , ICAO : EDDS until 2000 Airport Stuttgart-Echterdingen ) is the international airport of Baden-Wuerttemberg state capital Stuttgart . Most of it lies within the boundaries of the cities of Leinfelden-Echterdingen and Filderstadt . The first systems on today's site were built in 1936, the current state of development was largely implemented between 1986 and 2004. Stuttgart Airport is the largest airport in Baden-Württemberg and, in terms of passenger volume, was the sixth largest airport in Germany in 2019 . Around 9,500 people are employed at the airport.

Following a decision of 15 July 2014, the airport in honor of the late former mayor of Stuttgart was Manfred Rommel in "Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Airport" (proper spelling) renamed.

Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH (FSG) was awarded the ACI Europe Best Airport Award 2014 by the European umbrella association of airport operators (Airport Council International, ACI) as “best airport in Europe” in the category of airports with between 5 and 10 million passengers.


Airport / Messe S-Bahn station
Airport junction on federal motorway 8

The airport is centrally located on the Filder plain on the southern border of the state capital Stuttgart and the district of Esslingen. The terminals are located in the Leinfelden-Echterdinger area, the runway largely belongs to Filderstadt and a small part to the Stuttgart district of Plieningen , Neuhausen and the Ostfelden district of Scharnhausen .

The grounds of the new Stuttgart Exhibition Center are directly adjacent to the airport . That is why the S-Bahn station "Flughafen" , which opened in 1993, has been called "Airport / Exhibition Center" since 2008.

Transport links

With the Stuttgart S-Bahn lines S2 ( Schorndorf –Stuttgart – Flughafen / Messe – Filderstadt ) and S3 ( Backnang –Stuttgart – Flughafen / Messe) the airport can be reached from Stuttgart main station in 27 minutes. The FilderExpress -Bus line 122 of the GR Omnibus leads via Plieningen and Ostfildern to Esslingen . Bus lines 812 and 813 operated by FMO connect the airport with the surrounding towns of Echterdingen, Stetten and Bernhausen, while line 828 runs from the airport to Tübingen, although some buses have fewer stops than airport sprinters. The Relex express bus routes X10 and X60 have been connecting the airport with Kirchheim / Teck and Leonberg since December 11, 2016 . With the exception of the RSV eXpresso express bus , which runs from the airport via Reutlingen to Pfullingen , the VVS tariff applies to all local transport .

Various long-distance bus companies also stop at the airport and thus connect it to the long-distance bus network . The new Stuttgart Airport Bus Terminal (SAB) opened on May 11, 2016 and is located right next to the airport buildings. In June 2017, the planned extension of the U6 light rail line to the airport was earmarked for costs of 95 million euros and the commissioning in 2020. As part of the Stuttgart 21 project in connection with the new Wendlingen – Ulm line from Stuttgart to Ulm, an additional long-distance and regional train station is planned at Stuttgart Airport, the Filderbahnhof Stuttgart . Commissioning is planned for December 2021 at the earliest.

The federal autobahn 8 , which connects the cities of Karlsruhe , Pforzheim , Stuttgart, Ulm , Augsburg and Munich , runs directly north of the airport . In addition, the federal highway 27 , which connects the airport to downtown Stuttgart, Tübingen and Reutlingen, is in the immediate vicinity . The airport is on the main road 312 and the Airport Tunnel of Stuttgart-Rohr-Filderstadt railway underpass.


Logo until September 21, 2016


When commercial aviation began , the Cannstatter Wasen served the city of Stuttgart as an airfield and zeppelin landing pad for several years. In 1911 Ernst Heinkel took off from here in a self-designed aircraft, and in 1919 a landing pad was created. From 1921 to 1924, Paul Straehle carried out postal flights from Wasen; regular civilian flight operations did not take place.

Böblingen Airport followed as the first civil airport in the Stuttgart area, where the first scheduled landing took place on April 20, 1925. In 1935, 184,280 passengers used Böblingen Airport and the capacity limit was reached.

Establishment at the current location

After the capacity limit was reached, the first decision was made in March 1936 to move the airport to Nellingen . Since the Nellingen site turned out to be unsuitable for instrument flight at the end of September , further locations were investigated and the current site near Bernhausen was finally selected. In December 1936, the architect Ernst Sagebiel presented a first draft for the building. Since, contrary to the wishes of the airport company, he placed it on the northern instead of the southern edge of the airport site, Echterdingen Airport was subsequently used instead of the previous name Bernhausen Airport .

After some discussion, the check-in building at the position of today's Terminal 3 was planned across the runway and connected to a cross bar on the land side, to which a restaurant with 2,500 seats and an arched, 952-meter-long visitor terrace with a capacity of 50,000 people connect to the west should. A characteristic feature of the terminal building was a long staircase, which was necessary due to a height difference of 5 meters between the entrance and the runway.

In April 1937, construction work began on the new airport; Due to the onset of rationing of building materials, however, the targeted completion date of October 1938 could not be met. It was not until February 1939 that the topping-out ceremony could finally be celebrated. The opening planned for September 1939 no longer took place due to the beginning of the Second World War . The estimated construction costs of 18 million Reichsmarks (equivalent to a current equivalent of 77 million euros ) were well below the contemporary projects in Munich-Riem and Berlin-Tempelhof .

During the Second World War

The Air Force took over the airport on August 18, 1939, before the outbreak of war, and built twelve hangars on the south side to station and repair aircraft. Daimler-Benz set up a testing facility for aircraft engines .

In August 1940, the airport was opened for civil flights, but these remained insignificant. Swissair was the only foreign airline to fly to Stuttgart from 1941 on the Zurich – Stuttgart – Berlin route. From February 1943 the onward flight to Berlin was canceled, and after a Douglas DC-2 of Swissair was destroyed in an American bomb attack on the airport on August 2, 1944 , Swissair also stopped the Zurich – Stuttgart connection on August 17, 1944.

Lufthansa was able to maintain the Berlin – Stuttgart – Barcelona – Madrid – Lisbon line until September 27, 1944, when a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 aircraft was shot down on the way to Barcelona near Dijon .

The Luftwaffe flew reconnaissance missions from Stuttgart Airport to France from autumn 1939, and from May 10, 1940, additional bombing missions. In 1942, the previous grass runway was replaced by a concrete runway 1,425 meters long. In the later years of the war, primarily fighters and night fighters were stationed at Stuttgart Airport to defend against opposing bomber groups. The airport itself was bombed repeatedly from May 1942 without being significantly damaged. On August 14, 1944, during the only major attack on the airport by American bombers, around 300 incendiary and high-explosive bombs were dropped, making the runway unusable.

The following table shows a list of selected active air units (excluding school and supplementary units) of the Air Force that were stationed here between 1939 and 1945.

From To unit equipment
1939 1940 4. (F) / Enlightenment group 121 (4th Squadron of Reconnaissance Group 121)
June 1940 June 1940 II./KG 51 (II. Group of Kampfgeschwader 51) Junkers Ju 88A
December 1940 January 1941 Staff, I./StG. 3 (I. Group of Sturzkampfgeschwader 3) Junkers Ju 87B
December 1941 January 1942 Is G. 2 Junkers Ju 87B
October 1943 September 1944 II./NJG 6 (II. Group of Night Fighter Squadron 6) Messerschmitt Bf 110F-4 , Messerschmitt Bf 110G-4
December 1944 April 1945 Staff, IV./JG 53 (Staff and IV. Group of Jagdgeschwader 53) Messerschmitt Bf 109G-14 / AS
January 1945 April 1945 I./NJG 11 Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6, Messerschmitt Bf 109G-14
January 1945 April 1945 Kdo. Olga of I./KG 200

From November 1944 to January 1945, the Echterdingen concentration camp was set up on the airport site , a branch of the Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp . About 600 Jewish prisoners were held in a hangar and forced to work on and around the site. They had to fill in the bomb craters, work in the quarry and build roads from the airport to the motorway in order to use it as a runway. 119 of the men died of the inhumane conditions in the camp; 34 victims of the Echterdingen concentration camp are buried on what is now the US Army site. In order to keep flight operations going, several thousand foreign and forced laborers were probably employed during the war years, the exact fate of which is difficult to reconstruct.

From January 1945 at the latest, use of the airport was no longer possible due to the permanent attacks, but operations were not finally stopped until the beginning of April 1945. The then director Lothar Zobel wrote: “What was not destroyed by air raids should fall victim to the madness of destruction. In the end, the most disgraceful thing was the clearance of the non-Air Force airport for looting. "

The airport site was captured by the French army in mid-April 1945 and later taken over by the US Army , which still maintains a base on the south side of the airport.

Resumption of flight operations

A Swissair Douglas DC-3 landed in August 1948 as the first civil aircraft after the Second World War. On board were 3,325 kilograms of copper wire from the “Auxiliary Committee Zurich for Stuttgart” for the Katharinenhospital and the women's clinic. On October 3, 1948, Pan American took up regular air traffic between Berlin and Stuttgart with a DC-3. In the same year SAS and KLM also began to offer scheduled connections to Stuttgart, followed by Swissair in May 1949 with regular flights. Also in 1949 the airport was handed over to German administration.

In 1951 the airport was expanded: a control tower was built and the runway was extended from 1,400 m to 1,800 m. The first airline founded in the Federal Republic of Germany after the war, Südflug International , was also based at Stuttgart Airport from 1952 to 1969. After only foreign airlines had been allowed up until then, Lufthansa returned to Stuttgart in 1955. 1959 began to fill the area east of the airport in order to enable an extension of the runway. The road from Plieningen to Bernhausen, today's federal highway 312 , was moved into a tunnel under the airport grounds. In 1961, the runway, which has now been extended to 2250 m, was inaugurated with the first landing of a Boeing 707 operated by Lufthansa.

New building discussions

Plaque on the "Mahneiche" against the airport construction in Schönbuch

At the end of the 1960s, there were plans to expand Stuttgart Airport into a major international airport. In a report prepared on behalf of the city of Stuttgart, the Stuttgart professor Carl Emil Gerlach came to the conclusion that the most practical way to do this was to expand the Echterdingen site. Among other things, the then existing runway would have been extended from 2600 to 4300 meters and a second runway with a length of 2700 meters would have been built diagonally to the first; in the final expansion, an airport area of ​​1000 hectares was planned. Due to the expected noise pollution, residents formed a protection community that comprised almost 7,000 members. In an expert report prepared on behalf of residents of the neighboring communities, Walter Rossow suggested four alternative locations near Herrenberg in 1969 , at the Münsingen military training area, in the area of ​​the Geissberg near Friolzheim, which had to be leveled, and in Schönbuch near Tübingen . There was also resistance at the alternative locations, which today is remembered, among other things, by a memorial in Schönbuch known as the “Mahneiche”. In 1973 the then Prime Minister Hans Filbinger decided not to pursue these plans any further, on the grounds that Stuttgart did not need a major airport. Filbinger referred to the nearby airports in Frankfurt , Munich and Zurich , which are mainly used by the Stuttgart population.

First terminal expansion

In 1970, Stuttgart Airport was already counting up to 20,000 passengers and other visitors per day. In order to better channel these flows, the terminal building was divided into an arrival and a departure area by installing a false ceiling. In order to connect the arrivals area on the upper level with the apron, a walkway was built at the same time, which from now on shaped the building's air-side facade.

Modernization of the runway and terminal buildings

Relocation and extension of the runway

View of Terminal 1

The Weidacher Höhe , located to the west of the airport, was a problem for aviation in Stuttgart for decades, especially with the take-off direction to the west (runway 25), which is the most common due to the typical wind conditions. Most of the aircraft types could only take off to the west with a limited maximum take-off weight . In the northeast, the federal highway 8 bordered the airport. The location and length of the runway was limited to 2550 m until 1995 by the ridge and the motorway.

In the 1990s, as part of the six-lane expansion of the A 8, its route was relocated to the north. This created scope for relocating and extending the runway to the east at the eastern end of the airport. From 1993 to 1996, the airport was completely rebuilt while operations continued, including the apron and a runway extension in the east. In the late summer of 1995, flight operations with large aircraft were suspended for two months, while smaller aircraft with an approach speed of less than 224 km / h could operate on the 1625 m long taxiway south north of the actual runway. In the west approx. 750 m of the old runway was torn down without replacement, the eastern 1800 m long part was rebuilt at the same place and connected to the east extension.

On June 24, 1996, the runway, which has now been extended to 3345 m, was opened for air traffic. The previous situation has since eased significantly, but take-offs to the west are still subject to restrictions, which only affect individual flights, especially long-haul connections. This made it possible for Delta Air Lines , which since 1986 had only been able to offer its connection to the hub at Atlanta Airport via a stopover, since then has also been able to offer non-stop scheduled flights in transatlantic traffic from Stuttgart.

Instrument landing system

In order to enable landings on the new runway in bad weather, an instrument landing system and approaches according to the all-weather flight operating level CAT III b were put into operation in 1997.

Terminal building

Boeing 737-300 of Air Europa 1991 at Stuttgart Airport. On the right is the old reception building, now known as Terminal 3, on the left the new Terminal 1

After 3 million passengers per year had been transported for the first time in the 1980s, the only terminal to date had reached the limits of its capacity. In 1986, the first new building, Terminal 1, was tackled, which was inaugurated in 1991. The multiple award-winning steel tree brace construction has meanwhile become the trademark of the Swabian airport. All arrivals could now be handled via the new terminal, so that the footbridge built in 1970 in front of the old reception building, which was now known as Terminal 3, could be demolished.

On 13 January 1999 a new one was the hangar of Lufthansa Technik opened. Together with the identical hangar from DC Aviation, it is the largest hangar on the airport site. Also in 1999 the new tower replaced the previous one on the roof of Terminal 3.

Terminal 4 was opened on May 2, 2000 as the next stage of expansion. For reasons of capacity and fire protection, the demolition of the old Terminal 3 began in the same year. The new Terminal 3 was adapted to the design of Terminal 1. With the opening of the building on March 26, 2004, the current state of development was finally achieved. The new air freight center on the south side was completed on January 7, 2002 .

Further expansion

In 2016, the airport anticipated an increase in passenger numbers of three percent. With an average occupancy of 104 passengers per aircraft, further growth will lead to additional flight movements. The airport terminals have a capacity of 12 million passengers per year. In a feasibility study at the end of 2015, the airport had suitable locations for additional handling capacities examined.

Renovation of the runway in 2020

The eastern part of the runway, built in the 1990s, will receive a new surface in 2020. For this purpose, the usable area of ​​the slope is to be shortened to 1,965 meters from April 23rd to May 20th and then to 2,475 meters by June 17th. In the first construction phase, flights to destinations within a radius of around 1,400 kilometers will be possible, including most European hubs. In the second phase, destinations can be reached within a radius of 2,800 kilometers, so that only a few flights are omitted. The Delta flights to Atlanta cannot be operated during the entire period. Due to the already severely restricted air traffic during the COVID-19 pandemic , it was decided to bring the construction work forward and start on April 6th. The runway was completely closed until April 22nd and operations at the airport, with the exception of helicopters, were completely suspended, after which the planned partial closures will follow until June 17th.

Airport facilities

Map of the airport and the Stuttgart exhibition center

Start-and runway

The airport has only one runway . It is concreted, runs 3345 meters approximately in an east-west direction and is 45 meters wide, it has a gradient to the east. The two taxiways N and S run north of the runway. From the east, runway 25 can be used for landings along its full length. Starts in direction 25 are shortened to 3045 m. From the west, the threshold of runway 07 is offset by 300 m due to the Weidacher Höhe.


Aerial view of Stuttgart Airport, June 2019. Behind the wing of the building with the passenger boarding bridges from left to right: Terminal 1 West (small flat roof with attachment), Terminal 1, Terminal 2 (smaller, low flat roof), Terminal 3 and Terminal 4 (light-colored building) . Behind Terminal 1 the exhibition center, behind Terminal 4 the bus terminal and the Skyloop building

Stuttgart Airport has three terminals with their own gates (T1, T3 and T4) and two other terminals that are only used for check-in (T1 West and T2).

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 interior view
Terminal 1 exterior view from the south (aircraft parking area)

Terminal 1 went into operation in 1991 after five years of construction. The new building was the first part of a series of renovations and new buildings and was designed by the architect Meinhard von Gerkan from the Hamburg office gmp . In terms of its functional distribution, it is similar to Terminal 2 at Hamburg Airport, which was also designed by gmp. The goal was an airport with short distances and easy orientation. The architecture of the building was generally regarded as successful and was awarded the German Steel Construction Prize in 1992. The most striking element are the characteristic supports supporting the roof. They branch out several times and thus form an analogy to trees, which, according to Gerkans, was chosen due to the dominance of forests in Baden-Württemberg.

Terminal 1 is divided into a total of five levels. The Stuttgart S-Bahn station, which opened in 1993, is located in the basement on level 1 . Arrivals are handled on level 2, here there is a baggage claim and 20 gates on the air side for boarding with apron buses. A total of 37 check-in counters are available on level 3, which is directly followed by the security-checked area with four passenger boarding bridges and a further 17 gates for boarding over the passenger boarding bridges and with apron buses. In order to equalize the flow of traffic, both levels 2 and 3 have an onshore road connection. Above the security-checked area, there are freely accessible shopping and dining options on levels 4 and 5, including Europe's only restaurant at an airport that has been awarded a star in the Michelin Guide .

The terminal was extensively renovated between 2007 and 2009, including the installation of a modern baggage handling system similar to that in Terminal 3 and the previous drop- leaf displays on the information boards replaced by liquid crystal screens. The 25 year old passenger boarding bridges were replaced in March 2019.

The terminal is used by 2.2 million departure passengers per year and 2.5 million on arrival, it is designed for 3.5 million passengers per year. The main user of the terminal is Eurowings . Continue to use Turkish Airlines and AnadoluJet , Air Serbia and Aeroflot terminal first

Terminal 1 West

Terminal 1 West, also known as Terminal 0, was opened west of Terminal 1 in 1998 to remove bottlenecks at peak times. There are nine check-in counters in Terminal 0; departures and arrivals are handled via the other terminals. Terminal 1 West has been used by Laudamotion since the 2019 summer flight schedule . At the same time, a security checkpoint assigned to Terminal 1 West was set up at the western end of the Terminal 1 gate area.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 was built between 1991 and 1993 and is based on the previously completed Terminal 1, from which it is separated by a narrow glass hall. There are nine check-in counters in Terminal 2, which are used by 300,000 passengers a year. Terminal 2 has no gates; departures and arrivals are handled via Terminals 1 and 3. In addition to the regular security checkpoint, a fast lane is available for passengers of certain booking classes or those with frequent flyer status . Since 2014, flights from Lufthansa , Austrian Airlines and Swiss International Airlines have been handled in Terminal 2.

Terminal 3

Visitor terrace on the roof of Terminal 3

The current Terminal 3 was built between 2000 and 2004 and is architecturally based on the recently opened Terminal 1, the architect was also Meinard von Gerkan. However, due to the changed requirements for airports in the meantime, the proportion of space for retail and catering is larger than in Terminal 1. The terminal is divided into a 190 × 40 meter airport hall with technical, arrival and departure levels on the air side Cross bar with waiting rooms and catering is upstream. On level 2, which is connected to Terminal 1, there are facilities for the arrival of passengers, a baggage claim and 5 gates for boarding with apron buses. On level 3 there are a total of 38 check-in counters, which are directly connected to the security-checked area. Here you will find shopping and dining options as well as four passenger boarding bridges and a total of 19 gates for boarding via the passenger boarding bridges and with apron buses. In the generally accessible area there is a connection with the terminal 2, while the gate area of ​​the terminal 1 is directly connected in the security-checked area; There is a connection to Terminal 4 in both areas. Above the security-checked area, there are freely accessible shopping and dining options on levels 4 and 5, as well as a viewing terrace that can be visited free of charge.

The terminal's fully automatic baggage handling system is designed for 4800 pieces of baggage per hour, and the 10 million euro system from the Dutch manufacturer Vanderlande subjects the baggage to a multi-stage X-ray inspection.

Terminal 3 is used by 2.4 million departing passengers and 2.5 million on arrival and is designed for 4 million passengers per year. This makes it the largest terminal before Terminal 1 and is used by most airlines, including TUIfly , Condor , Delta Air Lines and Air France / KLM .

Terminal 4

From January 1999 to April 2000, a former aircraft hangar from 1955 was converted into Terminal 4. The new building was primarily intended to relieve Terminal 1 during the construction of Terminal 3 and was primarily intended for charter flights. There are a total of 17 check-in counters on level 2 and 22 gates for boarding with apron buses in an upstream extension . The facilities for the arrival of passengers are also on this level, the baggage claim is on level 3.

Terminal 4 is used by 340,000 departure passengers and 270,000 on arrival each year, and is designed for around two to three million passengers a year. Today it is mainly used for flights to Turkey and in ethnic traffic . In the medium term, the building is to be replaced by a new building.

General Aviation Terminal

The General Aviation Terminal from the air

A dedicated terminal, built in 1998, is available for general aviation , especially business aviation , as well as for pilots and passengers of private aircraft . The terminal is operated by Kurz Aviation Service GmbH and includes conference rooms, lounges and relaxation rooms and two hangars for up to 42 aircraft. It houses the flight schools Aero-Beta , FFH and some other aviation companies . The building, with its corrugated iron cladding, is intended to commemorate the early days of aviation and in 2001 was awarded an architecture prize for “exemplary building” in the Esslingen district .

Control tower

Tower of Stuttgart Airport on the Fildern

As the only control tower in Europe, the tower of Stuttgart Airport is not located directly on the airport site, but south of it on the outskirts of Bernhausen . The tower was inaugurated in 1999 and replaced the previous tower, which had been installed on the roof of the reception building since the end of the Second World War. It offers a total of five workstations for the employees of the German Air Traffic Control , who monitor Stuttgart Airport and the nearby airspace from here. Since April 2009, is apron control provided by the control tower by the German air traffic control, previously were the by apron controllers employees of the airport company, based in a pulpit in the traffic control building, east of the terminal. 4

Maintenance facilities

Aircraft maintenance is offered at Stuttgart Airport by Lufthansa Technik , DC Aviation and Flugtechnik Stuttgart . For this purpose, DC Aviation uses a 5000 square meter hangar built in 1999 by its predecessor DaimlerChrysler Aviation . A structurally identical hangar built one year later is operated by Lufthansa Technik.

Airfield fire
engine of the Stuttgart Airport Fire Brigade

Airport fire brigade

The airport fire brigade building, built in 1996, is located at the eastern end of the apron at the General Aviation Terminal. The location was chosen so that after the runway was extended at the same time, every point on the airport site - as required by ICAO fire protection category 10 - can be reached within three minutes. The Stuttgart Airport Fire Brigade employs 76 full-time workers and has 24 emergency vehicles. The airport fire brigade is deployed on around 4,700 missions every year.

Tank farm

The tank farm at Stuttgart Airport was built in 2009 between the Lufthansa Technik hangar and the General Aviation Terminal. It replaced the former tank farm west of Terminal 1, which was demolished because new parking positions are planned there. With a diameter of 17 meters on the outside and 14 meters on the inside, the three tanks are 13.2 meters high and have a total capacity of 4.5 million liters of kerosene . While the containers can be filled from outside the security area, they are removed from the apron. From there, the kerosene is delivered to the aircraft parking positions by 15 special tank vehicles.

Parking garages and parking lots

South view of the Bosch parking garage above the A 8

A total of 11,000 parking spaces are available at Stuttgart Airport for passengers, visitors and employees. The parking spaces for passengers and visitors are divided into three short-term parking spaces, three long-term parking spaces and another five parking garages, all of which are operated by the parking space manager APCOA . At peak times, Messe Stuttgart has 7,000 additional parking spaces, some of which were co-financed by Stuttgart Airport. This includes the Bosch parking garage that spans the A8.

Stuttgart Airport Bus Terminal

The city of Stuttgart's new long-distance bus station ( Stuttgart Airport Bus Terminal , SAB) was built on the ground floor of car park P14. The building, which cost 35 million euros, has 17 ground-level bus platforms and has 1,600 parking spaces for cars. The system replaces four interim stops in the Stuttgart area, which were necessary after the discontinuation of the central bus station at the main train station as a result of Stuttgart 21. The plan for 170 buses per day was made before the liberalization of long-distance bus traffic (early 2013). The since then strongly increased demand has not been taken into account in the planning. Between 80 and 170 buses are to be handled daily at the 17 bus platforms. A forecast Template: future / in 5 yearsnow expects up to 53 bus stops per hour on peak days in 2025 . The bus station and the parking spaces above should initially cost 35 million euros, of which the city of Stuttgart should take over 4.6 million euros. The bus station replaces the removed bus station in the palace gardens. At the end of 2014, an increase in costs became known, as a result of which the City of Stuttgart's share increased to 5.6 million euros. Completion took place in May 2016.

Operating company

Airport with all buildings (from left, i.e. from north to south: administration building, parking garages, airport hall, terminals, apron, taxiways, runway)

The airport is operated by Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH (FSG). It goes back to Luftverkehr Württemberg AG, founded in 1924 (from 1936 Flughafen Württemberg AG ), which initially operated Böblingen Airport . In 1949 the company was converted into a GmbH before it was given its current name in 1956.

Owner of the operating company are since 2008 to 65% the country Baden-Wuerttemberg and 35% the city of Stuttgart, which among other things, by the Head of the State and State Secretary Florian Stegmann and Mayor Fritz Kuhn in the Supervisory Board are represented in society. The Chairman of the Supervisory Board is the Baden-Württemberg Minister for Transport and Infrastructure, Winfried Hermann . The current managing directors are Walter Schoefer (spokesman for the management) and Arina Freitag. The previous managing director Georg Fundel retired at the end of April 2017. The municipalities of Leinfelden-Echterdingen and Filderstadt do not have a stake in the company, although most of the airport is located in their districts and they accordingly receive around 85 percent of the trade tax .

The actual operation of the airport is outsourced to a number of subsidiaries. These include City Air Terminal Luftreisebüro GmbH (100%), Flughafen Stuttgart Energie GmbH (100%), Handels- und Service GmbH (90%), Cost Aviation GmbH (75%), Baden-Airpark GmbH (65.8%), Airport Ground Service (60%), S. Stuttgart Ground Service GmbH (51%) and Aviation Handling Services GmbH (10%).

In the 2018 financial year, FSG achieved sales of 286 million euros and an operating profit of 51 million euros.


There are connections to practically all European aviation hubs , including Frankfurt , Munich , Zurich , Vienna , Paris , Amsterdam , Istanbul , London-Heathrow , Copenhagen , Stockholm , Moscow and Madrid . There are also direct connections to cities and holiday destinations in Europe and North Africa. In Germany, in addition to the hubs, the airports Berlin-Tegel , Hamburg , Hanover , Düsseldorf , Bremen , Dresden , Leipzig / Halle and Münster / Osnabrück as well as seasonal Heringsdorf (Usedom) and Sylt are served. Since 2003, Stuttgart Airport has been the hub of initially Germanwings and now Eurowings .

Delta Air Lines has been connecting Stuttgart with Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta since 1986 . This is currently the only transatlantic flight . In the meantime, transatlantic flights to New York (John F. Kennedy Airport or Newark) and Canada have also been offered. There was also a direct connection between Stuttgart and Doha between 2011 and 2012.

Stuttgart Airport is one of the eight German airports where demand from airlines exceeds capacity. In order to offer a connection from or to Stuttgart, Flughafenkoordination Deutschland GmbH must first assign a slot .


Airbus A320 of Eurowings at a gate of Stuttgart Airport

Most of the passengers flew with Eurowings (39.2%) in 2018 , followed by Easyjet (7.0%) and TUIfly (6.0%). In terms of flight movements, Eurowings' share was even 41.2%, followed by Lufthansa with 6.1% and Easyjet with 5.3%.

The most frequently used aircraft type in 2018 was the Airbus A320 family with 44.0% of all civil flights , followed by the Boeing 737 with 11.7% and the De Havilland DHC-8 with 9.9%.


Air freight only plays a subordinate role at Stuttgart Airport: Of the approximately 670,000 tons of air freight that accrues annually in the airport's catchment area, 21,641 tons were processed via Stuttgart Airport in 2008.

On the south side of the airport, which belongs to Bernhausen, a new air freight center was built in 2002 for 150 million euros, replacing a previous building on the north side. While the old freight center could handle 50,000 tons of freight per year, the new building is designed for an annual capacity of 160,000 tons and offers a total of 20,600 m² of storage space in three buildings and a further 11,600 m² for office space. In contrast to other airports, the air freight center is located outside the aviation security zone; the so-called land-air border does not run through the building. This means that trucks and transport equipment can approach the building from all sides.

Military use

Lockheed C-5 Galaxy of the US Air Force at Stuttgart Army Airfield

The US Army has maintained the Stuttgart Army Airfield ( Heeresflugplatz Stuttgart) on the south side of the airport since 1945 . The Stuttgart Army Airfield is operated by the United States Army Special Operations Command and is mainly used for the transport of military troops and cargo. The United States Marine Corps' Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force - Crisis Response - Africa (SP-MAGTF-CR-AF) operates a base flight equipped with UC-12W here .

Until the new construction of the adjacent air freight center, its area was also part of the military part of the airport.

Night flights

A night flight restriction has been in force at Stuttgart Airport since 1973 . Take-offs are generally only allowed between 6 a.m. and 11 p.m., landings between 6 a.m. and 11.30 p.m. In the event of delays, aircraft with low-noise engines can land up to midnight.

The night flight restriction applies to all jet aircraft and to propeller aircraft without low-noise engines. Exceptions can be granted by the competent authority, generally exempt from the restrictions are propeller-driven aircraft with quiet engines, military aircraft of the Air Force and the armed forces of the United States , night mail flights (when using low-noise engines), alternative landings due to bad weather, technical problems or for safety reasons, survey flights of the German air traffic control as well as flights of the disaster control or for medical reasons such as organ transports.

In order to make optimal use of the runway's capacity, the first aircraft of the day have been taxiing to the take-off position since March 2009 at 5:50 a.m.

Wide-body aircraft in Stuttgart

Delta Air Lines Boeing 767 landing at Stuttgart Airport

On July 12, 1970 a Lufthansa Boeing 747 landed for the first time in Stuttgart for advertising purposes.

In addition, for a while there were regular connections with the aircraft types L-1011 and DC-10 . Since 1986 a is the Boeing 767 of Delta Air Lines encountered daily in Stuttgart. Up until 2015, an Air Berlin Airbus 330-200 was a daily guest for flights to Palma de Mallorca. Turkish Airlines connects Stuttgart with Istanbul Airport at irregular intervals with Airbus A330 , A340 and Boeing 777 aircraft .

On May 1, 1998, Concorde was a guest at the airport. The first commercial flight of the world's largest aircraft, the Antonov AN-225 , took place on December 28, 2001 to Stuttgart.

Airbus A380 D-AIMA "Frankfurt am Main" of Lufthansa at Stuttgart Airport

The Airbus A380 “D-AIMA Frankfurt am Main” of Lufthansa, which was delivered in May 2010, landed on June 2, 2010 as part of a presentation flight in Stuttgart. The flight was also part of the training program for Lufthansa’s training pilots. In foggy weather, over ten thousand onlookers witnessed the landing. Because of the span of almost 80 meters, an A380 cannot be parked directly at the terminals. After two hours on the airfield, the machine started again.

A special guest was the Boeing 747 SOFIA in September 2011 and 2019 . For the purposes of public relations work by the organizations involved, the aircraft was available for guided tours of Stuttgart Airport for several days.

Stuttgart Airport is served daily with an Airbus A300 from Leipzig in use for DHL . A Boeing 757 of DHL also flies from Cologne to Stuttgart. In addition, there are irregular charter cargo flights with wide-bodied aircraft, including Boeing 747s, McDonnell-Douglas MD-11s and Antonov An-124s .


The umbrella brand fairport STR has existed at Stuttgart Airport since 2012. Under this name, the airport brings together its efforts to improve its own sustainability performance. Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH (FSG) aims to be one of the most powerful and sustainable airports in Europe over the long term. At the center of this claim are the three goals of economic success, social responsibility towards employees, customers and society as well as ecological compatibility. The ecological and social goals are integrated into the corporate strategy and are to be implemented by what is known as fairport controlling. An ecological goal is to reduce the carbon dioxide emissions that the FSG can affect by 20 percent by 2020. The base year is 2009, in which FSG produced 21,966 tons of CO 2 through its own energy requirements and fuel consumption . Thanks to the combined heat and power plant , which has been in operation since 2013, and the purchased electricity from renewable energy sources , the airport was able to exceed the 2020 climate target in 2014. In addition, there has been a 7,200 m² photovoltaic system on the Bosch car park since 2009 and another 3,330 m² since 2011 next to the runway in the east of the airport site. The airport company's environmental report was published for the first time in 2010, documenting key environmental indicators and making them comparable in the future. Since 2014 it has been available in an expanded form as a sustainability report including social issues and aspects of good corporate governance. The environmental management system introduced in 2013 also meets the criteria of EMAS and the international standard ISO 14001 .

Emission-free mobility

Another focus is the promotion of emission-free mobility with the help of alternative forms of drive. Stuttgart Airport has been using electric-powered baggage tractors since 1991. In 2010, the vehicle fleet was supplemented by two Vito E-Cell and in 2011 by a fuel cell-powered follow-me vehicle . In addition, the first public hydrogen filling station in Baden-Württemberg was opened at Stuttgart Airport . Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH is also promoting the development of alternative propulsion systems in aircraft, such as the Antares DLR-H2. The aircraft developed by DLR is the world's first manned and exclusively fuel cell- powered aircraft of its kind. Now only electric buses drive at the airport.

Membership in the United Nations Global Compact

Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH joined the United Nations Global Compact in February 2011 . The FSG is the first publicly owned German airport to be a member of this network for corporate responsibility and corporate social responsibility (CSR). By joining, the company is committed to ten principles from the areas of environmental protection , human rights , labor standards and the fight against corruption . The FSG presents the implementation of these ten Global Compact principles in an annual progress report. In 2013, the FSG published its report on the Global Compact.

Cooperation with the organization atmosfair

The first two atmosfair stations for offsetting greenhouse gases have been in operation at Stuttgart Airport since mid-2011 . Air passengers have the opportunity to calculate the carbon dioxide emissions caused by their trip and to offset these by donations to global climate protection projects of the non-profit organization atmosfair. The Baden-Württemberg state airport is one of the very first airports to cooperate with atmosfair.

Guided tours on environmental and sustainability topics

In addition to the classic airport tours, the visitor service at Stuttgart Airport has also been offering tours on the subject of the environment and sustainability at the airport since July 2011. Experts from the University of Hohenheim guide the guests around the site. The solar roof of the Bosch parking garage is also part of the guided tour, as is a drive across the airport apron to a noise measuring point. There visitors can see the largest contiguous biotope in the Filder region and learn more about environmentally friendly technologies that are used in airport operations.

In addition, Stuttgart Airport claims to be the first airport with a sustainability tour. The tour called “fairport STR” provides a general overview of various environmental and social issues in nine stations and shows how Stuttgart Airport concretely addresses these questions. The tour was created in cooperation with the University of Hohenheim . In addition to aviation topics such as flying and climate protection or the use of fuel cells in airplanes, topics such as biodiversity , water protection , electromobility and recycling are also covered . The subject of religion and sustainability is also addressed. Project partners such as Mercedes-Benz , Bosch , the German Aerospace Center and the organization atmosfair supported the FSG in implementing the individual stations.

Expansion plans

Expansion to the west

The first plans for a western expansion have existed since 1994. The main features of the project have changed again and again since then. The latest plan was to increase the number of regular aircraft stands from the current 54 to 64, as their number no longer met demand, especially at night. A 19 hectare area in the west of the current apron was planned for the expansion, on the one hand new parking positions were to be created and on the other hand facilities located further east were to be moved to create space for additional parking positions. In addition, the intention was to build new vehicle hangars and commercial areas on a total of 20 hectares.

As a first step, the tank farm previously located in the west was closed and replaced by a new building in the north by 2009 . The application for the plan approval procedure should originally be submitted by 2011. However, since the number of flight movements has decreased since 2008, the airport company checked in 2012 to what extent and timeframe the western expansion made sense. At the end of 2012, the managing director of the operating company Walter Schoefer announced that due to the steadily decreasing number of flight movements, there was currently no longer any need to pursue the original plans.

Start-and runway

View of the existing runway. In the background the chimneys of the Altbach / Deizisau thermal power station

In addition to Nuremberg Airport and Berlin-Schönefeld Airport , which is currently being closed, Stuttgart Airport is the only one of the major commercial airports in Germany to have only one runway and, according to the operators, will therefore reach its capacity limit in a few years.

According to the result of an expert report commissioned by Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH, the new runway could be built to the southeast or northeast of the previous one. In both variants, the new runway ran parallel to the previous one. For the north variant, however, the A 8 would have to be bridged with a taxiway bridge.

Both variants should cost around 600 million euros and should only be approached from the east. It should also only start in an easterly direction. The northern variant, assuming a few structural additions, would also allow take-offs and landings in or from the west. To do this, the parallel taxiway would have to be extended and the motorway had to be bridged with another taxiway bridge.

The planned expansion met with resistance from the Schutzgemeinschaft Filder e. V. and the action alliance Filder, who previously protested without success against the construction of the Stuttgart Exhibition Center in the immediate vicinity of the airport. Opponents of the expansion argue that the aircraft noise is unreasonable and that the Filderkraut cultivation area should not be built over. On June 25, 2008, the then Prime Minister Günther Oettinger announced that the airport's expansion plans would not be pursued any further because the airport was only using 65 percent of its capacity. There will also not be any shortening of the night flight ban in the foreseeable future. Oettinger later specified that this decision should be valid for the next 8 to 15 years.

Airport train station (mainline)

Planned route of the
new Stuttgart-Wendlingen line planned as part of Stuttgart 21 in the area of ​​the airport.

In connection with the Stuttgart 21 project, Stuttgart Airport is to receive a long-distance and regional train station, which is temporarily referred to as the Stuttgart Filderbahnhof . The station facilities of the new stop are to be built underground between the exhibition grounds and the airport. For this purpose, the space for the track bed, in which the future route will run, was already kept free when the trade fair was built. While the new Filderbahnhof is to take up traffic to and from Ulm and Tübingen, the traffic in the direction of Singen is to be integrated into the existing S-Bahn station Flughafen / Messe .

Regional policy is interested in extending the S-Bahn into the Neckar valley towards Nürtingen, Kirchheim or Plochingen. Feasibility studies partially provide for joint use of the new line. The costs are estimated at around 500 million euros.

Kerosene pipeline

From the end of 2019, the airport should be supplied with kerosene via a connecting pipeline on the Central European pipeline network, instead of by truck with 7,500 journeys a year as before. The planned closure of a tank farm near Heilbronn was named as the reason for the plans to build the pipeline. In April 2019, the plans were postponed, as the necessary line rights were not granted by all 700 property owners for the preferred route along the A8 to Oberboihingen or for possible alternative routes and the airport is not seeking expropriation. In addition, the airport is now mainly supplied from the nearby Plochingen . The project is to be re-examined in 2024.

New Terminal 4

In order to be able to cope with the increasing number of passengers since 2010, the new construction of Terminal 4 is planned. The current Terminal 4 is a converted aircraft hangar and was opened in April 2000. An architectural competition is to be announced in 2020.

Further construction projects

In 2013, the airport company planned to invest a total of 568 million euros in the expansion of Airport City for the following years, which also includes the airport train station planned as part of Stuttgart 21. The 2015 annual report names an investment volume of around 500 million euros in the period up to 2025.

On the site of the former car park P10, the airport company had the SkyLoop , a six-storey building in the shape of an eight, built for 133 million euros . Ernst & Young, with 1,500 employees , moved into the building with a gross floor area of ​​57,000 square meters at the beginning of 2016 and occupies three quarters of the area. In addition to an underground car park with 400 spaces in the building, the new car park P14 was built at the former freight yard north of Terminal 4 to replace the P10 car park and opened in November 2015.

A Dorint Airport Hotel with 155 rooms opened in summer 2015.

On February 29, 2016, the airport administration moved into a new administration building known as SkyPort . A four-star superior hotel with 260 rooms and 1,500 square meters of conference rooms is to be built by 2019 at the location of the previous airport headquarters, which was built in 1971. This means that three hotels with a total of 800 beds will be available at the airport.

Traffic figures

Development of traffic figures at Stuttgart Airport

In the year it reopened in 1948, 1059 aircraft movements with 5934 passengers were counted. Both values ​​rose steadily in the following years, until 1968 the millionth passenger of a year could be welcomed for the first time. As early as 1972, the number of passengers doubled to 2 million, and at the same time flight movements had stabilized at around 50,000 per year. In 1996, for the first time, more than 100,000 flight movements were handled and 6.5 million passengers were carried. At the end of 2006, for the first time in the history of the airport, the limit of ten million passengers was broken within one year. In 2007 Stuttgart Airport achieved a passenger volume of around 10.33 million passengers (2.1 percent more than in 2006). In 2008 the number of passengers fell to 9.93 million and in 2009 to 8.94 million due to the economic crisis. In 2010 the number of passengers was 9.23 million again, and in 2012 it was 9.73 million. In 2015 the 10 million mark was broken again. In the years that followed, the number of passengers rose steadily; in 2018, a new record was set with 11.8 million passengers.

Busiest flight routes from STR
rank target Passengers
change Passengers
change Passengers
change Starts
change Starts
  1 GermanyGermany Berlin Tegel 622.297   -1.03% 628.747   20.76% 520,653 5,434   -6.81% 5,831   27.79% 4,563
  2 SpainSpain Palma de Mallorca 392.035   5.55% 371,409   11.17% 334.079 2,573   2.43% 2,512   10.91% 2,265
  3 GermanyGermany Hamburg 369.376   -0.19% 370.093   6.94% 346.087 3,452   4.80% 3,294   13.86% 2,893
  4 AustriaAustria Vienna 278,487   25.14% 222,545   4.06% 213,863 2,739   15.91% 2,363   6.3% 2.223
  5 TurkeyTurkey Antalya 256.106   14.55% 223,574   31.25% 170.348 1,620   19.56% 1,355   24.66% 1,087
  6 TurkeyTurkey Istanbul / Istanbul Ataturk 199,396   -3.62% 206,890   7.36% 192.710 1,381   0.66% 1,372   5.38% 1,302
  7 NetherlandsNetherlands Amsterdam 174,473   0.24% 174.050   5.91% 164,330 2,050   2.65% 1.997   3.53% 1.929
  8 GermanyGermany Frankfurt / Main 174,417   0.29% 173.920   -12.85% 199,560 1.917   4.70% 1,831   -5.62% 1,940
  9 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London Heathrow 171,628   -0.77% 172,956   6.94% 161,726 1,560   -2.13% 1,594   -0.99% 1,610
  10 TurkeyTurkey Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen 161,451   17.78% 137.080   9.08% 125,674 1,074   15.61% 929   6.05% 876
This statistic only includes starts. (No landings)


  • On February 18, 1961, a Douglas DC-7CF (N745PA) of Pan Am collided with a pile of earth in front of and next to the runway while approaching Stuttgart Airport. The pilots of the cargo plane coming from Frankfurt continued the approach in thick fog with a visibility of 100 meters and a cloud height of 30 meters, even below the decision height of 200 feet, although the instrument landing system did not function reliably and 4 of 5 elements of the approach lighting were out of order . When it collided with the mound of earth, the landing gear and engine No. 3 (inside right) were torn off. Nevertheless, it was possible the pilot durchzustarten and at the Nuremberg airport a belly landing on a foam carpet perform. The three-man crew remained uninjured, but the aircraft was irreparably damaged.
  • On September 14, 2009 had Fokker 100 (D-Afke) of Contact Air emergency landing at the airport Stuttgart, because the main landing gear did not allow to fully extend. The politician Franz Müntefering (SPD) was also on board the machine . The SPD leader survived the emergency landing unharmed, but spoke of a "very serious situation". Five passengers were shocked, and one flight attendant was injured and taken to hospital for observation.

In the history of Stuttgart Airport, there has not yet been a fatal flight accident.


Tupolev from Stuttgart Airport during an anti-terrorist exercise by the US Army in November 2008

A Tupolev 154 from 1973, which the airport acquired from the Hungarian airline Malév , has been stationed at Stuttgart Airport since 1995 . Here flight attendants train under realistic conditions how to evacuate an aircraft in an emergency. In addition, the Tupolev is used for large-scale exercises, for example by the rescue service .

The runway ends at the point where the airship LZ 4 was completely destroyed after a thunderstorm on August 5, 1908 . At the original landing site about 1 km west of this point, a zeppelin stone with several information and memorial boards was erected.

See also

Web links

Commons : Stuttgart Airport  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

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  3. a b c Annual Report 2008 (PDF) Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH
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  6. Alexander Ikrat: Kretschmann supports the special role of the region . In: Stuttgarter Nachrichten . No. 261 , November 12, 2014, p. 15 (including the title ).
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This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on December 28, 2009 .