Business jet

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A business jet (or business jet ) is an aircraft that is used by business travelers instead of a scheduled flight or other means of transport in business aviation .


Business jets range in size from propeller-driven aircraft with one or two engines and four seats (for example a Cessna 172 or Piper PA-28 ) to turboprop aircraft (for example Beechcraft King Air ) to a Boeing Business based on the Boeing 737 Jet or an Airbus Corporate Jetliner based on the Airbus A319 . In very small numbers, especially for governments, larger aircraft such as the Airbus A340 , Boeing 747 or even Airbus A380 are being converted into business aircraft.

Learstar , Lockheed Model 18 converted by Lear into a business jet . The D-CABO was one of two Lear aircraft that were delivered to Helmut Horten GmbH in 1956 .

In the 1950s, William P. Lear first converted Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar machines into Learstar business jets . At the end of the 1950s, he then developed the idea of ​​a twin-engine business jet, which became known as the Learjet 23 from 1963 and its concept found many imitators. The first Learjet only had four passenger seats.

The aircraft of the Cessna Citation series are very widespread . The slightly larger (and more expensive) jets from Gulfstream Aerospace or the Falcon series from Dassault Aviation and the jets from the Challenger and Global series from Bombardier Aerospace are also popular . The Citation X + was the fastest business jet on the market for a long time, but was replaced by the Gulfstream G650.


Business jets with jet engines are classified according to certain categories, for example as shown here by the engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce .

great category MTOW Aircraft example Operating cost example
(per hour)
Microjet Very Light Jet (VLJ) 5,000-10,000 lbs
(≈2,250 – ≈4,500 kg )
Cessna Citation Mustang USD 850 Cessna Citation Mustang
Entry level Light jet 10,000–13,000 lbs
(≈4,500 – ≈5,900 kg)
Beechcraft Premier I. USD 1,400 Beechcraft Premier I.
Light Business jet 13,000–20,000 lbs
(≈5,900 – ≈9,050 kg)
Learjet 40 USD 1,800 Learjet 40
Light medium Midsize jet 20,000–33,000 lbs
(≈9,050 – ≈15,000 kg)
Gulfstream G100 USD 2,000 Gulfstream G100
medium Midsize jet 33,000–50,000 lbs
(≈15,000– ≈22,650 kg)
Embraer Legacy 500 USD 2,500 Embraer Legacy 500
Long range Long range jet 50,000–80,000 lbs
(~ 22,650 – ≈36,250 kg)
Bombardier Global 5000 USD 4,000 Bombardier Global 5000
Very long range Very long range jet 80,000–100,000 lbs
(≈36,250 – ≈45,350 kg)
Gulfstream G650 USD 4,000 Gulfstream G650
Bizliner Very long range jet > 100,000 lbs
(> ≈45,350 kg)
BBJ , ACJ USD 6,000 Boeing business jet


The higher costs of this means of transport are ideally compensated by

  • the time saved through direct flights and reduced waiting times,
  • the exclusivity that allows undisturbed travel or work or the scheduling of a meeting,
  • the flexibility that enables quick changes to travel plans through individual planning.

Another advantage of business jets is that they can take off and land at regional airports ; This means that there is no need for a time-consuming change.


There are several concepts for operating and using business jets:

  • Own aircraft: The traveler or company owns a fleet or their own aircraft that they fly themselves or that they have a pilot fly.
  • Executive Business Charter: The traveler or the company charter an aircraft and its crew.
  • Partial aircraft ownership ( fractional ownership ): The traveler buys a contingent of flight hours that he can book flexibly.


In the future, a whole new type of aircraft could emerge with supersonic business aircraft. Due to the difficulties, numerous projects such as the Suchoi S-21 or the Tu-444 have already been canceled prematurely, but work on other projects such as the Aerion AS2 or HyperMach SonicStar continues.


  • Patrick Holland-Moritz: Business Aviation: Overview of long-haul jets. In: aerokurier , No. 2/2019, pp. 38–42
  • H. Laumanns: Modern Business Jets: Airplanes since 1990 (Typenkompass), Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2011, ISBN 978-3-613-03264-4
  • Günter Stauch: Business Jets: From the LightJet to the converted Boeing 737 , Geramond, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-7654-7218-2

Individual evidence

  1. Rolls-Royce Aircraft and engine categories ( Memento from February 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  2. JETNET Aviation Data Service 2011
  3. Welt: "The first civilian supersonic jet after the Concorde" (Clemens Gleich)